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Results 251 - 300 of 3059
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Krol Marieke - - 2013
Productivity costs occur when the productivity of individuals is affected by illness, treatment, disability or premature death. The objective of this paper was to review past and current developments related to the inclusion, identification, measurement and valuation of productivity costs in economic evaluations. The main debates in the theory and ...
Ballantyne Anita - - 2013
Genentech and ImmunoGen are collaborating on the development of trastuzumab emtansine, a HER2 antibody-drug conjugate that comprises Genentech's trastuzumab antibody linked to ImmunoGen's anti-mitotic agent, mertansine (a maytansine derivative; also known as DM1). The conjugate combines two strategies: the anti-HER2 activity of trastuzumab, and the targeted intracellular delivery of mertansine, ...
Yogev Yariv - - 2013
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of the 50g-glucose challenge test (GCT) and the 100g-oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in twin versus singleton pregnancies. METHODS: A retrospective study of all women who underwent a GCT (24 to 28 weeks) and delivered in a single tertiary medical center (2001-2012). The performance ...
Chen Mei-Chun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In Chinese physiognomy, lower-lid pretarsal fullness is considered a sign of beauty in women. However, there are no data regarding the normal measurements of pretarsal fullness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the average appearance of lower-lid pretarsal fullness in oriental women of specific age groups with ...
Storr-Paulsen Allan - - 2013
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) and the morphology of the corneal endothelium after cataract extraction in Caucasian male patients exposed to the α-1a adrenergic receptor antagonist tamsulosin. Methods:  In a clinical prospective study, 23 male patients (23 eyes) ...
Ma Hong - - 2013
Analyses of a new male sterility gene from a well-known rice cytoplasmic sterile line reveal inhibition of a nucleus-encoded protein and counteractions by nuclear fertility restorer factors. The existence of these genes in wild rice populations suggests that they may confer selective advantages.
Liu Yuchen - - 2013
RNA-protein interaction plays a significant role in regulating eukaryotic translation. This phenomenon raises questions about the ability of artificial biological systems to take the advantage of protein-RNA interaction. Here, we designed an oncogenic signal-processing system expressing both a Renilla luciferase reporter gene controlled by RNA-protein interaction in its 5'-untranslated region ...
Fragouli Elpida - - 2013
Despite the clinical importance of aneuploidy, surprisingly little is known concerning its impact during the earliest stages of human development. This study aimed to shed light on the genesis, progression, and survival of different types of chromosome anomaly from the fertilized oocyte through the final stage of preimplantation development (blastocyst). ...
Parlamas George - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to systematically review and meta-analyse the available literature on the treatment of chronic syndesmotic injuries of the ankle. METHODS: A systematic review of the PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE databases was conducted in August 2012 utilizing the keywords (treatment OR intervention) AND (injury OR sprain ...
Dixit Shreya - - 2013
This article presents findings from a survey of Australian dermatologists who were questioned about their preferred pain control methods when carrying out injectable procedures. We also present, what is to the best of our knowledge, the first proof-of-concept experiment exploring the relationship between ice-to-skin contact time and skin surface temperature, ...
Yang Jianghua - - 2013
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are molecular chaperones and have an important role in the refolding and degradation of misfolded proteins, and these functions are related to aging. Rotifer is a useful model organism in aging research, owing to small body size (0.1-1 mm), short lifespan (6-14 days), and senescence phenotypes that can ...
Sun Xuanrong - - 2013
CaIPF19998, a functionally unknown gene in Candida albicans, was identified by its homology to Saccharomyces cerevisiae AIF1 gene, which is involved in cell apoptosis. In this study, ipf19998 null mutant was generated with the URA-blaster method and the construction of overexpression of CaIPF19998 was measured by quantitative RT-PCR. Minimal inhibitory ...
Raj G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for the management of genital Lichen sclerosus (LS) have recently been updated. OBJECTIVE: To look at the audit points suggested by the updated guidelines: performance of biopsies in active LS not responding to treatment; clear follow-up arrangements for patients with active disease; patient awareness of need to report ...
Bonnabel Arnaud - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the correlations between anatomical and functional changes studied with microperimetry (MPM) and spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) in patients after successful repair of idiopathic macular hole (MH). METHODS: Monocentric, retrospective, interventional study in 23 eyes of 23 patients who underwent successful surgery for MH defined as closure of the ...
Kiss Joseph E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is common in regular blood donors. We evaluated the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of red blood cell (RBC) hematology analyzer indices to assess iron status as a part of donor management. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 1659 male and female donors from the Retrovirus Epidemiology ...
He Song-Lin - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate the Chinese version of the Summated Xerostomia Inventory (SXI). METHODS: The English SXI was translated into Chinese, cross-cultural adaptation and pilot tested. The final Chinese version of SXI was tested in a consecutive sample of 212 patients with xerostomia. The reliability ...
Aydin Suleyman - - 2013
We have investigated how diabetes affects the expression of adropin (ADR) in rat brain, cerebellum, kidneys, heart, liver, and pancreas tissues. The rats in the diabetic group were administered an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of a single dose of 60 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) dissolved in a 0.1 M phosphate-citrate buffer (pH 4.5). The ...
Eack Shaun M - - 2013
Adults with autism experience significant impairments in social and non-social information processing for which few treatments have been developed. This study conducted an 18-month uncontrolled trial of Cognitive Enhancement Therapy (CET), a comprehensive cognitive rehabilitation intervention, in 14 verbal adults with autism spectrum disorder to investigate its feasibility, acceptability, and ...
Merrington Graham - - 2013
Many jurisdictions around the globe have well-developed regulatory frameworks for the derivation and implementation of water quality guidelines (WQGs) or their equivalent (e.g. environmental quality standards, criteria, objectives or limits). However, a great many more still do not have such frameworks and are looking to introduce practical methods to manage ...
Salian-Mehta Smita - - 2013
In light of the adverse reports of Bisphenol A (BPA) on reproduction and considering the pivotal role played by the steroid receptors (SRs) and their coregulators in male reproduction, it was of interest to decipher the influence that BPA may have on their expression pattern during critical 'windows' of development. ...
Shah Devron R - - 2013
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have revolutionized the treatment of certain forms of cancers, raising hopes for many patients with otherwise unresponsive tumours. While these agents are generally well tolerated, clinical experience with them has highlighted their unexpected association with serious toxic effects on various organs such as the heart, lungs, ...
Nakamori Takatoshi - - 2013
The authors report two cases of pseudomesotheliomatous lung cancer (PLC) detected by (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan. (18)F-FDG PET/CT clearly revealed the extent of the disease in both cases, a case of adenocarcinoma of the lung and a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. Intense (18)F-FDG uptake by the diffusely ...
Ivanoff Sarah - - 2013
SUMMARY: Despite progress in the understanding of leukemia pathophysiology, the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains challenging. In patients with refractory or relapsed (R/R) AML, the prognosis is still poor and this group is targeted for new drug development. We reviewed the outcome of 47 patients, with R/R AML ...
Gaspar M C - - 2013
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a complex inherited disease which affects many organs, including the pancreas and liver, gastrointestinal tract and reproductive system, sweat glands and, particularly, the respiratory system. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the main cause of chronic airway infection. In order to reduce morbidity and mortality due to lung infection ...
Cesnik Edward - - 2013
Few studies have been carried out in the same area at different times, allowing an assessment of the incidence of epilepsy (E.), including all ages, over time. The available data on temporal trend show a decrease in E. incidence in childhood and an increase in the elderly. We sought to ...
Slavin-Spenny Olga - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stress contributes to headaches, and effective interventions for headaches routinely include relaxation training (RT) to directly reduce negative emotions and arousal. Yet, suppressing negative emotions, particularly anger, appears to augment pain, and experimental studies suggest that expressing anger may reduce pain. Therefore, we developed and tested anger ...
Ha Jeongim - - 2013
Mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase (MSK) 1 is an important regulator of immune response and mitogenic signaling. In this study, we report for the first time that MSK1 was activated by the osteoclast differentiation factor receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) in osteoclast precursor cells. Inhibition of ...
Fujiyoshi Toshiki - - 2013
Various surgical techniques have been proposed for the repair of supravalvular pulmonary stenosis (SVPS) in pediatric populations. Whereas growth potential should be promised, excessive expansion under the presence of undiminished high pulmonary arterial pressure should be avoided. The authors applied all-autologous three-sinus repair, the so-called modified Brom or Myers technique, ...
Oswald S - - 2013
An automated flow-through multi-mycotoxin immunoassay using the stand-alone Munich Chip Reader 3 platform and reusable biochips was developed and evaluated. This technology combines a unique microarray, prepared by covalent immobilization of target analytes or derivatives on diamino-poly(ethylene glycol) functionalized glass slides, with a dedicated chemiluminescence readout by a CCD camera. ...
Herman S E M - - 2013
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells depend on microenvironmental factors for proliferation and survival. In particular, the B-cell receptor (BCR) and NF-κB pathways are activated in the lymph node microenvironment. Thus, model systems mimicking tumor-host interactions are important tools to study CLL biology and pathogenesis. We investigated whether the recently established ...
Manton Sarah - - 2013
Objective Pilot investigation to establish the knowledge, use and education needs of general dental practitioners (GDPs) of the UK yellow card (YC) reporting scheme.Design Postal survey.Main outcome measures GDP views and experiences.Results Of 130 respondents, 74.6% were aware of the scheme. There was greater awareness of the scheme among those ...
Allen Jenny - - 2013
We used network-based diffusion analysis to reveal the cultural spread of a naturally occurring foraging innovation, lobtail feeding, through a population of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) over a period of 27 years. Support for models with a social transmission component was 6 to 23 orders of magnitude greater than for ...
Guo Jian-Feng - - 2013
The DFT-B3LYP/6-311++G(3df,2p) and MP2(full)/6-311++G(3df,2p) calculations were carried out on the binary complex formed by HM (M = Li, Na, K) and HF or the π-electron donor (C2H2, C2H4, C6H6), as well as the ternary system FH∙∙∙HM∙∙∙C2H2/C2H4/C6H6. The cooperativity effect between the dihydrogen-bonding and H-M∙∙∙π interactions was investigated. The result shows that the ...
Zhao Fei-Li - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Indirect cost is an important component in economic evaluations. The variation in the magnitude of indirect costs across studies and countries is substantial and affects the transferability of results across jurisdictions. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the factors involved in the variation of reported indirect cost and investigated the feasibility ...
Zhu Banghe - - 2013
PURPOSE: Wide-field surgical excision reduces the chance of residual disease, but can also lead to disfigurement and devastating morbidities when resection is close to critical structures. We hypothesize that near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging can enable accurate detection of tumor margins for image-guided resection. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: An orthotopic model of human ...
Goto Masami - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate whether the effect of scanner for cortex volumetry with atlas-based method is reduced using Diffeomorphic Anatomical Registration Through Exponentiated Lie Algebra (DARTEL) normalization compared with standard normalization. METHODS: Three-dimensional T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (3D-T1WIs) of 21 healthy subjects were obtained and evaluated for effect ...
Zeng Gengsheng L - - 2013
Iterative image reconstruction with the total-variation (TV) constraint has become an active research area in recent years, especially in x-ray CT and MRI. Based on Green's one-step-late algorithm, this paper develops a transmission noise weighted iterative algorithm with a TV prior. This paper compares the reconstructions from this iterative TV ...
Qiao Wenli - - 2013
Abstract We evaluated the predictive value of [(18)F] FDG-PET for clinical outcome such as progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL prior to and after ASCT. (18)F-FDG PET/CT was performed in 39 consecutive relapsed/refractory DLBCL patients scheduled for ASCT. The median follow-up of ...
Allegaert Karel - - 2013
Effective and safe drug administration in neonates should be based on integrated knowledge on the evolving physiological characteristics of the infant who will receive the drug and the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of a given drug. Consequently, clinical pharmacology in neonates is as dynamic and diverse as the neonates ...
Kabalah-Amitai Lee - - 2013
Calcite, aragonite, and vaterite are the three anhydrous polymorphs of calcium carbonate, in order of decreasing thermodynamic stability. Although vaterite is not commonly found in geological settings, it is an important precursor in several carbonate-forming systems and can be found in biological settings. Because of difficulties in obtaining large, pure, ...
Schumann Burkard Gabriela - - 2013
Different life-cycle stages of Trypanosoma brucei are characterized by stage-specific glycoprotein coats. GPEET procyclin, the major surface protein of early procyclic (insect midgut) forms, is transcribed in the nucleolus by RNA polymerase I as part of a polycistronic precursor that is processed to monocistronic mRNAs. In culture, when differentiation to ...
Camacho-Sanchez Miguel - - 2013
Ecological and conservation genetics require sampling of organisms in the wild. Appropriate preservation of the collected samples, usually by cryostorage, is key to the quality of the genetic data obtained. Nevertheless, cryopreservation in the field to ensure RNA and DNA stability is not always possible. We compared several nucleic acid ...
Proffen Benedikt - - 2013
The last few years have witnessed significant advancements in arthroplasty. The procedure is mainly used to treat osteoarthritis of the hip and knee joint. Other joints such as the shoulder or ankle are also being successfully replaced by arthroplasty. The success of the operation depends on the implantation technique as ...
De Jong Anne Margreet - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) often occurs in the presence of an underlying disease. These underlying diseases cause atrial remodelling, which make the atria more susceptible to AF. Stretch is an important mediator in the remodelling process. The aim of this study was to develop an atrial cell culture model mimicking remodelling ...
Shen Wei-Wei - - 2013
Studies have shown that the expression of CD133, leucine-rich-repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (Lgr5), and ATP binding cassette (ABC)G2 proteins is associated with malignancy and poor prognosis in colon cancer. However, molecular regulation mechanism of the three proteins has not been elucidated. Here, we report that microRNA-142-3p (miR-142-3p) inhibits the expression ...
Wu Tao - - 2013
Copper metal nanoparticles were used as a reducing agent to reduce graphene oxide (GO). The reaction was complete in about 10 min and did not involve the use of any toxic reagents or acids that are typically used in the reduction of GO by Zn and Fe powders. The high reduction ...
Hansen Bjørge Herman - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and to determine whether the explanatory power of the correlates differed with sex, weight status or level of education. METHODS: Physical activity was assessed objectively in 3,867 participants, aged 20-85 years, for a consecutive 7 days using ...
Barone Mariarita - - 2013
The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential anti-inflammatory activity of eleven (5-15) new synthesized derivatives of benzo-thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine on two cell models, namely human keratinocytes NCTC 2544 and mouse monocyte-macrophages J774. For the synthesis of test compounds an efficient approach was developed: the key isothiocyanate was prepared through ...
Ulm Christina - - 2013
Posttranslational modification of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) by polysialic acid (polySia) is well studied in the nervous system and described as a dynamic modulator of plastic processes like precursor cell migration, axon fasciculation, and synaptic plasticity. Here, we describe a novel function of polysialylated NCAM (polySia-NCAM) in innate ...
Denkinger Benjamin - - 2013
Planning, predicting, reasoning, and acting often depend crucially on the correct encoding and application of knowledge concerning the temporal and causal ordering of events. Yet no pictorial stimulus set is optimized for investigating the processing of temporal and causal order information. We introduce a novel stimulus set of 265 black-and-white ...
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