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Krähenbühl Stephan - - 2013
Elevated transaminases in asymptomatic patients can be detected in more than 5 % of the investigations. If there are no obvious reasons, the finding should be confirmed within the next 3 months. Frequent causes are non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), alcohol, hepatitis B or C, hemochromatosis and ...
Go Michael R - - 2013
The midaortic syndrome (MAS) refers to descending thoracic and abdominal aortic coarctation, which is rare and most common in the pediatric population. Open surgical repair, often with aortoaortic bypass, remains a highly effective treatment and is traditionally thought to be definitive despite concerns over patient growth postoperatively. This article presents ...
Scherer Michael - - 2013
The current study examined how drinking severity among injection and non-injection drug users is associated with sex risk behaviors and risk of HIV exposure. The study is a secondary analysis of an investigation of risk factors among drug users in Baltimore known as the NEURO-HIV epidemiologic study. Participants (N = 557) completed ...
Logan Alexander G - - 2013
Achieving and sustaining good blood pressure control continues to be a challenge for many reasons including nonadherence with prescribed treatment and lifestyle measures, shortage of primary care physicians especially in less populated areas, and variations in physicians' practice behaviour. Many strategies have been advocated to improve outcomes with the greatest ...
Armstrong Thomas - - 2013
Although several studies have documented an attentional bias toward threat in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the nature of this bias has not been clearly delineated. The present study utilized eye tracking technology to delineate the time course and components of attentional bias for threat cues in combat-related PTSD. Veterans with ...
Patel Anisha B - - 2013
Acquired pigmentary disorders are group of heterogenous entities that share single, most significant, clinical feature, that is, dyspigmentation. Asians and Indians, in particular, are mostly affected. Although the classic morphologies and common treatment options of these conditions have been reviewed in the global dermatology literature, the value of histpathological evaluation ...
Reingold Laura - - 2013
: The peptidoglycan-polysaccharide (PGPS) model using inbred rats closely mimics Crohn's disease. Our aim was to identify mouse strains that develop ileocolitis in response to bowel wall injection with PGPS. Mouse strains studied included NOD2 knockout animals, RICK/RIP2 knockout animals, and genetically inbred strains that are susceptible to inflammation. Mice ...
Janssen Mikhael - - 2013
Arteriovenous fistula of the superficial temporal artery is quite rare. If it occurs, it is most often caused by trauma to the temporal region where the artery is very superficial to the skin. We present the first reported case of an arteriovenous fistula after temporal artery biopsy and review the ...
Liu Sam - - 2013
Elevated blood pressure is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Internet-based interventions (e-counselling) have the potential to deliver a wide range of preventive counselling services. The purpose of this review was to (1) assess the efficacy of e-counselling in reducing blood pressure and (2) identify key components ...
Patel Anisha B - - 2013
Acquired hypopigmentary disorders comprise a significant group of disorders that affect Indians and Asians. The pigment disturbance in darker skin individuals can be very distressing to the patient and the family. These disorders cover a wide array of pathologies including infections, autoimmune processes, lymphoproliferative disorders, and sclerosing diseases. Histological diagnosis ...
Irace Luigi - - 2013
Stroke of unknown origin in young patients is seen to be closely correlated with patent foramen ovale (PFO) than stroke in patients with established stroke mechanisms. We report a case of a young woman without cardiovascular risk factors who was admitted to our emergency department with listlessness and altered mental ...
Singh Avninder - - 2013
Leprosy, cutaneous leishmaniasis, and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis are common infectious diseases, the latter two being seen mainly in endemic areas. With increased migration within the country, these diseases are now frequently being seen in major cities. This brief review article focused mainly on histopathology will be useful for the dermatologists ...
Black Michelle T - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. T-fastener gastropexy is a step in percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy in which the stomach is fastened to the abdominal wall. Minor complications of gastropexy are often related to the prolonged presence of T-fastener sutures. We describe a new technique for gastropexy using absorbable sutures placed subcutaneously, as opposed to the ...
Zask Arie - - 2013
Selected examples of natural product and drug atropisomers that exhibit stereoselectivity towards receptor and enzyme targets are reviewed. The atropisomeric preference of the receptors and enzyme binding domains makes these agents attractive molecules for drug development in the treatment of various diseases. Included are commonly recognized atropisomers containing a chiral ...
Stoeckli Sandro J - - 2013
The International Conference on Innovative Approaches in Head and Neck Oncology is a biennial joint meeting under the auspices of the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology, the European Head and Neck Society and the European Society of Medical Oncology. The conference focuses on recent developments in head and neck ...
Werner Kent - - 2013
Planning and license applications concerning groundwater diversion in areas containing water-dependent or water-favored habitats must take into account both hydrological effects and associated ecological consequences. There is at present no established methodology to assess such ecohydrological responses. Thus, this paper describes a new stepwise methodology to assess ecohydrological responses to ...
Westermeyer Joe - - 2013
The aim of the study was to estimate prevalence rates of pathological gambling and problem gambling among veterans receiving VA care, since several studies have suggested that VA patients may be at increased risk to these conditions. consisted of 1,999 veterans randomly selected from VA centers and community clinics in ...
Shvil Erel - - 2013
As presently defined, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an amalgam of symptoms falling into: re-experiencing of the trauma, avoidance of reminders of it, emotional numbing and hyperarousal. PTSD has a well-known proximate cause, commonly occurring after a life-threatening event that induces a response of intense fear, horror, and helplessness. Much ...
Ueda Naoyasu - - 2013
: Anti-tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNF-α) agents have been successfully applied for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and other chronic inflammatory diseases. Not only the neutralization of soluble TNF-α but also the effect on transmembrane TNF-α is important mechanisms of action of anti-TNF-α agents. This study investigated the ...
Ma Shengchao - - 2013
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and has a strong correlation with heart failure. However, the effects of HHcy on cardiac tissue remain less well understood. To elucidate the role of p53-dependent apoptosis in HHcy-induced cardiac injury, we fed ApoE(-/-) mice with high methionine diet to establish ...
Abenavoli Ludovico - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common and serious disease. Literature reports the central role of the gut-liver axis in the pathogenesis of NAFLD, and recently suggests that the microbiota is a casual factor of the disease, involved in the interactions between intestinal lumen and liver. Probiotic are commensal ...
Woo Sungmin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the prevalence of segmental enhancement inversion of small renal oncocytomas according to tumor size. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Thirty-three patients (19 men, 14 women; mean age, 61 years; range, 40-74 years) with 33 oncocytomas diagnosed at surgical resection who had undergone ...
Chen Baiyu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using iterative reconstructions in hepatic CT to improve the precision of Hounsfield unit quantification, which is the degree to which repeated measurements under unchanged conditions provide consistent results. MATERIALS AND METHODS. An anthropomorphic liver phantom with iodinated lesions ...
Asai Satomi - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between the sonographic characteristics of the submandibular glands and organ involvement at the initial presentation in patients with immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease. Methods- We conducted a retrospective study that included 15 patients who had bilateral swollen submandibular glands and ...
Hamadani Fadi T - - 2013
The implementation of work hour restrictions across North America have resulted in decreased levels of self injury and medical errors for Residents. An arbitration ruling in Quebec has led to further curtailment of work hours beyond that proposed by the ACGME. This may threaten Resident quality of life and in ...
Lieveld Faydra I - - 2013
Introduction. Poor adherence to treatment for various chronic diseases is a frequent phenomenon. Current guidelines for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) recommend optimal adherence, since it has been suggested that poor adherence is associated with an increased risk of virological failure. We aimed to ...
Shuman William P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to compare three CT image reconstruction algorithms for liver lesion detection and appearance, subjective lesion conspicuity, and measured noise. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Thirty-six patients with known liver lesions were scanned with a routine clinical three-phase CT protocol using a weight-based noise index of ...
Tavlasoglu Murat - - 2013
Increased patient awareness, duty-hour restrictions, escalating costs, and time constraints in the operating room have revolutionized surgical education. A bovine heart model was designed for training in mitral valve repair procedures. In this article, we aimed to share our experience with this model and to test the validity of simulation ...
Yang Yujie - - 2013
Taurine, a conditionally essential amino acid, plays a critical role in cardiovascular function. Here we examined the effect of taurine on mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum in rat cardiomyocytes during glucose deprivation (GD). Data showed that cell viability, intracellular taurine contents, and taurine transporter expression were decreased during GD. In contrast, ...
Galyfos George - - 2013
We conducted a comparison of postoperative cardiac damage, defined as cardiac troponin I (cTn-I) elevation, after carotid endarterectomy in low- and high-risk patients. The Stenting and Angioplasty with Protection in Patients at High Risk for Endarterectomy (SAPPHIRE) criteria for stratifying patients considered for carotid endarterectomy into low and high surgical ...
Madke Bhushan - - 2013
Dermatopathology involves study of the microscopic morphology of skin sections. It mirrors pathophysiologic changes occurring at the microscopic level in the skin and its appendages. Sometimes, we come across certain morphologic features that bear a close resemblance to our physical world. These close resemblances are referred to as "appearances" in ...
Xue Ru - - 2013
Background: With an incidence ranging from 0.01% to 1.0%, renal artery pseudoaneurysm (RAP) is a rare complication after renal biopsy, percutaneous renal surgery, penetrating trauma, and rarely blunt renal trauma. Methods: Percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) of native kidneys was performed in 1,500 pediatric patients under real-time ultrasonographic guidance at our ...
Lee James A - - 2013
Crizotinib is a first-in-class oral anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor targeting ALK-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer. The therapy was approved by the US FDA in August 2011 and received conditional marketing approval by the European Commission in October 2012 for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. A break-apart FISH-based assay was jointly approved ...
Don Steven - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this review is to summarize 10 steps a practice can take to manage radiation exposure in pediatric digital radiography. CONCLUSION. The Image Gently campaign raises awareness of opportunities for lowering radiation dose while maintaining diagnostic quality of images of children. The newest initiative in the campaign, ...
Allerton F J W - - 2013
To retrospectively assess the relationship between bronchoalveolar lavage fluid analysis and lung function parameters as assessed by means of barometric whole body plethysmography and airway responsiveness testing in cats with chronic bronchial disease and to evaluate the potential application of barometric whole body plethysmography and airway responsiveness testing to distinguish ...
Yu Shi - - 2013
Background and purpose. The application of nucleos(t)ide analogues in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) has not yet been widely accepted. Therefore, we conducted a metaanalysis of prospective and retrospective studies to examine the efficacy and safety of nucleos(t)ide analogues in treating HBV-related ACLF. Material and methods. Two ...
Oates M Elizabeth - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. During the 20th century, radiologists enjoyed relationships with clinicians and patients through daily face-to-face communication. As specialist consultants, radiologists were naturally integral members of the care team. CONCLUSION. The widespread availability of information technology, notably PACS, has disrupted the fundamental radiologist-clinician axis. New generations of radiologists must respond to ...
Borja Maria J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Our objective is to review the imaging characteristics and applications of conventional and advanced neuroimaging techniques of supratentorial intracranial masses in the pediatric population. Specifically, we review astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, primary neuroectodermal tumors, dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors, gangliogliomas, arachnoid cysts, and choroid plexus and pineal region masses. CONCLUSION. Advanced imaging methods, ...
Xie Shao Wei - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, prostate volume, and PSA density on prostate cancer detection with contrast-enhanced sonography using contrast-tuned imaging technology compared with baseline imaging (combination of grayscale and power Doppler imaging). Methods- In all, 161 patients ...
Berglund Sten - - 2013
This paper describes solute transport modeling carried out as a part of an assessment of the long-term radiological safety of a planned deep rock repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark, Sweden. Specifically, it presents transport modeling performed to locate and describe discharge areas for groundwater potentially carrying radionuclides from ...
Hirayuki Enomoto - - 2013
Background. The relationships between the metabolic parameters and the endoscopic findings of esophageal varices have been poorly investigated. We investigated the association of the branched-chain amino acids to tyrosine ratio (BTR) with the severity of liver fibrosis and esophageal varices. Material and methods. We studied hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive chronic ...
Chudakoff Jeffrey H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine the reach, appeal, and learning effectiveness of a Web-based pediatric radiology curriculum with attention to level of training, test format, program size, subspecialty, and country of study. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Registration demographics, the 10-point evaluation form, and pre- and posttest scores ...
Wei Shu-Qin - - 2013
The objective of the study was to examine the associations of maternal plasma levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with angiogenesis and endothelial dysfunction indicators: soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), placental growth factor (PlGF), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and risk of preeclampsia. In this prospective cohort study ...
Huang Yu-Len - - 2013
Because malignant and benign breast tumors show different shapes and sizes on sonography, information about tumor shapes and sizes is important for clinical diagnosis. Since sonograms include noise and tissue texture, accurate clinical diagnosis is highly dependent on clinical experience and expertise. However, manually sketching a 3-dimensional (3D) breast tumor ...
Yang Rachel L - - 2013
The virtual patient (VP) is a web-based tool that allows students to test their clinical decision-making skills using simulated patients. Three VP cases were developed using commercially available software to simulate common surgical scenarios. Surgical clerks volunteered to complete VP cases. Upon case completion, an individual performance score (IPS, 0-100) ...
Sohlenius Gustav - - 2013
To assist transport modeling in assessments of the radiological impact of a geological repository for radioactive wastes, the mobility of various elements was studied in arable and wetland soils in the Forsmark region, Sweden. Pore water and total element contents were determined for five types of unconsolidated deposits (regolith), spanning ...
Ronsoni Marcelo Fernando - - 2013
Background. IGF-I and IGFBP-3 are part of IGF system and, due to their predominantly hepatic synthesis, they seem to correlate with hepatic dysfunction intensity. Aims. To investigate the significance of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in patients with decompensated liver disease. Material and methods. Cross-sectional study that included cirrhotic patients admitted to ...
Ngo Anh-Vu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. To determine which factors might influence the detection of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), we retrospectively reviewed factors including fluoroscopy time, number of true radiographic acquisitions, and patient characteristics from a large number of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Nine hundred eighty-seven VCUG examinations performed between March 2006 and ...
Diop Abdoulay Dione - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and diagnostic performance of an unenhanced MR angiography sequence (Syngo Native Space, Siemens Healthcare) to detect and quantify lower-limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD), with gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) as the reference standard. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty-one patients known to ...
Barel Oshri - - 2013
Objectives- The primary aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of sonographic fetal weight estimation models. The secondary aim was to define the most accurate time (4-7 or 3 days before delivery) for evaluating fetal weight. Methods- In this retrospective cohort study, a total of 12,798 sonographic fetal ...
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