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Isozaki Takeo T University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
To examine the possibility that CXCL16 recruits endothelial cells (ECs) to developing neovasculature in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium. We utilized the RA synovial tissue SCID mouse chimera system to examine human microvascular EC (HMVEC) and human endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) recruitment into engrafted human synovium that was injected intragraft with ...
Griese Matthias M Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany. - - 2013
Glutathione is the major antioxidant in the extracellular lining fluid of the lungs and depleted in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Objectives: We aimed to assess glutathione delivered by inhalation as a potential treatment for CF lung disease. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluated inhaled glutathione in subjects with CF ...
Weenink Robert P RP Diving Medical Center, Royal Netherlands Navy, Den Helder, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Hyperbaric oxygenation is the accepted treatment for cerebral arterial gas embolism. Although earlier start of hyperbaric oxygenation is associated with better outcome, it is unknown how much delay can be tolerated before start of hyperbaric oxygenation. This study investigates the effect of hyperbaric oxygenation on cerebral function in swine when ...
Perera Reshani H RH Department of Radiology, Case Western Reserve University , Cleveland, Ohio , - - 2013
Pluronic block copolymers are non-ionic surfactants with demonstrated sensitizing activity in chemotherapy and hyperthermia in various tumor cell lines. In the current study we investigated the potential activity of Pluronic as a radiosensitizing agent. As a possible mechanism, the effect of Pluronic on Hsp70 and Hsp90 was examined. Gli36 human ...
Grear Karrie E - - 2013
Stroke is a neurological emergency that carries a risk of morbidity and mortality. Recent studies have shown that the incidence of stroke, although rare, is increasing in pregnant females. In this review, stroke and other vasculopathies in the pregnant and postpartum female are examined. A discussion of the symptoms and ...
Gaiter Juarlyn L - - 2013
African American women account for 66% of new HIV infections among U.S. women, and many are not aware of their status. The authors compared three strategies (targeted outreach, alternate venues, and social networks) to recruit African American women for HIV testing in Houston, New York City, Baltimore, and Dayton. A ...
Neyrinck Arne - - 2013
Donor shortage has forced transplant teams to explore new methods to increase the potential donor pool. Donation after circulatory death (DCD) has opened new perspectives and could be a valuable option to expand the brain-dead donors. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of current practice and ...
van Gemert Caroline - - 2013
Men who have sex with both men and women (behaviorally bisexual men) may be at increased risk of HIV acquisition and transmission due to risky sexual behaviors. We recruited a sexual network comprised of behaviorally bisexual men and their sexual partners in Vientiane, Lao PDR in 2010 to inform our ...
Toleran Daniel E - - 2013
Asian Americans are one of the more under-researched groups in the United States. This holds true with regard to research on risk assessment, screening, and testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C (HCV). Here, we address that lack by exploring correlates of risk and testing for the two ...
Corton Marlene M - - 2013
A comprehensive knowledge of the boundaries, contents, and interactions between surgical spaces is essential to safely and effectively perform mesh-augmented prolapse repairs and anti-incontinence procedures. This knowledge is also critical when managing intraoperative and postoperative complications such as bleeding, visceral injury, mesh erosion, exposure, or extrusion, and pelvic pain, groin ...
Houtchens Maria - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological illness affecting adults at the time when they are most likely to consider starting a family. It is known that the risk of MS relapse declines during pregnancy but increases in the first 3 to 6 months postpartum. It is also known that ...
Nygaard Ingrid - - 2013
Most marketed devices in the United States, including most used to treat prolapse and incontinence, are marketed without FDA approval; instead, they gain "clearance" as a class II device through premarket notification [also known as the 510(k) process]. Under this process, the manufacturer states that the device is substantially equivalent ...
Camlin Carol S - - 2013
In Nyanza Province, Kenya, HIV incidence is highest (26.2%) in the beach communities along Lake Victoria. Prior research documented high mobility and HIV risks among fishermen; mobility patterns and HIV risks faced by women in fishing communities are less well researched. This study aimed to characterize forms of mobility among ...
Ramirez-Valles Jesus - - 2013
Stigma negatively affects the health of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Negative attitudes and discriminatory actions towards PLWHA are thought to be based, among other factors, on stigma towards sexual minorities and beliefs about personal responsibility. Yet, there is little evidence to support these linkages and explain how they take ...
Wang Ye Elaine YE University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2013
To qualitatively classify and compare types of iris insertion among American Caucasians, American Chinese, and mainland Chinese. Prospective multicenter cross-sectional study. Sex- and age-matched Caucasian, American Chinese, and mainland Chinese cohorts were enrolled. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) images of the anterior chamber were acquired. Qualitative classification of iris insertion into basal, ...
Zhong Qing Q Kresge Eye Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, - - 2013
Increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) is one of the major retinal metabolic abnormalities associated with the development of diabetic retinopathy. NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a redox sensitive factor, provides cellular defenses against the cytotoxic ROS. In stress conditions, Nrf2 dissociates from its cytosolic inhibitor, Kelch like-ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), ...
Fasula Amy M AM Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA. - - 2013
Incarcerated women are a critical population for targeted HIV/STI prevention programming; however, there is a dearth of evidence-based, genderspecific behavioral interventions for this population. Systematically adapting existing evidence-based interventions (EBIs) can help fill this gap. We illustrate the adaptation of the HIV/STI prevention EBI, Project Safe, for use among incarcerated ...
Luis Leonel L Health Sciences Institute, Portuguese Catholic University, Lisbon, Portugal. - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical pathophysiology of oculomotor changes in a patient presenting with a spontaneous semicircular horizontal canal plug. A 42-year-old man with acute spontaneous vertigo with spinning and persistent left-horizontal nystagmus, intensity but not direction dependent on head orientation with respect to gravity, indicating a benign paroxysmal positional vertigo ...
Vasiljevik Tamara T Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, - - 2013
Attenuation of increased endocannabinoid signaling with a CB1R neutral antagonist might offer a new therapeutic direction for treatment of alcohol abuse. We have recently reported that a monohydroxylated metabolite of the synthetic aminoalkylindole cannabinoid JHW-073 (3) exhibits neutral antagonist activity at CB1Rs and thus may serve as a promising lead ...
Ashida T - - 2013
In this study, we fabricated a Cr2O3 (0001) film without and with a Pt buffer layer and investigated its effect on perpendicular exchange coupling in a Cr2O3/Co3Pt interface. The results showed that the exchange bias field (μ0Hex) and blocking temperature (TB) of a Cr2O3 film without and with Pt were ...
Losada-Pérez María - - 2013
A number of transcription factors that are expressed within most, if not all, embryonic neuroblast (NB) lineages participate in neural subtype specification. Some have been extensively studied in several NB lineages (e.g. components of the temporal gene cascade) whereas others only within specific NB lineages. To what extent they function ...
Stützer Simon - - 2013
We investigate the interplay of Bloch oscillations and Anderson localization in optics. Gradual washing out of Bloch oscillations and the formation of nearly stationary averaged intensity distributions, which are symmetric for narrow and strongly asymmetric for broad input excitations, are observed experimentally in laser-written waveguide arrays. At large disorder levels ...
Addington Donald Emile - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Relapse is a frequently used outcome measure in schizophrenia research. However, difficulties in reliably measuring relapse diminish its usefulness. Hospitalization is a potential alternative, but its relationship to relapse has not been assessed. METHODS This study used data from a two-year, prospective study to examine associations between relapse and ...
Choi Daisi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study sought to examine how specific substance-use behavior, including nonmedical prescription stimulant (NPS) use, among U.S. medical students correlates with their attitudes and beliefs toward professionalism. METHOD An anonymous survey was distributed to all medical students at a private medical university (46% response rate). Participants were asked to ...
Lamers Femke - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Prolonged fatigue in adolescents has a major impact on social functioning and school attendance. In adults, prolonged fatigue substantially overlaps with mood and anxiety disorders. Extending the data to adolescents, the authors studied the prevalence and correlates of fatigue in a representative U.S. sample. METHOD The participants were 10,123 ...
Wang J-W - - 2013
Structural allografts may be used to manage uncontained bone defects in revision total knee replacement (TKR). However, the availability of cadaver grafts is limited in some areas of Asia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mid-term outcome of the use of femoral head allografts for the reconstruction ...
Lahiri Mayukh - - 2013
A theory of usual (positive) refraction of partially coherent electromagnetic beams has been developed recently. In this Letter, we discuss the theory of negative refraction of a partially coherent electromagnetic beam. We show that negative refraction can produce change in spatial coherence of such a beam.
Yao Fengfeng - - 2013
A polarimetric study of random laser (RL) emitted from dye-doped nematic liquid crystals (NLCs) is presented. We observed linearly polarized light, the orientation of which is in proximity to the bisection between the polarization direction at the maximal scattering in NLCs and the nematic director. Any arbitrary linear polarization of ...
Yan Huimin - - 2013
Dental caries remains one of the most common global chronic diseases caused by Streptococcus mutans, which is prevalent all over the world. The caries prevalence of children aged between 5-6 years old in China is still in very high rate. A potent and effective anti-caries vaccine has long been expected ...
Zhu Lijun - - 2013
A fluoropoly(ether ether ketone) (FPEEK) demonstrating blue fluorescence was developed as a flexible, transparent membranous matrix for the incorporation of quantum dots (QDs) to fabricate a composite photoluminescent film which is promising as a self-referenced temperature sensor.
Bizdena E - - 2013
Milbemycins A3 and A4 are pharmaceutically and agriculturally useful macrolides isolated from Streptomyces species. The molecular structures of the title compounds were unambiguously established by a single crystal X-ray analysis of the solid solution of both compounds. The crystals present trigonal system, space group P32 with Z = 3, unit cell dimensions: ...
Doulaveris Georgios - - 2013
Abstract Autophagy is an intracellular process that maintains homeostasis by the removal of damaged organelles and proteins. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the autophagy-related 16-like 1 (ATG16L1) gene results in decreased autophagy. We evaluated whether the ATG16L1 polymorphism influenced the time to delivery during labor induction in pregnant women ...
Yang Fen - - 2013
We have investigated the dynamics of the magnetization of three four-coordinate mononuclear cobalt(ii) compounds, which are synthesized conveniently and are air stable. Slow magnetic relaxation effects were observed for the compounds in the presence of a dc magnetic field.
Roline Chad E - - 2013
Bedside thoracic ultrasound has been shown to be a valuable diagnostic tool in the emergency department. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of bedside thoracic ultrasound in the prehospital HEMS setting. Air ambulance helicopters during patient transportation. This was a prospective pilot study. 71 consecutive, nonpregnant ...
Yates P - - 2013
In May 2012, in airports across the globe, seven orthopaedic surgeons bravely said goodbye to their loved ones, and slowly turned towards their respective aircraft. Filled with expectation and mild trepidation they stepped into the unknown… the ABC fellowship of 2012.
Huang Lei - - 2013
The calibration of camera with intrinsic and extrinsic parameters is a procedure of significance in current imaging-based optical metrology. Improvement at two aspects, feature detection and overall optimization, are investigated here by using an active phase target and statistically constrained bundle adjustment (SCBA). From the observations in experiment and simulation, ...
Ord Emily N J - - 2013
We hypothesized that targeting key points in the ischemic cascade with combined neuroglobin (Ngb) overexpression and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibition (SP600125) would offer greater neuroprotection than single treatment after in vitro hypoxia/reoxygenation and in a randomized, blinded in vivo experimental stroke study using a clinically relevant rat strain. Male ...
Kim Y W - - 2013
Objective: We report two extremely rare cases of symptomatic nasopharyngeal branchial cleft cyst treated by powered instrument assisted marsupialisation. Methods: Case report and literature review concerning nasopharyngeal branchial cleft cyst and surgical treatment methods. Results: The first case was a two-year-old boy with a 1 × 2 cm, cystic, oropharyngeal mass, who also ...
Lorbach O - - 2013
The present article summarizes the different osteotomy techniques for an extension of standard surgical approaches to the knee joint in selected patients. The aim is to achieve satisfactory exposure and reduce potential postoperative complications compared to alternative techniques, such as the V-Y plasty or the quadriceps snip procedures. Osteotomy of ...
Mucedero Manuela - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term stability of quad-helix/crib treatment in subjects with dentoskeletal open bite. Twenty-eight subjects (11 boys, 17 girls; mean age, 8.2 ± 1.3 years) were treated consecutively with quad-helix/crib appliances. The patients were reevaluated at the end of active treatment with the quad-helix/crib (mean age, ...
Chen Lin - - 2013
Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like transmission was demonstrated in terahertz asymmetric parallel plate waveguides with two identical cavities. By shifting the position of the bottom cavity from the symmetric position in the propagation direction, both the phases of the propagating wave at resonances and the coupling strengths between two cavities are ...
Naether U - - 2013
We investigate numerically and experimentally the influence of coupling disorder on the self-trapping dynamics in nonlinear one-dimensional optical waveguide arrays. The existence of a lower and upper bound of the effective average propagation constant allows for a generalized definition of the threshold power for the onset of soliton localization. When ...
Igarashi Masayuki - - 2013
WalK, a histidine kinase, and WalR, a response regulator, make up a two-component signal transduction system that is indispensable for the cell-wall metabolism of low GC Gram-positive bacteria. WalK inhibitors are likely to show bactericidal effects against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus . We discovered a new WalK inhibitor, designated waldiomycin, by ...
Coyne Claire A - - 2013
Teenage motherhood is associated with poor offspring outcomes but these associations may be influenced by offspring birth year because of substantial social changes in recent decades. Existing research also has not examined whether these associations are due to the specific effect of mother's age at childbirth or factors shared by ...
Sheehan Bart - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Research on inpatient psychiatric care has paid little attention to the built environment of psychiatric wards. This study described the built environment in a sample of inpatient psychiatric wards in England and investigated relationships between staff satisfaction with the built environment of the ward and objective design features of ...
Brunetto Mauricio - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to analyze and compare the immediate effects of rapid and slow maxillary expansion protocols, accomplished by Haas-type palatal expanders activated in different frequencies of activation on the positioning of the maxillary first permanent molars and on the buccal alveolar bones of these teeth with ...
Schlöffel Gunther - - 2013
A concept of a fiber optic sensor consisting of a light source, a fiber coil, and a two-beam interferometer measuring angular acceleration is described. The principle differs essentially from common fiber optic gyroscopes (FOGs) still exploiting the Sagnac effect but sending light of the monochromatic source only unidirectionally into the ...
Vitzthum Francesca Bohn - - 2013
Background: Metacognitive Group Training for Schizophrenia Patients (MCTg) focuses on dysfunctional thinking styles (e.g. cognitive biases) putatively involved in the formation and maintenance of delusions. Recently, the Individualized Metacognitive Therapy Program for Patients with Psychosis (MCT+), an extension of the group training, was released. MCT+ sessions aim to correct false ...
Bel-Serrat S - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Individual lifestyle behaviours have independently been associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in children. This study aimed to identify clustered lifestyle behaviours (dietary, physical activity (PA) and sedentary indicators) and to examine their association with CVD risk factors in children aged 2-9 years.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Participants included 4619 children (51.6% boys) from ...
Li Guoliang - - 2013
We demonstrate here a simple one-pot approach to directly fabricate hierarchical hollow anatase TiO2 spheres with a mesoporous shell architecture, which show improved visible light photocatalytic activity owing to their unique structure.
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