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Fye Paula - - 2013
: The purpose of this process improvement project in a rural community hospital with a small volume perinatal service was to foster a cooperative working environment between the obstetric and medical-surgical nursing teams and promote quality nursing care by evaluating, revising, and clearly defining the obstetric float nurse role. : ...
Moschetta Sylvie - - 2013
Despite growing evidence on the occurrence of poor psychosocial adjustment, to the moment there is no formal assessment of social adjustment (SA) using a validated instrument developed and standardized for this purpose in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). We aimed to: (1) verify social adjustment in patients with JME ...
Hu Liandong - - 2013
Solid dispersion technique has been developed many years for improving solubility of water-insoluble drugs, aiming to achieve a better oral bioavailability. However, this technique exhibits many inconveniences when used for large-scale tableting procedures. The objective of current research work was to develop cilnidipine solid dispersions (SDs) to improve the dissolution ...
Zhu Jie - - 2013
The effect of pitavastatin and SLCO1B1 genetic background on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of repaglinide was investigated. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study, twelve healthy Chinese males were administered with pitavastatin 4 mg/d or the placebo for 5 d followed by repaglinide 4 mg given orally on d 5. ...
Shahid Syed Muhammad - - 2013
This study was designed to study the relationship between serum nitric oxide and sialic acid in patients of diabetic nephropathy. Total 210 diabetic patients including 115 males and 95 females, suffering from diabetes and nephropathy (DN) were selected followed by informed consent and approval from institutional ethical committee. Equal number ...
Gupta Pooja - - 2013
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has increasingly been used for the treatment of acute respiratory failure. Despite recommendations supporting its utilization in a limited group of patients, NIV is frequently relied on as a first line treatment. We conducted a retrospective study to assess whether the extended use of NIV is associated ...
Hirahara Kiyoshi - - 2013
CD4 helper T cells are critical for proper immune cell homeostasis and host defense but are also major contributors to immune and inflammatory disease. Arising from a simple biphasic model of differentiation (ie, TH1 and TH2 cells). A bewildering number of fates seem possible for helper T cells. To what extent ...
Horn Biljana - - 2013
In this review we discuss recent outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), including survival, T- and B-cell reconstitution, and late effects, particularly those related to genotype, use of conditioning regimen, and use of alternative donors. We identify the following issues that require additional ...
Hannachi Hedia - - 2013
The wild olive trees or oleaster (var. sylvestris) and the cultivated olive trees (var. europaea) constitute the two botanical varieties of Olea europaea L. from Mediterranean. In this study, a partial chemical profile was conducted including the total lipids, the fatty acid profiles, soluble proteins, polyphenols, flavanoids contents and antioxidants ...
Hellgren O - - 2013
Knowing the natural dynamics of pathogens in migratory birds is important, for example, to understand the factors that influence the transport of pathogens to and their transmission in new geographical areas, whereas the transmission of other pathogens might be restricted to a specific area. We studied haemosporidian blood parasites of ...
Hafeez Ambreen - - 2013
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) belongs to a group of respiratory enzymes that occur widely in animals and plants participating in vital oxidation- reduction processes in the body. A computational study was conducted on riboflavin by ArgusLab 4.0.1 to obtain the most active conformation of riboflavin and to analyze its excited-state properties. ...
Fu Wanhai - - 2013
High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is considered a protective strategy for human lungs. This study was designed to define microscopic structural features of lung injury following HFOV with a high lung volume strategy in newborn piglets with acute lung injury. After acute lung injury with saline lavage, newborn piglets were ...
Reissmann Daniel R - - 2013
Purpose: To develop and validate an instrument for the assessment of patient-based measures of process-related quality of care in prosthodontic patients. Materials and Methods: In this nonrandomized study, the new Burdens in Prosthetic Dentistry Questionnaire (BiPD-Q) was developed in two steps using a total of 128 prosthodontic patients in a ...
Lomarat Pattamapan - - 2013
The outbreak of histamine fish poisoning has been being an issue in food safety and international trade. The growth of contaminated bacterial species including Morganella morganii which produce histidine decarboxylase causes histamine formation in fish during storage. Histamine, the main toxin, causes mild to severe allergic reaction. At present, there ...
Dhima Matilda - - 2013
Excessive soft tissue bulk, movement, chronic inflammation, and hypertrophy in periimplant areas pose challenges for long-term management of peri-implant soft tissues surrounding osteocutaneous flap reconstructions. A case history report is presented on the predictable establishment of stable peri-implant soft tissue and improved mentolabial sulcus depth in a patient treated for ...
Harskamp Ralf E - - 2013
Patients with diabetes mellitus are prone to a diffuse and rapidly progressive form of coronary artery disease. As a result, diabetic patients undergoing coronary revascularization are at higher risk of cardiovascular events compared with nondiabetic patients. Due to marked advances of stent device technology and adjunctive pharmacology, percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Lewalter Thorsten - - 2013
Oral anticoagulation (OAC) remains the mainstream therapy for ischaemic stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, for patients contraindicated to OAC and those who experienced a stroke while on therapeutic OAC, no reasonable pharmacotherapy is available. Although surgical left atrial appendage (LAA) excision offers a non-pharmacological alternative, effective ...
Osman Reham B - - 2013
Limited clinical research identifies prosthodontic perspectives of novel designs for zirconia implants supporting overdentures. Four pilot study participants were selected before a planned randomized clinical trial on zirconia implants supporting overdentures. Novel designs for maxillary four-implant overdentures (quadrilateral design) and mandibular three-implant overdentures (tripodal design) were used with 28 implants ...
Ford Jodi L - - 2013
To examine racial-ethnic differences in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody levels among U.S. children and adolescents. Elevated titers among seropositive youth can indicate viral reactivation-an indirect measure of impaired cell-mediated immunity. Data from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed using multivariable linear regression accounting for the complex ...
Nammas Wail - - 2013
Coronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a light-based imaging modality that emits light in the near-infrared range. Compared with intravascular ultrasound, OCT has an extraordinarily high resolution (nearly tenfold higher), with an axial resolution in the range of 12-15 µm and a lateral resolution of 20-40 µm. The main drawback of OCT ...
Creticos Peter S - - 2013
In North America and Europe, millions of patients experience symptoms of allergic rhinitis with or without conjunctivitis (AR/C) on exposure to ragweed pollen. The disease burden can be significant, with most patients relying on symptomatic medications without disease-modifying potential. However, novel sublingual immunomodulatory treatment options may potentially play an important ...
Zinn Jennifer - - 2013
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common type of health care-associated infection in surgical patients. We wanted to identify which intraoperative prep solution used in our health network for adult open abdominal surgical procedures resulted in the lowest incidence of SSI 30 days after surgery. In addition, we wanted ...
Olorunnisola Olubukola Sinbad - - 2013
Recent approach in treatment and drug development suggested that the control of oxidative stress in malarial infected patients may be an added advantage. In this study, effect of methanolic leaf extract of Sphenocentrum jollyanum pier (S. jollyanum) on liver damage, markers of oxidative stress and alteration in lipid profile in ...
Boschewitz Jack M - - 2013
To retrospectively evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the EXOSEAL vascular closure device (VCD) for first or repeated closure after retrograde percutaneous femoral arterial access. A retrospective analysis of 417 patients (271 men; mean age, 64.1 y±12.8; age range, 22-94 y) who had undergone arterial closure with the EXOSEAL VCD ...
Gandour Jackson T - - 2013
The contemporary view is that a disruption in phonological encoding underlies the speech production deficit in conduction aphasia. We therefore expect to observe a commonality in phonological errors regardless of task - speaking, reading, or writing. A case report is presented of an oral reading task performed by a Thai ...
Qian Yumei - - 2013
This study investigated upper airway aerodynamic characteristics of patients who underwent maxillectomy using three-dimensional reconstruction and computational fluid dynamics. The results revealed the generation of low-velocity vortices throughout the entire maxillary defect during respiration. The nasal structure on the nonsurgical side changed postsurgically, possibly due to the pressure gradient between ...
Kao Yu-Man - - 2013
To identify associations among body mass index (BMI), diabetes, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in older adults in Taiwan. This study enrolled 3334 participants aged 65 years and above who underwent an annual health screening at a medical center from January 2006 to December 2010. CKD was defined as an ...
Costopoulos Charis - - 2013
The introduction of drug-eluting stents has revolutionized the treatment of coronary artery disease. First-generation stents, however, were associated with relatively high revascularization rates and the risk of stent thrombosis. This has led to a worldwide search for improvements in stent technology that will reduce adverse cardiac events following stent implantation ...
Xu Yuanlong - - 2013
As a representative proton pump inhibitor, Lansoprazole was poorly soluble in water which caused the low oral bioavailability. The present study was carried out to enhance the dissolution of lansoprazole by cogrinding with some commonly used hydrophilic polymers (β-CD, PVP, HPMC, L-HPC, CS, PEG and PVPP) in the weight ratio ...
Nelson Lucy - - 2013
Evidence supporting a link between vascular disorders such as hypertension and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is increasing. Population studies have suggested an association between hypertension and an increased risk of developing AD. A potential role for antihypertensive medications in the management of cognitive disorders has also been suggested, although findings are ...
Smouse H Bob - - 2013
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Crux vena cava filter in patients at risk for pulmonary embolism (PE). The Crux Biomedical Evaluation of the Crux Inferior Vena Cava Filter System trial was an international prospective, multicenter, single-arm clinical trial in 125 patients implanted with the Crux filter between ...
Leekha Surbhi - - 2013
The role of Clostridium difficile (CD) carriers in health care-associated CD transmission has been identified as an area needing research. We investigated the prevalence of, and risk factors for, asymptomatic CD colonization at hospital admission. Adults admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Minnesota on predetermined study days between March ...
Hachamovitch R - - 2013
The question of how to optimally manage coronary artery disease (CAD) has been a challenge for the cardiology community. The results of early, large randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing strategies of medical therapy alone versus revascularization plus medical therapy in patients with stable CAD suggested a survival advantage for a ...
Bravo C - - 2013
Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS) is a rare genetic disorder associated with neurodevelopmental delay and heart defects. We report the first case of prenatal diagnosis of PTLS in a fetus with hypoplastic left heart and aberrant right subclavian artery. Detection of a fetal heart defect should be followed by chromosomal and genetic ...
Barley Jessica - - 2013
Essential or unexplained hypertension exists in a significant segment of the US population. Among those with essential or unexplained hypertension is a subset of patients who are diagnosed with 'refractory hypertension' (RHTN) or uncontrolled hypertension despite sustained therapy with at least three antihypertensive agents. Neurogenic etiologies are prevalent among patients ...
Tamboli Viral - - 2013
The purpose of this investigation was to design novel pentablock copolymers (polylatide-polycaprolactone-polyethylene glycol- polycaprolactone-polylatide) (PLA-PCL-PEG-PCL-PLA) to prepare nanoparticle formulations which provide continuous delivery of steroids over a longer duration with minimal burst effect. Another purpose was to evaluate the effect of poly (L-lactide) (PLLA) or poly (D, L-lactide) (PDLLA) incorporation ...
Chow E K H - - 2013
Over 10% of deceased donors in 2011 met PHS/CDC criteria for infectious risk donor (IRD), and discard rates are significantly higher for kidneys from these donors. We hypothesized that patient phenotypes exist for whom the survival benefit outweighs the infectious risk associated with IRDs. A patient-oriented Markov decision process model ...
Namouz Shirin - - 2013
This article reviews the use and effectiveness of emergency cerclage for women who present with a dilated cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy and seeks to identify predictors of favorable emergency cerclage outcomes. We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Library for the period January 1995 to April 2012 and ...
Didomenico Lawrence A - - 2013
When total ankle arthroplasty fails, few good options are available for salvage. We report a case of total ankle arthroplasty displacement after trauma. The injury was initially repaired with an anterior ankle arthrodesis plate for ankle fusion. On the follow-up radiographs taken during the fourth postoperative week, internal fixation failure ...
Jan Syed Umer - - 2013
Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) has been evaluated and used with technetium 99m ((99m)Tc) in imaging of kidneys. DMSA lyophilized kits were prepared and radiolabelled with (99m)Tc. Paper and thin-layer chromatography have been employed using various eluent systems for the radiochemical analysis, percentage labeling and binding capacity of (99m)Tc-DMSA. Female albino rabbits ...
Khuda Fazli - - 2013
In vivo and in vitro screening of anti inflammatory activity of Valeriana wallichii and Achyranthes aspera leaves crude extract was performed, using standardized procedures. Methanolic crude extract topical formulation (cream) of Valeriana wallichii and Achyranthes aspera leaves (Family Valerianaceae and Amaranthaceae respectively), were screened for their anti-inflammatory activity, through "Carrageenan ...
Dimmick Simon - - 2013
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) of the hip is a well-recognized entity that can cause hip pain and limit range of motion. Although there are 2 types of FAI (cam and pincer), these 2 entities most commonly coexist. Plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging are commonly used to assess FAI, and play ...
Anderson Cheryl - - 2013
: To explore and compare associations among demographics, childbirth-related stressors, depressive symptoms, gestational age, and psychological birth trauma (PBT) among adolescents. : This cross-sectional, descriptive, comparative study compared two groups of adolescents for PBT. From a larger study dataset, we identified all adolescents delivering prior to 38 weeks (n = ...
Ecemis Gulcin Cengiz - - 2013
Although there is not enough strong molecular evidence for radiation to be a causal factor for the development of secondary brain tumors, a relationship has still been found. There is a slight but significant 2-2.7% increased risk of secondary brain tumors after conventional radiotherapy. However, this risk is small and ...
Mainardi Luca - - 2013
Assessing repolarization heterogeneity (RH) from surface ECG recording is an open issue in modern electrocardiography, despite the fact that several indexes measured on the T-wave have been proposed and tested. To understand how RH occurring at myocite level is reflected on T-wave shapes, in this paper we propose a mathematical ...
Siddiqui Sabahat Zahra - - 2013
A series of new N-substituted derivatives of 5-benzyl-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole-2yl-2ꞌꞌ-sulfanyl acetamide (6a-n) were synthesized in three phases. The first phase involved the sequentially converting phenyl acetic acid into ester, hydrazide and finally cyclized in the presence of CS2 to afford 5-benzyl-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole-2-thiol. In the second phase N-substituted-2-bromoacetamides were prepared ...
Ali Nouruddin Wageih - - 2013
Validated spectrophotometric and chemometric methods were developed for determination of Naphazoline Hydrochloride (NAP), Chlorpheniramine maleate (CLO) and Methylene blue (MB) in their ternary mixture. Method A was a spectrophotometric method, where NAP and MB were determined using second derivative (D2) spectrophoto metric method using the peak amplitudes at 299 nm ...
Kim Young-Joo - - 2013
To evaluate clinical outcomes of failed pelvic arterial embolization (PAE) and determine predictive factors associated with this failure in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). This retrospective study included all consecutive patients who underwent PAE for life-threatening PPH between March 2004 and January 2011 at a tertiary-care center. Medical records ...
Wells Marie S W - - 2013
Immediate-use steam sterilization (IUSS) was routinely used to prepare radioactive seeds for use in elective urology cases at an urban academic medical center. In an attempt to eliminate this practice, the senior clinical nurse queried educators from nearby facilities about their practices for processing these implants and met with all ...
Kynast Katharina L - - 2013
miRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that are important players in development, as well as in a number of physiological and pathophysiological processes. Due to their regulatory role in protein expression, it has been assumed that they are associated with peripheral and central sensitization mechanisms in the nervous system after nociceptive ...
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