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Sakurai Masashi - - 2013
Objective-To determine whether angiogenesis and microglial activation were related to seizure-induced neuronal death in the cerebral cortex of Shetland Sheepdogs with familial epilepsy. Animals-Cadavers of 10 Shetland Sheepdogs from the same family (6 dogs with seizures and 4 dogs without seizures) and 4 age-matched unrelated Shetland Sheepdogs. Procedures-Samples of brain ...
Sugg Kristoffer B KB Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, F7859 CS Mott Children’s Hospital, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0219, USA. - - 2013
Nonvascularized autologous bone grafts are the criterion standard in craniofacial reconstruction for bony defects involving the craniofacial skeleton. The authors have previously demonstrated that graft microarchitecture is the major determinant of volume maintenance for both inlay and onlay bone grafts following transplantation. This study performs a head-to-head quantitative analysis of ...
Lee Eun Ju - - 2013
Background: Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are advantageous for cell-based therapy to treat ischemic diseases owing to their capacity to secrete various paracrine factors with potent angiogenic activity. Materials & methods: In this study, we describe a method to increase secreted levels of VEGF and HGF from hMSCs ...
Baris Ruser R Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery Clinic Ankara Research and Training Hospital 06100 Ankara, - - 2013
In a random pattern skin flap, distal flap necrosis occurs as a result of inadequate blood flow. Microneedling with a handheld roller device is a new treatment modality, especially for facial rejuvenation. In this study, the authors used microneedling to increase flap viability. Forty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided ...
Tochigi Naobumi - - 2013
Context.-The diagnosis of sarcomatoid neoplasms of the lung and pleura can be challenging. Homozygous deletion of 9p21, the locus harboring the p16 gene, has been reported as the most common genetic alteration in malignant mesotheliomas that is of potential diagnostic and prognostic significance. Objectives.-To evaluate the frequency of 9p21 deletion ...
Otaka Yohei - - 2013
It has been known that the risk of subsequent fracture after low-trauma fracture is high. Thus the secondary prevention of falls and fractures is crucial. After sustaining fractures, the secondary fall prevention as well as the treatment for osteoporosis is required. The main approach is to modify the fall risks ...
Alemany Silvia S Departament Biologia Animal, Facultat Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain. - - 2013
Little is known about how genetic and environmental factors contribute to the association between parental negativity and behavior problems from early childhood to adolescence. The current study fitted a cross-lagged model in a sample consisting of 4,075 twin pairs to explore (a) the role of genetic and environmental factors in ...
Hollingworth Stephen - - 2013
Single twitch fibers from frog leg muscles were isolated by dissection and micro-injected with furaptra, a rapidly responding fluorescent Ca(2+) indicator. Indicator resting fluorescence (FR) and the change evoked by an action potential (ΔF) were measured at long sarcomere length (16°C); ΔF/FR was scaled to units of ΔfCaD, the change ...
Gatherwright James J Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44124, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential contribution of environmental factors and testosterone on male alopecia. Ninety-two identical male twins were recruited from 2009 to 2011. A comprehensive questionnaire was completed followed by the acquisition of sputum samples for testosterone analysis and standardized digital photography. Frontal, temporal, ...
Alonso Tapia Jesús - - 2013
Background: The goal of this study was to develop and validate the Family Motivational Climate Questionnaire (FMCQ). Parental involvement (PI) affects children's academic orientations. However, PI questionnaires had not considered parenting behaviours from the perspective of motivational theories. It was therefore decided to develop the FMCQ. Method: 570 Secondary-School students ...
Sun Zheng - - 2013
Nox1 mRNA, protein, and activities were compared in the paired primary and metastatic colon adenocarcinoma cell lines SW480 and SW620, and in normal colon tissues and colon cancer tissues. Our results demonstrated that Nox1 levels were higher in the primary SW480 cells than that in metastatic SW620 cells and were ...
Andrews Brian T BT Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2013
In newborns with micrognathia and severe upper airway obstruction, understanding potential airway lesions is important for determining appropriate treatment: observation, mandibular distraction, or tracheostomy. When concomitant airway anomalies are present, mandibular distraction is often unsuccessful at alleviating causes of obstruction, mandating the need for tracheostomy. The first part of this ...
Komatsu Taiki - - 2013
The fall risk has 3.6 fold in Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) and 16 fold post faller syndrome among diseases to cause dementia, and it was reported that have a significant parkinsonism and a fall more. DLB has multiple symptoms such as that physical symptom, rather than worsening a symptom ...
Muñoz Centifanti Luna C - - 2013
Different patterns of emotional reactivity characterize proactive and reactive functions of aggressive behavior, and theory also suggests a link of both types with narcissism. How people with narcissistic traits respond emotionally to competitive scenarios could influence their aggressiveness. Participants were 85 adolescent boys from a detention center. Several indices of ...
Robin Gaëlle - - 2013
Depolarization of skeletal muscle fibers induces sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release and contraction that progressively decline while depolarization is maintained. Voltage-dependent inactivation of SR Ca(2+) release channels and SR Ca(2+) depletion are the two processes proposed to explain the decline of SR Ca(2+) release during long-lasting depolarizations. However, the relative ...
Markeson Daniel Benjamin DB Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Wexham Park Hospital, Slough, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus injury often precludes the use of a simple core suture as a result of a distal remnant that is too short. The aim of this study was to assess the senior author's (S.I.) simple technique for reinsertion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon. The case ...
Tamaoka Akira - - 2013
Neurological disorders are frequently associated with risk factors for falls, such as gait and balance disorders, deficits of lower extremity strength, sensation and coordination, in addition to cognitive impairments. Patients with various kinds of neurological disorders, including Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, peripheral neuropathy, stroke, etc, easily suffer ...
Cornish Kim - - 2013
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) has a characteristic cognitive "signature" that by late childhood includes core weaknesses in attention and working memory (WM), but their earlier developmental trajectories remain uncharted. Using a combined cross-sectional and prospective longitudinal design, we tested whether early profiles of attention and WM impairment in FXS indicate ...
Hatipoglu Nevin - - 2013
Although therapeutic first-line approaches have been established in severely immunosuppressed patients with a high risk of invasive fungal infections, treatment modalities for cases with unsatisfactory outcome have not been well defined, especially for the pediatric age gap. Therapy with coadministration of two or three antifungals has been applied by clinicians ...
Maruthappu Mahiben M Brigham and Women's Hospital Center for Surgery and Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2013
The assessment of performance in surgery is expanding significantly. Application of relevant frameworks to plastic surgery, however, has been limited. In this article, the authors present two robust graphic tools commonly used in other industries that may serve to monitor individual surgeon operative time while factoring in patient- and surgeon-specific ...
Topa Gabriela - - 2013
Background: Research on organizational injustice has mainly focused on the victim's perspective. This study attempts to contribute to our understanding of third parties' perspective by empirically testing a model that describes third party reactions to mistreatment of employees. Method: Data were obtained from a sample (N = 334) of Spanish ...
Lu Gary G Departments of Hematopathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
Methods for plasma cell enrichment of bone marrow (BM) specimens can increase the sensitivity of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for detecting cytogenomic abnormalities. There are no published reports using these methods to evaluate high-risk cytogenomic abnormalities in patients with plasma cell neoplasms (PCNs) after therapy. To evaluate the utility ...
Spear Scott L SL Department of Plastic Surgery, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC20007 , USA. - - 2013
Although acellular dermal matrix materials have been in use for over a decade in primary and secondary breast reconstruction and in some cosmetic breast surgery, little has been published on the outcomes of these materials for cosmetic applications. A retrospective institutional review board-approved review was conducted of all patients who ...
Harada Atsushi - - 2013
About 10 - 20% of the elderly is falling every year, and 10 percent of them is suffered from fracture. Whether or not the fractures occur from the fall is determined by the bone strength and the load on the bone. The proximal femurs of the elderly fracture due to ...
Baranek Grace T GT University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-7122, USA. - - 2013
This cross-sectional study seeks to (a) describe developmental correlates of sensory hyporesponsiveness to social and nonsocial stimuli, (b) determine whether hyporesponsiveness is generalized across contexts in children with autism relative to controls, and (c) test the associations between hyporesponsiveness and social communication outcomes. Three groups of children ages 11-105 months ...
Barzon Luisa - - 2013
West Nile virus (WNV), the causative agent of West Nile fever and West Nile neuroinvasive disease in humans, has become endemic in many countries in all continents. Concerns on long-term mobility from WNV have arisen from recent studies that reported chronic kidney disease in patients who recovered from WNV infection, ...
Yela Bernabé José R - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two exposure procedures on habituation of emotional responses to food stimuli: (a) exposure to external cues (food images) without eating forbidden food (CE) and (b) exposure to external cues eating forbidden food (with purge prevention). The influence of ...
Yoon Ji Yoon - - 2013
Adenomyoepithelioma of the breast is an uncommon tumor characterized by dual differentiation into luminal cells and myoepithelial cells. A spectrum of histologic patterns is observed among these tumors and even in different areas of individual tumors. These lesions can be diagnostically challenging, especially when a core needle biopsy is performed, ...
Bókay János - - 2013
Elevated maternal phenylalanine levels during pregnancy are teratogenic, and may result in embryo-foetopathy, which could lead to stillbirth, significant psychomotor handicaps and birth defects. This foetal damage is known as maternal phenylketonuria. Women at the childbearing age with all forms of phenylketonuria, including mild variants such as hyperphenylalaninaemia, should receive ...
Vardanian Andrew J AJ Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, 200 UCLA Medical Plaza, Suite 465, Los Angeles, CA 90024, - - 2013
Social media platforms have revolutionized the way human beings communicate, yet there is little evidence describing how the plastic surgery community has adopted social media. In this article, the authors evaluate current trends in social media use by practicing plastic surgeons. An anonymous survey on the use of social media ...
Jimenez-Caballero P E - - 2013
INTRODUCTION. Certain modifiable cerebrovascular risk factors, such as arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia and atrial fibrillation, must be recognised and controlled if a decrease in the appearance of cerebrovascular diseases is to be achieved. On some occasions the presenting symptom of these risk factors may be a stroke. PATIENTS AND ...
Voigt Anne M - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the influence of 3 anesthetic protocols and multiples of minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) on heart rate variability (HRV) with and without nociceptive stimulation in dogs. Animals-6 healthy adult Beagles. Procedures-Each dog was anesthetized 3 times: with isoflurane alone, with isoflurane and a constant rate infusion of dexmedetomidine (IsoD; ...
Lavigne John V - - 2013
Genetic factors can play a key role in the multiple level of analyses approach to understanding the development of child psychopathology. The present study examined gene-environment correlations and Gene × Environment interactions for polymorphisms of three target genes, the serotonin transporter gene, the D4 dopamine receptor gene, and the monoamine ...
Lewis Kim K Department of Biology and Antimicrobial Discovery Center, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2013
The spread of resistant bacteria, leading to untreatable infections, is a major public health threat but the pace of antibiotic discovery to combat these pathogens has slowed down. Most antibiotics were originally isolated by screening soil-derived actinomycetes during the golden era of antibiotic discovery in the 1940s to 1960s. However, ...
Stanek Jerzy - - 2013
Context.-In utero hypoxia is an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality and can be evaluated retrospectively to explain perinatal outcomes, to assess recurrence risk in subsequent pregnancies, and to investigate for medicolegal purposes by identification of many hypoxic placental lesions. Definitions of some placental hypoxic lesions have been applied ...
Aragones E - - 2013
AIMS. To estimate the proportion of adult patients in primary care with a positive screening test for attention deficit hyper-activity disorder (ADHD) and to analyse their characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS. A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in nine primary care clinics in the province of Tarragona. The sample consisted of ...
Radtke Catherine L - - 2013
Objective-To characterize equine muscle tissue- and periosteal tissue-derived cells as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and assess their proliferation capacity and osteogenic potential in comparison with bone marrow- and adipose tissue-derived MSCs. Sample-Tissues from 10 equine cadavers. Procedures-Cells were isolated from left semitendinosus muscle tissue, periosteal tissue from the distomedial aspect ...
Ye Ken - - 2013
The treatment of cartilage defects poses a clinical challenge owing to the lack of intrinsic regenerative capacity of cartilage. The use of tissue engineering techniques to bioengineer articular cartilage is promising and may hold the key to the successful regeneration of cartilage tissue. Natural and synthetic biomaterials have been used ...
Fiel M Isabel - - 2013
Context.-The incidence of obesity is increasing and contributes to the rising incidence of fatty liver. Body mass index (BMI) is used to assess the degree of obesity but does not take into account the pattern of body fat distribution. Objectives.-To confirm the increasing incidence of fatty liver in an autopsy ...
Swanson Eric E Swanson Center 11413 Ash Street Leawood, Kan. 66211. - - 2013
Despite the popularity of breast augmentation, limited information is available evaluating this procedure from the patient's perspective. No existing studies assess patient-reported data prospectively in a large number of consecutive patients with a high inclusion rate, as required by evidence-based medicine. This prospective outcome study was undertaken to obtain this ...
Podzielinski Iwona I Fort Wayne Gynecologic Oncology Center, Fort Wayne, Indiana, - - 2013
SELDI-TOF MS analysis of ovarian cyst fluids revealed that peaks m/z 8696 and 8825 discriminate malignant, borderline, and benign tumors. These peaks correspond to isoforms of apoA2. ELISA demonstrates that apoA1, A2, B, C2, C3, and E cyst fluid concentrations are uncorrelated and higher in malignant ovarian tumors, but only ...
Calder Kevin K Division of Plastic Surgery, Dalhousie University, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax Infirmary, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2013
The goals of this study are threefold: (1) to determine what effect epinephrine has on the duration of bupivacaine finger block anesthesia; (2) to see whether the duration of action of bupivacaine on digital pain relief is the same duration as numbness to touch/pressure; and (3) to assess the fingertip ...
Sekiya Sachiko - - 2013
Tissue engineering is a field of study unto itself, but in reality, it is a fusion of medicine, pharmacology, chemistry, cell biology, molecular biology and engineering. The field has been developing at an ever-increasing pace and already provides benefits to regenerative medicine in areas such as the skin and cornea. ...
Nelson Charles A CA Boston Children's Hospital, USA. - - 2013
An important function of the brain is to scan incoming sensory information for the presence of relevant signals and act on this information. For humans, the most salient signals are often social in nature, such as the identity and the emotional expression of the faces we encounter in our everyday ...
Pace Meredith M MM Department of Anesthesiology and the Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Dartmouth Geisel School of Medicine, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA. - - 2013
The Practice Advisory on Liposuction published by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons provides a thorough review of anesthetic techniques and guidelines for surgeons who perform liposuction. However, there is evidence to support several changes to the anesthetic infiltrate guidelines that will improve patient safety. These proposed recommendations will have ...
Rozen Shai S Department of Plastic Surgery, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, and the Department of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Uppsala University Hospital, Dallas, Texas; and Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2013
Single-stage facial reanimation with a partial gracilis muscle coapted to the contralateral facial nerve seems an optimal surgical solution yet has not supplanted the two-stage approach. Insufficient obturator nerve length may limit reach to sizable contralateral facial nerve branches (possibly necessitating interposition nerve grafting), compromise optimal muscle positioning, or risk ...
Shaharuddin Bakiah - - 2013
Corneal blindness carries a morbidity that affects quality of life and is often associated with an increased economic burden. In this review, we focus on the severe and painful condition of limbal stem cell deficiency, an important cause of corneal blindness. Conventional corneal transplantation usually results in graft failure and ...
Moriarty Ann T - - 2013
Context.-The College of American Pathologists (CAP) Human Papillomavirus (High-Risk) Survey for Cytopathology and Other Laboratories (CHPV) meets the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA '88) requirements for 5 proficiency testing challenges analyzed 3 times per year. This study reports laboratory performance for CHPV from 2008 through 2010. Objective.-To identify ...
Sugioka Yuko - - 2013
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an increased risk of falls compared to healthy controls. Previous studies reported that the incidence of fractures in RA patients was mainly caused by falls. Some factors including tender and/or swollen joint counts, low levels of physical activity and history of falls are reported ...
Rudolph Karen D - - 2013
Poor self-regulation has been implicated as a significant risk factor for the development of multiple forms of psychopathology. This research examined the proposition that self-regulation deficits differentially predict aggressive behavior and depressive symptoms, depending on children's social approach versus avoidance motivation. A prospective, multiple-informant approach was used to test this ...
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