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Ito K - - 2013
Cell proliferation and differentiation are closely coupled. However, we previously showed that overexpression of cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk6) blocks chondrocyte differentiation without affecting cell-cycle progression in vitro. To investigate whether Cdk6 inhibits chondrocyte differentiation in vivo, we generated chondrocyte-specific Cdk6 transgenic mice using Col2a1 promoter. Unexpectedly, differentiation and cell-cycle progression of ...
Liu Jie - - 2013
Aspergillus terreus is widely used for industrial production of important chemical compounds such as itaconate and lovastatin. To improve understanding of its physiology, we reconstructed a genome-scale metabolic model, iJL1454, consisting of 1454 genes, 1451 reactions and 1155 metabolites, based on genome annotation and literature mining. The model accurately predicted ...
Ford Michael T - - 2013
By drawing from theoretical perspectives suggesting that unfair conditions threaten fundamental psychological needs, perceived unfairness at work was proposed and tested as a predictor of resting blood pressure. As part of the Midlife Development in the United States Biomarkers project, participants completed questionnaires measuring perceived unfairness, self-esteem and coworker support. ...
Louis Deepak - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To study SMA doppler for predicting feed intolerance and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm SGA neonates with umbilical artery absent/reversed end diastolic flow (A/REDF) Study design: Prospective study. Patients: SGA neonates < 36 weeks born with antenatally diagnosed A/REDF formed cases. Those with normal Doppler formed controls. Primary ...
Gunawan Cindy - - 2013
The natural ability of Bacillus sp. to adapt to nanosilver cytotoxicity upon prolonged exposure is reported for the first time. The combined adaptive effects of nanosilver resistance and enhanced growth are induced under various intensities of nanosilver-stimulated cellular oxidative stress, ranging from only minimal cellular redox imbalance to the lethal ...
Plotnikova Alexandra - - 2013
The HEN1 methyltransferase from Arabidopsis thaliana modifies the 3'-terminal nucleotides of small regulatory RNAs. Although it is one of the best characterized members of the 2'-O-methyltransferase family, many aspects of its interactions with the cofactor and substrate RNA remained unresolved. To better understand substrate interactions and contributions of individual steps ...
Wojdyla Michal - - 2013
We study the thermal and out-of-equilibrium mechanical dynamics of single, living human red blood cells (RBCs) by combining two-probe passive and active microrheology techniques. Both experiments were performed quasisimultaneously on the same cell using two identical polystyrene probes, biochemically attached to the cell membrane. We obtained compelling evidence of nonequilibrium ...
Kudlicka Aleksandra - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: High-quality person-centred care for people with Parkinson's disease (PwPD) and their families relies on identifying and addressing factors that specifically impact on quality of life (QoL). Deficits in executive functions (EF) are common in Parkinson's disease, but their impact on PwPD and their caregivers is not well understood. The ...
Nagasawa Nobuhiro - - 2013
The embryo/endosperm size in mature seed differs among angiosperms to a high degree. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism underlying the size control between these neighboring tissues. Here we report the rice GIANT EMBRYO (GE) gene that is essential for controlling the size balance. GE function in each ...
Wang Yong - - 2013
In the Red Sea, two neighboring deep-sea brine pools, Atlantis II and Discovery, have been studied extensively, and the results have shown that the temperature and concentrations of metal and methane in Atlantis II have increased over the past decades. Therefore, we investigated changes in the microbial community and metabolic ...
Sun Peter - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess the time from the first observed diagnosis of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) to initiation of an oral antihyperglycemic agent (OAHA) and statin. Methods: In a retrospective US cohort study using the GE electronic medical record database, patients ≥18 years were included if they had a T2DM ...
Wood R A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy for peanut allergy may be limited by the risk of adverse reactions. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and immunologic effects of a vaccine containing modified peanut proteins. METHODS: This was a phase 1 trial of EMP-123, a rectally administered suspension of recombinant Ara h 1, Ara h 2, ...
Chakraborty Angana - - 2013
In this article we propose a Fast Optimal Global Sequence Alignment Algorithm, FOGSAA, which aligns a pair of nucleotide/protein sequences faster than any optimal global alignment method including the widely used Needleman-Wunsch (NW) algorithm. FOGSAA is applicable for all types of sequences, with any scoring scheme, and with or without ...
Diao Jiajie - - 2013
In vitro reconstitution assays are commonly used to study biological membrane fusion. However, to date, most ensemble and single-vesicle experiments involving SNARE proteins have been performed only with lipid-mixing, but not content-mixing indicators. Through simultaneous detection of lipid and small content-mixing indicators, we found that lipid mixing often occurs seconds ...
Zhang Jun-Xiu - - 2013
Aim:Sesamin is one of the major lignans in sesame seeds with antihyperlipidemic, antioxidative and antihypertensive activities. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of sesamin on arterial function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs).Methods:SHRs were orally administered sesamin (40, 80 and 160 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)) for 16 weeks. After the ...
Jensen Rodrigo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To test the viability of to use specialists' opinions to establish degrees of membership between nursing diagnoses and its elements (defining characteristics or risk factors), based on the concepts of fuzzy sets theory. This strategy may feasibly mapping the specialist's knowledge on the diagnostic task. METHODS: Specialists were invited ...
Xu Wen-Liang - - 2013
Proline-rich proteins contribute to cell wall structure of specific cell types and are involved in plant growth and development. In this study, a fiber-specific gene, GhPRP5, encoding a proline-rich protein was functionally characterized in cotton. GhPRP5 promoter directed GUS expression only in trichomes of both transgenic Arabidopsis and tobacco plants. ...
Sanghvi Kishore P - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of initiation of exclusive enteral feeds on first day of life in very low birthweight infants >1200 g. METHODS: Haemodynamically stable infants with birthweights 1200-1500 g irrespective of gestational age were randomized into two groups. Study group: Enteral feeds 80 mL/kg/day started within 1 h of birth and increased ...
Andersson Susanne - - 2013
Objective. To investigate gender differences in the association between self-rated health (SRH) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in subjects unaware of their glucose tolerance. Design. A cross-sectional population-based study. Setting. The two municipalities of Vara and Skövde in south-western Sweden. Subjects. A total of 2502 participants (1301 women and 1201 ...
Immonen Sirpa - - 2013
Objectives. The aim of this study was to assess the possibility of clinically significant drug-alcohol interactions among home-dwelling older adults aged ≥ 65 years. Design. This study was a cross-sectional assessment of a stratified random sample of 2100 elderly people (≥ 65 years) in Espoo, Finland. The response rate was ...
Meier-Abt Fabienne - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Early pregnancy has a strong protective effect against breast cancer in humans and rodents, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. Because breast cancers are thought to arise from specific cell subpopulations of mammary epithelia, we studied the effect of parity on the transcriptome and the differentiation/proliferation potential of specific ...
Li Haoran - - 2013
Chemotherapy has been widely used in treating cancer patients. Despite the tremendous progress in cancer treatment achieved during the last decades, drug resistance still accounts for most of the tumor relapses in chemotherapy-treated patients. Emerging evidence shows that microRNAs play an important role in regulating the drug sensitivity of tumor ...
Lee Yu Sun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the utility of the preoperative PET-CT using deformable image registration (DIR) in the treatment of patients with locally advanced breast cancer and to find appropriate radiotherapy technique for further adequate treatment of axillary nodal area. METHODS: Sixty-five breast cancer patients who had level II, III axillary or ...
Yoneda Tomoko - - 2013
The incidence of endometrial cancer, a common gynecological malignancy, is increasing in Japan. We have previously shown that the ER/MDM2/p53/p21 pathway plays an important role in endometrial carcinogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of germline single nucleotide polymorphisms in murine double minute 2 (MDM2) SNP309, TP53 Arg72Pro, ...
Maldonado Igor Lima - - 2013
A rostrocaudal pathway connecting the temporal and parietal lobes was described in monkeys using autoradiography and was named the middle longitudinal fasciculus (MdLF). Recently, the use of diffusion tensor tractography has allowed it to be depicted in human volunteers. In the present study, a technique of fiber dissection was used ...
Krikun Graciela G Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, - - 2013
Human endometrial endothelial cell (HEEC) innate immunity remains poorly characterized. Based on their direct contact with the circulation, HEECs are uniquely positioned to be exposed to viral infections. This study evaluated the innate immune response generated by HEECs after exposure to the TLR3 agonist, Poly(I:C) and the TLR8 agonist, viral ...
Boon Andrea J AJ Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. - - 2013
Real time ultrasound imaging of the diaphragm is an under-used tool in the evaluation of patients with unexplained dyspnea or respiratory failure. We measured diaphragm thickness and the change in thickness that occurs with maximal inspiration in 150 normal subjects, with results stratified for age, gender, body mass index, and ...
Van Den Berg Petronella J PJ Department of Neurology, St. Elisabeth Hospital, PO Box 90151, 5000 LC Tilburg, The - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the presence of (sub)luxation of the ulnar nerve in patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) compared with healthy controls (HC). We assessed its clinical patterns, electrodiagnostic, and sonographic characteristics. Using high-resolution sonography, we studied the incidence of (sub)luxation in a ...
Cai Huawei H Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-8542, - - 2013
Copper is required for cell proliferation and tumor angiogenesis. Cellular copper metabolism is regulated by a network of copper transporters and chaperones. Antioxidant-1 (ATOX1) is a cytosolic copper chaperone important for intracellular copper transport, which plays a role in the regulation of cell proliferation by functioning as a transcription factor ...
Everett Roger D RD MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, 8 Church Street, Glasgow G11 5JR, UK. - - 2013
Post-translational modification by members of the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) family of proteins is important for the regulation of many cellular proteins and pathways. As obligate parasites, viruses must engage with the host cell throughout their replication cycles, and it is therefore unsurprising that there are many examples of interplay ...
Lazic N N Microsoft Research Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2013
Although atopic sensitization is one of the strongest risk factors for asthma, its relationship with asthma is poorly understood. We hypothesize that 'atopy' encompasses multiple sub-phenotypes that relate to asthma in different ways. In two population-based birth cohorts (Manchester and Isle of Wight - IoW), we used a machine learning ...
Kim Gilbert W GW Thomas Jefferson University, Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Philadelphia, PA 19107, - - 2013
Obesity is a worldwide pandemic. Obesity-related health and economic costs are staggering. Existing strategies to combat obesity through lifestyle improvements and medical intervention have had limited success. Pharmacotherapy, in combination with lifestyle modification, may play a vital role in reversing the disease burden. However, past and current weight-loss medications have ...
Zierhut Heather - - 2013
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to create a healthy donor for a sibling's hematopoetic stem cell transplantation for a child with Fanconi Anemia (FA) was first reported in 2001. Yet we know little about the experiences of parents who have encountered decision making surrounding PGD and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-typing. The ...
Kamar Nassim - - 2013
Scarce data exist regarding the incidence of donor-specific antibodies (DSAs) in kidney transplant patients receiving everolimus-based immunosuppression without calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs). The aim of this retrospective case-control study was to compare the incidence of de novo DSAs in patients converted to an everolimus-based regimen without CNIs with that seen in ...
Sui Weiguo - - 2013
Treatment of uremia is now dominated by dialysis, in some cases, patients are treated with dialysis for decades, but overall outcomes are disappointing. A number of studies have confirmed the relevance of several experimental insights to the pathogenesis of uremia, but the specific biomarkers of uremia have not been fully ...
Hessels Daphne - - 2013
Gene fusions, resulting from chromosomal rearrangements, have been attributed to leukaemias and soft tissue sarcomas. The recent discovery of a recurrent gene fusion TMPRSS2-ERG in approximately half of the prostate cancers tested indicates that gene fusions also play a role in the onset of common epithelial cancers. Prostate cancer is ...
Euerby Melvin R - - 2013
This paper reports the influence of a diverse range of stationary phases and differing mobile phase modifiers on pressure-induced retention changes in reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC). The practical implications of these effects in the Tanaka column characterization using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) conditions, and implications for HPLC to UHPLC ...
Ghotbi Mohammad Reza - - 2013
Noise is one of the most harmful agents in the workplace. In addition to the adverse effects of noise on the auditory system, as a stressor it may cause increased blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, anxiety, and impaired secretion of hormones. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in ...
Sello Guido - - 2013
Theoretical models can be an efficient tool to assess compound toxicity as alternative to experimental determinations. Their application must follow some requirements that include the possibility to understand the rationale that supports the prediction; here, the determination of the mode of action (MOA) is important. A combination of similarity and ...
Calcagnoli Federica - - 2013
RATIONALE: A substantial body of research suggests that the neuropeptide oxytocin promotes social affiliative behaviors in a wide range of animals including humans. However, its antiaggressive action has not been unequivocally demonstrated in male laboratory rodents. OBJECTIVE: Our primary goal was to examine the putative serenic effect of oxytocin in ...
Bundschuh Mirco - - 2013
Although generally misunderstood, the p value is the probability of the test results or more extreme results given H0 is true: it is not the probability of H0 being true given the results. To obtain directly useful insight about H0, the positive predictive value (PPV) and the negative predictive value ...
Reuter Gábor - - 2013
Banna virus, whose genome is composed of 12 segments of double-stranded RNA, is a member of the genus Seadornavirus in the family Reoviridae and is thought to be an emerging mosquito-transmitted human pathogen in Southeast Asia. A novel phylogenetic relative of Banna virus (Balaton virus, BALV, JX947843-JX947850 and KC522611-KC522612) was ...
Mata-Essayag Sofia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sporotrichosis is one of the most common subcutaneous mycoses in Venezuela. It is a granulomatous chronic infection with cutaneous or subcutaneous tissue lesions. Regional lymphatic involvement may be present; extracutaneous disease is rare. The causal fungus Sporothrix schenckii has been isolated from soil, vegetation, and animals on numerous occasions ...
Baraibar Martin A - - 2013
Skeletal muscle ageing is characterized by a progressive and dramatic loss of muscle mass and strength leading to decreased muscular function resulting in muscle weakness which is often referred to as sarcopenia. Following the standardisation of "omics" approaches to study the genome (genomics) and the transcriptome (transcriptomics), the study of ...
Wagner M - - 2013
Autologous bone transplants are still the gold standard for defect filling materials and no other material has such a high biological potential. Proven surgical techniques for harvesting cancellous and cortical autografts in the pelvis, the problems and complications are described. The second part of the paper explains the safe handling ...
Quistgaard Esben M - - 2013
Here we present two structures of the major facilitator (MFS) xylose transporter XylE from Escherichia coli in inward open and partially occluded inward open conformations. These structures provide key information about the transport cycle of XylE and the closely related human GLUT transporters. This is, to our knowledge, the first ...
Kaiser Daniel W - - 2013
PURPOSE: Left atrial catheter ablation for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) requires periprocedural anticoagulation to minimize thromboembolic complications. High rates of major bleeding complications using dabigatran etexilate for periprocedural anticoagulation have been reported, raising concerns regarding its safety during left atrial catheter ablation. We sought to evaluate the safety and ...
Hisatsune Chihiro - - 2013
We generated a transgenic (Tg) mouse line expressing Cre recombinase under the control of the Gpr88 promoter within a bacterial artificial chromosome clone. We crossed the established Tg mice with reporter mice (CAG-CAT-Z Tg), which express Escherichia coli lacZ in response to Cre-mediated excision of the loxP-flanked chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene, ...
Borren Alie - - 2013
Background. Focal boosting of prostate tumours to improve outcome, requires accurate tumour delineation. For this, the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) seems a useful tool. On voxel level, the relationship between ADC and histological presence of tumour is, however, ambiguous. Therefore, in this study the ...
Ishida Narihiro - - 2013
A 73-year-old man with a severely stenosed bicuspid valve and an aneurysm of the ascending aorta underwent valve and aortic surgery. Preoperative imaging revealed a single coronary artery arising from the right side of the sinus of Valsalva and a branch that perfused into the left side of the heart ...
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