Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 3079
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Jabłoński Sławomir - - 2013
This study attempts to find a prediction method of death risk in patients with acute mediastinitis (AM). There is no such tool described in available literature for this serious disease. The study comprised 37 consecutive cases of iatrogenic AM. General anamnesis and biochemical data were included. Factor analysis was used ...
Lee Jeongmin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma patients with paracentral scotoma are at higher risk of losing central vision than those without glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to determine whether macular inner retinal layer (MIRL) measurements with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) outperform circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) measurements in discriminating between ...
Scartozzi Mario - - 2013
Aims: Altered α6β4 integrin expression has been demonstrated in HER-3-negative tumors and may be responsible for anti-HER treatment resistance. The current study aimed to evaluate the interaction between polymorphisms of α6 and β4 integrins and clinical outcome in HER-3-negative, K-RAS wild-type colorectal cancer patients receiving cetuximab. Patients & methods:K-RAS analysis ...
Huang Y-F - - 2013
The safety of oncolytic viruses, such as conditionally replicative adenoviruses (CRAds), has been validated in clinical trials for cancer therapy. Their antitumor efficacy is limited by the presence of preexisting neutralizing antibodies (NAbs). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive as a cellular vehicle to carry antitumor agents, not only because ...
Shi Hon-Yi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The volume-outcome relationship has been validated previously for surgical procedures and cancer treatments. However, no studies have longitudinally compared the relationships between volume and outcome, and none have systematically compared laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) surgery outcomes in Taiwan. This study purposed to explore the relationship between volume and hospital treatment ...
Meeson Annette - - 2013
Cardiac side population (CSP) cells, defined by their ability to efflux the vital dye Hoechst 33342, have been identified as putative cardiac stem cells based on their potential to give rise to both cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells. The CSP phenotype relies on an active metabolic pathway and cell viability to ...
Efird Lydia M LM Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 72 East Concord Street, Evans 124, Boston, MA, 02118, USA, - - 2013
Warfarin is effective in preventing thromboembolic events, but concerns exist regarding its use in patients with substance abuse. Identify which patients with substance abuse who receive warfarin are at risk for poor outcomes. Retrospective cohort study. Diagnostic codes, lab values, and other factors were examined to identify risk of adverse ...
Lu Yue - - 2013
Summary: Red fluorescent protein and its variants enable researchers to study gene expression, localization and protein-protein interactions in vitro in real-time. Fluorophores with higher wavelengths are usually preferred since they efficiently penetrate tissues and produce less toxic emissions. A recently developed fluorescent protein marker, monomeric red fluorescent protein (mRFP1), is ...
Milone Marco M University "Federico II" of Naples, Via Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy, - - 2013
To assess the efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block as anesthesia method for retroperitoneal varicocele repair and to evaluate its postoperative analgesic effectiveness. Thirty-three consecutive male patients undergoing retroperitoneal varicocele repair (Palomo technique) were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly allocated to undergo ultrasound-guided TAP block anesthesia (case ...
Rahman Milladur - - 2013
Background and objectives: Platelet-derived CD40L is known to regulate neutrophil recruitment and lung damage in sepsis. However, the mechanism regulating shedding of CD40L from activated platelets is not known. We hypothesized that matrix metalloproteinase-9 might cleave surface expressed CD40L and regulate pulmonary accumulation of neutrophils in sepsis. Methods: Abdominal sepsis ...
Dimonte S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Integrase (IN) is an enzyme produced by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 that enables its genetic material to be integrated into the DNA of the infected cell. Still now, few data are available with detailed analysis of the natural IN polymorphisms of HIV-1 subtype-C in datasets retrieved from antiretroviral-naïve patients; ...
Sun Limin - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Despite its clinical efficacy, few studies have examined the neural mechanisms of motor imagery training (MIT) in stroke. Our objective was to find the cortical reorganization patterns after MIT in chronic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty stroke patients with severe motor deficits were randomly assigned to the MIT or conventional ...
Williams Graciëlle - - 2013
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that the cancer risk of migrants from low-income to high-income countries will converge toward the levels of their host country. However, comparisons with country of origin are mostly lacking. We compared cancer incidence and mortality rates of Surinamese migrants in the Netherlands to both native ...
Taylor Lauren J - - 2013
Extensive empirical evidence indicates that the lesser variant of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) involves a communication impairment that is similar to, but milder than, the deficit in clinical ASD. This research explored the relationship between the broader autism phenotype (BAP) among parents, an index of genetic liability for ASD, and ...
Vannucchi Alessandro M - - 2013
Patient outcome in primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is significantly influenced by karyotype. We studied 879 PMF patients to determine the individual and combinatorial prognostic relevance of somatic mutations. Analysis was performed in 483 European patients and the seminal observations were validated in 396 Mayo Clinic patients. Samples from the European cohort, ...
Hurmeric Volkan - - 2013
A 65-year-old man developed capsular block syndrome in the early postoperative period, following phacoemulsification surgery. After neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser anterior capsulotomy, the intraocular pressure remained elevated for 4 days despite antiglaucomatous medication. On the postoperative fifth day, nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy was diagnosed. To the best of ...
Kelly Kaitlyn J KJ Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, - - 2013
Current National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines recommend neoadjuvant therapy for borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma to increase the likelihood of achieving R0 resection. A consensus has not been reached on the degree of venous involvement that constitutes borderline resectability. This study compares the outcome of patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy with or ...
Chen Jie - - 2013
Large eddy simulation (LES) technique is employed to numerically investigate the airflow through an idealized human extra-thoracic airway under different breathing conditions, 10, 30, and 120 l/min. The computational results are compared with single and cross hot-wire measurements, and with time-averaged flow field computed by standard [Formula: see text] and ...
Bhatnagar Shorav - - 2013
The authors describe the case of a 44-year-old male with chronic liver disease in whom celiacomesenteric trunk (CMT) was incidentally detected on routine multidetector row computed tomography of abdomen. The CMT (measuring approximately in diameter 12.3 mm) divided into celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) (measuring approximately 7.5 and 7.2 mm, ...
Zhang Peipei P College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, PR - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) post-transcriptionally repress gene expression via the miRNA-induced silencing complex (miRISC), which includes miRNA, Argonaute and a GW182 family member. Here we show that in Caenorhabditis elegans, miRNA-mediated gene silencing is modulated by macroautophagy, a lysosome-mediated degradation process. Loss of autophagy activity suppresses developmental defects caused by partially impaired ...
Mei May L - - 2013
To evaluate the preventive effect of Er:YAG laser (EYL) irradiation followed by silver diamine fluoride (SDF) application on dentine with cariogenic biofilm challenge. Twenty-four dentine slices were prepared from extracted sound human third molars. Each slice was cut into four parts for SDF application, followed by EYL irradiation (group SL), ...
Hallouard François - - 2013
PURPOSE: Synthesis and formulation of iodinated PCL-mPEG nanocapsules as new original blood pool contrast agents for computed tomography. METHODS: PCL-mPEG was synthesized and formulated following the emulsion-solvent diffusion process, in the form of iodinated nanocapsules. Physico-chemical characterization of such nano-materials was performed by DLS and transmission electron microscopy. A stability study ...
Ligabue-Braun Rodrigo - - 2013
Ureases are nickel-dependent enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of urea to ammonia and carbamate. Despite the apparent wealth of data on ureases, many crucial aspects regarding these enzymes are still unknown, or constitute matter for ongoing debates. One of these is most certainly their structural organization: ureases from plants and ...
Natsis K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The foramen magnum (FM), a complex area in craniocervical surgery, poses a challenge for neurosurgeons. The knowledge of the detailed anatomy of the FM, occipital condyles (OC) and variations of the region is crucial for the safety of vital structures. This study focuses on the FM and OC morphometry, ...
Steinvil Arie - - 2013
Prior toxicological exposure reports demonstrated the decremental effect of several air pollutants on the metabolic equivalents achieved during exercise testing (METs). There are no prior large scale epidemiological reports about the effect of environmental air pollution exposure on those parameters. We analyzed a cohort of apparently healthy individuals attending a ...
Frennesson Christina I - - 2013
Purpose:  To determine the mutation in a Swedish family with Best disease (vitelliform macular dystrophy; VMD) and to investigate the short- and long-term effects of photodynamic treatment (PDT) on subretinal neovascularization in a young boy. Methods:  The five members of three generations of a family with VMD underwent a thorough ...
Xu Ting - - 2013
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a filamentous fungal pathogen that can infect many economically important crops and vegetables. Alternative oxidase is the terminal oxidase of the alternative respiratory pathway in fungal mitochondria. The function of alternative oxidase was investigated in the regulation of sensitivity of S. sclerotiorum to two commercial fungicides, azoxystrobin ...
Ray-Chaudhuri A - - 2013
Several thousand patients are diagnosed annually with head and neck cancer (HANC) in the United Kingdom. This represents a significant proportion of all cancers that are diagnosed and a common treatment modality for this is radiotherapy to the head and neck region. Radiotherapy can be highly successful in managing HANC ...
Humes H David - - 2013
The rapid understanding of the cellular and molecular bases of organ function and disease processes will be translated in the next decade into new therapeutic approaches to a wide range of clinical disorders, including acute and chronic renal failure. Central to these new therapies are the developing technologies of cell ...
Omar Mahmoud A MA Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Minia University, Minia, Egypt. - - 2013
A simple, reliable, highly sensitive and selective spectrofluorimetric method has been developed for determination of certain aminoglycosides namely amikacin sulfate, tobramycin, neomycin sulfate, gentamicin sulfate, kanamycin sulfate and streptomycin sulfate. The method is based on the formation of a charge transfer complexes between these drugs and safranin in buffer solution ...
Davis Jon-Kyle - - 2013
Clothing targeting the exercise enthusiast has been advertised to keep individuals drier, cooler, and more comfortable during exercise in the heat. The marketing of such clothing has increased dramatically within the last decade. In hot environments, clothing acts as a barrier to thermal balance by inhibiting evaporative and convective cooling. ...
Gennatas Spyridon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Single arm phase 1 and 2 studies on Crizotinib in ALK-positive patients so far have shown rapid and durable responses. Spontaneous pneumothoraces as a result of response to anti-cancer therapy are rare in oncology but have been documented in a number of tumour types including lung cancer. This includes ...
Miron Richard J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies suggest that a combination of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) with grafting material may improve periodontal wound healing/regeneration. Newly developed calcium phosphate (CaP) ceramics have been demonstrated a viable synthetic replacement option for bone grafting filler materials. AIMS: This study aims to test the ability for EMD to ...
Moslehi Nazanin - - 2013
Muscle strength, an independent predictor of metabolic disorders, disability, and mortality, reduces gradually with advancing age. Little is known about the influence of nutritional intervention on muscle strength in middle-aged. The aim of the present study is to examine whether magnesium could improve body composition and muscle strength in middle-aged ...
Gray J D JD Harold and Margaret Milliken Hatch Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, - - 2013
Lithium (Li) is often an effective treatment for mood disorders, especially bipolar disorder (BPD), and can mitigate the effects of stress on the brain by modulating several pathways to facilitate neural plasticity. This review seeks to summarize what is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying Li's actions in the brain ...
Mavridis Konstantinos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Several transcript variants of the kallikrein-related peptidase 15 gene (KLK15) have been identified up to now. The classical KLK15 mRNA isoform encodes for a non-truncated, functional protein. Aberrant KLK15 expression is found in breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers. Our aim in this present study was the specific quantitative expression ...
Malek A - - 2013
Therapeutic gene silencing is a promising approach for treatment of cancer. Despite substantial efforts, however, only few such therapeutic methods have been clinically tested. The heterogeneity in gene expression profiles among malignant tissues and the dynamic control of gene expression in individual tumors makes identifying universal and effective targets a ...
Homma-Takeda Shino - - 2013
Renal toxicity is the principal health concern after uranium exposure. Children are particularly vulnerable to uranium exposure; with contact with depleted uranium in war zones or groundwater contamination the most likely exposure scenarios. To investigate renal sensitivity to uranium exposure during development, we examined uranium distribution and uranium-induced apoptosis in ...
Rekhtman Natasha N Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
KRAS mutations define a clinically distinct subgroup of lung adenocarcinoma patients, characterized by smoking history, resistance to EGFR-targeted therapies, and adverse prognosis. Whether KRAS-mutated lung adenocarcinomas also have distinct histopathological features is not well established. We tested 180 resected lung adenocarcinomas for KRAS and EGFR mutations by high-sensitivity mass spectrometry-based ...
Dessy Luca Andrea - - 2013
Abstract Abdominal wall weaknesses present several causative factors, both local and systemic and, as a consequence, abdominal hernias may develop in more than one site. Also, simultaneous hernia repair has been rarely reported in published reports. In the present study, the association of multiple weaknesses of the abdominal wall in ...
Staniland Jessica J - - 2013
A six-session higher-functioning autism anti-stigma program incorporating descriptive, explanatory and directive information was delivered to adolescent boys and the impact upon knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intentions towards peers with autism was evaluated. Participants were seventh-, eighth- and ninth-grade students (N = 395) from regular classes in a mainstream school. Two-eighth-grade classes were ...
Salian-Mehta Smita - - 2013
In light of the adverse reports of Bisphenol A (BPA) on reproduction and considering the pivotal role played by the steroid receptors (SRs) and their coregulators in male reproduction, it was of interest to decipher the influence that BPA may have on their expression pattern during critical 'windows' of development. ...
Nakamori Takatoshi - - 2013
The authors report two cases of pseudomesotheliomatous lung cancer (PLC) detected by (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan. (18)F-FDG PET/CT clearly revealed the extent of the disease in both cases, a case of adenocarcinoma of the lung and a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. Intense (18)F-FDG uptake by the diffusely ...
Ivanoff Sarah - - 2013
SUMMARY: Despite progress in the understanding of leukemia pathophysiology, the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains challenging. In patients with refractory or relapsed (R/R) AML, the prognosis is still poor and this group is targeted for new drug development. We reviewed the outcome of 47 patients, with R/R AML ...
Gaspar M C - - 2013
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a complex inherited disease which affects many organs, including the pancreas and liver, gastrointestinal tract and reproductive system, sweat glands and, particularly, the respiratory system. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the main cause of chronic airway infection. In order to reduce morbidity and mortality due to lung infection ...
Cesnik Edward - - 2013
Few studies have been carried out in the same area at different times, allowing an assessment of the incidence of epilepsy (E.), including all ages, over time. The available data on temporal trend show a decrease in E. incidence in childhood and an increase in the elderly. We sought to ...
Eaton K A - - 2013
Objectives Focused on the dental therapists foundation training (TFT) scheme run by the Postgraduate Dental Deaneries of Oxford and Wessex (NHS Education South Central - NESC) the objectives were (1) to evaluate the TFT 2010/11 scheme, identifying strengths, areas for development and drawing comparisons with the 2009 evaluation; and (2) ...
Meissner Felix - - 2013
Protein secretion allows communication of distant cells in an organism and controls a broad range of physiological functions. We describe a quantitative, high-resolution mass spectrometric workflow to detect and quantify proteins that are released from immune cells upon receptor ligation. We quantified the time-resolved release of 775 proteins, including 52 ...
Baillot A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Over 70 % of people who undergo bariatric surgery (BS) develop excess skin (ES). The physical and psychosocial consequences of ES may become a barrier to the practice of physical activity (PA), which is highly recommended to optimize the results of BS. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ...
Yu J Q - - 2013
To better understand how hyperglycemia induces endothelial cell dysfunction under the diabetic conditions, a hemodynamic microfluidic chip system was developed. The system combines a caspase-3-based fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) biosensor cell line which can detect endothelial cell apoptosis in real-time, post-treatment effect and with a limited cell sample, by ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >