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Losada-Pérez María - - 2013
A number of transcription factors that are expressed within most, if not all, embryonic neuroblast (NB) lineages participate in neural subtype specification. Some have been extensively studied in several NB lineages (e.g. components of the temporal gene cascade) whereas others only within specific NB lineages. To what extent they function ...
Stützer Simon - - 2013
We investigate the interplay of Bloch oscillations and Anderson localization in optics. Gradual washing out of Bloch oscillations and the formation of nearly stationary averaged intensity distributions, which are symmetric for narrow and strongly asymmetric for broad input excitations, are observed experimentally in laser-written waveguide arrays. At large disorder levels ...
Addington Donald Emile - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Relapse is a frequently used outcome measure in schizophrenia research. However, difficulties in reliably measuring relapse diminish its usefulness. Hospitalization is a potential alternative, but its relationship to relapse has not been assessed. METHODS This study used data from a two-year, prospective study to examine associations between relapse and ...
Choi Daisi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study sought to examine how specific substance-use behavior, including nonmedical prescription stimulant (NPS) use, among U.S. medical students correlates with their attitudes and beliefs toward professionalism. METHOD An anonymous survey was distributed to all medical students at a private medical university (46% response rate). Participants were asked to ...
Wang J-W - - 2013
Structural allografts may be used to manage uncontained bone defects in revision total knee replacement (TKR). However, the availability of cadaver grafts is limited in some areas of Asia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mid-term outcome of the use of femoral head allografts for the reconstruction ...
Lahiri Mayukh - - 2013
A theory of usual (positive) refraction of partially coherent electromagnetic beams has been developed recently. In this Letter, we discuss the theory of negative refraction of a partially coherent electromagnetic beam. We show that negative refraction can produce change in spatial coherence of such a beam.
Yao Fengfeng - - 2013
A polarimetric study of random laser (RL) emitted from dye-doped nematic liquid crystals (NLCs) is presented. We observed linearly polarized light, the orientation of which is in proximity to the bisection between the polarization direction at the maximal scattering in NLCs and the nematic director. Any arbitrary linear polarization of ...
Yan Huimin - - 2013
Dental caries remains one of the most common global chronic diseases caused by Streptococcus mutans, which is prevalent all over the world. The caries prevalence of children aged between 5-6 years old in China is still in very high rate. A potent and effective anti-caries vaccine has long been expected ...
Zhu Lijun - - 2013
A fluoropoly(ether ether ketone) (FPEEK) demonstrating blue fluorescence was developed as a flexible, transparent membranous matrix for the incorporation of quantum dots (QDs) to fabricate a composite photoluminescent film which is promising as a self-referenced temperature sensor.
Bizdena E - - 2013
Milbemycins A3 and A4 are pharmaceutically and agriculturally useful macrolides isolated from Streptomyces species. The molecular structures of the title compounds were unambiguously established by a single crystal X-ray analysis of the solid solution of both compounds. The crystals present trigonal system, space group P32 with Z = 3, unit cell dimensions: ...
Doulaveris Georgios - - 2013
Abstract Autophagy is an intracellular process that maintains homeostasis by the removal of damaged organelles and proteins. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the autophagy-related 16-like 1 (ATG16L1) gene results in decreased autophagy. We evaluated whether the ATG16L1 polymorphism influenced the time to delivery during labor induction in pregnant women ...
Yang Fen - - 2013
We have investigated the dynamics of the magnetization of three four-coordinate mononuclear cobalt(ii) compounds, which are synthesized conveniently and are air stable. Slow magnetic relaxation effects were observed for the compounds in the presence of a dc magnetic field.
Roline Chad E - - 2013
Bedside thoracic ultrasound has been shown to be a valuable diagnostic tool in the emergency department. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of bedside thoracic ultrasound in the prehospital HEMS setting. Air ambulance helicopters during patient transportation. This was a prospective pilot study. 71 consecutive, nonpregnant ...
Yates P - - 2013
In May 2012, in airports across the globe, seven orthopaedic surgeons bravely said goodbye to their loved ones, and slowly turned towards their respective aircraft. Filled with expectation and mild trepidation they stepped into the unknown… the ABC fellowship of 2012.
Huang Lei - - 2013
The calibration of camera with intrinsic and extrinsic parameters is a procedure of significance in current imaging-based optical metrology. Improvement at two aspects, feature detection and overall optimization, are investigated here by using an active phase target and statistically constrained bundle adjustment (SCBA). From the observations in experiment and simulation, ...
Kim Y W - - 2013
Objective: We report two extremely rare cases of symptomatic nasopharyngeal branchial cleft cyst treated by powered instrument assisted marsupialisation. Methods: Case report and literature review concerning nasopharyngeal branchial cleft cyst and surgical treatment methods. Results: The first case was a two-year-old boy with a 1 × 2 cm, cystic, oropharyngeal mass, who also ...
Lorbach O - - 2013
The present article summarizes the different osteotomy techniques for an extension of standard surgical approaches to the knee joint in selected patients. The aim is to achieve satisfactory exposure and reduce potential postoperative complications compared to alternative techniques, such as the V-Y plasty or the quadriceps snip procedures. Osteotomy of ...
Mucedero Manuela - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term stability of quad-helix/crib treatment in subjects with dentoskeletal open bite. Twenty-eight subjects (11 boys, 17 girls; mean age, 8.2 ± 1.3 years) were treated consecutively with quad-helix/crib appliances. The patients were reevaluated at the end of active treatment with the quad-helix/crib (mean age, ...
Chen Lin - - 2013
Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like transmission was demonstrated in terahertz asymmetric parallel plate waveguides with two identical cavities. By shifting the position of the bottom cavity from the symmetric position in the propagation direction, both the phases of the propagating wave at resonances and the coupling strengths between two cavities are ...
Naether U - - 2013
We investigate numerically and experimentally the influence of coupling disorder on the self-trapping dynamics in nonlinear one-dimensional optical waveguide arrays. The existence of a lower and upper bound of the effective average propagation constant allows for a generalized definition of the threshold power for the onset of soliton localization. When ...
Igarashi Masayuki - - 2013
WalK, a histidine kinase, and WalR, a response regulator, make up a two-component signal transduction system that is indispensable for the cell-wall metabolism of low GC Gram-positive bacteria. WalK inhibitors are likely to show bactericidal effects against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus . We discovered a new WalK inhibitor, designated waldiomycin, by ...
Sheehan Bart - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Research on inpatient psychiatric care has paid little attention to the built environment of psychiatric wards. This study described the built environment in a sample of inpatient psychiatric wards in England and investigated relationships between staff satisfaction with the built environment of the ward and objective design features of ...
Brunetto Mauricio - - 2013
The purposes of this study were to analyze and compare the immediate effects of rapid and slow maxillary expansion protocols, accomplished by Haas-type palatal expanders activated in different frequencies of activation on the positioning of the maxillary first permanent molars and on the buccal alveolar bones of these teeth with ...
Schlöffel Gunther - - 2013
A concept of a fiber optic sensor consisting of a light source, a fiber coil, and a two-beam interferometer measuring angular acceleration is described. The principle differs essentially from common fiber optic gyroscopes (FOGs) still exploiting the Sagnac effect but sending light of the monochromatic source only unidirectionally into the ...
Vitzthum Francesca Bohn - - 2013
Background: Metacognitive Group Training for Schizophrenia Patients (MCTg) focuses on dysfunctional thinking styles (e.g. cognitive biases) putatively involved in the formation and maintenance of delusions. Recently, the Individualized Metacognitive Therapy Program for Patients with Psychosis (MCT+), an extension of the group training, was released. MCT+ sessions aim to correct false ...
Bel-Serrat S - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Individual lifestyle behaviours have independently been associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in children. This study aimed to identify clustered lifestyle behaviours (dietary, physical activity (PA) and sedentary indicators) and to examine their association with CVD risk factors in children aged 2-9 years.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Participants included 4619 children (51.6% boys) from ...
Li Guoliang - - 2013
We demonstrate here a simple one-pot approach to directly fabricate hierarchical hollow anatase TiO2 spheres with a mesoporous shell architecture, which show improved visible light photocatalytic activity owing to their unique structure.
Relun A - - 2013
This study aimed to catalogue the digital dermatitis (DD) treatment practices used by French dairy farmers and to identify the motivators and barriers to the adoption of these treatments. A semi-structured survey was conducted involving 65 farmers in the main dairy production areas of France in the spring of 2009. ...
Mizuno Yosuke - - 2013
A cost-effective technique for coupling a polymer optical fiber (POF) with 50 μm core diameter to a silica single-mode fiber (SMF) with 8 μm core diameter is proposed, which can, by exploiting a multimode fiber with 50 μm core diameter, avoid the damage or burning at the butt-coupled POF/SMF interface. Using this coupling ...
Linehan W Marston - - 2013
Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) is a hereditary cancer syndrome in which affected individuals are at risk for development of cutaneous and uterine leiomyomas and an aggressive form of type II papillary kidney cancer. HLRCC is characterized by germline mutation of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) enzyme, fumarate ...
Huang Jin - - 2013
The progress in NCA polymerisation combined with advanced orthogonal functionalization techniques as well as the integration with other controlled polymerisation techniques significantly widened the scope of polypeptide building blocks in a variety of material designs. Well-defined synthetic stimuli-responsive polypeptides ("smart" polypeptides) with incorporated different functionalities have been extensively explored over ...
Liu Jin-Biao - - 2013
The first palladium-catalyzed Suzuki cross-coupling of N'-tosyl arylhydrazines with various organoboron reagents has been developed for the preparation of biaryl compounds in high yields. N'-Tosyl arylhydrazine as a readily available and stable electrophile also demonstrated its generality in a number of coupling reactions.
Xu Wei - - 2013
From an interplay of high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) imaging and density functional theory (DFT) calculations we reveal how a molecular conformational change induced self-assembly process can result in the conversion from a random molecular phase to the formation of two types of ordered surface nanostructures with different apparent heights.
Burgut F Tuna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To assure adequate treatment for patients with mental illness worldwide, medical schools must impart positive attitudes toward psychiatry. The authors examined the effect of culture on changes in attitudes toward psychiatry among medical students receiving the same psychiatry clerkship curriculum in two different countries. METHODS A group of 74 ...
Gøthesen O - - 2013
We evaluated the rates of survival and cause of revision of seven different brands of cemented primary total knee replacement (TKR) in the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register during the years 1994 to 2009. Revision for any cause, including resurfacing of the patella, was the primary endpoint. Specific causes of revision were ...
Buehler Andreas - - 2013
Multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) of functional and molecular contrast has the potential to find broad deployment in clinical practice. We have developed the first handheld MSOT imaging device with fast wavelength tuning achieving a frame rate of 50 Hz. In this Letter, we demonstrate its clinical potential by dynamically resolving multiple ...
Bonora S - - 2013
We present a beam characterization system for infrared lasers which can measure both wavefront and beam profile with visible detectors. While previous studies demonstrated the conversion from the visible to the near infrared, this device exploits the wavelength conversion from the infrared to the visible, which is based on the ...
Ma Yongchao - - 2013
Immunosenescence is described as a decline in the normal functioning of the immune system associated with physiologic ageing. Immunosenescence contributes to reduced efficacy to vaccination and increased susceptibility to infectious diseases in the elderly. Extensive studies of laboratory animal models of ageing or donor lymphocyte analysis have identified changes in ...
Stroet Anke - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS)-related spasticity is associated with disability and impairment in quality of life. We report on a patient with secondary progressive MS and spastic tetraparesis (Expanded Disability Status Scale score 8.5). The right arm exhibited flexor spasticity resulting in functional disability despite multimodal symptomatic treatment. Intrathecal baclofen led to ...
Keynejad Roxanne - - 2013
OBJECTIVE The proportion of U.K. medical students applying for psychiatry training continues to decline, whereas, in Somaliland, there are no public-sector psychiatrists. This pilot study assessed the usefulness and feasibility of online, instant messenger, peer-to-peer exchange for psychiatry education between cultures. METHOD Twenty medical students from King's College, London, and ...
Maletis G B - - 2013
We examined the association of graft type with the risk of early revision of primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in a community-based sample. A retrospective analysis of a cohort of 9817 ACLRs recorded in an ACLR Registry was performed. Patients were included if they underwent primary ACLR with bone-patellar ...
Lochbihler Hans - - 2013
Subwavelength gratings coated with metal-dielectric-metal layers and embedded in a dielectric exhibit distinctive color properties in reflectance. The reflected color of incident unpolarized white light can be tuned by the modulation depth of the grating. It is shown that reflective colored images may be reproduced by this type of gratings ...
Ibarra Fuste Jose A - - 2013
Closed-form expressions explicitly relating modulation bandwidth and active length in electro-optic traveling wave modulators are presented which fully account for skin-effect electrode loss and optical-electrical wave velocities mismatch. Four operative margins have been identified where the bandwidth-length trade-off figure of merit takes simple forms.
Mestre Tiago A - - 2013
Impulse control disorders are a psychiatric condition characterized by the failure to resist an impulsive act or behavior that may be harmful to self or others. In movement disorders, impulse control disorders are associated with dopaminergic treatment, notably dopamine agonists (DAs). Impulse control disorders have been studied extensively in Parkinson's ...
Liu Pei - - 2013
A novel and efficient procedure for the synthesis of δ,γ-alkenyl esters with complete E-stereochemistry by the 1,4-addition of alkenes to acrylate esters in the presence of a catalytic amount of palladium chloride has been developed. This method provides a rapid and efficient access to substituted δ,γ-alkenyl esters.
Preston Nicholas D - - 2013
One Health approaches have tended to focus on closer collaboration among veterinarians and medical professionals, but remain unclear about how ecological approaches could be applied or how they might benefit public health and disease control. In this chapter, we review ecological concepts, and discuss their relevance to health, with an ...
Maffeis C - - 2013
Background/objectives:To investigate the relationship between postprandial nutrient balance, satiety and hormone changes induced by two different meals taken after a moderate intensity exercise bout.Subjects/Methods:Ten prepubertal obese children participated in the study. The experiment was designed as a cross-over study for repeated measures. Each test period lasted five consecutive hours during ...
Dalto Joseph D - - 2013
Poor communication can result in adverse events. Presently, no standards exist for classifying and analyzing air medical communication errors. This study sought to determine the frequency and types of communication errors reported within an air medical quality and safety assurance reporting system. Of 825 quality assurance reports submitted in 2009, ...
Benedetti Valentini M - - 2013
Of 48 consecutive children with Gartland III supracondylar fractures, 11 (23%) had evidence of vascular injury, with an absent radial pulse. The hand was pink and warm in eight and white and cold in the other three patients. They underwent colour-coded duplex scanning (CCDS) and ultrasound velocimetry (UV) to investigate ...
Hersh Elliot V - - 2013
The authors evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of 10 percent and 20 percent benzocaine gels compared with those of a vehicle (placebo) gel for the temporary relief of toothache pain. They also assessed the compliance with the label dose administration directions on the part of participants with toothache pain. Under ...
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