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Palci Alessandro - - 2013
Some snakes have two circumorbital ossifications that in the current literature are usually referred to as the postorbital and supraorbital. We review the arguments that have been proposed to justify this interpretation and provide counter-arguments that reject those conjectures of primary homology based on the observation of 32 species of ...
Zamataro Claudia Bianchi - - 2013
This study evaluated the synergy of professional acidulated fluoride gel (APF) or fluoridated dentifrice application combined with Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation on the formation of CaF2 -like products (CaF2 ), in vitro. Thus, 272 bovine enamel slabs were randomly distributed among eight groups: G1: untreated enamel; G2: treated with fluoridated dentifrice ...
Jo Ala - - 2013
Biophysical understanding of cellular glucose uptake led us to the development of an image-based high-throughput screening system by using a fluorescent glucose bioprobe, GB2. The accuracy, robustness, and practicality of our image-based HTS system were demonstrated through the pilot screening and the subsequent in vitro confirmation.
Lee Wonchul - - 2013
(-)-Kaitocephalin has been synthesized. With the C9 stereocenter from Garner's aldehyde, the C4 quaternary carbon was installed by the desymmetrization of the Cbz-protected serinol. The remaining stereogenic centers were generated through mercuriocyclization, epoxidation and regioselective epoxide opening, in which the quaternary carbon most likely played crucial roles in the stereoinduction.
Xin Hongqi - - 2013
To test, in vivo, the hypothesis that exosomes from multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) mediate microRNA 133b (miR-133b) transfer which promotes neurological recovery from stroke, we employed knock-in and knock-down technologies to up-regulate or down-regulate the miR-133b level in MSCs (miR-133b(+) MSCs or miR-133b(-) MSCs) and their corresponding exosomes, respectively. ...
Gingras Marc - - 2013
Sulfur-containing glycodendrimers have steadily emerged over a few decades and this review describes the first survey of this field. Although the contribution of sulfur chemistry to glycodendrimers could be seen at the moment as a development of various linking strategies, there is more than synthesis because the presence of sulfur ...
Karceski Steven - - 2013
In the article, "Systematic review and meta-analysis of standard vs selective temporal lobe epilepsy surgery," Dr. Josephson and colleagues(1) analyzed information that might answer a very simple question: if a person needs temporal lobe surgery, which procedure is better? This question has been a matter of debate for many years. ...
Tian Huayu - - 2013
Nanocarriers are a new type of nonviral gene carriers, many of which have demonstrated a broad range of pharmacological and biological properties, such as being biodegradable in the body, stimulus-responsive towards the surrounding environment, and an abiltiy to specifically targeting certain disease sites. By summarizing some main types of nanocarriers, ...
Yu Yongsheng - - 2013
A simple process to prepare monodisperse ferrimagnetic cobalt-substituted magnetite Cox Fe3-x O4 nanoparticles is reported. These ferrimagnetic nanoparticles are readily dispersed in hexane, forming a stable ferrimagnetic nanoparticle dispersion, and allowing easy nanoparticle self-assembly. When assembled under an external magnetic field (5.5 kOe), these nanoparticles show preferred magnetic alignment with ...
Gu Hongbo - - 2013
In this review, the classification of magnetoresistance effects, the electrical conduction mechanisms without and with magnetic field, and the spintronics are briefly summarized. The magnetoresistance effect in the molecular systems including small organic molecules, carbon nanotubes, graphene, conductive polymers and their nanocomposites is critically reviewed. The four normally used models ...
Kawasaki Hideyoshi - - 2013
Anoikis is a form of apoptosis triggered by inadequate or inappropriate cell matrix contacts. Anoikis resistance has been utilized to isolate adult stem or progenitor cell populations from various tissues. The aim of this study was to characterize the stem or progenitor cell markers expressed in anoikis-resistant cells isolated from ...
Khalil Asma - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal age and a wide range of adverse pregnancy outcomes after adjustment for confounding factors in obstetric history and maternal characteristics. METHODS: This was a retrospective study in women with singleton pregnancies attending the first routine hospital visit ...
Zlobec Inti - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Tissue microarray (TMA) technology revolutionized the investigation of potential biomarkers from paraffin-embedded tissues. However, conventional TMA construction is laborious, time-consuming and imprecise. Next-generation tissue microarrays (ngTMA) combine histological expertise with digital pathology and automated tissue microarraying. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of ngTMA for ...
Augustin Albert J - - 2013
Background: Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness among elderly individuals in industrialized countries. New drugs and advanced concepts for the treatment of dry AMD (dAMD) are needed. A new approach is the application of intravenous infusions of prostaglandin E1. Objective: The aim of this study was to ...
Huh Sung-Woo - - 2013
Abstract Two cases are reported of flexor tendon rupture of ulnar side fingers as a complication after distal radius fracture. One was associated with a prominent distal volar lip of fracture site, the other with a relatively volarly displaced ulnar head due to the dorsally tilted distal radius due to ...
Kahraman Alisan - - 2013
Background: Fetuin-A is a pro-inflammatory protein expressed by hepatocytes. Its course in morbidly obese patients with NAFLD following weight loss by bariatric surgery (BAS) has not been fully elucidated yet. In the present study, we prospectively examined the effects of weight loss on various metabolic factors 4 weeks and 6 ...
Ren C D - - 2013
We report a theoretical study of the supercurrent flowing in a composite topological superconductor (TS) junction, where a magnetized quantum dot is considered in between the two TS leads. Based on the tight-binding model and the Keldysh Green's function method, we found that the magnetization (m) in the dot can ...
Sasso Luigi - - 2013
A surface modification of interdigitated gold microelectrodes (IDEs) with a doped polypyrrole (PPy) film for detection of dopamine released from populations of differentiated PC12 cells is presented. A thin PPy layer was potentiostatically electropolymerized from an aqueous pyrrole solution onto electrode surfaces. The conducting polymer film was doped during electropolymerization ...
Gorges Martin - - 2013
In addition to the skeleto-motor deficits, patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) frequently present with oculomotor dysfunctions such as impaired smooth pursuit and saccadic abnormalities. There is increasing evidence for an impaired cortical function to be responsible for oculomotor deficits associated with lack of inhibitory control, however, these pathomechanisms still remain ...
Gomes J R - - 2013
The aim of this study was to further define the relationship between cell proliferation and the rate of tooth eruption in the rat incisor. Vinblastine is a drug that blocks cellular mitosis and was used to inhibit cell proliferation in the odontogenic region of rat incisors that were submitted to ...
Bonnier Catherine - - 2013
The syntheses and physicochemical properties for a series of 2,6-disubstituted-4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (BODIPY) dyes are reported. The use of chromophores or redox active species as π-spacers, such as BODIPY, requires the inclusion of a sufficiently conjugated donor in order to achieve appropriate charge separation upon photoexcitation. The information derived from this study ...
Krishna Arunachalam - - 2013
AIM: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is technically demanding and requires supervised training. This paper examines the short-term outcome following a component-based training in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHOD: Surgical outcome following laparoscopic colorectal resection was recorded on a prospective database. Cases were divided into three groups; including those performed by the fellows, ...
Iguchi Akifumi - - 2013
Pyrrole-imidazole (PI) polyamides are a novel group of gene-silencing compounds, which bind to a minor groove of double stranded (ds)DNA in a sequence-specific manner. To explore the RNA binding properties of PI polyamides targeting rat transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1 Polyamide) and influenza A virus (PA polyamide), we designed dsRNAs with ...
Rohani Mina - - 2013
A self-driven flow was observed in Nafion and other hydrophilic tubes immersed in water. The intratubular flow was generated when water came in contact with the tube's hydrophilic surfaces. Flow characteristics were studied in tubes of varying size, exposed to light of different intensities and wavelengths. The results lead to ...
Irani Farzan - - 2013
A disordered voice may lead to social stigma as well as reduced occupational opportunities. Much of the research on this topic has investigated the effects of voice disorders from a Western perspective. The societal attitudes of international populations toward people with voice disorders (PWVD) are less well known. The purpose ...
Vandeparre Hugues - - 2013
Thin metal films coated on soft elastomeric foam substrates exhibit enhanced electromechanical performance. The open-cell foam structure conveys highly anisotropic mechanical properties within the top, thin capping elastomer at the surface of the foam. Upon stretching, large strain fields inducing cracks and folds localize above the foam cells, while the ...
Barry G - - 2013
Schizophrenia (SZ) is a complex disease characterized by impaired neuronal functioning. Although defective alternative splicing has been linked to SZ, the molecular mechanisms responsible are unknown. Additionally, there is limited understanding of the early transcriptomic responses to neuronal activation. Here, we profile these transcriptomic responses and show that long non-coding ...
Zhang Qian - - 2013
A rapid and sensitive UPLC-ESI/MS method was established and validated to determine 17 active constituents (aconitine, hypaconitine, mesaconitine, benzoylaconine, benzoylhypaconine, benzoylmesaconine, berberine, palmatine, jatrorrhizine, coptisine, baicalein, wogonin, baicalin, wogonoside, emodin, aloe-emodin and rhein) in Sanhuang Xiexin Tang (SXT) and Fuzi Xiexin Tang (FXT), which are two classic compound recipes from ...
Gazzerro Patrizia - - 2013
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, statins and pleiotropic effects have been associated with both increased and decreased cancer risk. This letter intends to contribute to ascertaining the real role of statins in cancer since there are conflicting results in the literature(1) . In the last volume of The Lancet Oncology, Cagney(2) outlined ...
Marchand Peter - - 2013
The production of thin films of materials has become the attention of a great deal of research throughout academia and industry worldwide owing to the array of applications which utilise them, including electronic devices, gas sensors, solar cells, window coatings and catalytic systems. Whilst a number of deposition techniques are ...
Ryan Cristín - - 2013
AIMS: Explore and compare junior doctors' perceptions of their self-efficacy in prescribing, their prescribing errors and the possible causes of those errors. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was distributed to foundation doctors throughout Scotland, based on Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory and Human Error Theory (HET). RESULTS: 548 questionnaires were completed ...
Koch Sonja - - 2013
IL-6 plays a central role in supporting pathological TH2 and TH17 cell development and inhibiting the protective T regulatory cells in allergic asthma. TH17 cells have been demonstrated to regulate allergic asthma in general and T-bet-deficiency-induced asthma in particular. Here we found an inverse correlation between T-bet and Il-6 mRNA ...
Pinget Michel - - 2013
AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of once-daily prandial lixisenatide with placebo in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) insufficiently controlled by pioglitazone ± metformin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomised, double-blind study included a 24-week main treatment period and a ≥52-week variable extension period. Patients were randomised 2:1 to receive ...
Lombardi G - - 2013
Objectives:To compare the efficacy of intravesical electrostimulation (IVES) versus sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in patients with incomplete spinal cord lesions (SCL) and neurogenic non-obstructive urinary retention (N-NOR).Methods:In this retrospective study, 77 N-NOR patients underwent IVES (minimum 28 sessions), then after returning to voiding baseline symptoms, percutaneous first stage of SNM (lasting ...
Urbani Andrea - - 2013
Are protein functions continuous or discretized? Proteomics investigations are starting to address this non-trivial awesome question focusing upon determining the nature of biological molecular relationships. In the following editorial we present a number of experimental studies published in this themed Proteomics Issue demonstrating the development of a new analogical vision ...
Chigrinova Mariya - - 2013
Highly strained biarylazacyclooctynone (BARAC) and analogous bioconjugation reagents were shown to undergo novel rearrangement and addition reactions leading to tetracyclic products. This may limit their practical applicability as bioorthogonal reporters for imaging biomolecules within living systems.
Kikon Mhonchan - - 2013
Interrupted aortic arch is a rare congenital malformation. We describe the case of an interrupted aortic arch with a bicuspid aortic valve and severe aortic stenosis. The patient underwent a single-stage aortic valve replacement (AVR) and ventral aorta repair through a median sternotomy-laparotomy. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12116 (J Card Surg 2013;XX:1-3).
Hartig Gerrit - - 2013
One of the most disputed issues in primate evolution and thus of our own primate roots, is the phylogenetic position of the Southeast Asian tarsier. While much molecular data indicate a basal place in the primate tree shared with strepsirrhines (prosimian monophyly hypothesis), data also exist supporting either an earlier ...
Panagopoulos Ioannis - - 2013
Mesothelioma is a rare but very aggressive tumor derived from mesothelial cells. A number of often complex but nonrandom cytogenetic abnormalities have been found in these tumors, resulting in loss of chromosome bands 14q32 and 22q12 in more than 35% of the cases. In this study, we used RNA sequencing ...
Carlmark Anna - - 2013
Dendritic polymers are highly branched, globular architectures with multiple representations of functional groups. These nanoscale organic frameworks continue to fascinate researchers worldwide and are today under intensive investigation in application-driven research. A large number of potential application areas have been suggested for dendritic polymers, including theranostics, biosensors, optics, adhesives and ...
Schlesinger William H - - 2013
A literature survey of studies reporting nitrous oxide uptake in the soils of natural ecosystems is used to suggest that the median uptake potential is 4 μg m(-2) hr(-1) . The highest values are nearly all associated with soils of wetland and peatland ecosystems. Globally, the consumption of nitrous oxide ...
Karapinar Deniz Yilmaz - - 2013
Acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is a life threatening bone marrow failure characterized by pancytopenia and hypocellular bone marrow. Matched sibling donor is not available for majority of the patients and many children receive immunosuppressive therapy (IST). Although horse antithymocyte globuline (ATG) is the preferred option, our patients received rabbit ...
Lee Kyung Hee - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship between observable emotional expression and wandering behaviors of people with dementia (PWD). METHODS: A secondary data analysis was conducted of a multi-site study that used a cross-sectional design with repeated measures nested within subjects. Participants included 142 PWD residing in 17 nursing homes and ...
Ibbotson S H - - 2013
There is good evidence to support the use of topical PDT for superficial nonmelanoma skin cancer and dysplasia; however, there is little information available on the structure, process and outcomes of PDT in clinical practice. We undertook a national survey to determine how PDT was being undertaken in dermatology centres ...
Zhu Tao - - 2013
Chill in the light is the major environmental stress that cyanobacteria encounter in winter. Cyanobacterial cells may acquire chill-light tolerance upon exposure to low temperature in autumn and early winter. We sought to establish the efficacy of the dual-fluorescence method in detecting the viability of overwintering cyanobacteria and to provide ...
Rasheed S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is prevalent in acute hospitals and malnourished patients have an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Studies of malnutrition and quality of life (QoL) are generally limited by both the nutritional and QoL assessment methods employed. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between malnutrition, as assessed ...
Gillemot Katalin - - 2013
A combined experimental and theoretical investigation is carried out into the electrical transport across a fullerene dumbbell one-molecule junction. The newly designed molecule comprises two C60 s connected to a fluorene backbone via cyclopropyl groups. It is wired between gold electrodes under ambient conditions by pressing the tip of a ...
Lin Lin - - 2013
Stretchable conductors, which can keep their excellent electrical conductivity while highly stretched, have been investigated extensively due to their wide range of applications in flexible and stretchable electronics, wearable displays, etc.; however, their preparation is often complicated and expensive. Herein, an efficient method to prepare high performance stretchable conductors through ...
Christaki E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Stress and negative emotions have been shown to be critical factors in inducing overeating as a form of maladaptive coping in obese people. METHODS: The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an 8-week stress management programme that includes progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and diaphragmatic breathing on weight ...
Iacono T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Disability staff are being increasingly required to support adults with Down syndrome who develop Alzheimer's disease. They have little understanding of the nature of care required, and may lack input from aged care and dementia services, which lack knowledge of intellectual disability. The aim of this study was to ...
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