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Nishikawa Masaki - - 2013
Successful derivations of specific neuronal and glial cells from embryonic stem cells have enormous potential for cell therapies and regenerative medicine. However, the low efficiency, the complexity of induction method, and the need for purification represent obstacles that make their application impractical. In this study, we found that PDGFRα(+) cells ...
Yanykin D V - - 2013
It has been shown that removal of manganese from the water-oxidizing complex (WOC) of photosystem II (PSII) leads to flash-induced oxygen consumption (FIOC) which is activated by low concentration of Mn(2+) (Yanykin et al., Biochim Biophys Acta 1797:516-523, 2010). In the present work, we examined the effect of transition and ...
Karabulut Sedat - - 2013
Glucopyranose is the most stable form of glucose in solution. Identification of molecular structure of glucopyranose is very important because of its biological and synthetic significance; it is not an easy task because of the large number of possible configurations. Relative energies of exocyclic hydroxymethyl rotamers and α-β anomers of ...
Hamahata Atsumori - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Various studies have indicated a worldwide increase in the number of immediate breast reconstruction surgeries. However, breast reconstruction should not delay or prevent postoperative cancer therapeutics such as adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In response to these developments, our team researched the impact of immediate breast reconstruction on postoperative adjuvant ...
Kaptaner Burak - - 2013
In the present study, the testis histology, gonadosomatic index (GSI), germ cell proliferation and apoptosis, and the plasma 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) and testosterone (T) levels of male Chalcalburnus tarichi were analyzed. According to the histological examinations of the specimens that were caught between February 2009 and January 2010, three testicular stages ...
Zhong Wenjun - - 2013
Dormancy is one of the most important adaptive mechanisms developed by perennial plants. To reveal the comprehensive mechanism of seasonal bud dormancy at four critical stages in Japanese apricot (Prunus persica), we applied Illumina sequencing to study differentially expressed genes (DEGs) at the transcriptional level. As a result, 19,759, 16,375, ...
Liu Liang - - 2013
Pollen acts as a biological protector for protecting male sperm from various harsh conditions and is covered by an outer cell wall polymer called the exine, a major constituent of which is sporopollenin. The tapetum is in direct contact with the developing gametophytes and plays an essential role in pollen ...
Kopp Radovan - - 2013
The aim of this study is to summarise the determination of concentrations of microcystins (MCs) in muscle and liver of freshwater fish species caught in stagnant waters of the Czech Republic. Within the years 2007-2009, 351 muscle samples and 291 liver samples of 16 freshwater fish species derived from four ...
Tanweer F - - 2013
Background: Nasolacrimal duct tumours are rare and are often found inadvertently during dacryocystorhinostomy. Anecdotal case reports have been published, mostly in ophthalmology journals. Since the era of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, such cases are more frequently encountered by ENT surgeons. Method: This paper reports a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent ...
Zhao X-D - - 2013
AIM: A growing body of evidence indicates that the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2-antioxidant response element (Nrf2-ARE) pathway plays a protective role in many physiological stress processes such as inflammatory damage, oxidative stress, and the accumulation of toxic metabolites, which are all involved in the cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid ...
Mohan Prasoon P - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is national-level comparison of the endovascular (EVAR) and open repair (OAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in the United States from 2001 to 2010. METHODS: The data were obtained from nationwide inpatient sample from the Department of Health and Human Services. Ruptured AAA ...
Park Sook Kyung - - 2013
Neurons in the main olfactory bulb relay peripheral odorant signals to the anterior piriform cortex (aPir), whereas neurons of the accessory olfactory bulb relay pheromone signals to the medial amygdala (MeA), suggesting that they belong to two functionally distinct systems. To help understand how odorant and pheromone signals are further ...
Qiu Z - - 2013
Intermittent treatment with high-dose parathyroid hormone (PTH) enhances the quantity and quality of the fusion callus and reduces healing time of posterolateral spinal fusion with autologous iliac bone grafts in ovariectomized osteoporotic female Sprague-Dawley rats. Intermittent PTH (1-34) could be an appropriate adjunctive therapy for osteoporotic patients undergoing posterolateral intertransverse ...
Ma Bin - - 2013
An integrated view of bacterial and archaeal diversity in saline soil habitats is essential for understanding the biological and ecological processes and exploiting potential of microbial resources from such environments. This study examined the collective bacterial and archaeal diversity in saline soils using a meta-analysis approach. All available 16S rDNA ...
Kohagura Kentaro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia (hTG) is a risk factor for progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, it remains unknown whether the adipocytokine complement component 3 (C3) is involved in the association between hTG and CKD. METHODS: The study included 138 patients (54 % male) with non-nephrotic (serum albumin ≥3 g/dl) CKD who had ...
Ng Yee-Yung - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although vascular access conversions to arteriovenous fistula (AVF)/arteriovenous graft (AVG) in incident and maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients are reported to be associated with lower mortality and infection risk, it is unclear whether these effects are limited to the first year. The aims of this historical cohort study were to ...
Wood Greg - - 2013
The present study extended recent research revealing that illusions can influence performance in golf putting (Witt, Linkenauger, & Proffitt Psychological Science, 23, 397-399, 2012), by exploring the potential mediating roles of attention and action planning. Glover and Dixon's (Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 27, 560-572, 2001) planning-control ...
Mula Marco - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The standardized mortality ratio for suicide in people with epilepsy is reported as 5.1 [95% confidence interval (CI): 3.9-6.6], but this is only partially explained by the high rates of psychiatric comorbidity. This issue was revived when, in 2008, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an alert on ...
Schimmöller L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The recent European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) guidelines for evaluation and reporting of prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) include the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS). The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-reader agreement of this scoring system. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four ...
Hwang Su Yeon - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic facet joint steroid injections for symptoms caused by lumbar spinal stenosis in patients who are at risk of bleeding. METHODS: We analysed 134 patients who had previously undergone one-level bilateral facet joint steroid injections for lumbar radiculopathy caused by spinal stenosis from January ...
Wang Jiazhou - - 2013
The goal of this work is to develop a plan-quality evaluation program for clinical routine and multi-institutional clinical trials so that the overall evaluation efficiency is improved. In multi-institutional clinical trials evaluating the plan quality is a time-consuming and labor-intensive process. In this note, we present a semi-automated plan-quality evaluation ...
Manders Willeke A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine whether psychopathic traits act as a predictor and/or moderator of the effectiveness of Multisystemic Therapy (MST). METHOD: The sample included N = 256 adolescents (188 boys and 68 girls) referred for conduct problems, randomized to MST or Treatment As Usual (TAU). The ...
Fujiki Hirota - - 2013
PURPOSE: The classic two-stage chemical carcinogenesis in rodents is not directly linked to multistage carcinogenesis in humans. In light of our findings that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is an endogenous tumor promoter and that TNF-α-inducing protein (Tipα) of Helicobacter pylori stimulates progression of cancer and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, we think it ...
Fukazawa Mitsuharu - - 2013
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening syndrome characterized by fever, cytopenias, hepatosplenomegaly, and coagulopathy with the background of hypercytokinemia. Early diagnosis and etoposide therapy are not established for affected newborns. An afebrile infant suffered from apnea 4 days after birth, showing leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy, and cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis. Serum levels ...
Flierl Michael A - - 2013
Total knee arthroplasty represents a well-established and successful procedure; however, ligament incompetence is known to negatively affect surgical outcomes. Here we present an unusual case of early total knee arthroplasty failure secondary to femoral posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion and associated lateral collateral ligament (LCL) tear, treated successfully with primary ...
Takagi Yuki - - 2013
For the study of Candida albicans genotypes involved in development of candidiasis, Candida albicans isolates were collected from healthy volunteers and patients with oral candidiasis and genotyped on the basis of 25S rDNA and microsatellite polymorphisms. In the microsatellite analysis using two microsatellite markers (CDC3 and CAI), 63 healthy volunteer ...
Chan Matthew H T - - 2013
This paper uses a reaction-diffusion approach to examine the dynamics in the spread of a Wolbachia infection within a population of mosquitoes in a homogeneous environment. The formulated model builds upon an earlier model by Skalski and Gilliam (Am. Nat. 161(3):441-458, 2003), which incorporates a slow and fast dispersal mode. ...
Gavrel Gildas - - 2013
This chapter aims to present recent examples of supramolecular functionalization of carbon nanotubes. The non-covalent functionalization appears as a solution for the future applications in nanotechnologies since it allows the functionalization and manipulation of nanotubes without the introduction of sp (3) defects in the π-conjugated system. Thus, the optical and ...
Sharma Piyush Sindhu - - 2013
Graphene, a new member of the carbon family, has attracted enormous attention due to its very peculiar properties like high surface area, mechanical strength, and conductivity. Moreover, graphene is exceptionally biocompatible if used as a substrate for immobilization of enzymes, bioreceptor molecules, or whole cells. Although it was isolated on ...
Sharma Sumit - - 2013
In this study, a natural adsorbent (activated dry flowers (ADF)) was prepared from plant-derived waste biomass by chemical activation and employed for chromium (VI) removal from aqueous medium using experimental batch technique. Experiments were carried out as function of adsorbent dosage, pH, and contact time. The maximum chromium (Vl) removal ...
Musaiger Abdulrahman O - - 2013
Summary Mass media play an important role in changing body image. This study aimed to determine the role of media (magazines and television) in body weight concern among university females in five Arab countries. A total sample of 1134 female university students was selected at convenience from universities in five ...
Singh Jiwan - - 2013
Vermicomposting of water hyacinth is a good alternative for the treatment of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and subsequentially, beneficial for agriculture purposes. The bioavailability and leachability of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe, Ni, Pb, Cd, and Cr) were evaluated during vermicomposting of E. crassipes employing Eisenia fetida earthworm. Five ...
Zhang Guozhen - - 2013
Cordyceps militaris is a heterothallic ascomycetous fungus that has been cultivated as a medicinal mushroom. This study was conducted to improve fruiting body production by PCR assessment. Based on single-ascospore isolates selected from wild and cultivated populations, the conserved sequences of α-BOX in MAT1-1 and HMG-BOX in MAT1-2 were used ...
Cabreira Caroline - - 2013
The Lesion Simulating Disease (LSD) genes encode a family of zinc finger proteins that are reported to play an important role in the hypersensitive response and programmed cell death (PCD) that are caused by biotic and abiotic stresses. In the present study, 117 putative LSD family members were identified in ...
Boland Joseph F - - 2013
We assessed the performance of the new Life Technologies Proton sequencer by comparing whole-exome sequence data in a Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain trio (family 1463) to the Illumina HiSeq instrument. To simulate a typical user's results, we utilized the standard capture, alignment and variant calling methods specific to each ...
de Morree Helma M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Locomotor muscle fatigue impairs exercise performance during time to exhaustion tests. However, its effect on self-regulation of power output (pacing) is unknown. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of locomotor muscle fatigue on pacing and time trial performance. METHODS: Ten healthy recreationally active men ...
Laceulle Odilia M - - 2013
The current study investigated the longitudinal, reciprocal associations between stressful events and psychological difficulties from early childhood to mid-adolescence. Child age, sex, prenatal maternal anxiety, and difficult temperament were tested as sources of sensitivity, that is, factors that may make children more sensitive to stressful life events. Analyses were based ...
Contreras Heidy L - - 2013
The foraging decisions of flower-visiting animals are contingent upon the need of an individual to meet both energetic and osmotic demands. Insects can alter their food preferences to prioritize one need over the other, depending on environmental conditions. In this study, preferences in nectar sugar concentrations (0, 12, 24 %) were ...
Michel-Reher Martina B - - 2013
β3-Adrenoceptors are resistant to agonist-induced desensitization in some cell types but susceptible in others including transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells. Therefore, we have studied cellular and molecular changes involved in agonist-induced β3-adrenoceptor desensitization in HEK cells. Cells were treated with isoprenaline or forskolin, and following wash-out, cyclic adenosine monophosphate ...
Meaney M - - 2013
SUMMARY A study was carried out to investigate whether the action of triclabendazole sulphoxide (TCBZ.SO) against the liver fluke, Fasciola hepatica is altered by inhibition of P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-linked drug efflux pumps. The Oberon TCBZ-resistant and Cullompton TCBZ-susceptible fluke isolates were used for this in vitro study and the Pgp inhibitor ...
Cheng Meng - - 2013
The application of elaborately designed magnetic catalysts has long been limited to ease their separation from the products only. In this paper, we for the first time employed a magnetic sulphonated poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) resin catalyst on a magnetically stabilized-bed (MSB) reactor to enhance the etherification of fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) light ...
Liang Haixing - - 2013
For polar/nonpolar heterostructures, Maxwell's theory dictates that the electric potential in the polar components will increase divergently with the film thickness. For LaAlO3/SrTiO3, a conceptually intriguing route, termed charge reconstruction, has been proposed to avert such "polar catastrophe". The existence of a polar potential in LaAlO3 is a prerequisite for ...
Souza A M C - - 2013
Recent experimental advances have measured individual coin components in discrete time quantum walks, which have not received the due attention in most theoretical studies on the theme. Here is presented a detailed investigation of the properties of M, the difference between square modulus of coin states of discrete quantum walks ...
Cheng Qiluan - - 2013
Invisibility devices have attracted considerable attentions in the last decade. In addition to invisibility cloaks, unidirectional invisibility systems such as carpet-like cloaks and parity-time symmetric structures are also inspiring some specific researching interests due to their relatively simplifying design. However, unidirectional invisibility systems worked generally in just one certain illumination ...
Chhangani Deepak - - 2013
Impairment in the elimination of misfolded proteins generates cellular toxicity and leads to various late-onset neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanisms by which cells recognize abnormal cellular proteins for selective clearance remain unknown. Lack of the mahogunin ring finger-1 (MGRN1) E3 ubiquitin ligase in mice causes the development of age-dependent spongiform ...
Schieda Nicola - - 2013
Ferumoxytol is a safe and effective parenteral therapy used for the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia that has recently been approved for use in North America and in Europe. Ferumoxytol consists of a superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) core, which causes T1, T2 and T2* shortening effects, and a carbohydrate shell, ...
Meerson A - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short endogenous RNAs that regulate multiple biological processes including adipogenesis and fat metabolism. We sought to identify miRNAs that correlate with BMI and to elucidate their upstream regulation and downstream targets. METHODS: Microarray-based expression profiling of 233 miRNAs was performed on subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue biopsies ...
Lammers Karin - - 2013
Despite extensive research aimed at clarifying (failing) pelvic organ support, the complete aetiology of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is still not fully understood. During vaginal delivery, the pelvic floor can be irreversibly traumatised, resulting in pubovisceral muscle avulsions. The aetiology of these avulsions is discussed in this pictorial overview. Normal ...
Vernon H J HJ McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 733 North Broadway, BRB 529, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA, - - 2014
We report an adult male with classic propionic acidemia (PA) who developed chronic kidney disease in the third decade of his life. This diagnosis was recognized by an increasing serum creatinine and confirmed by reduced glomerular filtration on a (99m)Tc-diethylenetriamine pentaacetate (DTPA) scan. Histopathology of the kidney showed moderate glomerulo- ...
Kondera Elżbieta - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to evaluate bioaccumulation of metals in various tissues of the freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio L. exposed to cadmium and copper (a xenobiotic and a microelement). The fish were subjected to short-term (3 h, Cd-S and Cu-S) or long-term (4 weeks, Cd-L and Cu-L) exposures to ...
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