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An Lin - - 2013
We report use of high-speed spectral domain optical coherence tomography to noninvasively image pulsatile axial movement of the optic nerve head (ONH) in normal human subjects. Time-lapse B-scan mode is used to image the ONH at 500 frames per second. Capture of phase differences between adjacent B-scans permits extraction of ...
Logan Jennifer L - - 2013
Homeless young adults are exposed to multiple risk factors for HIV infection. We identified HIV risk behaviors and their correlates among homeless young adults in Portland, Oregon. We conducted a community-based, cross-sectional survey of HIV risk behaviors among homeless young adults aged 18-25 years in 2010. Participants completed three study ...
Sumithran P - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Diet-induced weight loss is accompanied by compensatory changes, which increase appetite and encourage weight regain. There is some evidence that ketogenic diets suppress appetite. The objective is to examine the effect of ketosis on a number of circulating factors involved in appetite regulation, following diet-induced weight loss.Subjects/Methods:Of 50 non-diabetic overweight ...
Gorrepati Lakshmi - - 2013
The C. elegans seam cells are lateral epithelial cells arrayed in a single line from anterior to posterior that divide in an asymmetric, stem cell-like manner during larval development. These asymmetric divisions are regulated by Wnt signaling; in most divisions, the posterior daughter in which the Wnt pathway is activated ...
Chavan Dhwajal - - 2013
We present an experimental setup that combines optical coherence elastography depth sensing with atomic force microscope indentation. The instrument relies on a miniaturized cantilever probe that compresses a sample with a small footprint force and simultaneously collects an optical coherence tomography (OCT) depth profile underneath the indenting point. The deflection ...
Pu Li - - 2013
Epigenetic regulation of gene expression is of fundamental importance for eukaryotic development. EMBRYONIC FLOWER1 (EMF1) is a plant-specific gene that participates in PcG-mediated transcriptional repression of target genes such as the flower MADS Box genes AGAMOUS, APETALA3 and PISTILLATA. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the curly leaf and ...
Mbata Godwin C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. Severity assessment is a major starting point in the proper management of CAP. The BTS guideline for managing this condition is simple and does not require sophisticated equipment. Adherence to this guideline will improve CAP management ...
Guan Wei - - 2013
Systematic DFT calculations were carried out on a series of heterodinuclear complexes [(o-(Ph2P)C6H4)3M(1)M(2)Cl](+) (M(1) = As, Sb, or Bi; M(2) = Pd or Pt) to investigate the mechanism of colorimetric sensing function for the fluoride anion. The fluoride anion binds with the M(1) center to afford a hypervalent M(1) species ...
Le Cong Minh - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to describe the safety profile of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) using the Oxylog 3000 transport ventilator (Drager Medical, Lübeck, Germany) by air medical retrieval teams from the Queensland Section of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia. Over a 3-year period, patients identified ...
Colaris J W - - 2013
Forearm fractures in children have a tendency to displace in a cast leading to malunion with reduced functional and cosmetic results. In order to identify risk factors for displacement, a total of 247 conservatively treated fractures of the forearm in 246 children with a mean age of 7.3 years (sd ...
Chi Donald L - - 2013
The authors examined the correlates of root caries experience for middle-aged adults (aged 45-64 years) and older adults (65 years and older) to test the hypothesis that the factors related to root caries are different for middle-aged adults than they are for older adults. The authors conducted an observational cross-sectional ...
Otsuka Kenju - - 2013
We report a simple method for generating cylindrical vector beams directly from laser-diode (LD)-pumped microchip solid-state lasers by using dual end-pumping beams. Radially as well as azimuthally polarized vector field emissions have been generated from the common c-cut Nd:GdVO<sub>4</sub> laser cavity merely by controlling the focus positions of orthogonally polarized ...
Fan Fei - - 2013
The state conversion and terahertz (THz) wave modulation based on a plasmonic device composed of silicon column arrays with vanadium dioxide (VO<sub>2</sub>) coating were experimentally demonstrated. For double 45° tilted optical pumping, a state conversion from dielectric photonic crystal (PC) to metallic PC was demonstrated due to the insulator-metal transition ...
Hodges Ryan J - - 2013
In this study, we measured the impact of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) on orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Participant orthodontists shown traditional orthodontic records for 6 patients were asked to provide a diagnostic problem list, a hypothetical treatment plan, and a clinical certainty. They then evaluated a CBCT scan for ...
Cao Zhurong - - 2013
A type of low-pass filter devices for soft x rays is investigated by using a microchannel plate (MCP) of small channels with square cross section. The measured transmission spectra on the Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility showed that the MCP has excellent bandpass effects below 1.5 keV by grazing incidence and internal ...
Goldberg Shoshana - - 2013
We examined associations between two definitions of sexual minority status (SMS) and substance abuse and/or dependence among young adults in a national population. A total of 14,152 respondents (7,529 women and 6,623 men) interviewed during wave four of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were included in the study ...
Han Kyoung-Sim - - 2013
The MondoA:Mlx transcription complex plays a pivotal role in glucose homeostasis by activating target gene expression in response to glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), the first reaction intermediate in glycolysis. Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) is a direct and glucose-responsive target of MondoA that triggers a negative feedback loop by restricting glucose uptake when G6P ...
Van Ryswyk Keith - - 2013
Personal activity patterns have often been suggested as a source of unexplained variability when comparing personal particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure to modeled data using central site or microenvironmental data. To characterize the effect of personal activity patterns on asthmatic children's personal PM2.5 exposure, data from the Windsor, Ontario Exposure Assessment ...
Wen Chao - - 2013
The variation of the supports on the Cu/SiO2 catalyst plays an important role in the catalytic performance for hydrogenation of dimethyl oxalate. The loss of silica in the form of tetramethoxysilane from the support under the reaction conditions is responsible for the deactivation of the Cu/SiO2 catalyst.
Yim Sung Sun - - 2013
Corynebacterium glutamicum is an important industrial organism that is widely used in the production of amino acids, nucleotides and vitamins. To extend its product spectrum and improve productivity, C. glutamicum needs to undergo further engineering, including the development of applicable promoter system. Here, we isolated new promoters from the fully ...
Abdel M P - - 2013
Instability after arthroplasty of the shoulder is difficult to correct surgically. Soft-tissue procedures and revision surgery using unconstrained anatomical components are associated with a high rate of failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the results of revision of an unstable anatomical shoulder arthroplasty to a reverse design ...
Patel Manthan H - - 2013
The authors conducted an analysis of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to understand the association between diabetes and tooth loss in the United States. The authors analyzed the oral examination and self-reported diabetes data obtained from the NHANES 2003-2004 cycle and included 2,508 participants representing ...
Dai Daoxin - - 2013
A small silicon mode (de)multiplexer with cascaded asymmetrical directional couplers is demonstrated experimentally. As an example, a four channel mode (de)multiplexer is designed and realized for TM polarization. The fabricated mode (de)multiplexer has a low excess loss (<1  dB) as well as low crosstalk (≤23 dB) over a broad wavelength range (∼20  nm). ...
Stiller Birgit - - 2013
We report the experimental observation of self-induced modulation instability (MI) in a Brillouin fiber laser made with a solid-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with strong anomalous dispersion. We identify this MI as the result of parametric amplification of optical sidebands generated by guided acoustic modes within the core of the ...
Wang Xile - - 2013
Coxiella burnetii is the etiological agent of Q fever. To identify its major seroreactive proteins, a subgenomic protein array was developed. A total of 101 assumed virulence-associated recombinant proteins of C. burnetii were probed with sera from mice experimentally infected with C. burnetii and sera from Q fever patients. Sixteen ...
Sobhani Iradj - - 2013
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is posing an increasingly important burden on the health care system, with western countries seeing a growing incidence of the disease. Except for germline DNA mutations which have been attributed to less than 5% of patients, little is known about the main causes of CRC. However, environment ...
Zhu Kui - - 2013
We present a cellular logic circuit for deciphering the profiles of toxin production in B. cereus, using multiple readout techniques based on the pore formation on the cell membrane. This new assay enables the simultaneous detection of seven biomarkers in pathogenic strains from various samples.
Holzer Laurent - - 2013
Background: Computer assisted cognitive remediation (CACR) was demonstrated to be efficient in improving cognitive deficits in adults with psychosis. However, scarce studies explored the outcome of CACR in adolescents with psychosis or at high risk. Aims: To investigate the effectiveness of a computer-assisted cognitive remediation (CACR) program in adolescents with ...
Gunnerud U J - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Whey proteins have insulinogenic properties and the effect appears to be mediated from a postprandial plasma amino-acid (AA) response. The aim was to study the possible dose-response relationship between whey intake and glycaemic-, insulinaemic- and plasma AA responses.Subjects/Methods:Twelve healthy volunteers participated in the study. They were provided three whey protein ...
Holinka J - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether coating titanium discs with selenium in the form of sodium selenite decreased bacterial adhesion of Staphylococcus aureus and Staph. epidermidis and impeded osteoblastic cell growth. In order to evaluate bacterial adhesion, sterile titanium discs were coated with increasing concentrations of selenium ...
Hopper Anita K - - 2013
Transfer RNAs (tRNAs) are essential for protein synthesis. In eukaryotes, tRNA biosynthesis employs a specialized RNA polymerase that generates initial transcripts that must be subsequently altered via a multitude of post-transcriptional steps before the tRNAs beome mature molecules that function in protein synthesis. Genetic, genomic, biochemical, and cell biological approaches ...
Alam M Z - - 2013
We have experimentally demonstrated a compact, integrated optical hydrogen sensor on a silicon-on-insulator platform. The sensor consists of silicon waveguide coated with a thin palladium film. The sensitivity and response time of the sensor was tested for volumetric hydrogen concentrations ranging from 0% to 4%. The proposed hydrogen sensor shows ...
Théberge Francis - - 2013
We report an efficient transfer of 800 nm energy into both the ultraviolet and the far infrared (IR) during the filamentation in air of an appropriately shaped laser pulse. The multiorder enhancement of the IR supercontinuum in the 3-5 μm atmospheric transmission windows was achieved thanks to spectral-step cascaded four-wave mixing occurring ...
Chen Youhua - - 2013
Successful wildlife management must take into account suitable habitat areas. Information on the correlation between distribution ranges and environmental conditions would, therefore, improve the efficacy of in-situ conservation of wildlife. In this contribution, correlations between environmental factors and the distribution of 51 amphibians in southern and central China were investigated. ...
Grec Roberto Henrique da Costa - - 2013
The aims of this meta-analysis were to quantify and to compare the amounts of distalization and anchorage loss of conventional and skeletal anchorage methods in the correction of Class II malocclusion with intraoral distalizers. The literature was searched through 5 electronic databases, and inclusion criteria were applied. Articles that presented ...
Shao Yonghong - - 2013
A wavelength-multiplexing phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance (SPR) imaging sensor offering wide dynamic detection range and microarray capability is reported. Phase detection is accomplished by performing self-interference between the s- and p- polarizations within the signal beam. A liquid crystal tunable filter is used to sequentially select the SPR excitation wavelength ...
Kim Hyun Kyu - - 2013
In this Letter, a light-emitting diode (LED) with prism-shaped-air-ring microstructures (PSAMs) formed on flat sapphire substrate is demonstrated as an alternative design to face-up LEDs on patterned sapphire substrate (PSS) for enhanced light extraction efficiency. In this LED design, the emitted photons can be deflected to the top of the ...
Marcus Sue M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) may have limited generalizability for the community when a high proportion of individuals refuse randomization or otherwise do not participate-a not uncommon phenomenon. A randomized waitlist-control trial of the Family-to-Family (FTF) education program, a 12-week course offered by the National Alliance on Mental Illness for ...
Bischof Sylvain - - 2013
The branched glucans glycogen and starch are the most widespread storage carbohydrates in living organisms. The production of semicrystalline starch granules in plants is more complex than that of small, soluble glycogen particles in microbes and animals. However, the factors determining whether glycogen or starch is formed are not fully ...
Melenka Garrett W - - 2013
Archwire rotation is used in orthodontic treatment to alter the labiolingual orientation of a tooth. Measurement of the 3-dimensional (3D) motion of the orthodontic brackets requires a new configuration of the orthodontic torque simulator. The orthodontic torque simulator was coupled with a stereo microscope and 2 cameras to allow for ...
Tang Hongchun - - 2013
Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM), whose image quality largely depends on the optical absorption of samples, provides endogenous information for structural and functional imaging. However, PAM technology in general can not provide edge enhancement imaging for absorbing objects. Therefore, PAM and differential microscopy are integrated for the first time in a single ...
Wang Meng - - 2013
Point mutations in human mitochondrial tRNAs (hmtRNAs) can cause various disorders such as chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) and mitochondrial myopathy (MM). Mitochondrial tRNALeu , especially UUR isoacceptor is recognised as a hot spot for pathogenic mitochondrial DNA point mutations. Thus far, 40 mutations have been identified in hmtRNAsLeu. Here, ...
Flood Victoria M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A simple FFQ which ranks young children's dietary habits is necessary for population-based monitoring and intervention programmes. The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability and validity of a short FFQ to assess the dietary habits of young children aged 2-5 years. DESIGN: Parents completed a ...
Cheung Cs - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the psychological impact following early miscarriage between women who conceived naturally and women who conceived following assisted reproduction. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Assisted reproduction clinic and general gynaecological unit in a university-affiliated, tertiary referral hospital. POPULATION: A cohort of 150 women (75 after natural conception; 75 ...
Ormondroyd Elizabeth - - 2013
Inherited cardiac conditions (ICCs) can lead to sudden cardiac death at any age, yet are often asymptomatic and clinically undetected. Prophylactic interventions are available and cascade testing is recommended to identify family members at risk. When a disease-causing mutation has been identified in a family, pre-symptomatic genetic testing (PSGT) is ...
Weber Diana W - - 2013
Although natural head position has proven to be reliable in the sagittal plane, with an increasing interest in 3-dimensional craniofacial analysis, a determination of its reproducibility in the coronal and axial planes is essential. This study was designed to evaluate the reproducibility of natural head position over time in the ...
Kurien T - - 2013
We reviewed 59 bone graft substitutes marketed by 17 companies currently available for implantation in the United Kingdom, with the aim of assessing the peer-reviewed literature to facilitate informed decision-making regarding their use in clinical practice. After critical analysis of the literature, only 22 products (37%) had any clinical data. ...
Zervas Michalis N - - 2013
We demonstrate that single polarization, hi-bi fiber DFB lasers are, in general, characterized by elliptical state of polarization (SOP), due to the in-built fiber birefringence axis rotation. Externally applied birefringence axis twist is shown to provide accurate control of the output SOP. Continuous tuning from circular to linear polarization, with ...
Geraghty Estella M - - 2013
Insecticides reduce vector-borne pathogen transmission but also pose health risks. In August 2005, Sacramento County, California, underwent emergency aerial ultralow-volume (ULV) application of pyrethrin insecticide to reduce the population of West Nile virus (WNV)-infected mosquitoes and thereby interrupt enzootic and tangential transmission. We assessed the association between aerially applied pyrethrin ...
Stagg John - - 2013
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), as defined by the absence of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 expression, is a challenging disease with the poorest prognosis of all breast cancer subtypes. Importantly, there are currently no known molecular targets for this subgroup of patients. Recent advances ...
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