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Ishibashi Hideaki - - 2013
Locomotive syndrome means a condition at a risk for requiring nursing care due to deteriorated musculoskeletal organs in the middle-aged and older people. Considering that this concept aims to care prevention and that fracture for fall consists of one-tenth of causes for requiring using care, fall prevention should be an ...
Luyt Charles-Edouard - - 2013
Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a serious hospital-acquired infection, with 20-70% crude mortality and 10-40% estimated attributable mortality. Insufficient antibiotic concentrations at the infection site when these drugs are given intravenously may lead to poor outcomes, particularly when difficult-to-treat pathogens are responsible; for example, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, extended spectrum beta lactamase-producing Gram-negative bacilli, ...
Chatterjee Abhishek - - 2013
: Laser-assisted indocyanine green angiography is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved technology used to assess tissue viability and perfusion. Its use in plastic and reconstructive surgery to assess flap perfusion in autologous breast reconstruction is relatively new. There have been no previous studies evaluating the cost-effectiveness of this new ...
Díaz-Aguado Jalón María J - - 2013
Background: Although there have been many studies of bullying, few have linked it with the escalation of disruption-coercion that sometimes occur in the classroom. Understanding this relationship is the aim of this research. Method: The study included 22114 Spanish adolescents, aged 12 to 18 years (mean age = 14.22, SD ...
Brodeur Darlene A - - 2013
We investigated differences in multiple-object tracking among individuals with Down syndrome (DS) as compared to typically developing children matched on a visual-spatial mental age of approximately 5.5 years. In order to ensure that these effects did not originate in differences in encoding or reporting the positions of targets in distracters ...
Simon Richard - - 2013
The recent surge in high-throughput sequencing of cancer genomes has supported an expanding molecular classification of cancer. These studies have identified putative predictive biomarkers signifying aberrant oncogene pathway activation and may provide a rationale for matching patients with molecularly targeted therapies in clinical trials. Here, we discuss some of the ...
Franzblau Lauren E - - 2013
: Countless articles have demonstrated and emphasized the importance of mentoring in academic medicine. However, the upcoming role of mentors in the evolving medical field is poorly defined. As translational medicine, collaboration, and health care priorities change, so too must the goals and use of mentoring. The aims of this ...
Suzuki Takao - - 2013
For the prevention of fall and its associated injuries including various fractures among the elderly, some simple and clinical screening tools for prediction of falls for the community-dwelling elderly have been developed. In Japan, Toba et al. (2005) explored a portable Fall Risk Index (FRI) consisting of 22items for the ...
Giuffrè Mario - - 2013
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is well known as one of the most frequent etiological agents of healthcare-associated infections. The epidemiology of MRSA is evolving with emergence of community-associated MRSA, the clonal spread of some successful clones, their spillover into healthcare settings and acquisition of antibacterial drug resistances. Neonatal intensive care ...
Fischer John P - - 2013
: The authors' institution has seen an increase in obese and morbidly obese patients seeking autologous breast reconstruction. The authors provide a comprehensive outcome analysis of patients undergoing abdominally based autologous breast reconstruction. : The authors identified obese patients receiving free tissue transfer for breast reconstruction. World Health Organization body ...
López-Escribano Carmen - - 2013
Background: The study of the contribution of language and cognitive skills to reading comprehension is an important goal of current reading research. However, reading comprehension is not easily assessed by a single instrument, as different comprehension tests vary in the type of tasks used and in the cognitive demands required. ...
Basler Christopher F - - 2013
Evaluation of: Mohan GS, Li W, Ye L, Compans RW, Yang C. Antigenic subversion: a novel mechanism of host immune evasion by Ebola virus. PLoS Pathog. 8(12), e1003065 (2012). Ebola viruses encode two glycoproteins (GPs): a membrane-associated GP that is present in the viral membrane and mediates viral attachment and ...
Martínez Sánchez Francisco - - 2013
Background: Emotional events are followed by recurrent talking about the event (Social Sharing of Emotion, SSE). Several factors that can account for variations in beliefs about SSE were examined: alexithymia, age and sex among two sample groups, Spanish (n= 388) and Uruguayan (n= 537). Method: Both samples completed the 20-item ...
Lu Gary - - 2013
Context.-Methods for plasma cell enrichment of bone marrow (BM) specimens can increase the sensitivity of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for detecting cytogenomic abnormalities. There are no published reports using these methods to evaluate high-risk cytogenomic abnormalities in patients with plasma cell neoplasms (PCNs) after therapy. Objective.-To evaluate the utility ...
Spear Scott L - - 2013
: Although acellular dermal matrix materials have been in use for over a decade in primary and secondary breast reconstruction and in some cosmetic breast surgery, little has been published on the outcomes of these materials for cosmetic applications. : A retrospective institutional review board-approved review was conducted of all ...
Alvarez Irene - - 2013
Objective-To determine the reference interval for WBC counts in Holstein dairy cows from herds with high seroprevalence for anti-bovine leukemia virus (BLV) antibodies, analyze the correlation of total WBC counts and blood proviral load (bPVL) in BLV-infected animals, and determine whether total WBC count can be used a hematologic marker ...
Esse Tara - - 2013
Quality compensation programs (QCPs), also known as pay-for-performance programs, are becoming more common within managed care entities. QCPs are believed to yield better patient outcomes, yet the programs lack the evidence needed to support these claims. We evaluated a QCP offered to network primary care physicians (PCPs) within a Medicare ...
Selber Jesse C - - 2013
SUMMARY:: The widespread use of bioprosthetic mesh in breast reconstruction has revealed an increased risk of seroma and infection, and a high financial cost. This study introduces a technique that mitigates these shortcomings using an autologous dermal graft (Autoderm). Indications, operative technique, and 1-year outcomes are reviewed. Thirty-six breasts in ...
Muñiz José - - 2013
International Test Commission Guidelines for test translation and adaptation: Second edition. Background: Adapting tests across cultures is a common practice that has increased in all evaluation areas in recent years. We live in an increasingly multicultural and multilingual world in which the tests are used to support decision-making in the ...
Fiel M Isabel - - 2013
Context.-The incidence of obesity is increasing and contributes to the rising incidence of fatty liver. Body mass index (BMI) is used to assess the degree of obesity but does not take into account the pattern of body fat distribution. Objectives.-To confirm the increasing incidence of fatty liver in an autopsy ...
Sakurai Masashi - - 2013
Objective-To determine whether angiogenesis and microglial activation were related to seizure-induced neuronal death in the cerebral cortex of Shetland Sheepdogs with familial epilepsy. Animals-Cadavers of 10 Shetland Sheepdogs from the same family (6 dogs with seizures and 4 dogs without seizures) and 4 age-matched unrelated Shetland Sheepdogs. Procedures-Samples of brain ...
Sugg Kristoffer B - - 2013
: Nonvascularized autologous bone grafts are the criterion standard in craniofacial reconstruction for bony defects involving the craniofacial skeleton. The authors have previously demonstrated that graft microarchitecture is the major determinant of volume maintenance for both inlay and onlay bone grafts following transplantation. This study performs a head-to-head quantitative analysis ...
Lee Eun Ju - - 2013
Background: Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are advantageous for cell-based therapy to treat ischemic diseases owing to their capacity to secrete various paracrine factors with potent angiogenic activity. Materials & methods: In this study, we describe a method to increase secreted levels of VEGF and HGF from hMSCs ...
Baris Ruser - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: In a random pattern skin flap, distal flap necrosis occurs as a result of inadequate blood flow. Microneedling with a handheld roller device is a new treatment modality, especially for facial rejuvenation. In this study, the authors used microneedling to increase flap viability. METHODS:: Forty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Tochigi Naobumi - - 2013
Context.-The diagnosis of sarcomatoid neoplasms of the lung and pleura can be challenging. Homozygous deletion of 9p21, the locus harboring the p16 gene, has been reported as the most common genetic alteration in malignant mesotheliomas that is of potential diagnostic and prognostic significance. Objectives.-To evaluate the frequency of 9p21 deletion ...
Orgill Dennis P - - 2013
LEARNING OBJECTIVES:: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Explain the present challenges in reconstructive burn surgery. 2. Describe the most appropriate treatment methods and techniques for specific burn injury types, including skin grafts, dermal substitutes, and a variety of flap options. 3. Identify the appropriate ...
Naujokas Agne - - 2013
Context.-Providing basic medical care to patients in underserved communities around the world is a valuable service and should not be compromised. Limited publicly available information on the use of pathology services during short-term medical missions (STMMs) shows a dire need for the improved quality of care being provided. Objective.-To assess ...
Aygit Ahmet C - - 2013
: The transaxillary route is a popular method of breast augmentation because it is associated with inconspicuous scars. The subfascial plane carries the advantages and decreases the disadvantages of subglandular and submuscular planes. In the technique described, the authors placed the implant totally subfascially to strengthen the advantages of the ...
Komatsu Taiki - - 2013
The fall risk has 3.6 fold in Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) and 16 fold post faller syndrome among diseases to cause dementia, and it was reported that have a significant parkinsonism and a fall more. DLB has multiple symptoms such as that physical symptom, rather than worsening a symptom ...
Muñoz Centifanti Luna C - - 2013
Different patterns of emotional reactivity characterize proactive and reactive functions of aggressive behavior, and theory also suggests a link of both types with narcissism. How people with narcissistic traits respond emotionally to competitive scenarios could influence their aggressiveness. Participants were 85 adolescent boys from a detention center. Several indices of ...
Markeson Daniel Benjamin - - 2013
: Zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus injury often precludes the use of a simple core suture as a result of a distal remnant that is too short. The aim of this study was to assess the senior author's (S.I.) simple technique for reinsertion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon. : ...
Boada-Grau Joan - - 2013
Background: Karasek and Theorell's Job Demands-Control Model argues that adverse health-related outcomes, both psychological and physiological, arise from a combination of high job demand and a low level of job control. The objective was to adapt Meijman and Kompier's Bus Drivers' Job Demands Scale (BDJD-24), which enables us to assess ...
Herbers Janette E - - 2013
School mobility has been shown to increase the risk of poor achievement, behavior problems, grade retention, and high school dropout. Using data over 25 years from the Chicago Longitudinal Study, we investigated the unique risk of school moves on a variety of young adult outcomes including educational attainment, occupational prestige, ...
Swanson Eric - - 2013
: Our understanding of breast shape and size changes after surgery is limited by a lack of measurement studies that evaluate and compare changes in breast dimensions after cosmetic breast procedures. This study was undertaken to remedy this deficiency. : Women undergoing primary vertical mastopexy, augmentation/mastopexy, and reduction were evaluated ...
Fontanil Yolanda - - 2013
Background: The most commonly used instruments for assessing adult attachment have shown differing combinations of items and divergences in the resulting sub-scales. Method: This study presents the Scale of Preferences and Expectations in Close Interpersonal Relationships ( Escala de Preferencias y Expectativas en las Relaciones Interpersonales Cercanas, EPERIC), made up ...
Cai Fan - - 2013
Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) is a specific serine protease expressed in tumor stroma proven to be a stimulatory factor in the progression of some cancers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of FAP knockdown on tumor growth and the tumor microenvironment. Mice bearing 4T1 subcutaneous tumors ...
Kisiday John D - - 2013
Objective-To compare the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) yield and chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation from 5- and 50-mL bone marrow aspirates from horses. Animals-Six 2- to 5-year-old mixed-breed horses. Procedures-2 sequential 5-mL aspirates were drawn from 1 ilium or sternebra. A single 50-mL aspirate was drawn from the contralateral ilium, and ...
Pomahac Bohdan - - 2013
: Facial allotransplantation is a revolutionary operation that has at last introduced the possibility of nearly normal facial restoration to patients afflicted by the most severe cases of facial disfigurement. : The facial transplantation team at Brigham and Women's Hospital evaluated more than 20 patients as potential face transplant recipients; ...
Packer Claire - - 2013
Regenerative medicine techniques to restore cardiac and vascular function are being increasingly investigated as management options for cardiovascular disease. The authors set out to identify emerging regenerative techniques in cardiovascular disease and investigate their stage of development. The relevant networks in the field in the UK were contacted and online ...
Kryvenko Oleksandr N - - 2013
Context.-Prostate cancer (PC) with lymph node metastases (LN(+)) is relatively rare, whereas it is relatively common in disease with a Gleason score (GS) 8 to 10 and virtually never seen in PC with GS 6 or less. It is most variable in GS 7 PC. Objective.-To determine clinicopathologic features associated ...
Hong Tingting - - 2013
Serum C-reactive protein (CRP), a sensitive marker of systemic inflammation, has been reported to be associated with the risk of a number of cancers including breast cancer. However, the results are inconsistent. To investigate the association between serum CRP levels and early breast cancer, we conducted a hospital-based case-control study ...
Brendgen Mara - - 2013
The study examined whether reciprocal friendship quantity or quality can mitigate genetic vulnerability for depression symptoms in children. The sample comprised 168 monozygotic twin pairs and 126 same-sex dizygotic twin pairs assessed in Grade 4 (mean age = 10.04 years). Friendship participation was measured via reciprocal nominations of close friendships ...
Degasperi Elisabetta - - 2013
Chronic HBV and HCV are progressive diseases leading to cirrhosis and liver transplantation. Persistent viral eradication or suppression can positively affect the natural course of the infection, by preventing disease progression. Since its introduction more than 30 years ago, IFN-α has represented the foundation of HBV and, lately, anti-HCV treatment. Pegylation ...
Fonseca-Pedrero Eduardo - - 2013
Background: The prevalence and expression of Cluster A personality disorders in adolescence is poorly analyzed and understood. The main goal was to analyze the rate of Cluster A traits and maladaptive personality patterns in adolescents. In addition, the underlying dimensional structure and the possible influence of sex and age in ...
Muraki Shigeyuki - - 2013
A longitudinal analysis using a population-based cohort study known as Research on Osteoarthritis/osteoporosis Against Disability (ROAD) clarified the associations of physical performance and bone and joint diseases with falls. A total of 452 men and 896 women were analyzed in the present study (mean age, 63.9 years) . A questionnaire ...
Choe Daniel Ewon - - 2013
Emotional distress experienced by mothers increases young children's risk of externalizing problems through suboptimal parenting and child self-regulation. An integrative structural equation model tested hypotheses that mothers' parenting (i.e., low levels of inductive discipline and maternal warmth) would mediate adverse effects of early maternal distress on child effortful control, which ...
Manzano-García Guadalupe - - 2013
Background: The literature regarding entrepreneurship suggests that the resilience of entrepreneurs may help to explain entrepreneurial success, but there is no resilience measure widely accepted by researchers. This study analyzes the psychometric properties of the Connor and Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a sample of Spanish entrepreneurs. Method: A telephone ...
Yoon Ji Yoon - - 2013
Adenomyoepithelioma of the breast is an uncommon tumor characterized by dual differentiation into luminal cells and myoepithelial cells. A spectrum of histologic patterns is observed among these tumors and even in different areas of individual tumors. These lesions can be diagnostically challenging, especially when a core needle biopsy is performed, ...
Bókay János - - 2013
Elevated maternal phenylalanine levels during pregnancy are teratogenic, and may result in embryo-foetopathy, which could lead to stillbirth, significant psychomotor handicaps and birth defects. This foetal damage is known as maternal phenylketonuria. Women at the childbearing age with all forms of phenylketonuria, including mild variants such as hyperphenylalaninaemia, should receive ...
Vardanian Andrew J - - 2013
: Social media platforms have revolutionized the way human beings communicate, yet there is little evidence describing how the plastic surgery community has adopted social media. In this article, the authors evaluate current trends in social media use by practicing plastic surgeons. : An anonymous survey on the use of ...
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