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Florence Ngueguim Tsofack - - 2013
The present study examine the in vivo effects of Dorstenia Picta (D. picta) on urinary volume and sodium excretion in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and determine a possible mechanism by which the extract increased sodium transport in A6 cells monolayers. Administration of the plant extract at the dose of 150 mg/kg ...
Layton Danielle M - - 2013
Purpose: This paper aims to explore the mathematics of Kaplan-Meier and survival statistics, explain how the mathematics are relevant for prosthodontic treatment planning, and provide advice for future presentation of such data. Materials and Methods: The mathematics of the Kaplan-Meier and related survival statistic formulas were explored with hypothetical data ...
Boogaard Sabine - - 2013
Neuropathic pain (NP) is a pain arising as a direct consequence of a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system. A variety of factors associated with the development of persistent NP have been suggested. The goal of the present article is to provide an overview of current knowledge about prognostic ...
Guenette Jeffrey P - - 2013
To evaluate the clinical outcomes of ultrasound-guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) as salvage therapy for locoregional recurrence after resection of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma. There were 42 locoregional, biopsy-proven, papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma lesions (0.5-3.7 cm) treated, 21 with RF ablation and 21 with PEI. ...
Khalid Hira - - 2013
In the present work, a series of 2-O-substituted derivatives of 1-[(3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxy phenyl) sulfonyl]piperidine (5a-j) were synthesized. These derivatives were geared up by the coupling of 3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxy benzenesulfonyl chloride (1) with piperidine (2) under dynamic pH control in aqueous media to form parent compound 1-[(3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)sulfonyl]piperidine (3), followed by the substitution at ...
Yaish H M - - 2013
The diagnosis of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) in a newborn infant is generally made on the basis of a positive family history, spherocytes on blood film and Coombs-negative hemolytic jaundice of variable severity with an elevated mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and a low mean corpuscular volume (MCV). In general, sodium ...
Vázquez-González Denisse - - 2013
Opportunistic yeast infections are diseases caused by fungi which normally are saprophytic and do not cause disease in humans or animals. The prevalence of these diseases has been increasing due to immunosuppressive, corticosteroid, and long-term antibiotic treatment following organ transplantation or after serious metabolic, hematological, or immunological diseases. We review ...
Perveen Rehana - - 2013
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of Cedrus deodara root oil on the histopathology of different gastrointestinal organs of Wistar rats. This oil was used traditionally as an anti-ulcer agent in the Indus Unic System and extracted from the plant root by destructive distillation method. A total ...
Sullivan Debra K - - 2013
Compare weight loss and maintenance between a face-to-face (FTF) weight management clinic and a clinic delivered via virtual reality (VR). Participants were randomized to 3 months of weight loss with a weekly clinic delivered via FTF or VR and then 6 months' weight maintenance delivered with VR. Data were collected ...
Mission John F - - 2013
Obesity has increased dramatically in the United States over the last several decades, with approximately 40% of women now considered overweight or obese. Obesity has been shown to be associated with poor pregnancy outcomes, including increased rates of cesarean delivery, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, fetal macrosomia, stillbirth, and postterm pregnancy. In ...
Ahmed Dildar - - 2013
The present study aimed to establish relationship between urease and alpha-amylase inhibitory activities on the one hand and on the other between anti-enzymatic activities and total phenolic contents of the methanolic extract of roots of Rumex acetosella and its fractions in various solvents. The methanolic extract and its fractions in ...
Tanaka Yasue - - 2013
Purpose: To develop a method for capturing the three-dimensional (3D) shapes of dental arches in a position relative to that of maximum intercuspation and to evaluate its dimensional and occlusal accuracy. Materials and Methods: The conventional custom-tray impression technique was used to capture detailed and dimensionally accurate impressions of individual ...
Saldana Tina Marie - - 2013
To examine the importance of self-reported family history of uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) as a marker of risk. Women, aged 35 to 49, were randomly selected from the membership of a large, urban health plan. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire about family history of fibroids. Ultrasound screening for fibroids followed, regardless ...
Akhtar Nila J - - 2013
Endovascular repair of the aorta has traditionally been limited to the abdominal aorta and, more recently, the descending thoracic aorta. However, recently hybrid repairs (a combination of open surgical and endovascular repair) have made endovascular repair of the aortic arch possible. Hybrid repair of the aortic arch typically involves an ...
Neylon Antoinette - - 2013
Worldwide, there is variation in the incidence CVD with the greater burden being borne by low and middle-income countries. Traditional risk factors do not fully explain the CVD risk in populations, and there is increasing awareness of the impact the social environment and psychological factors have on CVD incidence and ...
Singh Gagandeep - - 2013
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the main risk factor for late-onset seizures in many Taenia solium endemic countries and is also increasingly recognized in high income countries, where it was once thought to have been eliminated. The course and outcome of NCC-associated seizures and epilepsy are poorly understood. Substrates underlying NCC-associated seizures ...
Nawaz Asif - - 2013
Achieving a desirable percutaneous absorption of drug molecule is a major concern in formulating dermal and transdermal products. The use of penetration enhancers could provide a successful mean for this purpose. The aim of this study was to develop Clotrimazole gel and to evaluate the effect of almond oil and ...
Myers Timothy R - - 2013
Asthma has long been recognized as a common respiratory disease, and the recognition of sleep-disordered breathing is becoming more prevalent. Patients with these disorders are commonly seen by clinicians caring for patients with respiratory disease. There is also much academic interest in asthma and sleep-disordered breathing. The purpose of this ...
Karussis Dimitrios - - 2013
It is widely accepted that the main common pathogenetic pathway in multiple sclerosis (MS) involves an immune-mediated cascade initiated in the peripheral immune system and targeting CNS myelin. Logically, therefore, therapeutic approaches to the disease include modalities aiming at downregulation of the various immune elements that are involved in this ...
Kaur Harpreet - - 2013
In this study a rapid, simple and sensitive assay to quantify clozapine in human plasma by using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed. Clozapine was extracted from human plasma using a mixture of chloroform: n-hexane 50:50 employing liquid-liquid extraction method. The calibration curve was found to ...
Faryal Rani - - 2013
Diphtheria is a communicable disease of global significance, and its outbreaks have to be reported to the world community under the International Health Regulations (IHR). A pilot seroepidemiological survey was conducted to assess immunity status of diphtheria among healthy individuals of Rawalpindi/Islamabad (Pakistan), who had been administered at least one ...
Radanovic Marcia - - 2013
In this article, the authors aim to present a critical review of recent MRI studies addressing white matter (WM) abnormalities in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), by searching PubMed and reviewing MRI studies evaluating subjects with AD or MCI using WM volumetric methods, diffusion tensor imaging and ...
Ullah Ikram - - 2013
The Rho GTPases are the sub-group of Ras super family and identified in all eukaryotes. The Rho GTPases effect different cellular signaling pathways involved in a number of diseases such as cancer, neurological and cardiovascular disorders. Members of Rho GTPases including RhoA, RhoC and Rac1 play a major role in ...
Damascelli Bruno - - 2013
To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of catheter-based radiofrequency renal sympathetic denervation for treatment of resistant hypertension. Twenty-four patients with essential hypertension unresponsive to at least three antihypertensive agents underwent renal denervation (RDN). Three patients had variant renal anatomy. Comorbidities included diabetes (n = 11), renal failure (n = ...
Esmaeili Akbar - - 2013
Helichrysum has long been used medicinally, proving to be beneficial in treatment of acne, asthma, bronchitis and circulatory problems, and lymphatic system diseases. The objective of this research was to study the antioxidant and antibacterial activities and chemical composition of the compounds derived from the stems and roots of cultivated ...
Hsu Daniel P - - 2013
Controversy exists regarding the best method to interpret pediatric spirometry. There is also controversy regarding the benefit of performing post-bronchodilator spirometry after normal baseline spirometry. This study compares the use of lower limit of normal (LLN) against percent of predicted (PP) in the interpretation of spirometry. We also investigate the ...
Edwin Ubulom Peace Mayen - - 2013
Senna alata is locally used in South Eastern Nigeria in the treatment of several infections which include ringworm and other parasitic skin diseases.The larvicidal activities of aqueous and ethanolic leaf and stem extracts of S. alata were evaluated in static bioassays, on fourth instar larvae of Anopheles gambiae, Culex quinquefasciatus ...
Klink Andrea - - 2013
A total of 163 monolithic restorations made from Vitablocs Mark II and luted adhesively or with resin cement were followed up for 3 to 70 months. Recall consisted of an evaluation of complete dental and hygiene status as well as quality assessment. Seven of 35 patients were lost to follow-up. ...
Morassaei Sara - - 2013
This study sought to examine provincial variation in work injuries and to assess whether contextual factors are associated with geographic variation in work injuries. Individual-level data from the 2003 and 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey was obtained for a representative sample of 89,541 Canadians aged 15 to 75 years old ...
Yang David C - - 2013
The benefits of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can be offset by periprocedural complications such as acute vessel closure and stent thrombosis in the absence of adequate antiplatelet and antithrombotic therapy. Additionally, conditions occurring after 30 days post-PCI, such as in-stent restenosis or late stent thrombosis can occur. Excess antithrombotic therapy, ...
Khan Rahmat Ali - - 2013
Sonchus asper is used traditionally in the treatment of kidney inflammation, hormonal imbalance and impotency. Sonchus asper methanolic extract (SAME) was investigated for its possible preventive effect against potassium bromate (KBrO3) induced oxidative damages in male rats using biochemical, molecular and histopathological markers in this study. 5 groups, each group ...
Aldrich Noel D - - 2013
Evaluate reported use of the practice of "eating more protein" to prevent weight gain among midlife women. Cross-sectional national survey. One thousand eight hundred twenty-four midlife women (40-60 y) from the 9 United States geographic regions, primarily married (71%), white (76%), and well educated; half were premenopausal (49%). Frequency of ...
Svendsen Jesper Hastrup - - 2013
The aims of this survey was to provide insight into treatment activity, the strategy of treatment, and risk stratification of patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic ventricular pre-excitation across Europe. Fifty-eight centres, members of the European Heart Rhythm Association EP research network, covering 20 countries answered the survey questions. All centres ...
Cottom James M - - 2013
Lapidus arthrodesis (first metatarsal cuneiform arthrodesis) has become an accepted procedure for hallux abducto valgus. Several variations of fixation have been described. Earlier weightbearing postoperatively has been one reported benefit of using locking plates for fixation. Additionally, studies have demonstrated that fixation placed on the plantar or tension side of ...
Jahan Sarwat - - 2013
Synthesis of novel phenacyl derivatives of alkyl piperidine as cytotoxic agents via simple and single step reaction procedure is going to be reported here. Twelve new compounds were successfully synthesized in moderate yield and in solid form. Their synthesis was confirmed by TLC, melting point, CHN analysis and through different ...
Hidalgo-Lopezosa Pedro - - 2013
PURPOSE:: The purpose of this study was to determine whether birth plans are associated with improved obstetric and neonatal outcomes. STUDY AND DESIGN:: This retrospective case-control study (N = 182) was conducted at a hospital in Córdoba, Spain, between August 2008 and September 2011. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared ...
Harel Noga - - 2013
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of immediate loading (IL) and delayed loading (DL) on peri-implant crestal bone loss around maxillary implants after long-term functioning. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted to assess the outcomes of 110 tapered, multithreaded implants placed for ...
Hagman Juha - - 2013
Introduction:  Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy associated with neural rim loss of the optic disc and the retinal nerve fibre layer typically causing visual field (VF) deterioration. Generally, glaucomatous lesions in the eye and in the visual field progress slowly over the years. In population-based cross-sectional studies, the percentage ...
Graling Paula R - - 2013
We conducted a prospective cohort study on the effectiveness of preoperative bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) cloths for reducing surgical site infections. We hypothesized that use of CHG cloths as an adjunct to surgical prep would significantly reduce the endogenous flora of surgical patients and therefore reduce surgical site infections. ...
Yilmaz Burak - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare strains generated by splinted and nonsplinted cement-retained implant crowns for two implants. A stereolithic resin cast was printed using computed tomography scan data from a patient. Two 4 × 6-mm implants were placed in the posterior left side of the cast. Splinted ...
Seymour Karen E - - 2013
Bipolar disorder (BD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often comorbid or confounded; therefore, we evaluated emotional face identification to better understand brain/behavior interactions in children and adolescents with either primary BD, primary ADHD, or typically developing controls (TDC). Participants included individuals 7 to 17 years of age (overall sample mean ...
Saaiq Muhammad - - 2013
A 26 years old manual labourer from Azad Jammu Kashmir presented with four days history of an extensive exfoliation of skin involving the entire body. Histology of the lesion showed epidermal necrolysis. The patient was a recently diagnosed case of epilepsy and had been started on therapy with sodium valproate ...
Wick Jane M - - 2013
Meningococcal disease affects as many as 3,000 people in the United States per year, with the highest incidence in children younger than two years of age and two-thirds of cases occurring in children younger than five years of age. Children who survive meningococcemia face quality-of-life issues that result from limb ...
Mizumori Takahiro - - 2013
Purpose: To investigate the hypothesis that sleep bruxism (SB) events could be predicted by an increase in heart rate. Materials and Methods: Fourteen sleep bruxers were recruited. Each participant recorded his or her own electromyography (EMG) and electrocardiography (ECG) at home for 2 consecutive nights using a portable telemetry system. ...
Said Sameh M - - 2013
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a clinical entity in which there is unexplained hypertrophy of the left ventricle in the absence of another cardiac or systemic etiology. Variants of HCM may include basal, midventricular, apical or diffuse types. In this review, the authors summarize the current surgical treatment and outcomes of ...
Cha S - - 2013
We report a very rare case of isolated multiple pulmonary arterial calcification with severe bilateral peripheral pulmonary arterial stenosis diagnosed in utero. Despite treatment with bisphosphonate for 6 months, systolic right ventricular pressure increased persistently and surpassed left ventricular pressure. After successful bilateral pulmonary arterioplasty at 13 months of age, ...
Kahwash Rami - - 2013
Cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) is a novel device-based therapy for heart failure that involves applying electrical signals during the absolute refractory period of the myocardial action potential. This therapy has been shown to augment the strength of left ventricular contraction independent of myocardial oxygen consumption in animal models as well ...
- - 2013
The American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) gathers extensive background information on emergency medicine residency programs and the residents in those programs. We present the 2013 annual report on the status of US emergency medicine training programs.
Graybill-D'Ercole Patricia - - 2013
Any hospital or facility in which surgery and other invasive procedures are performed should have accommodations for cleaning, decontaminating, disinfecting, and sterilizing instruments, equipment, and other essential supplies that are used for patient procedures. Sterilization is essential to reducing or preventing the risk of surgical site infections. This is a ...
Ozyoney Gurol - - 2013
Purpose: This study evaluated the 4-year clinical performance of IPS Empress II ceramic onlay restorations on extensively restored, endodontically treated molars. Materials and Methods: A sample of 53 morphologically compromised and endodontically treated molar teeth were restored with IPS Empress II ceramic onlays cemented with a dual cured luting composite. ...
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