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Li Guoliang - - 2013
We demonstrate here a simple one-pot approach to directly fabricate hierarchical hollow anatase TiO2 spheres with a mesoporous shell architecture, which show improved visible light photocatalytic activity owing to their unique structure.
Relun A - - 2013
This study aimed to catalogue the digital dermatitis (DD) treatment practices used by French dairy farmers and to identify the motivators and barriers to the adoption of these treatments. A semi-structured survey was conducted involving 65 farmers in the main dairy production areas of France in the spring of 2009. ...
Mizuno Yosuke - - 2013
A cost-effective technique for coupling a polymer optical fiber (POF) with 50 μm core diameter to a silica single-mode fiber (SMF) with 8 μm core diameter is proposed, which can, by exploiting a multimode fiber with 50 μm core diameter, avoid the damage or burning at the butt-coupled POF/SMF interface. Using this coupling ...
Linehan W Marston - - 2013
Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) is a hereditary cancer syndrome in which affected individuals are at risk for development of cutaneous and uterine leiomyomas and an aggressive form of type II papillary kidney cancer. HLRCC is characterized by germline mutation of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) enzyme, fumarate ...
Huang Jin - - 2013
The progress in NCA polymerisation combined with advanced orthogonal functionalization techniques as well as the integration with other controlled polymerisation techniques significantly widened the scope of polypeptide building blocks in a variety of material designs. Well-defined synthetic stimuli-responsive polypeptides ("smart" polypeptides) with incorporated different functionalities have been extensively explored over ...
Liu Jin-Biao - - 2013
The first palladium-catalyzed Suzuki cross-coupling of N'-tosyl arylhydrazines with various organoboron reagents has been developed for the preparation of biaryl compounds in high yields. N'-Tosyl arylhydrazine as a readily available and stable electrophile also demonstrated its generality in a number of coupling reactions.
Xu Wei - - 2013
From an interplay of high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) imaging and density functional theory (DFT) calculations we reveal how a molecular conformational change induced self-assembly process can result in the conversion from a random molecular phase to the formation of two types of ordered surface nanostructures with different apparent heights.
Burgut F Tuna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To assure adequate treatment for patients with mental illness worldwide, medical schools must impart positive attitudes toward psychiatry. The authors examined the effect of culture on changes in attitudes toward psychiatry among medical students receiving the same psychiatry clerkship curriculum in two different countries. METHODS A group of 74 ...
Gøthesen O - - 2013
We evaluated the rates of survival and cause of revision of seven different brands of cemented primary total knee replacement (TKR) in the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register during the years 1994 to 2009. Revision for any cause, including resurfacing of the patella, was the primary endpoint. Specific causes of revision were ...
Buehler Andreas - - 2013
Multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) of functional and molecular contrast has the potential to find broad deployment in clinical practice. We have developed the first handheld MSOT imaging device with fast wavelength tuning achieving a frame rate of 50 Hz. In this Letter, we demonstrate its clinical potential by dynamically resolving multiple ...
Bonora S - - 2013
We present a beam characterization system for infrared lasers which can measure both wavefront and beam profile with visible detectors. While previous studies demonstrated the conversion from the visible to the near infrared, this device exploits the wavelength conversion from the infrared to the visible, which is based on the ...
Ma Yongchao - - 2013
Immunosenescence is described as a decline in the normal functioning of the immune system associated with physiologic ageing. Immunosenescence contributes to reduced efficacy to vaccination and increased susceptibility to infectious diseases in the elderly. Extensive studies of laboratory animal models of ageing or donor lymphocyte analysis have identified changes in ...
Stroet Anke - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS)-related spasticity is associated with disability and impairment in quality of life. We report on a patient with secondary progressive MS and spastic tetraparesis (Expanded Disability Status Scale score 8.5). The right arm exhibited flexor spasticity resulting in functional disability despite multimodal symptomatic treatment. Intrathecal baclofen led to ...
Keynejad Roxanne - - 2013
OBJECTIVE The proportion of U.K. medical students applying for psychiatry training continues to decline, whereas, in Somaliland, there are no public-sector psychiatrists. This pilot study assessed the usefulness and feasibility of online, instant messenger, peer-to-peer exchange for psychiatry education between cultures. METHOD Twenty medical students from King's College, London, and ...
Maletis G B - - 2013
We examined the association of graft type with the risk of early revision of primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in a community-based sample. A retrospective analysis of a cohort of 9817 ACLRs recorded in an ACLR Registry was performed. Patients were included if they underwent primary ACLR with bone-patellar ...
Jinks-Robertson Sue - - 2013
The Genetics Society of America annually honors members who have made outstanding contributions to genetics. The Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal recognizes a lifetime contribution to the science of genetics. The Genetics Society of America Medal recognizes particularly outstanding contributions to the science of genetics over the past 32 years. The ...
Lochbihler Hans - - 2013
Subwavelength gratings coated with metal-dielectric-metal layers and embedded in a dielectric exhibit distinctive color properties in reflectance. The reflected color of incident unpolarized white light can be tuned by the modulation depth of the grating. It is shown that reflective colored images may be reproduced by this type of gratings ...
Ibarra Fuste Jose A - - 2013
Closed-form expressions explicitly relating modulation bandwidth and active length in electro-optic traveling wave modulators are presented which fully account for skin-effect electrode loss and optical-electrical wave velocities mismatch. Four operative margins have been identified where the bandwidth-length trade-off figure of merit takes simple forms.
Mestre Tiago A - - 2013
Impulse control disorders are a psychiatric condition characterized by the failure to resist an impulsive act or behavior that may be harmful to self or others. In movement disorders, impulse control disorders are associated with dopaminergic treatment, notably dopamine agonists (DAs). Impulse control disorders have been studied extensively in Parkinson's ...
Liu Pei - - 2013
A novel and efficient procedure for the synthesis of δ,γ-alkenyl esters with complete E-stereochemistry by the 1,4-addition of alkenes to acrylate esters in the presence of a catalytic amount of palladium chloride has been developed. This method provides a rapid and efficient access to substituted δ,γ-alkenyl esters.
Preston Nicholas D - - 2013
One Health approaches have tended to focus on closer collaboration among veterinarians and medical professionals, but remain unclear about how ecological approaches could be applied or how they might benefit public health and disease control. In this chapter, we review ecological concepts, and discuss their relevance to health, with an ...
Maffeis C - - 2013
Background/objectives:To investigate the relationship between postprandial nutrient balance, satiety and hormone changes induced by two different meals taken after a moderate intensity exercise bout.Subjects/Methods:Ten prepubertal obese children participated in the study. The experiment was designed as a cross-over study for repeated measures. Each test period lasted five consecutive hours during ...
Dalto Joseph D - - 2013
Poor communication can result in adverse events. Presently, no standards exist for classifying and analyzing air medical communication errors. This study sought to determine the frequency and types of communication errors reported within an air medical quality and safety assurance reporting system. Of 825 quality assurance reports submitted in 2009, ...
Benedetti Valentini M - - 2013
Of 48 consecutive children with Gartland III supracondylar fractures, 11 (23%) had evidence of vascular injury, with an absent radial pulse. The hand was pink and warm in eight and white and cold in the other three patients. They underwent colour-coded duplex scanning (CCDS) and ultrasound velocimetry (UV) to investigate ...
Hersh Elliot V - - 2013
The authors evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of 10 percent and 20 percent benzocaine gels compared with those of a vehicle (placebo) gel for the temporary relief of toothache pain. They also assessed the compliance with the label dose administration directions on the part of participants with toothache pain. Under ...
Abboud Hanna E - - 2013
A recent clinical trial in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetic nephropathy demonstrated that bardoxolone methyl (CDDO-ME) increases estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by an unknown mechanism. The paper by Ding et al. suggests that short-term administration of a CDDO-ME analog increases GFR by increasing glomerular surface area. ...
Simsek Ergun - - 2013
A closed-form approximate expression for the optical conductivity of graphene is developed, which generates results with less than 0.8% maximum absolute error for λ>250  nm. The expression takes wavelength, temperature, chemical potential, and hopping parameter into account and provides a fast, easy, and reliable alternative to well-known methods that include singular ...
Luo Xin - - 2013
A high-uniformity multichannel plasmonic filter based on metal-insulator-metal (MIM) waveguide is proposed. It consists of two metal layers and sandwiched multiple insulator super units structured by alternately stacking two insulators with different refractive indices. By linearly lengthening the high refractive index insulators in each super unit, the dispersion-induced loss coefficient ...
Meesters Johannes Aj - - 2013
Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) possess novel properties making them attractive for application in a wide spectrum of fields. These novel properties are not accounted for in the environmental risk assessment methods REACH proposes in their guidance on environmental exposure estimation, although ENMs are already applied in a variety of consumer and ...
Song Jie - - 2013
Monoclinic NaVOPO4 is explored as a cathode material for a sodium ion battery. It exhibits electrochemical activity operating at an average potential of 3.6 V (vs. Na(+)/Na) and delivers a reversible capacity of 90 mA h g(-1) at 1/15 C.
Ha Mi-Sun - - 2013
Abstract Using a stepwise assessment of the exposure of Korean consumers to acesulfame K and sucralose, theoretical maximum daily intakes of the sweeteners were calculated using the Budget screening method, which resulted in values greater than the acceptable daily intakes (ADIs). Accordingly, the daily intakes of the sweeteners based on ...
Günther K-P - - 2013
Increasing data are available describing risk factors for the development of local and systemic adverse events following operations using metal-on-metal (MoM) hip implants. The prevalence and clinical relevance of metal-associated problems are, however, still under debate. They can be influenced by type and position of implant as well as patient-specific ...
Retamero Carolina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE The authors compared the NBME subject examination scores and subspecialty profiles of 3rd-year medical students who were assigned to psychiatry subspecialties during their clerkship with those who were not. METHOD The authors collated and analyzed the shelf examination scores, the clinical grades, and the child psychiatry and emergency psychiatry ...
Horstmann W G - - 2013
Autologous retransfusion and no-drainage are both blood-saving measures in total hip replacement (THR). A new combined intra- and post-operative autotransfusion filter system has been developed especially for primary THR, and we conducted a randomised controlled blinded study comparing this with no-drainage. A total of 204 THR patients were randomised to ...
Gu Yalong - - 2013
We investigated the scintillation properties of nonuniformly correlated (NUC) beams in atmospheric turbulence and have shown that NUC beams can not only have lower scintillation but also higher intensity than Gaussian-Schell model beams and even higher intensity than coherent Gaussian beams over certain propagation distances.
Wang Tao - - 2013
The far-zone scattered spectrum has been investigated for the scattering of two correlated sources from a deterministic medium. It is shown that red shift or blue shift can be produced in the far-zone scattered spectrum, and the spectral shift is influenced by the source correlation.
Lehmann-Horn Klaus - - 2013
Recent years have substantially broadened our view on the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). While earlier concepts focused predominantly on T lymphocytes as the key cell type to mediate inflammatory damage within central nervous system (CNS) lesions, emerging evidence suggests that B lymphocytes may play a comparably important role both ...
Zhong Hui - - 2013
A very important yet really challenging issue to address is how to greatly increase the energy density of supercapacitors to approach or even exceed those of batteries without sacrificing the power density. Herein we report the fabrication of a new class of ultrahigh surface area hierarchical porous carbon (UHSA-HPC) based ...
Singh Dig Vijay - - 2013
Abstract Numerous cases of self-inflicted foreign bodies in the male urethra have been reported. A case of a self-inflicted urethral injury or hemangioma in an adolescent that presented a dilemma is described here. An adolescent male of 14 years presented with a complaint of intermittent urethral bleeding for a week. ...
Schillerstrom Jason E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE In order to better manage medical student absences during the psychiatry clerkship, a policy allowing students to miss up to 3 days without penalty was developed. The purpose of this study was to describe absence patterns and compare academic performance between students with and without absences. METHOD Authors reviewed ...
Monazzam S - - 2013
We investigated the development of CT-based bony radiological parameters associated with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in a paediatric and adolescent population with no known orthopaedic hip complaints. We retrospectively reformatted and reoriented 225 abdominal CTs into standardised CT pelvic images with neutral pelvic tilt and inclination (244 female and 206 male ...
Golub Ilya - - 2013
We present a left-right symmetry restoring method, which removes the detrimental birefringence in the single-mode fiber Sagnac interferometer, achieved with the aid of a half waveplate oriented at a specific angle. We show theoretically and demonstrate experimentally that adding a π-shift between clockwise and counterclockwise propagating, horizontally (in fiber loop ...
Woelber Linn - - 2013
Treatment of patients with vulvar cancer is challenging for gynaecologic oncologists. Owing to the localization in a sensitive area, surgical radicality and the indication for adjuvant treatment have to be balanced with psychosocial aspects to treat patients adequately. Clinical management is therefore highly dependent on the tumour stage. For patients ...
Leistra E - - 2013
Background/Objectives:The majority of hospital outpatients with undernutrition is unrecognized, and therefore untreated. There is a need for an easy and valid screening tool to detect undernutrition in this setting. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the MUST (Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool) and SNAQ (Short ...
Machado Andre Wilson - - 2013
Our objective was to determine the perception of smile esthetics among orthodontists and laypeople with respect to asymmetries on the maxillary incisor edges in a frontal smile analysis. Two frontal close-up smile photos of 2 women, 1 white and 1 Afro-Brazilian, were selected for this study. Both smiles displayed healthy ...
Deng Jian - - 2013
In this Letter, the character of Euclidean matrix norm (EMN) of the intensity difference between phase-shifting interferograms, which changes in sinusoidal form with the phase shifts, is presented. Based on this character, an EMN phase shift extraction algorithm is proposed. Both the simulation calculation and experimental research show that the ...
Suriyanarayanan Subramanian - - 2013
Macroporous polymer films with long-range uniformity and biotinyl-moiety selective recognition sites have been developed. A hierarchical molecular imprinting strategy afforded significant enhancements in quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensitivities towards biotinylated compounds.
Kawada Manabu - - 2013
Because stromal cells can regulate the growth and metastasis of tumor cells, a compound that modulates the interaction between the stromal cells and the tumor cells can control the tumor progression. In the course of our screening for such a compound, we have isolated a new compound, intervenolin, from the ...
Segal Nancy L - - 2013
The twin children who survived the Holocaust and the horrific medical experiments conducted by Nazi doctors are sometimes overlooked in the relevant literature. This topic and more were discussed as part of an annual conference hosted by students from Yeshiva University's Medical Ethics Society in October 2012. A selective summary ...
Techalertpaisarn Paiboon - - 2013
The objective of this research was to investigate the mechanical properties at both sides of Opus closing loops by analyzing the effects of loop shape, loop position, coil position, and tipping of the vertical legs. Opus loops were compared with L-loops (with and without a coil) and a T-loop by ...
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