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Saito Kenji - - 2013
A visible-light-absorbing SnNb2O6 shell with high crystallinity was successfully fabricated on a NaNbO3 nanowire through a molten salt treatment of the NaNbO3 nanowire of the starting material with SnCl2, whereas the fabrication was not successful on the TT phase of a niobia nanowire. The difference will come from the formation ...
Linhares A G - - 2013
A method of extracting membranes from red blood cells (RBCs) is described, which were in turn used to assay acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. The evidence for the enzyme activity was established by selective inhibition using 1,5-bis(4-allyldimethylammoniumphenyl) pentan-3-one dibromide, tetraisopropyl pyrophosphoramide and neostigmine. Blood samples were exposed to three organophosphorus (dichlorvos, chlorpyrifos ...
Ragsdale Kathleen - - 2013
To expand the scant research on sexual expectancies development among non-sexually active adolescents, we examined the relationship between adolescents' exposure to four socializing agents-mother/female guardian, father/male guardian, peers, and television programs with high sexual content-and their endorsement of four sexual expectancies: social benefit, pleasure, social risk, and health risk. Data ...
Issurin Vladimir B - - 2013
Training transfer as an enduring, multilateral, and practically important problem encompasses a large body of research findings and experience, which characterize the process by which improving performance in certain exercises/tasks can affect the performance in alternative exercises or motor tasks. This problem is of paramount importance for the theory of ...
Oyama Hiroyuki - - 2013
Conventional immunization-based antibodies are not always applicable to monitor trace amounts of clinical biomarkers due to insufficient antigen-binding affinity. The development of in vitro affinity maturation for native antibodies has paved the way to solve this problem, but there has been minimal success in obtaining improved antibody mutants for small ...
Downard Kevin M - - 2013
The influenza virus is one of the most deadly infectious agents known to man and has been responsible for the deaths of some hundred million lives throughout human history. The need to rapidly and reliably survey circulating virus strains down to the molecular level is ever present. This tutorial describes ...
Wang Lihua - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Patients with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) have lower pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function. We hypothesized that pelvic reconstructive surgery could improve PFM function and strength. METHODS: The controlled, nonrandomized study recruited 37 POP patients in the Prolift group and 30 non-POP patients in the control group. Two ...
Atsumi Michiko - - 2013
The electronic configuration of the electronic ground and low-lying doublet excited states of neutral metal dihalides BrMCl (M = Cu, Ag, Au) has been investigated on the basis of CASSCF/CASPT2 methods taking into account scalar relativistic effects. A preliminary study of the electronic problem in BrAgCl, based on DFT and ...
Lee Jae-Ho - - 2013
Dysregulated BMPs expression may contribute to the development and progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Herein, we report that bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) promotes the proliferation of RCC cells by IL-10-mediated polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM). IL-10 secretion from macrophages stimulated by BMP-6 required nuclear interaction between Smad5 and STAT3. ...
Bengtsson Håkan - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Player activities in soccer matches are influenced by the match result and match venue. It is not known whether injury rates are influenced by these factors. PURPOSE:To investigate whether there are associations between injury rates and the match result, venue, and type of competition in male soccer. STUDY DESIGN:Cohort study; ...
Straatmann Caroline - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) in children is classified as steroid sensitive or steroid resistant. Steroid sensitivity typically portends a low risk of permanent renal failure. However, some initially steroid-sensitive patients later develop steroid resistance. These patients with late steroid resistance (LSR) are often treated with immunosuppressant medications, but the ...
Olsson C E - - 2013
Background:The objective of this study is to provide comprehensive overviews of patient-reported urinary symptoms for long-term prostate cancer survivors treated with radiation therapy and for untreated, healthy men.Methods:We performed a population-based cross-sectional study using a study-specific postal questionnaire assessing symptoms among 1007 men consecutively treated at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, ...
Zirngibl R A - - 2013
We sought to determine whether the estrogen receptor-related receptor gamma (mEsrrg) regulated the Osteopontin (Opn) promoter through the same AP1/CAAT box element that we have previously described for mEsrra. In HeLa cells mEsrrg used an additional site present in the 5'UTR, while in ROS17/2.8 cells the AP1/CAAT site was not ...
Günther S - - 2013
The NO + H2 reaction on a potassium promoted Rh(110) surface is shown to sustain the formation of spatio-temporal periodic patterns leading to mass transport phenomena. The excitation of pulses and the mass transport mechanism are studied in the 10(-7) and 10(-6) mbar pressure range, with the potassium coverage varying ...
Tanjasiri Sora Park - - 2013
There is growing interest in understanding individual and environmental influences on youth risk behaviors, including tobacco use. The purpose of this article is to describe the processes and findings from a study that sought to increase the capacity of Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) community-based organizations to understand and ...
Pratt Alexandra - - 2013
Dexmedetomidine has become a popular sedative in the intensive care unit for patients undergoing mechanical ventilation because of its highly selective α-2 agonism, which exerts a combination of anesthetic, analgesic, and anxiolytic effects. Bradycardia and hypotension have been reported as the most common side effects of its use in large ...
Mosqueira Matias - - 2013
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) affects young boys and is characterized by the absence of dystrophin, a large cytoskeletal protein present in skeletal and cardiac muscle cells and neurons. The heart and diaphragm become necrotic in DMD patients and animal models of DMD, resulting in cardiorespiratory failure as the leading cause ...
Marek Aleš - - 2013
Gas-phase conformations and electron transfer dissociations of pentapeptide ions containing the photo-Leu residue (L*) were studied. Exhaustive conformational search including molecular dynamics force-field, semi-empirical, ab initio, and density functional theory calculations established that the photo-Leu residue did not alter the gas-phase conformations of (GL*GGK  +  2H)(2+) and (GL*GGK-NH2 + H)(+) ions, which ...
Ribas Adriana Danmvolf - - 2013
American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) shows a wide spectrum of clinical and immunopathological manifestations. The CCR5 chemokine receptor directs the immune response to a Th1 pattern and the mutant allele of this genotype (Δ32/Δ32) results in a less effective response, thus leading to a milder inflammation. The objective of the present ...
Le-Ha Chi - - 2013
Background:High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are influenced by gender and by genetic and environmental factors. We aimed to assess the impact of passive smoking exposure since birth on HDL-C levels of nonsmoking adolescents at age 17 years and to determine whether there was a gender difference in the relationship between smoking ...
Güdücü N - - 2013
The aim of this study was to understand the relationship of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) with hormonal and biochemical parameters in pre- and postmenopausal women. We included 69 postmenopausal women and 27 regularly menstruating premenopausal women. Postmenopausal women had statistically significantly higher RBP4 levels when compared to premenopausal women. RBP4 ...
Zhang Nan - - 2013
Yiyeqing (YYQ) ("one night love", i.e., having sex only once with a non-commercial partner) has increased in China, concomitant with the increase in heterosexual transmission of sexually transmitted infections/human immunodeficiency virus (STI/HIV). Our study explored how participants who had experienced YYQ understood these relationships and characterized YYQ's links to sexual ...
Koffarnus Robin L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To review the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety of the thiazolidinedione rivoglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) agonist, to determine its potential role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.DATA SOURCES:A MEDLINE search (1966-February 2013) was conducted for English-language studies in humans, using the terms rivoglitazone and CS011. Abstracts ...
Antoniou John - - 2013
PURPOSE: To establish relationships between quantitative MRI (qMRI) and biomechanical parameters in order to help inform and interpret alterations of human intervertebral discs (IVD) with different grades of degeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The properties of the nucleus pulposus (NP) and annulus fibrosus (AF) of each IVD of 10 lumbar spines ...
Klausner Adam P - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: There is growing acceptance that the detrusor muscle is not silent during the filling phase of the micturition cycle but displays low-amplitude phasic contractions that have been associated with urinary urgency. Unfortunately, there is currently no standardized methodology to quantify detrusor rhythm during the filling phase. Therefore, the purpose ...
Okahara S - - 2013
Monitoring the blood pump and the oxygen gas flow meter are important maneuvers at the initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We present a novel system, designed to improve safety in the heart-lung machine by linking the control of blood flow and the oxygen gas flow meter. This system uses a ...
Tay Matthew Rong Jie - - 2013
ABSTRACT This study aims to describe the epidemiology and risk factors for cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and end-organ disease in patients with lymphoma undergoing potentially curative or salvage therapy. We retrospectively reviewed 534 patients with lymphoma treated at an Asian tertiary cancer center between January 2007 and December 2010. Overall, 48 ...
Pitsiladis Yannis - - 2013
Numerous reports of genetic associations with performance-related phenotypes have been published over the past three decades but there has been limited progress in discovering and characterising the genetic contribution to elite/world-class performance, mainly owing to few coordinated research efforts involving major funding initiatives/consortia and the use primarily of the candidate ...
Braunschweig Holger - - 2013
Reaction of the (B,C-η(2))-1-aza-2-borabutatriene rhodium complex 1 with 1,3-dimethylimidazol-2-ylidene) (IMe, 2) afforded the N-heterocyclic carbene-stabilized (C,C-η(2))-1-boraallene rhodium complex 3, which has been characterized in solution and by X-ray crystallography. Density functional theory calculations were carried out to elucidate the observed base-induced B-C to C-C coordination mode shift, which suggested that ...
Yong K J - - 2013
Background:Paclitaxel has recently been reported by this laboratory to potentiate the high-LET radiation therapeutic (212)Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab, which targets HER2. To elucidate mechanisms associated with this therapy, targeted α-particle radiation therapeutic (212)Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab together with paclitaxel was investigated for the treatment of disseminated peritoneal cancers.Methods:Mice bearing human colon cancer LS-174T intraperitoneal xenografts were ...
McManus I C - - 2013
Right- and left-handedness run in families, show greater concordance in monozygotic than dizygotic twins, and are well described by single-locus Mendelian models. Here we summarize a large genome-wide association study (GWAS) that finds no significant associations with handedness and is consistent with a meta-analysis of GWASs. The GWAS had 99% ...
Corot Claire - - 2013
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles are a relatively large class of contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging. According to their biodistribution, distinct classes of SPIO nanoparticles have been investigated for clinical applications either as macrophage imaging agents or blood pool agents. Contrast agents which are pharmaceutics followed the same development ...
Dietrich C F - - 2013
This CME-review is about the clinical importance of the abdominal lymph node diagnostic with special attention to various ultrasound techniques. This includes innovative techniques like contrast enhanced ultrasound and elastography. The clinical importance of ultrasound in relation to cross sectional imaging will be the target of the article as well ...
Sawczuk Marek - - 2013
Abstract The β-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs) have known functional roles in cardiovascular and pulmonary responses as well as the appropriate substrate metabolism required for athletic ability. Thus, the β-AR genes are plausible candidates for the variations observed in strength/power and endurance performance levels. The aims of the present study were to ...
Zhu Tao - - 2013
There is currently a lack of comprehensive understanding of osmotic effect on lipid vesicle fusion on solid oxide surface. The question has both biological and biomedical implications. We studied the effect by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring using NaCl, sucrose as osmolytes and two different osmotic stress imposition methods, ...
Walsh Jennifer S - - 2013
Context:Gut-derived serotonin has been proposed as a regulator of bone formation, and inhibition of gut serotonin synthesis increases bone formation in rodents. Carcinoid neuroendocrine tumors can produce very high levels of circulating serotonin and so offer a model of serotonin excess in humans.Objectives:To determine if patients with carcinoid syndrome have ...
Yoo H J - - 2013
Context and Objective:Glypican-4 was identified as a novel adipokine capable of enhancing insulin signaling and modulating adipocyte differentiation. We investigated associations between glypican-4 and body composition, insulin resistance, arterial stiffness, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in non-diabetic Asian subjects.Design and Participants:We analyzed baseline cross-sectional data from the Korean Sarcopenic ...
Gao Yang - - 2013
Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) superfamily signaling is essential for female reproduction. Dysregulation of the TGFβ signaling pathway can cause reproductive diseases. SMAD [SMA and MAD (Mothers against decapentaplegic)] proteins are downstream signaling transducers of the TGFβ superfamily. SMAD7 is an inhibitory SMAD that regulates TGFβ signaling in vitro. However, ...
de Torcy Tiphaine - - 2013
The human beatbox is the art of reproducing all types of sounds with the mouth while 'adapting' them for better control. To understand how these 'voice virtuosos' juggle with so many different sounds-instrumental, rhythmic, and vocal-at the same time, we have performed a descriptive analysis of three beatboxers by observing ...
Dhal Pradeep K - - 2013
Syntheses and characterization of aminooxy terminated polymers of N-(2-hydroxyproyl) methacrylamide (HPMA) of controlled molecular weight and narrow molecular weight distribution are presented here. Design of a chain transfer agent (CTA) containing N-tert.-butoxycarbonyl (t-Boc) protected aminooxy group enabled us to use reversible addition-fragmentation (RAFT) polymerization technique to polymerize the HPMA monomer. ...
Hamann Johannes - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A deeper engagement into medical decision-making is demanded by treatment guidelines for patients with affective disorders. There is to date little evidence on what facilitates active behaviour of patients with depression. In general medicine 'question prompt sheets' (QPSs) have been shown to change patients' behaviour in the consultation and ...
Wang Yi - - 2013
Silver octahedra with edge lengths controlled in the range of 20-72 nm were synthesized via seed-mediated growth. The key to the success of this synthesis is the use of single-crystal Ag seeds with uniform and precisely controlled sizes to direct the growth and the use of citrate as a selective ...
Pepino M Yanina - - 2013
OBJECTIVENonnutritive sweeteners (NNS), such as sucralose, have been reported to have metabolic effects in animal models. However, the relevance of these findings to human subjects is not clear. We evaluated the acute effects of sucralose ingestion on the metabolic response to an oral glucose load in obese subjects.RESEARCH DESIGN AND ...
Tauber Mark - - 2013
Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injuries represent a common injury to the shoulder girdle. In the management algorithm of acute ACJ injuries complete radiological evaluation represents the key to a successful therapy. According to the classification of Rockwood the presence of a horizontal component in addition to vertical instability has to be ...
Chinnasamy Dhanalakshmi - - 2013
Most systemic cancer therapies target tumor cells directly though there is increasing interest in targeting the tumor stroma that can comprise a substantial portion of the tumor mass. We report here a synergy between two T cell therapies, one directed against the stromal tumor vasculature and the other directed against ...
Kariya Ayako - - 2013
Hyperthermia (HT) has been used as a possible treatment modality for various types of malignant tumors. Due to its pleiotropic effects, its combined use with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy has proven to be beneficial. However, the molecular mechanisms underling the cellular responses to heat stress remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of ...
Yan Peng'an - - 2013
The endoglucanase Cel5A from Thermobifida fusca was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase) activity in shake flasks and 3-L fermentation scale reached 46.8 and 656.6 IU/mL, respectively. The CMCase activity in 3-L fermentation scale represented the highest yield of T. fusca Cel5A reported so far. ...
Wang J - - 2013
Background:Results of studies of fluid consumption and its association with bladder cancer have been inconsistent. Few studies have considered modification effects from genetic variants that may interact with the type of consumed fluids. UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), which are membrane-bound conjugating enzymes, catalyse the transformation of hydrophobic substrates to more water-soluble glucuronides ...
Orth Teresa A - - 2013
Abstract Background: Pregnancy is becoming more common in residency, and about 80% of residents are female. This leads to questions of breastfeeding, work demands, and perception of burden by colleagues. This study was designed to assess experiences of (1) breastfeeding obstetrics residents and (2) their colleagues. Materials and Methods: This ...
Cozzi Roberta - - 2013
Gram-positive bacteria build pili on their cell surface via a class C sortase-catalyzed transpeptidation mechanism from pilin protein substrates. Despite the availability of several crystal structures, pilus-related C sortases remain poorly characterized to date, and their mechanisms of transpeptidation and regulation need to be further investigated. The available 3-dimensional structures ...
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