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Results 201 - 250 of 4858
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Jan Syed Umer - - 2013
Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) has been evaluated and used with technetium 99m ((99m)Tc) in imaging of kidneys. DMSA lyophilized kits were prepared and radiolabelled with (99m)Tc. Paper and thin-layer chromatography have been employed using various eluent systems for the radiochemical analysis, percentage labeling and binding capacity of (99m)Tc-DMSA. Female albino rabbits ...
Khuda Fazli - - 2013
In vivo and in vitro screening of anti inflammatory activity of Valeriana wallichii and Achyranthes aspera leaves crude extract was performed, using standardized procedures. Methanolic crude extract topical formulation (cream) of Valeriana wallichii and Achyranthes aspera leaves (Family Valerianaceae and Amaranthaceae respectively), were screened for their anti-inflammatory activity, through "Carrageenan ...
Castilla-Fernandez Y Y Neonatology Department, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2013
We report the case of a newborn with alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACD/MPV), a rare condition of unknown etiology presenting in the neonatal period with significant persistent pulmonary hypertension. The diagnosis was made by lung biopsy and confirmed at autopsy. Specific genetic analysis demonstrated defects in ...
Morrison Stephanie S Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, - - 2013
Pregnant women are generally excluded from studies that measure allostatic load (AL) because there is concern that the changing levels of AL-related biomarkers during pregnancy do not reflect a woman's true AL. The goal of this study was to determine whether AL can be measured in a meaningful way during ...
Tarakji Khaldoun G - - 2013
The indications for cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) have increased significantly over the last two decades. This has led to a surge in device implants in an expanding cohort of recipients who are in general older and who have more comorbidities. Implantation of CIED is carried out under sterile techniques ...
Wells Marie S W - - 2013
Immediate-use steam sterilization (IUSS) was routinely used to prepare radioactive seeds for use in elective urology cases at an urban academic medical center. In an attempt to eliminate this practice, the senior clinical nurse queried educators from nearby facilities about their practices for processing these implants and met with all ...
Kynast Katharina L - - 2013
miRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that are important players in development, as well as in a number of physiological and pathophysiological processes. Due to their regulatory role in protein expression, it has been assumed that they are associated with peripheral and central sensitization mechanisms in the nervous system after nociceptive ...
Sherkheli Muhammad Azhar - - 2013
TRPV3 ion channels mediate thermo-transduction, nociception, inflammation and dermatitis in mammals. TRPV1-4 proteins have been shown to have conserved cysteine-residues in the pore-forming regions. These residues participate in channel activation via S-nitrosylation of channel proteins. Camphor is a commonly used ligand for TRPV3 channels. Thus the knowledge about the potential ...
Li Xin - - 2013
To access efficacy of percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) of liver metastases from nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). From March 2007 to June 2012, 18 consecutive patients with NPC and liver metastases (15 men and three women; average age, 45.7 y; age range, 31-61 y) received computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous MWA treatment. A ...
Heidbuchel Hein H Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. - - 2013
New oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative for vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Both physicians and patients will have to learn how to use these drugs effectively and safely in clinical practice. Many unresolved questions on how to optimally use these ...
Garchar Dave - - 2013
Lisfranc joint dislocation secondary to Charcot arthropathy is a debilitating condition that often leads to ulceration and infection. After conservative treatment, such as bracing and appropriate shoe wear fail, the only option might be amputation. However, we have seen good clinical outcomes from applying a plate to the plantar (tension) ...
Mirza Beenish - - 2013
Being rich in polyphenolic compounds such as flavonoids, green tea is suggested to be a potential candidate for the treatment of obesity, stress, depression, Parkinson's and other disorders. Since serotonin has an important role in the pathophysiology of these disorders, present study was designed to monitor the effects of green ...
Bu Guanhao - - 2013
Milk processing technologies for the control of cow's milk protein allergens are reviewed in this paper. Cow's milk is a high nutritious food; however, it is also one of the most common food allergens. The major allergens from cow's milk have been found to be β-lactoglobulin, α-lactalbumin and caseins. Strategies ...
Horn Biljana - - 2013
In this review we discuss recent outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), including survival, T- and B-cell reconstitution, and late effects, particularly those related to genotype, use of conditioning regimen, and use of alternative donors. We identify the following issues that require additional ...
Hannachi Hedia - - 2013
The wild olive trees or oleaster (var. sylvestris) and the cultivated olive trees (var. europaea) constitute the two botanical varieties of Olea europaea L. from Mediterranean. In this study, a partial chemical profile was conducted including the total lipids, the fatty acid profiles, soluble proteins, polyphenols, flavanoids contents and antioxidants ...
Said Sameh M - - 2013
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a clinical entity in which there is unexplained hypertrophy of the left ventricle in the absence of another cardiac or systemic etiology. Variants of HCM may include basal, midventricular, apical or diffuse types. In this review, the authors summarize the current surgical treatment and outcomes of ...
Fu Wanhai - - 2013
High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is considered a protective strategy for human lungs. This study was designed to define microscopic structural features of lung injury following HFOV with a high lung volume strategy in newborn piglets with acute lung injury. After acute lung injury with saline lavage, newborn piglets were ...
Hirahara Kiyoshi K Molecular Immunology and Inflammation Branch, National Institutes of Arthritis, and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1930, - - 2013
CD4 helper T cells are critical for proper immune cell homeostasis and host defense but are also major contributors to immune and inflammatory disease. Arising from a simple biphasic model of differentiation (ie, TH1 and TH2 cells). A bewildering number of fates seem possible for helper T cells. To what ...
Tiberio Guido Alberto Massimo - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aims to recognize factors affecting operative and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy performed by using the transabdominal approach. METHODS: From a prospectively collected adrenal database, we performed a retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing unilateral adrenalectomy from July 2002 to December 2011. The outcome ...
Martinez de Albornoz Pilar - - 2013
PURPOSE: To ascertain whether changing position and size of the spacer may modify the load and displacement of the tibial plateau when performing an opening wedge high tibial osteotomy. METHODS: Fifteen sawbones tibia models were used. In the axial plane, the anterior, medial, and posterior thirds of the tibial plateau ...
Sali Dimitra - - 2013
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is recognized as a precursor to dementia. The amnestic MCI progresses usually to Alzheimer disease. Amnestic MCI multiple domain (md-MCI) seems to progress more rapidly than amnestic MCI single domain (a-MCI). In an attempt to identify patients at risk, we examined white matter changes in MCI ...
Hickman Ruth J - - 2013
Little is known about the association of depression subtypes with inflammatory markers predictive of coronary artery disease. In a sample of younger adults representative of the U.S. population, we examined differences in serum C-reactive protein (CRP) among individuals with atypical major depressive disorder (MDD; n = 16), nonatypical MDD (n = 93), and no ...
Koeda Sota - - 2013
Plants in tropical regions experience temperature fluctuation only in non-extreme ambient temperatures. Thus, moderate changes in temperatures, which they never experience in their local environments, might be sufficient to manifest the locally hidden phenotype caused by natural mutation. To validate this hypothesis, temperature-treating experiments were performed on Capsicum accessions collected ...
Israel C W - - 2013
The implantation of a left atrial appendage (LAA) occluder has evolved into an established non-pharmacological alternative to oral anticoagulation (OAC) in the prevention of cardioembolic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. While 2 randomized trials investigated the LAA occluder as an alternative treatment in patients who can also undergo OAC, ...
Sami Arshawn - - 2013
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a grade IV astrocytoma with a median survival of 12 months despite current multi-modal treatment options. GBM is distinguished clinicopathologically into primary and secondary subtypes. Mutations of phosphatase and tensin homolog, and subsequent upregulation of the downstream protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway, are ...
Desroches Andrea - - 2013
Although activity involvement has been linked to positive youth development, the value that adolescents place on these activities (i.e., how much they enjoy the activities, find them important, and spend time on them) has received less attention. The purpose of the present study was to examine the bidirectional longitudinal association ...
Hayat Matthew J - - 2013
Statistics education is a necessary element of nursing education, and its inclusion is recommended in the American Association of Colleges of Nursing guidelines for nurse training at all levels. This article presents a cohesive summary of an expert panel discussion, "Teaching Statistics to Nursing Students," held at the 2012 Joint ...
Acosta K Alexandra - - 2013
Erythema nodosum (EN) is the most common form of panniculitis. It is characterized by erythematous, raised, tender nodules that usually occur bilaterally on the extensor surfaces of the lower extremities. EN is associated with many underlying conditions including infection, sarcoidosis, malignancy, and pregnancy. Its underlying etiology, however, is unknown in ...
Kumar Suresh - - 2013
Although tubercular meningitis is common in children, tubercular ventriculitis is uncommon. The authors report a 3-mo-old infant who had tubercular ventriculitis secondary to disseminated tuberculosis.
Zhu Lei - - 2013
Behavioral studies revealed that people were less likely to endorse negative information as self-descriptive. Neuroimaging studies have tapped on the neural mechanism underlying intentional self-processing of negative information using self-reflection tasks. Given that human self-processing occurring in our daily life is more likely to be captured by tasks involving incidental ...
Krähenbühl Barbara - - 2013
Detailed structural and functional characterization of proteins by solution NMR requires sequence-specific resonance assignment. We present a set of transverse relaxation optimization (TROSY) based four-dimensional automated projection spectroscopy (APSY) experiments which are designed for resonance assignments of proteins with a size up to 40 kDa, namely HNCACO, HNCOCA, HNCACB and HN(CO)CACB. ...
Li Jin - - 2013
An upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor was employed to treat saline sulfate wastewater. Mesophilic operation (35 ± 0.5 °C) was performed with hydraulic retention time fixed at 16 h. When the salinity was 28 g L(-1), the chemical oxygen demand and sulfate removal efficiencies were 52 and 67 %, respectively. The salinity effect on sulfate removal was ...
Fekrazad Reza - - 2013
Demineralization of enamel around orthodontic brackets is a clinical problem which can lead to some esthetic concerns like white spot lesions. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of the Er, Cr:YSGG laser and fluoride application on the acid resistance of enamel adjacent to orthodontic ...
C─âtoi Adriana Florinela - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate nitric oxide (NO) metabolites (nitrite/nitrate NO x ) as proinflammatory parameter and total oxidant status (TOS) as well as total antioxidant response (TAR) as oxidative stress (OS) markers in morbidly obese (MO) patients in comparison with normal-weight healthy (NWH) subjects and ...
Khanna Surbhi - - 2013
People who have near-death experiences often report a subsequently increased sense of spirituality and a connection with their inner self and the world around them. In this study, we examined spiritual well-being, using Paloutzian and Ellison's Spiritual Well-Being Scale, among 224 persons who had come close to death. Participants who ...
Saíz-Urra Liane - - 2013
DNA gyrase subunit B, that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP, is an attractive target for the development of antibacterial drugs. This work is intended to rationalize molecular recognition at DNA gyrase B enzyme - inhibitor binding interface through the evaluation of different scoring functions in finding the correct pose and ...
de Souza Marcelo Alves - - 2013
The present study investigated the long-lasting effects of prenatal repeated restraint stress on social behavior and anxiety, as well as its repercussions on oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP)-positive neurons of the paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic (SON) nuclei from stressed pups in adulthood. Female Wistar rats were exposed to restraint stress ...
Song Lintao - - 2013
Using fusion tags, expression of recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 18 (rhFGF18) in mammalian cells and Escherichia coli has been extensively used for fundamental research and clinical applications, including chondrogenesis and osteogenesis, hair growth, and neuroprotection. However, high-level rhFGF18 expression is difficult and the products are often not homogeneous. Furthermore, ...
Morse Michael A MA Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2013
First-generation, E1-deleted adenovirus subtype 5 (Ad5)-based vectors, although promising platforms for use as cancer vaccines, are impeded in activity by naturally occurring or induced Ad-specific neutralizing antibodies. Ad5-based vectors with deletions of the E1 and the E2b regions (Ad5 [E1-, E2b-]), the latter encoding the DNA polymerase and the pre-terminal ...
Harnet J C - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the transversal relationships between two cephalometric landmarks and lines on the face using ovale, rotundum, greater palatine and infra-orbital foramina as references. METHOD: Thirty-four children dry skulls, 19 males and 15 females aged 0-6 years, were examined by computed tomography scanning by ...
Zhang Jinping - - 2013
The empirical mode decomposition method is applied to analyze fluctuating periods and local features of the annual drought index and the drought index in the irrigation and non-irrigation periods from 1956 to 2010 in the Yinchuan irrigation district. In order to understand the uncertainty between these variables, the set pair ...
Patel Manishkumar B - - 2013
The present work reports a series of novel cationic fullerene derivatives bearing a substituted-quinazolinone moiety as a side arm. Fullerene-quinazolinone conjugates synthesized using the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of C60 with azomethine ylides generated from the corresponding Schiff bases of substituted quinazolinone were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C ...
Otero-Garcia Marcos - - 2013
Quantitative analysis of the immunoreactivity for arginine-vasopressin (AVP-ir) in the telencephalon of male (intact and castrated) and female CD1 mice allows us to precisely locate two sexually dimorphic (more abundant in intact than castrated males and females) AVP-ir cell groups in the posterior bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST) ...
Abou Samra Haifa - - 2013
No instrument exists that measures student perceptions of the faculty role. Such a measure is necessary to evaluate the efficacy of interventions aimed at attracting students to the faculty career path. We developed the Nurse Educator Scale (NES). The initial scale items were generated using the social cognitive career theory ...
Agrawal Jyoti - - 2013
In order to search for new products that display antimalarial and immunomodulatory mechanisms that complement direct antiparasitic activity, a set of in vitro and in vivo experiments were designed to evaluate the effect of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis in Plasmodium berghei infected mice. Three extracts of N. arbor-tristis leaves from varying concentrations ...
Moreddu Eric - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the dimensions (maximal width and length), the size and the shape of the PA and their sexual dimorphism. METHODS: Using 3D-CT scan reconstructions and landmarks positioning around the piriform aperture and on the face, a collective of 170 non-pathologic subjects (79 ...
Block Hannah - - 2013
When systematic movement errors occur, the brain responds with a systematic change in motor behavior. This type of adaptive motor learning can transfer intermanually; adaptation of movements of the right hand in response to training with a perturbed visual signal (visuomotor adaptation) may carry over to the left hand. While ...
Lorenz Katrin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The main objectives of this analysis were to assess the treatment costs and to identify major cost drivers and factors predicting direct costs in German patients with ocular hypertension (OHT) or primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: This non-interventional cross-sectional study was conducted in two university hospitals and 13 ophthalmology ...
Dehal Ahmed - - 2013
To examine the effect of comorbidity on risk of postoperative complications, prolonged hospitalization (defined as above median length of stay), non-routine disposition, and in-patient death among women with breast cancer after surgery. Nationwide in-patient sample is a nationwide clinical and administrative database. Discharges of patients aged 40 years and older who ...
Schettino L F - - 2013
While the process of hand preshaping during grasping has been studied for over a decade, there is relatively little information regarding the organization of digit contact timing (DCT). This dearth of information may be due to the assumption that DCT while grasping exhibits few regularities or to the difficulty in ...
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