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Zinn Jennifer - - 2013
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common type of health care-associated infection in surgical patients. We wanted to identify which intraoperative prep solution used in our health network for adult open abdominal surgical procedures resulted in the lowest incidence of SSI 30 days after surgery. In addition, we wanted ...
Olorunnisola Olubukola Sinbad - - 2013
Recent approach in treatment and drug development suggested that the control of oxidative stress in malarial infected patients may be an added advantage. In this study, effect of methanolic leaf extract of Sphenocentrum jollyanum pier (S. jollyanum) on liver damage, markers of oxidative stress and alteration in lipid profile in ...
Boschewitz Jack M - - 2013
To retrospectively evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the EXOSEAL vascular closure device (VCD) for first or repeated closure after retrograde percutaneous femoral arterial access. A retrospective analysis of 417 patients (271 men; mean age, 64.1 y±12.8; age range, 22-94 y) who had undergone arterial closure with the EXOSEAL VCD ...
Gandour Jackson T - - 2013
The contemporary view is that a disruption in phonological encoding underlies the speech production deficit in conduction aphasia. We therefore expect to observe a commonality in phonological errors regardless of task - speaking, reading, or writing. A case report is presented of an oral reading task performed by a Thai ...
Qian Yumei - - 2013
This study investigated upper airway aerodynamic characteristics of patients who underwent maxillectomy using three-dimensional reconstruction and computational fluid dynamics. The results revealed the generation of low-velocity vortices throughout the entire maxillary defect during respiration. The nasal structure on the nonsurgical side changed postsurgically, possibly due to the pressure gradient between ...
Kao Yu-Man - - 2013
To identify associations among body mass index (BMI), diabetes, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in older adults in Taiwan. This study enrolled 3334 participants aged 65 years and above who underwent an annual health screening at a medical center from January 2006 to December 2010. CKD was defined as an ...
Costopoulos Charis - - 2013
The introduction of drug-eluting stents has revolutionized the treatment of coronary artery disease. First-generation stents, however, were associated with relatively high revascularization rates and the risk of stent thrombosis. This has led to a worldwide search for improvements in stent technology that will reduce adverse cardiac events following stent implantation ...
Xu Yuanlong - - 2013
As a representative proton pump inhibitor, Lansoprazole was poorly soluble in water which caused the low oral bioavailability. The present study was carried out to enhance the dissolution of lansoprazole by cogrinding with some commonly used hydrophilic polymers (β-CD, PVP, HPMC, L-HPC, CS, PEG and PVPP) in the weight ratio ...
Nelson Lucy - - 2013
Evidence supporting a link between vascular disorders such as hypertension and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is increasing. Population studies have suggested an association between hypertension and an increased risk of developing AD. A potential role for antihypertensive medications in the management of cognitive disorders has also been suggested, although findings are ...
Smouse H Bob - - 2013
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Crux vena cava filter in patients at risk for pulmonary embolism (PE). The Crux Biomedical Evaluation of the Crux Inferior Vena Cava Filter System trial was an international prospective, multicenter, single-arm clinical trial in 125 patients implanted with the Crux filter between ...
Leekha Surbhi - - 2013
The role of Clostridium difficile (CD) carriers in health care-associated CD transmission has been identified as an area needing research. We investigated the prevalence of, and risk factors for, asymptomatic CD colonization at hospital admission. Adults admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Minnesota on predetermined study days between March ...
Hachamovitch R - - 2013
The question of how to optimally manage coronary artery disease (CAD) has been a challenge for the cardiology community. The results of early, large randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing strategies of medical therapy alone versus revascularization plus medical therapy in patients with stable CAD suggested a survival advantage for a ...
Bravo C - - 2013
Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS) is a rare genetic disorder associated with neurodevelopmental delay and heart defects. We report the first case of prenatal diagnosis of PTLS in a fetus with hypoplastic left heart and aberrant right subclavian artery. Detection of a fetal heart defect should be followed by chromosomal and genetic ...
Barley Jessica - - 2013
Essential or unexplained hypertension exists in a significant segment of the US population. Among those with essential or unexplained hypertension is a subset of patients who are diagnosed with 'refractory hypertension' (RHTN) or uncontrolled hypertension despite sustained therapy with at least three antihypertensive agents. Neurogenic etiologies are prevalent among patients ...
Tamboli Viral - - 2013
The purpose of this investigation was to design novel pentablock copolymers (polylatide-polycaprolactone-polyethylene glycol- polycaprolactone-polylatide) (PLA-PCL-PEG-PCL-PLA) to prepare nanoparticle formulations which provide continuous delivery of steroids over a longer duration with minimal burst effect. Another purpose was to evaluate the effect of poly (L-lactide) (PLLA) or poly (D, L-lactide) (PDLLA) incorporation ...
Chow E K H - - 2013
Over 10% of deceased donors in 2011 met PHS/CDC criteria for infectious risk donor (IRD), and discard rates are significantly higher for kidneys from these donors. We hypothesized that patient phenotypes exist for whom the survival benefit outweighs the infectious risk associated with IRDs. A patient-oriented Markov decision process model ...
Namouz Shirin - - 2013
This article reviews the use and effectiveness of emergency cerclage for women who present with a dilated cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy and seeks to identify predictors of favorable emergency cerclage outcomes. We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Library for the period January 1995 to April 2012 and ...
Didomenico Lawrence A - - 2013
When total ankle arthroplasty fails, few good options are available for salvage. We report a case of total ankle arthroplasty displacement after trauma. The injury was initially repaired with an anterior ankle arthrodesis plate for ankle fusion. On the follow-up radiographs taken during the fourth postoperative week, internal fixation failure ...
Jan Syed Umer - - 2013
Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) has been evaluated and used with technetium 99m ((99m)Tc) in imaging of kidneys. DMSA lyophilized kits were prepared and radiolabelled with (99m)Tc. Paper and thin-layer chromatography have been employed using various eluent systems for the radiochemical analysis, percentage labeling and binding capacity of (99m)Tc-DMSA. Female albino rabbits ...
Khuda Fazli - - 2013
In vivo and in vitro screening of anti inflammatory activity of Valeriana wallichii and Achyranthes aspera leaves crude extract was performed, using standardized procedures. Methanolic crude extract topical formulation (cream) of Valeriana wallichii and Achyranthes aspera leaves (Family Valerianaceae and Amaranthaceae respectively), were screened for their anti-inflammatory activity, through "Carrageenan ...
Dimmick Simon - - 2013
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) of the hip is a well-recognized entity that can cause hip pain and limit range of motion. Although there are 2 types of FAI (cam and pincer), these 2 entities most commonly coexist. Plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging are commonly used to assess FAI, and play ...
Anderson Cheryl - - 2013
: To explore and compare associations among demographics, childbirth-related stressors, depressive symptoms, gestational age, and psychological birth trauma (PBT) among adolescents. : This cross-sectional, descriptive, comparative study compared two groups of adolescents for PBT. From a larger study dataset, we identified all adolescents delivering prior to 38 weeks (n = ...
Ecemis Gulcin Cengiz - - 2013
Although there is not enough strong molecular evidence for radiation to be a causal factor for the development of secondary brain tumors, a relationship has still been found. There is a slight but significant 2-2.7% increased risk of secondary brain tumors after conventional radiotherapy. However, this risk is small and ...
Mainardi Luca - - 2013
Assessing repolarization heterogeneity (RH) from surface ECG recording is an open issue in modern electrocardiography, despite the fact that several indexes measured on the T-wave have been proposed and tested. To understand how RH occurring at myocite level is reflected on T-wave shapes, in this paper we propose a mathematical ...
Siddiqui Sabahat Zahra - - 2013
A series of new N-substituted derivatives of 5-benzyl-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole-2yl-2ꞌꞌ-sulfanyl acetamide (6a-n) were synthesized in three phases. The first phase involved the sequentially converting phenyl acetic acid into ester, hydrazide and finally cyclized in the presence of CS2 to afford 5-benzyl-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole-2-thiol. In the second phase N-substituted-2-bromoacetamides were prepared ...
Ali Nouruddin Wageih - - 2013
Validated spectrophotometric and chemometric methods were developed for determination of Naphazoline Hydrochloride (NAP), Chlorpheniramine maleate (CLO) and Methylene blue (MB) in their ternary mixture. Method A was a spectrophotometric method, where NAP and MB were determined using second derivative (D2) spectrophoto metric method using the peak amplitudes at 299 nm ...
Kim Young-Joo - - 2013
To evaluate clinical outcomes of failed pelvic arterial embolization (PAE) and determine predictive factors associated with this failure in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). This retrospective study included all consecutive patients who underwent PAE for life-threatening PPH between March 2004 and January 2011 at a tertiary-care center. Medical records ...
Wells Marie S W - - 2013
Immediate-use steam sterilization (IUSS) was routinely used to prepare radioactive seeds for use in elective urology cases at an urban academic medical center. In an attempt to eliminate this practice, the senior clinical nurse queried educators from nearby facilities about their practices for processing these implants and met with all ...
Kynast Katharina L - - 2013
miRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that are important players in development, as well as in a number of physiological and pathophysiological processes. Due to their regulatory role in protein expression, it has been assumed that they are associated with peripheral and central sensitization mechanisms in the nervous system after nociceptive ...
Sherkheli Muhammad Azhar - - 2013
TRPV3 ion channels mediate thermo-transduction, nociception, inflammation and dermatitis in mammals. TRPV1-4 proteins have been shown to have conserved cysteine-residues in the pore-forming regions. These residues participate in channel activation via S-nitrosylation of channel proteins. Camphor is a commonly used ligand for TRPV3 channels. Thus the knowledge about the potential ...
Li Xin - - 2013
To access efficacy of percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) of liver metastases from nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). From March 2007 to June 2012, 18 consecutive patients with NPC and liver metastases (15 men and three women; average age, 45.7 y; age range, 31-61 y) received computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous MWA treatment. A ...
Panjwani Bella - - 2013
Palatal rugae have been suggested as a stable landmark and potential biometric guide for positioning anterior maxillary teeth. This study aimed to evaluate the use of palatal rugae as a biomarker by establishing mathematical correlations with anterior maxillary dental arch geometry and tooth positions. One hundred dental casts were obtained ...
Newey Christopher R - - 2013
Subtraction ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) co-registered to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (SISCOM) is a useful modality to identify epileptogenic focus. Using this technique, several studies have generally considered the area of highest ictal hyperperfusion, as outlined by thresholding the difference images with a standard z score of ...
Rasool Rafia - - 2013
Wild and tissue culture raised regenerants of Artemisia amygdalina, a critically endangered and endemic plant of Kashmir and North West Frontier Provinces of Pakistan were screened for the amount of bioactive principles and in particular antimalarial compound artemesinin. Phytochemical screening of extracts revealed the presence of terpenes, alkaloids, phenolics, tannins ...
O'Hanlan Katherine A - - 2013
The vulva and vaginal interior are considered a contaminated surgical area, and current OR guidelines require surgeons who are gloved and gowned at the abdominal field to avoid contact with the urethral catheter, the uterine manipulator, and the introitus or to change their gloves and even regown if contact occurs. ...
Manchikanti Laxmaiah - - 2013
The increasing prevalence of chronic pain with its major societal impact and the escalating use of opioids in managing it, along with their misuse, abuse, associated fatalities and costs, are epidemics in modern medicine. Over the past two decades, multiple lessons have been learned addressing various issues of abuse. Multiple ...
Baseer Abdul - - 2013
Famotidine is generally employed for the treatment of gastric ulcer. The present study was conducted to fabricate famotidine tablets using various diluents. The binder was incorporated to the formulations in different proportions. Both the dry granulation and direct compression techniques were employed to develop the tablets. Physical evaluation of tablets ...
Cornelis Francois - - 2013
Technical feasibility of a computed tomography (CT)-guided transgluteal approach for salvage cryoablation of inoperable locally recurrent prostate cancer was evaluated retrospectively. Five procedures were performed under general anesthesia in five patients previously treated with radiation therapy. Median age was 64 years, and average pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level was 2.77 ...
Ma Peijun - - 2013
Circadian clocks are found in a wide variety of organisms from cyanobacteria to mammals. Many believe that the circadian clock system evolved as an adaption to the daily cycles in light and temperature driven by the rotation of the earth. Studies on the cyanobacterium, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, have confirmed ...
Tarakji Khaldoun G - - 2013
The indications for cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) have increased significantly over the last two decades. This has led to a surge in device implants in an expanding cohort of recipients who are in general older and who have more comorbidities. Implantation of CIED is carried out under sterile techniques ...
Medina Miguel - - 2013
Originally discovered because of its role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, GSK-3 is now widely recognized as a crucial player in many cellular functions. Control of GSK-3 activity occurs by complex mechanisms that are each dependent upon specific signaling pathways. Furthermore, GSK-3 dysfunction has been linked to a number ...
Kanwal Hafsah - - 2013
Neuroblastoma is a cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, accounting for upto 15% of childhood cancer mortality. It can occur in many areas but most of them begin in the abdomen in the adrenal gland and can spread to the bones and other areas. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroblastoma-cite_note-pmid19383347-3. Unfortunately, like other cancers, its ...
Yeung Susanna S S - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of a 12-week language-enriched phonological awareness instruction on 76 Hong Kong young children who were learning English as a second language. The children were assigned randomly to receive the instruction on phonological awareness skills embedded in vocabulary learning activities or comparison instruction which consisted of ...
Yamazaki Seiya - - 2013
Purpose: To compare the complication rate of natural teeth adjacent to implant supported dentures (IFDs) with that of teeth serving as abutments for fixed partial dentures (FPDs). The second goal was to assess the risk factors for complications in teeth adjacent to bounded edentulous spaces. Materials and Methods: The study ...
Lee Anthony M D - - 2013
ABSTRACT. For the first time, the use of fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography (CDOCT) to map in vivo the three-dimensional (3-D) vascular network of airway segments in human lungs is demonstrated. Visualizing the 3-D vascular network in the lungs may provide new opportunities for detecting and monitoring lung diseases ...
Thurston Rebecca C - - 2013
The public health burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is high both in terms of economic and social costs. Key modifiable factors identified for CVD prevention include health behaviors and health risk factors (e.g., cholesterol, blood pressure). However, a substantial body of research has also identified stress, anxiety, and depression as ...
Lancaster Sarah - - 2013
Combined talus and calcaneum fractures are rare in themselves. We report the case of an unusual fracture pattern of the talus and calcaneum in an otherwise, healthy 17-year-old male. Plain radiographic images of the foot revealed a fracture through the neck of the talus. Additional computed tomography imaging showed the ...
Abdualkader Abdualrahman Mohammed - - 2013
The medicinal Malaysian leeches have been used in traditional medicine to treat many different ailments. In this study, leech saliva extract (LSE) was collected from the medicinal Malaysian leech Hirudinaria manillensis. Gel electrophoresis of LSE was carried out to estimate the peptide and protein molecular weights of its content. Results ...
Ayesha - - - 2013
Gemmomodification is a form of herbal medicine in which young freshly growing buds of plants are used. At germinating stage, plants metabolic activities are maximum and various nutrients, hormones enzymes and bioactive phytoconstituents are released and available at this stage. Plants may be promising source of natural antioxidants at growing ...
Garchar Dave - - 2013
Lisfranc joint dislocation secondary to Charcot arthropathy is a debilitating condition that often leads to ulceration and infection. After conservative treatment, such as bracing and appropriate shoe wear fail, the only option might be amputation. However, we have seen good clinical outcomes from applying a plate to the plantar (tension) ...
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