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Manzano-García Guadalupe - - 2013
Background: The literature regarding entrepreneurship suggests that the resilience of entrepreneurs may help to explain entrepreneurial success, but there is no resilience measure widely accepted by researchers. This study analyzes the psychometric properties of the Connor and Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a sample of Spanish entrepreneurs. Method: A telephone ...
Préda István - - 2013
If New York Heart Association Class II-IV heart failure is present, and ejection fraction ≤35%, electrocardiographic QRS width ≥ 120 ms in the presence of left bundle branch block, cardiac resynchronization therapy is indicated. Reevaluation of the data of cardiac resynchronization trials and electrophysiologic findings in left bundle branch block ...
Kotsis Sandra V SV University of Michigan Health System Ann Arbor, Mich. 48109-0340, - - 2013
The traditional method of teaching in surgery is known as "see one, do one, teach one." However, many have argued that this method is no longer applicable, mainly because of concerns for patient safety. The purpose of this article is to show that the basis of the traditional teaching method ...
Saldana-Cruz A M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are used for the seizures control in patients with epilepsy, however 20-30% of epileptic patients are drug resistant. Several factors contributing to the variability of the AEDs response, and this variability can be partially attributed to the presence of sequence variations (polymorphisms) in genes encoding enzymes ...
Keating Stephanie C J - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the cardiopulmonary effects of IV fentanyl administration in dogs during isoflurane anesthesia and during anesthetic recovery with or without dexmedetomidine or acepromazine. Animals-7 sexually intact male purpose-bred hound-type dogs aged 11 to 12 months. Procedures-Dogs received a loading dose of fentanyl (5 μg/kg, IV) followed by an IV ...
Zumla Alimuddin - - 2013
Despite the introduction 40 years ago of the inexpensive and effective four-drug (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol) treatment regimen, tuberculosis (TB) continues to cause considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. For the first time since the 1960s, new and novel drugs and regimens for all forms of TB are emerging. Such ...
Walker Wade T - - 2013
Objective-To characterize medial femoral condyle (MFC) morphometrics and subchondral bone density patterns in Thoroughbred racehorses and to determine whether these variables differ between left and right limbs. Sample-Stifle joints harvested from 6 Thoroughbred racehorses euthanized for reasons other than hind limb lameness. Procedures-The distal portion of the left and right ...
Paz-Lourido Berta - - 2013
This paper explores the educational factors that underlie the poor collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists (PTs) in Primary Health Care (PHC), from the GP's perspective. This study was conducted in Majorca, the Balearic Islands (Spain). Participants were nine GPs who graduated from different universities in mainland Spain. A ...
Fischer John P JP Divisions of Plastic Surgery and Finance, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
Choosing a breast reconstructive modality after mastectomy is a critical step involving complex decisions. The authors provide outcomes data comparing two common reconstructive modalities to assist patients and surgeons in preoperative counseling and discussions. A prospectively maintained database was queried identifying select patients undergoing expander/implant and abdominally based free flaps ...
Cortinhas Cristina S - - 2013
Objective-To compare the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of cephapirin and ceftiofur with MICs of their active metabolites (desacetylcephapirin and desfuroylceftiofur) for selected mastitis pathogens. Sample-488 mastitis pathogen isolates from clinically and subclinically affected cows in commercial dairy herds in Wisconsin. Procedures-Agar dilution was used to determine MICs for Staphylococcus aureus ...
van Oldenrijk Jakob - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN.: A systematic review of published trials in orthopedic spine literature. OBJECTIVE.: To determine the quality of reporting in open spine surgery randomized controlled trials (RCTs) between 2005 and 2010 with special focus on the reporting of surgical skill or expertise. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: In technically demanding procedures ...
Alvarez Irene - - 2013
Objective-To determine the reference interval for WBC counts in Holstein dairy cows from herds with high seroprevalence for anti-bovine leukemia virus (BLV) antibodies, analyze the correlation of total WBC counts and blood proviral load (bPVL) in BLV-infected animals, and determine whether total WBC count can be used a hematologic marker ...
Esse Tara T Department of Health Services, HealthSpring, Inc., 7550 IH 10 West, Ste. 210, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. - - 2013
Quality compensation programs (QCPs), also known as pay-for-performance programs, are becoming more common within managed care entities. QCPs are believed to yield better patient outcomes, yet the programs lack the evidence needed to support these claims. We evaluated a QCP offered to network primary care physicians (PCPs) within a Medicare ...
Selber Jesse C JC Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2013
The widespread use of bioprosthetic mesh in breast reconstruction has revealed an increased risk of seroma and infection, and a high financial cost. This study introduces a technique that mitigates these shortcomings using an autologous dermal graft (Autoderm). Indications, operative technique, and 1-year outcomes are reviewed. Thirty-six breasts in 21 ...
Ilic Dusko - - 2013
Latest developments in the field of stem cell research and regenerative medicine compiled from publicly available information and press releases from nonacademic institutions from 1 January 2013 until 28 February 2013.
Muñiz José - - 2013
International Test Commission Guidelines for test translation and adaptation: Second edition. Background: Adapting tests across cultures is a common practice that has increased in all evaluation areas in recent years. We live in an increasingly multicultural and multilingual world in which the tests are used to support decision-making in the ...
Carlson Eric R - - 2013
Objective-To compare the effects of autologous equine serum (AES) and autologous conditioned serum (ACS) on equine articular chondrocyte metabolism when stimulated with recombinant human (rh) interleukin (IL)-1β. Sample-Articular cartilage and nonconditioned and conditioned serum from 6 young adult horses. Procedures-Cartilage samples were digested, and chondrocytes were isolated and formed into ...
Morpurgo Emilio - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: Extracorporeal ileocolic anastomosis in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for cancer has a significant risk of complications. The aim of this study is to evaluate the operative and postoperative results of hybrid right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal robotic-assisted anastomosis for adenocarcinoma of the ascending colon compared with the standard extracorporeal anastomosis ...
Rosario Pedro Weslley - - 2013
Background: By consensus, a thyrotropin (TSH) level persistently >10 mIU/L is an indication for the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). Controversy exists regarding patients whose TSH level is elevated but <10 mIU/L. Recently, the American Thyroid Association (ATA) and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) published their position about factors that ...
Zhang Yi Xin YX Shanghai and Changsha, People's Republic of China. - - 2013
Concerns and criticism have been reported on the feasibility and vascular reliability of the thoracoacromial artery perforator flap because of the inconsistent size of the pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial artery and its cutaneous perforators. The authors have investigated its vascular basis through a cadaver dissection and described their clinical ...
Scharf Valery F - - 2013
Objective-To investigate the effects of bevacizumab, a human monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor, on the angiogenesis and growth of canine osteosarcoma cells xenografted in mice. Animals-27 athymic nude mice. Procedures-To each mouse, highly metastasizing parent osteosarcoma cells of canine origin were injected into the left gastrocnemius muscle. Each ...
Foley Theodore T TT Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, - - 2013
The prominent inflammatory cell identified in excessive scarring is the mast cell. Hypertrophic scar exhibits myofibroblasts derived from the transformation of fibroblasts, increased collagen synthesis, and stationary nonmigratory resident cells. The co-culture of fibroblasts with an established rat mast cell line (RMC-1) was used to explore the hypothesis of whether ...
Sheyn Dmitriy - - 2013
Background: Brown adipose tissue plays a pivotal role in mammal metabolism and thermogenesis. It has a great therapeutic potential in several metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are suitable candidates for brown adipose tissue formation de novo. Pparγ2 and C/ebpα are nucleic receptors known to ...
Findeisen Hannes M - - 2013
Epigenetics involve heritable and acquired changes in gene transcription that occur independently of the DNA sequence. Epigenetic mechanisms constitute a hierarchic upper-level of transcriptional control through complex modifications of chromosomal components and nuclear structures. These modifications include, for example, DNA methylation or post-translational modifications of core histones; they are mediated ...
Brady Robert B - - 2013
Objective-To assess differences in sagittal plane joint kinematics and ground reaction forces between lean and obese adult dogs of similar sizes at 2 trotting velocities. Animals-16 adult dogs. Procedures-Dogs with body condition score (BCS) of 8 or 9 (obese dogs; n = 8) and dogs with BCS of 4 or ...
Kim Jun Ki - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Miniature endoscopic probes offer a solution for deep brain imaging by overcoming the limited depth of intravital microscopy. We describe a small-diameter (350 μm) graded-index optical probe with a side-view design for in vivo cellular imaging of the mammalian brain. The side-view probe provides a unique view of the vertical ...
Monroe C Douglas CD Kaiser Permanente Pharmacy-Drug Information Services, 12254 Bellflower Blvd., Downey, CA 90242, USA, - - 2013
The specialty pharmaceuticals market is expanding more rapidly than the traditional pharmaceuticals market. Specialty pharmacy operations have evolved to deliver selected medications and associated clinical services. The growing role of specialty drugs requires new approaches to managing the use of these drugs. The focus, expectations, and emphasis in specialty drug ...
Kikuchi Osamu - - 2013
Endoscopy is essential for the diagnosis and treatment of cancers derived from the gastrointestinal tract. However, a conventional white-light image has technical limitations in detecting small or superficial lesions. Narrow-band imaging, especially with magnification, allows visualization of microstructure patterns and microvascular patterns on the mucosal surface. These technical breakthroughs enable ...
Chim Harvey H Department of Plastic Surgery and the Department of Pathology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44124, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of neuroma formation and neuropathic pain following different techniques of nerve ablation in a rat sural nerve model. Rat sural nerve was subjected to four different techniques of ablation with standardized creation of a 1-cm gap (n = 15 in ...
Ning Guangzhi - - 2013
Aim: We aim to explore the repair mechanism after the transplantation of CD34(+) human umbilical cord blood cells (HUCBCs) in traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. Materials & methods: Wistar rats with SCI were randomly divided into three groups: DMEM injection (group A); CD34(+) HUCBC transplantation on the first ...
Jager Justin J Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. - - 2013
This study examines historical variation in individual trajectories of heavy drinking and marijuana use from age 18 to 22. Unlike most studies that have examined cohort differences in drug use, it focuses on differences in both level of use and rates of change (growth). Nearly 39,000 youths from the high ...
Orgill Dennis P DP Division of Plastic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Boston, MA 02115-6110, USA. - - 2013
After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Explain the present challenges in reconstructive burn surgery. 2. Describe the most appropriate treatment methods and techniques for specific burn injury types, including skin grafts, dermal substitutes, and a variety of flap options. 3. Identify the appropriate use, advantages, ...
Brendgen Mara - - 2013
The study examined whether reciprocal friendship quantity or quality can mitigate genetic vulnerability for depression symptoms in children. The sample comprised 168 monozygotic twin pairs and 126 same-sex dizygotic twin pairs assessed in Grade 4 (mean age = 10.04 years). Friendship participation was measured via reciprocal nominations of close friendships ...
Degasperi Elisabetta - - 2013
Chronic HBV and HCV are progressive diseases leading to cirrhosis and liver transplantation. Persistent viral eradication or suppression can positively affect the natural course of the infection, by preventing disease progression. Since its introduction more than 30 years ago, IFN-α has represented the foundation of HBV and, lately, anti-HCV treatment. Pegylation ...
Fonseca-Pedrero Eduardo - - 2013
Background: The prevalence and expression of Cluster A personality disorders in adolescence is poorly analyzed and understood. The main goal was to analyze the rate of Cluster A traits and maladaptive personality patterns in adolescents. In addition, the underlying dimensional structure and the possible influence of sex and age in ...
Ishibashi Hideaki - - 2013
Locomotive syndrome means a condition at a risk for requiring nursing care due to deteriorated musculoskeletal organs in the middle-aged and older people. Considering that this concept aims to care prevention and that fracture for fall consists of one-tenth of causes for requiring using care, fall prevention should be an ...
Hyde Luke W LW University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2013
This study examined dimensions of callous behaviors in early childhood and the role of these behaviors in the development of conduct problems, as well as responsiveness to a family-centered preventative intervention. Caregiver reports of callous behaviors were examined using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Problem behavior was examined using within- ...
Luyt Charles-Edouard - - 2013
Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a serious hospital-acquired infection, with 20-70% crude mortality and 10-40% estimated attributable mortality. Insufficient antibiotic concentrations at the infection site when these drugs are given intravenously may lead to poor outcomes, particularly when difficult-to-treat pathogens are responsible; for example, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, extended spectrum beta lactamase-producing Gram-negative bacilli, ...
Chatterjee Abhishek A Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03766, USA. - - 2013
Laser-assisted indocyanine green angiography is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved technology used to assess tissue viability and perfusion. Its use in plastic and reconstructive surgery to assess flap perfusion in autologous breast reconstruction is relatively new. There have been no previous studies evaluating the cost-effectiveness of this new technology ...
Díaz-Aguado Jalón María J - - 2013
Background: Although there have been many studies of bullying, few have linked it with the escalation of disruption-coercion that sometimes occur in the classroom. Understanding this relationship is the aim of this research. Method: The study included 22114 Spanish adolescents, aged 12 to 18 years (mean age = 14.22, SD ...
Berry Daniel D University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 61820, USA. - - 2013
Evidence suggests that the 7-repeat variant of a 48 base pair variable number tandem repeat polymorphism in the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) gene may be associated with the development of attention problems. A parallel literature suggests that genes linked to dopaminergic functioning may be associated with differential sensitivity to context, ...
Basler Christopher F - - 2013
Evaluation of: Mohan GS, Li W, Ye L, Compans RW, Yang C. Antigenic subversion: a novel mechanism of host immune evasion by Ebola virus. PLoS Pathog. 8(12), e1003065 (2012). Ebola viruses encode two glycoproteins (GPs): a membrane-associated GP that is present in the viral membrane and mediates viral attachment and ...
Martínez Sánchez Francisco - - 2013
Background: Emotional events are followed by recurrent talking about the event (Social Sharing of Emotion, SSE). Several factors that can account for variations in beliefs about SSE were examined: alexithymia, age and sex among two sample groups, Spanish (n= 388) and Uruguayan (n= 537). Method: Both samples completed the 20-item ...
Zanghi Brian M - - 2013
Objective-To compare quantitative magnetic resonance (QMR), dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and deuterium oxide (D2O) dilution methods for measurement of total body water (TBW), lean body mass (LBM), and fat mass (FM) in healthy cats and to assess QMR precision and accuracy. Animals-Domestic shorthair cats (58 and 32 cats for trials ...
Chen Shih-Yin SY Health Economics, United BioSource Corporation, 430 Bedford St., Ste. 300, Lexington, MA 02420, USA. - - 2013
Warfarin is the predominant oral anticoagulant used for the prevention of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) events. However, its long-term use is complicated by the need to manage the drug within a narrow therapeutic range and by possible food and drug interactions. To examine the association between 1-year adherence, measured through ...
Alperovich Michael M - - 2013
Nipple-sparing mastectomy has gained popularity, but the question remains of whether it can be offered safely to women with a history of reduction mammaplasty or mastopexy. The authors present their experience with nipple-sparing mastectomy in this patient population. Patients at the authors' institution who had reduction mammaplasty or mastopexy before ...
Grellet Aurélien - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate fecal calprotectin concentrations in healthy dogs and dogs with chronic diarrhea, to identify cutoff values for fecal calprotectin concentrations for use in differentiating dogs with chronic diarrhea and a canine chronic enteropathy clinical activity index (CCECAI) < 12 from dogs with chronic diarrhea and a CCECAI ≥ 12, ...
Son Hosun - - 2013
Abstract An epidemiological survey on human norovirus (NoV)-associated gastroenteritis was conducted to clarify the prevalence of NoV infections in children and adults in Korea. Recombinant capsid proteins from three major NoV genotypes (GI-4, GII-3, and GII-4) were expressed using a baculovirus expression system, and the morphology and antigenicity of self-assembled ...
Scuderi Maria Grazia - - 2013
Abstract We report a case of a 7-year-old boy with a voluminous 8.5-cm "cobra-head" calculus in a duplex system ureterocele causing flank pain, hematuria, and infection. Combined cysto-ureteroscopy and percutaneous cystolithotomy enables dependent ureterocele incision along its inferolateral border and efficient stone clearance in a single minimally invasive procedure. Protracted ...
Butterfield Jennifer L JL Women’s Plastic Surgery & Rejuvenation Centre 4750 East Galbraith Road, Suite 215, Cincinnati, Ohio 45236, USA. - - 2013
A 2010 nationwide survey of plastic and reconstructive surgeons indicated that approximately 83 percent performed predominantly implant-based breast reconstruction, with acellular dermal matrix used by approximately half of those practitioners. Although the medical literature documents well over 2000 cases of breast reconstruction with matrices, relatively few cases using other than ...
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