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Jin Hong Kim - - 2013
Neuromuscular training protocols that plyometrics, dynamic balance exercises, agility training, etc, can significantly improve biomechanics and neuromuscular performance and reduce anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk in athletes.(1 2) OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 6weeks TDS Jump training on muscle reaction time after ...
Artegiani Benedetta - - 2013
Generation of transgenic mice, in utero electroporation and viral injection are common approaches to manipulate gene expression during embryonic development of the mammalian brain. While very powerful in many contexts, these approaches are each characterized by their own limitations: namely, that generation of transgenic mice is time-consuming and electroporation only ...
Same-Siahkalroodi L - - 2013
We have studied prohibited methods and substances in athletes of fitness at 2011-2012. This study aimed to determine the relations between cognitive variables (self-efficacy, locus of Control, and dysfunctional attitudes) and psychological factors towards prohibited methods and substances in fitness. 300 subjects investigated that comprised a case group of drug ...
Arnold Markus - - 2013
Not much is known about biologic reactions at ACL graft insertion sites. SPECT/CT is a hybrid imaging modality, which combines a 3D single photon emission computed tomography and a conventional computerized tomography. It allows accurate anatomical localization of metabolic tracer activity and allows therefore the correlation of surgical factors such ...
Hochgreb-Hägele Tatiana T Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Programs in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Genetics and Human Genetics, Liver Center and Diabetes Center, Institute for Regeneration Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. - - 2013
Visceral organs, including the liver and pancreas, adopt asymmetric positions to ensure proper function. Yet the molecular and cellular mechanisms controlling organ laterality are not well understood. We identified a mutation affecting zebrafish laminin β1a (lamb1a) that disrupts left-right asymmetry of the liver and pancreas. In these mutants, the liver ...
Zeman Tomás - - 2013
For football referees supervision of a match means significant mental burden. Referees experience higher level of anxiety and fear(1) which are typical manifestations of negative pre-match states.(2) As a result of a completed match levels of components of depression and exhaustion increase.(1) Our goal was to verify the correlation between ...
Malliaropoulos Nikolaos - - 2013
Lateral ankle sprains account for 15% to 45% of all sports related injuries. Although often considered minor, they can lead to persistent disability in athletes and long term complications. Over the last decade, several studies have provided the opportunity to develop novel therapeutic strategies. Range of Motion is an important ...
Ghrairi Mourad - - 2013
Numerous research studies examined muscles strength among professional football players worldwide. However, little or no research studies exist on this issue with relation to Arabian Gulf players. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide reference data for peak isokinetic muscle strength and ratio of hamstring and quadriceps in ...
Hirschmann Michael Tobias - - 2013
SPECT/CT could be used to evaluate the in vivo loading pattern of the patellofemoral joint before and after realignment surgery. The purpose of this study is to investigate, whether the patella position (height and tilt) influences the intensity values as well as the distribution pattern of SPECT/CT tracer uptake in ...
Chalder Melanie - - 2013
Does facilitated physical activity provide an effective treatment for adults with depression presenting in primary care? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although trial participants receiving the physical activity intervention in addition to usual care reported increased physical activity compared with those receiving usual care alone, there was no evidence to suggest that the ...
Syrmos N - - 2013
Radiological evaluation is very important in spinal trauma patients, specially during sport activity. Aim of this study was to analyze the type of sport activity, the timing of injury, the radiological evaluation and the role of X-Ray, CT and MRI findings in 40 patients with spinal trauma during sport activities ...
Gudas Rimtautas - - 2013
RESEARCH BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Overhead athletes are having higher risk to suffer from acute and chronic shoulder injuries. RESEARCH AIM: to evaluate shoulder complex functional characteristics of the overhead and non-overhead young athletes before and 2 years after the concomitant arthroscopic type II superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) and partial-thickness ...
Tsoumpos Pantelis - - 2013
Cervical whiplash syndrome, or hyperextension-hyperflexion injury, is a common traumatic injury in sports activities. The mechanisms of injury that cause cervical whiplash syndrome vary, but they may be sufficient enough to cause chronic whiplash syndrome. Over 150 injuries were recorded in sports in our Orthopaedic Departments between the years of ...
Matias Paula - - 2013
Aquatic programs have gained popularity in therapy programs for a number of diseases or physical conditions. However, evidences about the effect of such programs on posture remain scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a 12-wks aquatic program on body posture and balance of sedentary ...
Kulmala Juha-Pekka - - 2013
BACKROUND: It is expected that every second runner has a running-related overuse injury each year. The knee joint and Achilles tendon are the most commonly injured sites covering both about one fifth of all running related injuries.(1) Runners can be categorized into rearfoot strikers, mid-foot strikers or forefoot strikers based ...
Ruzza Marucci - - 2013
Describe patterns of ultrasound and elastography in patellar and achilles tendons in a population of young footballers, jumpers and sprinters. We studied 48 athletes (7 female and 41 male) aged between 15 and 26 years; 24 of them are from a youth soccer team in the national first division and ...
Fata Bahar B Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, - - 2013
Delineating the normal postnatal development of the pulmonary artery (PA) and ascending aorta (AA) can inform our understanding of congenital abnormalities, as well as pulmonary and systolic hypertension. We thus conducted the following study to delineate the PA and AA postnatal growth deformation characteristics in an ovine model. MR images ...
Azar Meital - - 2013
In adult cancer patients, physical activity (PA) and fitness have been repeatedly shown to correlate with, and improve, many mental and physical measures including decreased cancer recurrence and mortality. Childhood cancer survivors are at an increased risk of many medical and psychosocial conditions in adulthood, including low bone density, obesity, ...
Testa Enrique Adrian - - 2013
Trochleoplasty and reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) are the most commonly used surgical treatment in patients with patellofemoral instability. Although there is an increasing number of publications dealing with treatment of patellofemoral instability, the clinical evidence about outcomes and in particular the question when to use which method ...
Baliotis Konstantinos - - 2013
Chronic pain can lead the subjective emotional pain response of an individual and has the potential to interplay with emotions at a cognitive level such as internal or external shame. The present study examined the relationship of internal and external shame with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and the differences ...
Ferrer A - - 2013
Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK BACKGROUND: Rotational instability due to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency or reconstruction remains an essential issue of this pathology. Despite knee rotation is verified in the transverse plane, few ...
Rodríguez-Ruiz David - - 2013
OBJETIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a physical activity (PA) program and subsequent detraining on the contractile capacity of the Vastus Lateralis (VL) and Biceps Femoris (BF) in patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease (AD). A total of 37 subjects were divided in: the intervention ...
Schiffer G - - 2013
The objective is to compare the effectiveness of two different methods of administering injection, ultrasound guided versus palpation guided, for the treatment of Morton's Neuroma. This is a retrospective review of patients who have had corticosteroid-injections as part of their treatment for Morton's Neuroma. A postal-questionnaire using a modified Foot ...
Valverde-Esteve Teresa - - 2013
High volumes of work affect the movement technical quality, reducing the muscular capacity to develop high magnitudes of force. One of the most important parameters that we can use to regulate the training loads are the inter-repetition rests (IRR). The purpose of this study was to compare the Peak Power ...
Malliaropoulos Nikos - - 2013
Hamstring muscle injuries are notoriously found among the most common causes of abstinence and delayed return to sport, in a variety of track, field and other high level athletes. In this respect we present our experience of conservative treatment of total proximal, non-avulsed hamstring rupture in high-level track, field and ...
Hoseong Lee - - 2013
Although surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is commonly performed to increase stability of the knee, persistent changes in neuromuscular function has frequently been cited as contributing to disability.(1 2) OBJECTIVE: This study investigated neuromuscular function (premotor reaction time, reproductive angle inaccuracy and jump ability) in a sample ...
Oliva Francesco - - 2013
Thyroid hormones (THs), T3 and T4, play an essential role in the development and metabolism of many tissues and organs, and have profound metabolic effects in adult life. Thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) seem to be ubiquitous, but, to our knowledge, their presence in tenocytes has not been investigated. We therefore ...
Maly Tomas - - 2013
Monitoring of physical fitness characteristics in very young players could be helpful for the selection of talented youth or identification of the strengths and weaknesses in motor predispositions for physical performance. Muscular strength tested on an isokinetic dynamometer belongs to the most widely used methods of the identification of knee ...
Kanniyan A S - - 2013
Complex training is a workout comprising of resistance exercise followed by a matched plyometric exercise whereas Contrast training is a set of heavy resistance repetitions followed immediately by an unloaded, explosive exercise utilizing the same movement pattern (www.pponline.co.uk). There are different viewpoints on the effects of complex and contrast training ...
Scheer Bernd Volker - - 2013
Ultramarathon races have gained popularity in recent years and test the limits of human endurance. Dietary supplements are widely used, and athletes may attempt to gain a performance advantage through replenishment of real or perceived deficiencies. We conducted a prospective survey study gathering data on prevalence, types and reasons for ...
Akhtar Muhammad Adeel - - 2013
Tibial shaft fracture is a common sports injury in young athletic population. Open fractures can result in significant morbidity. Our aim was to study the epidemiology, severity and soft tissue coverage of sports related open tibial shaft fractures in the southeast of Scotland over the last 22 years. We identified ...
Ibrahim S - - 2013
The trends in Athletic Performance, skilled techniques, standards and records has drastically transformed with elite athletes reaching levels which are mind blowing. This is the net result of new innovate track equipment, methods and scientific training and coaching. The inherent ability of individuals predominantly differs and has to be channelized ...
Keramaris Nikolaos - - 2013
The effect of physical exercise on bone metabolism has been thoroughly discussed and a positive correlation between physical exercise and Bone Mineral Density (BMD) has been established. At the one hand many issues have not been entirely clarified: the impact of exercise on biochemical (especially novel like RANK/RANKL/OPG) markers of ...
Embaby Eman - - 2013
Occupational standing is associated with low back pain (LBP) development. Yet, trunk and gluteus-medius muscles' fatigability has not been extensively studied during occupational standing. This study examined and correlated the rectus abdominus (RA), erector-spinae (ES), external oblique (EO), and gluteus-medius (GM) muscles' fatigability on both sides while standing in a ...
Sousa Nelson - - 2013
Physical fitness is an important indicator of health and quality of life in all population groups, and particularly in institutionalized elderly. In contrast, increased fat mass is associated with poor physical fitness and an increase in cardiovascular risk. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two ...
Abbasalipour Masoud - - 2013
In this study, we investigated the effects of glutamine and creatine supplements and proper nutrition on hand grip strength and agility of athletes. The samples for this study included 28 elite wrestlers of Mazandaran province, Iran aged 18 to 25 years old. They were randomly divided into four groups. Proper ...
Domingues Marcio - - 2013
Sport and more specifically football is an important asset in youth lives. Much has been written regarding functional capacities and dimensions in pre-adolescence and adolescence but there's a consistent lack of information concerning the ages of 6-10 years of age. Biological factors, such as body size and maturity status, have ...
Wearing Scott - - 2013
This study evaluated the time course of recovery of transverse strain in the Achilles and patellar tendons following a bout of resistance exercise. Seventeen healthy adults underwent sonographic examination of the right patellar (n=9) or Achilles (n=8) tendons immediately prior to and following 90 repetitions of weight-bearing exercise. Quadriceps and ...
Ludwig Oliver - - 2013
Sensori-motor insoles are supposed to influence muscle activity of the ankle stabilizing muscles during stance phase of human gait by imposing pressure upon tendon structures. For this purpose, specially shaped elements are integrated in the insoles. In particular, activation of m. peroneus longus as a main pronator of the foot ...
Bäcker Henrik - - 2013
Wakeboarding is a common water sport which may cause serious injuries. Especially joints are affected like anterior cruciate ligament tears, shoulder dislocations or sprained ankles and have frequently been described. In contrast, because of the largeness, length and strength of the femur, femoral shaft fractures are mainly caused by high-energy ...
Landkammer Yvonne - - 2013
Lumbal spinal stenosis causes back pain spreading as far as the legs and thereby constrains the activities of daily living. By walking in a flexed position patients try to extend the foramina intervertebralia. Claudicatio intermittens/ spinalis forces them to stop walking and sit down, because of pain, parasthesias or paresis.(1) ...
Johnson David - - 2013
Athletes and weekend warriors alike periodically suffer from musculoskeletal injuries resulting in loss of training time and in some cases, missed competitions. Even everyday training produces micro-trauma and has its own recovery demands. Review paper. This presentation will focus on evidence-based usage of particular nutrients on the various phases of ...
Ghoseiri Kamiar - - 2013
Craniomaxillofacial traumas are of the most common sport related injuries. The most common sport related facial traumas are soft tissue injuries and bone fractures primarily due to impact of other players especially in team games. A rehabilitative sport related orthosis, could protect the injured site and help earlier return of ...
Kazaki Menia - - 2013
It is since the mid 80's that exercise and various forms of physical activity have been receiving both gradual interest and growth in the modern world as accumulating data have been demonstrating their relation to the prevention of and rehabilitation from several health conditions. In addition, the concern of establishing ...
Kakoura Eleni - - 2013
Healthy ageing is accompanied by cognitive and functional deficits which result in decreased ability to respond quickly and accurately to different stimuli. Whilst a general decline is observed in manual dexterity and hand motor function of older adults affecting their daily life, learning ability is almost completely intact. NIBS techniques ...
Voborny Jirí - - 2013
For football referees supervision of a match means significant mental burden. During the match they have to deal with many disputable moments. Their decisions can evoke negative emotions both in players and spectators. Referees often cannot cope with such a burden and leave the match depressed.(1) The main goal of ...
Zahalka Frantisek - - 2013
A vertical jump is one of essential motor skills in many sports (Vanezis & Lees, 2005). Monitoring and description of vertical jumps is based on both external movement structure and explosive strength of lower limbs as a basic driving impulse for its performance. Explosive strength is one of the most ...
Testa Enrique Adrian - - 2013
Twenty to forty percent of patients after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are not satisfied. A considerable number report persistent or recurrent pain. As most common causes infection, aseptic loosening, instability, malposition of the TKA, arthrofibrosis and patellofemoral problems have been reported. However, in many cases after TKA the cause ...
Hernández Suárez María - - 2013
It's well established that by the age of 13, children are capable of applying a postural strategy looking very similar to that adopted by the adults. It's also widely acknowledgment that several years of sport training and competition implies to master stability, particularly in those sports requiring fine postural control, ...
Svoboda Zdenek - - 2013
Chronic spinal disc disease leads to disorders in postural movement coordination and deteriorates postural stability.(1) Recent studies suggest that subjects with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) develop visual compensation mechanisms for underlying sensory-motor deficits. In subjects with unilateral disease, using two separate force plates, enable the balance evaluation of each limb. ...
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