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Radanovic Marcia - - 2013
In this article, the authors aim to present a critical review of recent MRI studies addressing white matter (WM) abnormalities in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), by searching PubMed and reviewing MRI studies evaluating subjects with AD or MCI using WM volumetric methods, diffusion tensor imaging and ...
Ullah Ikram - - 2013
The Rho GTPases are the sub-group of Ras super family and identified in all eukaryotes. The Rho GTPases effect different cellular signaling pathways involved in a number of diseases such as cancer, neurological and cardiovascular disorders. Members of Rho GTPases including RhoA, RhoC and Rac1 play a major role in ...
Damascelli Bruno - - 2013
To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of catheter-based radiofrequency renal sympathetic denervation for treatment of resistant hypertension. Twenty-four patients with essential hypertension unresponsive to at least three antihypertensive agents underwent renal denervation (RDN). Three patients had variant renal anatomy. Comorbidities included diabetes (n = 11), renal failure (n = ...
Esmaeili Akbar - - 2013
Helichrysum has long been used medicinally, proving to be beneficial in treatment of acne, asthma, bronchitis and circulatory problems, and lymphatic system diseases. The objective of this research was to study the antioxidant and antibacterial activities and chemical composition of the compounds derived from the stems and roots of cultivated ...
Hsu Daniel P - - 2013
Controversy exists regarding the best method to interpret pediatric spirometry. There is also controversy regarding the benefit of performing post-bronchodilator spirometry after normal baseline spirometry. This study compares the use of lower limit of normal (LLN) against percent of predicted (PP) in the interpretation of spirometry. We also investigate the ...
Edwin Ubulom Peace Mayen - - 2013
Senna alata is locally used in South Eastern Nigeria in the treatment of several infections which include ringworm and other parasitic skin diseases.The larvicidal activities of aqueous and ethanolic leaf and stem extracts of S. alata were evaluated in static bioassays, on fourth instar larvae of Anopheles gambiae, Culex quinquefasciatus ...
Klink Andrea - - 2013
A total of 163 monolithic restorations made from Vitablocs Mark II and luted adhesively or with resin cement were followed up for 3 to 70 months. Recall consisted of an evaluation of complete dental and hygiene status as well as quality assessment. Seven of 35 patients were lost to follow-up. ...
Yang David C - - 2013
The benefits of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can be offset by periprocedural complications such as acute vessel closure and stent thrombosis in the absence of adequate antiplatelet and antithrombotic therapy. Additionally, conditions occurring after 30 days post-PCI, such as in-stent restenosis or late stent thrombosis can occur. Excess antithrombotic therapy, ...
Khan Rahmat Ali - - 2013
Sonchus asper is used traditionally in the treatment of kidney inflammation, hormonal imbalance and impotency. Sonchus asper methanolic extract (SAME) was investigated for its possible preventive effect against potassium bromate (KBrO3) induced oxidative damages in male rats using biochemical, molecular and histopathological markers in this study. 5 groups, each group ...
Aldrich Noel D - - 2013
Evaluate reported use of the practice of "eating more protein" to prevent weight gain among midlife women. Cross-sectional national survey. One thousand eight hundred twenty-four midlife women (40-60 y) from the 9 United States geographic regions, primarily married (71%), white (76%), and well educated; half were premenopausal (49%). Frequency of ...
Svendsen Jesper Hastrup - - 2013
The aims of this survey was to provide insight into treatment activity, the strategy of treatment, and risk stratification of patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic ventricular pre-excitation across Europe. Fifty-eight centres, members of the European Heart Rhythm Association EP research network, covering 20 countries answered the survey questions. All centres ...
Cottom James M - - 2013
Lapidus arthrodesis (first metatarsal cuneiform arthrodesis) has become an accepted procedure for hallux abducto valgus. Several variations of fixation have been described. Earlier weightbearing postoperatively has been one reported benefit of using locking plates for fixation. Additionally, studies have demonstrated that fixation placed on the plantar or tension side of ...
Jahan Sarwat - - 2013
Synthesis of novel phenacyl derivatives of alkyl piperidine as cytotoxic agents via simple and single step reaction procedure is going to be reported here. Twelve new compounds were successfully synthesized in moderate yield and in solid form. Their synthesis was confirmed by TLC, melting point, CHN analysis and through different ...
Hidalgo-Lopezosa Pedro - - 2013
PURPOSE:: The purpose of this study was to determine whether birth plans are associated with improved obstetric and neonatal outcomes. STUDY AND DESIGN:: This retrospective case-control study (N = 182) was conducted at a hospital in Córdoba, Spain, between August 2008 and September 2011. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared ...
Harel Noga - - 2013
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of immediate loading (IL) and delayed loading (DL) on peri-implant crestal bone loss around maxillary implants after long-term functioning. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted to assess the outcomes of 110 tapered, multithreaded implants placed for ...
Hagman Juha - - 2013
Introduction:  Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy associated with neural rim loss of the optic disc and the retinal nerve fibre layer typically causing visual field (VF) deterioration. Generally, glaucomatous lesions in the eye and in the visual field progress slowly over the years. In population-based cross-sectional studies, the percentage ...
Graling Paula R - - 2013
We conducted a prospective cohort study on the effectiveness of preoperative bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) cloths for reducing surgical site infections. We hypothesized that use of CHG cloths as an adjunct to surgical prep would significantly reduce the endogenous flora of surgical patients and therefore reduce surgical site infections. ...
Yilmaz Burak - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare strains generated by splinted and nonsplinted cement-retained implant crowns for two implants. A stereolithic resin cast was printed using computed tomography scan data from a patient. Two 4 × 6-mm implants were placed in the posterior left side of the cast. Splinted ...
Seymour Karen E - - 2013
Bipolar disorder (BD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often comorbid or confounded; therefore, we evaluated emotional face identification to better understand brain/behavior interactions in children and adolescents with either primary BD, primary ADHD, or typically developing controls (TDC). Participants included individuals 7 to 17 years of age (overall sample mean ...
Saaiq Muhammad - - 2013
A 26 years old manual labourer from Azad Jammu Kashmir presented with four days history of an extensive exfoliation of skin involving the entire body. Histology of the lesion showed epidermal necrolysis. The patient was a recently diagnosed case of epilepsy and had been started on therapy with sodium valproate ...
Wick Jane M - - 2013
Meningococcal disease affects as many as 3,000 people in the United States per year, with the highest incidence in children younger than two years of age and two-thirds of cases occurring in children younger than five years of age. Children who survive meningococcemia face quality-of-life issues that result from limb ...
Mizumori Takahiro - - 2013
Purpose: To investigate the hypothesis that sleep bruxism (SB) events could be predicted by an increase in heart rate. Materials and Methods: Fourteen sleep bruxers were recruited. Each participant recorded his or her own electromyography (EMG) and electrocardiography (ECG) at home for 2 consecutive nights using a portable telemetry system. ...
Said Sameh M - - 2013
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a clinical entity in which there is unexplained hypertrophy of the left ventricle in the absence of another cardiac or systemic etiology. Variants of HCM may include basal, midventricular, apical or diffuse types. In this review, the authors summarize the current surgical treatment and outcomes of ...
Cha S - - 2013
We report a very rare case of isolated multiple pulmonary arterial calcification with severe bilateral peripheral pulmonary arterial stenosis diagnosed in utero. Despite treatment with bisphosphonate for 6 months, systolic right ventricular pressure increased persistently and surpassed left ventricular pressure. After successful bilateral pulmonary arterioplasty at 13 months of age, ...
Kahwash Rami - - 2013
Cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) is a novel device-based therapy for heart failure that involves applying electrical signals during the absolute refractory period of the myocardial action potential. This therapy has been shown to augment the strength of left ventricular contraction independent of myocardial oxygen consumption in animal models as well ...
- - 2013
The American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) gathers extensive background information on emergency medicine residency programs and the residents in those programs. We present the 2013 annual report on the status of US emergency medicine training programs.
Graybill-D'Ercole Patricia - - 2013
Any hospital or facility in which surgery and other invasive procedures are performed should have accommodations for cleaning, decontaminating, disinfecting, and sterilizing instruments, equipment, and other essential supplies that are used for patient procedures. Sterilization is essential to reducing or preventing the risk of surgical site infections. This is a ...
Ozyoney Gurol - - 2013
Purpose: This study evaluated the 4-year clinical performance of IPS Empress II ceramic onlay restorations on extensively restored, endodontically treated molars. Materials and Methods: A sample of 53 morphologically compromised and endodontically treated molar teeth were restored with IPS Empress II ceramic onlays cemented with a dual cured luting composite. ...
Fye Paula - - 2013
: The purpose of this process improvement project in a rural community hospital with a small volume perinatal service was to foster a cooperative working environment between the obstetric and medical-surgical nursing teams and promote quality nursing care by evaluating, revising, and clearly defining the obstetric float nurse role. : ...
Moschetta Sylvie - - 2013
Despite growing evidence on the occurrence of poor psychosocial adjustment, to the moment there is no formal assessment of social adjustment (SA) using a validated instrument developed and standardized for this purpose in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). We aimed to: (1) verify social adjustment in patients with JME ...
Hu Liandong - - 2013
Solid dispersion technique has been developed many years for improving solubility of water-insoluble drugs, aiming to achieve a better oral bioavailability. However, this technique exhibits many inconveniences when used for large-scale tableting procedures. The objective of current research work was to develop cilnidipine solid dispersions (SDs) to improve the dissolution ...
Zhu Jie - - 2013
The effect of pitavastatin and SLCO1B1 genetic background on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of repaglinide was investigated. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study, twelve healthy Chinese males were administered with pitavastatin 4 mg/d or the placebo for 5 d followed by repaglinide 4 mg given orally on d 5. ...
Shahid Syed Muhammad - - 2013
This study was designed to study the relationship between serum nitric oxide and sialic acid in patients of diabetic nephropathy. Total 210 diabetic patients including 115 males and 95 females, suffering from diabetes and nephropathy (DN) were selected followed by informed consent and approval from institutional ethical committee. Equal number ...
Gupta Pooja - - 2013
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has increasingly been used for the treatment of acute respiratory failure. Despite recommendations supporting its utilization in a limited group of patients, NIV is frequently relied on as a first line treatment. We conducted a retrospective study to assess whether the extended use of NIV is associated ...
Horn Biljana - - 2013
In this review we discuss recent outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), including survival, T- and B-cell reconstitution, and late effects, particularly those related to genotype, use of conditioning regimen, and use of alternative donors. We identify the following issues that require additional ...
Hannachi Hedia - - 2013
The wild olive trees or oleaster (var. sylvestris) and the cultivated olive trees (var. europaea) constitute the two botanical varieties of Olea europaea L. from Mediterranean. In this study, a partial chemical profile was conducted including the total lipids, the fatty acid profiles, soluble proteins, polyphenols, flavanoids contents and antioxidants ...
Hellgren O - - 2013
Knowing the natural dynamics of pathogens in migratory birds is important, for example, to understand the factors that influence the transport of pathogens to and their transmission in new geographical areas, whereas the transmission of other pathogens might be restricted to a specific area. We studied haemosporidian blood parasites of ...
Hafeez Ambreen - - 2013
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) belongs to a group of respiratory enzymes that occur widely in animals and plants participating in vital oxidation- reduction processes in the body. A computational study was conducted on riboflavin by ArgusLab 4.0.1 to obtain the most active conformation of riboflavin and to analyze its excited-state properties. ...
Fu Wanhai - - 2013
High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is considered a protective strategy for human lungs. This study was designed to define microscopic structural features of lung injury following HFOV with a high lung volume strategy in newborn piglets with acute lung injury. After acute lung injury with saline lavage, newborn piglets were ...
Reissmann Daniel R - - 2013
Purpose: To develop and validate an instrument for the assessment of patient-based measures of process-related quality of care in prosthodontic patients. Materials and Methods: In this nonrandomized study, the new Burdens in Prosthetic Dentistry Questionnaire (BiPD-Q) was developed in two steps using a total of 128 prosthodontic patients in a ...
Lomarat Pattamapan - - 2013
The outbreak of histamine fish poisoning has been being an issue in food safety and international trade. The growth of contaminated bacterial species including Morganella morganii which produce histidine decarboxylase causes histamine formation in fish during storage. Histamine, the main toxin, causes mild to severe allergic reaction. At present, there ...
Dhima Matilda - - 2013
Excessive soft tissue bulk, movement, chronic inflammation, and hypertrophy in periimplant areas pose challenges for long-term management of peri-implant soft tissues surrounding osteocutaneous flap reconstructions. A case history report is presented on the predictable establishment of stable peri-implant soft tissue and improved mentolabial sulcus depth in a patient treated for ...
Harskamp Ralf E - - 2013
Patients with diabetes mellitus are prone to a diffuse and rapidly progressive form of coronary artery disease. As a result, diabetic patients undergoing coronary revascularization are at higher risk of cardiovascular events compared with nondiabetic patients. Due to marked advances of stent device technology and adjunctive pharmacology, percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Lewalter Thorsten - - 2013
Oral anticoagulation (OAC) remains the mainstream therapy for ischaemic stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, for patients contraindicated to OAC and those who experienced a stroke while on therapeutic OAC, no reasonable pharmacotherapy is available. Although surgical left atrial appendage (LAA) excision offers a non-pharmacological alternative, effective ...
Osman Reham B - - 2013
Limited clinical research identifies prosthodontic perspectives of novel designs for zirconia implants supporting overdentures. Four pilot study participants were selected before a planned randomized clinical trial on zirconia implants supporting overdentures. Novel designs for maxillary four-implant overdentures (quadrilateral design) and mandibular three-implant overdentures (tripodal design) were used with 28 implants ...
Ford Jodi L - - 2013
To examine racial-ethnic differences in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody levels among U.S. children and adolescents. Elevated titers among seropositive youth can indicate viral reactivation-an indirect measure of impaired cell-mediated immunity. Data from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed using multivariable linear regression accounting for the complex ...
Nammas Wail - - 2013
Coronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a light-based imaging modality that emits light in the near-infrared range. Compared with intravascular ultrasound, OCT has an extraordinarily high resolution (nearly tenfold higher), with an axial resolution in the range of 12-15 µm and a lateral resolution of 20-40 µm. The main drawback of OCT ...
Creticos Peter S - - 2013
In North America and Europe, millions of patients experience symptoms of allergic rhinitis with or without conjunctivitis (AR/C) on exposure to ragweed pollen. The disease burden can be significant, with most patients relying on symptomatic medications without disease-modifying potential. However, novel sublingual immunomodulatory treatment options may potentially play an important ...
Zinn Jennifer - - 2013
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common type of health care-associated infection in surgical patients. We wanted to identify which intraoperative prep solution used in our health network for adult open abdominal surgical procedures resulted in the lowest incidence of SSI 30 days after surgery. In addition, we wanted ...
Olorunnisola Olubukola Sinbad - - 2013
Recent approach in treatment and drug development suggested that the control of oxidative stress in malarial infected patients may be an added advantage. In this study, effect of methanolic leaf extract of Sphenocentrum jollyanum pier (S. jollyanum) on liver damage, markers of oxidative stress and alteration in lipid profile in ...
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