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Ali Mohammed K - - 2013
Tracking national progress in diabetes care may aid in the evaluation of past efforts and identify residual gaps in care. We analyzed data for adults with self-reported diabetes from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to examine risk-factor control, preventive practices, and ...
Baimuratov Anvar S - - 2013
The study of supercrystals made of periodically arranged semiconductor quantum dots is essential for the advancement of emerging nanophotonics technologies. By combining the strong spatial confinement of elementary excitations inside quantum dots and exceptional design flexibility, quantum-dot supercrystals provide broad opportunities for engineering desired optical responses and developing superior light ...
Wegienka Ganesa G Department of Public Health Sciences, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, - - 2013
Uterine leiomyomata are the most common reproductive tumor in women, and their cause is not known. Plasma samples from 155 women (74 with and 81 without ultrasound-confirmed leiomyoma) from a new study of leiomyoma risk factors in the Detroit, Michigan area, were examined for any cross-sectional associations between commonly examined ...
Chan Jimmy Yu Wai - - 2013
Background: To investigate the treatment outcome of radiation-induced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the nasopharynx after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods: Retrospective review. Results: Between 1998 and 2011, 24 patients had radiation-induced SCC of the nasopharynx. The median age of diagnosis was 68.2 years. Majority (66.7%) presented with early ...
Yoon Jae-Ho - - 2013
Karyotype analysis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the powerful prognostic factors for complete remission (CR), relapse, and overall survival (OS). Cytogenetic mosaicism is considered to be one of the important characteristics in expression of phenotypic manifestations. However, it has not come into focus due to emerging molecular ...
Gaudesi Davide - - 2013
BPSL1050 is a 13.9 kDa protein produced by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, the etiological agent of melioidosis. Immunodetection assays against sera patients using protein microarray suggest BPSL1050 involvement in melioidosis. Herein we report its backbone and side chains NMR assignment.
Lee Juliana Mei-Har - - 2013
Genetic counseling service is urgently required in developing countries. In Malaysia, the first medical genetic service was introduced in 1994 at one of the main teaching hospitals in Kuala Lumpur. Two decades later, the medical genetic services have improved with the availability of genetic counseling, genetic testing and diagnosis, for ...
Loughlin Patrick - - 2013
The discovery of the chlorophyll d-containing cyanobacterium Acaryochloris marina in 1996 precipitated a shift in our understanding of oxygenic photosynthesis. The presence of the red-shifted chlorophyll d in the reaction centre of the photosystems of Acaryochloris has opened up new avenues of research on photosystem energetics and challenged the unique ...
Lai Wenxi - - 2013
Phase relaxation of electrons transferring through an electromechanical transistor is studied using the Aharonov-Bohm interferometer. Using the quantum master equation approach, the phase properties of an electron are numerically analyzed based on the interference fringes. The coherence of the electron is partially destroyed by its scattering on excited levels of ...
Pertici Vincent - - 2013
There have been considerable interests in attempting to reverse the deficit due to a spinal cord injury by restoring neural pathways through the lesion and by rebuilding tissue network. In order to provide an appropriate micro-environment for regrowing axotomized neurons and proliferating and migrating cells, we have implanted small block ...
Umemura Masayu - - 2013
A 68-year-old Japanese male presented with atrophic erythematous white lesions with peripheral dark reddish rims on his back. Multiple ulcers were detected from his stomach to his large intestine using endoscopy. Although the patient was given high doses of a steroid, aspirin, dipyridamole, and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, he died of ...
Shmatukha Andriy - - 2013
A novel robust and user friendly method for post-processing dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI data is presented, which provides reliable real-time delineation of the borders of thermal ablation lesions on low SNR images shortly after contrast agent injection without any model-based curve fitting. Some simple descriptors of the DCE process ...
Rinkoo Arvind Vashishta - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: High dependency on nursing care in healthcare delivery systems in recent times has made the quality appraisal of nursing care even more imperative for nursing administrators. This study demonstrates the utility of a two-phase technique to identify the most significant shortcomings pertaining to nursing care delivery in ...
Gill T A - - 2013
The cys-motif gene family associated with Campoletis sonorensis ichnovirus contains 10 members, WHv1.6, WHv1.0, VHv1.1, VHv1.4, AHv1.0, A'Hv0.8, FHv1.4, LHv2.8, UHv0.8, and UHv0.8a. The results of this study indicated that, within the encapsidated virion, WHv1.6 is the most abundant cys-motif gene, while the combined AHv genes are the least abundant. ...
Park Kwang-Won KW Institute for Rare Diseases and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University Medical Center, Guro Hospital, 80, Guro-Dong, Guro-Gu, Seoul, 152-703, - - 2013
Although Legg-Calvé-Perthes' disease (LCPD) is frequently associated with varying degrees of femoral head deformity and leg length discrepancy (LLD), no factors that predict residual shortening have been clearly identified. We attempted to determine whether (1) the extent of femoral head involvement; (2) varus osteotomy; and (3) patient demographic characteristics are ...
Secchiero Paola - - 2013
Besides its well-established oncosuppressor activity, a key function of p53 in regulating metabolic pathways has been recently identified. Nevertheless, the role of p53 with respect to diabetes mellitus (DM) appears highly controversial. To address this issue, we have used the cis-imidazoline compound Nutlin-3, an inhibitor of MDM2/p53 interaction, which represents ...
Morii Takeshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although intensive studies have been conducted to clarify the incidence, risks, and management methods of deep infection of tumor endoprostheses, limited data have been published in respect of the impact of such deep infection on the function of the corresponding limb. METHODS: Clinical data of 125 patients (infection group ...
Ramachandran Raja - - 2013
We describe a 21-year male with mood disorder on lithium therapy and psoriasis-like skin lesions presenting with rapidly progressive renal failure. The kidney biopsy showed acute tubulointerstitial nephritis with immunoglobulin G4-positive plasma cell infiltration. He was started on oral steroids with a provisional diagnosis of IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis. All dermatological, ...
Jiang Bin - - 2013
Cervical cancer remains a great problem for woman health, as it is the second deadly cancer of females worldwide. The infection of human papilloma virus (HPV) is the major risk factor for this cancer, although several other factors are also associated. Oxidative stress or antioxidant deficiency has been frequently identified ...
Cox Brian N BN Teledyne Scientific & Imaging Co. LLC, Thousand Oaks, CA 91360, USA. - - 2013
We hypothesize that a population of migrating cells can form patterns when changes in local strains owing to relative cell motions induce changes in cell motility. That the mechanism originates in competing rates of motion distinguishes it from mechanisms involving strain energy gradients, e.g. those generated by surface energy effects ...
Chun Sungkun S Department of Developmental Neurobiology, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, - - 2013
Cortical maps in sensory cortices are plastic, changing in response to sensory experience. The cellular site of such plasticity is currently debated. Thalamocortical (TC) projections deliver sensory information to sensory cortices. TC synapses are currently dismissed as a locus of cortical map plasticity because TC synaptic plasticity is thought to ...
Steiner Stephen Alan - - 2013
Hierarchical carbon fibers (CFs) sheathed with radial arrays of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are promising candidates for improving intra- and interlaminar properties of advanced fiber-reinforced composites (e.g., graphite/epoxy) as well as high-surface-area electrodes for battery and supercapacitor architectures. While CVD growth of CNTs on CFs has been previously shown to improve ...
Kondo Hideki H Institute of Plant Science and Resources (IPSR), Okayama University, Kurashiki, Japan. - - 2013
Orchid fleck virus (OFV) has a unique two-segmented negative-sense RNA genome that resembles that of plant nucleorhabdoviruses. In infected plant cells, OFV and nucleorhabdoviruses induce an intranuclear electron-lucent viroplasm that is believed to be the site for virus replication. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism by which OFV ...
Schmidt Christoph Q CQ Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
Inadequate control of the complement system is the underlying or aggravating factor in many human diseases. Whereas treatment options that specifically target the alternative pathway (AP) of complement activation are considered highly desirable, no such option is available in the clinic. In this study, we present a successful example of ...
Pfeifer Jennifer H - - 2013
Self-evaluations undergo significant transformation during early adolescence, developing in parallel with the heightened complexity of teenagers' social worlds. Intuitive theories of adolescent development, based in part on animal work, suggest that puberty is associated with neural-level changes that facilitate a "social reorientation" (Nelson et al., 2005). However, direct tests of ...
Hirota Jeremy A - - 2013
Inflammasomes have emerged as playing key roles in inflammation and innate immunity. A growing body of evidence has suggested that the nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is important in chronic airway diseases such as asthma and COPD. Inflammasome activation results, in part, in pro-IL-1β processing and ...
Nekolaichuk Cheryl L - - 2013
Abstract Background: Standardized approaches for assessing and classifying cancer pain are required to improve treatment of patients with complex pain profiles. The Edmonton Classification System for Cancer Pain (ECS-CP) offers a starting point for the evolution of a standardized international classification system for cancer pain and was introduced into multisite ...
Yi Eui-Yeun - - 2013
Angiogenesis is an important process involved in tumor growth and metastasis. Many studies have investigated the use of natural compounds such as angiogenic inhibitors. Xylitol is a 5-carbon sugar alcohol and is an artificial sweetener that has been used in chewing gums to prevent tooth decay. Xylitol has been also ...
Kalkatawi Manal - - 2013
CONTACT: vladimir.bajic@kaust.edu.sa SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
Panarese Joseph D - - 2013
An efficient iodine-mediated oxidation of tetrahydro-β-carbolines is described to yield aromatic β-carboline products with tandem C-H oxidation. The utility of the method was demonstrated in total syntheses of the alkaloids eudistomins Y1-Y7.
Zhang Jing - - 2013
T-helper cells that produce IL-17 (Th17 cells) are a subset of CD4(+) T-cells with pathological roles in autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and ETS1 is a negative regulator of Th17 cell differentiation. Our previous work on genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified two variants in the ETS1 gene (rs10893872 ...
Nimako Kofi - - 2013
We examined the accuracy and acceptability of a home telemonitoring system for patients receiving chemotherapy. Patients undergoing two cycles of chemotherapy (over six weeks) used the telemonitoring system to analyse their own blood (capillary) and to enter symptom and temperature data. The blood results obtained from self-testing were compared with ...
Stockis Armel - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the antiepileptic drug lacosamide on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the anticoagulant warfarin. METHODS: In this open-label, two-treatment crossover study, 16 healthy adult male volunteers were randomized to receive a single 25-mg dose of warfarin alone in one ...
Holman Andrei - - 2013
The theory of emotional intensity (Brehm, 1999) suggests that the intensity of affective states depends on the magnitude of their current deterrents. Our study investigated the role that fluency-the subjective experience of ease of information processing-plays in the emotional intensity modulations as reactions to deterrents. Following an induction phase of ...
Liu Qiang Q Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, - - 2013
There is a significantly elevated incidence of epilepsy in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Moreover, there is neural hyperexcitation/synchronization in transgenic mice expressing abnormal levels or forms of amyloid precursor protein and its presumed, etiopathogenic product, amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ). However, the underlying mechanisms of how Aβ causes neuronal hyperexcitation remain unclear. Here, we ...
Ego Caroline - - 2013
Motor skills improve with age from childhood into adulthood and this improvement is reflected in the performance of smooth pursuit eye movements. In contrast, the saccadic system becomes mature earlier than the smooth pursuit system. Therefore, the present study investigates whether the early mature saccadic system compensates for the lower ...
Funk Julie A - - 2013
Abstract Swine are the primary reservoir for foodborne illness associated with Yersinia enterocolitica. The use of antimicrobials in animal agriculture has been hypothesized as having a potential role in the increase in prevalence of zoonotic pathogens. The objective of this study was to compare the frequency of Y. enterocolitica fecal ...
Rakoczy Joanna - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to play key regulatory roles in a range of biological processes, including cell differentiation and development. To identify miRNAs that participate in gonad differentiation, a fundamental and tightly regulated developmental process, we examined miRNA expression profiles at the time of sex determination and during the ...
Hoffmann Jan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at validating established imaging features of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) by using state-of-the-art MR imaging together with advanced post-processing techniques and correlated imaging findings to clinical scores. METHODS: Twenty-five IIH patients as well as age-, sex- and body mass index (BMI)-matched controls underwent high-resolution T1w and T2w ...
Deng Lin - - 2013
Cell cycle progression is coupled to cell growth, but the mechanisms that generate growth-dependent cell cycle progression remain unclear. Fission yeast cells enter into mitosis at a defined size due to the conserved cell cycle kinases Cdr1 and Cdr2, which localize to a set of cortical nodes in the cell ...
Bruijns Stevan R - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Traditional vital signs are seen as an important part of trauma assessment, despite their poor predictive value in this regard. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether the difference between systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR) and shock index (SI) taken in the emergency department (ED) and ...
Yoon Mi Jin - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-induced ligand (TRAIL) is preferentially cytotoxic to cancer cells over normal cells. However, many cancer cells, including malignant glioma cells, tend to be resistant to TRAIL. Monensin (a polyether ionophore antibiotic that is widely used in veterinary medicine) and salinomycin (a compound that is structurally related to ...
Wilson Dulmini - - 2013
Local health departments have typically led school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) programs, assuming resource-intensive roles in design, coordination, and vaccination. This level of involvement is often not financially sustainable over time. Five diverse school districts in Los Angeles County designed, implemented, refined, and institutionalized their own SLIV programs over 3 years ...
Yan Lu - - 2013
Time-of-flight mass spectra obtained for strong-field ionization using simply a transform-limited femtosecond laser pulse allows for quantitative characterization of the composition of an unknown mixture, including determination of isomeric composition. The approach is described and example applications presented.
Dilek Mustafa - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To investigate the potential neuroprotective effect of maternal pentoxifylline (PNTX) treatment in endotoxin-induced periventricular leukomalasia (PVL) in the developing rat brain. Methods. Intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide were administered on two of three Wistar pregnant rats to establish PVL. To obtain PNTX-treated group, one of the two dams were ...
Nyman Maria Hälleberg - - 2013
AIM: To describe patients' experiences of bladder emptying and urinary catheterization in connection with hip surgery. BACKGROUND: The capacity of bladder emptying in connection with hip surgery is affected by pain, medication and confinement to bed. In connection with such surgery urinary catheterization is often performed, either intermittent or indwelling. ...
Paresce Erberto - - 2013
The 'real time' capability of ultrasound (US) allows dynamic assessment of joint and tendon movements, which can often aid in the detection of structural abnormalities. The simultaneous use of arthroscopy (AS) and US is therefore a logical progression. Here the results of a series of 11 patients with different rheumatic ...
Pierna Maria - - 2013
A wide range of smart surfaces with novel properties relevant for biomedical applications have been developed recently. Herein we focus on thermoresponsive surfaces that switch between cell-adherent and non-adherent states, and their applications for cell harvesting. These smart surfaces are obtained by covalently coupling a tailored Elastin-Like Recombinamer onto glass ...
Xu Jun - - 2013
Parallel-stacked gold nanowires (NWs) in a ring conformation are induced to coalesce, forming solid seamless rings. The axial lattice orientation of the original Au NWs is preserved in the coalesced rings (see picture; scale bars 2 nm, insets 50 nm). A zipper mechanism is proposed to reconcile the three major events ...
Champagne Pier Alexandre - - 2013
It was discovered that the presence of water as a cosolvent enables the reaction of activated alkyl fluorides for bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reactions. DFT calculations show that activation proceeds through stabilization of the transition structure by a stronger F···H2O interaction and diminishing C-F bond elongation, and not simple transition state ...
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