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Results 201 - 250 of 2348
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Ummarino G A - - 2013
The phenomenology of a LiFeAs superconductor can be explained in the framework of four-band s±-wave Eliashberg theory. We have examined the experimental data available in the literature and we have found that it is possible to reproduce the experimental critical temperature, the gap values and the upper critical magnetic field ...
Sankar Sathish - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Typhoid fever is endemic in India, and a seasonal increase of cases is observed annually. In spite of effective therapies and the availability of vaccines, morbidity is widespread owing to the circulation of multiple genetic variants, frequent migration of asymptomatic carriers, unhygienic food practices and the emergence of multidrug ...
Zheng Lei - - 2013
WRKY transcription factors are involved in various biological processes, such as development, metabolism and responses to stress. However, their exact roles in abiotic stress tolerance are largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated a working model for the function of a WRKY gene (ThWRKY4) from Tamarix hispida in the stress response. ThWRKY4 ...
Croce Anna C - - 2013
Excitation at 366-465 nm of bilirubin in aqueous solution with solubilizing agents results in emission spectra composed by two main bands. The variation of their relative contributions as shown by changes in the spectral shape are consistent with the bilirubin bichromophore nature. This latter accounts for an exciton-coupling phenomenon, intramolecular ...
Yahya Abqariyah - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Silica exposure has been associated with an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), especially among smokers. In this study, we aimed at examining the association between silica exposure (and its interaction with smoking) and the risk of RA in the Malaysian population. METHODS: In total, 149 cases and ...
Munoz-Bendix C - - 2013
Giant cell tumors of the spine are uncommon. Usually they are benign and solitary, but locally very aggressive. Most of them occur at the sacral spine. There are only 26 reported cases in the literature involving this type of tumor in the lumbar spine, in particular exhibiting an intraperitoneal growth. ...
Shigemura Katsumi - - 2013
PURPOSE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) often causes bacteremia, resulting in shock. The purpose of this study is to investigate urological bacteremia and bacteremia shock cases and seek for the clinical factors associated with urological bacteremic shock. METHODS: Seventy consecutive cases with bacteremia caused by UTI from the Department of Urology, ...
Kadooka Yukio - - 2013
Consumption of fermented milk (FM) containing a probiotic, Lactobacillus gasseri SBT2055 (LG2055), previously showed a reduction in abdominal adiposity in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) using FM with 108 colony-forming units (cfu) of LG2055/g. However, whether the effectiveness is observed at lower concentrations, the recommended minimum or intermediate levels of ...
Wu S - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the heart and lung dosimetry results associated with accelerated partial breast irradiation intensity-modulated radiotherapy (APBI-IMRT) and whole breast field-in-field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (WBI-FIF-IMRT). METHODS: A total of 29 patients with early-stage breast cancer after lumpectomy were included in this study. APBI-IMRT and WBI-FIF-IMRT plans were generated for each ...
Orsmond Gael I - - 2013
Investigating social participation of young adults with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is important given the increasing number of youth aging into young adulthood. Social participation is an indicator of life quality and overall functioning. Using data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study 2, we examined rates of participation in ...
Keck Thomas M - - 2013
RATIONALE: The metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) has been reported to be critically involved in drug reward and addiction. Because the mGluR5 negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP) and 3-((2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl)pyridine (MTEP) significantly inhibit addictivelike behaviors of cocaine and other drugs of abuse in experimental animals, it has been suggested ...
Tsuboi Ayaka - - 2013
Aim: There have been inconsistent reports regarding the relationship between the iron status and coronary vascular diseases (CVD). Recently, low serum iron levels have been shown to be associated with mortality from CVD in women.Methods: The relationships between the serum iron levels and traditional and nontraditional risk factors for CVD ...
Dewoody J Andrew - - 2013
Molecular ecologists have good reasons to be excited about the newest DNA/RNA sequencing technologies. However, this exuberance should be tempered with a hefty dose of reality: new sequencing technologies come with significant new challenges. Herein, we offer a brief overview of some practical problems encountered during transcriptomics studies conducted in ...
Chae Su-Kyoung - - 2013
A new method for the microfluidic spinning of ultrathin fibers with highly ordered structures is proposed by mimicking the spinning mechanism of silkworms. The self-aggregation is driven by dipole-dipole attractions between polar polymers upon contact with a low-polarity solvent to form fibers with nanostrands. The induction of Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities at ...
Subramanian Hemachander - - 2013
We theoretically investigate the interplay between local lattice distortions around the Mn(2+) impurity ion and its magnetization, mediated through spin-orbit coupling of holes. We show that the tetrahedral symmetry around the Mn(2+) ion is spontaneously broken and that local Jahn-Teller distortions coupled with growth strain result in uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. ...
Amadou A - - 2013
The association of overweight and obesity with premenopausal breast cancer remained unclear, ethnicity could play a role. A MEDLINE and PUBMED search of all studies on obesity and premenopausal breast cancer published from 2000 to 2010 was conducted. Dose-response meta-analysis was used to determine the risk of premenopausal breast cancer ...
Guo Qing - - 2013
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is an indolent disease with a prolonged clinical course that most often involves the stomach. Clinically, for Helicobacter pylori-positive low-grade MALT lymphoma, antibiotics have been used as the first-line treatment. The recommended anti-Helicobacter triple drug therapy includes a proton pump inhibitor (or ranitidine bismuth citrate), ...
Chen Xiaochun - - 2013
The objective of this research was to understand how the initial glucose concentration influences adenosine (AR) production and metabolic flux shift on the cultivation of Bacillus subtilis CGMCC 4484. Experiments confirmed that initial glucose concentration affects cell growth, AR production and metabolites, significantly. The flux distribution at the key nodes ...
Tehrani Golnaz Asaadi - - 2013
Expression of bacterial luciferase enzyme (lux) in eukaryotic cells would provide a new bioreporter system for in vivo imaging and diagnostics technology. In spite of this, until now only a few efforts have been made to express bacterial luciferase enzyme in eukaryotic cells. We attempted to synthesize an expression construct ...
Lee Paul H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal associations between oral health (OH) and physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are unclear. PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship of self-reported OH with the trajectories of physical and mental HRQoL in Hong Kong at 3, 9, and 15 months after the measurement period using a ...
Kuwatsuka Keiko - - 2013
In clinical studies, electroconvulsive stimuli have been associated with improvements in both depression and treatment-resistant depression. In a previous study, treatment with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) for 14 days decreased adult hippocampal cell proliferation. Furthermore, electroconvulsive stimuli significantly decreased the duration of immobility following repeated administration of ACTH for 14 days ...
Ferreiro J L - - 2013
To date, there is limited data on levels of platelet inhibition achieved in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who are loaded with clopidogrel and aspirin (ASA) prior to undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI). The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the percentage of STEMI patients with high ...
Abdeen Ahmed - - 2013
Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder in Japanese Black cattle, caused by a mutation of the Lyst gene. So far, the mutation has been detected by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. However, this method is disadvantaged by its low-throughput performance. Here, we report an alternative method ...
Cerezo L - - 2013
Background: Incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal carcinomas (OC) is increasing worldwide. Our purpose is to report the incidence in our region, and to determine the influence of HPV status on survival among a heavy smoking population. Methods: p16 expression was analyzed in 102 patients with stage II-IV treated with chemoradiation. Overall ...
Possemato Kyle - - 2013
Substance use and mental health problems are often underdiagnosed and undertreated in primary care. Veterans affairs facilities are using the Behavioral Telehealth Center (BTC) to provide evidence-based assessments for primary care patients via telephone. Whether participation in BTC services is associated with (1) increases in healthcare utilization and (2) decreases ...
Alshara Salem - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in order to investigate the mode of action and the whitening effect of whitening dentifrices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty-six bovine enamel specimens (10 × 10 mm(2)) were prepared, partially stained, and assigned into eight groups (n = 32): six whitening dentifrices, one nonwhitening and deionized water (negative control), ...
Taher Fadi - - 2013
PURPOSE: An exact understanding of patient vertebral artery anatomy is essential to safely place screws at the atlanto-axial level in posterior arthrodesis. We aim to report a case of erosion of the left vertebral artery into the C1-C2 facet complex with resultant rotatory and lateral listhesis presenting with severe occipital ...
Stoiber Eva Maria - - 2013
Background. To present a new method that determines an optimised IGRT couch correction vector from a displacement vector field (DVF). The DVF is computed by a deformable image registration (DIR) method. The proposed method can improve the quality of volume-of-interest (VOI) alignment in image guided radiation therapy (IGRT), and can ...
Smilevitch Pierre - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Apnea test is a key component to confirm brain death. For patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), apnea test remains challenging. Brain death (BD) diagnosis is often made without apnea test. CASE: We report the case of a 29-year-old man presenting clinical signs of BD while treated with ECMO ...
Habbous Steven - - 2013
Background: The prognostic utility of comorbidity on HNC may differ by subsite, stage, and human-papillomavirus (HPV) status. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 4953 HNC patients for comorbidity (Charlson Comorbidity Index, CCI), smoking, and alcohol history. Multivariate proportional hazards assessed the association of CCI with survival. HPV status was ...
van Mens T E - - 2013
Factor V Leiden is a procoagulant mutation associated with venous and arterial thrombosis and pregnancy complications. Its high prevalence of 5% in Caucasians suggests that there are evolutionary benefits as well. Carriers are indeed reported to have various advantageous phenotypes related to haemostasis, inflammation and fertility: less acute blood loss; ...
Powell Jaclyn T - - 2013
Ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is an early, non-specific inflammatory response that follows perfusion of warm blood into a cold asanguinous organ following transplantation. The occurrence of IRI may have a pivotal impact on acute and long-term renal allograft function. Initially, IRI contributes to delayed graft function (DGF), a term typically ...
Franken C - - 2013
The cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes are essential for the metabolic activation of the pro-drug prasugrel. Little is known about the impact of polymorphism of these isoenzymes on the prevalence of prasugrel low responsiveness (PLR) in patients with coronary artery disease. We investigated the frequency of PLR and the question whether ...
Papon Nicolas - - 2013
Candida guilliermondii (teleomorph Meyerozyma guilliermondii) is an ascomycetous species belonging to the Saccharomycotina CTG clade which has been studied over the last 40 years due to its biotechnological interest, biological control potential and clinical importance. Such a wide range of applications in various areas of fundamental and applied scientific research ...
Dunne M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Optimal risk factor control is integral to managing patients with proven coronary heart disease (CHD+) and for those at risk of coronary heart disease (CHD-). The primary aim of the study was to assess the success rate of reaching lipid risk factor targets in a multiple risk factor clinic. ...
Atasoy B M - - 2013
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the efficacy and the toxicity of low dose weekly gemcitabine with radiation therapy in medically unfit muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. METHODS: Twenty-six patients were included into the retrospective analysis. Weekly gemcitabine was administered 75 mg/m(2) with a median dose of 63 Gy radiation therapy. Clinical target volume ...
Cayuela Maria Luz - - 2013
Agricultural soils represent the main source of anthropogenic N2O emissions. Recently, interactions of black carbon with the nitrogen cycle have been recognized and the use of biochar is being investigated as a means to reduce N2O emissions. However, the mechanisms of reduction remain unclear. Here we demonstrate the significant impact ...
Williamson David R - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this cohort study was to describe the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for thrombocytopenia in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to evaluate the impact of thrombocytopenia on mortality with further comparisons amongst major diagnostic categories. METHODS: Patients admitted to the ICU from 1997-2011 for cardiac, ...
Yao Yachao - - 2013
SERPINA3K, also known as kallikrein-binding protein (KBP), is a serine proteinase inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic activities. Our previous studies showed that SERPINA3K inhibited proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and induced apoptosis of endothelial cells but had no influence on SGC-7901 gastric carcinoma cells or HepG2 hepatocarcinoma cells. However, it ...
Publicover Amy - - 2013
Peripheral blood haematopoietic progenitor cell mobilization has become a standard procedure prior to autologous stem cell transplantation. Biosimilar granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (GCSF) have recently been awarded European Union (EU) licences for stem cell mobilization but data for their use in this context remain limited. The biosimilar GCSF, Ratiograstim(®) (Ratiopharm, Ulm, ...
Hasegawa Hajime - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the factors affecting the efficacy of combination therapy with losartan and thiazide, with a focus on the significance of salt excretion, via a multicenter observational study. Adult patients with essential hypertension showing therapy resistance to angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) as a monotherapy ...
Walter Leora - - 2013
Background: Few studies have evaluated the trends in head and neck cancer (HNC) in developing countries. The goal of this study is to estimate trends in incidence of HPV-associated (HPV-R) and non-associated (HPV-U) HNC in Lima, Peru from 1987-2008. Methods: Registry data from a single public cancer hospital were used ...
Cao Zhen Huan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Current treatments for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) are suboptimal. Potential ways of improving the rate of sustained response include combining the immunomodulatory properties of interferon α with the antiviral potency of nucleos(t)ide analogues and extending the duration of therapy. The present study investigated the efficacy and safety of extended ...
Edmunds Julie M - - 2013
The training literature suggests that ongoing support following initial therapist training enhances training outcomes, yet little is known about what occurs during ongoing support and what accounts for its effectiveness. The present study examined consultation sessions provided to 99 clinicians following training in cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth anxiety. Recorded consultation ...
Besada Emilio - - 2013
Type-1 cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV) and mixed CV differ in their pathophysiology, clinical expression and treatment response. We report one patient with type-1 cryoglobulinemic vasculitis and skin ulcers that had remained active despite treatment with a variety of immunomodulating drugs including rituximab. The patient had a past medical history of non-Hodgkin ...
Almeida Lígia Moreira - - 2013
Recent guidelines from the World Health Organization emphasize the need to monitor the social determinants of health, with particular focus on the most vulnerable groups. With this in mind, we evaluated the access, use and perceived quality of care received by migrant women during pregnancy and early motherhood, in a ...
Alves Hemerson B - - 2013
Allelic frequencies for 15 STR autosomal loci, using AmpFâ„“STR® Identifiler™, forensic, and statistical parameters were calculated. All loci reached the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The combined power of discrimination and mean power of exclusion were 0.999999999999999999 and 0.9999993, respectively. The MDS plot and NJ tree analysis, generated by FST matrix, corroborated the ...
Fonda B - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) on biochemical, pain, and performance parameters during the 5-day recovery period after damaging exercise for hamstrings. Participants completed a bout of damaging exercise for the hamstring muscles on two separate occasions (control and experimental condition) separated ...
Hand F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The internet has revolutionised the way we search for information. We determined the level of internet use by parents of children attending general surgical services and identified trends in online information-seeking behaviour. METHODS: A questionnaire based on the work by Boston and Tassone was distributed to parents attending both ...
Lucas S R R - - 2013
A lipid nanoemulsion (LDE) resembling low-density lipoprotein can target malignant tumours. In in vivo and clinical studies, association of chemotherapeutic agents to LDE decreased their toxicity and increased pharmacological action. Here, safety of LDE as carmustine carrier (50 mg m(-2) , intravenous) combined with vincristine and prednisone for the treatment of dogs ...
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