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Results 301 - 350 of 3059
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Stoit Astrid M B - - 2013
Different views on the origin of deficits in action chaining in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been posited, ranging from functional impairments in action planning to internal models supporting motor control. Thirty-one children and adolescents with ASD and twenty-nine matched controls participated in a two-choice reach-to-grasp paradigm wherein participants received ...
Van Dyke Jonathan M - - 2013
Introduction: Stretch therapy is commonly utilized to prevent shortening maladaptation of skeletal muscle. Stretch in combination with isometric contraction prevents shortening, but the signaling mechanisms are not understood. Methods: Using a soleus tenotomy+stretch rat model, the phosphorylation-activation of mechanosensitive kinases (Akt, p70(S6K) , p38 MAPK, and ERK1/2) were measured for ...
Kawano Shin-Ichiro - - 2013
An efficient synthesis of 2,7-dibromo- and diiodo-pyrene(4,5,8,19)-tetraones led to strong donors and acceptors based on pyrene. They are versatile building blocks for conjugated materials and can be further applied in molecular electronics.
Youngquist J Tyler - - 2013
Microbially synthesized fatty acids are an attractive platform for producing renewable alternatives to petrochemically derived transportation fuels and oleochemicals. Free fatty acids (FFA) are a direct precursor to many high-value compounds that can be made via biochemical and ex vivo catalytic pathways. To be competitive with current petrochemicals, flux through ...
Anderson Megan E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Complete resection is critical for local control of primary bone sarcomas. Intraoperative consultation, including frozen section of bone marrow margins, frequently is used to aid in this goal. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore sought to determine (1) how often intraoperative frozen section of a bone marrow margin correlates with inspection of ...
Aiken M J - - 2013
An eight-year-old male neutered Staffordshire bull terrier was presented for investigation of right forelimb lameness of 14 months' duration. Radiography showed mottled osteolysis of the right radial carpal bone. Histopathology of the bone demonstrated replacement of healthy bone with granulation tissue suggestive of ischaemic necrosis. Lameness resolved following pancarpal arthrodesis. ...
Hollis Christin P - - 2013
PURPOSE: To develop novel hybrid paclitaxel (PTX) nanocrystals, in which bioactivatable (MMPSense® 750 FAST) and near infrared (Flamma Fluor® FPR-648) fluorophores are physically incorporated, and to evaluate their anticancer efficacy and diagnostic properties in breast cancer xenograft murine model. METHODS: The pure and hybrid paclitaxel nanocrystals were prepared by an ...
Liu Pengbo - - 2013
AIMS: To assess human adenoviruses (HAdVs) removal in an advanced wastewater treatment facility and compare two parallel tertiary treatment methods for the removal of HAdVs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Tangential flow ultrafiltration (UF) was used to concentrate the water samples and HAdVs were precipitated by polyethylene glycol. HAdVs were detected only ...
Simpson Kit N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The ARTEMIS trial compared first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) with lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) to darunavir plus ritonavir (DRV + RTV) for HIV-1-infected subjects. In order to fully assess the implications of this study, economic modelling extrapolating over a longer term is required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to simulate the course ...
Duncombe Jennifer - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To identify the meteorological drivers of dengue vector density and determine high- and low-risk transmission zones for dengue prevention and control in Cairns, Australia. METHODS: Weekly adult female Ae. aegypti data were obtained from 79 double sticky ovitraps (SOs) located in Cairns for the period September 2007-May 2012. Maximum temperature, ...
Watters David A K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Errors are to be expected in health care. Adverse events occur in around 10% of surgical patients and may be even more common in emergency surgery. There is little formal teaching on surgical error in surgical education and training programmes despite their frequency. METHODS: This paper reviews surgical error ...
Oda Eiji - - 2013
To compare high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and white blood cell count (WBC) as a predictor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Hazard ratios (HRs) adjusted for age, smoking, and other confounding covariates and areas under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) of hs-CRP and WBC for developing MetS were calculated in 1,463 men ...
Sevket Osman - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The goal of this study is to compare the prevalence and clinical outcomes of a one-step with a two-step screening method, both of which are commonly used for diagnosis of GDM. Methods: Women who presented for GDM screening and who consented to participate in this study were randomized ...
Kirchner S - - 2013
Few lethal pathogens in wild-living primates have been described, and little is known about infectious diseases of the reproductive tract and their possible impact on health and reproduction. This report describes the pathology and isolation of an alpha-toxin producing strain of Clostridium septicum in a case of necrotizing endometritis in ...
Van Dung Dinh - - 2013
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of crude protein (CP) level in concentrate (experiment 1) and concentrate level (experiment 2) on feed intake, nutrient digestibility, nitrogen (N) retention, ruminal pH and NH3-N concentration and average daily gain (ADG) of Vietnamese local fattening cattle. Animals (24 cattle, initial live ...
Moon Chisook - - 2013
Acinetobacter baumannii is an important cause of postneurosurgical meningitis. The emergence of carbapenem-resistant strains in this setting has caused a therapeutic challenge. We investigated the clinical implications of postneurosurgical meningitis caused by carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients more than 16 years ...
Lu Fang - - 2013
Rhizoma Dioscoreae Nipponicae (RDN) is a widely used traditional Chinese herb, which is used to treat arthroncus, arthrodynia and arthritis. As is known to us, inflammatory mechanisms have played an important role in the occurrence, course and prognosis of gouty arthritis (GA). The aim of this study was to determine ...
Witzig Thomas E - - 2013
Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) for relapsed indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma produces overall response rates (ORR) of 80% with mostly partial remissions. Synthetic CpG oligonucleotides change the phenotype of malignant B-cells, are immunostimulatory, and can produce responses when injected intratumorally and combined with conventional radiation. In this phase I trial we tested systemic administration ...
Kimber Joel A - - 2013
Top predators inhabiting a dynamic environment, such as coastal waters, should theoretically possess sufficient cognitive ability to allow successful foraging despite unpredictable sensory stimuli. The cognition-related hunting abilities of marine mammals have been widely demonstrated. Having been historically underestimated, teleost cognitive abilities have also now been significantly demonstrated. Conversely, the ...
Jung Joon-Goo - - 2013
For effective control of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), the development of rapid diagnostic systems and vaccines are required against its etiological agent, FMD virus (FMDV). To accomplish this, efficient large-scale expression of the FMDV VP1 protein, with high solubility, needs to be optimized. We attempted to produce high levels of a ...
Salem K A - - 2013
Although, several novel forms of intervention aiming at newly identified therapeutic targets are currently being developed for diabetes mellitus (DM), it is well established that physical exercise continues to be one of the most valuable forms of non-pharmacological therapy. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of ...
Gómez-Martín M Belén - - 2013
This research explores, by means of a questionnaire-based survey, public knowledge and perception as well as the behaviour of young Spanish tourists before, during and after the summer holiday period affected by an episode of extreme heat in 2003. The survey was administered between November and December 2004. The extraordinary ...
Chatterjee Krishanu - - 2013
Bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3) nanorods and polyaniline (PANI) nanoparticles have been synthesized by employing solvothermal and chemical oxidative processes, respectively. Nanocomposites, comprising structurally ordered PANI preferentially grown along the surface of a Bi2Te3 nanorods template, are synthesized using in situ polymerization. X-ray powder diffraction, UV-vis and Raman spectral analysis confirm the ...
Alinejad Yasaman - - 2013
The influence of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) produced by radio frequency (RF) induction thermal plasma with three catalyst mixtures (Ni-Co-Y2 O3 , Ni-Y2 O3 and Ni-Mo-Y2 O3 ) was evaluated on the behavior of murine MC3T3-E1 preosteoblasts. After analyzing SWCNTs properties, mitochondrial enzymatic (MTS) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities as ...
Kekilli Murat - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to demonstrate that the presence of atypical perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (pANCA) in indeterminate colitis (IC) patients and the potential role of pANCA for predicting the patients either with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD) for UC and CD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Gao Yuan - - 2013
RNase III is a group of dsRNA-specific ribonucleases that play important roles in RNA processing and metabolism. Alr0280 and All4107 in Anabaena sp. PCC7120 are highly similar to RNase III enzymes. In vitro, recombinant Alr0280 showed RNase III activity. In the same cyanobacterium, the expression of ftsH (FtsH protease) could ...
Aragona Pasquale - - 2013
Purpose:  To evaluate the effect of aminoacid enriched artificial tears on the ocular surface of patients with dysfunctional tear syndrome (DTS). Methods:  Forty patients were divided into two groups: group 1 treated for 90 days with sodium hyaluronate (SH) 0.15% 1 drop × 5 times/day; group 2 treated for 90 days with SH 0.15% + aminoacids ...
Campana Davide - - 2013
PURPOSE: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) is a relatively new treatment modality for patients with unresectable or metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP NETs). The aim of this study was to determine the time to progression of patients treated with PRRT and to identify the prognostic factors related to treatment response. ...
Lim Matthew S M - - 2013
Cognitive perspectives on gambling propose that biased thinking plays a significant role in sustaining gambling participation and, in vulnerable individuals, gambling problems. One prominent set of cognitive biases include illusions of control involving beliefs that it is possible to influence random gaming events. Sociologists have reported that (some) gamblers believe ...
Susset Eline C - - 2013
To survive unfavorable periods, ladybird beetles form conspicuous aggregations in specific microsites, with these locations remaining the same year after year. This constancy of location leads to the hypothesis that semiochemicals are involved in the attraction and aggregation of ladybirds to the microsite. In this study, we identified two types ...
Lee Jeongmin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma patients with paracentral scotoma are at higher risk of losing central vision than those without glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to determine whether macular inner retinal layer (MIRL) measurements with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) outperform circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) measurements in discriminating between ...
Scartozzi Mario - - 2013
Aims: Altered α6β4 integrin expression has been demonstrated in HER-3-negative tumors and may be responsible for anti-HER treatment resistance. The current study aimed to evaluate the interaction between polymorphisms of α6 and β4 integrins and clinical outcome in HER-3-negative, K-RAS wild-type colorectal cancer patients receiving cetuximab. Patients & methods:K-RAS analysis ...
Huang Y-F - - 2013
The safety of oncolytic viruses, such as conditionally replicative adenoviruses (CRAds), has been validated in clinical trials for cancer therapy. Their antitumor efficacy is limited by the presence of preexisting neutralizing antibodies (NAbs). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive as a cellular vehicle to carry antitumor agents, not only because ...
Shi Hon-Yi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The volume-outcome relationship has been validated previously for surgical procedures and cancer treatments. However, no studies have longitudinally compared the relationships between volume and outcome, and none have systematically compared laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) surgery outcomes in Taiwan. This study purposed to explore the relationship between volume and hospital treatment ...
Meeson Annette - - 2013
Cardiac side population (CSP) cells, defined by their ability to efflux the vital dye Hoechst 33342, have been identified as putative cardiac stem cells based on their potential to give rise to both cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells. The CSP phenotype relies on an active metabolic pathway and cell viability to ...
Li Wei - - 2013
The relationship between the profile of the structures obtained by multiphoton polymerization and the optical parameters of nanofabrication systems has been studied theoretically for a multipulse scheme. We find that the profile of sub-wavelength structures is greatly affected by the evanescent waves affect. Not only is the photocured polymer voxel ...
Reed Thomas E - - 2013
Broad-scale environmental changes are altering patterns of natural selection in the wild, but few empirical studies have quantified the demographic cost of sustained directional selection in response to these changes. We tested whether population growth in a wild bird is negatively affected by climate change-induced phenological mismatch, using almost four ...
Liu Xiao-Jie - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease in the elderly, leads to progressive loss of memory and cognitive deficits. Amyloid-β protein (Aβ) in the brain is thought to be the main cause of memory loss in AD. Melatonin, an indole hormone secreted by the pineal gland, has been reported ...
Linšak Dijana Tomić - - 2013
Cadmium occurs naturally in the environment and as an anthropogenic pollutant. Exposure to low concentrations of cadmium is inevitable and may produce toxic effects. Another important aspect of cadmium toxicity is its interaction, often antagonistic, with essential elements such as selenium. The aim of this study was to highlight the ...
Li J - - 2013
The developmental kinetics of pig embryos produced by parthenogenetic activation without (PAZF) or with (PAZI) zona pellucida or by handmade cloning (HMC) was compared by time-lapse videography. After cumulus cell removal, the matured oocytes were either left zona intact (PAZI) or were made zona free by pronase digestion (PAZF) before ...
Hathaway Thomas D - - 2013
PURPOSE: Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) measurement has facilitated a move to minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. Patients are referred for surgery earlier with milder hypercalcaemia and smaller tumours. Whilst previous research has shown that glands size can affect ioPTH kinetics in patients with multiple gland disease, the dynamics of ioPTH in patients ...
Yang Limin - - 2013
Plant esterase extracted from wheat flour play key roles in the spectrophotometric detection of organophosphorus compounds (OPs) for food safety and human health. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of tryptophan residues in the activity and structure of plant esterase by chemical modification and fluorometric ...
Round W H - - 2013
A survey of the medical physics and biomedical engineering workforce in Australia and New Zealand was carried out in 2012 following on from similar surveys in 2009 and 2006. 761 positions (equivalent to 736 equivalent full time (EFT) positions) were captured by the survey. Of these, 428 EFT were in ...
Rai A - - 2013
On 4 February 2013 experts confirmed that the remains of the last English king to die in battle were found under a council car park in Leicester, England. Richard III, the last Plantagenet king, wore the crown from 1483 until his untimely death in 1485. There have been many myths ...
Wu Ke - - 2013
The process of templating a manganese nanocluster with the 12 × 12 moiré and other two slightly distorted graphene/Ru(0001) moirés was investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). At the initial stage of nucleation, different adsorption modes for Mn monomer, dimer and trimer guided by various moiré periodicities were observed. Upon Mn coverage ...
Dariane Charles - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess whether the PSA level (threshold 4 ng/mL) is a prognostic factor in biochemical recurrence-free survival in men with prostate cancer (PCa) with an initial PSA level <10 ng/mL who underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARLP). METHODS: We prospectively recruited data for consecutive patients treated by RARLP for PCa with ...
Hollingsworth K G - - 2013
Purpose: In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), fat replacement of muscle may be a useful endpoint in trials of therapy, though progression in different muscle groups is uneven. This study assesses the progression in fat replacement by T1 -weighted imaging over 2 9-month periods. Methods: 8 ambulant, corticosteroid-treated boys with DMD ...
Shah Rashmi R - - 2013
The development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) represents a major milestone in oncology. However, their use has been found to be associated with serious toxicities that impinge on various vital organs including the heart. Sixteen TKIs have been approved for use in oncology as of 30 September 2012, and a ...
Mansouri Larry - - 2013
SUMMARY: Most previous studies on telomere length (TL) in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are based on referral cohorts including a high proportion of aggressive cases. Here, the impact of TL was analyzed in a population-based cohort of newly diagnosed CLL (n=265) and in relation to other prognostic markers. Short telomeres ...
Sele Veronika - - 2013
The present study describes the use of a simple solid-phase extraction procedure for the extraction of arsenic-containing hydrocarbons from fish oil followed by analysis using gas chromatography (GC) coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS). The procedure permitted the analysis of a small sample amount, and the method was ...
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