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Results 351 - 400 of 2366
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Zam Azhar - - 2013
We propose the use of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT) to deliver additional biometrics associated with the finger that could complement existing fingerprint technology for law enforcement applications. The current study extends the existing fingerprint paradigm by measuring additional biometrics associated with sub-surface finger tissue such as sub-surface fingerprints, ...
Hui Pramiti - - 2013
A 1D paramagnetic organic tube self-assembled from a "clicked" shape-persistent macrocycle carrying high-spin oxoverdazyl biradicals shows optical wave guiding behavior.
Rice Mabel L ML Child Language Doctoral Program, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA. - - 2013
Behavioural studies of children with specific language impairment (SLI) have reported long-term growth outcomes across different dimensions of language. Genetic studies of children with SLI have identified candidate genes and putative associations of gene variants with SLI. The aims of this review are to summarize these two lines of investigation ...
Xu Jiaquan - - 2013
Controlled assembly of nanoscale objects into superstructures is of tremendous interests. Many approaches have been developed to fabricate organic-nanoparticle superstructures. However, effective fabrication of inorganic-nanoparticle superstructures (such as nanoparticles linked by metals) remains a difficult challenge. Here we show a novel, general method to assemble metals and nanoparticles rationally into ...
Alves Hemerson B - - 2013
Allelic frequencies for 15 STR autosomal loci, using AmpFℓSTR® Identifiler™, forensic, and statistical parameters were calculated. All loci reached the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The combined power of discrimination and mean power of exclusion were 0.999999999999999999 and 0.9999993, respectively. The MDS plot and NJ tree analysis, generated by FST matrix, corroborated the ...
Fonda B - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) on biochemical, pain, and performance parameters during the 5-day recovery period after damaging exercise for hamstrings. Participants completed a bout of damaging exercise for the hamstring muscles on two separate occasions (control and experimental condition) separated ...
Hand F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The internet has revolutionised the way we search for information. We determined the level of internet use by parents of children attending general surgical services and identified trends in online information-seeking behaviour. METHODS: A questionnaire based on the work by Boston and Tassone was distributed to parents attending both ...
Lucas S R R - - 2013
A lipid nanoemulsion (LDE) resembling low-density lipoprotein can target malignant tumours. In in vivo and clinical studies, association of chemotherapeutic agents to LDE decreased their toxicity and increased pharmacological action. Here, safety of LDE as carmustine carrier (50 mg m(-2) , intravenous) combined with vincristine and prednisone for the treatment of dogs ...
Oh-Hashi Kentaro - - 2013
Recently, cation transport regulator homolog 1 (Chac1) has been identified as a novel pro-apoptotic factor in cells under endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Of the three major ER stress sensors, it is suggested that ATF4 participates in the transcriptional regulation of Chac1 gene expression. The precise characterization of the Chac1 promoter, ...
Wielage Ronald C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Duloxetine has recently been approved in the USA for chronic musculoskeletal pain, including osteoarthritis and chronic low back pain. The cost effectiveness of duloxetine in osteoarthritis has not previously been assessed. Duloxetine is targeted as post first-line (after acetaminophen) treatment of moderate to severe pain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of ...
Wanek Johann - - 2013
X-ray imaging is a nondestructive and preferred method in paleopathology to reconstruct the history of ancient diseases. Sophisticated imaging technologies such as computed tomography (CT) have become common for the investigation of skeletal disorders in human remains. Researchers have investigated the impact of ionizing radiation on living cells, but never ...
Hoang-Kim Amy - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures are the second leading cause of hospitalization in the aged and by 2041, epidemiologists forecast an increase in economic cost to $2.4 billion. The hip patient population often presents with comorbidities causing these patients to receive less aggressive medical treatment and have a low quality of life. ...
Wagner Günter P - - 2013
The power of deep sequencing technology to reliably detect single RNA reads leads to a paradoxical problem of high sensitivity. In hybridization or PCR based methods for RNA quantification, the concern is low sensitivity, i.e., the problem that the signal from truly expressed genes might not be distinguishable from noise. ...
Golding Lauren P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Tracheobronchial calcifications are considered a rare radiologic finding in children. Our clinical experience indicates that this finding is not infrequently seen among children with prosthetic heart valves who have been treated with warfarin sodium. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that calcifications of the tracheobronchial tree are more common than previously reported ...
Chae Yun Ju - - 2013
Trazodone, a triazolopyridine antidepressant, is commonly used in the treatment of depression and insomnia. Kv4.3 channels are transiently, and rapidly, inactivating Kv channels that are highly expressed in cardiac myocytes and neurons. To determine the electrophysiological basis for the cardiac and neuronal actions of trazodone, we studied the effects of ...
Abd El-Ghani Safa F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Claudins are transmembrane proteins of tight junctions emerging as targets for diagnosis, prediction of prognosis, disease recurrence, and metastasis. Our goal was to evaluate expression of claudin-4 in the most common benign and malignant salivary gland neoplasms. METHODS: Claudin-4 gene levels and protein expression were determined by real-time polymerase ...
Ueoka-Nakanishi Hanayo - - 2013
Thioredoxin (Trx) is a key player in redox homeostasis in various cells in which it modulates functions of target proteins by catalyzing thiol-disulfide exchange reaction. Target proteins of cytosolic Trx-h of higher plants were studied, particularly in the plasma membrane, because plant plasma membranes include various functionally important protein molecules ...
Lee Tae Il - - 2013
A high-yield solution-processed ultrathin (<10 nm) trigonal tellurium (t-Te) nanowire (NW) is introduced as a new class of piezoelectric nanomaterial with a six-fold higher piezoelectric constant compared to conventional ZnO NWs for a high-volume power-density nanogenerator (NG). While determining the energy-harvesting principle in a NG consisting of t-Te NW, we ...
Asenso-Mensah Kwame - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) confirmed viral marker prevalence between family donors (FDs) and first-time volunteer nonremunerated donors (VNRDs) is similar. In a blood service collecting 10 units/1000 inhabitants, a questionnaire examined FD donation conditions and willingness of becoming repeat VNRDs. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Four areas were explored: circumstances ...
Baldacchino F - - 2013
In high-altitude summer pastures, horseflies (Diptera: Tabanidae) can be a serious nuisance to livestock, as well as mechanical vectors of animal diseases such as besnoitiosis, an enzootic disease in the Pyrenees. However, the activity of horseflies in mountainous environments is poorly documented. To study the seasonality and distribution of tabanids ...
Guo Pu - - 2013
Acid phosphatase (ACP) can be sensitively, conveniently and efficiently detected via a new fluorescent "Turn-Off/Turn-On" system. Inexpensive (NaPO3)6 is carefully introduced into this system as a quencher of the aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) probe. In our method, the limit of detection (LOD) is quite low for detecting ACP, which is an ...
Oishi Yoshitaka - - 2013
Trail settings in national parks are essential management tools for improving both ecological conservation efforts and the quality of visitor experiences. This study proposes a plan for the appropriate maintenance of trails in Chubusangaku National Park, Japan, based on the recreation opportunity spectrum (ROS) approach. First, we distributed 452 questionnaires ...
Rochat Tamsen J TJ Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa, - - 2013
Risk of antenatal depression has been shown to be elevated in Southern Africa and can impact maternal and child outcomes, especially in the context of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Brief screening methods may optimize access to care during pregnancy, particularly where resources are scarce. This research evaluated shorter versions ...
Mahan Mark A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lipomatosis of the nerve (LN) is a rare disorder characterized by the massive enlargement of peripheral nerves, frequently accompanied by generalized fibroadipose proliferation and skeletal overgrowth. The treatment of this disorder remains controversial, in part because of the rarity and the variability of presentation. Some authors have advocated total ...
Grigorescu S - - 2013
Laser direct write techniques represent a prospective alternative for engineering a new generation of hybrid biomaterials via the creation of patterns consisting of biological proteins onto practically any type of substrate. In this paper we report on the characterization of fibronectin features obtained onto titanium substrates by UV nanosecond laser ...
Mahmood Raja Tahir - - 2013
Fungi are considered good producers of industrially valuable enzymes with higher enzymatic activities. Among these cellulases are group of extracellular enzymes commonly employed in many industries for the hydrolysis of cellulolytic material. Aspergillus fumigatus produced exoglucanase having high enzymatic activity (83 U/gds) during the solid-state fermentation of wheat straw under optimum ...
Ozaydın T - - 2013
We attempted to characterize the cytochemical staining patterns of leukocytes and to determine the percentages of alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase (ANAE) and acid phosphatase (ACPase) positive lymphocytes in peripheral blood of thoroughbred foals at different ages. Blood samples were obtained from the jugular veins of 60 healthy thoroughbred foals, 1 day, ...
Fondong Vincent N - - 2013
Geminiviruses are a family of plant viruses that cause economically important plant diseases worldwide. These viruses have circular single-stranded DNA genomes and four to eight genes that are expressed from both strands of the double-stranded DNA replicative intermediate. The transcription of these genes occurs under the control of two bidirectional ...
Ishioka Kunie - - 2013
The effect of doping on the carrier-phonon interaction in wurtzite GaN is investigated by pump-probe reflectivity measurements using 3.1 eV light in near resonance with the fundamental band gap of 3.39 eV. Coherent modulations of the reflectivity due to the E2 and A1(LO) modes, as well as the 2A1(LO) overtone are observed. ...
Furyk Jeremy - - 2013
AIM: To explore clinical aspects of head injuries caused by ceiling fans in children. METHODS: Cases were identified using a sensitive search strategy of the Townsville Emergency Department information system from 1 December 2005 to 30 April 2010, and a retrospective structured medical record review was undertaken. RESULTS: During the ...
Herbst Florian-Alexander - - 2013
Current knowledge of the physiology and phylogeny of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) degrading bacteria often relies on laboratory enrichments and isolations. In the present study, in situ microcosms consisting of activated carbon pellets (BACTRAP®s) were loaded with either (13) C-naphthalene or (13) C-fluorene and were subsequently exposed in the contaminant ...
Blangetti Marco - - 2013
A general three step asymmetric synthesis of planar chiral [2.2]metacyclophanes utilizing selective benzylic and aryl metalations is described. The final enantioselective step is achieved using a (-)-sparteine mediated aryl metalation, following which electrophile reaction gives planar chiral cyclophanes with enantiomeric ratios (er) above 90 : 10.
Tayel Saadia Ahmed SA Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Kasr El-Aini, 11562, Cairo, - - 2013
Frequent instillation of terbinafine hydrochloride (T HCl) eye drops (0.25%, w/v) is necessary to maintain effective aqueous humor concentrations for treatment of fungal keratitis. The current approach aimed at developing potential positively charged controlled-release polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) of T HCl. The estimation of the drug pharmacokinetics in the aqueous humor ...
Boudour-Boucheker Nesrine - - 2013
The ontogeny of osmoregulatory organs was studied in two geographically isolated populations of the palaemonid shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum, one originating from the Amazon estuary (A) and the other from inland waters of the Pantanal (P) in northeastern and southwestern Brazil, respectively. A previous investigation had shown that the estuarine population ...
De Deurwaerdère P - - 2013
Serotonin2C (5-HT2C) receptors are expressed in the basal ganglia, a group of subcortical structures involved in the control of motor behaviour, mood and cognition. These receptors are mediating the effects of 5-HT throughout different brain areas via projections originating from midbrain raphe nuclei. A growing interest has been focusing on ...
Nakabayashi Hideto H Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, 113-8656, Tokyo, - - 2013
The insulin receptor (IR) is expressed ubiquitously in various tissues, where insulin exerts various biological effects on the target cells, such as cellular metabolic changes, cell proliferation and differentiation. Therefore, mimicry of insulin signaling would be a promising strategy to realize artificial control of such cellular fates. In this study, ...
Mallo Mar - - 2013
Lenalidomide is an effective drug in low-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with isolated del(5q), although not all patients respond. Studies have suggested a role for TP53 mutations and karyotype complexity in disease progression and outcome. In order to assess the impact of complex karyotypes on treatment response and disease progression in ...
Sharma Puja P Department of Pharmaceutics, Rajiv Academy for Pharmacy, P.O. Chattikara, Mathura 281001, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
The aim of the study was to develop single-unit tablet in capsule system of aceclofenac for the treatment of late night pain and morning stiffness associated with rheumatoid arthritis. The system was conceptualized as a three-component design (1) a hard gelatin enteric-coated capsule (for carrying two pulses), (2) first-pulse granules ...
Eisbach Sibylle E - - 2013
Parkinson's disease is characterized by intracellular proteinaceous depositions known as Lewy bodies. These largely consist of the protein α-synuclein, whose physiological function remains unclear, but mutations and overexpression of the protein have been shown to cause early onset cases of Parkinson's disease. Deregulation of α-synuclein biology causes neurodegeneration and impaired ...
Zeng Guohua - - 2013
The Chinese minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) was a modified version of standard PCNL which utilizes smaller tract and sheaths. The aim of this study was to present our experience on its efficacy and safety, and to grade its complications according to the modified Clavien classification. Between 1992 and 2011, ...
Tarabichi M - - 2013
Our knowledge of the biology of solid cancer has greatly progressed during the last few years, and many excellent reviews dealing with the various aspects of this biology have appeared. In the present review, we attempt to bring together these subjects in a general systems biology narrative. It starts from ...
Pym Aaron J - - 2013
AIM: To describe paediatric (0-15 years) motorcycle incidents in Queensland, inform safety policy and identify opportunities to improve data in this area. METHOD: Population-based study of motorcycle-related child (0-15 years) trauma, resulting in fatality or hospital admission beyond 24 h to any Queensland public hospital (2007-2009). Data compiled by Statewide Trauma ...
Qiu Y - - 2013
Avian leukosis virus subgroup A (ALV-A) is a retrovirus which infects egg-type chickens and is the main pathogen of lymphoid leukosis (LL) and myeloid leukosis (ML). In order to greatly enhance the diagnosis and treatment of clinical avian leukemia, two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to ALV-A were developed by fusion between ...
Weiss Kilian - - 2013
Hyperpolarized (13) C-labeled pyruvate is a promising tool to investigate cardiac metabolism. It has been shown that changes in substrate metabolism occur following the induction of ischemia. To investigate the metabolic changes that are confined to spatial regions, high spatiotemporal resolution is required. The present work exploits both spatial and ...
Schmitt S - - 2013
Administration of bisphosphonates (BPs) is an essential supportive treatment for reducing bone-related complications in cancer. Deterioration of renal function is one possible side effect of BPs as well as a clinical feature in multiple myeloma. It has been suggested that the nephrotoxicity of different BPs may differ. We performed a ...
Mayo E - - 2013
The gastrointestinal helminth fauna of 24 Barbary sheep or Aoudad (Ammotragus lervia sahariensis) maintained in the Parque de Rescate de la Fauna Sahariana (PRFS, CSIC, Almeria, Spain) was analyzed. Most animals (87.5 %) were parasitized, and multiple infections were highly present. The following species were identified: Camelostrongylus mentulatus, Teladorsagia circumcincta, Marshallagia ...
Meng Jia - - 2013
Abstract In order to improve the in vitro dissolution rate and in vivo oral bioavailability of the poorly water soluble drug, felodipine (FELO), the wet-milling process was employed involving co-grinding with HPMC E5 and the in vitro release rate as investigated. After solidification by spray drying or freeze drying, the ...
Barnes D M - - 2013
A three-year-old male greyhound was presented with acute onset right forelimb lameness because of medial displacement of the biceps tendon of origin. Ultrasonographic examination confirmed the diagnosis, and a concomitant partial tear of the medial glenohumeral ligament was detected during arthroscopy. To stabilise the biceps tendon, polypropylene mesh was fixed ...
Amagai Y - - 2013
Mast cell tumours are one of the most common neoplasms in dogs. Mutations in the proto-oncogene c-kit, especially internal tandem duplications of exon 11, are considered to play a crucial role in mast cell tumourigenesis. In this report, two cases that suffered from multiple mast cell tumours containing an internal ...
Cavicchiolo Maria Elena - - 2013
ILLUSTRATIVE CASE: We describe the case of a 3-year-old child, diagnosed with familial neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and asymptomatic optic pathway tumor at the age of two, who developed diencephalic syndrome (DS) due to tumor progression 1 year after diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging disclosed an enlarging hypothalamic contrast-enhanced mass. Because of ...
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