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Boogaard Sabine - - 2013
Neuropathic pain (NP) is a pain arising as a direct consequence of a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system. A variety of factors associated with the development of persistent NP have been suggested. The goal of the present article is to provide an overview of current knowledge about prognostic ...
Guenette Jeffrey P - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical outcomes of ultrasound-guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) as salvage therapy for locoregional recurrence after resection of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma. There were 42 locoregional, biopsy-proven, papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma lesions (0.5-3.7 cm) treated, 21 with RF ablation and 21 with PEI. ...
Yaish H M - - 2013
The diagnosis of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) in a newborn infant is generally made on the basis of a positive family history, spherocytes on blood film and Coombs-negative hemolytic jaundice of variable severity with an elevated mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and a low mean corpuscular volume (MCV). In general, sodium ...
Vázquez-González Denisse - - 2013
Opportunistic yeast infections are diseases caused by fungi which normally are saprophytic and do not cause disease in humans or animals. The prevalence of these diseases has been increasing due to immunosuppressive, corticosteroid, and long-term antibiotic treatment following organ transplantation or after serious metabolic, hematological, or immunological diseases. We review ...
Perveen Rehana - - 2013
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of Cedrus deodara root oil on the histopathology of different gastrointestinal organs of Wistar rats. This oil was used traditionally as an anti-ulcer agent in the Indus Unic System and extracted from the plant root by destructive distillation method. A total ...
Sullivan Debra K - - 2013
Compare weight loss and maintenance between a face-to-face (FTF) weight management clinic and a clinic delivered via virtual reality (VR). Participants were randomized to 3 months of weight loss with a weekly clinic delivered via FTF or VR and then 6 months' weight maintenance delivered with VR. Data were collected ...
Wick Jane M - - 2013
Meningococcal disease affects as many as 3,000 people in the United States per year, with the highest incidence in children younger than two years of age and two-thirds of cases occurring in children younger than five years of age. Children who survive meningococcemia face quality-of-life issues that result from limb ...
Mizumori Takahiro - - 2013
Purpose: To investigate the hypothesis that sleep bruxism (SB) events could be predicted by an increase in heart rate. Materials and Methods: Fourteen sleep bruxers were recruited. Each participant recorded his or her own electromyography (EMG) and electrocardiography (ECG) at home for 2 consecutive nights using a portable telemetry system. ...
Radanovic Marcia - - 2013
In this article, the authors aim to present a critical review of recent MRI studies addressing white matter (WM) abnormalities in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), by searching PubMed and reviewing MRI studies evaluating subjects with AD or MCI using WM volumetric methods, diffusion tensor imaging and ...
Ullah Ikram - - 2013
The Rho GTPases are the sub-group of Ras super family and identified in all eukaryotes. The Rho GTPases effect different cellular signaling pathways involved in a number of diseases such as cancer, neurological and cardiovascular disorders. Members of Rho GTPases including RhoA, RhoC and Rac1 play a major role in ...
Damascelli Bruno - - 2013
To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of catheter-based radiofrequency renal sympathetic denervation for treatment of resistant hypertension. Twenty-four patients with essential hypertension unresponsive to at least three antihypertensive agents underwent renal denervation (RDN). Three patients had variant renal anatomy. Comorbidities included diabetes (n = 11), renal failure (n = ...
Leekha Surbhi - - 2013
The role of Clostridium difficile (CD) carriers in health care-associated CD transmission has been identified as an area needing research. We investigated the prevalence of, and risk factors for, asymptomatic CD colonization at hospital admission. Adults admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Minnesota on predetermined study days between March ...
Hachamovitch R - - 2013
The question of how to optimally manage coronary artery disease (CAD) has been a challenge for the cardiology community. The results of early, large randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing strategies of medical therapy alone versus revascularization plus medical therapy in patients with stable CAD suggested a survival advantage for a ...
Graybill-D'Ercole Patricia - - 2013
Any hospital or facility in which surgery and other invasive procedures are performed should have accommodations for cleaning, decontaminating, disinfecting, and sterilizing instruments, equipment, and other essential supplies that are used for patient procedures. Sterilization is essential to reducing or preventing the risk of surgical site infections. This is a ...
Ozyoney Gurol - - 2013
Purpose: This study evaluated the 4-year clinical performance of IPS Empress II ceramic onlay restorations on extensively restored, endodontically treated molars. Materials and Methods: A sample of 53 morphologically compromised and endodontically treated molar teeth were restored with IPS Empress II ceramic onlays cemented with a dual cured luting composite. ...
Fye Paula - - 2013
: The purpose of this process improvement project in a rural community hospital with a small volume perinatal service was to foster a cooperative working environment between the obstetric and medical-surgical nursing teams and promote quality nursing care by evaluating, revising, and clearly defining the obstetric float nurse role. : ...
Moschetta Sylvie - - 2013
Despite growing evidence on the occurrence of poor psychosocial adjustment, to the moment there is no formal assessment of social adjustment (SA) using a validated instrument developed and standardized for this purpose in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). We aimed to: (1) verify social adjustment in patients with JME ...
Hu Liandong - - 2013
Solid dispersion technique has been developed many years for improving solubility of water-insoluble drugs, aiming to achieve a better oral bioavailability. However, this technique exhibits many inconveniences when used for large-scale tableting procedures. The objective of current research work was to develop cilnidipine solid dispersions (SDs) to improve the dissolution ...
Zhu Jie - - 2013
The effect of pitavastatin and SLCO1B1 genetic background on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of repaglinide was investigated. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study, twelve healthy Chinese males were administered with pitavastatin 4 mg/d or the placebo for 5 d followed by repaglinide 4 mg given orally on d 5. ...
Mattsson Niklas N Clinical Neurochemistry Laboratory, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Mölndal, Sweden. - - 2013
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers amyloid beta 1-42, total tau, and phosphorylated tau are used increasingly for Alzheimer's disease (AD) research and patient management. However, there are large variations in biomarker measurements among and within laboratories. Data from the first nine rounds of the Alzheimer's Association quality control program was ...
Reissmann Daniel R - - 2013
Purpose: To develop and validate an instrument for the assessment of patient-based measures of process-related quality of care in prosthodontic patients. Materials and Methods: In this nonrandomized study, the new Burdens in Prosthetic Dentistry Questionnaire (BiPD-Q) was developed in two steps using a total of 128 prosthodontic patients in a ...
Lomarat Pattamapan - - 2013
The outbreak of histamine fish poisoning has been being an issue in food safety and international trade. The growth of contaminated bacterial species including Morganella morganii which produce histidine decarboxylase causes histamine formation in fish during storage. Histamine, the main toxin, causes mild to severe allergic reaction. At present, there ...
Salmoirago-Blotcher Elena E Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. - - 2013
Spirituality has been associated with better cardiac autonomic balance, but its association with cardiovascular risk is not well studied. We examined whether more frequent private spiritual activity was associated with reduced cardiovascular risk in postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Frequency of private spiritual activity (prayer, ...
Khalid Hira - - 2013
In the present work, a series of 2-O-substituted derivatives of 1-[(3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxy phenyl) sulfonyl]piperidine (5a-j) were synthesized. These derivatives were geared up by the coupling of 3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxy benzenesulfonyl chloride (1) with piperidine (2) under dynamic pH control in aqueous media to form parent compound 1-[(3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)sulfonyl]piperidine (3), followed by the substitution at ...
Klink Andrea - - 2013
A total of 163 monolithic restorations made from Vitablocs Mark II and luted adhesively or with resin cement were followed up for 3 to 70 months. Recall consisted of an evaluation of complete dental and hygiene status as well as quality assessment. Seven of 35 patients were lost to follow-up. ...
Morassaei Sara S Institute for Work & Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
This study sought to examine provincial variation in work injuries and to assess whether contextual factors are associated with geographic variation in work injuries. Individual-level data from the 2003 and 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey was obtained for a representative sample of 89,541 Canadians aged 15 to 75 years old ...
Yang David C - - 2013
The benefits of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can be offset by periprocedural complications such as acute vessel closure and stent thrombosis in the absence of adequate antiplatelet and antithrombotic therapy. Additionally, conditions occurring after 30 days post-PCI, such as in-stent restenosis or late stent thrombosis can occur. Excess antithrombotic therapy, ...
Zhong Li L Gene Therapy Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, - - 2013
Recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAVs) have been tested in humans and other large mammals without adverse events. However, one study of mucopolysaccharidosis VII correction in mice showed repeated integration of rAAV in cells from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the Dlk1-Dio3 locus, suggesting possible insertional mutagenesis. In contrast, another study found no ...
Hellgren O - - 2013
Knowing the natural dynamics of pathogens in migratory birds is important, for example, to understand the factors that influence the transport of pathogens to and their transmission in new geographical areas, whereas the transmission of other pathogens might be restricted to a specific area. We studied haemosporidian blood parasites of ...
Hafeez Ambreen - - 2013
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) belongs to a group of respiratory enzymes that occur widely in animals and plants participating in vital oxidation- reduction processes in the body. A computational study was conducted on riboflavin by ArgusLab 4.0.1 to obtain the most active conformation of riboflavin and to analyze its excited-state properties. ...
Tanaka Yasue - - 2013
Purpose: To develop a method for capturing the three-dimensional (3D) shapes of dental arches in a position relative to that of maximum intercuspation and to evaluate its dimensional and occlusal accuracy. Materials and Methods: The conventional custom-tray impression technique was used to capture detailed and dimensionally accurate impressions of individual ...
Saldana Tina Marie - - 2013
To examine the importance of self-reported family history of uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) as a marker of risk. Women, aged 35 to 49, were randomly selected from the membership of a large, urban health plan. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire about family history of fibroids. Ultrasound screening for fibroids followed, regardless ...
Akhtar Nila J - - 2013
Endovascular repair of the aorta has traditionally been limited to the abdominal aorta and, more recently, the descending thoracic aorta. However, recently hybrid repairs (a combination of open surgical and endovascular repair) have made endovascular repair of the aortic arch possible. Hybrid repair of the aortic arch typically involves an ...
Neylon Antoinette - - 2013
Worldwide, there is variation in the incidence CVD with the greater burden being borne by low and middle-income countries. Traditional risk factors do not fully explain the CVD risk in populations, and there is increasing awareness of the impact the social environment and psychological factors have on CVD incidence and ...
Lewalter Thorsten - - 2013
Oral anticoagulation (OAC) remains the mainstream therapy for ischaemic stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, for patients contraindicated to OAC and those who experienced a stroke while on therapeutic OAC, no reasonable pharmacotherapy is available. Although surgical left atrial appendage (LAA) excision offers a non-pharmacological alternative, effective ...
Osman Reham B - - 2013
Limited clinical research identifies prosthodontic perspectives of novel designs for zirconia implants supporting overdentures. Four pilot study participants were selected before a planned randomized clinical trial on zirconia implants supporting overdentures. Novel designs for maxillary four-implant overdentures (quadrilateral design) and mandibular three-implant overdentures (tripodal design) were used with 28 implants ...
Ford Jodi L - - 2013
To examine racial-ethnic differences in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody levels among U.S. children and adolescents. Elevated titers among seropositive youth can indicate viral reactivation-an indirect measure of impaired cell-mediated immunity. Data from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed using multivariable linear regression accounting for the complex ...
Nammas Wail - - 2013
Coronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a light-based imaging modality that emits light in the near-infrared range. Compared with intravascular ultrasound, OCT has an extraordinarily high resolution (nearly tenfold higher), with an axial resolution in the range of 12-15 µm and a lateral resolution of 20-40 µm. The main drawback of OCT ...
Creticos Peter S - - 2013
In North America and Europe, millions of patients experience symptoms of allergic rhinitis with or without conjunctivitis (AR/C) on exposure to ragweed pollen. The disease burden can be significant, with most patients relying on symptomatic medications without disease-modifying potential. However, novel sublingual immunomodulatory treatment options may potentially play an important ...
Harel Noga - - 2013
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of immediate loading (IL) and delayed loading (DL) on peri-implant crestal bone loss around maxillary implants after long-term functioning. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted to assess the outcomes of 110 tapered, multithreaded implants placed for ...
Hagman Juha - - 2013
Introduction:  Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy associated with neural rim loss of the optic disc and the retinal nerve fibre layer typically causing visual field (VF) deterioration. Generally, glaucomatous lesions in the eye and in the visual field progress slowly over the years. In population-based cross-sectional studies, the percentage ...
- - 2013
The American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) gathers extensive background information on emergency medicine residency programs and the residents in those programs. We present the 2013 annual report on the status of US emergency medicine training programs.
Myers Timothy R - - 2013
Asthma has long been recognized as a common respiratory disease, and the recognition of sleep-disordered breathing is becoming more prevalent. Patients with these disorders are commonly seen by clinicians caring for patients with respiratory disease. There is also much academic interest in asthma and sleep-disordered breathing. The purpose of this ...
Esmaeili Akbar - - 2013
Helichrysum has long been used medicinally, proving to be beneficial in treatment of acne, asthma, bronchitis and circulatory problems, and lymphatic system diseases. The objective of this research was to study the antioxidant and antibacterial activities and chemical composition of the compounds derived from the stems and roots of cultivated ...
Hsu Daniel P - - 2013
Controversy exists regarding the best method to interpret pediatric spirometry. There is also controversy regarding the benefit of performing post-bronchodilator spirometry after normal baseline spirometry. This study compares the use of lower limit of normal (LLN) against percent of predicted (PP) in the interpretation of spirometry. We also investigate the ...
Qian Yumei - - 2013
This study investigated upper airway aerodynamic characteristics of patients who underwent maxillectomy using three-dimensional reconstruction and computational fluid dynamics. The results revealed the generation of low-velocity vortices throughout the entire maxillary defect during respiration. The nasal structure on the nonsurgical side changed postsurgically, possibly due to the pressure gradient between ...
Kao Yu-Man - - 2013
To identify associations among body mass index (BMI), diabetes, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in older adults in Taiwan. This study enrolled 3334 participants aged 65 years and above who underwent an annual health screening at a medical center from January 2006 to December 2010. CKD was defined as an ...
Costopoulos Charis - - 2013
The introduction of drug-eluting stents has revolutionized the treatment of coronary artery disease. First-generation stents, however, were associated with relatively high revascularization rates and the risk of stent thrombosis. This has led to a worldwide search for improvements in stent technology that will reduce adverse cardiac events following stent implantation ...
Xu Yuanlong - - 2013
As a representative proton pump inhibitor, Lansoprazole was poorly soluble in water which caused the low oral bioavailability. The present study was carried out to enhance the dissolution of lansoprazole by cogrinding with some commonly used hydrophilic polymers (β-CD, PVP, HPMC, L-HPC, CS, PEG and PVPP) in the weight ratio ...
Dhima Matilda - - 2013
Excessive soft tissue bulk, movement, chronic inflammation, and hypertrophy in periimplant areas pose challenges for long-term management of peri-implant soft tissues surrounding osteocutaneous flap reconstructions. A case history report is presented on the predictable establishment of stable peri-implant soft tissue and improved mentolabial sulcus depth in a patient treated for ...
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