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Harskamp Ralf E - - 2013
Patients with diabetes mellitus are prone to a diffuse and rapidly progressive form of coronary artery disease. As a result, diabetic patients undergoing coronary revascularization are at higher risk of cardiovascular events compared with nondiabetic patients. Due to marked advances of stent device technology and adjunctive pharmacology, percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Svendsen Jesper Hastrup - - 2013
The aims of this survey was to provide insight into treatment activity, the strategy of treatment, and risk stratification of patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic ventricular pre-excitation across Europe. Fifty-eight centres, members of the European Heart Rhythm Association EP research network, covering 20 countries answered the survey questions. All centres ...
Cottom James M - - 2013
Lapidus arthrodesis (first metatarsal cuneiform arthrodesis) has become an accepted procedure for hallux abducto valgus. Several variations of fixation have been described. Earlier weightbearing postoperatively has been one reported benefit of using locking plates for fixation. Additionally, studies have demonstrated that fixation placed on the plantar or tension side of ...
Jahan Sarwat - - 2013
Synthesis of novel phenacyl derivatives of alkyl piperidine as cytotoxic agents via simple and single step reaction procedure is going to be reported here. Twelve new compounds were successfully synthesized in moderate yield and in solid form. Their synthesis was confirmed by TLC, melting point, CHN analysis and through different ...
Hidalgo-Lopezosa Pedro P University Hospital Reina Sofía Maimonides Institute of Biomedical Research in Cordoba (IMIBIC) at University of Cordoba, Córdoba, Spain. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine whether birth plans are associated with improved obstetric and neonatal outcomes. This retrospective case-control study (N = 182) was conducted at a hospital in Córdoba, Spain, between August 2008 and September 2011. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared between groups (women with ...
Zinn Jennifer - - 2013
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common type of health care-associated infection in surgical patients. We wanted to identify which intraoperative prep solution used in our health network for adult open abdominal surgical procedures resulted in the lowest incidence of SSI 30 days after surgery. In addition, we wanted ...
Ahmed Atique U - - 2013
Glioblastoma multiforme is one of the most aggressive brain tumors in adults. Despite the use of the best available multimodal therapeutic approaches, the prognosis remains dismal. The identification of glioma stem cells (GSCs) has offered new hope to affected patients, since it could explain, in part, the highly heterogeneous nature ...
Olorunnisola Olubukola Sinbad - - 2013
Recent approach in treatment and drug development suggested that the control of oxidative stress in malarial infected patients may be an added advantage. In this study, effect of methanolic leaf extract of Sphenocentrum jollyanum pier (S. jollyanum) on liver damage, markers of oxidative stress and alteration in lipid profile in ...
Boschewitz Jack M - - 2013
To retrospectively evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the EXOSEAL vascular closure device (VCD) for first or repeated closure after retrograde percutaneous femoral arterial access. A retrospective analysis of 417 patients (271 men; mean age, 64.1 y±12.8; age range, 22-94 y) who had undergone arterial closure with the EXOSEAL VCD ...
Gandour Jackson T - - 2013
The contemporary view is that a disruption in phonological encoding underlies the speech production deficit in conduction aphasia. We therefore expect to observe a commonality in phonological errors regardless of task - speaking, reading, or writing. A case report is presented of an oral reading task performed by a Thai ...
Mission John F - - 2013
Obesity has increased dramatically in the United States over the last several decades, with approximately 40% of women now considered overweight or obese. Obesity has been shown to be associated with poor pregnancy outcomes, including increased rates of cesarean delivery, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, fetal macrosomia, stillbirth, and postterm pregnancy. In ...
Ahmed Dildar - - 2013
The present study aimed to establish relationship between urease and alpha-amylase inhibitory activities on the one hand and on the other between anti-enzymatic activities and total phenolic contents of the methanolic extract of roots of Rumex acetosella and its fractions in various solvents. The methanolic extract and its fractions in ...
Graling Paula R - - 2013
We conducted a prospective cohort study on the effectiveness of preoperative bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) cloths for reducing surgical site infections. We hypothesized that use of CHG cloths as an adjunct to surgical prep would significantly reduce the endogenous flora of surgical patients and therefore reduce surgical site infections. ...
Yilmaz Burak - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare strains generated by splinted and nonsplinted cement-retained implant crowns for two implants. A stereolithic resin cast was printed using computed tomography scan data from a patient. Two 4 × 6-mm implants were placed in the posterior left side of the cast. Splinted ...
Seymour Karen E - - 2013
Bipolar disorder (BD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often comorbid or confounded; therefore, we evaluated emotional face identification to better understand brain/behavior interactions in children and adolescents with either primary BD, primary ADHD, or typically developing controls (TDC). Participants included individuals 7 to 17 years of age (overall sample mean ...
Saaiq Muhammad - - 2013
A 26 years old manual labourer from Azad Jammu Kashmir presented with four days history of an extensive exfoliation of skin involving the entire body. Histology of the lesion showed epidermal necrolysis. The patient was a recently diagnosed case of epilepsy and had been started on therapy with sodium valproate ...
Edwin Ubulom Peace Mayen - - 2013
Senna alata is locally used in South Eastern Nigeria in the treatment of several infections which include ringworm and other parasitic skin diseases.The larvicidal activities of aqueous and ethanolic leaf and stem extracts of S. alata were evaluated in static bioassays, on fourth instar larvae of Anopheles gambiae, Culex quinquefasciatus ...
Medina Miguel - - 2013
Originally discovered because of its role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, GSK-3 is now widely recognized as a crucial player in many cellular functions. Control of GSK-3 activity occurs by complex mechanisms that are each dependent upon specific signaling pathways. Furthermore, GSK-3 dysfunction has been linked to a number ...
Kanwal Hafsah - - 2013
Neuroblastoma is a cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, accounting for upto 15% of childhood cancer mortality. It can occur in many areas but most of them begin in the abdomen in the adrenal gland and can spread to the bones and other areas. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroblastoma-cite_note-pmid19383347-3. Unfortunately, like other cancers, its ...
Yeung Susanna S S - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of a 12-week language-enriched phonological awareness instruction on 76 Hong Kong young children who were learning English as a second language. The children were assigned randomly to receive the instruction on phonological awareness skills embedded in vocabulary learning activities or comparison instruction which consisted of ...
Nelson Lucy - - 2013
Evidence supporting a link between vascular disorders such as hypertension and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is increasing. Population studies have suggested an association between hypertension and an increased risk of developing AD. A potential role for antihypertensive medications in the management of cognitive disorders has also been suggested, although findings are ...
Smouse H Bob - - 2013
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Crux vena cava filter in patients at risk for pulmonary embolism (PE). The Crux Biomedical Evaluation of the Crux Inferior Vena Cava Filter System trial was an international prospective, multicenter, single-arm clinical trial in 125 patients implanted with the Crux filter between ...
Dimmick Simon - - 2013
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) of the hip is a well-recognized entity that can cause hip pain and limit range of motion. Although there are 2 types of FAI (cam and pincer), these 2 entities most commonly coexist. Plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging are commonly used to assess FAI, and play ...
Yamazaki Seiya - - 2013
Purpose: To compare the complication rate of natural teeth adjacent to implant supported dentures (IFDs) with that of teeth serving as abutments for fixed partial dentures (FPDs). The second goal was to assess the risk factors for complications in teeth adjacent to bounded edentulous spaces. Materials and Methods: The study ...
Lee Anthony M D - - 2013
ABSTRACT. For the first time, the use of fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography (CDOCT) to map in vivo the three-dimensional (3-D) vascular network of airway segments in human lungs is demonstrated. Visualizing the 3-D vascular network in the lungs may provide new opportunities for detecting and monitoring lung diseases ...
Kang Sung Han SH Childhood Asthma Atopy Center, Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Recent studies have identified an increase in the prevalence of asthma associated with paracetamol use. To identify the relationship among asthma, biomarkers, genes, and paracetamol use in preschool children. We undertook a population-based, cross-sectional survey of 933 preschool children. Asthma status was classified according to medical history and asthmatic symptoms. ...
Stone Gregg W GW Center for Interventional Vascular Therapy, Columbia University Medical Center, NY, USA. - - 2013
Gregg Stone is Professor of Medicine at Columbia University, Director of Cardiovascular Research and Education at the Center for Interventional Vascular Therapies at Columbia University Medical Center, and Co-Director of Medical Education and Research at the Cardiovascular Research Foundation in New York (NY, USA). He has served as the principle ...
Thurston Rebecca C - - 2013
The public health burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is high both in terms of economic and social costs. Key modifiable factors identified for CVD prevention include health behaviors and health risk factors (e.g., cholesterol, blood pressure). However, a substantial body of research has also identified stress, anxiety, and depression as ...
Masetti M - - 2013
Randomized trials showed that mTOR inhibitors prevent early development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). However, the action of these drugs on CAV late after transplant is controversial, and their effectiveness for CAV prevention in clinical practice is poorly explored. In this observational study we included 143 consecutive heart transplant recipients ...
Waterman Emily H - - 2013
Fetal alcohol exposure is the leading preventable cause of birth and developmental defects in the United States. Despite a growing body of knowledge about the spectrum of disorders resulting from fetal alcohol exposure, 1 in 9 pregnant women continues to drink alcohol during pregnancy, and a small percentage of pregnant ...
McLeod Jacob M - - 2013
Antiphospholipid syndrome is a hypercoagulable disease that can present foot and ankle surgeons with a unique challenge in treating patients who present with thrombosis and ischemia despite having normal pedal pulses. Appropriate perioperative management is imperative in these patients, because limb- and life-threatening complications can occur postoperatively, despite aggressive anticoagulation. ...
Florence Ngueguim Tsofack - - 2013
The present study examine the in vivo effects of Dorstenia Picta (D. picta) on urinary volume and sodium excretion in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and determine a possible mechanism by which the extract increased sodium transport in A6 cells monolayers. Administration of the plant extract at the dose of 150 mg/kg ...
Khan Rahmat Ali - - 2013
Sonchus asper is used traditionally in the treatment of kidney inflammation, hormonal imbalance and impotency. Sonchus asper methanolic extract (SAME) was investigated for its possible preventive effect against potassium bromate (KBrO3) induced oxidative damages in male rats using biochemical, molecular and histopathological markers in this study. 5 groups, each group ...
Aldrich Noel D - - 2013
Evaluate reported use of the practice of "eating more protein" to prevent weight gain among midlife women. Cross-sectional national survey. One thousand eight hundred twenty-four midlife women (40-60 y) from the 9 United States geographic regions, primarily married (71%), white (76%), and well educated; half were premenopausal (49%). Frequency of ...
Bravo C - - 2013
Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS) is a rare genetic disorder associated with neurodevelopmental delay and heart defects. We report the first case of prenatal diagnosis of PTLS in a fetus with hypoplastic left heart and aberrant right subclavian artery. Detection of a fetal heart defect should be followed by chromosomal and genetic ...
Barley Jessica - - 2013
Essential or unexplained hypertension exists in a significant segment of the US population. Among those with essential or unexplained hypertension is a subset of patients who are diagnosed with 'refractory hypertension' (RHTN) or uncontrolled hypertension despite sustained therapy with at least three antihypertensive agents. Neurogenic etiologies are prevalent among patients ...
Tamboli Viral - - 2013
The purpose of this investigation was to design novel pentablock copolymers (polylatide-polycaprolactone-polyethylene glycol- polycaprolactone-polylatide) (PLA-PCL-PEG-PCL-PLA) to prepare nanoparticle formulations which provide continuous delivery of steroids over a longer duration with minimal burst effect. Another purpose was to evaluate the effect of poly (L-lactide) (PLLA) or poly (D, L-lactide) (PDLLA) incorporation ...
Anderson Cheryl - - 2013
: To explore and compare associations among demographics, childbirth-related stressors, depressive symptoms, gestational age, and psychological birth trauma (PBT) among adolescents. : This cross-sectional, descriptive, comparative study compared two groups of adolescents for PBT. From a larger study dataset, we identified all adolescents delivering prior to 38 weeks (n = ...
Ecemis Gulcin Cengiz - - 2013
Although there is not enough strong molecular evidence for radiation to be a causal factor for the development of secondary brain tumors, a relationship has still been found. There is a slight but significant 2-2.7% increased risk of secondary brain tumors after conventional radiotherapy. However, this risk is small and ...
Mainardi Luca - - 2013
Assessing repolarization heterogeneity (RH) from surface ECG recording is an open issue in modern electrocardiography, despite the fact that several indexes measured on the T-wave have been proposed and tested. To understand how RH occurring at myocite level is reflected on T-wave shapes, in this paper we propose a mathematical ...
Siddiqui Sabahat Zahra - - 2013
A series of new N-substituted derivatives of 5-benzyl-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole-2yl-2ꞌꞌ-sulfanyl acetamide (6a-n) were synthesized in three phases. The first phase involved the sequentially converting phenyl acetic acid into ester, hydrazide and finally cyclized in the presence of CS2 to afford 5-benzyl-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole-2-thiol. In the second phase N-substituted-2-bromoacetamides were prepared ...
Ali Nouruddin Wageih - - 2013
Validated spectrophotometric and chemometric methods were developed for determination of Naphazoline Hydrochloride (NAP), Chlorpheniramine maleate (CLO) and Methylene blue (MB) in their ternary mixture. Method A was a spectrophotometric method, where NAP and MB were determined using second derivative (D2) spectrophoto metric method using the peak amplitudes at 299 nm ...
Kim Young-Joo - - 2013
To evaluate clinical outcomes of failed pelvic arterial embolization (PAE) and determine predictive factors associated with this failure in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). This retrospective study included all consecutive patients who underwent PAE for life-threatening PPH between March 2004 and January 2011 at a tertiary-care center. Medical records ...
Panjwani Bella - - 2013
Palatal rugae have been suggested as a stable landmark and potential biometric guide for positioning anterior maxillary teeth. This study aimed to evaluate the use of palatal rugae as a biomarker by establishing mathematical correlations with anterior maxillary dental arch geometry and tooth positions. One hundred dental casts were obtained ...
Neu Madalynn M University of Colorado College of Nursing, Aurora, CO, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this randomized, controlled trial was to determine if nurse-supported kangaroo holding of healthy preterm infants in the first 8 weeks of the infant's life facilitates early behavioral organization and development. We randomized 87 infants born between 32 and 35 weeks gestation and their mothers to one of ...
Newey Christopher R - - 2013
Subtraction ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) co-registered to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (SISCOM) is a useful modality to identify epileptogenic focus. Using this technique, several studies have generally considered the area of highest ictal hyperperfusion, as outlined by thresholding the difference images with a standard z score of ...
Rasool Rafia - - 2013
Wild and tissue culture raised regenerants of Artemisia amygdalina, a critically endangered and endemic plant of Kashmir and North West Frontier Provinces of Pakistan were screened for the amount of bioactive principles and in particular antimalarial compound artemesinin. Phytochemical screening of extracts revealed the presence of terpenes, alkaloids, phenolics, tannins ...
Chow E K H - - 2013
Over 10% of deceased donors in 2011 met PHS/CDC criteria for infectious risk donor (IRD), and discard rates are significantly higher for kidneys from these donors. We hypothesized that patient phenotypes exist for whom the survival benefit outweighs the infectious risk associated with IRDs. A patient-oriented Markov decision process model ...
Namouz Shirin - - 2013
This article reviews the use and effectiveness of emergency cerclage for women who present with a dilated cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy and seeks to identify predictors of favorable emergency cerclage outcomes. We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Library for the period January 1995 to April 2012 and ...
Didomenico Lawrence A - - 2013
When total ankle arthroplasty fails, few good options are available for salvage. We report a case of total ankle arthroplasty displacement after trauma. The injury was initially repaired with an anterior ankle arthrodesis plate for ankle fusion. On the follow-up radiographs taken during the fourth postoperative week, internal fixation failure ...
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