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Lallas Aimilios - - 2013
Dermoscopy has become an integrative part of the clinical examination of skin tumors. This is because it significantly improves the early diagnosis of melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) including basal cell carcinoma and keratinocyte skin cancer compared with the unaided eye. Besides its value in the noninvasive diagnosis of ...
Dwarkasing Roy S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of anorectal MRI in the care of patients with chronic anal and perianal pain but without findings of abnormalities in the clinical workup. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Patients referred from a tertiary department of colorectal surgery to the MRI ...
Liang Teresa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Testicular torsion is a common acute condition in boys requiring prompt accurate management. The objective of this article was to evaluate ultrasound accuracy, findings, and clinical predictors in testicular torsion in boys presenting to the Stollery pediatric emergency department with acute scrotal pain. METHODS. Retrospective review of surgical and ...
Barry Declan T - - 2013
A paucity of studies has examined the pain experiences of opioid dependent individuals seeking office-based buprenorphine-naloxone treatment (BNT). We set out to examine, among those seeking BNT: (a) the prevalence of pain types (i.e., recent pain, chronic pain), (b) the characteristics of pain (intensity, frequency, duration, interference, location, and genesis), ...
Iida Takayuki - - 2013
: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is frequently detected in ulcerative colitis (UC) lesions of steroid-refractory patients. This has led to the suspicion that CMV might cause colitis and steroid refractoriness. : During 2003 and 2011, 187 consecutive patients were divided into group I (n = 105), corticosteroid-free and thiopurine-free in the past ...
Young Phillip M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The use of contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) as an alternative to CT angiography or conventional angiography to assess pediatric and adult patients with cardiovascular diseases has the potential to significantly reduce patients' lifetime exposure to ionizing radiation. However, imaging this group of patients can be challenging because of a ...
Ibukuro Kenji - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to clarify the hepatic artery anatomy of the left hemiliver using the fusion image of CT angiography (CTA) and CT arterial portography. MATERIALS AND METHODS. CTA and CT arterial portography were performed on a 64-MDCT scanner in 144 patients. All images were transferred ...
Espinoza Jimmy - - 2013
This study was designed to compare the work flow efficiency of manual measurements of 5 fetal parameters with a novel technique that automatically measures these parameters from 2-dimensional sonograms. This prospective study included 200 singleton pregnancies between 15 and 40 weeks' gestation. Patients were randomly allocated to either manual (n ...
Clements Wilson K - - 2013
Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are tissue-specific stem cells that replenish all mature blood lineages during the lifetime of an individual. Clinically, HSCs form the foundation of transplantation-based therapies for leukaemias and congenital blood disorders. Researchers have long been interested in understanding the normal signalling mechanisms that specify HSCs in the ...
Falcone John L - - 2013
There have been decreasing pass rates recently on the American Board of Surgery Certifying Examination (ABSCE). General surgery residents from the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, the West Penn Allegheny Health System, the Conemaugh Health System, and Mercy Hospital participate in a mock oral board examination, which is similar to ...
Galant Larissa Widholzer - - 2013
Background/aims. Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignant tumors in the world, and it typically has a poor prognosis. Extensive studies have examined the effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs selective to COX-2 on the chemoprevention of various tumors. The objective of this study is to observe the ...
Boden Matthew Tyler - - 2013
The present study is the first to explore links between PTSD and cannabis use characteristics immediately prior to a cannabis quit attempt, including motives, use problems, withdrawal, and craving. Measures of PTSD diagnosis, symptom severity, and cannabis use characteristics were administered to a sample of cannabis dependent military veterans (n = 94). ...
Hu Jie - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a microbubble contrast agent (SonoVue; Bracco SpA, Milan, Italy) on the spread of gas generated by heating during radiofrequency ablation in vivo. Methods- Radiofrequency ablation was performed with or without SonoVue on 2 areas per rabbit liver in ...
Ocampo-García Blanca E - - 2013
The α(ν)β(3) integrin is over-expressed in the tumor neovasculature and the tumor cells of glioblastomas. The HIV Tat-derived peptide has been used to deliver various cargos into cells. The aim of this research was to synthesize and assess the in vitro and in vivo uptake of (99m)Tc-N2S2-Tat(49-57)-c(RGDyK) ((99m)Tc-Tat-RGD) in α(ν)β(3) ...
Rialon Kristy L - - 2013
To design an orientation for surgical interns to meet the new Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Common Program Requirements regarding supervision, to test patient-management competencies, and to assess confidence on skills and tasks pre-orientation and post-orientation. Twenty-seven incoming surgical interns participated in a two-day orientation to clinical duties. Activities ...
Behrendt Florian F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to identify the iodine concentration that yields the highest intravascular contrast enhancement in MDCT angiography by intraindividual comparison in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Six pigs underwent repeated chest MDCT examinations under standardized conditions using the same contrast medium (iopromide) with different ...
Hirt-Minkowski Patricia - - 2013
Proteinuria is a common incidental finding in primary care. A systematic approach is necessary to differentiate benign causes of proteinuria from severe kidney diseases. Glomerular proteinuria is the predominant pathophysiologic mechanism of the three types of proteinuria (i. e. glomerular, tubular and "overflow") and usually corresponds to urinary protein excretion ...
Plaza Michael J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. In this article, we review the most common posterior fossa and suprasellar intracranial neoplasms in the pediatric population. We briefly discuss basic MRI concepts used in the initial evaluation of a pediatric brain tumor and then discuss sophisticated MRI techniques that give insight into the physiology and chemical makeup ...
do Espírito-Santo Márcia Paschoal - - 2013
Introduction. Detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been reported in extrahepatic sites such as peripheral blood mononuclear cells and platelets. Quantitation of HCV-RNA in platelets from patients under antiviral therapy has not been reported. Material and methods. HCV-RNA levels in paired serum and platelet samples of 17 chronically HCV-infected ...
Nance John W JW - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Today in the hospital setting, several functions of the radiology information system (RIS), including order entry, patient registration, report repository, and the physician directory, have moved to enterprise electronic medical records. Some observers might conclude that the RIS is going away. In this article, we contend that because of ...
Shankar Jai Jai Shiva - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Differentiation of grade 3 astrocytoma from glioblastoma multiforme can be difficult with conventional structural imaging but is important for prognosis. The purpose of this study was to assess perfusion CT in differentiating high-grade gliomas (HGGs) and their role in prognosis in the care of patients with HGG. SUBJECTS AND ...
Seitz Andrea - - 2013
Adult Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD) patients with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms may suffer more from craving than patients who only have AUD. However, craving may be even more strongly related to withdrawal and psychiatric symptoms; therefore, the association between craving and ADHD may be misinterpreted. The purpose of this ...
Gonzalez Ruben - - 2013
Objectives- To report normative data for the fetal nasal bone length (NBL), frontonasal fold (FNF) thickness, and the FNF/NBL ratio and to study their performance in the sonographic screening of trisomy 21 in a normal, unselected Latin American population. Methods- Women undergoing a routine sonographic examination between 16 and 32 ...
Lawrence Ryan E - - 2013
Society debates whether addiction is a disease, a response to psychological woundedness, or moral failing. We surveyed a national sample of 1427 US primary care physicians (PCPs) and 487 psychiatrists, asking "In your judgment, to what extent is alcoholism/drug addiction each of the following? A) a disease B) a response ...
Patel Tejas K - - 2013
Background: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare severe cutaneous drug reactions. No large scale epidemiological data are available for this disorder in India. Aims: To carry out a systematic review of the published evidence of the drug-induced SJS and TEN in Indian population. Methods: Publications from ...
Fayssoil Abdallah - - 2013
Objectives- Duchenne muscular dystrophy is an X-linked neuromuscular disorder. The heart is traditionally involved, leading to heart failure. The mdx mouse is a natural animal model of the disease. We conducted a prospective study to analyze left ventricular (LV) function in mdx mice at different ages using high-resolution Doppler echocardiography. ...
Torudd Jesper - - 2013
This study investigates whether non-human biota are protected against harmful effects of ionizing radiation after a possible future release of radioactive matter from a planned repository for spent nuclear fuel. Radiation dose rates to a broad spectrum of organisms were calculated based on data from sampled organisms and modeled activity ...
Lakshmi Chembolli - - 2013
Underlying hormone imbalances may render acne unresponsive to conventional therapy. Relevant investigations followed by initiation of hormonal therapy in combination with regular anti-acne therapy may be necessary if signs of hyperandrogenism are present. In addition to other factors, androgen-stimulated sebum production plays an important role in the pathophysiology of acne ...
Miyamoto Masahito - - 2013
Peritonitis is still the major complication associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). Microbacterium spp., a type of coryneform bacteria, is an environmental bacterium isolated from soil, waste water and animals. Human infection is rare, and only few cases have so far been reported in immunocompromised hosts, such as PD patients. Microbacterium ...
Bjerklund Johansen Truls E - - 2013
Radiotherapy is the main salvage option after primary radical prostatectomy. Radical prostatectomy, cryosurgical ablation and high-intensity focused ultrasound are the main salvage options after primary radiotherapy. After primary radiotherapy, long-term oncological outcome of salvage radical prostatectomy and salvage cryosurgical ablation is fairly comparable with the results of primary radical prostatectomy ...
Kautsky Ulrik - - 2013
This is an overview of the strategy used to describe the effects of a potential release from a radioactive waste repository on human exposure and future environments. It introduces a special issue of AMBIO, in which 13 articles show ways of understanding and characterizing the future. The study relies mainly ...
Mariante-Neto Guilherme Mariante-Neto - - 2013
Introduction. A systematic bias against women, resulting from the use of creatinine as a measure of renal function, has been identified in Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD)-based liver allocation. Correction of this bias by calculation of female creatinine levels using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula ...
Brown Jeffrey L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of this article is to discuss the a radiologist's responsibilities as a mandated reporter of child abuse and the risks in failing to do so. CONCLUSION. All states have established rules that require licensed physicians to report any reasonable suspicion of child abuse. Failure to do so ...
Gryczynski Jan - - 2013
Recent policy initiatives in Baltimore City, MD significantly reduced access disparities between methadone and buprenorphine in the publicly funded treatment sector. This study examines reasons for choosing buprenorphine over methadone among patients with access to both medications. This study was embedded within a larger clinical trial conducted at two outpatient ...
Fathi Mojtaba - - 2013
The radiolabeling of targeting biomolecules with gamma emitter radionuclides for tracing and beta emitters for therapy involves the conjugation of such biomolecules to the chelating agents to form complexes with the radionuclide of interest. In this study, radioconjugate of IGF-1R siRNA with lutetium-177 ((177)Lu) was produced, and the anti-proliferation and ...
Pang John H - - 2013
The "July effect" is a widely discussed phenomenon of worse patient outcomes at teaching hospitals in July due to inexperienced house staff. We conducted a retrospective review of Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network data from Oct 1, 1987 to June 30, 2011, including longitudinal censored data of 360,330 transplantations. Demographic ...
Saetre Peter - - 2013
The radiation doses to humans resulting from a potential release of radionuclides from a geological repository for long-lived waste are assessed over tens or even hundreds of thousands of years. Ingestion is expected to be the major exposure pathway, and the group with the highest exposures will be those that ...
Oshri Assaf - - 2013
This study evaluated relations between sexual sensation seeking, co-occurring sex and alcohol use, and sexual risk behaviors (eg, unprotected intercourse and multiple sex partners) among adolescents receiving treatment for substance abuse problems. The ethnically diverse sample included 394 adolescents recruited from outpatient treatment (280 males; Mage  = 16.33 years, SDage  = 1.15). ...
Rai Reena - - 2013
Medical treatments for acne vulgaris include a variety of topical and oral medications. Poor compliance, lack of durable remission, and potential side effects are common drawbacks to these treatments. Therefore, there is a growing demand for a fast, safe, and side-effect-free novel therapy. Acne often improves after exposure to sunlight, ...
Gray Lloyd S - - 2013
Ca(2+) influx at critical points in the cell cycle is required for proliferation. This requirement is so ubiquitous that its occurrence is often treated as background noise. Yet without it, cells stop dividing, suggesting an obvious and potentially effective way to treat cancer. To control proliferation by controlling Ca(2+) influx ...
Meals Clifton - - 2013
Fractures of the tubular bones of the hand are common and potentially debilitating. The majority of these injuries may be treated without an operation. Surgery, however, offers distinct advantages in properly selected cases. We present a review of hand fracture management, with special attention paid to advances since 2008. The ...
Gleeson Margaret - - 2013
Purpose/Objectives: To identify women's information and communication preferences about treatment-focused genetic testing (TFGT) in the ovarian cancer context.Research Approach: A qualitative interview study.Setting: Two familial cancer services and a gynecologic oncology clinic at a major teaching hospital in Australia.Participants: 22 women diagnosed with ovarian cancer who had either advanced disease ...
Avila Rodolfo - - 2013
Assessments of radiological impacts on humans and other biota from potential releases to the biosphere from a deep geologic repository for spent nuclear fuel are associated with several challenges. Releases, if any, will likely occur in a far future and to an environment that will have experienced substantial transformations. Such ...
Madnani Nina - - 2013
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a "multispeciality" disorder suspected in patients with irregular menses and clinical signs of hyperandrogenism such as acne, seborrhoea, hirsutism, irregular menses, infertility, and alopecia. Recently, PCOS has been associated with the metabolic syndrome. Patients may develop obesity, insulin resistance, acanthosis nigricans, Type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemias, ...
Price Timothy J - - 2013
The medical treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) has evolved greatly in the last 10 years, involving complex combined chemotherapy protocols and, in more recent times, new biologic agents. Advances in adjuvant therapy have been limited to the addition of oxaliplatin and the substitution of oral fluoropyrimidine (e.g., capecitabine) for intravenous 5-fluorouracil ...
Neuhaus Valentin - - 2013
Traumatic bone loss in hand surgery is challenging for the patient as well as the doctor. Whereas the patient is threatened with a possible amputation or severe disability, the hand surgeon focuses on reconstruction, restoration of the function, bony union, and appearance of the injured hand. Both are confronted with ...
Almajhdi Fahad N - - 2013
Background/Aims. This study investigated how HBV replication and host immune response are effected by reduced expression of TGF-β1 and HBx. Material and methods. Short interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown technology has been used to examine the role of TGF-β1 in hepatitis B virus replication. The siTGF-β1 has been transfected along with ...
Ganjoo Shikhar - - 2013
Background: Intralesional corticosteroids are the treatment of choice for adults with less than 50% of scalp area involvement with alopecia areata. The sensitivity of picking up clinical response to treatment by clinical examination is very variable and has inter individual variation. Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of intralesional triamcinolone acetonide ...
Kanaan Yassine - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine whether any sonographic features of jumper's knee can predict the outcome after sonographically guided percutaneous patellar tendon fenestration. Methods- Patients were identified between July 2001 and March 2009 who had clinical and sonographic findings of jumper's knee, who had failed conservative ...
Huang Andrew T - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Delayed lower cranial neuropathy is a rare complication following primary radiotherapy for head and neck cancer, and has been most associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma with minimal data regarding this outcome in the treatment of the oropharynx. No reports, to the authors' knowledge, have described this complication following intensity modulated ...
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