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Kumar Vipin - - 2013
The structures, energetics, vertical and adiabatic ionization potentials, electron affinities, and global reactivity descriptors of antioxidant vitamins (both water- and fat-soluble) in neutral, positively charged, and negatively charged states were investigated theoretically. We worked within the framework of first-principles density functional theory (DFT), using the B3LYP functional and both localized ...
Karus Michael - - 2013
Complex glycan structures and their respective carrier molecules are often expressed in a cell type specific manner. Thus, glycans can be used for the enrichment of specific cell types such as neural precursor cells (NPCs). We have recently shown that the monoclonal antibodies 487(LeX) and 5750(LeX) differentially detect the LewisX ...
Park Ji Young - - 2013
Follicular variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC), particularly the encapsulated subtype, often cause a diagnostic dilemma. Therefore, many FVPTCs are interpreted as "indeterminate" in preoperative fine-needle aspiration (FNA). The aim of this study was to analyze the genotypic changes in BRAF codons 600 and 601, as well as the N, ...
Agrawal Jyoti - - 2013
In order to search for new products that display antimalarial and immunomodulatory mechanisms that complement direct antiparasitic activity, a set of in vitro and in vivo experiments were designed to evaluate the effect of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis in Plasmodium berghei infected mice. Three extracts of N. arbor-tristis leaves from varying concentrations ...
Moreddu Eric - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the dimensions (maximal width and length), the size and the shape of the PA and their sexual dimorphism. METHODS: Using 3D-CT scan reconstructions and landmarks positioning around the piriform aperture and on the face, a collective of 170 non-pathologic subjects (79 ...
Jain Sandeep - - 2013
Management of relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is challenging and far from satisfactory. The treatment approaches are often varied and controversial. The duration of first remission, site of relapse, immunophenotypic and molecular characteristics of relapsed disease and response to therapy influence treatment outcome. There are three main therapeutic options i.e., ...
Bagi Andrea - - 2013
Naphthalene, the smallest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), is found in abundance in crude oil, its major source in marine environments. PAH removal occurs via biodegradation, a key process determining their fate in the sea. Adequate estimation of PAH biodegradation rates is essential for environmental risk assessment and response planning using ...
Qiu J - - 2013
Optimized calculation of typical acyclic quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) was performed at B3LYP/6-311G** level using density functional theory (DFT) method. A two- dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (2D-QSAR) model was established with the obtained structure parameters as theoretical descriptors. And then three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) models were built using comparative ...
Kumar Suresh - - 2013
Although tubercular meningitis is common in children, tubercular ventriculitis is uncommon. The authors report a 3-mo-old infant who had tubercular ventriculitis secondary to disseminated tuberculosis.
Zhu Lei - - 2013
Behavioral studies revealed that people were less likely to endorse negative information as self-descriptive. Neuroimaging studies have tapped on the neural mechanism underlying intentional self-processing of negative information using self-reflection tasks. Given that human self-processing occurring in our daily life is more likely to be captured by tasks involving incidental ...
Krähenbühl Barbara - - 2013
Detailed structural and functional characterization of proteins by solution NMR requires sequence-specific resonance assignment. We present a set of transverse relaxation optimization (TROSY) based four-dimensional automated projection spectroscopy (APSY) experiments which are designed for resonance assignments of proteins with a size up to 40 kDa, namely HNCACO, HNCOCA, HNCACB and HN(CO)CACB. ...
Kyrø Cecilie - - 2013
PURPOSE: A high intake of whole grains has been associated with a lower incidence of colorectal cancer, but few studies are available on the association with whole grains from different cereals, for example, wheat, rye and oats, and none has addressed these separately. The objective of this study was to ...
Fukami Maki - - 2013
Increased intratumoral expression of aromatase, the key enzyme for estrogen biosynthesis, is predicted to be of critical importance in the development of breast cancer. Recently, several germline rearrangements at 15q21 have been shown to cause overexpression of the aromatase gene CYP19A1 and resulting aromatase excess syndrome. To determine whether submicroscopic ...
Chao Wun S - - 2013
The plant hormone ethylene is known to affect various developmental processes including dormancy and growth. Yet, little information is available about the role of ethylene during paradormancy release in underground adventitious buds of leafy spurge. In this study, we examined changes in ethylene evolution and the ethylene biosynthetic enzyme ACC ...
Lee Jennifer - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mirabegron is a β3-adrenoceptor agonist for the treatment of overactive bladder. There has been little information published or presented about the involvement of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes 3A and 2D6 in the metabolism of mirabegron in humans; in vitro data indicate that oxidative metabolism is primarily mediated by CYP3A ...
van Dijk Marc - - 2013
Interfacial water molecules play an important role in many aspects of protein-DNA specificity and recognition. Yet they have been mostly neglected in the computational modeling of these complexes. We present here a solvated docking protocol that allows explicit inclusion of water molecules in the docking of protein-DNA complexes and demonstrate ...
Patra Amlan K - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of vanillin on methanogenesis and rumen fermentation, and the responses of ruminal protein-degrading bacteria to vanillin (at concentrations of 0, 0.76 and 1.52 g/L), essential oils (clove oil, 1 g/L; origanum oil, 0.50 g/L, and peppermint oil, 1 g/L), and quillaja saponin (at concentration of 0 and 6 g/L) in ...
Peelukhana Srikara Viswanath - - 2013
In this study, coronary diagnostic parameters, pressure drop coefficient (CDP: ratio of trans-stenotic pressure drop to distal dynamic pressure), and lesion flow coefficient (LFC: ratio of % area stenosis (%AS) to the CDP at throat region), were evaluated to distinguish levels of %AS under varying contractility conditions, in the presence ...
Cai Jiangping - - 2013
The G2385R and R1628P polymorphisms of the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene have been reported to be associated with Parkinson's disease (PD), but no data are available on Han-Chinese population of south-eastern China. This study aimed to investigate whether G2385R and R1628P variants are associated with sporadic PD in ...
Steven Daniel - - 2013
Catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is a meanwhile established therapy option, which is most frequently performed using radiofrequency ablation. Mid-term success rate of 70 % are achievable with a single ablation procedure. However, the mechanistics of persistent atrial fibrillation are less well understood and catheter ablation is a far more ...
Martinez de Albornoz Pilar - - 2013
PURPOSE: To ascertain whether changing position and size of the spacer may modify the load and displacement of the tibial plateau when performing an opening wedge high tibial osteotomy. METHODS: Fifteen sawbones tibia models were used. In the axial plane, the anterior, medial, and posterior thirds of the tibial plateau ...
Min Kyoungseon - - 2013
In this study, a novel system for synthesis of 2-butanone from levulinic acid (γ-keto-acid) via an enzymatic reaction was developed. Acetoacetate decarboxylase (AADC; E.C. 4.1.1.4) from Clostridium acetobutylicum was selected as a biocatalyst for decarboxylation of levulinic acid. The purified recombinant AADC from Escherichia coli successfully converted levulinic acid to ...
Maxwell Christina R - - 2013
Abnormal brain oscillatory activity has been found in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and proposed as a potential biomarker. While several studies have investigated gamma oscillations in ASD, none have examined resting gamma power across multiple brain regions. This study investigated resting gamma power using EEG in 15 boys with ASD ...
Yin Lanning - - 2013
Glycolytic pyruvate kinase isoenzyme type M2 (M2-PK) plays a key role in tumor metabolism and energy production. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is critical in regulating angiogenesis which is an essential process required for tumor growth and metastasis. These two genes may function in accordance with tumor development. The purpose ...
King Adam C AC Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, 23 Rec Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. - - 2013
This experiment was set up to investigate the influence of constant and variable practice on performance accuracy and the time- and frequency-dependent structure of the force output dynamics in the learning of an irregular isometric force pattern. Traditional approaches to the variability of practice hypothesis have demonstrated benefits of task-induced ...
Kaklamani Virginia G VG Division Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2013
Adiponectin, a protein secreted by the adipose tissue, is an endogenous insulin sensitizer with circulating levels that are decreased in obese and diabetic subjects. Recently, circulating levels of adiponectin have been correlated with breast cancer risk. Our previous work showed that polymorphisms of the adiponectin pathway are associated with breast ...
Hong Chi-Chen CC Department of Cancer Prevention and Control, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA. - - 2013
Immune signatures in breast tumors differ by estrogen receptor (ER) status. The purpose of this study was to assess associations between ER phenotypes and circulating levels of cytokines that co-ordinate cell-mediated [T-helper type 1 (Th1)] and humoral [T-helper type 2 (Th2)] immunity. We conducted a case-case comparison of 523 women ...
Ghang Yoo-Jin YJ Department of Chemistry, School of Medicine, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, - - 2013
A water-soluble synthetic receptor molecule is capable of selective, controlled endocytosis of a specifically tagged target molecule in different types of living human cells. The presence of suitable choline-derived binding handles is essential for the molecular recognition and transport process, allowing selective guest transport and imaging of cancer cells.
Ambike Satyajit S SS - - 2013
Extrinsic digit muscles contribute to both fingertip forces and wrist movements (FDP and FPL-flexion, EDC-extension). Hence, it is expected that finger forces depend on the wrist movement and position. We investigated the relation between grip force and wrist kinematics to examine whether and how the force (1) scales with wrist ...
Mulder Martijn J - - 2013
It has been suggested that a connection between the STN and value-sensitive areas of the prefrontal cortex might mediate value-based actions in perceptual decision making. In this study, we first seek to quantify a structural connection between the STN and a cortical region that was associated with mechanisms underlying bias ...
Morse Michael A MA Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2013
First-generation, E1-deleted adenovirus subtype 5 (Ad5)-based vectors, although promising platforms for use as cancer vaccines, are impeded in activity by naturally occurring or induced Ad-specific neutralizing antibodies. Ad5-based vectors with deletions of the E1 and the E2b regions (Ad5 [E1-, E2b-]), the latter encoding the DNA polymerase and the pre-terminal ...
Sali Dimitra - - 2013
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is recognized as a precursor to dementia. The amnestic MCI progresses usually to Alzheimer disease. Amnestic MCI multiple domain (md-MCI) seems to progress more rapidly than amnestic MCI single domain (a-MCI). In an attempt to identify patients at risk, we examined white matter changes in MCI ...
Wickham Robert R Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, - - 2013
Phasic dopamine (DA) signaling underlies reward learning. Cholinergic and glutamatergic inputs into the ventral tegmental area (VTA) are crucial for modulating burst firing activity and subsequent phasic DA release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), but the specific VTA nicotinic receptor subtypes that regulate phasic DA release have not been identified. ...
Ginige Maneesha P - - 2013
Managed aquifer recharge offers the opportunity to manage groundwater resources by storing water in aquifers when in surplus and thus increase the amount of groundwater available for abstraction during high demand. The Water Corporation of Western Australia (WA) is undertaking a Groundwater Replenishment Trial to evaluate the effects of recharging ...
Zhao Wei-Hua - - 2013
microRNA-124 (miR-124) plays an important role in regulating growth, invasiveness, stem-like traits, differentiation and apoptosis of glioblastoma cells. PPP1R3L, an inhibitory member of the apoptosis-stimulating protein of p53 family (IASPP), is also able to affect growth, cell cycle progression, metastasis and apoptosis of various types of cancer. To investigate the ...
Zaslavsky Boris G - - 2013
The author considers studies with multiple dependent primary endpoints. Testing hypotheses with multiple primary endpoints may require unmanageably large populations. Composite endpoints consisting of several binary events may be used to reduce a trial to a manageable size. The primary difficulties with composite endpoints are that different endpoints may have ...
Abe Takaya - - 2013
The use of live imaging approaches to examine and understand the dynamic processes that take place during mouse development has become widespread. Several groups have reported their success in generating different reporter mouse lines that express a variety of fluorescent markers for imaging. However, there is currently no established database ...
Hamada Tsuyoshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Feasibility of antireflux metal stent (ARMS), designed to prevent duodenobiliary reflux, was reported in patients with distal malignant biliary obstruction. In this prospective pilot study, we aimed to evaluate a newly designed ARMS as a reintervention for self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) occlusion believed to be caused by duodenobiliary reflux. ...
Waters Karen - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the ability of lateral airway radiography (LAR) to assess adenoidal hypertrophy in children and correlate with the severity of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). METHODS: This cohort study was undertaken in 72 children who presented consecutively for evaluation of OSA to the outpatients of the Children's Hospital at ...
Cheng Lei - - 2013
A methanogenic hexadecane-degrading consortium designated SK originating from the Shengli oilfield was cultured at 55°C. The structure and dynamics of the microbial community during successive transfers were examined using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) fingerprinting and sequencing of 16S rRNA gene fragments. The archaeal community was mainly composed of ...
Laval S - - 2013
Given the failure of chemo- and biotherapies to fight advanced pancreatic cancer, one major challenge is to identify critical events that initiate invasion. One priming step in epithelia carcinogenesis is the disruption of epithelial cell anchorage to the basement membrane which can be provided by hemidesmosomes (HDs). However, the existence ...
Li Zhong-Hua - - 2013
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are overexpressed in various types of primary human cancer and have become attractive targets for cancer therapy. We designed and synthesized a series of new class of HDAC inhibitors (HDACi). Among these, S-(E)-3-(1-(1-(benzo[d]oxazol-2-yl)-2-methylpropyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-N-hydroxyacrylamide (NK-HDAC-1) showed potent antitumor activity. In the present study, we examined the antitumor effects ...
Casamayor Emilio O - - 2013
The Monegros desert contains one of the largest sets of inland saline lakes in Europe constituting a threatened landscape of great scientific and ecological value with large number of reported endemisms. We analyzed bacteria, archaea and microbial eukaryotes from 11 saline lakes in winter and spring by rRNA gene fingerprinting ...
Buatois L A - - 2013
The extensive matgrounds in Carboniferous-Permian open-marine deposits of western Argentina constitute an anachronistic facies, because with the onset of penetrative bioturbation during the early Paleozoic microbial mats essentially disappeared from these settings. Abundant microbially induced sedimentary structures in the Argentinean deposits are coincident with the disappearance of trace and body ...
Capalbo Gianni - - 2013
The gene product of the zinc finger CCCH-type containing 15 (ZC3H15) gene, an immediate early erythropoietin response gene (synonymous: LEREPO4), was further characterized. ZC3H15 was expressed ubiquitously in all human tissues tested by northern blotting and showed mainly a diffuse cytoplasmic distribution by immune fluorescence microscopy and western blotting of ...
Ni Shao-Qing - - 2013
Aim:To develop a population pharmacokinetic model for the immunosuppressant ciclosporin in Chinese children with aplastic anemia and to identify covariates influencing ciclosporin pharmacokinetics.Methods:A total of 102 children with either acquired or congenital aplastic anemia aged 8.8±3.6 years (range 0.9-17.6 years) were included. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) data for ciclosporin were ...
Mizuno Toshiaki - - 2013
This paper focuses on an overview of radioactive cesium 137 (quasi-Cs137 included Cs134) contamination of freshwater fish in Fukushima and eastern Japan based on the data published by the Fisheries Agency of the Japanese Government in 2011. In the area north and west of the Fukushima Nuclear plant, freshwater fish ...
Abdel-Raheem Ihab T - - 2013
Doxorubicin is a chemotherapeutic drug used to treat solid and haematopoietic tumours. Its use is limited by a major side effect of cardiotoxicity. It was reported that doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity is mediated through oxidative stress coupled with impaired NO bioavailability and NF-κB activation. Nicorandil, a mitochondrial ATP-dependent potassium (KATP ) channel ...
Van Laer Liesbeth - - 2013
In the Noorderkempen (NW Belgium), a large area (about 280 km(2)) is contaminated with cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) due to historical pollution by the Zn smelters. Direct aquatic emissions of metals have diminished over time, however the surface water metal concentration largely exceeds quality standards, mainly during winter periods. ...
Reich K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Continuous maintenance therapy with infliximab 5 mg/kg every 8 weeks is effective for moderate-to-severe plaque-type psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated efficacy and safety of continuous versus intermittent infliximab maintenance therapy. METHODS: RESTORE2 was a long-term extension of RESTORE1. At baseline of RESTORE2, eligible patients who had received infliximab for ...
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