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Results 351 - 400 of 1075
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Tavakkoli Mohammad - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Depression and fatigue are common in chronic hepatitis C (CHC). OBJECTIVE: We report clinical predictors of these conditions in patients seen in a university clinic. METHODS: A total of 167 CHC patients completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). Major depressive disorder (MDD) suggested by ...
Muñoz-Moreno José A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive complaints have been scarcely studied in people with HIV in Spain. The aim of this research was to know the prevalence of cognitive complaints in HIV-infected people, as well as its potential relationships with demographic, clinical and psychological variables, in the era of combination antiretroviral therapies. ...
Min Byung-Il - - 2013
Radionuclides were released into the atmosphere and ocean due to an accident in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in March 2011. Numerical simulations were carried out to evaluate the distribution of (137)Cs in the ocean considering both direct releases to the sea and deposition from the atmosphere as ...
Matozzo Valerio - - 2013
The combined effects of decreased pH and increased temperature values on antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation were evaluated for the first time in the clam Chamelea gallina and the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, two bivalve species that are widespread along the northwestern coast of the Adriatic Sea. For 7days, bivalves ...
Lušić Darija Vukić - - 2013
The quality of bathing water is of considerable public importance due to the possibility of fecal contamination. In 2009, Croatia implemented the new European Bathing Water Directive (BWD, 2006/7/EC) establishing stricter microbiological standards for new parameters with new reference methods. This study aims to evaluate the equivalence of different methods ...
Tang X-P - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive and prognostic value of peripheral blood survivin and VEGF mRNA expression levels in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with stage I-IIIA NSCLC who underwent surgical resection were enrolled in this study. Thirty-six patients ...
Okumura Eiichi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Corpus callosotomy limits the bilateral synchrony of epileptic discharges. However, the instantaneous changes in bilateral synchrony during corpus callosotomy are unclear. The present study investigated how and when bilateral synchrony is suppressed in the anterior and then posterior steps of corpus callosotomy. METHODS: Intra-operative scalp electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded ...
Chen Mei-Ling - - 2013
The aggressiveness of end-of-life (EOL) cancer care has often been analysed by the occurrence of several indicators, separately or aggregately. Whether aggressive EOL cancer care has different subtypes is unknown. This study sought to identify distinct subtypes of aggressive EOL care based on usage patterns of aggressive EOL-care indicators and ...
Franken Paul - - 2013
The timing and quality of both sleep and wakefulness are thought to be regulated by the interaction of two processes. One of these two processes keeps track of the prior sleep-wake history and controls the homeostatic need for sleep while the other sets the time-of-day that sleep preferably occurs. The ...
Oh In-Hyeok - - 2013
We designed a cancer-cell specific photosensitizer nano-carrier by synthesizing pheophorbide a (PheoA) conjugated glycol chitosan (GC) with reducible disulfide bonds (PheoA-ss-GC). The amphiphilic PheoA-ss-GC conjugates self-assembled in aqueous condition to form core-shell structured nanoparticles (PheoA-ss-CNPs) with good colloidal stability and switchable photoactivity. The photoactivity of PheoA-ss-CNPs in an aqueous environment ...
Fariña-López Emilio - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the attitudes, knowledge and practice on the use of physical restraints by nursing staff working with the elderly, as well as the relationship existing between these variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive and correlational study was conducted among professionals from eight nursing homes. Three questionnaires asking ...
Ferrari Silvia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity between vestibular and psychiatric disorders in predisposed individuals is underestimated, untreated, and may result in chronicization and poor quality of life. There are few studies concerning the type and the prevalence of psychiatric-psychosomatic distress in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study ...
Bobillo Lobato Joaquín - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pompe disease is a disorder originating from an acid alpha-glycosidase (AAG) enzyme deficiency. This disease produces an accumulation of lysosomal glycogen in different tissues, whereby the skeletal and heart muscles are especially involved. The established diagnosis is achieved through the identification of the AAG deficiency. There are ...
Ruiz-Alonso Maria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the clinical value of the endometrial receptivity array (ERA) in patients with repeated implantation failure (RIF), for guiding their personalized embryo transfer (pET) as a novel therapeutic strategy. DESIGN: Prospective interventional multicenter clinical trial. SETTING: University-affiliated infertility and private clinics. PATIENT(S): Eighty-five RIF patients and 25 comparison ...
Farrar G Jane - - 2013
It has become evident that many human disorders are characterised by mitochondrial dysfunction either at a primary level, due to mutations in genes whose encoded products are involved in oxidative phosphorylation, or at a secondary level, due to the accumulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. This has prompted keen interest ...
Pro S - - 2013
Although primary headaches are very prevalent also in pediatric age, most neurophysiologic studies in these diseases concerned only the adulthood. The neurophysiologic investigation of the pathophysiological mechanisms subtending migraine and tension-type headache in children and adolescents could be particularly interesting, since during the developmental age the migrainous phenotype is scarcely ...
Sarkis Sarkis - - 2013
BACKGROUND: HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a neurological inflammatory disease associated with a predominant infiltration of CD4+ T lymphocytes, which are the main subset of HTLV-1-infected cells. It has been demonstrated that in cell line the viral Tax protein transcriptionnally regulate expression of osteopontin, an inflammatory cytokine associated with ...
Gueudry J - - 2013
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) resistance to acyclovir (ACV) has only been reported in rare cases of immunocompromised patients. We report the first case of an immunocompetent patient with ACV-resistant VZV keratitis associated with a nucleotide deletion in the VZV thymidine kinase gene, leading to production of a truncated protein.
Susaya Janice - - 2013
Ground-level ozone (O3) is a well-known atmospheric pollutant with its adverse impacts on the environment and human health. Here, the tropospheric O3 concentrations monitored in seven major cities in Korea at monthly intervals over a 22-year period (1989-2010) are presented, and their long-term variability examined. The analysis of annual mean ...
Steinberger Jutta J Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Medical University of Vienna, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Dr. Bohr-Gasse 9/3, A-1030 Vienna, - - 2013
The foot-and-mouth disease virus leader proteinase (Lb(pro)) cleaves itself off the nascent viral polyprotein. NMR studies on the monomeric variant Lb(pro) L200F provide structural evidence for intramolecular self-processing. (15)N-HSQC measurements of Lb(pro) L200F showed specifically shifted backbone signals in the active and substrate binding sites compared to the monomeric variant ...
Agathocleous Michalis M Children's Research Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Stem and progenitor cells proliferate and give rise to other types of cells through differentiation. Deregulation of this process can lead to many diseases including cancer. Recent evidence suggests that an extensive metabolic reconfiguration of cancer cells allows them to sustain pathological growth by providing anabolic intermediates for biosynthesis. This ...
Coleman Shane M SM Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Electronic address: - - 2013
When depression co-occurs with type 2 diabetes, adverse bidirectional interactions increase the burden of both illnesses. In addition to affecting patient's health, functioning, and quality of life, this relationship also results in increased mortality compared with those with depression or diabetes alone. The purpose of this study was to examine ...
Wu Chuntao C Department of Public Health Sciences, Penn State Hershey College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, - - 2013
The association between incomplete revascularization (IR) and long-term mortality after stenting in the era of drug-eluting stents is not well understood. In the present study, we test the hypothesis that IR is associated with a greater risk of long-term (5-year) mortality after stenting for multivessel coronary disease. Using data from ...
Lee Suzanne R SR Division of Biological Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
In the cell, mRNAs and non-coding RNAs exist in association with proteins to form ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. Regulation of RNP stability and function is achieved by alterations to the RNP through poorly understood mechanisms into which recent studies have now begun to provide insight. This emerging body of work points ...
Brojmohun Archana A Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, - - 2013
Consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatrists are frequently asked to initiate and manage psychotropic drugs, some of which can delay cardiac repolarization, prolong the QT interval, and increase the risk of torsades de pointes (TdP). This task is complicated by the growing number of patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED) [i.e., permanent ...
- - 2013
At New York Presbyterian, each service has a barrier reduction team, led by a nurse manager, that identifies barriers to the discharge process and determines ways to improve. Teams include care coordinators, social workers, nurses, and any other discipline that can affect patient throughput. Teams collect information on anticipated versus ...
Cesta Toni - - 2013
Managing patient flow is a complex process that includes the daily management of patient throughput and capacity issues, and also the measurement and management of monthly data indicators. These indicators touch on every department and discipline in the hospital and should be readily shared and discussed. Because patient flow management ...
- - 2013
UNC Hospitals in Chapel Hill, NC, has a dedicated team of case managers and pharmacists who evaluate patients who are potentially at risk for readmissions and follows them for 30 days after discharge. The team reviews patients with multiple chronic conditions, a history of admissions, and are taking multiple medications ...
- - 2013
St. John's Hospital in Springfield, IL, has a dedicated team of nurses with the sole responsibility of admitting and discharging patients. A multidisciplinary task force recommended the project during a Lean project that mapped the patient flow process and looked for roadblocks to timely throughput. Patient satisfaction scores and patient ...
Narayanan R P - - 2013
The hypothesis of the study was that IGF2 gene polymorphisms were associated with longitudinal trends in weight through modification of IGF-II concentration.Observational study that explored associations of the IGF2 gene and baseline circulating IGF-II concentration with ‘real-world' longitudinal trends in body-mass index in a type 2 diabetes population.26 haplotype tagging ...
Hu-Chen Liu - - 2013
The two most important issues of expert systems are the acquisition of domain experts' professional knowledge and the representation and reasoning of the knowledge rules that have been identified. First, during expert knowledge acquisition processes, the domain expert panel often demonstrates different experience and knowledge from one another and produces ...
Yazidi A - - 2013
Discovering and tracking of spatiotemporal patterns in noisy sequences of events are difficult tasks that have become increasingly pertinent due to recent advances in ubiquitous computing, such as community-based social networking applications. The core activities for applications of this class include the sharing and notification of events, and the importance ...
Ali Shaukat - - 2013
Antioxidizing enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidae) are important enzymatic systems used to degrade hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen, thereby lowering intracellular hydrogen peroxide levels. Entomopathogenic fungi display increased activities of antioxidizing enzymes during growth and germination, which is necessary to counteract the hyperoxidant state produced by oxidative ...
Hunt Andrew P - - 2013
This study aimed to develop minimum standards for physical capability assessments (vertical jump, sit and reach, push-ups, seven-stage sit-ups, heaves, agility, 20-m shuttle run, loaded 5-km pack march, and 400-m swim) that candidates must pass before they can commence Australian Army Special Forces (SF) selection courses. Soldiers (Part A: n ...
Mahmood Maysaa - - 2013
A survey was conducted to assess trainee perception of the cross-cultural communication competency of U.S. military trainers and their satisfaction with the training they received. Findings from the survey show that U.S. military trainers rely significantly on local interpreters. This indicates variability in the ability of the trainers to communicate ...
Walker Avery - - 2013
Outpatient surgery is performed widely throughout the Army Medical Command (MEDCOM). It is common practice throughout Medical Command to admit barracks dwelling active duty service members (ADSMs) undergoing ambulatory surgical procedures for overnight observation. We hypothesized that overnight observation of these individuals has not prevented adverse outcomes that would have ...
House Carol - - 2013
This study was undertaken to determine whether the incidence of lower limb overuse injuries (LLOIs) sustained during Royal Marine training could be reduced by issuing the recruits with shock-absorbing insoles (SAIs) to wear in their military boots. This was a retrospective longitudinal trial conducted in two phases. Injury data from ...
Breeze John - - 2013
Ballistic protective materials used in body armor are tested with fragment simulating projectiles (FSPs). The type of FSP used has historically been made by choosing fragments representative of those produced by controlled explosions, which may not be representative of those fragments actually injuring soldiers. 75 cylindrical FSPs of three different ...
Hall Noah M - - 2013
Methemoglobinemia is a potentially life-threatening complication of local anesthetic sprays employed in upper endoscopy. There is limited information available on the incidence of this complication, and no prospective trial has ever undertaken to evaluate subclinical levels of methemoglobinemia. To evaluate the incidence of subclinical methemoglobinemia in patients exposed to anesthetic ...
Gellner A-K - - 2013
The evaluation of episodic seizure-like symptoms is a common challenge in the neurologist's daily routine. The clinical signs (semiology) are the most important puzzle pieces to distinguish epileptic seizures from other episodic entities. Due to the often far-reaching health and social consequences of the diagnosis of epilepsy, the early and ...
Bodade Pankaj R - - 2013
Aim: The overall aim of this pilot study was to establish the role of dental practitioners in identifying patients at risk of osteoporosis from panoramic radiographs. Methods: The pilot study evaluated 32 randomly selected postmenopausal women with no known secondary cause of bone loss. A panoramic radiograph of each patient ...
Nikolovska Julijana - - 2013
Summary This paper gives an overview of the development of health insurance and some aspects of the oral health care in the Republic of Macedonia since it became independent in 1991. First, it describes the provision of oral health care and treatments funded by the public health care system. The ...
Fotedar Shailee - - 2013
Abstract Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and knowledge of and attitude towards cessation counselling among dental students in Himachal Pradesh State, India. Method: The present study was conducted with the 219 third-year Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) students in the five ...
Raja Jigna V - - 2013
Abstract Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the association between oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and psychiatric morbidity in a controlled manner. Methods: Matched patients were divided into three groups: Those with areca nut chewing habits with OSF (Group 1; n=50); those with areca nut chewing habits without OSF (Group 2; ...
Kumar Prem - - 2013
Summary Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic mucocutaneous disease with an unknown aetiology, affecting 0.5-2% of the population and with a predilection for females in fourth to fifth decade of life. Most oral lichen planus lesions are asymptomatic but the atrophic and erosive forms of OLP can cause symptoms ...
Fisseler-Eckhoff A - - 2013
The increased use of asbestos in Germany in the mid 1970s led occupational physicians, pulmonologists, thoracic surgeons and pathologists to the expectation of an increasing incidence and mortality in patients with pleural mesothelioma up to 2020. Prerequisite for curative surgery is a pathological anatomical tumor diagnosis on the basis of ...
Frøkjær J B - - 2013
Longstanding diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with the risk of complications affecting the central nervous system. The aims were to study brain volume and cortical thickness in regional brain areas in DM patients and to correlate the findings with relevant clinical data.15 patients with longstanding (average 24.6 years) type 1 ...
Jafarzadeh S - - 2013
This paper introduces a new stability test and control design methodology for type-1 and type-2 continuous-time (CT) Takagi-Sugeno-Kang systems. Unlike methods based on a common Lyapunov function, our stability results apply for systems with unstable consequents, and our controllers can be designed for systems with unstabilizable consequents. The stability results ...
Nzila Alexis - - 2013
Current malaria treatments are based on the use of artemisinin based combinations. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the combination of pyrimethamine/sulfadoxine/artesunate is the first line of treatment of uncomplicated malaria, while lumefantrine/artemether (Coartem) is used as a second option. The treatment of severe malaria rests on the use of ...
Zhou Xiao S - - 2013
To explore changes in indicators of the coagulation and fibrinolytic system in the serum of rats with renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. The study was carried out at the Nephrology Laboratory of the Second Hospital, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China between September and October 2012. A rat renal IR model ...
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