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Results 251 - 300 of 2813
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Brunetto Mauricio - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to analyze and compare the immediate effects of rapid and slow maxillary expansion protocols, accomplished by Haas-type palatal expanders activated in different frequencies of activation on the positioning of the maxillary first permanent molars and on the buccal alveolar bones of these teeth with ...
Schlöffel Gunther - - 2013
A concept of a fiber optic sensor consisting of a light source, a fiber coil, and a two-beam interferometer measuring angular acceleration is described. The principle differs essentially from common fiber optic gyroscopes (FOGs) still exploiting the Sagnac effect but sending light of the monochromatic source only unidirectionally into the ...
Vitzthum Francesca Bohn - - 2013
Background: Metacognitive Group Training for Schizophrenia Patients (MCTg) focuses on dysfunctional thinking styles (e.g. cognitive biases) putatively involved in the formation and maintenance of delusions. Recently, the Individualized Metacognitive Therapy Program for Patients with Psychosis (MCT+), an extension of the group training, was released. MCT+ sessions aim to correct false ...
Bel-Serrat S - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Individual lifestyle behaviours have independently been associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in children. This study aimed to identify clustered lifestyle behaviours (dietary, physical activity (PA) and sedentary indicators) and to examine their association with CVD risk factors in children aged 2-9 years.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Participants included 4619 children (51.6% boys) from ...
Li Guoliang - - 2013
We demonstrate here a simple one-pot approach to directly fabricate hierarchical hollow anatase TiO2 spheres with a mesoporous shell architecture, which show improved visible light photocatalytic activity owing to their unique structure.
Relun A - - 2013
This study aimed to catalogue the digital dermatitis (DD) treatment practices used by French dairy farmers and to identify the motivators and barriers to the adoption of these treatments. A semi-structured survey was conducted involving 65 farmers in the main dairy production areas of France in the spring of 2009. ...
Abdel M P - - 2013
Instability after arthroplasty of the shoulder is difficult to correct surgically. Soft-tissue procedures and revision surgery using unconstrained anatomical components are associated with a high rate of failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the results of revision of an unstable anatomical shoulder arthroplasty to a reverse design ...
Patel Manthan H - - 2013
The authors conducted an analysis of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to understand the association between diabetes and tooth loss in the United States. The authors analyzed the oral examination and self-reported diabetes data obtained from the NHANES 2003-2004 cycle and included 2,508 participants representing ...
Dai Daoxin - - 2013
A small silicon mode (de)multiplexer with cascaded asymmetrical directional couplers is demonstrated experimentally. As an example, a four channel mode (de)multiplexer is designed and realized for TM polarization. The fabricated mode (de)multiplexer has a low excess loss (<1  dB) as well as low crosstalk (≤23 dB) over a broad wavelength range (∼20  nm). ...
Stiller Birgit - - 2013
We report the experimental observation of self-induced modulation instability (MI) in a Brillouin fiber laser made with a solid-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with strong anomalous dispersion. We identify this MI as the result of parametric amplification of optical sidebands generated by guided acoustic modes within the core of the ...
Ratzliff Anna D H AD Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, 1959 N.E. Pacific St., Seattle, WA 98195-6560, USA. - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study examined effectiveness of collaborative care for depression among Asians treated either at a community health center that focuses on Asians (culturally sensitive clinic) or at general community health centers and among a matched population of whites treated at the same general community clinics. METHODS For 345 participants ...
Wang Xile - - 2013
Coxiella burnetii is the etiological agent of Q fever. To identify its major seroreactive proteins, a subgenomic protein array was developed. A total of 101 assumed virulence-associated recombinant proteins of C. burnetii were probed with sera from mice experimentally infected with C. burnetii and sera from Q fever patients. Sixteen ...
Sobhani Iradj - - 2013
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is posing an increasingly important burden on the health care system, with western countries seeing a growing incidence of the disease. Except for germline DNA mutations which have been attributed to less than 5% of patients, little is known about the main causes of CRC. However, environment ...
Zhu Kui - - 2013
We present a cellular logic circuit for deciphering the profiles of toxin production in B. cereus, using multiple readout techniques based on the pore formation on the cell membrane. This new assay enables the simultaneous detection of seven biomarkers in pathogenic strains from various samples.
Holzer Laurent - - 2013
Background: Computer assisted cognitive remediation (CACR) was demonstrated to be efficient in improving cognitive deficits in adults with psychosis. However, scarce studies explored the outcome of CACR in adolescents with psychosis or at high risk. Aims: To investigate the effectiveness of a computer-assisted cognitive remediation (CACR) program in adolescents with ...
Gunnerud U J - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Whey proteins have insulinogenic properties and the effect appears to be mediated from a postprandial plasma amino-acid (AA) response. The aim was to study the possible dose-response relationship between whey intake and glycaemic-, insulinaemic- and plasma AA responses.Subjects/Methods:Twelve healthy volunteers participated in the study. They were provided three whey protein ...
Howard Laura - - 2013
The somatosensory and sympathetic innervation of the vertebrate head is derived principally from the neurons of trigeminal and superior cervical ganglia (SCG), respectively. During development, the survival of both populations of neurons and the terminal growth and branching of their axons in the tissues they innervate is regulated by the ...
Hu Chun-Rui CR Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of Science, Hefei 230027, - - 2013
We demonstrate a low-cost-stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscope using continuous-wave (cw) lasers as excitation sources. A dual modulation scheme is used to remove the electronic background. The cw-SRS imaging of lipids in fatty liver is demonstrated by excitation of C─H stretch vibration.
Cerecero Patricia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that serum uric acid (SUA) can be an inexpensive and easy-to-obtain indicator of cardiovascular risk (CR). This is especially important in developing countries with high prevalence of cardiovascular disease. We examined the association between SUA levels and 10-year global CR among university workers from the State ...
Huang Jin - - 2013
The progress in NCA polymerisation combined with advanced orthogonal functionalization techniques as well as the integration with other controlled polymerisation techniques significantly widened the scope of polypeptide building blocks in a variety of material designs. Well-defined synthetic stimuli-responsive polypeptides ("smart" polypeptides) with incorporated different functionalities have been extensively explored over ...
Liu Jin-Biao - - 2013
The first palladium-catalyzed Suzuki cross-coupling of N'-tosyl arylhydrazines with various organoboron reagents has been developed for the preparation of biaryl compounds in high yields. N'-Tosyl arylhydrazine as a readily available and stable electrophile also demonstrated its generality in a number of coupling reactions.
Xu Wei - - 2013
From an interplay of high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) imaging and density functional theory (DFT) calculations we reveal how a molecular conformational change induced self-assembly process can result in the conversion from a random molecular phase to the formation of two types of ordered surface nanostructures with different apparent heights.
Seeman Mary V MV Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto. - - 2013
Sexual dysfunction is common among women with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotic medication. Multiple factors influence sexual function and reproductive health in this patient population, including the effects of medications on prolactin secretion and the complexities of making contraceptive decisions in the context of a serious mental illness. The author explores ...
Yadeau J T JT Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York 10021, USA. - - 2013
In a randomised controlled pragmatic trial we investigated whether local infiltration analgesia would result in earlier readiness for discharge from hospital after total knee replacement (TKR) than patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) plus femoral nerve block. A total of 45 patients with a mean age of 65 years (49 to 81) ...
Bi Renzhe - - 2013
Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) is an emerging modality for noninvasive deep tissue blood flow monitoring that is becoming increasingly popular; it conducts an autocorrelation analysis of fast fluctuating photon count signals from a single speckle. In this Letter, we show that the same level of deep tissue flow information can ...
Petrov Georgi I - - 2013
We propose and experimentally validate a technique for four-wave mixing background suppression in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy. It is based on the interaction of the signals generated from the Kerr third-order nonlinearity and the cascaded quadratic process in a nonlinear crystal. Theoretical analysis agrees well with the experimental results, which ...
Shi Yaoyao - - 2013
Crosstalk between thymocytes and thymic epithelial cells is critical for T cell development and the establishment of central tolerance. Medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs) play important roles in the late stage of T cell development, especially negative selection and Treg generation. The function of mTECs is highly dependent on their ...
Grandner Michael A MA Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
We hypothesize that extremes of sleep duration are associated with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), a pro-inflammatory marker for cardiovascular disease risk. Cross-sectional. Population-based research. Nationally representative sample of 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants (n = 5,587 adults). None. Associations between CRP and self-reported total sleep time (TST) ...
Hsieh David T - - 2013
Rufinamide is a novel anticonvulsant medication approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2008 for the treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome in patients 4 years of age and older, based upon clinical trials demonstrating clinical efficacy and tolerability. Rufinamide is especially effective for tonic-atonic seizures ...
Ekmann Kim S - - 2013
The effects of varying dietary digestible protein (DP) and digestible energy (DE) content on performance, nutrient retention efficiency and the de novo lipogenesis of DP origin were examined in triplicate groups of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata), fed nine extruded experimental diets. In order to trace the metabolic fate of ...
Shi Wen-Jing - - 2013
A bis(permethylated β-cyclodextrin)-substituted aza-BODIPY has been prepared, which forms stable 1 : 1 host-guest complexes with metal-free and zinc(ii) tetrasulfonated porphyrins in water. The resulting complexes exhibit predominantly a photoinduced energy or electron transfer process depending on the porphyrin-based guest.
Machado Andre Wilson - - 2013
Our objective was to determine the perception of smile esthetics among orthodontists and laypeople with respect to asymmetries on the maxillary incisor edges in a frontal smile analysis. Two frontal close-up smile photos of 2 women, 1 white and 1 Afro-Brazilian, were selected for this study. Both smiles displayed healthy ...
Serenius Fredrik F Department of Women's and Children's Health, Section for Pediatrics, Uppsala University, S-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2013
Active perinatal care increases survival of extremely preterm infants; however, improved survival might be associated with increased disability among survivors. To determine neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely preterm children at 2.5 years (corrected age). Population-based prospective cohort of consecutive extremely preterm infants born before 27 weeks of gestation in Sweden between ...
Li R B RB Physical Measurements Laboratory, National Institute of Standard and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899, - - 2013
We demonstrate an optically controlled Kerr phase shifter using a room-temperature 85Rb vapor operating in a Raman gain scheme. Phase shifts from zero to π relative to an unshifted reference wave are observed, and gated operations are demonstrated. We further demonstrate the versatile digital manipulation of encoded signal light with ...
Deng Jian - - 2013
In this Letter, the character of Euclidean matrix norm (EMN) of the intensity difference between phase-shifting interferograms, which changes in sinusoidal form with the phase shifts, is presented. Based on this character, an EMN phase shift extraction algorithm is proposed. Both the simulation calculation and experimental research show that the ...
Suriyanarayanan Subramanian - - 2013
Macroporous polymer films with long-range uniformity and biotinyl-moiety selective recognition sites have been developed. A hierarchical molecular imprinting strategy afforded significant enhancements in quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensitivities towards biotinylated compounds.
Kawada Manabu - - 2013
Because stromal cells can regulate the growth and metastasis of tumor cells, a compound that modulates the interaction between the stromal cells and the tumor cells can control the tumor progression. In the course of our screening for such a compound, we have isolated a new compound, intervenolin, from the ...
Sumoza-Toledo Adriana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Airway inflammation and asthma have been linked to oxidative stress and the melastatin-related transient receptor potential cation channel, member 2 (TRPM2), which can be activated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: Using TRPM2 deficient (TRPM2-/-) mice, we investigated whether ...
Segal Nancy L - - 2013
The twin children who survived the Holocaust and the horrific medical experiments conducted by Nazi doctors are sometimes overlooked in the relevant literature. This topic and more were discussed as part of an annual conference hosted by students from Yeshiva University's Medical Ethics Society in October 2012. A selective summary ...
Murray D W - - 2013
The Exeter femoral stem is a double-tapered highly polished collarless cemented implant with good long-term clinical results. In order to determine why the stem functions well we have undertaken a long-term radiostereometric analysis (RSA) study. A total of 20 patients undergoing primary Exeter total hip replacement for osteoarthritis using the ...
Moreno María J MJ National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 4 (IGFBP-4/IBP-4) has potent IGF-independent anti-angiogenic and antitumorigenic effects. In this study, we demonstrated that these activities are located in the IGFBP-4 C-terminal protein fragment (CIBP-4), a region containing a thyroglobulin type 1 (Tg1) domain. Proteins bearing Tg1 domains have been shown to inhibit cathepsins, lysosomal ...
Li Zhongwei - - 2013
This Letter presents a multiview phase shifting (MPS) framework for full-resolution and high-speed reconstruction of arbitrary shape dynamic objects. Unlike conventional methods, this framework can directly find the corresponding points from the wrapped phase-maps. Therefore, only a minimum number of images are required for phase shifting to measure arbitrary shape ...
Gao R - - 2013
A method for measurement of a magnetic field by combining photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) and magnetic fluid is presented and experimentally demonstrated. The magnetic fluid is filled into the air holes of the cladding layer in the PCF. Due to the tunable refractive index property of the magnetic fluid, the ...
Stein Alexander - - 2013
Patients presenting with synchronous or metachronous colorectal cancer liver metastases (CLM) should be evaluated for multimodal management with curative intent. Preoperative systemic chemotherapy shows beneficial impact on adjuvant progression-free survival and also borderline on overall survival, without significantly increasing initially R0 resectable patients postoperative complication rates. Postoperative chemotherapy recommended based ...
Beckmann Manfred M Institute of Biological Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth SY23 3DA, - - 2013
Although robust associations between dietary intake and population health are evident from conventional observational epidemiology, the outcomes of large-scale intervention studies testing the causality of those links have often proved inconclusive or have failed to demonstrate causality. This apparent conflict may be due to the well-recognised difficulty in measuring habitual ...
Goubau Christophe - - 2013
The Forkhead box G1 (FOXG1) gene encodes a transcriptional repressor essential for early development of the telencephalon. Intragenic mutations and gene deletions leading to haploinsufficiency cause the congenital variant of Rett syndrome. We here describe Rett syndrome-like patients, three of them carrying a balanced translocation with breakpoint in the chromosome ...
Nakamura Yoshiki - - 2013
This case report describes the significance of orthodontic treatment in reconstruction of a collapsed dental arch and a malocclusion associated with severe periodontitis. A Japanese man (age, 40 years 7 months) had an anterior crossbite, a collapsed occlusion, and severe periodontitis. Orthodontic treatment included the following steps: (1) correction of ...
Zhang Yiwei Y Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Tulane Cancer Center, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2013
Toxicity and chemoresistance are two major issues to hamper the success of current standard tumor chemotherapy. Combined therapy of agents with different mechanisms of action is a feasible and effective means to minimize the side effects and avoid the resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs while improving the antitumor effects. As the ...
Backer Adam S AS Institute of Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford, California 94305, - - 2013
This Letter presents a means of measuring the dipole orientation of a fluorescent, orientationally fixed single molecule, which uses a specially designed phase mask, termed a "quadrated pupil," conjugate to the back focal plane of a conventional wide-field microscope. The method leverages the spatial anisotropy of the far-field emission pattern ...
Tong Van T VT Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Reproductive Health, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2013
We compared three measures of maternal smoking status--prepregnancy, during pregnancy, and smoking cessation during pregnancy-between the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) questionnaire and the 2003 revised birth certificate (BC). We analyzed data from 10,485 women with live births in eight states from the 2008 PRAMS survey, a confidential, anonymous ...
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