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Results 201 - 250 of 1074
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D'Agostino A - - 2013
Atrophy of the jaws could represent a challenge in maxillofacial and oral surgery. The correction of bone defects due to the atrophic process is frequently achieved by means of onlay bone grafting. In the present note, a technique of flap designing to approach the alveolar atrophic crest will be discussed. ...
Norman Ingrid - - 2013
Human papillomavirus (HPV) L1 capsid protein is only produced during a productive HPV infection at the end of the natural viral life cycle and is a major target of the immune response in women with HPV-related squamous intraepithelial lesions. We evaluated the usefulness of L1 detection by immunocytochemistry in high-risk ...
Lee Jin-Wook - - 2013
A wet-chemical method for increasing the number of quantum dots (QDs) per unit surface area of TiO2 was developed. High density QD surface coating was induced by a surface charge controlled SILAR method, which led to a sixfold increase in photocurrent density from 2.15 mA cm(-2) to 15.03 mA cm(-2) ...
Stephenson Erin J - - 2013
Impaired visceral white adipose tissue (WAT) metabolism has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several lifestyle-related disease states, with diminished expression of several WAT mitochondrial genes reported in both insulin resistant humans and rodents. We have used a rat model selectively bred for low-(LCR) or high-(HCR) intrinsic running capacity that ...
Che Jun - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of antiproliferative transducer of erbB2, 1 (TOB1) on the radiosensitivity of the normal human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE. After exposure to different doses of irradiation or a certain dose for different time intervals, the expression of TOB1 ...
Lehmeier Christoph Andreas - - 2013
The effect of nitrogen (N) stress on the pool system supplying currently assimilated and (re-)mobilized N for leaf growth of a grass was explored by dynamic 15N labeling, assessment of total and labeled N import into leaf growth zones, and compartmental analysis of the label import data. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium ...
Di Alberti L - - 2013
Peri-implantitis is an inflammatory process involving peri-implant bone. Angiogenesis is critical for the development, remodeling and healing of bone. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is a glycoprotein that induces endothelial cell proliferation, angiogenesis and capillary permeability. VEGF is expressed in a variety of highly vascularized tissues and seems to be ...
Battista G - - 2013
The authors report a case of oral tuberculosis in a 38-year-old heavy cigarette smoker man. He showed a painful, non-healing ulc er with indurated borders of the lateral surface of the tongue. No tonsil or lymph node enlargement was also noted. The medical history was not significant for systemic disease. ...
Bauersachs R M - - 2013
Superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is a common disease, characterized by an inflammatory-thrombotic process in a superficial vein. Typical clinical findings are pain and a warm, tender, reddish cord along the vein. Until recently, no reliable epidemiological data were available. The incidence is estimated to be higher than that of deep-vein ...
Adlin E Victor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In low-renin hypertension (LRH), serum aldosterone levels are higher in those subjects with primary aldosteronism and may be lower in those with non-aldosterone mineralocorticoid excess or primary renal sodium retention. We investigated the hypothesis that the frequency distribution of aldosterone in LRH is bimodal. METHODS: Of the 3,532 attendees ...
Panos Stella E - - 2013
Effective antiretroviral therapy has led to substantial improvements in health-related outcomes among individuals with HIV. Despite advances in HIV pharmacotherapy, suboptimal medication adherence remains a significant barrier to successful treatment. Although several factors have been associated with medication adherence in the extant literature, study assessing the effects of some of ...
Umana Monica - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on dentinal surfaces of diode lasers (810 and 980 nm) at different parameters. Materials and methods: Twenty-four caries-free human impacted wisdom teeth were used. The crowns were sectioned transversely in order to expose the dentin. The smear layer was ...
Bak Gwangbae - - 2013
Rapid stomatal closure is essential for water conservation in plants and is thus critical for survival under water deficiency. To close stomata rapidly, guard cells reduce their volume by converting a large central vacuole into a highly convoluted structure. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this change are poorly understood. In ...
Fenton Andrew K - - 2013
How bacteria coordinate cell growth with division is not well understood. Bacterial cell elongation is controlled by actin-MreB while cell division is governed by tubulin-FtsZ. A ring-like structure containing FtsZ (the Z ring) at mid-cell attracts other cell division proteins to form the divisome, an essential protein assembly required for ...
le Roex Nikki - - 2013
Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is a chronic, infectious disease found in domestic livestock and wildlife. It is caused predominantly by Mycobacterium bovis, which forms part of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. BTB has serious implications for the movement of animals and animal products, biodiversity and public health, and is of significant economic ...
Cowie Benjamin C - - 2013
The recently published Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) contains accurate, contemporary estimates of human morbidity and mortality, with substantial changes in the patterns of illness observed over the last two decades. One of the most significant alterations to these estimates has been the recognition that viral hepatitis ...
Rapp John Paul - - 2013
There is a significant literature describing quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling blood pressure (BP) in the Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rat. In studies to identify the genes underlying BP QTL it has been common practice to place chromosomal segments from low BP strains on the genetic background of the S rat ...
Kietrys David M - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. BACKGROUND: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is associated with hyperalgesic zones in muscle called myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). When palpated, active MTrPs cause local or referred symptoms including pain. Dry needling involves inserting an acupuncture-like needle into a MTrP with the goal of reducing pain ...
Bridgeman Mary Barna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To review the place in therapy of mirabegron, a new oral β3-adrenergic receptor agonist, for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB).DATA SOURCES:A literature search of MEDLINE and MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations Databases (1996-April 2013) was conducted using the key words mirabegron, receptor, adrenergic, beta-3; adrenergic beta-3 receptor; beta-3 ...
Vilella Antonia L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To report a case of cholestatic jaundice as a result of combination herbal and designer supplement use.CASE SUMMARY:A 50-year-old Hispanic male presented to the hospital with a 1-week history of significant painless jaundice; total bilirubin on admission was 29.4 mg/dL. He reported use of both herbal (creatine and whey protein) ...
Ying Hou-Qun - - 2013
Abstract In testis, eNOS is responsible for synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) which is an essential gas message regulator in spermatogenesis, suggesting that eNOS gene plays a role in normal spermatogenesis and the genetic variants of eNOS gene may be potential genetic risk factors of spermatogenesis impairment. In this study, ...
Guiard Julie - - 2013
Upgrading diagnostics: A universal antigen has been prepared for the detection of brucellosis caused by any Brucella species that express a smooth lipopolysaccharide. This nonasaccharide, which encompasses Brucella A- and M-antigenic determinants, is uniquely available only by chemical synthesis.
Brown Daniel L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To describe a practical solution for addressing body weight when using the Cockcroft-Gault equation to determine drug dosing.DATA SOURCES:A literature search was conducted using PubMed MEDLINE (1980-April 2013) using creatinine clearance, Cockcroft and Gault, Cockcroft-Gault, body weight, and obesity as search terms. Reference citations from publications reviewed were included.STUDY SELECTION ...
Lianidou E S - - 2013
Blood testing for circulating tumour cells (CTC) has emerged as one of the hottest fields in cancer research. CTC detection and enumeration can serve as a 'liquid biopsy' and an early marker of response to systemic therapy, whereas their molecular characterisation has a strong potential to be translated to individualised ...
Thompson Emily - - 2013
Liver transplant biopsies are routinely archived following formalin fixation and paraffin embedding and may provide an additional source of diagnostic information following transcriptomic biomarker analysis. This study was designed to compare gene transcription between resting and stressed biliary cells in culture, these cells after fixation and embedding and archival liver ...
Timeus Fabio - - 2013
Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by short stature, multiple dysmorphisms and congenital heart defects. A myeloproliferative disorder (NS/MPD), resembling juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), is occasionally diagnosed in infants with NS. In the present study, we performed a functional evaluation of the circulating hematopoietic progenitors in a ...
Munro A J - - 2013
Multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTs), also known as tumour boards or multidisciplinary case conferences, are an integral component of contemporary cancer care. There are logistical problems with setting up and maintaining participation in these meetings. An ill-defined concept, the virtual MDT (vMDT), has arisen in response to these difficulties. We have, ...
Berry Diane J DJ MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Seasonal variations in health outcomes are commonly used to hypothesize a link with nutritional vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D, 25(OH)D) status. The majority of vitamin D intake is from skin exposure to sunlight and varies seasonally in countries at a distance away from the Equator. However, despite the strong seasonality of ...
Er Ekrem Emrah EE Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) that controls cell proliferation, growth, survival, metabolism, and migration by activating the PI3K (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase)-AKT and ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase)-RSK (ribosomal S6 kinase) pathways. EGFR signaling to these pathways is temporally and spatially regulated. Endocytic trafficking controls the access ...
Lubas Michal M Centre for mRNP Biogenesis and Metabolism, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, - - 2013
Turnover of mRNA in the cytoplasm of human cells is thought to be redundantly conducted by the monomeric 5'-3' exoribonuclease hXRN1 and the 3'-5' exoribonucleolytic RNA exosome complex. However, in addition to the exosome-associated 3'-5' exonucleases hDIS3 and hDIS3L, the human genome encodes another RNase II/R domain protein-hDIS3L2. Here, we ...
Scheuermann Johanna C JC Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2013
Cardiogenesis in mammals requires exquisite control of gene expression and faulty regulation of transcriptional programs underpins congenital heart disease (CHD), the most common defect among live births. Similarly, many adult cardiac diseases involve transcriptional changes and sometimes have a developmental basis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a novel class of ...
Gallouzi Imed E IE Rosalind and Morris Goodman Cancer Center, Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. - - 2013
Regulated degradation plays a major role in determining the levels of both non-coding (miRNA) and coding (mRNA) transcripts. Thus, insights into the factors and pathways that influence this process have broad, interdisciplinary implications. New findings by Malecki et al (2013), Lubas et al (2013), and Chang et al (2013) identify ...
Heidrich Nadja N Institute for Molecular Infection Biology, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2013
A Cas protein from the CRISPR defence system against foreign DNA, also functions in endogenous gene regulation. Sampson et al (2013) have revealed that in pathogenic Francisella bacteria, the Cas9 protein guided by small RNAs represses the mRNA of a lipoprotein. This novel mechanism of post-transcriptional regulation enables the infecting ...
Pillai Resmi R Center for Hypertension and Personalized Medicine, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, Ohio, - - 2013
Interactions or epistasis between genetic factors may contribute to "missing heritability." While linkage analyses detect epistasis, defining the limits of the interacting segments poses a significant challenge especially when the interactions are between loci in close proximity. The goal of the present study was to isolate two such epistatic blood ...
Guyer Autumn Chandler - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The use of anticholinergic medications is well established as maintenance therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is a growing interest in the use of anticholinergic medications in the treatment of moderate to severe asthma. The purpose of this review is to summarize the scientific evidence ...
Rada Tommaso - - 2013
Cells constitute one of the fundamental components of any cartilage tissue engineering approach. Adipose tissue derived stem cells (ASCs) have a promising future considering the abundance of this tissue in the human body, ease of harness, and the high number of stem cells that can be isolated from small amounts ...
Ahluwalia Amrita - - 2013
In this article we review the role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in colon cancer growth and the underlying mechanisms. Angiogenesis, the growth of new capillary blood vessels in the body, is critical for tissue injury healing and cancer growth. In 1971, Judah Folkman proposed the concept that tumor ...
Chen Enfu - - 2013
This study reports the first death caused by a novel avian influenza A (H7N9) virus in Zhejiang Province, China. The patient had chronic hepatitis B and history of exposure to poultry. The patient initially complained of diarrhea and influenza-like symptoms on March 7 and 14 respectively. The disease progressed to ...
Choudhary Dhagla R - - 2013
Ondansetron, selective serotonin (5-HT3) receptor blocker, used in treating chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting in cancer patients. Mouth dissolving films containing ondansetron were developed to have better onset and patients compliances. The drug content of prepared films was within 85% -115%. The film were stable for 4 months when stored ...
Wanderer Jonathan P - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The allocation of intensive care unit (ICU) beds for postoperative patients is a challenging daily task that could be assisted by the real-time detection of ICU needs. The goal of this study was to develop and validate an intraoperative predictive model for unplanned postoperative ICU use. METHODS:: With the ...
Bundgaard-Nielsen Morten - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Early mobilization is important for postoperative recovery but is limited by orthostatic intolerance (OI) with a prevalence of 50% 6 h after major surgery. The pathophysiology of postoperative OI is assumed to include hypovolemia besides dysregulation of vasomotor tone. Stroke volume-guided fluid therapy, so-called goal-directed therapy (GDT), corrects functional ...
Boom Merel - - 2013
INTRODUCTION:: Integrating opioid risk and benefit into a single function may give a useful single measure of the opioid's positive and negative effects. An explorative study on the effects of fentanyl on antinociception and respiratory depression was performed to construct fentanyl risk-benefit (utility) functions. METHODS:: Twelve volunteers received a 3.5-μg/kg ...
Sun Yuan - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The regulation of gene expression in nociceptive pathways contributes to the induction and maintenance of pain sensitization. Histone acetylation is a key epigenetic mechanism controlling chromatin structure and gene expression. Chemokine CC motif receptor 2 (CXCR2) is a proinflammatory receptor implicated in neuropathic and inflammatory pain and is known ...
Bernstein Jonathan A - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to briefly discuss methods for classifying Nonallergic rhinitis (NAR), the current understanding of its immunopathogenesis, scientific evidence-based treatment options along with anecdotal clinical experience for selecting different treatment regimens for these challenging patients. RECENT FINDINGS: NAR also known as idiopathic rhinitis, ...
Choudhery Mahmood Saba - - 2013
MSCs can be isolated from adult sources such as bone marrow and adipose tissue. In contrast to these adult tissue sources, harvesting MSCs from cord tissue is a non-invasive procedure and poses no risk to the donor. Stem cell banks offer the opportunity to cryopreserve cord tissue as a source ...
Dylag Katarzyna - - 2013
A growing body of experimental and clinical evidence supports the hypothesis that the intestinal microbiota markedly influences function and the structure of the mucosal lining. Intestinal microbiota can potentially cause damage to the mucosa either directly by releasing toxins or indirectly by causing a detrimental immune response. Probiotic bacteria have ...
Sikiric Predrag - - 2013
We reviewed stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157-NO-system-relation, its close participation in Moncada's (maintained vascular integrity, platelets control) homeostatic healing response of NO-system to injury. Namely, BPC 157 particular healing effect also affects all events after vascular integrity loss (dependent on circumstances, it reduces either thrombosis (abdominal aorta anastomosis) or bleeding/thrombocytopenia ...
Xia Zuping - - 2013
3'-O-Retinoyl-5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (RFUdR) is a putative dual-acting, mutually-masking (DAMM) prodrug for the treatment of cancer. As part of the proof of principle for the DAMM concept, the concentrations of RFUdR and its post-hydrolysis active metabolites, 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FUdR) and all-trans-retinoic acid (RA), were determined in plasma and selected tissues following either bolus ...
Rostami-Charati Faramarz - - 2013
An efficient synthesis of 1,3-oxathiolan-2-yliden derivatives is described via a simple reactions between CH-acids, CS2 and oxiranes in the presence of triethylamine at 70°C in water as the solvent. The mild reaction conditions and high yields of the products exhibit the good synthetic advantage of this method.
Apisarnthanarak Anucha - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will focus on the epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) after extensive blackwater flooding as well as preventive measures. RECENT FINDINGS: There is evidence suggesting an increased incidence of HAIs and pseudo-outbreaks due to molds after extensive flooding in healthcare facilities. However, there is no strong ...
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