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Results 451 - 500 of 3060
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René A - - 2013
A new and efficient synthesis of (L)-(trimethylsilyl)alanine (TMSAla) with suitable protection for use in Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis (SPPS) has been accomplished starting from glycine tert-butyl ester and using hydroxypinanone as chiral inductor. The silylated side chain was introduced by alkylation of the Schiff base intermediate with iodomethyl(trimethylsilane) at -78 °C. ...
Merkel C A - - 2013
Approximately 90% of melanomas retain wild-type p53, a characteristic that may help shape the development of novel treatment strategies. Here, we employed an adenoviral vector where transgene expression is controlled by p53 to deliver the p19 alternate reading frame (Arf) and interferon-β (IFNβ) complementary DNAs in the B16 mouse model ...
Natsis K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The foramen magnum (FM), a complex area in craniocervical surgery, poses a challenge for neurosurgeons. The knowledge of the detailed anatomy of the FM, occipital condyles (OC) and variations of the region is crucial for the safety of vital structures. This study focuses on the FM and OC morphometry, ...
Steinvil Arie - - 2013
Prior toxicological exposure reports demonstrated the decremental effect of several air pollutants on the metabolic equivalents achieved during exercise testing (METs). There are no prior large scale epidemiological reports about the effect of environmental air pollution exposure on those parameters. We analyzed a cohort of apparently healthy individuals attending a ...
Frennesson Christina I - - 2013
Purpose:  To determine the mutation in a Swedish family with Best disease (vitelliform macular dystrophy; VMD) and to investigate the short- and long-term effects of photodynamic treatment (PDT) on subretinal neovascularization in a young boy. Methods:  The five members of three generations of a family with VMD underwent a thorough ...
Xu Ting - - 2013
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a filamentous fungal pathogen that can infect many economically important crops and vegetables. Alternative oxidase is the terminal oxidase of the alternative respiratory pathway in fungal mitochondria. The function of alternative oxidase was investigated in the regulation of sensitivity of S. sclerotiorum to two commercial fungicides, azoxystrobin ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The electrocardiogram (ECG) is listed among the routine diagnostic examinations for hypertensive patients according to international guidelines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this survey was to investigate whether an ECG is routinely prescribed before an echocardiographic examination by general practitioners for the evaluation of subclinical cardiac damage in uncomplicated hypertensive ...
Zhang Joanne - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In parallel thorough QT (TQT) studies, it has been speculated that either baseline correction should be omitted, under the assumption that it only adds noise to the data, or a time-averaged baseline instead of a time-matched baseline correction should be considered in order to reduce the study variability. OBJECTIVE: ...
Liu Xun-Wei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of vertebroplasty in symptomatic vertebral haemangiomas (VHs) with no neurological deficit, with or without features of aggressiveness in imaging studies. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to review 31 consecutive patients with symptomatic VHs that underwent vertebroplasty procedures (13 males, 18 females; mean age, 57.5 years), ...
Fukunaga Atsushi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) has been popular, but it may take enough time to master this special operative technique and procedure. This may induce uneven distribution of the number of MVD operations in each institute, possibly resulting in an overall unsatisfactory quality of MVD surgeons. Nakanishi's ...
Cao Mengde - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The heterogeneity of liver cancer, in particular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), portrays the requirement of multiple targets for both its treatment and prevention. Multifaceted agents, minimally or non-toxic for normal hepatocytes, are required to address the molecular diversity of HCC, including the resistance of putative liver cancer stem cells to ...
Spycher Cornelia - - 2013
The protozoan Giardia lamblia has a minimized organelle repertoire, and most strikingly lacks a classical stacked Golgi apparatus. Nevertheless, Giardia trophozoites constitutively secrete variant surface proteins, and dramatically increase the volume of protein secretion during differentiation to cysts. Eukaryotic cells have evolved an elaborate system for quality control (QC) of ...
Taylor Janice - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mobility contributes to the quality of life and independence of residents in nursing homes. To perform resident-centred mobility care, staff need to understand residents' physical capacity and perspectives of care. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore residents' perspectives of intrinsic factors influencing their mobility ...
Otero Leticia - - 2013
The first total synthesis of (8R,6'R)-peridinin-5,8-furanoxide, a C37 xanthophyll norcarotenoid, has been achieved. The key steps of the synthetic sequence are a Julia-Kocienski condensation and a late stage stereoretentive Stille cross-coupling of an iodoallene.
Kertesz Stefan G - - 2013
Although homeless individuals often experience health problems requiring care, there are limitations to available research concerning the scale of their needs and the accessibility of safety net agencies to meet them. Traditional access-to-care surveys calculate unmet need among all persons queried (rather than persons needing care), making it difficult to ...
Zhao Xinyuan - - 2013
Glycosylation is an important posttranslational modification of proteins and plays a crucial role in both cellular functions and secretory pathways. Sialic acids (SAs), a family of nine-carbon-containing acidic monosaccharides, often terminate the glycan structures of cell surface molecules and secreted glycoproteins and perform an important role in many biological processes. ...
Neumann Frank - - 2013
EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL) are potent antigen-presenting cells. To investigate their potential use as cancer testis antigen (CTA) vaccines, we studied the expression of 12 cancer testis (CT) genes in 20 LCL by RT-PCR. The most frequently expressed CT genes were SSX4 (50 %), followed by GAGE (45 %), SSX1 (40 %), ...
Gemelli Tanise - - 2013
β-Alanine is a β-amino acid derivative of the degradation of pyrimidine uracil and precursor of the oxidative substrate acetyl-coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA). The accumulation of β-alanine occurs in β-alaninemia, an inborn error of metabolism. Patients with β-alaninemia may develop neurological abnormalities whose mechanisms are far from being understood. In this study we evaluated the effects of β-alanine administration on some parameters of oxidative stress and on ...
Li Runsheng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mitochondria, which are essential for the functionality of eukaryotic cells, are particularly important in metabolically active tissues such as liver. Different breeds of pigs demonstrate distinct metabolic profiles in the liver, yet little is known whether the expression and transcriptional regulation of mitochondrial genes differ between breeds. RESULTS: Here ...
Maulsby Cathy - - 2013
In 2006, Millett published a seminal literature review that examined 12 hypotheses to explain the high rates of HIV among black MSM. This paper augments Millett's article by reviewing the recent literature on behavioral, biomedical, structural, social contextual, psychosocial, and social network factors that affect HIV rates among black MSM. ...
Matsuda Akihisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The negative impact of postoperative complications (POCs) on long-term outcomes is well documented for several cancer surgeries, but conclusive evidence has yet to be provided on the influence of POCs on long-term oncological outcomes after hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). METHODS: Studies published through February 2012 evaluating ...
Keating Gillian M - - 2013
Insulin degludec (Tresiba(®)) is an ultra-long-acting insulin analogue that is also available as a coformulation with rapid-acting insulin aspart (insulin degludec/insulin aspart) [Ryzodeg(®)]. Insulin degludec has a flat, stable glucose-lowering profile with a duration of action of >42 h, and less within-patient day-to-day variability in glucose-lowering effect than the long-acting insulin ...
Silberstein Stephen D - - 2013
Dihydroergotamine (DHE) was first used to treat migraine in 1945 and is currently included among migraine-specific treatments for moderate-severe migraine. DHE may be administered through several routes of delivery, with efficacy and tolerability varying among formulations. We review DHE formulation approaches for the acute treatment of migraine, reviewing pharmacokinetics/dynamics and ...
Moon Jungyu - - 2013
Recent reports on atypical femoral fracture have raised concerns about the long-term use of bisphosphonate. More recent case series focus specifically on the subtrochanteric fractures. But, there is relatively rarity and unawareness of atypical fracture in upper extremity. We report forearm fracture in two women receiving long-term bisphosphonate therapy. First ...
Farace Francesco - - 2013
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) of the breast is a very rare nonepithelial neoplasm. In the literature, this tumor has sometimes been described in proximity of breast implants (60 implant-related ALCL reported). In 2010, a patient who had undergone a right mastectomy and tissue expander/implant reconstruction for a "ductal" carcinoma ...
Sogabe Masahiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is likely to be associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The prevalence of NAFLD in visceral fat type MS (V-type MS) is known to be higher than in subcutaneous fat type MS (S-type MS) in men with MS, and a larger subcutaneous fat ...
Guler Ferhat - - 2013
Abstract This prospective study was conducted to determine the prevalence of absence of flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS)-V tendon and to investigate the clinical usefulness of symmetry patterns, differences between sex, laterality, and dexterity in a Turkish population. Four hundred randomly-selected adult patients were examined for the absence of FDS-V function. ...
Ficen Semra Zuhal - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gene therapy is an important treatment for genetic and acquired diseases. The success of gene therapy is largely dependent on the development of suitable vectors for gene transfer. Vectors are desired to overcome cellular barriers and to achieve efficient DNA delivery with low cytotoxicity. To this aim we synthesized ...
Higginbotham Heather F - - 2013
A new core-substituted naphthalene diimide (cNDI) compound that is sensitive to both H(+) and solvent polarity has been synthesised and characterised. Optical absorption and emission change upon protonation while emission quantum yield and decay kinetics of the unprotonated form vary significantly with solvent polarity due to delayed fluorescence.
Grimaldi Luca - - 2013
Abstract The two-stage breast reconstruction with tissue expander and prosthesis is nowadays a common method for achieving a satisfactory appearance in selected patients who had a mastectomy, but its most common aesthetic drawback is represented by an excessive volumetric increment of the superior half of the reconstructed breast, with a ...
Gennaro Gisella - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical value of combining one-view mammography (cranio-caudal, CC) with the complementary view tomosynthesis (mediolateral-oblique, MLO) in comparison to standard two-view mammography (MX) in terms of both lesion detection and characterization. METHODS: A free-response receiver operating characteristic (FROC) experiment was conducted independently by six breast radiologists, obtaining ...
Fang Zhong - - 2013
PURPOSE: How HCV virus affects the function of dendritic cells (DCs) and their ability to induce CD4+ T cell response remains not fully understood. This study was done to elucidate the impact of HCV on the function of DCs and on DC's capability to induce CD4+ T-cell response. METHODS: Monocyte-derived ...
Chen Ying - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the leading cause of death in women with gynecological cancer. Most patients are diagnosed at advanced stage with poor prognosis. Currently, surgical tumor debulking followed by chemotherapy based on platinum and taxane is the standard treatment for advanced OC. However, these patients remain at great ...
Ray-Chaudhuri A - - 2013
Several thousand patients are diagnosed annually with head and neck cancer (HANC) in the United Kingdom. This represents a significant proportion of all cancers that are diagnosed and a common treatment modality for this is radiotherapy to the head and neck region. Radiotherapy can be highly successful in managing HANC ...
Humes H David - - 2013
The rapid understanding of the cellular and molecular bases of organ function and disease processes will be translated in the next decade into new therapeutic approaches to a wide range of clinical disorders, including acute and chronic renal failure. Central to these new therapies are the developing technologies of cell ...
Davis Jon-Kyle - - 2013
Clothing targeting the exercise enthusiast has been advertised to keep individuals drier, cooler, and more comfortable during exercise in the heat. The marketing of such clothing has increased dramatically within the last decade. In hot environments, clothing acts as a barrier to thermal balance by inhibiting evaporative and convective cooling. ...
Gennatas Spyridon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Single arm phase 1 and 2 studies on Crizotinib in ALK-positive patients so far have shown rapid and durable responses. Spontaneous pneumothoraces as a result of response to anti-cancer therapy are rare in oncology but have been documented in a number of tumour types including lung cancer. This includes ...
Miron Richard J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies suggest that a combination of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) with grafting material may improve periodontal wound healing/regeneration. Newly developed calcium phosphate (CaP) ceramics have been demonstrated a viable synthetic replacement option for bone grafting filler materials. AIMS: This study aims to test the ability for EMD to ...
Moslehi Nazanin - - 2013
Muscle strength, an independent predictor of metabolic disorders, disability, and mortality, reduces gradually with advancing age. Little is known about the influence of nutritional intervention on muscle strength in middle-aged. The aim of the present study is to examine whether magnesium could improve body composition and muscle strength in middle-aged ...
Gray J D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Lithium (Li) is often an effective treatment for mood disorders, especially bipolar disorder (BPD), and can mitigate the effects of stress on the brain by modulating several pathways to facilitate neural plasticity. This review seeks to summarize what is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying Li's actions in the ...
Mavridis Konstantinos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Several transcript variants of the kallikrein-related peptidase 15 gene (KLK15) have been identified up to now. The classical KLK15 mRNA isoform encodes for a non-truncated, functional protein. Aberrant KLK15 expression is found in breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers. Our aim in this present study was the specific quantitative expression ...
Malek A - - 2013
Therapeutic gene silencing is a promising approach for treatment of cancer. Despite substantial efforts, however, only few such therapeutic methods have been clinically tested. The heterogeneity in gene expression profiles among malignant tissues and the dynamic control of gene expression in individual tumors makes identifying universal and effective targets a ...
Homma-Takeda Shino - - 2013
Renal toxicity is the principal health concern after uranium exposure. Children are particularly vulnerable to uranium exposure; with contact with depleted uranium in war zones or groundwater contamination the most likely exposure scenarios. To investigate renal sensitivity to uranium exposure during development, we examined uranium distribution and uranium-induced apoptosis in ...
Dessy Luca Andrea - - 2013
Abstract Abdominal wall weaknesses present several causative factors, both local and systemic and, as a consequence, abdominal hernias may develop in more than one site. Also, simultaneous hernia repair has been rarely reported in published reports. In the present study, the association of multiple weaknesses of the abdominal wall in ...
Staniland Jessica J - - 2013
A six-session higher-functioning autism anti-stigma program incorporating descriptive, explanatory and directive information was delivered to adolescent boys and the impact upon knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intentions towards peers with autism was evaluated. Participants were seventh-, eighth- and ninth-grade students (N = 395) from regular classes in a mainstream school. Two-eighth-grade classes were ...
McGuigan M B - - 2013
When a file fractures during root canal treatment there are several treatment options available to the clinician. The definitive management should be based on a thorough knowledge of the success rates of each treatment option, balanced against potential risks of removal or file retention. Although integration of modern techniques into ...
Galis Zorina S - - 2013
The molecular causes of ≈4000 medical conditions have been described, yet only 5% have associated therapies. For decades, the average time for drug development through approval has taken 10 to 20 years. In recent years, the serious challenges that confront the private sector have made it difficult to capitalize on ...
Leathers Marvin L - - 2013
Newsome et al. question neither our key result, that large-penalty cues elicited stronger responses than small-penalty cues, nor our key conclusion, that neurons early in the trial signaled cue salience and not action value. Instead, they focus on subsequent neuronal activity. The patterns of delay-period activity that they note can ...
Malik Rohit - - 2013
Nager syndrome, also called preaxial acrofacial dysostosis, comprises two groups of defects involving the limbs and craniofacial region, respectively. This syndrome is rare and only 70 cases have been reported in the literature. The exact cause of this syndrome is unknown, but there is indication that it is genetically based. ...
Shirinsky Ivan V - - 2013
Hand osteoarthritis (HOA) is a common condition associated with high disease burden and frequently accompanied by comorbidities including dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis and obesity. The most debilitating HOA phenotype is erosive HOA (EHOA), characterized by synovial inflammation, formation of erosions, and substantial decline in hand function. Currently, there is no proven symptomatic ...
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