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Results 301 - 350 of 2348
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Zhou Xin-Die - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that tranexamic acid reduces blood loss and transfusion need in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. However, no to date, no study has been large enough to determine definitively whether the drug is safe and effective. We examined whether intravenous tranexamic acid, when compared with placebo, was ...
Telford R D - - 2013
We investigated longitudinal and cross-sectional relationships between eye-hand coordination (EHC) and cardiorespiratory fitness (multistage run), physical activity (pedometers), percent body fat (%BF, dual energy x-ray absorptiometry), body image, and organized sport participation (questionnaires) in 406 boys and 384 girls at 8 and 10 years of age. EHC was measured by ...
Duka Ada - - 2013
Hepatopancreatic brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV), made from Atlantic White shrimp (Litopenaeus setiferus), were used to characterize the transport properties of (3)H-L-leucine influx by these membrane systems and how other essential amino acids and the cations, sodium and potassium, interact with this transport system. (3)H-L-leucine uptake by BBMV was pH-sensitive ...
Franks P W - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: PPARGC1A and PPARGC1B encode transcriptional coactivators that regulate numerous type 2 diabetes-related metabolic processes. Common genetic variation across PPARGC1A/B was characterised by genotyping tagging variants. We then tested associations of these variants with diabetes incidence or change in quantifiable metabolic traits directly or via interactions (with metformin treatment or ...
De la Parra-Colín Paola - - 2013
To assess the repeatability and comparability of six anterior segment biometry parameters obtained with a novel Scheimpflug camera with a Placido disc topographer (Sirius) and slit-scanning tomography with a Scheimpflug camera (Pentacam), in a sample of 16 unoperated eyes of healthy subjects. The anterior segment was analyzed by a single ...
Tan Ngiap Chuan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of children with asthma provided with a written asthma action plan (WAAP) are reported to be more confident in their ability to provide care for their child during an asthma exacerbation. However, little is known about how a WAAP impacts on their care processes that contributed to this ...
Xiong F - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : The cytological and physiological features of developing wheat pericarp were clearly characterized in this report. Our results may be helpful to articulate the functions of pericarp during the seed development. Although wheat pericarp has been well studied, knowledge of the sequence of events in the process of ...
Johnson Timothy V - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute-phase reactant with an increasing number of clinical functions. Studies in recent years have identified several social, economic, demographic, and psychological factors that contribute to baseline inflammation. Psychosocial stress represents a significant contributor to baseline inflammation. Given the importance of understanding background drivers of ...
Mayer Helmut K - - 2013
A rapid ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) protocol for the determination of amino acids as their respective 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate (AQC) derivatives was successfully applied for assessing free amino acid levels in commercial cheese samples representing typical product groups (ripening protocols) in cheesemaking. Based on the Waters AccQ.Tag™ method as a ...
Bereket Gamze - - 2013
AIM: The utility of screening urinalysis in asymptomatic children has been questioned based on studies done in school-age children or adolescents. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended to abandon this screening in 2007 but many paediatricians perform it at some point during childhood. Thus, we aimed to investigate usefulness ...
Ippolito Adelaide - - 2013
At the end of 2010, the Federico II University Hospital in Naples, Italy, initiated a series of discussions aimed at designing and applying a positioning matrix to its departments. This analysis was developed to create a tool able to extract meaningful information both to increase knowledge about individual departments and ...
Hale Zachary - - 2013
PURPOSE: An opportunity exists to evaluate the quality of care in patients undergoing intravenous pyelogram (IVP) imaging and to define the role of IVP in the computed tomography scan era. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for patient demographics, inpatient versus outpatient setting, indication for IVP, physician/specialty who ordered IVP, and ...
Tulupyev Alexander - - 2013
Our aim is to model the frequency of certain behavioral acts, especially those that are likely to transmit communicable diseases between persons. We develop a generalized linear model on the basis of the beta prime distribution to model the responses to a survey question of the form, 'When was the ...
Saul Vera V - - 2013
The serine/threonine kinase homeodomain-interacting protein kinase (HIPK2) is a tumor suppressor and functions as an evolutionary conserved regulator of signaling and gene expression. This kinase regulates a surprisingly vast array of biological processes that range from the DNA damage response and apoptosis to hypoxia signaling and cell proliferation. Recent studies ...
Hu Lichao - - 2013
Our previous study has demonstrated that tissue factor-factor VIIa (TF/FVIIa) complex promotes the proliferation and migration of colon cancer cell line SW620 through the activation of protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2). In the current study, the underlying molecular mechanisms of TF/FVIIa/PAR2 signaling in SW620 cells were further explored, with the focus ...
Smulders Charlotte A - - 2013
Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are common problems in adult, pediatric (PICU) and neonatal (NICU) intensive care unit patients. Care bundles have been developed to prevent these hospital-acquired infections and to provide best possible care. Studies in adults have proven that care bundles contribute to a ...
Shi Jieming - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to determine the efficacy of the surgical treatment of lateral Hoffa fracture with a locking plate and cannulated or lag screws through the lateral approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 isolated lateral Hoffa fractures were identified during the study period (February ...
Smanmoo Srung - - 2013
Diimine ligand (DL) 1 significantly exhibited the fluorescence quenching upon binding to guanine. Changing at the para-substituent of the phenyl ring from the hydroxyl to bromo groups reversely enhanced the fluorescence in the presence of guanine. The reverse in the fluorescence selectivity indicated the profound effect of the substituent at ...
Ghosh Manosij - - 2013
With the increasing clinical use of titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) nanoparticles, a better understanding of their safety in the blood stream is required. The present study evaluates the toxic effect of commercially available TiO2 nanoparticles (~100 nm) using a battery of cytotoxic, genotoxic, hemolytic and morphological parameters. The cytotoxic effects ...
Oremus Kresimir - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Postoperatively shed blood salvage is commonly used to reduce allogenic blood transfusion in patients undergoing total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). Autologous blood retransfusion is not devoid of risk. We hypothesized that adding tranexamic acid (TXA) to a restrictive blood transfusion protocol would reduce the need for postoperative ...
Kuroda Wakana - - 2013
An attempt was made to clarify the additive suppressive effects of pranlukast, a cysteinyl leukotriene-receptor (LTR) antagonist, in combination with chlorpheniramine, an antihistamine, on the up-regulation of histamine H1-receptor (H1R) mRNA in toluene 2,4-diisocyanate (TDI)-sensitized rats. Although pre-treatment with pranlukast partially, but significantly, suppressed TDI-induced up-regulation of H1R mRNA and ...
Caiger P E - - 2013
Swim bladder extensions and hearing ability were examined in the temperate reef fish Polyprion oxygeneios (hapuka). Using the auditory evoked potential (AEP) technique, hearing thresholds were determined in four age-classes of hapuka, from larvae to juveniles. The youngest age-class had poor hearing abilities, with lowest thresholds of 132 dB re 1 μPa, ...
Zhang Shi-Xia - - 2013
Colopexy was accomplished in eight healthy mixed-breed dogs by use of a 3-portal laparoscopic technique, without major intraoperative and postoperative complications. A permanent adhesion between the colon and the abdominal wall was observed. Concentrations of acute-phase protein C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in serum as a marker of systemic inflammation ...
Yuan Yongbo - - 2013
Balancing and increasing the flux through an engineered heterologous pathway in a target organism to achieve high yield and productivity remains an overwhelming challenge in metabolic engineering. Here we report a novel strategy combining directed evolution and promoter engineering for rapid and efficient multi-gene pathway optimization. As proof of concept, ...
Tyler Darlene - - 2013
Homeless adults have high rates of hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) and low levels of HCV knowledge. This study reports results of an interdisciplinary, community-based intervention using stakeholder cooperation, case management, risk factor identification, and modification of dysfunctional psychosocial factors to increase HCV knowledge among homeless adults (N = 747). Data are ...
De Deurwaerdère P - - 2013
Serotonin2C (5-HT2C) receptors are expressed in the basal ganglia, a group of subcortical structures involved in the control of motor behaviour, mood and cognition. These receptors are mediating the effects of 5-HT throughout different brain areas via projections originating from midbrain raphe nuclei. A growing interest has been focusing on ...
Mallo Mar - - 2013
Lenalidomide is an effective drug in low-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with isolated del(5q), although not all patients respond. Studies have suggested a role for TP53 mutations and karyotype complexity in disease progression and outcome. In order to assess the impact of complex karyotypes on treatment response and disease progression in ...
Eisbach Sibylle E - - 2013
Parkinson's disease is characterized by intracellular proteinaceous depositions known as Lewy bodies. These largely consist of the protein α-synuclein, whose physiological function remains unclear, but mutations and overexpression of the protein have been shown to cause early onset cases of Parkinson's disease. Deregulation of α-synuclein biology causes neurodegeneration and impaired ...
Zeng Guohua - - 2013
The Chinese minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) was a modified version of standard PCNL which utilizes smaller tract and sheaths. The aim of this study was to present our experience on its efficacy and safety, and to grade its complications according to the modified Clavien classification. Between 1992 and 2011, ...
Xu Tao - - 2013
Increased expression of microRNA-323-3p (miR-323-3p) has been demonstrated in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblast. The gene encoding miR-323-3p, which is a biomarker in immune and inflammatory responses, occurs in an miRNA cluster in chromosomal region 14q32.31.
Huang Xiaolin - - 2013
A Ru(phen)32+ doped silica fluorescent nanoparticles (FNs) based immunochromatographic test strip (ICTS) sensor was developed for rapid, high sensitivity, easy to use, and low cost quantitative detection of enrofloxacin (ENR) residues in chicken meat. The fluorescence signal intensity of the FNs at the test line (FIT) and control line (FIC) ...
Czudai-Matwich Volker - - 2013
The reverse genetics system for influenza A viruses described by Hoffmann et al. (Virology 267(2):310-317, 2000, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97(11):6108-6113, 2000, ArchVirol 146(12):2275-2289, 2001) is one of the most commonly used. However, this cloning strategy is rather time-consuming and lacks a selection marker to identify positive clones carrying ...
Zam Azhar - - 2013
We propose the use of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT) to deliver additional biometrics associated with the finger that could complement existing fingerprint technology for law enforcement applications. The current study extends the existing fingerprint paradigm by measuring additional biometrics associated with sub-surface finger tissue such as sub-surface fingerprints, ...
Perálvarez-Marín Alex - - 2013
Transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels are emerging as a new set of membrane proteins involved in a vast array of cellular processes and regulated by a large number of physical and chemical stimuli, which involves them with sensory cell physiology. The vanilloid TRP subfamily (TRPV) named after the vanilloid ...
Hui Pramiti - - 2013
A 1D paramagnetic organic tube self-assembled from a "clicked" shape-persistent macrocycle carrying high-spin oxoverdazyl biradicals shows optical wave guiding behavior.
Dembek Carole - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of injectable disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for the first-line treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) in Spain. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of intramuscular interferon beta-1a (IM IFNβ-1a), subcutaneous interferon beta-1a (SC IFNβ-1a), interferon beta-1b (IFNβ-1b) and glatiramer acetate (GA) relative ...
Zendehdel Morteza - - 2013
The present study was designed to examine the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of para-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) (cerebral serotonin depletive), fluoxetine (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor), 8-OH-DPAT (5-HT1A autoreceptor agonist) and SB 242084 (5-HT2c receptor antagonist) on nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) induced feeding response in chickens. A guide cannula was surgically implanted into the ...
Park Soojin - - 2013
High-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients are monitored in the ICU for up to 21 days, as they are at risk for complications such as vasospasm of cerebral arteries, cardiac arrhythmias and neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy. The diagnosis of these treatable complications is often delayed by the limitations of monitoring capabilities. We applied ...
Farshid Ahmad - - 2013
Dual-axis rotational coronary angiography (DARCA) is a new imaging technique involving three-dimensional rotation of the gantry around the patient with simultaneous left to right and craniocaudal movements. This allows complete imaging of the left or right coronary tree with a single acquisition run. Previous small studies have indicated that DARCA ...
Santos Vitorino Modesto Dos - - 2013
A 76-year-old male with adenocarcinoma on the right lung underwent five cycles of chemotherapy with pemetrexed disodium, cisplatin, and dexamethasone. Imaging studies of control showed a node in a cavitary lesion on the left lung, and the main hypothesis was Aspergillus infection. PCR was utilized and contributed to establish the ...
Aitasalo Kalle M J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A novel, bioactive, fibre-reinforced composite implant is a solution to address the shortcomings in craniofacial bone reconstruction. A longitudinal, clinical investigation with a follow-up time of 4 years, was conducted. METHODS: A cranial bone reconstruction with the implant was performed to 12 patients. In these patients, the reasons for ...
Suzuki Kazuo - - 2013
An international meeting, The Asia Pacific Meeting of Vasculitis and ANCA Workshop 2012, was held on March 28-31, 2012 at Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan. The meeting focused on vasculitis and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis in the Asia-Pacific area. This was a high-profile event and attracted scientists and physicians from around ...
Boonmuang Pornwalai - - 2013
BACKGROUND: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors [statins], a widely prescribed cholesterol-lowering therapy, are associated with muscle-related adverse events. While characteristics of such events are well documented in Western countries, little data exists for the Thai population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of patients, type and dosing ...
Kroneman Annelies - - 2013
Noroviruses belong to a genus of genetically diverse viruses within the family Caliciviridae and cause acute gastroenteritis in humans and animals. They are subdivided into genogroups, each of which further segregates into genotypes. Until recently, a new genotype was based on a defined pairwise distance cutoff of complete VP1 sequences, ...
Borah Bijan J - - 2013
The quantile regression (QR) framework provides a pragmatic approach in understanding the differential impacts of covariates along the distribution of an outcome. However, the QR framework that has pervaded the applied economics literature is based on the conditional quantile regression method. It is used to assess the impact of a ...
Ceschi Alessandro - - 2013
We report a case of massive suicidal overdose of meprobamate leading to cardiovascular collapse, respiratory failure, and severe central nervous system depression. We observed first-order elimination kinetics despite significant overdose, and demonstrated effectiveness of continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) for extracorporeal removal of meprobamate in this patient. Total body clearance was ...
Wang Jingyu - - 2013
AC electroosmotic (ACEO) flow above the gap between coplanar electrodes is mapped by the measurement of Stokes forces on an optically-trapped polystyrene colloidal particle. E(2) -dependent forces on the probe particle are selected by amplitude modulation (AM) of the ACEO electric field (E) and lock-in detection at twice the AM ...
Xue Sheng-Li - - 2013
Despite improvements in treatment, the prognosis of relapsed or primary refractory acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) remains poor, and outcomes are worse in older adults with the short first complete remission (CR). Attainment of the second CR by salvage therapy would improve the survival of these patients and may enable them ...
Tian Feng-Shou - - 2013
A highly sensitive and simple spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of dobutamine hydrochloride based on its inhibitory effect on the hemoglobin-catalyzed reaction of H2 O2 and l-tyrosine was developed. The relationship between the concentration of dobutamine hydrochloride and the fluorescence quenching (ΔF) of the system is linear under the optimal ...
Wang Jinliang - - 2013
A simulation module is built into the software package colony to simulate marker genotype data of individuals with a predefined parentage and sibship structure. The simulated data can then be used to compare the accuracy, robustness and computational efficiency of different methods for sibship and parentage reconstruction, to examine the ...
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