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Results 351 - 400 of 2348
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Bilgic Basar - - 2013
Coeliac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease of small intestine associated with sensitivity to gluten. The clinical manifestations are often of gastrointestinal nature, although the disease may be present asymptomatically as well. It is a chronic disease and in the absence of overt neurological involvement, extended gluten exposure may give ...
Wei L G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Gated myocardial perfusion imaging (G-MPI) is regularly performed using single-photon emission computed tomography. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of 99Tcm-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) myocardial imaging in glycogen storage disease (GSD). METHODS: 99Tcm-MIBI G-MPI was performed in nine patients with clinically proven GSD. QGS quantitative software ...
Bieri Franziska A - - 2013
Soil-transmitted helminths are among the most prevalent sources of human infections globally. We determined the effect of an educational package at rural schools in Linxiang City District, Hunan province, China, where these worms are prevalent. The intervention aimed to increase knowledge about soil-transmitted helminths, induce behavioral change, and reduce the ...
Mollet L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an effective treatment for refractory epilepsy. It remains unknown whether VNS efficacy is dependent on output current intensity. The present study investigated the effect of various VNS output current intensities on cortical excitability in the motor cortex stimulation rat model. The hypothesis was that ...
Suzuki Motoshi - - 2013
Since the dawn of transgenic technology some 40 years ago, biologists have sought ways to manipulate, at their discretion, the expression of particular genes of interest in living organisms. The infrared laser-evoked gene operator (IR-LEGO) is a recently developed system for inducing gene expression in living organisms in a targeted fashion. ...
Wang Weiwei - - 2013
Glycine is a major amino acid in mammals and other animals. It is synthesized from serine, threonine, choline, and hydroxyproline via inter-organ metabolism involving primarily the liver and kidneys. Under normal feeding conditions, glycine is not adequately synthesized in birds or in other animals, particularly in a diseased state. Glycine ...
Borenstein Heidi - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the association between oral health and individual-level characteristics as well as both socioeconomic position (SEP) and service provision characteristics at the neighborhood level. Multilevel logistic analysis was undertaken of data from the Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being Study in Toronto comprising ...
Tamura Mikoto - - 2013
In carbon-ion radiotherapy, it is important to evaluate the biological dose because the relative biological effectiveness values vary greatly in a patient's body. The microdosimetric kinetic model (MKM) is a method of estimating the biological effect of radiation by use of microdosimetry. The lateral biological dose distributions were estimated with ...
López-Rodríguez R - - 2013
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) influence many cellular processes, including the modulation of signal transducer and activator of transcription activity (STAT) in response to interferon (IFN). To identify genetic markers that help optimize the IL-28B prediction of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) sustained virological response (SVR), we evaluated 27 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ...
Dixit Shuchi - - 2013
Enantioresolution of four anti-ulcer drugs (chiral sulfoxides), namely, omeprazole, rabeprazole, lansoprazole and pantoprazole, was carried out by high-performance liquid chromatography using a polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phase consisting of monochloromethylated cellulose (Lux cellulose-2) under normal and polar-organic-phase conditions with ultraviolet detection at 285 nm. The method was validated for linearity, accuracy, precision, ...
Pym Aaron J - - 2013
AIM: To describe paediatric (0-15 years) motorcycle incidents in Queensland, inform safety policy and identify opportunities to improve data in this area. METHOD: Population-based study of motorcycle-related child (0-15 years) trauma, resulting in fatality or hospital admission beyond 24 h to any Queensland public hospital (2007-2009). Data compiled by Statewide Trauma ...
Qiu Y - - 2013
Avian leukosis virus subgroup A (ALV-A) is a retrovirus which infects egg-type chickens and is the main pathogen of lymphoid leukosis (LL) and myeloid leukosis (ML). In order to greatly enhance the diagnosis and treatment of clinical avian leukemia, two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to ALV-A were developed by fusion between ...
Weiss Kilian - - 2013
Hyperpolarized (13) C-labeled pyruvate is a promising tool to investigate cardiac metabolism. It has been shown that changes in substrate metabolism occur following the induction of ischemia. To investigate the metabolic changes that are confined to spatial regions, high spatiotemporal resolution is required. The present work exploits both spatial and ...
Schmitt S - - 2013
Administration of bisphosphonates (BPs) is an essential supportive treatment for reducing bone-related complications in cancer. Deterioration of renal function is one possible side effect of BPs as well as a clinical feature in multiple myeloma. It has been suggested that the nephrotoxicity of different BPs may differ. We performed a ...
Mayo E - - 2013
The gastrointestinal helminth fauna of 24 Barbary sheep or Aoudad (Ammotragus lervia sahariensis) maintained in the Parque de Rescate de la Fauna Sahariana (PRFS, CSIC, Almeria, Spain) was analyzed. Most animals (87.5 %) were parasitized, and multiple infections were highly present. The following species were identified: Camelostrongylus mentulatus, Teladorsagia circumcincta, Marshallagia ...
Zhang J-L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The identification of patients at highest risk for adverse outcome who are presenting with acute ischemic stroke to the emergency department remains a challenge. This study firstly investigates the long-term prognostic value of the stress marker copeptin in Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: In a prospective study, ...
Dormont Laurent - - 2013
Odors emitted by human skin are of great interest to biologists in many fields; applications range from forensic studies to diagnostic tools, the design of perfumes and deodorants, and the ecology of blood-sucking insect vectors of human disease. Numerous studies have investigated the chemical composition of skin odors, and various ...
Carlson Hans K - - 2013
Trypsin shaving is a targeted proteomic method for identifying cell-surface exposed proteins on bacterial cells. For the identification of redox-active cell-surface proteins, trypsin shaving datasets can be matched with surface-enhanced Raman spectra of intact cells to identify the cofactors associated with the cell-surface proteins. Together, these approaches could help resolve ...
Paiardi Chiara - - 2013
Usp8 is a deubiquitinating enzyme that works as regulator of endosomal trafficking and is involved in cell proliferation. "In vivo" USP8 is predominantly expressed in the central nervous system and testis, two organs with highly polarized cells. Considering that neuronal cell functionality is strictly dependent on vesicular traffic and ubiquitin-mediated ...
Ehrenfreund Eitan - - 2013
We review the recent advances in both unipolar and bipolar organic spin valves. We discuss mechanisms that dominate the spin relaxation of injected spin aligned carriers and limit their spin diffusion length. A space charge limited current model with ferromagnetic electrodes is used to describe the bipolar organic spin valve ...
Artama Miia - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal health outcomes other than major congenital anomalies in offspring of women with epilepsy (WWE) have not been widely studied, and results of previous studies are conflicting and are mostly based on small numbers. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) pass through the placenta and may affect neonatal outcome. METHODS: This register-based ...
de Witte Pieter Bas - - 2013
"Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS)" is often used as a diagnostic label, but has become more controversial as such in the literature. We assessed views on SIS in clinical practice using a survey with 63 0-10 VAS items among orthopedic surgeons and physical therapists from the United States and the Netherlands. ...
Dokić Jelena - - 2013
Immunoregulatory mechanisms within periapical lesions (PLs) are as yet unexplored. Considering the crucial role of DCs in controlling the immune response within PLs, the immunomodulatory properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and the co-localisation of MSCs and DCs in situ, we wondered whether MSCs from PLs modulate the development and ...
Pedros C - - 2013
Gold or mercury salts trigger a dramatic IgE response and a CD4 T-cell-dependent nephropathy in Brown-Norway (BN), but not in Lewis (LEW) rats. We previously identified the 1.1-Mb Iresp3 (immunoglobin response QTL3) locus on chromosome 9 that controls these gold salt-triggered immune disorders. In the present work, we investigated the ...
Shuai Ying - - 2013
This work creatively uses peroxidase-like ZnS hollow spheres (ZnS HSs) to cooperate with glucose oxidase (GOx) for glucose determinations. This approach is that the ZnS HSs electrocatalytically oxidate the enzymatically generated H2O2 to O2, and then the O2 circularly participates in the previous glucose oxidation by glucose oxidase. Au nanoparticles ...
Ho-Fung Victor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infantile Blount disease is a developmental condition characterized by disorganized endochondral ossification in the medial aspect of the proximal tibial physis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the MR imaging abnormalities in the proximal tibia, distal femur, menisci and ligaments of children with infantile Blount disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated ...
Boogaarts Hieronymus D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with signs and/or symptoms of cervical spondylotic myelopathy are frequently encountered in spinal practice. Exact numbers of prevalence or incidence are not known. METHODS: A literature search was performed by an experienced librarian in Pubmed, Embase, and Scopus. After selection of articles based on titles and abstracts, a ...
Yamamoto Noboru - - 2013
PURPOSE: LY2334737 is an oral gemcitabine prodrug. This Phase I study assessed the safety and tolerability of LY2334737 in Japanese patients with solid tumors and evaluated pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics, and antitumor activity. METHODS: Patients with advanced/metastatic solid tumors received escalating doses of LY2334737 once daily for 14 days, followed by a ...
Poulos Leanne M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend regular use of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)-containing medications for all patients with persistent asthma and those with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is important to identify indicators of inappropriate prescribing. AIMS: To test the hypothesis that ICS are prescribed for the management of respiratory infections ...
Xu F - - 2013
PURPOSE: Curative surgery remains the priority for treatment of stage IA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The purpose of this study is to investigate if the extent of lymph node (LN) dissections affect the prognosis of resected stage IA NSCLC. METHODS: A total of 110 stage IA NSCLC patients who ...
Zin Hafiz M - - 2013
This work investigates the feasibility of using a prototype complementary metal oxide semiconductor active pixel sensor (CMOS APS) for real-time verification of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatment. The prototype CMOS APS used region of interest read out on the chip to allow fast imaging of up to 403.6 frames ...
Blais Lucie - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the validity of the diagnostic codes of congenital malformations (CMs) recorded in two of Québec's administrative databases. METHODS: A cohort of pregnancies and infants born to asthmatic and non-asthmatic women in 1990-2002 was reconstructed using Québec's administrative databases. From this cohort, we selected 269 infants with a ...
Lu Yang - - 2013
Granules are large, self-supporting biofilms that form naturally in high-rate anaerobic treatment systems and are extremely important to reactor functionality. Granules exhibit functional and phylogenetic layering, interesting to both scientists and technologists. Until now, it has only been possible to analyze layering through sectioning and microscopic analysis with fluorescent in ...
Dos Santos-García A J - - 2013
The perovskite form of the Mn2FeSbO6 oxide has been obtained at 5.5 GPa and 1523 K. X-ray and neutron diffraction data reveal that this compound crystallizes in the monoclinic P21/n space group with a = 0.5234 nm, b = 0.5389 nm, c = 0.7642 nm and β = 90.372° lattice parameters. AC and DC magnetic susceptibility measurements suggest the existence of a complex ...
Jung Young Ho - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study is to report the efficacy of routine follow-up after head and neck cancer treatment. Method: Data of 520 head and neck cancer patients registered with between 2002 and 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. Results: The mean ± SD follow-up period taken into account was 34.7 ...
Gomulya Widianta - - 2013
Efficient selection of semiconducting SWCNTs of large diameter range (0.8-1.6 nm) on demand is demonstrated. Different diameters of SWCNT are systematically selected by tuning the alkyl side-chain lengths of the wrapping polymers of similar backbone. The exceptional quality and high concentration of the SWCNTs is validated by the outstanding optical ...
Suzuki Daisuke - - 2013
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is sometimes resistant to conventional chemotherapies, and treatment with 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) is gaining importance as a salvage treatment for refractory or recurrent LCH. Secondary malignancies such as acute myelogenous leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) due to 2-CdA have recently been reported. However, there have been no ...
Lee Juliana Mei-Har - - 2013
Genetic counseling service is urgently required in developing countries. In Malaysia, the first medical genetic service was introduced in 1994 at one of the main teaching hospitals in Kuala Lumpur. Two decades later, the medical genetic services have improved with the availability of genetic counseling, genetic testing and diagnosis, for ...
Loughlin Patrick - - 2013
The discovery of the chlorophyll d-containing cyanobacterium Acaryochloris marina in 1996 precipitated a shift in our understanding of oxygenic photosynthesis. The presence of the red-shifted chlorophyll d in the reaction centre of the photosystems of Acaryochloris has opened up new avenues of research on photosystem energetics and challenged the unique ...
Lai Wenxi - - 2013
Phase relaxation of electrons transferring through an electromechanical transistor is studied using the Aharonov-Bohm interferometer. Using the quantum master equation approach, the phase properties of an electron are numerically analyzed based on the interference fringes. The coherence of the electron is partially destroyed by its scattering on excited levels of ...
Umemura Masayu - - 2013
A 68-year-old Japanese male presented with atrophic erythematous white lesions with peripheral dark reddish rims on his back. Multiple ulcers were detected from his stomach to his large intestine using endoscopy. Although the patient was given high doses of a steroid, aspirin, dipyridamole, and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, he died of ...
Shmatukha Andriy - - 2013
A novel robust and user friendly method for post-processing dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI data is presented, which provides reliable real-time delineation of the borders of thermal ablation lesions on low SNR images shortly after contrast agent injection without any model-based curve fitting. Some simple descriptors of the DCE process ...
Rinkoo Arvind Vashishta - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: High dependency on nursing care in healthcare delivery systems in recent times has made the quality appraisal of nursing care even more imperative for nursing administrators. This study demonstrates the utility of a two-phase technique to identify the most significant shortcomings pertaining to nursing care delivery in ...
Gill T A - - 2013
The cys-motif gene family associated with Campoletis sonorensis ichnovirus contains 10 members, WHv1.6, WHv1.0, VHv1.1, VHv1.4, AHv1.0, A'Hv0.8, FHv1.4, LHv2.8, UHv0.8, and UHv0.8a. The results of this study indicated that, within the encapsidated virion, WHv1.6 is the most abundant cys-motif gene, while the combined AHv genes are the least abundant. ...
Park Kwang-Won - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although Legg-Calvé-Perthes' disease (LCPD) is frequently associated with varying degrees of femoral head deformity and leg length discrepancy (LLD), no factors that predict residual shortening have been clearly identified. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We attempted to determine whether (1) the extent of femoral head involvement; (2) varus osteotomy; and (3) patient demographic ...
Secchiero Paola - - 2013
Besides its well-established oncosuppressor activity, a key function of p53 in regulating metabolic pathways has been recently identified. Nevertheless, the role of p53 with respect to diabetes mellitus (DM) appears highly controversial. To address this issue, we have used the cis-imidazoline compound Nutlin-3, an inhibitor of MDM2/p53 interaction, which represents ...
Morii Takeshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although intensive studies have been conducted to clarify the incidence, risks, and management methods of deep infection of tumor endoprostheses, limited data have been published in respect of the impact of such deep infection on the function of the corresponding limb. METHODS: Clinical data of 125 patients (infection group ...
Ramachandran Raja - - 2013
We describe a 21-year male with mood disorder on lithium therapy and psoriasis-like skin lesions presenting with rapidly progressive renal failure. The kidney biopsy showed acute tubulointerstitial nephritis with immunoglobulin G4-positive plasma cell infiltration. He was started on oral steroids with a provisional diagnosis of IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis. All dermatological, ...
Jiang Bin - - 2013
Cervical cancer remains a great problem for woman health, as it is the second deadly cancer of females worldwide. The infection of human papilloma virus (HPV) is the major risk factor for this cancer, although several other factors are also associated. Oxidative stress or antioxidant deficiency has been frequently identified ...
Sun L - - 2013
Dabigatran etexilate (DE) has recently been introduced for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation, but management of acute ischaemic stroke during therapy with DE is a challenge. Thrombolysis is contraindicated because of a presumed increased risk of intracerebral haemorrhagic complications. We studied in different ischaemia models whether DE increases secondary haemorrhage ...
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