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Results 201 - 250 of 2977
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Morgan Philip B - - 2013
: To characterize and discover the determinants of the frequency of wear (FOW) of contact lenses. : Survey forms were sent to contact lens fitters in up to 40 countries between January and March every year for 5 consecutive years (2007-2011). Practitioners were asked to record data relating to the ...
Lukasiewicz Aleksander A Department of Vascular Surgery, Regional Specialist Hospital, Rydgier 15–17 Str. 86–300 Grudziadz, Poland. - - 2013
Intraperitoneal placement of polypropylene mesh leads to extensive visceral adhesions and is contraindicated. Different coatings are used to improve polypropylene mesh properties. Collagen is a protein with unique biocompatibility and cell ingrowth enhancement potential. A novel acetic acid extracted collagen coating was developed to allow placement of polypropylene mesh in ...
Beléndez Vázquez Marina - - 2013
Background: The Work-Family Culture Scale (WFCS) was designed to assess employee perceptions of the extent to which their organizations facilitates a work-family balance. The WFCS comprises three dimensions: Oorganizational time demands, Managerial support and Negative career consequences. Method: The primary purpose of the present study was to analyze the factor ...
Vanmierlo Bert B Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Brussels University Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2013
The anterolateral thigh flap is currently the frontline choice for head and neck reconstruction. The authors used a chimeric anterolateral thigh flap for reconstruction of a through-and-through oropharyngeal defect. Because of the absence of suitable recipient vessels in the proximity of the defect, the authors recruited the internal mammary vessels. ...
Ogbogu Ubaka - - 2013
Aim: To determine whether increased scrutiny of 'stem cell tourism' has resulted in changes to online claims by clinics that provide putative unproven stem cell treatments. Materials & methods: We analyzed historical and current versions of clinics' websites. The study sample consisted of 18 websites included in a 2008 peer-reviewed ...
Naujokas Agne - - 2013
Context.-Providing basic medical care to patients in underserved communities around the world is a valuable service and should not be compromised. Limited publicly available information on the use of pathology services during short-term medical missions (STMMs) shows a dire need for the improved quality of care being provided. Objective.-To assess ...
Aygit Ahmet C AC Bagcilar Research and Training Hospital, Bagcilar, Istanbul, - - 2013
The transaxillary route is a popular method of breast augmentation because it is associated with inconspicuous scars. The subfascial plane carries the advantages and decreases the disadvantages of subglandular and submuscular planes. In the technique described, the authors placed the implant totally subfascially to strengthen the advantages of the traditional ...
Zantingh Alanna J - - 2013
Objective-To determine the effects of hypoglossal nerve block and electrical stimulation of the thyrohyoideus muscles on position of the larynx and hyoid apparatus in resting horses. Animals-16 healthy horses that underwent hypoglossal nerve block and 5 healthy horses that underwent electrical stimulation of the thyrohyoideus muscles. Procedures-Horses underwent bilateral hypoglossal ...
Hida Tetsuro - - 2013
Diagnosis of sarcopenia is based on the combination of physical-performance assessment and muscle-mass measurement. Physical performance was estimated by gait speed and grip strength. Common measuring procedures for skeletal muscle mass were dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) . Skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was calculated ...
Hinnant J Benjamin JB Department of Psychology, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA. - - 2013
We investigated the roles of sex and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), an index of autonomic parasympathetic nervous system activity, as predictors of codeveloping externalizing and internalizing symptoms in middle childhood. We expected that sex, baseline RSA (RSA-B), and RSA reactivity (RSA-R) to two types of tasks would interact to differentiate ...
Tan Bo - - 2013
: To improve the digital quantification of fluorescence intensity of sodium fluorescein instilled on corneal surface by modifying a slit lamp hardware and performing computerized processing of captured digital images. : The optics of a slit lamp were modified to remove corneal Purkinje reflection and to expand the illuminated area ...
Garcia Onelio O Jr Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Miami, Miami, Fl, - - 2013
Postmastectomy breast reconstruction remains one of the most frequently performed plastic surgery procedures in the United States. Acellular dermal matrix has been used extensively in expander-implant breast reconstruction and therefore is an appropriate material to be used to develop a clinically relevant animal model of breast reconstruction. The study population ...
García Pablo E - - 2013
Background: Criterion-referenced interpretations of tests are highly necessary, which usually involves the difficult task of establishing cut scores. Contrasting with other Item Response Theory (IRT)-based standard setting methods, a non-judgmental approach is proposed in this study, in which Item Characteristic Curve (ICC) transformations lead to the final cut scores. Method: ...
De Vlamynck Caroline A - - 2013
Objective-To develop a practical ultrasonography-guided injection approach to anesthetic blockade of the femoral nerve in calves and to assess the method's accuracy. Animals-13 cadavers of 4-week-old male Holstein Friesian calves. Procedures-Detailed topographic and anatomic cross-sectional evaluation of the relevant topography in 3 cadavers was performed to identify optimal injection approaches ...
Bundeff Andrew W AW Massachusetts College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences and Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates, USA. - - 2013
Previous studies have demonstrated an association between chronic proton pump inhibitor (PPI) utilization and adverse events such as fractures, infections, hypomagnesemia, and vitamin B12 deficiency. Because patients taking PPIs for an extended period of time are more susceptible to these adverse events, an approach to tapering patients off PPIs is ...
Diao Hua Jia - - 2013
Aim: Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy presents a promising approach for treating osteoarthritis (OA). However, the molecular interactions between MSCs and OA chondrocytes (OACs) are not known. This study aims to investigate the bidirectional interactions between human MSCs (hMSCs) and human OACs (hOACs) in a 3D co-culture system. Materials & ...
Zanghi Brian M - - 2013
Objective-To compare quantitative magnetic resonance (QMR), dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and deuterium oxide (D2O) methods for measurement of total body water (TBW), lean body mass (LBM), and fat mass (FM) in healthy dogs and to assess QMR accuracy. Animals-58 Beagles (9 months to 11.5 years old). Procedures-QMR scans were performed ...
Casciano Julian P JP eMAX Health Systems, LLC, 445 Hamilton Ave., White Plains, NY 10601, USA. - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) imposes a substantial clinical and economic burden on the U.S. health care system. Despite national guidelines that recommend oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention, the literature consistently reports its underuse in AF patients with moderate to high stroke risk. To assess the economic burden of underuse and nonadherence ...
Mallon Peter P Department of Surgery, Institute Curie, Paris, - - 2013
The role of nipple-sparing mastectomy for breast cancer is controversial, as there is concern regarding its oncologic safety and complication rate. The authors reviewed the literature to quantify the incidence of occult nipple malignancy in breast cancer, identify the factors influencing occult nipple malignancy, quantify locoregional recurrence rates, and quantify ...
Zhang Yi Xin YX Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine Shanghai, People’s Republic of China. - - 2013
The main drawback of the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for large defect repairs is the relatively small skin paddle size that can be raised to allow primary closure of the donor site. In this article, the authors describe a novel design of the flap using multiple separate skin paddles, with ...
Kisiday John D - - 2013
Objective-To compare the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) yield and chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation from 5- and 50-mL bone marrow aspirates from horses. Animals-Six 2- to 5-year-old mixed-breed horses. Procedures-2 sequential 5-mL aspirates were drawn from 1 ilium or sternebra. A single 50-mL aspirate was drawn from the contralateral ilium, and ...
Shifrin David A DA Jr Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2013
Cells communicate with neighboring cells and condition their local environment by secreting soluble factors into the extracellular space. These well-studied facets of cell biology are essential for the establishment and maintenance of physiological homeostasis. However, accumulating evidence has revealed that specific ligands, enzymes, and macromolecules are distributed into the extracellular ...
Pomahac Bohdan B Boston, Mass. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical - - 2013
Facial allotransplantation is a revolutionary operation that has at last introduced the possibility of nearly normal facial restoration to patients afflicted by the most severe cases of facial disfigurement. The facial transplantation team at Brigham and Women's Hospital evaluated more than 20 patients as potential face transplant recipients; of these, ...
Packer Claire - - 2013
Regenerative medicine techniques to restore cardiac and vascular function are being increasingly investigated as management options for cardiovascular disease. The authors set out to identify emerging regenerative techniques in cardiovascular disease and investigate their stage of development. The relevant networks in the field in the UK were contacted and online ...
Kozaki Koichi - - 2013
Fall deteriorates QOL and ADL of elderly people, especially when they suffer from hip and vertebral fractures. It is not easy to identify the cause of falling, because falling usually result from multiple factors. Among various potential causes, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, medication of hypnotic drugs, and environmental factors are important, because ...
Ogle Christin M CM Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA. - - 2013
The present study examined the specificity of autobiographical memory in adolescents and adults with versus without child sexual abuse (CSA) histories. Eighty-five participants, approximately half of whom per age group had experienced CSA, were tested on the autobiographical memory interview. Individual difference measures, including those for trauma-related psychopathology, were also ...
Gunsar Fulya - - 2013
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a defective RNA virus that depends on hepatitis B virus (HBV) for its lifecycle. Treatment of chronic HDV infection is difficult as it does not have an enzymatic function as a target, such as polymerases and proteases of HBV and hepatitis C virus. Recently, it has ...
de Oliveira Riza Rute RR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, State University of Campinas, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Campinas, São Paulo, - - 2013
Mastectomy negatively affects scapulothoracic and glenohumeral kinematics. Breast reconstructive methods such as the latissimus dorsi flap can result in anatomical modifications that may in theory further affect the shoulder apparatus. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction on the recovery of shoulder ...
Rodríguez-Fernández Arantzazu - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study is to analyze the four-factor structure (advertising, information, family environment and friendship setting) of the Cuestionario de Influjos Socioculturales sobre el Autoconcepto F&iacute;sico (CIAF) [Sociocultural Influences on Physical Self-concept Questionnaire] and its invariance in relation to sex, age and physical activity. Method: Participants were ...
Blong April E - - 2013
Objective-To investigate the in vitro effects of 3 hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions on viscoelastic coagulation testing and platelet function in horses. Sample-Blood samples collected from 7 healthy adult horses. Procedures-Blood samples were diluted with various crystalloid and HES solutions to approximate the dilution of blood in vivo that occurs with ...
Bhaduri Saumya - - 2013
Abstract Yersinia pestis can cause oropharyngeal plague as a result of consumption or handling of meat from infected animals. Thus, food naturally or intentionally contaminated can have a role in the dissemination of oropharyngeal plague. The growth of a conditionally virulent pYV-bearing rifampicin-resistant Y. pestis KIM5 (rif-Y. pestis KIM5) in ...
Krishnan Naveen M NM Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth 1 Rope Ferry Road, Hanover, N.H. 03755, USA. - - 2013
The use of acellular dermal matrix has allowed for single-stage immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy at a significantly decreased cost compared with two-stage expander/implant reconstruction. The use of a pedicled autologous dermal flap in the same fashion as acellular dermal matrix in women with larger, ptotic breasts has also allowed ...
Lin Lin - - 2013
Stretchable conductors, which can keep their excellent electrical conductivity while highly stretched, have been investigated extensively due to their wide range of applications in flexible and stretchable electronics, wearable displays, etc.; however, their preparation is often complicated and expensive. Herein, an efficient method to prepare high performance stretchable conductors through ...
Christaki E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Stress and negative emotions have been shown to be critical factors in inducing overeating as a form of maladaptive coping in obese people. METHODS: The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an 8-week stress management programme that includes progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and diaphragmatic breathing on weight ...
Iacono T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Disability staff are being increasingly required to support adults with Down syndrome who develop Alzheimer's disease. They have little understanding of the nature of care required, and may lack input from aged care and dementia services, which lack knowledge of intellectual disability. The aim of this study was to ...
Zeegers M P - - 2013
Background:Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men in Europe and the United States. Numerous studies have indicated genetics to have a major role in the aetiology of this disease; as much as 42% of the risk may be explained by heritable factors. Genome-wide association studies have detected ...
Gogas Bill D - - 2013
Aims: To assess serially the edge vascular response (EVR) of a bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) compared to a metallic everolimus-eluting stent (EES). Methods and results: Non-serial evaluations of the Absorb BVS at one year have previously demonstrated proximal edge constrictive remodelling and distal edge changes in plaque composition with increase ...
Kiuchi Misa - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The pathogenesis of denture-induced fibrous hyperplasias has not been examined in detail to explain how tissue injury results in fibrous hyperplasia of the oral mucosa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined the presence of mast cells and myofibroblasts in 33 denture-induced fibrous hyperplasias (DIFH) compared with 10 healthy gingival tissues. ...
Marino Grazia - - 2013
Plant regeneration is a critical step in most in vitro breeding techniques. The present paper studies the effects of a low-molecular-weight humic acid (HA) on morphogenesis from pear and quince leaf explants. Variable HA amounts [0 (control), 1, 5, 10 and 20 mg C L-1] were added to the regeneration ...
Skelton J M - - 2013
Phase-change materials are the alloys at the heart of an emerging class of next-generation, non-volatile digital memory technologies. However, the widely studied Ge-Sb-Te system possesses several undesirable properties, and enhancing its properties, e.g. by doping, is an area of active research. Various first-row transition-metal dopants have been shown to impart useful ...
Kuda T - - 2013
Aji-narezushi is a traditional lactic acid-fermented fish. In this study, we screened for lactose-utilizing, acidophilic, bile-resistant and cholesterol-lowering lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from aji-narezushi for use as starter strains for fermented foods, as well as for use as probiotics. Of the 301 LAB isolates, 277 fermented lactose, and among these, ...
Hasegawa George - - 2013
Monolithic Li2FeSiO4-carbon composites with well-defined macropores have been prepared from the silica-based gels containing Li, Fe, and carbon sources. The macroporous precursor gels can be fabricated by the sol-gel method accompanied by phase separation. A fine control of the macropore size in the resultant composites has been achieved by controlling ...
Armstrong Ehrin J - - 2013
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between angiographic patterns of restenosis and outcomes after endovascular treatment of femoro-popliteal in-stent restenosis (FP-ISR). Background: ISR is a frequent clinical problem after femoro-popliteal stenting. Methods: This was a single center study of all endovascular interventions for FP-ISR from ...
Tan Yanhong - - 2013
Alternative splicing is associated with human disease. In acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) patients with the long (L)-type promyelocytic leukaemia-retinoic acid receptor α fusion gene (PML-RARA), three alternative splicing isoforms can be detected: E5(+)E6(+), E5(-)E6(+), and E5(-)E6(-). This study is the first to demonstrate that alternative splicing of L-type PML-RARA is ...
Kahrilas Peter J PJ Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
The nadir esophageal pH of reflux observed during pH monitoring in the postprandial period is often more acidic than the concomitant intragastric pH. This paradox prompted the discovery of the "acid pocket", an area of unbuffered gastric acid that accumulates in the proximal stomach after meals and serves as the ...
Yuwen Lei - - 2013
For biosynthesis of bacillamide C by Bacillus atrophaeus C89 associated with South China sea sponge Dysidea avara, it is hypothesized that decarboxylation from L-tryptophan to tryptamine could be performed before amidation by the downstream aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) to the non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS) gene cluster for biosynthesizing bacillamide ...
Wu Jianyang - - 2013
Helical carbon nanotubes with intentionally incorporated non-hexagonal defects have unexpectedly high toughness and plasticity, in addition to the well-recognized extreme elasticity. The obtained toughness approaches 5000 J g(-1) with decreasing spring radius. The high toughness originates from the plastic nanohinge formation as a result of distributed partial fractures. A strong ...
Rivera Gabriel - - 2013
A major focus of the field of organismal biology is to understand how morphology impacts performance. Although the functional implications of certain aspects of shape have been widely examined, the functional implications of a related parameter, symmetry, remain mostly unknown. We used finite-element models to examine the effects of turtle ...
Golnak Ronny - - 2013
Oxygen K-edge X-ray absorption, emission, and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering spectra were measured to site selectively gain insights into the electronic structure of aqueous zinc acetate solution. The character of the acetate ion and the influence of zinc and water on its local electronic structure are discussed.
Liu Jie - - 2013
A hairpin DNA probe mediated cascade signal amplification method was developed for visual and rapid DNA analysis with a detection limit of 100 aM. The implementation of tag/anti-tag DNA and gold nanoparticle reporters permits a universal platform for multiplex genotyping without instrumentation.
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