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Herath Sandamali Sakunthala - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of sudden weaning of angel fish larvae (Pteraphylum scalari) from Artemia nauplii to commercial larval feed. Four days post hatch (DPH) larvae were reared in four different weaning protocols (TR1-TR4) with triplicates in a complete randomize design. Larvae in TR1 and TR4 were exclusively fed ...
Deb Promita - - 2013
Amylases are one of the most important enzymes in present-day biotechnology. The present study was concerned with the production and partial characterization of extracellular amylase from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens P-001. The effect of various fermentation conditions on amylase production through shake-flask culture was investigated. Enzyme production was induced by a variety ...
Sama Reddy Ranjith K RR Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, - - 2013
FUsed in Sarcoma/Translocated in LipoSarcoma (FUS/TLS or FUS) has been linked to several biological processes involving DNA and RNA processing, and has been associated with multiple diseases, including myxoid liposarcoma and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). ALS-associated mutations cause FUS to associate with stalled translational complexes called stress granules under conditions ...
Collin Matthew M Human Dendritic Cell Laboratory, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2013
Dendritic cells are highly adapted to their role of presenting antigen and directing immune responses. Developmental studies indicate that DCs originate independently from monocytes and tissue macrophages. Emerging evidence also suggests that distinct subsets of DCs have intrinsic differences that lead to functional specialisation in the generation of immunity. Comparative ...
Leonenko Nikolai N - - 2013
Pearson diffusions are governed by diffusion equations with polynomial coefficients. Fractional Pearson diffusions are governed by the corresponding time-fractional diffusion equation. They are useful for modeling sub-diffusive phenomena, caused by particle sticking and trapping. This paper provides explicit strong solutions for fractional Pearson diffusions, using spectral methods. It also presents ...
Oxenford Kerry K Fetal Medicine Unit, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2013
The goal of this study is to investigate women's preferences and information needs for routine implementation of fetal Rhesus D (RhD) typing using cell-free fetal DNA. A questionnaire was developed following focus groups and interviews with both health professionals and RhD negative (RhD-) women offered fetal RhD genotyping within a ...
Jung Kwan-Young KY Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, 20 N Pine St., Baltimore, MD 21201, - - 2013
We herein report on the pharmacophore determination of the ERK docking domain inhibitor (Z)-3-(2-aminoethyl)-5-(4-ethoxybenzylidene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione, which has led to the discovery of compounds with greater selectivities for inhibiting the proliferation of melanoma cells containing active ERK signaling.
Liu T - - 2013
The gene coding for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) has been reported to be associated with the development of psoriasis. To evaluate the association of psoriasis risk and ACE polymorphisms. We carried out a retrieval of studies that explored associations between ACE polymorphism and psoriasis, and analysed the genotype frequencies. In total, ...
Spagnolo Francesco - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the safety and activity of intravenous fotemustine in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma. We report on a series of 25 consecutive patients diagnosed with metastatic uveal melanoma. Fotemustine was administered intravenously as a first-line treatment to all patients. Thrombocytopenia and ...
Kumar Pradeep - - 2013
Hydrazide/hydrazone derivatives are of quite interest for medicinal chemists because of their vast spectrum of biological activity. Literature reports reveal that the hydrazide derivatives have been extensively studied for their biological profile during the past decade. The aim of the present work is to collect literature reports focusing the antimicrobial ...
Nagai Michelly M - - 2013
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is a limbic structure that has a direct influence on the autonomic, neuroendocrine, and behavioral responses to stress. It was recently reported that reversible inactivation of synaptic transmission within this structure causes antidepressant-like effects, indicating that activation of the BNST during stressful ...
Farrell James J - - 2013
Approximately 10% of persons 70 years old or older are now diagnosed with pancreatic cysts, but it is not clear which ones require additional analysis, interventions, or follow-up. Primary care doctors rely on gastroenterologists for direction because no one wants to miss a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, but meanwhile there ...
Lerch Markus M - - 2013
Animal models of acute and chronic pancreatitis have been created to examine mechanisms of pathogenesis, test therapeutic interventions, and study the influence of inflammation on the development of pancreatic cancer. In vitro models can be used to study early stage, short-term processes that involve acinar cell responses. Rodent models reproducibly ...
Frölich Sonja - - 2013
SUMMARY Eimeria maxima has been used as a model apicomplexan parasite to study sexual stage development and oocyst wall formation. A complete understanding of the wall's biochemical and biophysical properties is of great interest in research on all apicomplexan parasites. Purified gametocytes, zygotes and oocysts were analysed by three-dimensional confocal ...
Francisco Guilherme - - 2013
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a major environmental risk factor to the development of cutaneous melanoma as it induces pyrimidine dimers in DNA. Genes that exert their function by arresting the cell cycle are critical to avoid carcinogenic mutations, allowing the processing of DNA repair systems. This study was carried out ...
Lohan Sandeep - - 2013
Resistant pathogenic microbial strains are emerging at a rate that far exceeds the pace of new anti-infective drug development. In order to combat resistance development, there is pressing need to develop novel class of antibiotics having different mechanism of action in comparison to existing antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been ...
Coté Gregory A - - 2013
The prognosis is poor for most patients with pancreatic cancer, chronic pancreatitis, or other pancreatic diseases. Advances in pancreatic imaging could help identify these diseases at earlier stages, when they are easier to treat. Radiographic imaging and endoscopic imaging of the pancreas have progressed from the abdominal roentogram and endoscopic ...
Lakhter Alexander J - - 2013
The tumor suppressor p53 plays a central role in preventing tumor development by promoting transcription of genes that stall cell cycle and induce cell death. Although the majority of melanomas express wild-type p53, the molecular mechanisms that impede its activation remain unclear. We previously reported that the SUMO E3 ligase ...
Wu Bechien U - - 2013
Acute pancreatitis is the leading cause of hospitalization for gastrointestinal disorders in the United States. As rates of hospitalization for acute pancreatitis continue to increase, so does demand for effective management. We review approaches to best manage patients with acute pancreatitis, covering diagnosis, risk and prognostic factors, treatment, and complications, ...
Whitcomb David C - - 2013
A combination of genetic, environmental, and metabolic factors contribute to the development and recurrence of acute and chronic pancreatitis; information on all of these is required to manage patients effectively. For example, variants that affect regulation of the protease, serine (PRSS)1-PRSS2, and claudin (CLDN)2 loci, rather than their coding sequences, ...
Abel Julian - - 2013
There is limited evidence of the impact of advance care planning (ACP) on outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on deaths of all patients known to a hospice in a 2.5-year period to see if use of ACP affected actual place of death, hospital use and cost of hospital ...
Yadav Dhiraj - - 2013
Acute pancreatitis is one of the most frequent gastrointestinal causes of hospital admission in the United States. Chronic pancreatitis, although lower in incidence, significantly reduces patients' quality of life. Pancreatic cancer is associated with a high mortality rate and is one of the top 5 causes of death from cancer. ...
Heremans Elke - - 2013
Freezing of gait (FOG) is defined as a brief, episodic absence or marked reduction of forward progression of the feet despite the intention to walk. It is one of the most debilitating motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) as it may lead to falls and a loss of ...
Mlynek A - - 2013
Symptomatic dermographism is a common urticarial condition. There is a need for an objective method to determine the provocation threshold for patients, in order to facilitate individualized diagnosis and treatment. To compare the dermal responses evoked by a new type of dermographometer (FricTest) with those evoked by a spring-loaded dermographometer ...
Beadell N C - - 2013
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is among the leading causes of adult death and number one cause of severe disability in the United States. In 1995 physicians had their first available Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved treatment for AIS in the form of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA). Since then, ...
Fleming J - - 2013
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes the common childhood isease chickenpox (varicella), or upon reactivation, the dermatomal vesiculopustular eruption seen in shingles (herpes zoster). The clinical course of herpes zoster in immunocompromised patients is often recurrent, protracted and multidermatomal, and it can result in myelitis, meningoencephalitis, and cerebral or small-vessel vasculopathic ...
Yang Guliang - - 2013
The HIV-1 viral infectivity factor (Vif), one of the six accessory proteins, is essential for viral replication and pathogenesis. Its main function is to form Vif-Cullin5-ElonginBC complex and then is able to ubiquitinate and degrade the human anti-viral factor APOBEC3G, which markedly enhances the virus infectivity. Delete Vif leads to ...
Reed Matthew J - - 2013
For the first time in the Emergency Department (ED), to assess the use of rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) in patients presenting with all-cause haemodynamic shock, specifically (a) to establish whether a 5- min (A5) or a 10-min result (A10) is accurate compared with a final maximum clot firmness (MCF) result; (b) ...
Silvester William - - 2013
To report on the quality of advance care planning (ACP) documents in use in residential aged care facilities (RACF) in areas of Victoria Australia prior to a systematic intervention; to report on the development and performance of an aged care specific Advance Care Plan template used during the intervention. An ...
Zarrindast Mohammad-Reza - - 2013
Although a body of evidence shows the crucial role of hippocampal nitrergic and cholinergic systems in the modulation of anxiety, little is known about their functional relationship with regard to anxiety. The present study investigated the relationship between intra-CA1 administration of a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist (mecamylamine) and a nitric ...
Apte Minoti V - - 2013
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is a devastating disease, and patient outcomes have not improved in decades. Treatments that target tumor cells have largely failed. This could be because research has focused on cancer cells and the influence of the stroma on tumor progression has been largely ignored. The focus of pancreatic ...
Paulson Andrew Scott - - 2013
Despite our improved understanding of pancreatic cancer biology and ability to perform more complex pancreatic cancer surgeries that produce better short-term outcomes, major progress toward increasing survival times has been painstakingly slow. Through the often-repeated, dismal survival statistics, it is easy to lose sight of real progress that has been ...
Forsmark Christopher E - - 2013
Advances in our understanding of chronic pancreatitis have improved our care of patients with this disease. Although our therapies are imperfect and many patients remain symptomatic, appropriate medical care improves the quality of life in these patients. Proper management requires an accurate diagnosis, recognition of the modifiable causes of disease, ...
Gukovsky Ilya I Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, California, - - 2013
Inflammation and autophagy are cellular defense mechanisms. When these processes are deregulated (deficient or overactivated) they produce pathologic effects, such as oxidative stress, metabolic impairments, and cell death. Unresolved inflammation and disrupted regulation of autophagy are common features of pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. Furthermore, obesity, a risk factor for pancreatitis ...
Stanger Ben Z BZ Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology and Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2013
The endocrine and exocrine cells in the adult pancreas are not static, but can change their differentiation state in response to injury or stress. This concept of cells in flux means that there may be ways to generate certain types of cells (such as insulin-producing β-cells) and prevent formation of ...
Zheng Lei L The Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA. - - 2013
Immune cells are important in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis and determine disease severity. Results from cytokine-based clinical trials for acute pancreatitis have been disappointing, so strategies that target and alter the behavior of infiltrating immune cells require consideration. Recurrent acute pancreatitis can progress to chronic pancreatitis, which is a ...
Kahn Stacy A SA Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 4065, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2013
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), the delivery of stool from a healthy prescreened donor to an individual with disease, is gaining increasing recognition as a potential treatment for inflammatory bowel diseases. Our objective was to describe patient interest in and social concerns around FMT. We conducted a survey of adults with ...
Abel Ethan V EV Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2013
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas comprise a hierarchy of tumor cells that develop around a population of cancer stem cells. The cancer stem cells promote tumor growth and progression through a number of mechanisms, including differentiation into bulk tumor cells, metastasis, alteration of adjacent stromal cells, and evasion of conventional therapies. As ...
di Magliano Marina Pasca MP Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. - - 2013
The Kras gene is mutated to an oncogenic form in most pancreatic tumors. However, early attempts to use this molecule as a specific biomarker of the disease, or inhibit its activity as a cancer therapy, failed. This left a situation in which everyone was aware of the association between this ...
Williams Kevin M - - 2013
We have synthesized an oxaliplatin derivative using N,N'-dimethyl-1,2-diaminocyclohexane (Me2dach) as the diamine ligand. The complex (S,R,R,S)-Pt(Me2dach)(oxalate), where S,R,R,S represents the chiralities at N,C,C,N, respectively, was prepared and characterized by (1)H NMR spectroscopy, COSY, NOESY, and HMQC. Oxaliplatin reacts with N-acetylmethionine (N-AcMet) to form [Pt(dach)(N-AcMet-S)2] and [Pt(dach)(N-AcMet-S,N)], with the former favored ...
Luiskandl Susan - - 2013
Muscle-specific kinase (MuSK), a receptor tyrosine kinase, is the key player during the formation of the neuromuscular junction. Signal transduction events downstream of MuSK activation induce both pre- and postsynaptic differentiation, which, most prominently, includes the clustering of acetylcholine receptors at synaptic sites. More recently, regulated MuSK endocytosis and degradation ...
Lekunberri Itziar I Department of Marine Biology, Faculty Center of Ecology, University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2013
The composition of prokaryotic communities was determined in the meso- and bathypelagic waters funneled through the Romanche Fracture Zone (RFZ, 2°7'S, 31°79'W to 0°6'N, 14°33'W) in the tropical Atlantic. Distinct water masses were identified based on their physical and chemical characteristics. The bacterial and archaeal communities were depth-stratified with a ...
Thakur Ganesh A GA Center for Drug Discovery, Northeastern University , 116 Mugar Hall, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2013
In previous studies, compound 1 (AM411), a 3-(1-adamantyl) analogue of the phytocannabinoid (-)-Δ(8)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(8)-THC), was shown to have improved affinity and selectivity for the CB1 receptor. In this work, we further explored the role of the 1-adamantyl group at the C-3 position in a series of tricyclic cannabinoid analogues modified ...
Arasaki Yasuki - - 2013
We theoretically study the application of a femtosecond pulse train to simultaneously probe the electronic excitation dynamics and nuclear vibrational motion in the excited-state LiH molecule by means of time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. The step-like population transfers caused by continual interaction with a sequence of pulses and refractory periods are shown ...
Curchod Basile F E - - 2013
Understanding the fate of an electronically excited molecule constitutes an important task for theoretical chemistry, and practical implications range from the interpretation of atto- and femtosecond spectroscopy to the development of light-driven molecular machines, the control of photochemical reactions, and the possibility of capturing sunlight energy. However, many challenging conceptual ...
Selgrade Daniel F DF Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2013
Conditional protein splicing is a powerful biotechnological tool that can be used to rapidly and post-translationally control the activity of a given protein. Here we demonstrate a novel conditional splicing system in which a genetically encoded protein scaffold induces the splicing and activation of an enzyme in mammalian cells. In ...
Tucker Christine M - - 2013
We explored migration decisions using in-depth, semi-structured interviews with male and female youth ages 14 to 24 (n=47) from two Mexican communities, one with high and one with low U.S. migration density. Half were return migrants and half were non-migrants with relatives in the U.S. Migrant and non-migrant youth expressed ...
Masetti M - - 2013
Randomized trials showed that mTOR inhibitors prevent early development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). However, the action of these drugs on CAV late after transplant is controversial, and their effectiveness for CAV prevention in clinical practice is poorly explored. In this observational study we included 143 consecutive heart transplant recipients ...
Waterman Emily H - - 2013
Fetal alcohol exposure is the leading preventable cause of birth and developmental defects in the United States. Despite a growing body of knowledge about the spectrum of disorders resulting from fetal alcohol exposure, 1 in 9 pregnant women continues to drink alcohol during pregnancy, and a small percentage of pregnant ...
McLeod Jacob M - - 2013
Antiphospholipid syndrome is a hypercoagulable disease that can present foot and ankle surgeons with a unique challenge in treating patients who present with thrombosis and ischemia despite having normal pedal pulses. Appropriate perioperative management is imperative in these patients, because limb- and life-threatening complications can occur postoperatively, despite aggressive anticoagulation. ...
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