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Results 401 - 450 of 1074
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Alghamdi Ali S - - 2013
To determine whether soft tissue augmentation prior to block grafting will minimize post-block grafting soft tissue complications. This longitudinal controlled pilot study was conducted at the Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from October 2010 to January 2013. Fourteen sites requiring block grafting were divided ...
Aldebasi Yousef H - - 2013
To assess lipid profile and lipid peroxidation in type 2 diabetics with proliferative retinopathy (PDR), and investigate the association between these biochemical parameters and PDR. This study was conducted between June 2011 and February 2012 in the Research Laboratory, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Qasssim, Kingdom of Saudi ...
Liu Xi R - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of cervical cerclage on preventing preterm birth in twin pregnancies. We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, Current Controlled Trials, China Biology Medicine (CBM), Chinese National Knowlegde Infrastructure (CNKI) and VIP Chinese Journal database (VIP) from April to August 2012. All available ...
Hamid Mohamed E - - 2013
This study aimed to clarify the taxonomic position of an actinomycete isolated from an HIV-positive male patient with pulmonary complications in Asir, southern region of Saudi Arabia. The strain was found to have phenotypic properties typical of nocardiae and 16S rRNA gene analysis clustered the isolate with Nocardia wallacei (accession ...
Alherabi Ameen Z - - 2013
Plasmacytoma is a discrete solitary mass of neoplastic monoclonal plasma cells in either bone marrow or soft tissue sites. Extramedullary plasmacytoma or multiple myeloma of the larynx is extremely a rare condition. We report a 77-year-old male patient diagnosed with multiple myeloma and presented with dysphagia. The rarity of the ...
Honey James R - - 2013
The Army Selected Reserve Dental Readiness System (ASDRS) is a key dental program directed by the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Manpower & Reserve Affairs) starting in fiscal year 09. The Army National Guard and Army Reserve have steadily implemented ASDRS over the past 3 years as a means to ...
Nash William P - - 2013
Literature describing the phenomenology of the stress of combat suggests that war-zone experiences may lead to adverse psychological outcomes such as post-traumatic stress disorder not only because they expose persons to life threat and loss but also because they may contradict deeply held moral and ethical beliefs and expectations. We ...
Jeffery Diana D - - 2013
During public health emergencies, the Military Health System experiences challenges similar to those across the U.S. public and private health systems. This study explored how 1 such event, the 2009/2010 influenza (H1N1) pandemic, impacted health care utilization and associated costs in the Military Health System. Data from the Military Data ...
Cassler Nicole M - - 2013
Dietary supplements are implicated in an increasing number of minor and serious adverse events, including death. A series of adverse events in deployed Marines using multiple supplements prompted medical officers to investigate the prevalence of supplement use among Marines stationed on Camp Leatherneck, Afghanistan. The investigators developed a survey to ...
Savage Erin - - 2013
To determine the best field tourniquet for Medical Technician (Med Tech) use in the Canadian Forces (CF). We conducted a prospective controlled trial, comparing the efficacy and ease of applicability of 3 types of commercially available windlass tourniquets in 4 tactical situations on simulated patients. The primary outcome was time ...
Hill Owen T - - 2013
There is a scarcity of analytic research on active duty Army (ADA) knee injuries (KI), such as soft tissue knee injuries (STKI), which are the predominant ADA KI pattern. To quantify the independent adjusted association of significant ADA STKI risk factors, 2000-2005. Using the Total Army Injury and Health Outcomes ...
Yin Li-Yan - - 2013
A challenge facing military caregivers is the presence of multidrug-resistant infection in extremity wounds. Most frequently identified resistant strains are methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), and Acinetobacter baumannii (AB). We adapted an existing osteomyelitis model to simulate an infected extremity wound for antibiotic testing. New ...
Claus D - - 2013
The Deutsche Zeitschrift fuer Nervenheilkunde (German Journal for Neurology) was founded as a specifically neurological journal at the end of the nineteenth century and soon became a European platform for scientific discussion of neurological topics. Papers also came from the USA, Scandinavia and Russia. The difficulties of the diagnosis and ...
Shetty Shreya - - 2013
Abstract Background: Host modulation is fast gaining popularity as a preferred therapeutic modality for periodontal disease. Recent research in the medical field into herbal immunomodulators such as Septilin® has spurred an interest in evaluating its efficacy in periodontitis for the first time. Aim: The aim of the study was to ...
Doni Bharati R - - 2013
Abstract Aims: To estimate the salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels in tobacco chewers, tobacco smokers and normal subjects and to compare the salivary IgA levels among tobacco chewers and tobacco smokers. Methods: The study group consisted of 80 subjects (tobacco users), 40 tobacco chewers and 40 tobacco smokers. Unstimulated whole ...
Wang Ying - - 2013
To observe the potential protective effect of angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) on rat choroidal neovascularization (CNV) leakage. The study was conducted at the Eye Institute of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, China from June 2012 to June 2013. Thirty CNV model rats were induced by laser. In vivo, fluorescein fundus ...
Ren Jingchao - - 2013
To determine the association of high birth weight (HBW) with the risk of obesity in childhood and adolescence. We also aimed to explore the interactions of HBW with physical activity and dietary habits. In a birth cohort born in 1993, 1994, and 1995 in Wuxi, China, subjects with a birth ...
Al Kuwari Huda M - - 2013
To evaluate the influence of orthodontic treatment that involved first premolars extraction on the angulation of the developing mandibular third molars, and whether this will result in an improvement in it's path of eruption during tooth development. A cross-sectional radiographic study was conducted using 80 panoramic radiographs of 40 orthodontic ...
- - 2013
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is pilot-testing patient safety worksheets for surveyors to use to review how hospitals comply with the Medicare Conditions of Participation for quality assessment and performance improvement, infection control, and discharge planning. Familiarize yourself with the Conditions of Participation and the worksheets and ...
Wang Judy Y - - 2013
The influence of individual-level factors such as pretraumatic risk and protective factors and the availability of unit-level and enterprise-level factors on psychological health outcomes have been previously considered individually, but have not been considered in tandem across the U.S. Military psychological health system. We use the existing literature on military ...
Gubata Marlene E - - 2013
To examine the performance of active duty U.S. Army personnel with accession medical waivers during combat deployments, the deployment duration and likelihood of early return from theater for medically waived (n = 18,093) and medically qualified (n = 250,209) personnel deploying between September 2001 and March 2011 were determined. The ...
Yan Grace W - - 2013
Chaplains play a unique role in the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care systems and have numerous responsibilities. Compassion satisfaction (CS), compassion fatigue (CF), and burnout (BO) are three major phenomenons that have been documented in other helping professions, but little is known about VA Chaplains' professional quality of life. This ...
Krismer F - - 2013
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder which causes early sustained disability and quality of life impairment. Recently, a self-reported questionnaire focusing on MSA-specific symptoms (Multiple System Atrophy Quality of Life questionnaire, MSA-QoL) was developed in the English language. This article reports the validation of the German ...
Randeree Hoosen - - 2013
This sub-analysis evaluated clinical safety and effectiveness of bolus insulin aspart [with/without oral glucose-lowering drugs (OGLDs)] as the only insulin therapy. A1chieve was an international, multicenter, prospective, open-label, non-interventional, observational, 24-week study in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus starting/switching to biphasic insulin aspart 30, insulin detemir or insulin aspart ...
AlGhamdi Hamza J HJ Oncology Department, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2013
To describe presentation, management, and outcome, and determine prognostic factors for pancreatic cancer patients. A retrospective review of patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during the period from January 2000 to December 2010. Descriptive statistics were conducted on the collected data and survival ...
Cloonan Suzanne M SM Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2013
By integrating stress signals with inputs from other cellular organelles, eukaryotic mitochondria are dynamic sensing systems that can confer substantial impact on innate immune signaling in both health and disease. This review highlights recently discovered elements of innate immune receptor signaling (TLR, RLR, NLR, and CLR) associated with mitochondrial function ...
Bak Gwangbae G POSTECH-UZH Cooperative Laboratory, Department of Life Sciences, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, - - 2013
Rapid stomatal closure is essential for water conservation in plants and is thus critical for survival under water deficiency. To close stomata rapidly, guard cells reduce their volume by converting a large central vacuole into a highly convoluted structure. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this change are poorly understood. In ...
Iliev Iliyan D ID F. Widjaja Foundation Inflammatory Bowel and Immunobiology Research Institute, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. - - 2013
The environment is suffused with nearly countless types of fungi, and our immune systems must be tuned to cope with constant exposure to them. In addition, it is becoming increasingly clear that many surfaces of our bodies are colonized with complex populations of fungi (the mycobiome) in the same way ...
Sinchak Kevin K Biol. Sci., California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, USA. - - 2013
Estradiol rapidly activates a microcircuit in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARH) that is needed for maximal female sexual receptivity. Membrane estrogen receptor-α complexes with and signals through the metabotropic glutamate receptor-1a stimulating NPY release within the ARH activating proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons. These POMC neurons project to the medial ...
Xu Dongli D Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Wuhan 430074, - - 2013
High-throughput optical imaging is critical to obtain large-scale neural connectivity information of brain in neuroscience. Using a digital mirror device and a scientific complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera, we report a significant speed improvement of structured illumination microscopy (SIM), which produces a maximum SIM net frame rate of 133 Hz. We ...
Qin Wan W Clemson University, Department of Bioengineering and COMSET, Clemson, South Carolina 29634, - - 2013
We developed a microfluidic biochip to perform laser guidance on two cell types, chick embryonic forebrain neurons and spinal cord neurons. Observation of neurons under a high-magnification microscope, which we obtained from these two cell types, showed no difference in morphology. However, when flowing in the microfluidic channel and simultaneously ...
Mesquita Rickson C RC University of Pennsylvania, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2013
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) modulates processing in the human brain and is therefore of interest as a treatment modality for neurologic conditions. During TMS administration, an electric current passing through a coil on the scalp creates a rapidly varying magnetic field that induces currents in the cerebral cortex. The effects ...
Eren Figen F Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, - - 2013
Standard treatment for caries removal and cavity preparation for restorations using mechanical means is often accompanied by fear and pain for the patient. Although the pain may be reduced by local anaesthesia, fear of the needle, noise, and the vibration of mechanical preparation remain a cause of discomfort. Erbium, chromium:yttriumscandium- ...
Bagi Andrea - - 2013
Offshore oil & gas industry is moving exploration and production activities into Arctic and deep water regions. Governmental regulations require environmental impact assessments before operations to evaluate the possible effects of accidental oil releases. These are often performed by numerical fate models, like the Oil Spill Contingency and Response (OSCAR) ...
Jun Dae Won - - 2013
Prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is about 20-25% in Korean adults population. Obesity is strongly associated with NAFLD and the prevention of obesity is a major public issue. Unfortunately, pharmacological treatment of obesity and NAFLD remains uncertain. Only weight loss by dietary changes been shown to lead to ...
Kim Taeyun - - 2013
Background/Aims: The point mutations in 23S rRNA gene accounts for the majority of the clarithromycin resistance of Helicobacter pylori. This study aimed to investigate the association between the clarithromycin-resistance of H. pylori and the failure of primary H. pylori eradication therapy in Jeju Island. Methods: Between April 2011 and October ...
Han Min Seok - - 2013
The Dieulafoy lesion is a rare cause of severe gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Although it may occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, the lesion is most commonly located in the stomach, and the small bowel is an extremely uncommon site. Since Dieulafoy lesion in the small bowel is difficult to access by ...
Jie Byung Soo - - 2013
Intestinal malrotation is a congenital disorder that results from the failure of normal bowel rotation and fixation during the 5th gestational week. The incidence of intestinal malrotation is <0.2%, but prompt diagnosis is important because this anomaly can cause midgut volvulus and lead to fatalities. Compared to infants presenting with ...
Nam Kwan Woo - - 2013
Background/Aims: Helicobacter pylori is a well known precursor to gastric cancer and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. This study was to determine whether H. pylori was associated with colorectal neoplasms in Korean subjects undergoing routine checkup. Methods: A total of 10,082 subjects underwent routine checkups from January 2004 to April ...
Gundes Ebubekir - - 2013
Background/Aims: Isolated cecal necrosis is a rare cause of the surgical abdomen. Its manifestation is similar to that of acute appendicitis. Thirteen cases, who were pre-diagnosed with acute abdomen and were finally diagnosed with isolated cecal necrosis after operation have been evaluated alongside with literature. Methods: The records of 13 ...
Kim Yeon Ju - - 2013
Background/Aims: Our aim was to assess the long-term data regarding efficacy and safety of infliximab (IFX) treatment for refractory Crohn's disease (CD) patients in our tertiary teaching hospital. Methods: We have retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 89 CD patients who underwent IFX treatment between March 2003 and February 2011 ...
Sekiguchi Masau - - 2013
Local recurrence after endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection (EPMR) for colorectal tumors is a crucial issue. However, such recurrence is usually detected within one year and cured with additional endoscopic treatment, which makes EPMR acceptable. Herein, we report a rare case of repeatedly recurrent colon cancer involving the appendiceal orifice after ...
Park Min Kyu - - 2013
Biliary enteric fistula is an abnormal pathway often caused by biliary disease. It is difficult to diagnose the disease because patients have nonspecific symptoms. A 67-year-old woman presented with hematemesis and melena. She was diagnosed with Dieulafoy lesion on the gastric antrum and underwent endoscopic hemostasis using hemoclips. Follow-up upper ...
Kupcewicz BogumiƂa - - 2013
The E,Z-isomers of 3-arylidene substituted flavanone, chromanone and 3-aryl substituted flavone derivatives were tested in vitro for their cytotoxic activity against three cancer cell lines (HL-60, NALM-6, WM-115) and normal cell line (HUVEC). It was observed that substitution at C3 position led to significant enhance in cytotoxicity. Isomeric configuration of ...
Chai Wenying - - 2013
A series of small molecules with a piperidinyl core were synthesized and tested for binding affinity (IC50) at human Neuropeptide Y Y2 receptor. Various amide related analogs (ureas, reversed amides, and sulfonamides) were evaluated. Several potent and selective NPY Y2 antagonists were identified.
Perlo Josefina - - 2013
We report the optimization of a slim-line logging NMR tool carried out by maximizing the signal-to-noise ratio of the NMR measurements. The tool, based on cylindrical permanent magnets of 20cm length and 5cm diameter, has a penetration depth of about 2cm measured from its surface. This is obtained thanks to ...
McKinnell R Murray - - 2013
The discovery of a series of 5-HT4 receptor agonists based on a novel 2-alkylbenzimidazole aromatic core is described. Optimization of the 2-substituent of the benzimidazole ring led to a series of agonists with subnanomolar binding affinity and moderate-to-high intrinsic activity relative to that of 5-HT. Consistent with our previously described ...
Makeev Maxim A - - 2013
We conducted a comprehensive atomistic simulation study of the adhesive properties of aromatic rigid-rod poly-[(4,4'diphenylene) pyromellitimide] on a dimer-reconstructed silicon surface. We describe the structural developments within the adherent's interfacial region at the atomistic scale, and evaluate the energetics of the adhesive interactions between bimaterial constituents. In particular, we observe ...
Balseven-Odabasi Aysun - - 2013
The hyoid bone is of great importance in forensic medicine practice and it has been studied for various forensic purposes; however, there have been few studies dealing with age and sex estimation using the hyoid bone. Using discriminant function analysis this study attempts to determine the utility of metric measurements ...
Christensen Shawna B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents and its association with obesity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using electronic medical records. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Adolescents aged 15-19 years (n = 137,502). INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): PCOS diagnosed or defined according to National Institutes of Health ...
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