Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2349
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Lee Paul H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal associations between oral health (OH) and physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are unclear. PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship of self-reported OH with the trajectories of physical and mental HRQoL in Hong Kong at 3, 9, and 15 months after the measurement period using a ...
Kuwatsuka Keiko - - 2013
In clinical studies, electroconvulsive stimuli have been associated with improvements in both depression and treatment-resistant depression. In a previous study, treatment with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) for 14 days decreased adult hippocampal cell proliferation. Furthermore, electroconvulsive stimuli significantly decreased the duration of immobility following repeated administration of ACTH for 14 days ...
Ferreiro J L - - 2013
To date, there is limited data on levels of platelet inhibition achieved in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who are loaded with clopidogrel and aspirin (ASA) prior to undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI). The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the percentage of STEMI patients with high ...
Abdeen Ahmed - - 2013
Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder in Japanese Black cattle, caused by a mutation of the Lyst gene. So far, the mutation has been detected by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. However, this method is disadvantaged by its low-throughput performance. Here, we report an alternative method ...
Cerezo L - - 2013
Background: Incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal carcinomas (OC) is increasing worldwide. Our purpose is to report the incidence in our region, and to determine the influence of HPV status on survival among a heavy smoking population. Methods: p16 expression was analyzed in 102 patients with stage II-IV treated with chemoradiation. Overall ...
Possemato Kyle - - 2013
Substance use and mental health problems are often underdiagnosed and undertreated in primary care. Veterans affairs facilities are using the Behavioral Telehealth Center (BTC) to provide evidence-based assessments for primary care patients via telephone. Whether participation in BTC services is associated with (1) increases in healthcare utilization and (2) decreases ...
Alshara Salem - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in order to investigate the mode of action and the whitening effect of whitening dentifrices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty-six bovine enamel specimens (10 × 10 mm(2)) were prepared, partially stained, and assigned into eight groups (n = 32): six whitening dentifrices, one nonwhitening and deionized water (negative control), ...
Taher Fadi - - 2013
PURPOSE: An exact understanding of patient vertebral artery anatomy is essential to safely place screws at the atlanto-axial level in posterior arthrodesis. We aim to report a case of erosion of the left vertebral artery into the C1-C2 facet complex with resultant rotatory and lateral listhesis presenting with severe occipital ...
Stoiber Eva Maria - - 2013
Background. To present a new method that determines an optimised IGRT couch correction vector from a displacement vector field (DVF). The DVF is computed by a deformable image registration (DIR) method. The proposed method can improve the quality of volume-of-interest (VOI) alignment in image guided radiation therapy (IGRT), and can ...
Smilevitch Pierre - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Apnea test is a key component to confirm brain death. For patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), apnea test remains challenging. Brain death (BD) diagnosis is often made without apnea test. CASE: We report the case of a 29-year-old man presenting clinical signs of BD while treated with ECMO ...
Habbous Steven - - 2013
Background: The prognostic utility of comorbidity on HNC may differ by subsite, stage, and human-papillomavirus (HPV) status. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 4953 HNC patients for comorbidity (Charlson Comorbidity Index, CCI), smoking, and alcohol history. Multivariate proportional hazards assessed the association of CCI with survival. HPV status was ...
van Mens T E - - 2013
Factor V Leiden is a procoagulant mutation associated with venous and arterial thrombosis and pregnancy complications. Its high prevalence of 5% in Caucasians suggests that there are evolutionary benefits as well. Carriers are indeed reported to have various advantageous phenotypes related to haemostasis, inflammation and fertility: less acute blood loss; ...
Powell Jaclyn T - - 2013
Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is an early, non-specific inflammatory response that follows perfusion of warm blood into a cold asanguinous organ following transplantation. The occurrence of IRI may have a pivotal impact on acute and long-term renal allograft function. Initially, IRI contributes to delayed graft function (DGF), a term typically ...
Franken C - - 2013
The cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes are essential for the metabolic activation of the pro-drug prasugrel. Little is known about the impact of polymorphism of these isoenzymes on the prevalence of prasugrel low responsiveness (PLR) in patients with coronary artery disease. We investigated the frequency of PLR and the question whether ...
Papon Nicolas - - 2013
Candida guilliermondii (teleomorph Meyerozyma guilliermondii) is an ascomycetous species belonging to the Saccharomycotina CTG clade which has been studied over the last 40 years due to its biotechnological interest, biological control potential and clinical importance. Such a wide range of applications in various areas of fundamental and applied scientific research ...
Dunne M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Optimal risk factor control is integral to managing patients with proven coronary heart disease (CHD+) and for those at risk of coronary heart disease (CHD-). The primary aim of the study was to assess the success rate of reaching lipid risk factor targets in a multiple risk factor clinic. ...
Atasoy B M - - 2013
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the efficacy and the toxicity of low dose weekly gemcitabine with radiation therapy in medically unfit muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. METHODS: Twenty-six patients were included into the retrospective analysis. Weekly gemcitabine was administered 75 mg/m(2) with a median dose of 63 Gy radiation therapy. Clinical target volume ...
Cayuela Maria Luz - - 2013
Agricultural soils represent the main source of anthropogenic N2O emissions. Recently, interactions of black carbon with the nitrogen cycle have been recognized and the use of biochar is being investigated as a means to reduce N2O emissions. However, the mechanisms of reduction remain unclear. Here we demonstrate the significant impact ...
Williamson David R - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this cohort study was to describe the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for thrombocytopenia in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to evaluate the impact of thrombocytopenia on mortality with further comparisons amongst major diagnostic categories. METHODS: Patients admitted to the ICU from 1997-2011 for cardiac, ...
Kim Daniel C - - 2013
Whispering gallery mode resonators are small, radially symmetric dielectrics that trap light through continuous total internal reflection. The resonant condition at which light is efficiently confined within the structure is linked with refractive index, which has led to the development of sensitive label-free sensing schemes based on whispering gallery mode ...
Yao Yachao - - 2013
SERPINA3K, also known as kallikrein-binding protein (KBP), is a serine proteinase inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic activities. Our previous studies showed that SERPINA3K inhibited proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and induced apoptosis of endothelial cells but had no influence on SGC-7901 gastric carcinoma cells or HepG2 hepatocarcinoma cells. However, it ...
Publicover Amy - - 2013
Peripheral blood haematopoietic progenitor cell mobilization has become a standard procedure prior to autologous stem cell transplantation. Biosimilar granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (GCSF) have recently been awarded European Union (EU) licences for stem cell mobilization but data for their use in this context remain limited. The biosimilar GCSF, Ratiograstim(®) (Ratiopharm, Ulm, ...
Hasegawa Hajime - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the factors affecting the efficacy of combination therapy with losartan and thiazide, with a focus on the significance of salt excretion, via a multicenter observational study. Adult patients with essential hypertension showing therapy resistance to angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) as a monotherapy ...
Walter Leora - - 2013
Background: Few studies have evaluated the trends in head and neck cancer (HNC) in developing countries. The goal of this study is to estimate trends in incidence of HPV-associated (HPV-R) and non-associated (HPV-U) HNC in Lima, Peru from 1987-2008. Methods: Registry data from a single public cancer hospital were used ...
Cao Zhen Huan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Current treatments for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) are suboptimal. Potential ways of improving the rate of sustained response include combining the immunomodulatory properties of interferon α with the antiviral potency of nucleos(t)ide analogues and extending the duration of therapy. The present study investigated the efficacy and safety of extended ...
Edmunds Julie M - - 2013
The training literature suggests that ongoing support following initial therapist training enhances training outcomes, yet little is known about what occurs during ongoing support and what accounts for its effectiveness. The present study examined consultation sessions provided to 99 clinicians following training in cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth anxiety. Recorded consultation ...
Besada Emilio - - 2013
Type-1 cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV) and mixed CV differ in their pathophysiology, clinical expression and treatment response. We report one patient with type-1 cryoglobulinemic vasculitis and skin ulcers that had remained active despite treatment with a variety of immunomodulating drugs including rituximab. The patient had a past medical history of non-Hodgkin ...
Almeida Lígia Moreira - - 2013
Recent guidelines from the World Health Organization emphasize the need to monitor the social determinants of health, with particular focus on the most vulnerable groups. With this in mind, we evaluated the access, use and perceived quality of care received by migrant women during pregnancy and early motherhood, in a ...
Alves Hemerson B - - 2013
Allelic frequencies for 15 STR autosomal loci, using AmpFℓSTR® Identifiler™, forensic, and statistical parameters were calculated. All loci reached the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The combined power of discrimination and mean power of exclusion were 0.999999999999999999 and 0.9999993, respectively. The MDS plot and NJ tree analysis, generated by FST matrix, corroborated the ...
Fonda B - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) on biochemical, pain, and performance parameters during the 5-day recovery period after damaging exercise for hamstrings. Participants completed a bout of damaging exercise for the hamstring muscles on two separate occasions (control and experimental condition) separated ...
Hand F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The internet has revolutionised the way we search for information. We determined the level of internet use by parents of children attending general surgical services and identified trends in online information-seeking behaviour. METHODS: A questionnaire based on the work by Boston and Tassone was distributed to parents attending both ...
Lucas S R R - - 2013
A lipid nanoemulsion (LDE) resembling low-density lipoprotein can target malignant tumours. In in vivo and clinical studies, association of chemotherapeutic agents to LDE decreased their toxicity and increased pharmacological action. Here, safety of LDE as carmustine carrier (50 mg m(-2) , intravenous) combined with vincristine and prednisone for the treatment of dogs ...
Oh-Hashi Kentaro - - 2013
Recently, cation transport regulator homolog 1 (Chac1) has been identified as a novel pro-apoptotic factor in cells under endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Of the three major ER stress sensors, it is suggested that ATF4 participates in the transcriptional regulation of Chac1 gene expression. The precise characterization of the Chac1 promoter, ...
Wielage Ronald C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Duloxetine has recently been approved in the USA for chronic musculoskeletal pain, including osteoarthritis and chronic low back pain. The cost effectiveness of duloxetine in osteoarthritis has not previously been assessed. Duloxetine is targeted as post first-line (after acetaminophen) treatment of moderate to severe pain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of ...
Wanek Johann - - 2013
X-ray imaging is a nondestructive and preferred method in paleopathology to reconstruct the history of ancient diseases. Sophisticated imaging technologies such as computed tomography (CT) have become common for the investigation of skeletal disorders in human remains. Researchers have investigated the impact of ionizing radiation on living cells, but never ...
Huang Chih-Kun - - 2013
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been accepted as stand-alone restrictive bariatric procedure; laparoscopic adjustable gastric banded plication (LAGBP) is an innovative technique combining gastric banding and plication of the stomach. This study aims to compare LAGBP with LSG in terms of percent excess weight loss (%EWL), resolution of comorbidities, and ...
Choi Seung Ho - - 2013
SnO2-CuO composite nanorods with a Janus structure were prepared by one-step flame spray pyrolysis. High-aspect-ratio SnO2 nanorods were positioned on one side of the spherical CuO powder. The mean length of the rod-shaped crystals decreased from 200 to 20 nm when the SnO2 content in the composite powders decreased from ...
Yao Aining - - 2013
Imidazolium-based Fe-containing ionic liquids (ILs) can directly dissolve UO2 in the presence of their corresponding imidazolium chlorides without additional oxidants. The dissolution process follows pseudo first-order kinetics initially. Raman spectroscopic studies indicate that FeCl4(2-) is the predominant reduction product after UO2 dissolution, and attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicates ...
Dawar Pankaj - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Extrapulmonary skeletal involvement of calvarium in tuberculosis is very uncommon and presentation in an infant has never been reported. It usually presents as a painless scalp swelling, often with a discharging sinus. DISCUSSION: We report here a case of extensive calvarial tuberculosis seen in an infant presenting as exophytic ...
Shcherbinin S - - 2013
We investigate the quantitative accuracy of the reconstruction of absolute (99m)Tc and (111)In activities from (99m)Tc/(111)In dual-isotope SPECT studies. The separate reconstruction of two images is achieved by applying Monte Carlo simulation-based corrections for self-scatter and cross-talk between energy windows. For method evaluation, a series of (99m)Tc/(111)In physical phantom experiments ...
Zietz Carmen - - 2013
Larger femoral heads lead to a decreased risk of total hip dislocation and an improved range of motion. However, the larger diameter is associated with increased wear rates. The low wear rates of crosslinked polyethylene opens up the possibility of using larger heads. The aim of this experimental study was ...
Yazer Mark - - 2013
The growing use of group AB plasma in the United States in recent years poses unique challenges to blood centers and transfusion services. Blood centers must collect sufficient plasma components from a limited pool of group AB donors while taking steps to improve transfusion safety that further restricts the available ...
Costanzo Luca - - 2013
AIMS: Fabry disease (FD) is a rare X-linked genetic disorder caused by the deficiency or absent activity of lysosomal α-galactosidase A. Cardiovascular remodelling is a hallmark of FD. The present study aimed to comprehensively evaluate the cardiac, vascular and microvascular status in a population of patients with genetic mutations for ...
Wagner Darcy E - - 2013
For patients with end-stage lung diseases, lung transplantation is the only available therapeutic option. However, the number of suitable donor lungs is insufficient and lung transplants are complicated by significant graft failure and complications of immunosuppressive regimens. An alternative to classic organ replacement is desperately needed. Engineering of bioartificial organs ...
Pirog Tetyana - - 2013
Intensification of the surfactant synthesis by Rhodococcus erythropolis IMV Ac-5017 on different substrates, including industrial waste, as well as the use of surfactant preparations for oil degradation were studied. It was established that the addition of fumarate (0.2 %) and citrate (0.1 %) into the medium with ethanol, n-hexadecane, or glycerol (1-2 %) ...
Shikako-Thomas Keiko - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome of health interventions for children and youth with cerebral palsy (CP). When planning interventions it is fundamental to understand what constitutes a good QoL, a subjective construct, and what factors are important to consider from both parents' and children's perspectives. ...
Kim Tae-Young - - 2013
Thin films of rare earth (RE)-doped BiFeO3 (where RE=Sm, Ho, Pr and Nd) were grown on LaAlO3 substrates by using the pulsed laser deposition technique. All the films show a single phase of rhombohedral structure with space group R3c. The saturated magnetization in the Ho- and Sm-doped films is much ...
Kim J-H - - 2013
A multi-modality approach that encompasses maximal surgical resection in combination with adjuvant therapy is critical for achieving optimal disease control in children with ependymoma. In view of its complex biology and variable response to therapy, ependymoma remains a challenge for clinicians involved in the care of these patients. Meanwhile, translation ...
Pretzel Jette - - 2013
: The most important parasitic diseases, malaria, leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, and schistosomiasis, are a great burden to mankind, threatening the life of millions of people worldwide and mostly affecting the poorest. Because drug resistance is increasing and vaccines are rarely available, novel chemotherapeutic compounds are necessary in order to treat these ...
Rasmussen Christina B - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the potential association between a history of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer or ovarian borderline tumors. METHODS: In a population-based case-control study in Denmark, we included 554 women with invasive ovarian cancer, 202 with ovarian borderline ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >