Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2366
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Melillo Karen Devereaux - - 2013
Cognitive health, memory complaints, and cognitive impairment among older workers have begun to receive attention in the research, practice, education, and policy arenas. With the aging population of the United States continuing to increase, projections are that the number of workers 65 and older is also expected to increase. Concerns ...
Berneburg M - - 2013
Phototherapy represents one of the essential options in the treatment of skin diseases by dermatologists. The beginnings of phototherapy were based on empirical observations and only later the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms of the different modalities of phototherapy were unravelled by scientific research. Due to these findings, some phototherapeutic ...
- - 2013
Before the 1970s, the United States sometimes disposed of at sea excess, obsolete, or unserviceable munitions, including chemical munitions. Chemical munitions known to have been disposed of at sea included munitions filled with sulfur mustard, a vesicant (i.e., an agent that causes chemical burns or blisters of the skin and ...
Schröder C - - 2013
In contrast to fracture fixation, when performing an osteotomy the surgeon is able to plan preoperatively. The resulting fixation and compression of the bone fragments are the most important points. A stable osteosynthesis should prevent dislocation of bone fragments and improve bone healing. Beside plates, cerclages can be used for ...
- - 2013
Tubersol, a product of Sanofi Pasteur Limited, is in short supply nationwide until at least the end of May 2013. Tubersol is one of two purified-protein derivative (PPD) tuberculin products licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The manufacturer has notified CDC that 50-dose vials of Tubersol will remain ...
Henke M O - - 2013
Dyspnea is one of the major clinical symptoms which patients report to general practitioners, internists, cardiologists and hospitals. In this review article we discuss the evidence of medical history, laboratory procedures and diagnostic investigations to approach patients with acute or chronic dyspnea and try to structure this complex symptom dyspnea ...
Doll Gayle M - - 2013
Older adults' sexuality and sexual expression are often overlooked in nursing home and residential care settings. Despite cultural beliefs that this population is asexual, sexual activity occurs frequently among residents in long-term care. This study, using written survey instrumentation, examines the scope of resident sexuality, staff reactions to sexual behavior, ...
Bschleipfer T - - 2013
The prevalence of overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) increases with age and is associated with a clear reduction in patient quality of life. Age-related alterations of the urinary bladder as well as increased occurrence of neurological and non-neurological diseases with age contribute to the onset of OAB. Antimuscarinic drugs are the ...
- - 2013
Obliterative bronchiolitis, a rare, irreversible form of fixed obstructive lung disease, has been identified in workers exposed to flavoring chemicals while working in the microwave-popcorn and flavoring-manufacturing industries; the occupational risk to workers outside these industries is largely unknown. This report describes two cases of obliterative bronchiolitis identified in workers ...
Schulz R - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Mobile geriatric rehabilitation is an outpatient rehabilitative treatment in which a multidisciplinary team treats elderly patients at home. This kind of treatment has been performed in rare cases in Germany but there are no data available on the effectiveness in patients with severe cognitive and functional impairment. MATERIAL AND ...
Sugino Kiminori - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hürthle cell carcinoma (HCC) is a rare form of thyroid carcinoma and is considered an oxyphilic variant of follicular thyroid carcinoma. However, little is known about its biological characteristics or clinical behavior. We conducted a retrospective study to determine whether the prognosis of HCC differs from that of ordinary ...
Tsaur I - - 2013
More than 80 % of renal cell carcinomas are currently being detected incidentally by ultrasonic imaging and often affect elderly patients with substantial comorbidities. Surgical options cannot be applied in this cohort as routinely as in younger patients, as in some cases the perioperative risk factors may outweigh the risk of ...
- - 2013
Acrolein is an aquatic herbicide used in the western United States to prevent impaired water flow in irrigation canals. Despite its toxicity, few cases of acrolein-related illness have been reported in the literature. On August 15, 2012, an irrigation district notified the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries (L&I) ...
Jansen K - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: West syndrome is an epileptic encephalopathy starting in infancy with almost continuous interictal epileptic activity, so-called hypsarrhythmia pattern, and therefore is an interesting model for investigating the effect of interictal epileptic activity on autonomic function. It is known that autonomic dysfunction contributes to morbidity and mortality in epilepsy. Our ...
Assentoft Mette - - 2013
Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is the predominant water channel in the mammalian brain and is mainly expressed in the perivascular glial endfeet at the brain-blood interface. AQP4 has been described as an important entry and exit site for water during formation of brain edema and regulation of AQP4 is therefore of ...
Chitta Rajesh - - 2013
The elution behavior of polyethylene and the three stereoisomers of polypropylene was studied on porous graphite along with three other carbon-based sorbents, carbon-clad zirconia particles, activated carbon and exfoliated graphite in a systematic way in this work. Decahydronaphthalene, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydrohaphthalene, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene, xylene and p-xylene were used as mobile phases. While polyethylene ...
Lo Yu-Lun - - 2013
Poly(2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) is one of the most potent synthetic nonviral gene-delivery vectors because of its high transfection efficiency. However, the cytotoxicity of PDMAEMA is a major concern for its clinical applications. An anionic crosslinker is synthesized based on a natural polysaccharide, chondroitin sulfate (CS), by introducing methacrylate groups (CSMA). ...
Vargas Ignacio T - - 2013
Pyrosequencing was used to characterize bacterial communities in air-cathode microbial fuel cells across a volumetric (graphite fiber brush) and a planar (carbon cloth) anode, where different physical and chemical gradients would be expected associated with the distance between anode location and the air cathode. As expected, the stable operational voltage ...
Maldaner Franciele Roberta - - 2013
Dengue virus causes about 100 million cases of dengue disease per year in the world. Laboratory diagnosis is done mainly by serological techniques, which in many cases use crude virus extracts that may cause cross-reactions to other flaviviruses. These undesirable cross-reactions can be reduced or eliminated by using recombinant proteins ...
Steinhagen Folkert - - 2013
Synthetic oligonucleotides (ODN) expressing CpG motifs mimic the ability of bacterial DNA to trigger the innate immune system via TLR9. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) make a critical contribution to the ensuing immune response. This work examines the induction of anti-viral (IFN-β) and pro-inflammatory (IL-6) cytokines by CpG stimulated human pDCs ...
Dorn Ii Gerald W - - 2013
Defects in mitochondrial biogenesis are well known to contribute to cardiac dysfunction. By contrast, mechanistic details of essential homeostatic mechanisms that maintain mitochondrial health in the heart are only recently being uncovered, and the pathological potential of these processes is largely hypothetical. I will review the role of mitochondrial dynamics, ...
Sculley Julian P - - 2013
In order for any material to be considered in a post-combustion carbon capture technology, it must have high working capacities of CO2 from flue gas and be regenerable using as little energy as possible. Shown here is an easy to use method to calculate both working capacities and regeneration energies ...
Cohen Stephanie A - - 2013
Increasing demand for genetic services has resulted in the need to evaluate current service delivery models (SDMs) and consider approaches that improve access to and efficiency of genetic counseling (GC). This study aimed to describe SDMs currently used by the GC community. The NSGC membership was surveyed regarding the use ...
Lin Zhixiong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the relationship of HPV and EBV with race in endemic and non-endemic cohorts of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and with smoking status in the non-endemic cohort. METHODS: Tissue microarrays (TMA) were constructed using samples from 86 patients treated in southern China and 108 patients from Stanford. ...
Seo Young-Kwon - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biological response and gene expression of New Zealand White Rabbit anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) fibroblasts for different wave lengths of light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation. In other words, this study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of different wavelengths of LED irradiation ...
Allen David G - - 2013
The study by Hvid et al. (2013) brings together two themes in muscle research; needle biopsy of human muscle and attempts to understand the mechanism of fatigue. Muscle biopsy has been in use since at least the time of Duchenne (1868) but the modern approach was pioneered by Bergström (1962). It ...
Davids Matthew S - - 2013
ABSTRACT Despite recent advances in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with chemoimmunotherapy, many CLL patients are older or frail and cannot tolerate aggressive chemotherapy. Even those who can inevitably develop resistance due to factors such as deletion of pro-apoptotic factors like TP53 or the support of pro-survival signals ...
Hofmann Darija - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Service-user partnerships in research exist in mental health, but there have been few advances in other disciplines, apart from cancer. OBJECTIVES: To develop a patient-generated expectancy measure for new treatments in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using a participatory method. METHOD: Stage 1: three repeated focus groups and two expert panels ...
Lee Sung Yong SY Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, CRB II Room 309, 1550 Orleans Street, Baltimore, MD 21231, - - 2013
Despite the conventional treatments of radiation therapy and chemotherapy, the 5-year survival rates for patients with advanced-stage cervical cancers remain low. Cancer immunotherapy has emerged as an alternative, innovative therapy that may improve survival. Here, we utilize a preclinical HPV-16 E6/E7-expressing tumor model, TC-1, and employ the chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin ...
Tarquini F - - 2013
Several epidemiological studies showed that gestational diabetes mellitus is the most frequent metabolic disorder of pregnancy, the pathogenesis of which has yet to be completely clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence and processing of caspase 3 (Casp3) and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) in cord blood ...
Pratt G - - 2013
Bendamustine is a unique bifunctional alkylating agent with promising activity in myeloma. Despite the increasing number of studies demonstrating its efficacy in both the upfront and relapse settings, including patients with renal insufficiency, the optimal use of bendamustine, in terms of dosage, schedule and combination with other agents, has yet ...
Venkatasubbu G Devanand - - 2013
Targeted drug delivery using nanocrystalline materials delivers the drug at the deseased site. This increases the efficacy of the drug in killing the cancer cells. Surface modifications were done to target the drug to a particular receptor on the cell surface. This paper reports synthesis of hydroxyapatite and titanium dioxide ...
Johansson Pär I - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage accounts for most preventable trauma deaths, but still the optimal strategy for hemostatic resuscitation remains debated. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of adult trauma patients admitted to a Level I trauma center. Demography, Injury Severity Score (ISS), transfusion therapy, and mortality were registered. Hemostatic ...
Cayuela Maria Luz - - 2013
Agricultural soils represent the main source of anthropogenic N2O emissions. Recently, interactions of black carbon with the nitrogen cycle have been recognized and the use of biochar is being investigated as a means to reduce N2O emissions. However, the mechanisms of reduction remain unclear. Here we demonstrate the significant impact ...
Williamson David R - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this cohort study was to describe the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for thrombocytopenia in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to evaluate the impact of thrombocytopenia on mortality with further comparisons amongst major diagnostic categories. METHODS: Patients admitted to the ICU from 1997-2011 for cardiac, ...
Yao Yachao - - 2013
SERPINA3K, also known as kallikrein-binding protein (KBP), is a serine proteinase inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic activities. Our previous studies showed that SERPINA3K inhibited proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and induced apoptosis of endothelial cells but had no influence on SGC-7901 gastric carcinoma cells or HepG2 hepatocarcinoma cells. However, it ...
Publicover Amy - - 2013
Peripheral blood haematopoietic progenitor cell mobilization has become a standard procedure prior to autologous stem cell transplantation. Biosimilar granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (GCSF) have recently been awarded European Union (EU) licences for stem cell mobilization but data for their use in this context remain limited. The biosimilar GCSF, Ratiograstim(®) (Ratiopharm, Ulm, ...
Hasegawa Hajime - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the factors affecting the efficacy of combination therapy with losartan and thiazide, with a focus on the significance of salt excretion, via a multicenter observational study. Adult patients with essential hypertension showing therapy resistance to angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) as a monotherapy ...
Walter Leora - - 2013
Background: Few studies have evaluated the trends in head and neck cancer (HNC) in developing countries. The goal of this study is to estimate trends in incidence of HPV-associated (HPV-R) and non-associated (HPV-U) HNC in Lima, Peru from 1987-2008. Methods: Registry data from a single public cancer hospital were used ...
Cao Zhen Huan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Current treatments for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) are suboptimal. Potential ways of improving the rate of sustained response include combining the immunomodulatory properties of interferon α with the antiviral potency of nucleos(t)ide analogues and extending the duration of therapy. The present study investigated the efficacy and safety of extended ...
Besada Emilio - - 2013
Type-1 cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV) and mixed CV differ in their pathophysiology, clinical expression and treatment response. We report one patient with type-1 cryoglobulinemic vasculitis and skin ulcers that had remained active despite treatment with a variety of immunomodulating drugs including rituximab. The patient had a past medical history of non-Hodgkin ...
Almeida Lígia Moreira - - 2013
Recent guidelines from the World Health Organization emphasize the need to monitor the social determinants of health, with particular focus on the most vulnerable groups. With this in mind, we evaluated the access, use and perceived quality of care received by migrant women during pregnancy and early motherhood, in a ...
Dong Jing - - 2013
Superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic properties of chemically-modified graphene have been achieved in larger-area vertically aligned few-layer graphene nanosheets (FLGs), prepared on Si (111) substrate by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MPCVD). Furthermore, in order to enhance wettability, silicon wafers with microstructures were fabricated, on which graphene nanosheets were grown and modified ...
Abreu Cecilia - - 2013
Abstract Among different prognostic factors in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL), we previously demonstrated that lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is associated with an unmutated immunoglobulin profile and clinical poor outcome. Despite the usefulness of LPL for CLL prognosis, its functional role and the molecular mechanism regulating its expression are still open questions. ...
Christofi Theodoulakis - - 2013
: Cancer was the disease of the twentieth century. Today it is still a leading cause of death worldwide despite being intensively investigated. Abundant knowledge exists regarding the pathological and molecular mechanisms that drive healthy cells to become malignant and form metastatic tumors. The relation of oncogenes and tumor suppressors ...
Smilowitz Henry M - - 2013
A reproducible therapy model for advanced intracerebral B16 melanoma is reported. Implanted tumors (D0), suppressed by a single 15 Gy radiosurgical dose of 100 kVp X-rays (D8), were further suppressed by a single ip injection of a Treg-depleting mAb given 2 days prior to the initiation (D9) of four weekly then eight bi-monthly ...
Chandran M - - 2013
A significant care gap exists in the management of osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporosis Patient Targeted and Integrated Management for Active Living (OPTIMAL) is a secondary fracture prevention program instituted in the public hospitals of Singapore. We aim to describe the operational characteristics of OPTIMAL and initial audit data of patients who ...
Chung Jin - - 2013
Background. To evaluate optimal indication of thyroglobulin (Tg) measurement in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) for detecting lateral metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods. We performed a retrospective study of 241 LNs of 220 patients who underwent ultrasound-guided FNA (US-FNA) with Tg in FNA washout fluid (FNA-Tg) ...
Verhamme P - - 2013
TB-402 is a long-acting monoclonal antibody that partially inhibits factor VIII. A single administration of TB-402 was effective and well-tolerated for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total knee replacement. In this study, the efficacy and safety of a single administration of TB-402 for the extended prophylaxis of VTE ...
Kuntz J - - 2013
Image-guided interventions are an increasingly important part of clinical minimally invasive procedures. However, up to now they cannot be performed under 4D (3D + time) guidance due to the exceedingly high x-ray dose. In this work we investigate the applicability of compressed sensing reconstructions for highly undersampled CT datasets combined ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >