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Hannaford Karen - - 2013
Objectives- To determine whether umbilical cord cysts found by transvaginal sonography in the first trimester of pregnancy are associated with poor pregnancy outcomes. Methods- We conducted a matched cohort study between July 2006 and July 2008. Patients with umbilical cord cysts found on transvaginal sonography in the first trimester were ...
Drescher Tilman - - 2013
Incidentally detected adrenal masses occur frequently especially in the elderly. This is due to technical advances as well as to widespread use of radiologic imaging performed for other reasons. After discovery of an adrenal mass two major questions arise: firstly, is the lesion malignant and, secondly, is it hormonally active? ...
Zhao Lianxin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to show the feasibility and performance of diffusion-weighted MR neurography (MRN) of extremity nerves with unidirectional motion-probing gradients at 3 T. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Forty-seven healthy volunteers and 10 patients underwent diffusion-weighted MRN of extremity nerves with unidirectional motion-probing gradients (anterior-posterior direction only) ...
Luyet Cédric - - 2013
Objectives- Sonographic guidance for peripheral nerve anesthesia has proven increasingly successful in clinical practice; however, fears that a change to sonographically guided regional anesthesia may impair the block quality and operating room work flow persist in certain units. In this retrospective cohort study, block quality and patient satisfaction during the ...
Silva Ivonete - - 2013
Introduction. Treatment of genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C in elderly patients has been associated with low rates of a sustained virological response (SVR), but the reasons are unclear. Objective. To determine the SVR rate in patients ≥ 60 years with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C treated with Peg-IFN and ribavirin, ...
Beltran Luis S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review the clinical and imaging features as well as the potential complications of hip dysplasia in the young adult. Hip dysplasia is an important cause of secondary osteoarthrosis, which accounts for a significant proportion of patients requiring total hip arthroplasty. The radiographic ...
Adrada Beatriz - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Breast ultrasound is helpful in the characterization of masses to differentiate benign from malignant disease. The internal echotexture of a mass is an important ultra-sound feature in breast diagnostic workup. This article reviews the imaging and histopathology findings of benign and malignant hyperechoic masses to better recognize these conditions. ...
Chapman Stephen J - - 2013
Teaching in the operating room (OR) may add substantial value to undergraduate medical education but at present, the value of this as a core-learning environment is unclear. We assessed student attitudes to see how the experience may be improved. All medical students from University of Leeds, UK were invited to ...
Corell Hanna - - 2013
A particle-tracking model based on high-resolution ocean flow data was used to investigate particle residence times and spatial distribution of settling sediment for two geo-morphologically different Swedish coastal areas. The study was a part of a safety assessment for the location of a future nuclear-waste repository, and information about the ...
Papadatos-Pastos Dionysis - - 2013
The CNS is a common site of metastasis in patients with malignant melanoma. Locoregional control either with surgery or radiotherapy is first-line treatment for patients with brain metastasis should they be suitable candidates. For those patients who are not and those who progress after previous treatment, there is an unmet ...
Tazawa Ko-Ichi - - 2013
We report a 51-year-old female patient with adult-onset type II citrullinemia (CTLN2) who had a history of pancreatoduodenectomy for duodenal somatostatinoma with metastases to regional lymph nodes at age 49 years, paying special attention to indications for liver transplantation. At age 50 years, she developed hepatic encephalopathy with elevation of ...
Eriksson Christin - - 2013
The water turnover of two coastal areas, Forsmark and Laxemar-Simpevarp, has been modeled for 13 selected years between 6500 BC and 9000 AD by utilizing information about past, present, and future bathymetry. The Forsmark area can be described as an open-ended funnel, and is analyzed with a 3D-model (MIKE 3-FM); the ...
Yang Li - - 2013
Background. MUC2 and MUC5AC overproduction is considered to be associated with hepatolithiasis and related to inflammation. However, mechanisms underlying MUC upregulation under inflammatory stimulation in human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells (HIBECs) are not completely understood. Material and Methods. Expression of MUC2 and MUC5AC mRNA in HIBECs was detected by real-time ...
Pang Shaofeng - - 2013
Several chiral ligands containing (R,R)-diaminocyclohexane moieties and pyrrole, furan, or benzene have been synthesized. These ligands were tested in enantioselective zinc-catalyzed hydrosilylation reactions; excellent enantioselectivities were obtained when the ligands containing (R,R)-diaminocyclohexane moieties and furan rings were used. For comparison, zinc chloride combined with different potassium carboxylate salts and ligands ...
Lallas Aimilios - - 2013
Dermoscopy has become an integrative part of the clinical examination of skin tumors. This is because it significantly improves the early diagnosis of melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) including basal cell carcinoma and keratinocyte skin cancer compared with the unaided eye. Besides its value in the noninvasive diagnosis of ...
Dwarkasing Roy S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of anorectal MRI in the care of patients with chronic anal and perianal pain but without findings of abnormalities in the clinical workup. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Patients referred from a tertiary department of colorectal surgery to the MRI ...
Liang Teresa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Testicular torsion is a common acute condition in boys requiring prompt accurate management. The objective of this article was to evaluate ultrasound accuracy, findings, and clinical predictors in testicular torsion in boys presenting to the Stollery pediatric emergency department with acute scrotal pain. METHODS. Retrospective review of surgical and ...
Iida Takayuki - - 2013
: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is frequently detected in ulcerative colitis (UC) lesions of steroid-refractory patients. This has led to the suspicion that CMV might cause colitis and steroid refractoriness. : During 2003 and 2011, 187 consecutive patients were divided into group I (n = 105), corticosteroid-free and thiopurine-free in the past ...
Young Phillip M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The use of contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) as an alternative to CT angiography or conventional angiography to assess pediatric and adult patients with cardiovascular diseases has the potential to significantly reduce patients' lifetime exposure to ionizing radiation. However, imaging this group of patients can be challenging because of a ...
Ibukuro Kenji - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to clarify the hepatic artery anatomy of the left hemiliver using the fusion image of CT angiography (CTA) and CT arterial portography. MATERIALS AND METHODS. CTA and CT arterial portography were performed on a 64-MDCT scanner in 144 patients. All images were transferred ...
Espinoza Jimmy - - 2013
This study was designed to compare the work flow efficiency of manual measurements of 5 fetal parameters with a novel technique that automatically measures these parameters from 2-dimensional sonograms. This prospective study included 200 singleton pregnancies between 15 and 40 weeks' gestation. Patients were randomly allocated to either manual (n ...
Clements Wilson K - - 2013
Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are tissue-specific stem cells that replenish all mature blood lineages during the lifetime of an individual. Clinically, HSCs form the foundation of transplantation-based therapies for leukaemias and congenital blood disorders. Researchers have long been interested in understanding the normal signalling mechanisms that specify HSCs in the ...
Falcone John L - - 2013
There have been decreasing pass rates recently on the American Board of Surgery Certifying Examination (ABSCE). General surgery residents from the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, the West Penn Allegheny Health System, the Conemaugh Health System, and Mercy Hospital participate in a mock oral board examination, which is similar to ...
Galant Larissa Widholzer - - 2013
Background/aims. Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignant tumors in the world, and it typically has a poor prognosis. Extensive studies have examined the effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs selective to COX-2 on the chemoprevention of various tumors. The objective of this study is to observe the ...
Boden Matthew Tyler - - 2013
The present study is the first to explore links between PTSD and cannabis use characteristics immediately prior to a cannabis quit attempt, including motives, use problems, withdrawal, and craving. Measures of PTSD diagnosis, symptom severity, and cannabis use characteristics were administered to a sample of cannabis dependent military veterans (n = 94). ...
Hu Jie - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a microbubble contrast agent (SonoVue; Bracco SpA, Milan, Italy) on the spread of gas generated by heating during radiofrequency ablation in vivo. Methods- Radiofrequency ablation was performed with or without SonoVue on 2 areas per rabbit liver in ...
Rialon Kristy L - - 2013
To design an orientation for surgical interns to meet the new Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Common Program Requirements regarding supervision, to test patient-management competencies, and to assess confidence on skills and tasks pre-orientation and post-orientation. Twenty-seven incoming surgical interns participated in a two-day orientation to clinical duties. Activities ...
Behrendt Florian F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to identify the iodine concentration that yields the highest intravascular contrast enhancement in MDCT angiography by intraindividual comparison in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Six pigs underwent repeated chest MDCT examinations under standardized conditions using the same contrast medium (iopromide) with different ...
Hirt-Minkowski Patricia - - 2013
Proteinuria is a common incidental finding in primary care. A systematic approach is necessary to differentiate benign causes of proteinuria from severe kidney diseases. Glomerular proteinuria is the predominant pathophysiologic mechanism of the three types of proteinuria (i. e. glomerular, tubular and "overflow") and usually corresponds to urinary protein excretion ...
Plaza Michael J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. In this article, we review the most common posterior fossa and suprasellar intracranial neoplasms in the pediatric population. We briefly discuss basic MRI concepts used in the initial evaluation of a pediatric brain tumor and then discuss sophisticated MRI techniques that give insight into the physiology and chemical makeup ...
do Espírito-Santo Márcia Paschoal - - 2013
Introduction. Detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been reported in extrahepatic sites such as peripheral blood mononuclear cells and platelets. Quantitation of HCV-RNA in platelets from patients under antiviral therapy has not been reported. Material and methods. HCV-RNA levels in paired serum and platelet samples of 17 chronically HCV-infected ...
Nance John W JW - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Today in the hospital setting, several functions of the radiology information system (RIS), including order entry, patient registration, report repository, and the physician directory, have moved to enterprise electronic medical records. Some observers might conclude that the RIS is going away. In this article, we contend that because of ...
Shankar Jai Jai Shiva - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Differentiation of grade 3 astrocytoma from glioblastoma multiforme can be difficult with conventional structural imaging but is important for prognosis. The purpose of this study was to assess perfusion CT in differentiating high-grade gliomas (HGGs) and their role in prognosis in the care of patients with HGG. SUBJECTS AND ...
Seitz Andrea - - 2013
Adult Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD) patients with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms may suffer more from craving than patients who only have AUD. However, craving may be even more strongly related to withdrawal and psychiatric symptoms; therefore, the association between craving and ADHD may be misinterpreted. The purpose of this ...
Gonzalez Ruben - - 2013
Objectives- To report normative data for the fetal nasal bone length (NBL), frontonasal fold (FNF) thickness, and the FNF/NBL ratio and to study their performance in the sonographic screening of trisomy 21 in a normal, unselected Latin American population. Methods- Women undergoing a routine sonographic examination between 16 and 32 ...
Lawrence Ryan E - - 2013
Society debates whether addiction is a disease, a response to psychological woundedness, or moral failing. We surveyed a national sample of 1427 US primary care physicians (PCPs) and 487 psychiatrists, asking "In your judgment, to what extent is alcoholism/drug addiction each of the following? A) a disease B) a response ...
Patel Tejas K - - 2013
Background: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare severe cutaneous drug reactions. No large scale epidemiological data are available for this disorder in India. Aims: To carry out a systematic review of the published evidence of the drug-induced SJS and TEN in Indian population. Methods: Publications from ...
Fayssoil Abdallah - - 2013
Objectives- Duchenne muscular dystrophy is an X-linked neuromuscular disorder. The heart is traditionally involved, leading to heart failure. The mdx mouse is a natural animal model of the disease. We conducted a prospective study to analyze left ventricular (LV) function in mdx mice at different ages using high-resolution Doppler echocardiography. ...
Torudd Jesper - - 2013
This study investigates whether non-human biota are protected against harmful effects of ionizing radiation after a possible future release of radioactive matter from a planned repository for spent nuclear fuel. Radiation dose rates to a broad spectrum of organisms were calculated based on data from sampled organisms and modeled activity ...
Lakshmi Chembolli - - 2013
Underlying hormone imbalances may render acne unresponsive to conventional therapy. Relevant investigations followed by initiation of hormonal therapy in combination with regular anti-acne therapy may be necessary if signs of hyperandrogenism are present. In addition to other factors, androgen-stimulated sebum production plays an important role in the pathophysiology of acne ...
Miyamoto Masahito - - 2013
Peritonitis is still the major complication associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). Microbacterium spp., a type of coryneform bacteria, is an environmental bacterium isolated from soil, waste water and animals. Human infection is rare, and only few cases have so far been reported in immunocompromised hosts, such as PD patients. Microbacterium ...
Bjerklund Johansen Truls E - - 2013
Radiotherapy is the main salvage option after primary radical prostatectomy. Radical prostatectomy, cryosurgical ablation and high-intensity focused ultrasound are the main salvage options after primary radiotherapy. After primary radiotherapy, long-term oncological outcome of salvage radical prostatectomy and salvage cryosurgical ablation is fairly comparable with the results of primary radical prostatectomy ...
Kautsky Ulrik - - 2013
This is an overview of the strategy used to describe the effects of a potential release from a radioactive waste repository on human exposure and future environments. It introduces a special issue of AMBIO, in which 13 articles show ways of understanding and characterizing the future. The study relies mainly ...
Mariante-Neto Guilherme Mariante-Neto - - 2013
Introduction. A systematic bias against women, resulting from the use of creatinine as a measure of renal function, has been identified in Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD)-based liver allocation. Correction of this bias by calculation of female creatinine levels using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula ...
Brown Jeffrey L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The objective of this article is to discuss the a radiologist's responsibilities as a mandated reporter of child abuse and the risks in failing to do so. CONCLUSION. All states have established rules that require licensed physicians to report any reasonable suspicion of child abuse. Failure to do so ...
Gryczynski Jan - - 2013
Recent policy initiatives in Baltimore City, MD significantly reduced access disparities between methadone and buprenorphine in the publicly funded treatment sector. This study examines reasons for choosing buprenorphine over methadone among patients with access to both medications. This study was embedded within a larger clinical trial conducted at two outpatient ...
Fathi Mojtaba - - 2013
The radiolabeling of targeting biomolecules with gamma emitter radionuclides for tracing and beta emitters for therapy involves the conjugation of such biomolecules to the chelating agents to form complexes with the radionuclide of interest. In this study, radioconjugate of IGF-1R siRNA with lutetium-177 ((177)Lu) was produced, and the anti-proliferation and ...
Pang John H - - 2013
The "July effect" is a widely discussed phenomenon of worse patient outcomes at teaching hospitals in July due to inexperienced house staff. We conducted a retrospective review of Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network data from Oct 1, 1987 to June 30, 2011, including longitudinal censored data of 360,330 transplantations. Demographic ...
Saetre Peter - - 2013
The radiation doses to humans resulting from a potential release of radionuclides from a geological repository for long-lived waste are assessed over tens or even hundreds of thousands of years. Ingestion is expected to be the major exposure pathway, and the group with the highest exposures will be those that ...
Oshri Assaf - - 2013
This study evaluated relations between sexual sensation seeking, co-occurring sex and alcohol use, and sexual risk behaviors (eg, unprotected intercourse and multiple sex partners) among adolescents receiving treatment for substance abuse problems. The ethnically diverse sample included 394 adolescents recruited from outpatient treatment (280 males; Mage  = 16.33 years, SDage  = 1.15). ...
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