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Results 301 - 350 of 2366
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Yokota Tomoyuki - - 2013
Low-operating-voltage flexible organic thin-film transistors with high thermal stability using DPh-DNTT and SAM gate dielectrics are reported. The mobility of the transistors are decreased by 23% after heating to 250 °C for 30 min. Furthermore, flexible organic pseudo-CMOS inverter circuits, which are functional after heating to 200 °C.
Hobkirk J P - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Small, dense LDL is highly atherogenic and the prevalence is higher in obesity. Weight loss lowers the prevalence of small, dense LDL. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: The important role of TG in lowering LDL peak particle density and the proportion of small, dense ...
Jones Robert C - - 2013
We argue that the recommendations made by the Institute of Medicine's 2011 report, Chimpanzees in Biomedical and Behavioral Research: Assessing the Necessity, are methodologically and ethically confused. We argue that a proper understanding of evolution and complexity theory in terms of the science and ethics of using chimpanzees in biomedical ...
Calzavarini S - - 2013
Coagulation factor V (FV) deficiency is characterised by variable bleeding phenotypes and heterogeneous mutations. To add new insights into the FV genotype-phenotype relationship, we characterised the R1698W change in the A3 domain, at the poorly investigated interface with the A2 domain. The FV R1698W mutation was responsible for a markedly ...
Sankar Sathish - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Typhoid fever is endemic in India, and a seasonal increase of cases is observed annually. In spite of effective therapies and the availability of vaccines, morbidity is widespread owing to the circulation of multiple genetic variants, frequent migration of asymptomatic carriers, unhygienic food practices and the emergence of multidrug ...
Zheng Lei - - 2013
WRKY transcription factors are involved in various biological processes, such as development, metabolism and responses to stress. However, their exact roles in abiotic stress tolerance are largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated a working model for the function of a WRKY gene (ThWRKY4) from Tamarix hispida in the stress response. ThWRKY4 ...
Croce Anna C - - 2013
Excitation at 366-465 nm of bilirubin in aqueous solution with solubilizing agents results in emission spectra composed by two main bands. The variation of their relative contributions as shown by changes in the spectral shape are consistent with the bilirubin bichromophore nature. This latter accounts for an exciton-coupling phenomenon, intramolecular ...
Yahya Abqariyah - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Silica exposure has been associated with an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), especially among smokers. In this study, we aimed at examining the association between silica exposure (and its interaction with smoking) and the risk of RA in the Malaysian population. METHODS: In total, 149 cases and ...
Yoon Henry H HH Department of Psychology, Augsburg College, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, - - 2013
This study determined whether time-domain P3 amplitude and time-frequency principal component (TF-PC) reductions are present in adulthood (age 29) when participants have largely passed through the age of heaviest substance misuse. Participants were assessed from age 17 through 29 for lifetime externalizing (EXT) disorders. EEG comparisons from three topographic regions ...
Munoz-Bendix C - - 2013
Giant cell tumors of the spine are uncommon. Usually they are benign and solitary, but locally very aggressive. Most of them occur at the sacral spine. There are only 26 reported cases in the literature involving this type of tumor in the lumbar spine, in particular exhibiting an intraperitoneal growth. ...
Cox Richard - - 2013
We describe the QSAR Workbench, a system for the building and analysis of QSAR models. The system is built around the Pipeline Pilot workflow tool and provides access to a variety of model building algorithms for both continuous and categorical data. Traditionally models are built on a one by one ...
Shigemura Katsumi - - 2013
PURPOSE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) often causes bacteremia, resulting in shock. The purpose of this study is to investigate urological bacteremia and bacteremia shock cases and seek for the clinical factors associated with urological bacteremic shock. METHODS: Seventy consecutive cases with bacteremia caused by UTI from the Department of Urology, ...
Kadooka Yukio - - 2013
Consumption of fermented milk (FM) containing a probiotic, Lactobacillus gasseri SBT2055 (LG2055), previously showed a reduction in abdominal adiposity in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) using FM with 108 colony-forming units (cfu) of LG2055/g. However, whether the effectiveness is observed at lower concentrations, the recommended minimum or intermediate levels of ...
Bodzay T - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: In type C pelvic ring injuries, the operative stabilization of the posterior ring is absolutely indicated. There exist four different types of operative methods: iliosacral screw fixation, transsacral plate synthesis, ventral plate fixation (primarily for sacroiliac luxations), and local plate synthesis performed on the dorsal cortex of the sacrum. ...
Eid Charbel - - 2013
We present an on-chip electrophoretic assay for rapid and high sensitivity nucleic acid (NA) detection. The assay uses isotachophoresis (ITP) to enhance NA hybridization and an ionic spacer molecule to subsequently separate reaction products. In the first stage, the probe and target focus and mix rapidly in free solution under ...
Miciletta M - - 2013
The activity of the anti-inflammatory agents Flunixin-meglumine (FLU), RS (±) Carprofen (CPF) and S (+) CPF on bovine cyclooxygenases (COXs) has been characterized in feedlot calves using an in vitro whole blood model. The drugs showed equivalent efficacy in their inhibitory activity on COXs, and the rank order of potency ...
Li Jiayang - - 2013
None of the clinical trials of anti-HIV gels based on conventional polymers or lipid emulsions has been successful, suggesting the need of new molecular design of the anti-HIV gels. This paper reports the conversion of anti-HIV prodrugs into self-delivery supramolecular hydrogels. By covalently conjugating reverse transcriptase inhibitors to a versatile ...
Brunken Claus - - 2013
The 532-nm side-fire laser vaporization is established for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia. Meanwhile, the third generation of this system is offered by American Medical Systems, Inc. The laser power increased from 80 and 120 to 180 W from the first to the third generation. Despite good functional ...
Treven Primož - - 2013
Lactobacillus gasseri K7 is a probiotic strain that produces bacteriocins gassericin K7 A and K7 B. In order to develop a real-time quantitative PCR assay for the detection of L. gasseri K7, 18 reference strains of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group and 45 faecal samples of adults who have never consumed ...
Khan Fary - - 2013
The aim of this work is to examine the course and impact of chronic pain and pain-related disability in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) over a 7-year period in the Australian community employing a longitudinal, cross-sectional study using structured interviews and validated measures. The intensity of chronic pain was assessed ...
Xiong F - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : The cytological and physiological features of developing wheat pericarp were clearly characterized in this report. Our results may be helpful to articulate the functions of pericarp during the seed development. Although wheat pericarp has been well studied, knowledge of the sequence of events in the process of ...
Johnson Timothy V - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute-phase reactant with an increasing number of clinical functions. Studies in recent years have identified several social, economic, demographic, and psychological factors that contribute to baseline inflammation. Psychosocial stress represents a significant contributor to baseline inflammation. Given the importance of understanding background drivers of ...
Mayer Helmut K - - 2013
A rapid ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) protocol for the determination of amino acids as their respective 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate (AQC) derivatives was successfully applied for assessing free amino acid levels in commercial cheese samples representing typical product groups (ripening protocols) in cheesemaking. Based on the Waters AccQ.Tag™ method as a ...
Bereket Gamze - - 2013
AIM: The utility of screening urinalysis in asymptomatic children has been questioned based on studies done in school-age children or adolescents. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended to abandon this screening in 2007 but many paediatricians perform it at some point during childhood. Thus, we aimed to investigate usefulness ...
Ippolito Adelaide - - 2013
At the end of 2010, the Federico II University Hospital in Naples, Italy, initiated a series of discussions aimed at designing and applying a positioning matrix to its departments. This analysis was developed to create a tool able to extract meaningful information both to increase knowledge about individual departments and ...
Hale Zachary - - 2013
PURPOSE: An opportunity exists to evaluate the quality of care in patients undergoing intravenous pyelogram (IVP) imaging and to define the role of IVP in the computed tomography scan era. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for patient demographics, inpatient versus outpatient setting, indication for IVP, physician/specialty who ordered IVP, and ...
Tulupyev Alexander - - 2013
Our aim is to model the frequency of certain behavioral acts, especially those that are likely to transmit communicable diseases between persons. We develop a generalized linear model on the basis of the beta prime distribution to model the responses to a survey question of the form, 'When was the ...
Saul Vera V - - 2013
The serine/threonine kinase homeodomain-interacting protein kinase (HIPK2) is a tumor suppressor and functions as an evolutionary conserved regulator of signaling and gene expression. This kinase regulates a surprisingly vast array of biological processes that range from the DNA damage response and apoptosis to hypoxia signaling and cell proliferation. Recent studies ...
Hu Lichao - - 2013
Our previous study has demonstrated that tissue factor-factor VIIa (TF/FVIIa) complex promotes the proliferation and migration of colon cancer cell line SW620 through the activation of protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2). In the current study, the underlying molecular mechanisms of TF/FVIIa/PAR2 signaling in SW620 cells were further explored, with the focus ...
Arslan Derya - - 2013
Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to examine the whether (Asymmetric dimethylarginine) ADMA concentrations are associated with ventricular function in the infant of mothers with gestational diabetes. Methods Twenty-five term newborns of mothers with gestational diabetes and term newborns as the control group (n=25) with normal general health ...
De Nicola Arianna - - 2013
Over the past twenty years, important changes in the Italian health system have led to different approaches in organizing, delivering and financing health services throughout the country's regions. In this paper, we assess the impacts that such changes have had on health efficiency. The analysis performed here is in two ...
Puh Urška - - 2013
PURPOSE: To establish the effects of training on Wii balance board (WBB) after posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction on balance. METHODS: Included patient injured her posterior cruciate ligament 22 months prior to the study. Training on WBB was performed 4 weeks, 6 times per week, 30-45 min per day. Center of pressure (CoP) ...
Buchanan Cara - - 2013
The integration of tissue engineering strategies with microfluidic technologies has enabled the design of in vitro microfluidic culture models that better adapt to morphological changes in tissue structure and function over time. These biomimetic microfluidic scaffolds accurately mimic native 3D microenvironments, as well as permit precise and simultaneous control of ...
Ghajarzadeh Mahsa - - 2013
To evaluate the relationship between disease duration, disability, disease pattern, age and sex with fatigue in MS patients. One hundred and seventy-three clinically definite MS patients and 87 age-matched healthy controls enrolled in this cross sectional study. Demographic data (sex, age), duration of the disease and disease pattern extracted from ...
Mallula Kiran K - - 2013
The pentalogy of Cantrell (PC) was first described in 1958. It includes five anomalies: a deficiency of the anterior diaphragm, a midline supraumbilical abdominal wall defect, a defect in the diaphragmatic pericardium, various congenital intracardiac abnormalities, and a defect of the lower sternum. Five patients showing the PC spectrum are ...
Valerio Cecinati - - 2013
Invasive fungal infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised children. Increases in the incidence of systemic mycoses have been observed during the last 2 decades. Treatment of invasive fungal infections has improved through a better knowledge and application of current treatment strategies and through the development ...
Stoiber Eva Maria - - 2013
Background. To present a new method that determines an optimised IGRT couch correction vector from a displacement vector field (DVF). The DVF is computed by a deformable image registration (DIR) method. The proposed method can improve the quality of volume-of-interest (VOI) alignment in image guided radiation therapy (IGRT), and can ...
Smilevitch Pierre - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Apnea test is a key component to confirm brain death. For patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), apnea test remains challenging. Brain death (BD) diagnosis is often made without apnea test. CASE: We report the case of a 29-year-old man presenting clinical signs of BD while treated with ECMO ...
Turewicz Michael - - 2013
Contemporary protein microarrays like the ProtoArray® are used for autoimmune antibody screening studies to discover biomarker panels. For ProtoArray data analysis the software Prospector and a default workflow are suggested by the manufacturer. While analyzing a large data set of a discovery study for diagnostic biomarkers of the Parkinson's Disease ...
Habbous Steven - - 2013
Background: The prognostic utility of comorbidity on HNC may differ by subsite, stage, and human-papillomavirus (HPV) status. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 4953 HNC patients for comorbidity (Charlson Comorbidity Index, CCI), smoking, and alcohol history. Multivariate proportional hazards assessed the association of CCI with survival. HPV status was ...
van Mens T E - - 2013
Factor V Leiden is a procoagulant mutation associated with venous and arterial thrombosis and pregnancy complications. Its high prevalence of 5% in Caucasians suggests that there are evolutionary benefits as well. Carriers are indeed reported to have various advantageous phenotypes related to haemostasis, inflammation and fertility: less acute blood loss; ...
Powell Jaclyn T - - 2013
Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is an early, non-specific inflammatory response that follows perfusion of warm blood into a cold asanguinous organ following transplantation. The occurrence of IRI may have a pivotal impact on acute and long-term renal allograft function. Initially, IRI contributes to delayed graft function (DGF), a term typically ...
Franken C - - 2013
The cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes are essential for the metabolic activation of the pro-drug prasugrel. Little is known about the impact of polymorphism of these isoenzymes on the prevalence of prasugrel low responsiveness (PLR) in patients with coronary artery disease. We investigated the frequency of PLR and the question whether ...
Papon Nicolas - - 2013
Candida guilliermondii (teleomorph Meyerozyma guilliermondii) is an ascomycetous species belonging to the Saccharomycotina CTG clade which has been studied over the last 40 years due to its biotechnological interest, biological control potential and clinical importance. Such a wide range of applications in various areas of fundamental and applied scientific research ...
Dunne M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Optimal risk factor control is integral to managing patients with proven coronary heart disease (CHD+) and for those at risk of coronary heart disease (CHD-). The primary aim of the study was to assess the success rate of reaching lipid risk factor targets in a multiple risk factor clinic. ...
Atasoy B M - - 2013
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the efficacy and the toxicity of low dose weekly gemcitabine with radiation therapy in medically unfit muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. METHODS: Twenty-six patients were included into the retrospective analysis. Weekly gemcitabine was administered 75 mg/m(2) with a median dose of 63 Gy radiation therapy. Clinical target volume ...
Rickmann Mareike - - 2013
Relapse occurs frequently after treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with the FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation. The availability of immunologic biomarkers to predict patients at high risk could allow clinicians to accelerate alternative treatments such as stem cell transplantation, immunotherapy, or novel drugs. We have ...
Xu Tao - - 2013
Increased expression of microRNA-323-3p (miR-323-3p) has been demonstrated in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblast. The gene encoding miR-323-3p, which is a biomarker in immune and inflammatory responses, occurs in an miRNA cluster in chromosomal region 14q32.31.
Huang Xiaolin - - 2013
A Ru(phen)32+ doped silica fluorescent nanoparticles (FNs) based immunochromatographic test strip (ICTS) sensor was developed for rapid, high sensitivity, easy to use, and low cost quantitative detection of enrofloxacin (ENR) residues in chicken meat. The fluorescence signal intensity of the FNs at the test line (FIT) and control line (FIC) ...
Czudai-Matwich Volker - - 2013
The reverse genetics system for influenza A viruses described by Hoffmann et al. (Virology 267(2):310-317, 2000, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97(11):6108-6113, 2000, ArchVirol 146(12):2275-2289, 2001) is one of the most commonly used. However, this cloning strategy is rather time-consuming and lacks a selection marker to identify positive clones carrying ...
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