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Schimmöller L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The recent European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) guidelines for evaluation and reporting of prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) include the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS). The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-reader agreement of this scoring system. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four ...
van den Hoven Andor F - - 2013
Intra-arterial radioembolization with yttrium-90 microspheres is a safe and effective treatment option for patients with unresectable liver tumors. Pretreatment coil embolization of extrahepatic vessels is recommended to avoid extrahepatic deposition of radioactive microspheres. A novel infusion system with an expandable tip, the Surefire Infusion System (SIS), has recently been developed ...
Morais D S - - 2013
A novel hydrogel, based on an alginate/hyaluronate mixture and Ce(III) ions, with effective bioactive and antimicrobial ability was developed to be used as vehicle of a synthetic bone substitute producing an injectable substitute (IBS). Firstly, three different IBSs were prepared using three developed alginate-based hydrogels, the hydrogel Alg composed by ...
Mumbo John - - 2013
3-Chlorocarbazole, 3,6-dichlorocarbazole, dibromocarbazole, and 1,3,6,8-tetrabromocarbazole are emerging environmental contaminants which have been detected recently in water, sediment, and soil samples. However, their sources and occurrence have not been explained. Here, we report an enzymatic synthesis of bromo- and chlorocarbazoles by chloroperoxidase from Caldariomyces fumago in water. Density functional theory (DFT) ...
Sow Ai Yin - - 2013
The present study investigates the concentration of Pb, Cd, Ni, Zn, and Cu in the paddy field soils collected from Tumpat, Kelantan. Soil samples were treated with sequential extraction to distinguish the anthropogenic and lithogenic origin of Pb, Cd, Ni, Zn, and Cu. ELFE and oxidizable-organic fractions were detected as ...
Tamplin Andrea K - - 2013
Research in narrative comprehension has repeatedly shown that when people read about characters moving in well-known environments, the accessibility of object information follows a spatial gradient. That is, the accessibility of objects is best when they are in the same room as the protagonist, and it becomes worse the farther ...
Sockalingam Sanjeev - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Attendance at bariatric surgery follow-up appointments has been associated with bariatric surgery outcomes. In this prospective study, we sought to examine psychosocial predictors of attendance at post-operative follow-up appointments. METHODS: Consecutive bariatric surgery patients (n = 132) were assessed pre-surgery for demographic variables, depressive symptoms, and relationship style. Patients were followed ...
Pompili Maurizio - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal behavior is a major public health problem worldwide, and its prediction and prevention represent a challenge for everyone, including clinicians. The aim of the present paper is to provide a systematic review of the existing literature on the epidemiology of completed suicides in adult patients with bipolar disorder ...
Musaiger Abdulrahman O - - 2013
Summary Mass media play an important role in changing body image. This study aimed to determine the role of media (magazines and television) in body weight concern among university females in five Arab countries. A total sample of 1134 female university students was selected at convenience from universities in five ...
Manders Willeke A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine whether psychopathic traits act as a predictor and/or moderator of the effectiveness of Multisystemic Therapy (MST). METHOD: The sample included N = 256 adolescents (188 boys and 68 girls) referred for conduct problems, randomized to MST or Treatment As Usual (TAU). The ...
Bouwman R W - - 2013
The recent introduction of digital breast tomosynthesis into clinical practice requires quality control procedures. In this study we have investigated whether the assessment of the average glandular dose for modelled standard breasts can be performed using a combination of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and polyethylene (PE) slabs that matches standard breast ...
Terentyev D - - 2013
The understanding of radiation-induced strengthening in ferritic FeCr-based steels remains an essential issue in the assessment of materials for fusion and fission reactors. Both early and recent experimental works on Fe-Cr alloys reveal Cr segregation on radiation-induced nanostructural features (mainly dislocation loops), whose impact on the modification of the mechanical ...
Liu Ake - - 2013
Helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins play essential regulatory roles in a variety of biological processes. These highly conserved proteins form a large transcription factor superfamily, and are commonly identified in large numbers within animal, plant, and fungal genomes. The bHLH domain has been well studied in many animal species, but has not ...
Riva N - - 2013
The term unusual site venous thrombosis defines uncommon clinical manifestations of venous thromboembolism occurring in sites different from the lower limbs or the lungs, with peculiar pathophysiological features and clinical history. Information on long-term outcomes of unusual site thrombosis is generally scant, because most studies are small and usually retrospective. ...
Fujiki Hirota - - 2013
PURPOSE: The classic two-stage chemical carcinogenesis in rodents is not directly linked to multistage carcinogenesis in humans. In light of our findings that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is an endogenous tumor promoter and that TNF-α-inducing protein (Tipα) of Helicobacter pylori stimulates progression of cancer and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, we think it ...
Zhong Wenjun - - 2013
Dormancy is one of the most important adaptive mechanisms developed by perennial plants. To reveal the comprehensive mechanism of seasonal bud dormancy at four critical stages in Japanese apricot (Prunus persica), we applied Illumina sequencing to study differentially expressed genes (DEGs) at the transcriptional level. As a result, 19,759, 16,375, ...
Hwang Su Yeon - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic facet joint steroid injections for symptoms caused by lumbar spinal stenosis in patients who are at risk of bleeding. METHODS: We analysed 134 patients who had previously undergone one-level bilateral facet joint steroid injections for lumbar radiculopathy caused by spinal stenosis from January ...
Dohan Anthony - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine the incidence of arterial pseudoaneurysm in patients presenting with postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), to analyze the angiographic characteristics of pseudoaneurysms that cause PPH, and to evaluate the effectiveness of pelvic arterial embolization for the treatment of this condition. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen women with pelvic ...
Schnuerch Robert - - 2013
Temporal orienting-that is, selective attention to instants in time-has been shown to modulate performance in terms of faster responses in a variety of paradigms. Electrophysiological recordings have shown that temporal orienting modulates neural processing at early, probably perceptual, and late, probably decision- or response-related, stages. Recently, it was shown that ...
Zhang Guozhen - - 2013
Cordyceps militaris is a heterothallic ascomycetous fungus that has been cultivated as a medicinal mushroom. This study was conducted to improve fruiting body production by PCR assessment. Based on single-ascospore isolates selected from wild and cultivated populations, the conserved sequences of α-BOX in MAT1-1 and HMG-BOX in MAT1-2 were used ...
Mula Marco - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The standardized mortality ratio for suicide in people with epilepsy is reported as 5.1 [95% confidence interval (CI): 3.9-6.6], but this is only partially explained by the high rates of psychiatric comorbidity. This issue was revived when, in 2008, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an alert on ...
Mukherjee Prajna - - 2013
We have carried out density functional theory based calculations for understanding the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of pristine and transition metal (TM) doped ZnTe nanowires. Pristine ZnTe nanowires (NWs) turn out to be semiconducting in nature, with the band gap varying with the diameter of the NWs. In Mn-doped ...
Kohagura Kentaro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia (hTG) is a risk factor for progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, it remains unknown whether the adipocytokine complement component 3 (C3) is involved in the association between hTG and CKD. METHODS: The study included 138 patients (54 % male) with non-nephrotic (serum albumin ≥3 g/dl) CKD who had ...
Boland Joseph F - - 2013
We assessed the performance of the new Life Technologies Proton sequencer by comparing whole-exome sequence data in a Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain trio (family 1463) to the Illumina HiSeq instrument. To simulate a typical user's results, we utilized the standard capture, alignment and variant calling methods specific to each ...
Liu Liang - - 2013
Pollen acts as a biological protector for protecting male sperm from various harsh conditions and is covered by an outer cell wall polymer called the exine, a major constituent of which is sporopollenin. The tapetum is in direct contact with the developing gametophytes and plays an essential role in pollen ...
Gavrel Gildas - - 2013
This chapter aims to present recent examples of supramolecular functionalization of carbon nanotubes. The non-covalent functionalization appears as a solution for the future applications in nanotechnologies since it allows the functionalization and manipulation of nanotubes without the introduction of sp (3) defects in the π-conjugated system. Thus, the optical and ...
de Morree Helma M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Locomotor muscle fatigue impairs exercise performance during time to exhaustion tests. However, its effect on self-regulation of power output (pacing) is unknown. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of locomotor muscle fatigue on pacing and time trial performance. METHODS: Ten healthy recreationally active men ...
Michel-Reher Martina B - - 2013
β3-Adrenoceptors are resistant to agonist-induced desensitization in some cell types but susceptible in others including transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells. Therefore, we have studied cellular and molecular changes involved in agonist-induced β3-adrenoceptor desensitization in HEK cells. Cells were treated with isoprenaline or forskolin, and following wash-out, cyclic adenosine monophosphate ...
Rosenkrantz Andrew B - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of prostate computed diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) on image quality and tumour detection. METHODS: Forty-nine patients underwent 3-T magnetic resonance imaging using a pelvic phased-array coil before prostatectomy, including DWI with b values of 50 and 1,000 s/mm(2). Computed DW images with b value 1,500 s/mm(2) were generated ...
Thomsen Mette M Department of Clinical Biochemistry and the Copenhagen General Population Study, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Herlev, - - 2013
Exacerbations of respiratory symptoms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have profound and long-lasting adverse effects on patients. To test the hypothesis that elevated levels of inflammatory biomarkers in individuals with stable COPD are associated with an increased risk of having exacerbations. Prospective cohort study examining 61,650 participants with spirometry ...
Chhangani Deepak - - 2013
Impairment in the elimination of misfolded proteins generates cellular toxicity and leads to various late-onset neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanisms by which cells recognize abnormal cellular proteins for selective clearance remain unknown. Lack of the mahogunin ring finger-1 (MGRN1) E3 ubiquitin ligase in mice causes the development of age-dependent spongiform ...
Seneviratne Chamindi C Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia, 1670 Discovery Drive, Charlottesville, VA, 22911, - - 2013
On the basis of the converging evidence showing regulation of drinking behavior by 5-HT3AB receptors and the serotonin transporter, we hypothesized that the interactive effects of genetic variations in the genes HTR3A, HTR3B, and SLC6A4 confer greater susceptibility to alcohol dependence (AD) than do their effects individually. We examined the ...
Laceulle Odilia M - - 2013
The current study investigated the longitudinal, reciprocal associations between stressful events and psychological difficulties from early childhood to mid-adolescence. Child age, sex, prenatal maternal anxiety, and difficult temperament were tested as sources of sensitivity, that is, factors that may make children more sensitive to stressful life events. Analyses were based ...
Vercelino Rafael - - 2013
New approaches based on topical treatments are needed for treating pain and impaired dermal blood flow. We used a topical Pluronic F127 hydrogel containing S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) as a prodrug to generate free NO, an effector molecule that exerts both dermal vasodilation and antinociceptive effects. GSNO-containing hydrogels underwent gelation above 12 °C ...
Singh Jiwan - - 2013
Vermicomposting of water hyacinth is a good alternative for the treatment of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and subsequentially, beneficial for agriculture purposes. The bioavailability and leachability of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe, Ni, Pb, Cd, and Cr) were evaluated during vermicomposting of E. crassipes employing Eisenia fetida earthworm. Five ...
Guillot Mathieu - - 2013
The purposes of this work are to assess the performance of a 2D plastic scintillation detectors array prototype for quality assurance in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and to determine its sensitivity and specificity to positioning errors of one multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf and one MLC leaf bank by applying the ...
Cabreira Caroline - - 2013
The Lesion Simulating Disease (LSD) genes encode a family of zinc finger proteins that are reported to play an important role in the hypersensitive response and programmed cell death (PCD) that are caused by biotic and abiotic stresses. In the present study, 117 putative LSD family members were identified in ...
Mohan Prasoon P - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is national-level comparison of the endovascular (EVAR) and open repair (OAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in the United States from 2001 to 2010. METHODS: The data were obtained from nationwide inpatient sample from the Department of Health and Human Services. Ruptured AAA ...
Flierl Michael A - - 2013
Total knee arthroplasty represents a well-established and successful procedure; however, ligament incompetence is known to negatively affect surgical outcomes. Here we present an unusual case of early total knee arthroplasty failure secondary to femoral posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion and associated lateral collateral ligament (LCL) tear, treated successfully with primary ...
Nishikawa Masaki - - 2013
Successful derivations of specific neuronal and glial cells from embryonic stem cells have enormous potential for cell therapies and regenerative medicine. However, the low efficiency, the complexity of induction method, and the need for purification represent obstacles that make their application impractical. In this study, we found that PDGFRα(+) cells ...
Sharma Sumit - - 2013
In this study, a natural adsorbent (activated dry flowers (ADF)) was prepared from plant-derived waste biomass by chemical activation and employed for chromium (VI) removal from aqueous medium using experimental batch technique. Experiments were carried out as function of adsorbent dosage, pH, and contact time. The maximum chromium (Vl) removal ...
Kaptaner Burak - - 2013
In the present study, the testis histology, gonadosomatic index (GSI), germ cell proliferation and apoptosis, and the plasma 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) and testosterone (T) levels of male Chalcalburnus tarichi were analyzed. According to the histological examinations of the specimens that were caught between February 2009 and January 2010, three testicular stages ...
Tanweer F - - 2013
Background: Nasolacrimal duct tumours are rare and are often found inadvertently during dacryocystorhinostomy. Anecdotal case reports have been published, mostly in ophthalmology journals. Since the era of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, such cases are more frequently encountered by ENT surgeons. Method: This paper reports a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent ...
Takagi Yuki - - 2013
For the study of Candida albicans genotypes involved in development of candidiasis, Candida albicans isolates were collected from healthy volunteers and patients with oral candidiasis and genotyped on the basis of 25S rDNA and microsatellite polymorphisms. In the microsatellite analysis using two microsatellite markers (CDC3 and CAI), 63 healthy volunteer ...
Kodet Ondřej - - 2013
Malignant melanoma is a highly aggressive tumor with increasing incidence and high mortality. The importance of immunohistochemistry in diagnosis of the primary tumor and in early identification of metastases in lymphatic nodes is enormous; however melanoma phenotype is frequently variable and thus several markers must be employed simultaneously. The purposes ...
Zhao X-D - - 2013
AIM: A growing body of evidence indicates that the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2-antioxidant response element (Nrf2-ARE) pathway plays a protective role in many physiological stress processes such as inflammatory damage, oxidative stress, and the accumulation of toxic metabolites, which are all involved in the cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid ...
Gerber Jeffrey S JS Division of Infectious Diseases, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market St, Ste 1518, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
Antimicrobial stewardship programs have been effective for inpatients, often through prescribing audit and feedback. However, most antimicrobial use occurs in outpatients with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs). To evaluate the effect of an antimicrobial stewardship intervention on antibiotic prescribing for pediatric outpatients. Cluster randomized trial of outpatient antimicrobial stewardship comparing ...
Ng Yee-Yung - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although vascular access conversions to arteriovenous fistula (AVF)/arteriovenous graft (AVG) in incident and maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients are reported to be associated with lower mortality and infection risk, it is unclear whether these effects are limited to the first year. The aims of this historical cohort study were to ...
Nestel Paul J - - 2013
The association between consumption of full-fat dairy foods and CVD may depend partly on the nature of products and may not apply to low-fat dairy foods. Increased circulating levels of inflammatory biomarkers after consumption of dairy product-rich meals suggest an association with CVD. In the present study, we tested the ...
Hamahata Atsumori - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Various studies have indicated a worldwide increase in the number of immediate breast reconstruction surgeries. However, breast reconstruction should not delay or prevent postoperative cancer therapeutics such as adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In response to these developments, our team researched the impact of immediate breast reconstruction on postoperative adjuvant ...
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