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Stoeckli Sandro J - - 2013
The International Conference on Innovative Approaches in Head and Neck Oncology is a biennial joint meeting under the auspices of the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology, the European Head and Neck Society and the European Society of Medical Oncology. The conference focuses on recent developments in head and neck ...
Werner Kent - - 2013
Planning and license applications concerning groundwater diversion in areas containing water-dependent or water-favored habitats must take into account both hydrological effects and associated ecological consequences. There is at present no established methodology to assess such ecohydrological responses. Thus, this paper describes a new stepwise methodology to assess ecohydrological responses to ...
Westermeyer Joe - - 2013
The aim of the study was to estimate prevalence rates of pathological gambling and problem gambling among veterans receiving VA care, since several studies have suggested that VA patients may be at increased risk to these conditions. consisted of 1,999 veterans randomly selected from VA centers and community clinics in ...
Shvil Erel - - 2013
As presently defined, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an amalgam of symptoms falling into: re-experiencing of the trauma, avoidance of reminders of it, emotional numbing and hyperarousal. PTSD has a well-known proximate cause, commonly occurring after a life-threatening event that induces a response of intense fear, horror, and helplessness. Much ...
Ueda Naoyasu - - 2013
: Anti-tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNF-α) agents have been successfully applied for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and other chronic inflammatory diseases. Not only the neutralization of soluble TNF-α but also the effect on transmembrane TNF-α is important mechanisms of action of anti-TNF-α agents. This study investigated the ...
Ma Shengchao - - 2013
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and has a strong correlation with heart failure. However, the effects of HHcy on cardiac tissue remain less well understood. To elucidate the role of p53-dependent apoptosis in HHcy-induced cardiac injury, we fed ApoE(-/-) mice with high methionine diet to establish ...
Abenavoli Ludovico - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common and serious disease. Literature reports the central role of the gut-liver axis in the pathogenesis of NAFLD, and recently suggests that the microbiota is a casual factor of the disease, involved in the interactions between intestinal lumen and liver. Probiotic are commensal ...
Woo Sungmin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the prevalence of segmental enhancement inversion of small renal oncocytomas according to tumor size. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Thirty-three patients (19 men, 14 women; mean age, 61 years; range, 40-74 years) with 33 oncocytomas diagnosed at surgical resection who had undergone ...
Chen Baiyu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using iterative reconstructions in hepatic CT to improve the precision of Hounsfield unit quantification, which is the degree to which repeated measurements under unchanged conditions provide consistent results. MATERIALS AND METHODS. An anthropomorphic liver phantom with iodinated lesions ...
Asai Satomi - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between the sonographic characteristics of the submandibular glands and organ involvement at the initial presentation in patients with immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease. Methods- We conducted a retrospective study that included 15 patients who had bilateral swollen submandibular glands and ...
Hamadani Fadi T - - 2013
The implementation of work hour restrictions across North America have resulted in decreased levels of self injury and medical errors for Residents. An arbitration ruling in Quebec has led to further curtailment of work hours beyond that proposed by the ACGME. This may threaten Resident quality of life and in ...
Lieveld Faydra I - - 2013
Introduction. Poor adherence to treatment for various chronic diseases is a frequent phenomenon. Current guidelines for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) recommend optimal adherence, since it has been suggested that poor adherence is associated with an increased risk of virological failure. We aimed to ...
Shuman William P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to compare three CT image reconstruction algorithms for liver lesion detection and appearance, subjective lesion conspicuity, and measured noise. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Thirty-six patients with known liver lesions were scanned with a routine clinical three-phase CT protocol using a weight-based noise index of ...
Tavlasoglu Murat - - 2013
Increased patient awareness, duty-hour restrictions, escalating costs, and time constraints in the operating room have revolutionized surgical education. A bovine heart model was designed for training in mitral valve repair procedures. In this article, we aimed to share our experience with this model and to test the validity of simulation ...
Yang Yujie - - 2013
Taurine, a conditionally essential amino acid, plays a critical role in cardiovascular function. Here we examined the effect of taurine on mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum in rat cardiomyocytes during glucose deprivation (GD). Data showed that cell viability, intracellular taurine contents, and taurine transporter expression were decreased during GD. In contrast, ...
Galyfos George - - 2013
We conducted a comparison of postoperative cardiac damage, defined as cardiac troponin I (cTn-I) elevation, after carotid endarterectomy in low- and high-risk patients. The Stenting and Angioplasty with Protection in Patients at High Risk for Endarterectomy (SAPPHIRE) criteria for stratifying patients considered for carotid endarterectomy into low and high surgical ...
Madke Bhushan - - 2013
Dermatopathology involves study of the microscopic morphology of skin sections. It mirrors pathophysiologic changes occurring at the microscopic level in the skin and its appendages. Sometimes, we come across certain morphologic features that bear a close resemblance to our physical world. These close resemblances are referred to as "appearances" in ...
Xue Ru - - 2013
Background: With an incidence ranging from 0.01% to 1.0%, renal artery pseudoaneurysm (RAP) is a rare complication after renal biopsy, percutaneous renal surgery, penetrating trauma, and rarely blunt renal trauma. Methods: Percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) of native kidneys was performed in 1,500 pediatric patients under real-time ultrasonographic guidance at our ...
Lee James A - - 2013
Crizotinib is a first-in-class oral anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor targeting ALK-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer. The therapy was approved by the US FDA in August 2011 and received conditional marketing approval by the European Commission in October 2012 for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. A break-apart FISH-based assay was jointly approved ...
Don Steven - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this review is to summarize 10 steps a practice can take to manage radiation exposure in pediatric digital radiography. CONCLUSION. The Image Gently campaign raises awareness of opportunities for lowering radiation dose while maintaining diagnostic quality of images of children. The newest initiative in the campaign, ...
Allerton F J W - - 2013
To retrospectively assess the relationship between bronchoalveolar lavage fluid analysis and lung function parameters as assessed by means of barometric whole body plethysmography and airway responsiveness testing in cats with chronic bronchial disease and to evaluate the potential application of barometric whole body plethysmography and airway responsiveness testing to distinguish ...
Yu Shi - - 2013
Background and purpose. The application of nucleos(t)ide analogues in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) has not yet been widely accepted. Therefore, we conducted a metaanalysis of prospective and retrospective studies to examine the efficacy and safety of nucleos(t)ide analogues in treating HBV-related ACLF. Material and methods. Two ...
Oates M Elizabeth - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. During the 20th century, radiologists enjoyed relationships with clinicians and patients through daily face-to-face communication. As specialist consultants, radiologists were naturally integral members of the care team. CONCLUSION. The widespread availability of information technology, notably PACS, has disrupted the fundamental radiologist-clinician axis. New generations of radiologists must respond to ...
Borja Maria J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Our objective is to review the imaging characteristics and applications of conventional and advanced neuroimaging techniques of supratentorial intracranial masses in the pediatric population. Specifically, we review astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, primary neuroectodermal tumors, dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors, gangliogliomas, arachnoid cysts, and choroid plexus and pineal region masses. CONCLUSION. Advanced imaging methods, ...
Xie Shao Wei - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, prostate volume, and PSA density on prostate cancer detection with contrast-enhanced sonography using contrast-tuned imaging technology compared with baseline imaging (combination of grayscale and power Doppler imaging). Methods- In all, 161 patients ...
Berglund Sten - - 2013
This paper describes solute transport modeling carried out as a part of an assessment of the long-term radiological safety of a planned deep rock repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark, Sweden. Specifically, it presents transport modeling performed to locate and describe discharge areas for groundwater potentially carrying radionuclides from ...
Hirayuki Enomoto - - 2013
Background. The relationships between the metabolic parameters and the endoscopic findings of esophageal varices have been poorly investigated. We investigated the association of the branched-chain amino acids to tyrosine ratio (BTR) with the severity of liver fibrosis and esophageal varices. Material and methods. We studied hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive chronic ...
Chudakoff Jeffrey H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine the reach, appeal, and learning effectiveness of a Web-based pediatric radiology curriculum with attention to level of training, test format, program size, subspecialty, and country of study. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Registration demographics, the 10-point evaluation form, and pre- and posttest scores ...
Wei Shu-Qin - - 2013
The objective of the study was to examine the associations of maternal plasma levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with angiogenesis and endothelial dysfunction indicators: soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), placental growth factor (PlGF), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and risk of preeclampsia. In this prospective cohort study ...
Huang Yu-Len - - 2013
Because malignant and benign breast tumors show different shapes and sizes on sonography, information about tumor shapes and sizes is important for clinical diagnosis. Since sonograms include noise and tissue texture, accurate clinical diagnosis is highly dependent on clinical experience and expertise. However, manually sketching a 3-dimensional (3D) breast tumor ...
Yang Rachel L - - 2013
The virtual patient (VP) is a web-based tool that allows students to test their clinical decision-making skills using simulated patients. Three VP cases were developed using commercially available software to simulate common surgical scenarios. Surgical clerks volunteered to complete VP cases. Upon case completion, an individual performance score (IPS, 0-100) ...
Sohlenius Gustav - - 2013
To assist transport modeling in assessments of the radiological impact of a geological repository for radioactive wastes, the mobility of various elements was studied in arable and wetland soils in the Forsmark region, Sweden. Pore water and total element contents were determined for five types of unconsolidated deposits (regolith), spanning ...
Ronsoni Marcelo Fernando - - 2013
Background. IGF-I and IGFBP-3 are part of IGF system and, due to their predominantly hepatic synthesis, they seem to correlate with hepatic dysfunction intensity. Aims. To investigate the significance of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in patients with decompensated liver disease. Material and methods. Cross-sectional study that included cirrhotic patients admitted to ...
Ngo Anh-Vu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. To determine which factors might influence the detection of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), we retrospectively reviewed factors including fluoroscopy time, number of true radiographic acquisitions, and patient characteristics from a large number of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Nine hundred eighty-seven VCUG examinations performed between March 2006 and ...
Diop Abdoulay Dione - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and diagnostic performance of an unenhanced MR angiography sequence (Syngo Native Space, Siemens Healthcare) to detect and quantify lower-limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD), with gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) as the reference standard. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty-one patients known to ...
Barel Oshri - - 2013
Objectives- The primary aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of sonographic fetal weight estimation models. The secondary aim was to define the most accurate time (4-7 or 3 days before delivery) for evaluating fetal weight. Methods- In this retrospective cohort study, a total of 12,798 sonographic fetal ...
Shaw Heather M - - 2013
The incidence of malignant melanoma is increasing annually. Early stages can be cured with surgical intervention but metastatic disease has generally had a dismal prognosis with few effective interventions. A half of all melanomas possess a BRAF mutation, which can be targeted by specific inhibitors. Vemurafenib is an orally active, ...
Shin Joyce J - - 2013
Fifty endocrine surgery (ES) fellows have completed their training since the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons initiated a formal match process in 2007. This study was designed to better understand the job prospects of current and future endocrine surgeons and to evaluate the evolution of ES practices nationwide. Three surveys ...
Bossard Matthias - - 2013
An irregular pulse is a common finding in daily clinical practice. The underlying rhythm disorders are influenced by the patient's age, cardiac history and other comorbidities. It is of paramount importance to discriminate benign discoveries from potentially harmful heart rhythm disorders. The primary diagnostic approach is a thorough clinical examination ...
Kumar Vijay - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in Crohn's disease (CD) have identified associations with single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11175593 at chromosome 12q12. The MUC19 and LRRK2 genes reside close to the GWAS signal, but it is as yet unclear which of the 2 genes represent the CD susceptibility genes. METHODS:: We studied ...
- - 2013
Background. The incidence of liver cirrhosis is significantly high in Latin population. The high prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD is likely partially responsible for these figures. Liver biopsy is not a practical diagnostic option in this scenario. The validation of noninvasive markers of fibrosis is important in populations ...
Kidorf Michael - - 2013
The present study evaluated changes in rates of self-reported heroin and cocaine use in opioid-dependent individuals newly registered to a syringe exchange program (SEP), and examined the effects of recovery-oriented longitudinal variables (i.e., substance abuse treatment, self-help group participation, employment) on changes in drug use. Study participants (n = 240) were opioid-dependent ...
Unruh Kenneth P - - 2013
Patients have identified the knowledge of a physician's level of training as important. Previous studies show equally poor patient's understanding of the medical education hierarchy. Given the importance to the patient and the possible effect on patient satisfaction, it is critical to evaluate patient's understanding of the orthopedic educational hierarchy. ...
Gyftopoulos Soterios - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to define and correlate the appearance of the rotator cable on MRI with arthroscopy, band-saw cadaveric sections, and histology. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Two cadaveric shoulders underwent 3-T MRI, band-sawing, and histologic evaluation. Three readers evaluated the MRI for the presence of the cable, ...
Näslund Jens-Ove - - 2013
For a deep geological repository for spent nuclear fuel planned in Sweden, the safety assessment covers up to 1 million years. Climate scenarios range from high-end global warming for the coming 100 000 years, through deep permafrost, to large ice sheets during glacial conditions. In contrast, in an existing repository for short-lived waste ...
da Silva Machado Adriana Gonçalves - - 2013
Introduction. Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) is an accurate predictor of mortality in patients with cirrhosis, and has been used on liver allocation in Brazil since 2006. However, its impact on organ allocation, waiting list and post-transplant mortality is still poorly characterized. This study aimed to assess the impact ...
Viertel Valentina G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to assess compliance among academic neuroradiologists in reporting institutionally derived critical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We analyzed 3054 neuroradiology CT and MRI reports generated in 1 month. Reports were categorized by whether or not they contained a critical finding based on a previously ...
Cheng Weiwei - - 2013
Dedifferentiated thyroid cancer is often incurable because it does not respond to radioiodine. This study aimed to investigate iodide uptake and the expressions of thyroid-specific molecules after the transfection of human thyrotropin receptor (hTSHR) gene in poorly differentiated follicular thyroid cancer cell line (FTC-133). pGC-FU-hTSHR-GFP-lentivirus and pGC-FU-GFP-lentivirus were added into ...
French Judith C - - 2013
Student empowerment of curriculum changes is a double-edged sword. When examining our third-year surgery course every year, we debate where the line is between improving education through student input against allowing the students to design "an easy course." Written student comments on end-of-course evaluations (from the academic years 2006-2007 to ...
Hug Balthasar L - - 2013
Adrenal incidentalomas (AI) are defined as neoplasias of the adrenal of =/> 1 cm diameter randomly diagnosed in radiographic imaging such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In literature, their prevalence ranges from 0.81 % to 6 % depending on the cohort and age of patients analyzed. ...
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