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Results 201 - 250 of 3059
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Hashim Nor H - - 2013
Enantiomeric compositions of three 2-arylpropionic acid (2-APA) drugs, ibuprofen, naproxen, and ketoprofen, were monitored in a membrane bioreactor (MBR) treating municipal effluent in a small rural town in Australia. Specific enantiomers were determined as amide diastereomers using the chiral derivatizing reagent, (R)-1-phenylethylamine (PEA), followed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS). ...
Daltro-Oliveira Renato - - 2013
Introduction. It is known that patients with chronic hepatitis C have a lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) than the general population and evidence suggests that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) could exert direct neuropathic action on HRQOL. From this perspective, the virus clearance should be accompanied by improvement in ...
Bateni Cyrus P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Although much attention is paid to the scapholunate ligament, lunotriquetral ligament, and the triangular fibrocartilage complex, additional intrinsic and extrinsic ligaments in the wrist play an important part in carpal stability. With improved MRI techniques, the radiologist can increasingly visualize these ligaments. CONCLUSION. The anatomy, MRI appearance, and clinical ...
Besra Laxman - - 2013
Background: Periorbital dermatoses are very common dermatological disorders which pose a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the treating dermatologist due to the similarity of symptoms in this area. Aims: To study the spectrum of periorbital dermatoses and to assess the association of systemic diseases with periorbital dermatoses. Methods: This was ...
Di Biagio Antonio - - 2013
Objectives- To investigate common carotid intima-media thickness in a cohort of patients who were vertically infected with human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1). Methods- We conducted a cross-sectional observational study. Human immunodeficiency virus 1-infected patients were compared with age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy participants. Common carotid intima-media thickness was ...
Victoria Teresa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Prenatal diagnosis of skeletal dysplasia is often difficult and based on findings with ultrasound, a technique with 40-60% sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a preliminary experience in assessing severe prenatal osseous abnormalities with low-dose fetal CT. The hypothesis was that use of CT may improve ...
Chae Eun Young - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of our study was to assess the diagnostic performance of breast MRI in evaluating residual disease in patients after excisional biopsy for breast cancer on the basis of both morphologic and kinetic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Of 5304 breast MRI examinations performed between January 2007 and December ...
Sandlin Adam T - - 2013
Polyhydramnios is an excessive amount of amniotic fluid within the amniotic cavity. The etiology of polyhydramnios may be idiopathic, the consequence of fetal structural anomalies, or the consequence of various fetal and maternal conditions. The clinical importance of polyhydramnios is found in its association with adverse pregnancy outcomes and the ...
Nathan Carl - - 2013
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) react preferentially with certain atoms to modulate functions ranging from cell homeostasis to cell death. Molecular actions include both inhibition and activation of proteins, mutagenesis of DNA and activation of gene transcription. Cellular actions include promotion or suppression of inflammation, immunity and carcinogenesis. ROS help the ...
Wang Hairong - - 2013
The Homo sapiens charged multivesicular body protein 5 (CHMP5) is a member of the multivesicular body, which serves as an anti-apoptotic protein and is thought to participate in leukemogenesis. In this study, a short-hairpin RNA-based RNA interference approach was used to inhibit the expression of CHMP5 in the leukemic cell ...
Gruden James F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. High resolution CT (HRCT) is diagnostic of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) if honeycombing is present. However, biopsy-proven UIP also occurs in patients without honeycombing. Identification of specific HRCT patterns may enable specific diagnosis and allow more patients to enter clinical trials. Pattern may also predict prognosis. We sought to ...
Svoboda Tomislav - - 2013
Reports suggest that repeat users of detoxification services are less likely to get rehabilitated. The goal of this study is to determine rates and predictors of detoxification unit visits among individuals who are chronically homeless with severe drinking problems compared to those who are housed and in the general homeless ...
Feldman Ross D - - 2013
Control rates for hypertension have dramatically improved during the past 2 decades-especially in Canada. However, hypertension remains one of the top risk factors for premature death globally. Furthermore, one-third of Canadians with hypertension have not obtained adequate blood pressure control. Most of these patients have resistant hypertension with uncontrolled blood ...
Kaufman-Shriqui Vered - - 2013
The prevalence and manifestation of posttraumatic stress symptoms in young children may differ from that observed in adults. This study examined sociodemographic, familial, and psychosomatic correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among preschool children and their mothers who had been exposed to ongoing missile attacks in the Gaza war. One ...
Raina Amit - - 2013
: The distribution of IgG4 plasma cells in colonic mucosa, its significance, and relation to disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unclear. We systematically evaluated IgG4 cell distribution in colonic mucosal biopsies of patients with IBD and correlated histological findings with disease pattern and mucosal inflammation. ...
Gros Daniel F - - 2013
Comorbid substance use disorders and mood and anxiety disorders are associated with more severe psychiatric symptoms, social and occupational impairment, and economic burden. To date, the majority of research has focused on comorbidity in illicit drug users, rather than prescription drug users. To address this gap in the literature, the ...
Debelak Kimber - - 2013
Research has indicated that the buprenorphine-mono product yields maternal outcomes similar to methadone and a less severe neonatal abstinence syndrome. However, maternal and neonatal outcomes following buprenorphine + naloxone exposure during pregnancy have not been documented. Retrospective chart review identified 10 opioid-dependent pregnant women treated with the buprenorphine + naloxone film product between January, ...
Subbarao Nagesh T - - 2013
Background: Varicose veins and its dermatological complications like stasis dermatitis, ulcers, spontaneous bleeding are commonly seen in the dermatology clinics. Surgery has been the most often used treatment for varicose veins. Sclerotherapy refers to introduction of sclerosing solution into the varicose veins, which causes endothelial damage and subsequent fibrosis. Sclerotherapy ...
Cao Bing-Sheng - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to describe the findings of juxtapleural pulmonary tuberculoma on contrast-enhanced sonography and investigate their correlation with histologic findings. Methods- From April 2008 to April 2012, 21 patients with biopsy or clinically proven juxtapleural pulmonary tuberculomas underwent contrast-enhanced sonography with an intravenous bolus injection ...
Ryan Caitriona - - 2013
The intermittent use of dilute sodium hypochlorite "bleach baths" has shown efficacy as adjunctive therapy for atopic dermatitis (AD). This feasibility study evaluated the clinical response and patient acceptability of treatment with a cleansing body wash containing sodium hypochlorite in children with AD. This was a 12-week open-label feasibility study ...
Branch Kelley R - - 2013
Coronary CT angiography has high sensitivity, but modest specificity, to detect acute coronary syndrome. We studied whether adding resting CT myocardial perfusion imaging improved the detection of acute coronary syndrome. Patients with low-to-intermediate cardiac risk presenting with possible acute coronary syndrome received both the standard of care evaluation and a ...
Tramontano Angela C - - 2013
A subset of patients with stage IA and IB non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is ineligible for surgical resection and undergoes radiation therapy. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and stereotactic body radiotherapy are newer potentially attractive alternative therapies. We added RFA and stereotactic body radiotherapy treatment modules to a microsimulation model that ...
Berghoff Anna S - - 2013
A large number of potential tissue biomarkers has been proposed for brain tumors. However, hardly any have been adopted for routine clinical use, so far. For most candidate biomarkers substantial controversy exists with regard to their usefulness in clinical practice. The multidisciplinary neurooncology taskforce of the Vienna Comprehensive Cancer Center ...
Yu Fenfen - - 2013
To investigate the effects of sodium hyaluronate (SH) on ocular surface toxicity induced by benzalkonium chloride (BAC)-preserved latanoprost. Twenty-one white rabbits (42 eyes) were randomly divided into three groups. The control group was untreated. The two experimental groups were treated with 0.02% BAC-containing latanoprost once a day combined with unpreserved ...
Lee Kyungmouk Steve - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to determine the overall proportion of clinically worrisome and benign pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) occurring in patients with cancer and to evaluate associated risk factors and CT features. We retrospectively studied the CT examinations of 84 patients treated at our tertiary cancer center. Reviewers who ...
Hartman Christie - - 2013
We tested one of Cloninger's temperament theories - that high novelty seeking (NS), along with low harm avoidance (HA), reward dependence (RD), and persistence (PE), predicts early-onset substance problems. In a community-based sample of 777 adolescents examined at two time points (mean age 13 and 18, respectively), we examined whether ...
Dashek Ryan J - - 2013
Outer retinal injury has been well described in glaucoma. To better understand the source of this injury, we wanted to develop a reliable model of partial retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axotomy. Endodiathermy spots were placed along the inferior 180° adjacent to the optic nerve margin in the right eyes of ...
Beland Michael D MD Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the variability of attenuation measurements in a water phantom included in the FOV during multiphase 64-MDCT. Ninety-seven consecutively registered patients undergoing multiphase kidney and liver protocol CT of the abdomen on the same 64-MDCT scanner had a sealed water bottle placed on ...
Floras John S JS University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital Division of Cardiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
Blood pressure is a continuous, not a static, variable. Individuals exhibiting similar clinic or home blood pressure can differ considerably with respect to their average day and nighttime values, beat-by-beat blood pressure variation during wakefulness and sleep, responses to mental and physical stimuli, and intersession and seasonal variation. There now ...
Birdee Gurjeet S GS Division of General Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. - - 2013
To characterize factors associated with physical inactivity among employees with access to workplace wellness program. We examined data on physical inactivity, defined as exercise less than once a week, from the 2010 health risk assessment completed by employees at a major academic institution (N = 16,976). Among employees, 18% of ...
Hill Kevin P KP Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2013
We assessed the feasibility of a new cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) manual, plus transdermal patch nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), to treat co-occurring nicotine and cannabis dependence. Seven of 12 (58.3%) adults with DSM-IV diagnoses of both nicotine and cannabis dependence completed 10 weeks of individual CBT and NRT. Participants smoked ...
Saindane Amit M AM Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2013
Although often incidental, the "empty" sella turcica can reflect chronically elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). It is particularly common in the setting of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). This study evaluated which clinical and MRI findings could be used to differentiate patients with chronically elevated ICP from those with incidental empty sella ...
Chakravorty Subhajit S MIRECC VISN-4, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
Patients with alcohol dependence presenting for treatment may have multiple associated co-morbid conditions and limited social supports, which complicate treatment. Each of these factors has been independently associated with complaints of insomnia. In this preliminary study, we investigated the relations between insomnia complaints and socio-demographic factors and psychiatric co-morbidity in ...
Chang Sandy S Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology at Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. - - 2013
Alterations in the single-stranded telomere-binding protein POT1 have recently been identified in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. This discovery provides novel insights into how genomic instability induced by dysfunctional telomeres contributes to tumorigenesis.
Mohan Kabhilan K Iowa City Veterans Administration Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Visual Loss, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2013
To evaluate retina and optic nerve damage following experimental blast injury. Healthy adult mice were exposed to an overpressure blast wave using a custom-built blast chamber. The effects of blast exposure on retina and optic nerve function and structure were evaluated using the pattern electroretinogram (pERG), spectral domain optical coherence ...
Kamada Nobuhiko N Department of Pathology and Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, Michigan, - - 2013
The mammalian intestine is colonized by trillions of microorganisms, most of which are bacteria that have co-evolved with the host in a symbiotic relationship. The collection of microbial populations that reside on and in the host is commonly referred to as the microbiota. A principal function of the microbiota is ...
Park Jae-Hyung - - 2013
Green tea extract (GTE) is regarded to be effective against obesity and type 2 diabetes, but definitive evidences have not been proven. Based on the assumption that the gallated catechins (GCs) in GTE attenuate intestinal glucose and lipid absorption, while enhancing insulin resistance when GCs are present in the circulation ...
Gollnick I - - 2013
PROBLEM DEFINITION: Increasing specialization can be observed in the various medical fields and as a consequence there is little professional exchange between ear nose and throat (ENT) specialists and general practitioners. At the same time there has been significant technological development in telemedicine over the last 5 years; however, this potential ...
Wyen H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The German National Surgical Trial Network (CHIR-Net) which has been funded since 2006 by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF, funding code 01GH1001A-01GH1001F, 01GH0702) is made up of eight regional surgical centers. The aim of the CHIR-Net is the design, implementation and publication of prospective, randomized, multicenter ...
Rüßler H - - 2013
The social and political participation of elderly people is characterized by social inequality. Participation processes normally consolidate and intensify the exclusion of senior citizens having low incomes and low educational qualifications. In the research and development project "Quality of Life of Elderly People in Living Quarters" being conducted by Dortmund ...
Schülein S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In order to develop and coordinate an integrated plan for treatment of hospitalized elderly patients in danger of future falls it is of utmost importance to ensure using the assessment that best targets people who are at risk for falling. For this purpose the performance-oriented mobility assessment (POMA) and ...
Haisch A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are very few studies analyzing the functional und audiological results of tympanoplasty type I using pure perichondrium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 80 randomly selected patients, who had tympanoplasty surgery between 1998 and 2008 with pure perichondrium were evaluated retrospectively. Average postoperative follow-up was 9 months. The preoperative- and ...
Becher K - - 2013
A multidisciplinary German expert group met in 2012 to discuss the current status and prospects of health care of geriatric patients with urinary incontinence in Germany. The purpose of this position paper is to raise awareness among health care providers for the challenges associated with adequate management of urinary incontinence ...
Schiel S - - 2013
The case of a 7-year-old boy suffering from progressive submental/submandibular swelling is reported. Following clinical and imaging diagnostics (MRI), the suspected diagnosis of a sublingual-plunging ranula was made. Surgery was performed with transoral excision of the sublingual gland in combination with excision of the ranula. Additional submandibular gland excision should ...
Schirren J - - 2013
Lung cancer is localized in the upper lobes in more than half of the cases. The risk of tumor infiltration of centrally located structures, such as bronchi and vessels are enhanced due to the anatomic topography. Pneumonectomy competes with sleeve resection for the surgical resection of centrally located tumors. The ...
Ahmed Sofia - - 2013
Solid-state properties of tolfenamic acid (TA) and its complexes with chitosan (CT) have been studied. Effect of medium pH, molecular weight of polymer and its different concentrations on these TA-CT complexes were studied in detail. Low and medium molecular weight CT have been used in different ratios at pH ranging ...
Barg A - - 2013
Both arthroscopic and open surgical techniques may be used for treatment of osteochondral lesions of the ankle joint. Osteotomy around the ankle joint is a well established technique to extend the approach in cases where the osteochondral lesions are located more posteriorly. Medial, oblique, monoplanar malleolar osteotomy should be used ...
Möller A - - 2013
Social inequality in Germany is discussed primarily with regard to educational or social welfare issues. There is a political consensus that more action should be taken to ensure equality of chances and fulfillment of basic needs for everyone. In long-term care these considerations have not yet taken place and there ...
McGonigle Barry - - 2013
Barry McGonigle was installed as the new President of the British Dental Association at the 2013 British Dental Conference and Exhibition held in ExCeL, London on 25-27th April 2013. The following is his presidential address.
Inomata Takeshi - - 2013
The spread of plaza-pyramid complexes across southern Mesoamerica during the early Middle Preclassic period (1000 to 700 BCE) provides critical information regarding the origins of lowland Maya civilization and the role of the Gulf Coast Olmec. Recent excavations at the Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala, documented the growth of a ...
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