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Results 251 - 300 of 2805
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Fritz Ashleigh E - - 2013
Evolution of the capacity to form secondary outgrowths from the principal embryonic axes was a crucial innovation that potentiated the diversification of animal body plans. Precisely how such outgrowths develop in early-branching metazoan species remains poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that three fundamental processes contribute to embryonic tentacle development in ...
Lesnik Dejan - - 2013
This letter presents an optical fiber twist/torsion sensor that utilizes dissimilar polarization-preserving characteristics of standard single-mode and high-birefringence fibers. When only one polarization mode of the high-birefringence fiber is excited, spatial orientation of the E-field vector follows the fiber's principal axis orientation, even when the fiber is twisted around its ...
Shigemura Katsumi - - 2013
The hospital infection control team (ICT) has a major role in suppressing or preventing infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the work of the ICT had affected the antibiograms at the Kobe University Hospital in the past 3 years. The ICT's works are as follows: ...
Westmore G C - - 2013
Of eight thelytokous populations of onion thrips (Thrips tabaci) collected from potato (three populations), onion (four) or Chrysanthemum (one) hosts from various regions of Australia, only those from potato were capable of transmitting Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) in controlled transmission experiments. Genetic differentiation of seven of these eight populations, ...
Nava Caroline - - 2013
Copy number variants (CNVs) have repeatedly been found to cause or predispose to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). For diagnostic purposes, we screened 194 individuals with ASDs for CNVs using Illumina SNP arrays. In several probands, we also analyzed candidate genes located in inherited deletions to unmask autosomal recessive variants. Three ...
Lima Karina Jerônimo Rodrigues Santiago de - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the dentoskeletal changes of patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion treated with either the Jasper jumper appliance or the activator-headgear combination, both associated with fixed appliances. The sample comprised 72 subjects with Class II Division 1 malocclusion divided into 3 groups: group 1 ...
Cheng Shuna - - 2013
Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) offers a noninvasive approach for characterizing the biochemical composition of biological tissue. There has been an increasing interest in the application of multispectral FLIM for medical diagnosis. Central to the clinical translation of FLIM technology is the development of compact and high-speed endoscopy systems. Unfortunately, the ...
Herrin Jeph - - 2013
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends HIV screening in U.S. health-care settings unless providers document a yield of undiagnosed HIV infections of <1 per 1,000 population. However, implementation of this guidance has not been widespread and little is known of the characteristics of hospitals with screening practices in ...
Cusack Karen J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Many of the individuals with serious mental illness involved in the criminal justice system have experienced interpersonal victimization, such as sexual abuse, and have high rates of alcohol and drug use disorders. Little attention has been paid to the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its potential role ...
Mullegama Sureni V - - 2013
Copy number variations associated with abnormal gene dosage have an important role in the genetic etiology of many neurodevelopmental disorders, including intellectual disability (ID) and autism. We hypothesize that the chromosome 2q23.1 region encompassing MBD5 is a dosage-dependent region, wherein deletion or duplication results in altered gene dosage. We previously ...
Smith Thomas E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study sought to describe reasons for disengagement from services and practical guidelines to enhance engagement among individuals with serious mental illness and high need for treatment. METHODS Qualitative interviews were conducted with 56 individuals with serious mental illness and 25 providers recruited from a larger project that used ...
Chen Y - - 2013
There is currently no consensus about the mean volume of blood lost during spinal tumour surgery and surgery for metastatic spinal disease. We conducted a systematic review of papers published in the English language between 31 January 1992 and 31 January 2012. Only papers that clearly presented blood loss data ...
Edwards Stacey L - - 2013
Neurons must cope with extreme membrane trafficking demands to produce axons with organelle compositions that differ dramatically from those of the cell soma and dendrites; however, the mechanism by which they accomplish this is not understood. Here we use electron microscopy and quantitative imaging of tagged organelles to show that ...
Veitz-Keenan Analia - - 2013
The Practitioners Engaged in Applied Research and Learning (PEARL) Network conducted a three-armed randomized clinical study to determine the comparative effectiveness of three treatments for hypersensitive noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs): use of a potassium nitrate dentifrice for treatment of hypersensitivity, placement of a resin-based composite restoration and placement of a ...
Schurgers Leon J - - 2013
Vascular calcification has emerged as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, especially in chronic kidney disease. Deficiencies in calcium-regulatory proteins directly relate to development of calcifications. McCabe and colleagues report that vitamin K is a key regulator of vascular calcification, via carboxylation of vitamin K-dependent proteins such ...
Sergeant Nicholas P - - 2013
Dielectric/metal/dielectric (DMD) electrodes have the potential to significantly increase the absorption efficiency and photocurrent in flexible organic solar cells. We demonstrate that this enhancement is attributed to a broadband cavity resonance. Silver-based semitransparent DMD electrodes with sheet resistances below 10  ohm/sq. are fabricated on flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrates in ...
Amaral Anderson M - - 2013
We show that by spatially arranging topological charges on a phase mask, it is possible to shape the spatial intensity profile of vortex beams in a controlled manner. As proof-of-principle experiments, we generated vortex beams with the spatial shape of straight lines, corners, and triangles. Potential applications for shaped beams ...
Fan Xuemei - - 2013
Abstract The high failure rate of traditional procedures of repairing pelvic organ prolapse by using sutures pushes multiple transvaginal mesh delivery systems into the marketplace; however, these are currently without optimal clinical results. We observed the short-term histological changes and the effects of Th1/Th2 cytokines after the implantation in rabbit ...
James Bawo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE The number of psychiatrists in Nigeria is inadequate to meet the treatment needs for neuropsychiatric disorders. Developing mental health competency in the future Nigerian physician workforce is one approach to filling the treatment gap. The authors aimed to assess medical students' attitudes to this training and its relevance to ...
Bunker T D - - 2013
Despite the expansion of arthroscopic surgery of the shoulder, the open deltopectoral approach to the shoulder is still frequently used, for example in fracture fixation and shoulder replacement. However, it is sometimes accompanied by unexpected bleeding. The cephalic vein is the landmark for the deltopectoral interval, yet its intimate relationship ...
Hoff Ulrich B - - 2013
We report on a hitherto unexplored application of squeezed light: for quantum-enhancement of mechanical transduction sensitivity in microcavity optomechanics. Using a toroidal silica microcavity, we experimentally demonstrate measurement of the transduced phase modulation signal in the frequency range 4-5.8 MHz with a sensitivity -0.72(±0.01)  dB below the shot noise level. This is ...
Gayer C W - - 2013
We demonstrate the feasibility of measuring x-ray refractive indices by transparent edge diffraction without recourse to the Kramers-Kronig relations. The method requires a coherent x-ray source, a transparent sample with a straight edge, and a high resolution x-ray detector. Here, we use the aluminum K<sub>α</sub> radiation originating from a laser-produced ...
Sundeen Sandra J - - 2013
The Practice Research Network (PRN) in Maryland, funded by a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health, extends the historically close collaborative relationship between the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Maryland and the Maryland Mental Hygiene Administration. The PRN focuses on the relationship between university-based investigators and ...
Zhang Ying - - 2013
Electron microscopy (EM) should be used in the front line for detection of agents in emergencies and bioterrorism, on accounts of its speed and accuracy. However, the number of EM diagnostic laboratories has decreased considerably and an increasing number of people encounter difficulties with EM results. Therefore, the research on ...
Gutkin Ellen - - 2013
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) accounts for 400,000 hospital admissions in the US each year. Despite advances, mortality rates remain high and are estimated to be 5-10%. Early therapeutic endoscopy is widely recommended as a means of reducing morbidity and mortality. The Rockall and Blatchford scores are clinical scoring systems devised ...
Mariano F C M Q - - 2013
Several researchers have developed prediction equations to estimate the metabolisable energy (ME) of energetic and protein concentrate feedstuffs used in diets for broilers. The ME is estimated by considering CP, ether extract, ash and fibre contents. However, the results obtained using traditional regression analysis methods have been inconsistent and new ...
Besson Morgane - - 2013
Impulsivity shares high co-morbidity with substance abuse in humans and high impulsivity in rats has been identified as a predictive factor of cocaine addiction-like behaviors. Despite the evidence that high impulsivity is associated with altered function of corticostriatal networks, the specific neural substrates underlying the increased vulnerability of impulsive individuals ...
Amini Homayoun - - 2013
OBJECTIVES The study aimed to assess 1) the attitudes of medical students in the sixth and seventh years (known as interns in Iran) toward psychiatry as a career choice, and 2) the degree of attractiveness of psychiatry as a career choice, with regard to various defined aspects, before and after ...
Park C-H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the results of proximal and distal chevron osteotomy in patients with moderate hallux valgus. We retrospectively reviewed 34 proximal chevron osteotomies without lateral release (PCO group) and 33 distal chevron osteotomies (DCO group) performed sequentially by a single surgeon. There were no ...
Devlaminck Vincent - - 2013
In this Letter, we address the question of physical validity of differential Mueller matrix. A parameterization of entries of this differential matrix is proposed. It ensures that the generators associated with depolarization terms lead to physical Mueller matrices as for the nondepolarizing terms. A general expression for the depolarizing part ...
Nakamura Tomoya - - 2013
This Letter describes a projection system with extended depth of field (DOF) and field of view (FOV). In the proposed system, an input image is projected with varying focusing distances and optical axis directions, and the projected images are superposed on a three-dimensional screen to realize a three-dimensionally space-invariant point ...
Mao Yaqing - - 2013
Blood samples were collected from a local strain of chickens associated with serious tumor cases in Shandong Province. The samples were inoculated into chicken embryo fibroblast and DF-1 cells for virus isolation and identification, respectively. The inoculated cells were screened for three common chicken tumor viruses. Nine strains of avian ...
Rhee M-Y - - 2013
Objectives:Accurate estimation of sodium intake by a precise and reproducible method is crucial in sodium intake reduction policy. This study tested the feasibility of 24-h urine (24HU) collection method and estimated sodium intake of a major city population from a representative adult sample.Subjects/methods:A representative population (aged 20-65 years) was selected ...
Rashid A - - 2013
Lateral clavicular physeal injuries in adolescents are frequently misinterpreted as acromioclavicular dislocations. There are currently no clear guidelines for the management of these relatively rare injuries. Non-operative treatment can result in a cosmetic deformity, warranting resection of the non-remodelled original lateral clavicle. However, fixation with Kirschner (K)-wires may be associated ...
Duina Andrea A - - 2013
An article from Alan Hinnebusch's laboratory in the March 2013 issue of GENETICS establishes an exciting new link between proteins with well-established roles in the endomembrane system and the process of transcription elongation. This Primer article provides tools needed for students to fully appreciate, analyze, and critically evaluate the experiments ...
Kramann Rafael - - 2013
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a pleiotropic factor with multiple physiological functions in morphogenesis, cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and calcium homeostasis. In the kidney, PTHrP is known to be expressed abundantly and to be upregulated in various experimental nephropathies, showing growth-modulatory and proinflammatory properties. Ardura et al. demonstrate a possible ...
Ashrafi Reza - - 2013
We experimentally demonstrate a superluminal space-to-time mapping process in grating-assisted (GA) codirectional coupling devices, particularly fiber long period gratings (LPGs). Through this process, the grating complex (amplitude and phase) apodization profile is directly mapped into the device's temporal impulse response. In contrast to GA counterdirectional couplers, e.g., Bragg gratings, this ...
Cheng Hua - - 2013
We present a mid-IR highly tunable optical polarization converter composed of asymmetric graphene nanocrosses. It can convert linearly polarized light to circularly and elliptically polarized light or exhibit a giant optical activity at different wavelengths. The transmitted wavelength and polarization states can also be dynamically tuned by varying the Fermi ...
George Melissa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE School programs provided by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP) were reviewed to describe program characteristics, costs, and ratings of research and dissemination. METHODS Data were gathered from the NREPP to identify mental health programs adaptable for schools. Program ...
Zhang Hangxiao - - 2013
Brine shrimps, Artemia (Crustacea, Anostraca), inhabit hypersaline environments and have a broad geographical distribution from sea level to high plateaus. Artemia therefore possess significant genetic diversity, which gives them their outstanding adaptability. To understand this remarkable plasticity, we sequenced the mitochondrial genomes of two Artemia tibetiana isolates from the Tibetan ...
Boynton Wen - - 2013
Diverticulosis is one of the most common gastrointestinal conditions affecting the general population in the Western world. It is estimated that over 2.5 million people are affected by diverticular disease in the United States. The spectrum of clinical manifestations of diverticulosis ranges from asymptomatic diverticulosis to complicated diverticulitis. Treatment for ...
Ma Hongyan - - 2013
Methods for the detection of plasmid loss in natural environments have typically relied on replica plating, selective markers and PCR. However, these traditional methods have the limitations of low sensitivity, underestimation of specific cell populations, and lack of insightful data for non-homogeneous environments. We have developed a non-invasive microscopic analytical ...
Ooki Syuichi - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to clarify the characteristics of fatal child maltreatment in families with multiple births in Japan. An exhaustive information search was performed to find multiple-birth cases between July 2003 and March 2011. There were 437 cases of fatal maltreatment of children aged 0-17 years ...
Zeybek Burak - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To investigate the possible roles of selected single nucleotide gene polymorphisms (SNPs) of the activin A receptor type 2A (ACVR2A) gene in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Methods: Ninety-four patients with preeclampsia and 166 healthy pregnant women were included in this study. Genomic DNA was extracted from venous blood ...
Estacio-Gómez Alicia - - 2013
Although the Hox genes are the main factors involved in the generation of diversity along the anterior/posterior body axis of segmented organisms, it is still largely unknown how these genes act in single cells to determine specific traits at precise developmental stages. The aim of this study was to understand ...
Borovoi Anatoli - - 2013
The backscattering reciprocity theorem is considered for large particles as compared with the incident wavelength particles of arbitrary shape. It is shown that, in the specific case of faceted particles, this theorem is provided by the appearance of pairs of conjugate backscattered beams. A parameter characterizing a deviation of any ...
Bruska Marta K - - 2013
Many but not all iron-sulphur clusters in metalloproteins are known to be sensitive to molecular oxygen with dramatic consequences for their biological function. We performed a systematic quantum chemical investigation that sheds light on the differences in oxygen sensitivity depending on charge and spin states of these clusters as well ...
Ichihara Kiyoshi - - 2013
Abstract Background: In a planned International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) worldwide study on reference intervals (RIs), a common panel of serum samples is to be measured by laboratories from different countries, and test results are to be compared through conversion using linear regression analysis. This report ...
Seeman Mary V - - 2013
Sexual dysfunction is common among women with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotic medication. Multiple factors influence sexual function and reproductive health in this patient population, including the effects of medications on prolactin secretion and the complexities of making contraceptive decisions in the context of a serious mental illness. The author explores ...
Bi Renzhe - - 2013
Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) is an emerging modality for noninvasive deep tissue blood flow monitoring that is becoming increasingly popular; it conducts an autocorrelation analysis of fast fluctuating photon count signals from a single speckle. In this Letter, we show that the same level of deep tissue flow information can ...
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