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Drenkard Karen - - 2013
In this month's column, the executive director of the American Nurses Credentialing Center® provides a perspective on the importance of nursing research and the creation of a supportive culture. Magnet® organizations promote a culture of inquiry in leading to new knowledge, innovations, and improvements.
- - 2013
Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum's review process. If any errors or omissions have been made, please accept our apologies. Abstracts that are not being presented do not appear.
Christie Janice - - 2013
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library.
Wernicke A Gabriella - - 2013
Identification of radiation-induced fibrosis (RIF) remains a challenge with Late Effects of Normal Tissue-Subjective Objective Management Analytical (LENT-SOMA). Tissue compliance meter (TCM), a non-invasive applicator, may render a more reproducible tool for measuring RIF. In this study, we prospectively quantify RIF after intracavitary brachytherapy (IB) accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) ...
Wittersheim Maike - - 2013
Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are key players in the skin's defense system. Previous observations suggest a site- and age-dependent expression of individual AMP. We investigated the expression and secretion patterns of four important AMP in a representative collective of healthy human skin samples. Levels of psoriasin, RNase 7 and hBD-3 expression ...
Stanic Sinisa - - 2013
The recently published Quantitative Analysis of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic (QUANTEC) recommends dose constraints for acute small-bowel toxicity but does not fully address dose constraints for late small-bowel toxicity and the maximum dose tolerance of the small bowel. Radiation oncologists in practice frequently face a challenge when deciding ...
Figueroa Arturo - - 2013
Postmenopausal women have increased arterial stiffness (brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity [baPWV]) and wave reflection. L-Citrulline supplementation reduces baPWV but not brachial blood pressure. Peripheral vasodilators decrease wave reflection amplitude or second systolic peak (SBP2) in radial artery and aorta, which are related to aortic systolic blood pressure (SBP). We examined ...
Morse Linda L - - 2013
Health, in its purest sense, is not the primary mission of the nation's K-12 schools, so why should schools feel obligated to address cancer education? The nation's educators are under tremendous pressure to prepare students to pass tests in English language arts and mathematics. As a result, health education and ...
Ono Yuko Y Department of Geriatric and Environmental Dermatology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, - - 2013
Findings from large epidemiologic studies indicate that there is a link between smoking and extrinsic skin ageing. We previously reported that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) mediate connective tissue damage in skin exposed to tobacco smoke extracts. Tobacco smoke contains more than 3800 constituents, including numerous water-insoluble polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that ...
Vassalli Anne - - 2013
Astute control of brain activity states is critical for adaptive behaviours and survival. In mammals and birds, electroencephalographic recordings reveal alternating states of wakefulness, slow wave sleep and paradoxical sleep (or rapid eye movement sleep). This control is profoundly impaired in narcolepsy with cataplexy, a disease resulting from the loss ...
Graham-Dickerson Phyllis - - 2013
: The objectives of this study were to explore the perceptions of hospital-based staff nurses regarding their involvement in decision making and to gain an understanding of the ways nurses would like to be involved in decision making. : How nurses want to be involved and the extent to which ...
Carpenter David O - - 2013
Many chemical carcinogens are in food, water, air, household products, and personal care products. Although genetic susceptibility is an important factor in how an individual responds to exposure to a carcinogen, heritable genetic factors alone account for only a minor portion of cancer rates. We review the evidence that early ...
Lockmann Anike - - 2013
Many immunological experiments would be greatly facilitated if peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) preserved important functional properties over longer periods of time. Regarding adhesive interactions with endothelial cells, a crucial step of inflammatory processes, this had not been investigated yet. We demonstrate that PBMC subsets subjected to controlled cryopreservation retain ...
Cagan Ross L - - 2013
To better translate basic research findings into the clinic, we are moving away from the traditional one-gene-one-phenotype model towards the discovery of complex mechanisms. In this Editorial, the new Editor-in-Chief and Senior Editors of Disease Models & Mechanisms (DMM) discuss the role that the journal will play in this transition. ...
Pimenta Filipa - - 2013
The present study aims to validate a climacteric-specific measure of global quality of life, namely, the Utian Quality of Life Scale (UQoLS), in a community sample of women with different menopause status. A community sample of 1,003 Portuguese women in premenopause, perimenopause, and postmenopause filled out UQoLS, the Menopause Symptoms' ...
Holman Dawn M - - 2013
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation and a history of sunburn in childhood contribute to risk of skin cancer in adolescence and in adulthood, but many adolescents continue to seek a tan, either from the sun or from tanning beds (i.e., intentional tanning). To understand tanning behavior among adolescents, we conducted a ...
Bennett Ab - - 2013
To investigate in vitro susceptibilities of canine and feline Escherichia coli and canine Pseudomonas spp. isolates to ticarcillin and ticarcillin-clavulanic acid (T/C). In vitro susceptibility testing of bacterial isolates collected from infections. We tested 148 (83 canine and 65 feline) E. coli and 61 canine Pseudomonas spp. isolates for susceptibility ...
Beach Patricia Ringos - - 2013
At first read, the purpose of this book seemed to be a timeline from diagnosis to death of David Hallman's partner, Bill Conklin. From August 7-23 of 2009, the reader is led thro-ugh the daily ups and downs of Bill and David's journey with cancer. The grief experienced by David ...
Chamcheu Jean Christopher JC Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2013
Delphinidin (Del), [3,5,7,3'-,4'-,5'-hexahydroxyflavylium], an anthocyanidin and a potent antioxidant abundantly found in pigmented fruits and vegetables exhibits proapoptotic effects in many cancer cells. Here, we determined the effect of Del on growth, apoptosis and differentiation of normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs) in vitro in submerged cultures and examined its effects ...
Vucic Steve - - 2013
Riluzole, a benzothiazole derivative, has been shown to be effective in prolonging survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The mechanisms by which riluzole exerts neuroprotective effects in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis remains to be fully elucidated, although inhibition of glutamatergic transmission and modulation of Na(+) channel function have been proposed. In an ...
Henneman Elizabeth A - - 2013
: The objective of this study was to develop a reliable and valid checklist for documenting team and collaborative behaviors occurring during multidisciplinary bedside rounds. : Teamwork and collaboration are important for providing high-quality patient care, yet there are no objective means of evaluating the occurrence of team and collaborative ...
White Mary C - - 2013
Given the continued growth in the number of persons with cancer in the United States, the primary prevention of cancer remains an urgent public health priority. As the field of cancer prevention continues to mature and scientific knowledge evolves, it is imperative to challenge the status quo and embrace new ...
Wangdi C - - 2013
Determine leptospiral serodiversity, serodominant serovars and prevalence in the horse population of Northern Queensland (NQ), Australia, with special focus on the Atherton Tableland and Townsville-Burdekin regions. Cross-sectional survey. Serum samples from 429 horses originating from 172 horse-owning properties in NQ were collected at regional horse shows and veterinary clinics. Samples ...
Bacchetti T - - 2013
Background  Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition associated with a high frequency of cardiovascular events. Modifications of plasma lipids, and an increase in the levels of biochemical markers of inflammation and lipid peroxidation have been reported in subjects with psoriasis, suggesting a relationship between psoriasis, inflammation and oxidative damage. ...
Park Miyoung - - 2013
Exposure of the skin to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation induces photoageing through the up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and subsequent breakdown of extracellular matrices. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation play central roles in UV-induced MMP expression through initiating extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated AP-1 signalling. We ...
Hartung Sheila Q - - 2013
: A qualitative design was used to decipher the viewpoints of nurse managers about communication trends associated with their leadership roles and unit subcultures. : Disruptive behaviors such as poor communication and inadequate teamwork have been associated with patient harm and deficient workplace cultures. However, few studies have focused on ...
- - 2013
Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum's review process. If any errors or omissions have been made, please accept our apologies. Abstracts that are not being presented do not appear.
Méndez Juan Pablo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and osteoporosis are two important public health problems that greatly impact mortality and morbidity. Several similarities between these complex diseases have been identified. The aim of this study was to analyze if different body mass indexes (BMIs) are associated with variations in bone mineral density (BMD) among postmenopausal ...
Weber Miriam T MT Department of Neurology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. - - 2013
The aims of this cross-sectional study were to determine if cognitive function differs across stages of reproductive aging and to evaluate whether hormones or menopausal symptoms predict cognition in perimenopause. We hypothesized that women in late menopausal transition and early postmenopause would perform more poorly than those in the late ...
Dube Shanta R - - 2013
Smoking is a leading cause of cancer, and most smokers begin during adolescence. We examined the proportion of adolescents exposed to pro-tobacco advertising and assessed the association between this exposure and susceptibility to smoking. Data from the 2011 National Youth Tobacco Survey were used to calculate the proportion of susceptible ...
Fahey Linda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to determine the utility and feasibility of using data from a nurse call system equipped with radiofrequency identification data (RFID) to measure nursing time spent in patient rooms. BACKGROUND:: Increasing the amount of time nurses spend with hospitalized patients has become a focus ...
Khosrotehrani Kiarash - - 2013
In recent years, few stem cells have gained as much clinical notoriety as mesenchymal stem cells. Indeed, MSCs are already in use for a range of systemic inflammatory and autoimmune conditions that also affect the skin, such as acute and chronic graft versus host disease or lupus erythematosus. Most interestingly, ...
Newberry Alyssa G AG School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether the perceived level of spirituality in family caregivers of patients with primary malignant brain tumors (PMBTs) changes across the disease trajectory. Ongoing descriptive, longitudinal study. Southwestern Pennsylvania. 50 family caregivers of patients with PMBT. Caregivers and care recipients were recruited at time of diagnosis. Participants were interviewed ...
Shao Zhenzhen - - 2013
The aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with non-mass-like breast lesions in a meta-analysis. Literature study was performed on PubMed data base on the diagnostic performance of MR imaging in patients with non-mass-like breast lesions. Details of the ...
Tsutsumi Moe - - 2013
Recovery of cultured keratinocytes after scratch damage is considered to be a wound-healing model. In this study, we observed changes in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+) ]i ) in cultured human keratinocytes after scratch damage. Immediately after scratch damage, a wave of increased [Ca(2+) ]i radiated outward from the damaged area ...
Gehlert Sarah S The George Warren Brown School, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, USA. - - 2013
Turning disciplinary knowledge about preadolescents' and adolescents' exposure to risk factors for cancer as adults into solutions for preventing such an outcome requires that investigators from a variety of backgrounds and disciplines come together to share knowledge. Optimally, these collaborations would occur across two dimensions: (1) transdisciplinary, from the molecular ...
Stachowiak Mary Elizabeth - - 2013
Time-consuming procedures can lead to risky work-arounds.
Geer Charlie - - 2013
Working as a medical translator in the Dominican Republic, the author witnesses the healing power of compassion.
Ginex Pamela P Department of Nursing at Lehman College, City University of New York, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
To explore patterns of symptoms before and after surgery for cancer of the esophagus. Longitudinal, descriptive study. An urban comprehensive cancer center in the northeastern United States. 218 patients with cancer of the esophagus undergoing esophagectomy. Symptoms were assessed by self-report before surgery, at the first postoperative visit, and at ...
Biroschak Julianne R - - 2013
Oncotype DX, a gene-expression profiling assay, provides stratification of patients with estrogen-receptor positive, lymph-node-negative early breast cancer into risk groups based on recurrence score, which are associated with distant recurrence and response to chemotherapy. This study aims to determine whether Oncotype DX influences clinicians' treatment decisions, and whether assay results ...
Namkoong Sun - - 2013
Despite the increasing use of topical tacrolimus, there is little information about its effect on skin wound healing. To determine effects on acute cutaneous wound healing, two full-thickness skin wounds were imparted on the backs of 45 hairless mice, which were then divided into vehicle-, topical tacrolimus- and topical steroid-treated ...
Rescigno Maria - - 2013
The outcome of the interaction between plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and bacteria has been very controversial: pDCs have been reported not to be activated by extracellular bacteria, to be activated but to only produce TNF-α and IL-6, or to be activated and produce IFN-α, the hallmark of pDC activation, but ...
Lovely Mary Pat - - 2013
Purpose/Objectives: To explore the survivor experience of adults who have been diagnosed three years or longer with a primary malignant brain tumor (PMBT).Research Approach: Qualitative using a biographical narrative approach.Setting: Six sites across the United States.Participants: Survivors of PMBTs (N = 35) and their family caregivers (N = 35).Methodologic Approach: ...
Mahon Suzanne M - - 2013
Hereditary breast cancer is responsible for about 5%-10% of all breast cancer cases and is frequently associated with the inheritance of a germline mutation in one of two genes, BRCA1 (chromosome 17) or BRCA2 (chromosome 13). Inheritance of a mutation in one of these genes confers a high cumulative risk ...
Artama Miia M National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, 00271 Helsinki, Finland. - - 2013
Perinatal health outcomes other than major congenital anomalies in offspring of women with epilepsy (WWE) have not been widely studied, and results of previous studies are conflicting and are mostly based on small numbers. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) pass through the placenta and may affect neonatal outcome. This register-based study is ...
Bromberger Joyce T JT Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2013
Little is known about the risk of anxiety in women during midlife and the menopausal transition. We examined anxiety as a cluster of four symptoms and determined the association between menopausal stage and high anxiety during 10 years of follow-up of 2,956 women of multiple race/ethnicities. This study was a ...
Kleszczynski Konrad K Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, - - 2013
Clinical disorders related to skin pigmentation include hypo- or hyperpigmentation. Because they are difficult to treat, new approaches to develop safe pigment modulatory agents are needed. In the March issue of the journal, Paterson et al. (Exp Dermatol, 22, 2013) determined which aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1) substrates and products regulate ...
Hussein Ha - - 2013
The validity of the body condition score (BCS) for evaluating subcutaneous fat has been questioned because of its subjectivity. With the advent of ultrasonography, backfat thickness (BFT) can be objectively measured and used to assess the energy status of dairy cows in conjunction with BCS. Determine the relationship between BCS ...
Rinnerthaler Mark - - 2013
The main function of the epidermis is to protect us against a multitude of hostile attacks from the environment. Its main cell type, the keratinocytes have a sophisticated system of different proteins and lipids available to form the cornified envelope, which is responsible for the barrier function of the skin. ...
Hill Karen S - - 2013
This interview, conducted by the editor, is the 1st in a series of interviews of emerging nurse scientists highlighting the department author, Jeffrey M. Adams, PhD, RN, director of the Center for Innovations in Care Delivery and Connell Nursing Research Scholar at Massachusetts General Hospital.
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