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Mahmud Mohammad Sultan - - 2013
ABSTRACT. High-resolution mapping of microvasculature has been applied to diverse body systems, including the retinal and choroidal vasculature, cardiac vasculature, the central nervous system, and various tumor models. Many imaging techniques have been developed to address specific research questions, and each has its own merits and drawbacks. Understanding, optimization, and ...
Schreiber Judith A - - 2013
Since the early 2000s, significant discussion about evidence-based practice (EBP) has occurred in the healthcare arena and early steps have been taken toward it; however, searching the EBP literature can be overwhelming. A MEDLINE® (EBSCO) search for evidence-based practice yielded interesting results. When limited to 1999 or prior, 635 articles ...
Colpani Verônica - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Menopause is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Habitual physical activity, defined as any form of body movement with energy expenditure above resting levels, may improve health parameters. We assessed the level of habitual physical activity and its effect on anthropometric measures and cardiovascular risk factors in ...
Biroschak Julianne R - - 2013
Oncotype DX, a gene-expression profiling assay, provides stratification of patients with estrogen-receptor positive, lymph-node-negative early breast cancer into risk groups based on recurrence score, which are associated with distant recurrence and response to chemotherapy. This study aims to determine whether Oncotype DX influences clinicians' treatment decisions, and whether assay results ...
Namkoong Sun - - 2013
Despite the increasing use of topical tacrolimus, there is little information about its effect on skin wound healing. To determine effects on acute cutaneous wound healing, two full-thickness skin wounds were imparted on the backs of 45 hairless mice, which were then divided into vehicle-, topical tacrolimus- and topical steroid-treated ...
Vassalli Anne - - 2013
Astute control of brain activity states is critical for adaptive behaviours and survival. In mammals and birds, electroencephalographic recordings reveal alternating states of wakefulness, slow wave sleep and paradoxical sleep (or rapid eye movement sleep). This control is profoundly impaired in narcolepsy with cataplexy, a disease resulting from the loss ...
Graham-Dickerson Phyllis - - 2013
: The objectives of this study were to explore the perceptions of hospital-based staff nurses regarding their involvement in decision making and to gain an understanding of the ways nurses would like to be involved in decision making. : How nurses want to be involved and the extent to which ...
Carpenter David O - - 2013
Many chemical carcinogens are in food, water, air, household products, and personal care products. Although genetic susceptibility is an important factor in how an individual responds to exposure to a carcinogen, heritable genetic factors alone account for only a minor portion of cancer rates. We review the evidence that early ...
Hwang Bo-Mi - - 2013
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a polyphenol derived from turmeric (Curcuma longa), which is commonly used as a spice. Recent studies have shown that curcumin has a wide range of pharmacological activities, including anticarcinogenic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiangiogenic activities. However, the antiphotoageing effects of curcumin have yet to be characterized. In this ...
Bryce Jane - - 2013
A 46-year-old Caucasian male named N.M. was diagnosed in March 2002 with melanoma of the trunk. The melanoma was resected and a left axillary sentinel lymph node biopsy was negative for malignant cells. Three years later, melanoma recurred to the left axillary lymph nodes, which were subsequently dissected. No adjuvant ...
Weber Miriam T - - 2013
The aims of this cross-sectional study were to determine if cognitive function differs across stages of reproductive aging and to evaluate whether hormones or menopausal symptoms predict cognition in perimenopause. We hypothesized that women in late menopausal transition and early postmenopause would perform more poorly than those in the late ...
Dube Shanta R - - 2013
Smoking is a leading cause of cancer, and most smokers begin during adolescence. We examined the proportion of adolescents exposed to pro-tobacco advertising and assessed the association between this exposure and susceptibility to smoking. Data from the 2011 National Youth Tobacco Survey were used to calculate the proportion of susceptible ...
Bennett Ab - - 2013
To investigate in vitro susceptibilities of canine and feline Escherichia coli and canine Pseudomonas spp. isolates to ticarcillin and ticarcillin-clavulanic acid (T/C). In vitro susceptibility testing of bacterial isolates collected from infections. We tested 148 (83 canine and 65 feline) E. coli and 61 canine Pseudomonas spp. isolates for susceptibility ...
Kalisch Beatrice J - - 2013
Missed nursing care refers to omission of standard required nursing care of patients in acute care hospitals. The objective of this study was to compare the amounts and reasons of missed nursing care, the level of nurse staffing, and job satisfaction between the United States and Lebanon. Several studies in ...
Katz Anne - - 2013
Have you ever noticed how sometimes things just work out perfectly? I love it when that happens… I am hard at work on another book for Hygeia Media, the consumer imprint of the Oncology Nursing Society, and the book focuses on young adults with cancer. Although many memoirs are available ...
Jung Yong Wook - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE; insertion/deletion), angiotensinogen (AGT M235T), and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R 1166A>C) and the prevalence of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in Korean women. A total of 133 women with POI and 238 controls were genotyped for ...
McClellan Wendy - - 2013
Purpose/Objectives: To report functional (physical and cognitive) late effects, experiences, and information needs of adult survivors of childhood cancer.Design: Descriptive, mixed methods survey.Setting: Two pediatric oncology programs in the Midwest.Sample: Convenience sample of 272 young adult survivors.Methods: Voluntary survey completion by young adult survivors regarding late effects, experiences, and educational ...
Fahey Linda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to determine the utility and feasibility of using data from a nurse call system equipped with radiofrequency identification data (RFID) to measure nursing time spent in patient rooms. BACKGROUND:: Increasing the amount of time nurses spend with hospitalized patients has become a focus ...
Mahon Suzanne M - - 2013
Hereditary breast cancer is responsible for about 5%-10% of all breast cancer cases and is frequently associated with the inheritance of a germline mutation in one of two genes, BRCA1 (chromosome 17) or BRCA2 (chromosome 13). Inheritance of a mutation in one of these genes confers a high cumulative risk ...
Kennedy Maureen Shawn - - 2013
Nurses Week sparks recognition, remembrance, and reflection.
Clarke Alice R - - 2013
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over the last century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing ...
Sidgwick Gary P - - 2013
Keloid disease (KD) is a fibroproliferative disorder characterised partly by an altered extracellular matrix (ECM) profile. In fetal scarring, hyaluronic acid (HA) expression is increased, but is reduced in KD tissue compared with normal skin (NS). The expression of Hyaluronan Synthase (HAS) and hyaluronidase (HYAL) in KD and NS tissue ...
Stachowiak Mary Elizabeth - - 2013
Time-consuming procedures can lead to risky work-arounds.
Geer Charlie - - 2013
Working as a medical translator in the Dominican Republic, the author witnesses the healing power of compassion.
Langford Jl - - 2013
To profile Thoroughbreds that incurred a ban under Australian Rule of Racing 53A on New South Wales racetracks between August 1999 and July 2008, determine the effect on their careers and identify the factors that predict whether these horses would race again or experience a recurrence of epistaxis. Differences between ...
Hickey Sean - - 2013
Purpose/Objectives: To create and evaluate an educational video designed to increase breast cancer-related knowledge and screening behaviors among women who are deaf and use American Sign Language (ASL) as their preferred communication method.Design: A test-retest survey was used to determine retained knowledge following an intervention with an ASL breast cancer ...
McGregor Ba - - 2013
To investigate the effects of the timing and duration of eruption of the first permanent incisors, live weight, sex and other factors on contemporaneous live weight gain in Angora goats. Goats were previously part of a pen study on the effects of energy intake of Angora does during pregnancy and ...
Andrés Rosa M - - 2013
Jak/Tyk proteins have recently aroused as possible therapeutic targets for the treatment of psoriasis. In psoriasis, these proteins signal through STAT molecules including STAT3, and STAT3 expression and activation has been shown augmented in psoriatic lesions. Here, we characterized the expression of Jak/Tyk proteins in lesional compared with non-lesional psoriatic ...
Drenkard Karen - - 2013
In this month's column, the executive director of the American Nurses Credentialing Center® provides a perspective on the importance of nursing research and the creation of a supportive culture. Magnet® organizations promote a culture of inquiry in leading to new knowledge, innovations, and improvements.
Wangdi C - - 2013
Determine leptospiral serodiversity, serodominant serovars and prevalence in the horse population of Northern Queensland (NQ), Australia, with special focus on the Atherton Tableland and Townsville-Burdekin regions. Cross-sectional survey. Serum samples from 429 horses originating from 172 horse-owning properties in NQ were collected at regional horse shows and veterinary clinics. Samples ...
Bacchetti T - - 2013
Background  Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition associated with a high frequency of cardiovascular events. Modifications of plasma lipids, and an increase in the levels of biochemical markers of inflammation and lipid peroxidation have been reported in subjects with psoriasis, suggesting a relationship between psoriasis, inflammation and oxidative damage. ...
Park Miyoung - - 2013
Exposure of the skin to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation induces photoageing through the up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and subsequent breakdown of extracellular matrices. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation play central roles in UV-induced MMP expression through initiating extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-mediated AP-1 signalling. We ...
Hartung Sheila Q - - 2013
: A qualitative design was used to decipher the viewpoints of nurse managers about communication trends associated with their leadership roles and unit subcultures. : Disruptive behaviors such as poor communication and inadequate teamwork have been associated with patient harm and deficient workplace cultures. However, few studies have focused on ...
Méndez Juan Pablo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and osteoporosis are two important public health problems that greatly impact mortality and morbidity. Several similarities between these complex diseases have been identified. The aim of this study was to analyze if different body mass indexes (BMIs) are associated with variations in bone mineral density (BMD) among postmenopausal ...
Arndt Sophia - - 2013
The formation of radicals plays an important role in the development of atopic eczema or barrier-disrupted skin. We evaluated the radical scavenging effect of a cream containing a Hypericum perforatum extract rich in hyperforin in a double-blind placebo-controlled study on 11 healthy volunteers. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy was applied to ...
Albouy Philippe - - 2013
Congenital amusia is a lifelong disorder of music perception and production. The present study investigated the cerebral bases of impaired pitch perception and memory in congenital amusia using behavioural measures, magnetoencephalography and voxel-based morphometry. Congenital amusics and matched control subjects performed two melodic tasks (a melodic contour task and an ...
Hickson Josiane - - 2013
: This study investigated the perceptions of nursing hostility and job satisfaction of new RNs, comparing the working settings of Magnet® and non-Magnet hospitals. : An online survey of new graduate RNs was conducted using the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised, the McCloskey/Mueller Satisfaction Survey, the Casey-Fink Graduate Nurse Experience Survey, and ...
Neubauer Hans - - 2013
Clinical trials have demonstrated an increased risk of breast cancer during estrogen/norethisterone (NET) therapy. With this in mind, the effects of estrogen/NET combination on the proliferation of breast cancer cells overexpressing the progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) were examined. The same combination was used for the first time in ...
Santelli John S - - 2013
Adolescent risk-taking may have long-term consequences for adult cancer risk. Behaviors such as smoking and sexual activity, commonly initiated during adolescence, may result-decades later-in cancer. Life course epidemiology focuses on unique vulnerabilities at specific development periods and their importance to later development of disease. A life course epidemiological perspective that ...
Kleszczynski Konrad - - 2013
Clinical disorders related to skin pigmentation include hypo- or hyperpigmentation. Because they are difficult to treat, new approaches to develop safe pigment modulatory agents are needed. In the March issue of the journal, Paterson et al. (Exp Dermatol, 22, 2013) determined which aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1) substrates and products regulate melanogenesis. ...
Khosrotehrani Kiarash - - 2013
In recent years, few stem cells have gained as much clinical notoriety as mesenchymal stem cells. Indeed, MSCs are already in use for a range of systemic inflammatory and autoimmune conditions that also affect the skin, such as acute and chronic graft versus host disease or lupus erythematosus. Most interestingly, ...
Vucic Steve - - 2013
Riluzole, a benzothiazole derivative, has been shown to be effective in prolonging survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The mechanisms by which riluzole exerts neuroprotective effects in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis remains to be fully elucidated, although inhibition of glutamatergic transmission and modulation of Na(+) channel function have been proposed. In an ...
Henneman Elizabeth A - - 2013
: The objective of this study was to develop a reliable and valid checklist for documenting team and collaborative behaviors occurring during multidisciplinary bedside rounds. : Teamwork and collaboration are important for providing high-quality patient care, yet there are no objective means of evaluating the occurrence of team and collaborative ...
White Mary C - - 2013
Given the continued growth in the number of persons with cancer in the United States, the primary prevention of cancer remains an urgent public health priority. As the field of cancer prevention continues to mature and scientific knowledge evolves, it is imperative to challenge the status quo and embrace new ...
Lovely Mary Pat - - 2013
Purpose/Objectives: To explore the survivor experience of adults who have been diagnosed three years or longer with a primary malignant brain tumor (PMBT).Research Approach: Qualitative using a biographical narrative approach.Setting: Six sites across the United States.Participants: Survivors of PMBTs (N = 35) and their family caregivers (N = 35).Methodologic Approach: ...
Nguyen-Truong Connie K Y - - 2013
Purpose/Objectives: To identify factors associated with screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) and hepatitis B, because hepatitis B can increase the risk of liver cancer.Data Sources: MEDLINE®, CINAHL®, and PsycINFO databases from January 1998 to April 2012.Data Synthesis: The 23 reviewed studies included 15 descriptive, 2 intervention, 3 qualitative, 2 chart ...
Chilosi Anna Maria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: A growing number of studies on deaf children with cochlear implant (CI) document a significant improvement in receptive and expressive language skills after implantation, even if they show language delay when compared with normal-hearing peers. Data on language acquisition in CI Italian children are still scarce and limited to ...
Flaherty Anne Marie C - - 2013
Oncology Nursing Forum (ONF) published an article in its early newsletter format in 1977 entitled "Variables Affecting Nausea and Vomiting" (Mayer Scogna, 1977). That literature review provided an excellent analysis of the state of the art in the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) at that time. Healthcare providers ...
Wen Qiang - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcome and feasibility of concurrent chemotherapy with paclitaxel plus carboplatin and radiotherapy (RT) in patients with high-risk or advanced endometrial cancer. A retrospective analysis of patients treated between January 2003 and December 2009 was conducted. Adjuvant therapy consisted of external beam ...
Bay-Jensen Anne C - - 2013
Joint health is affected by local and systemic hormones. It is well accepted that systemic factors regulate the metabolism of joint tissues, and that substantial cross-talk between tissues actively contributes to homeostasis. In the current review, we try to define a subtype of osteoarthritis (OA), metabolic OA, which is dependent ...
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