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Results 451 - 500 of 2349
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Liu Zhen-Jiang - - 2013
A novel and sensitive enhanced chemiluminescence enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ECL-ELISA) for the simultaneous analysis of imidaclothiz and thiacloprid is described. The concentrations of coating antibodies and enzyme tracers were optimised by three different ECL-ELISA formats. Under the optimised conditions, when anti-imidaclothiz polyclonal and anti-thiacloprid polyclonal antibodies were immobilised in a ...
Chu Yanyan - - 2013
The transcriptional repressor Rex plays key roles in modulating respiratory gene expression. It senses the redox poise of the NAD(H) pool. Rex from Streptomyces rimosus (Sr-Rex) is a newly identified protein. Its structure and complex with substrates are not determined yet. In this study, the three-dimensional (3D) structural models of ...
Williams Richard V - - 2013
Echocardiographic image quality in Fontan survivors may be limited by a variety of factors. We sought to describe echocardiographic quality and factors associated with study quality in subjects participating in the Pediatric Heart Network Fontan Cross-Sectional Study. Echocardiograms were obtained at 7 clinical sites using a standard protocol. Quality grading ...
Zhang Lin - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of borneol on the brain targeting efficiency of aprotinin-conjugated poly (ethyleneglycol)-poly (L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (Apr-NP) and the activity of huperzine A (Hup A) loaded nanoparticles to AD rats . METHOD: Apr-NP was prepared by emulsion and solvent evaporation method. The uptake of Apr-NP alone or ...
Allaix Marco E - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most prevalent gastrointestinal disorder in the USA. Heartburn is the symptom most commonly associated with this disease, and the highly commercialized medical treatment directed toward relief of this symptom represents a 10-billion-dollar-per-year industry. DISCUSSION: Unfortunately, there is often little awareness that GERD can ...
Bahannan Abdulrahman A - - 2013
Background: Comparison of the quality of voice obtained after superficial transoral endoscopic cordectomies (type I, II and III) according to the European Laryngological Society classification versus the more extended cordectomy (type IV and V) among patients with glottic precancerous lesions or early glottic cancer. Methods: Sixty two patients underwent vocal ...
O'Brien Sheila F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Selective testing of donors for Trypanosoma cruzi infection relies on identification of at-risk donors with screening questions. Using risk modeling and a seroprevalence study, we evaluated the risk of questions failing to identify T. cruzi antibody-positive donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The rate of donors with unreported risk was estimated by ...
Karnaouri Anthi C - - 2013
An endoglucanase gene from the thermophilic fungus Myceliophthora thermophila, belonging to the glycoside hydrolase family 7, was functionally expressed in methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. The putative endoglucanase from the genomic DNA was successfully cloned in P. pastoris X-33 and the recombinant enzyme was purified to its homogeneity (65 kDa) and subsequently ...
Xue Baoyao - - 2013
Ovarian carcinoma is a common gynecological malignancy and a great threat to health as a result of metastasis. The chemokine stromal-derived factor (SDF-1) plays multiple roles in tumor pathogenesis. However, the precise molecular mechanism underlying SDF-1-induced ovarian cancer cell invasion is still undefined. αvβ6 integrin is an important factor in ...
Kelly Laura - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences of using intermittent self-catheters (ISCs) among people with neurological damage to their spinal cord. This study sought to highlight the impact of using specific ISCs on users' daily lives and to identify key features of product design which ...
Lim Keon-Hee - - 2013
Solution-processed and alkali metals, such as Li and Na, are introduced in doped amorphous zinc tin oxide (ZTO) semiconductor TFTs, which show better electrical performance, such as improved field effect mobility, than intrinsic amorphous ZTO semiconductor TFTs. Furthermore, by using spectroscopic UV-visible analysis we propose a comprehensive technique for monitoring ...
Chantarangkul V - - 2013
This study shows the diagnostic outcome of an APTT-based and two dRVVT-based commercial confirmatory integrated tests with the application of the recommendations by the Scientific and Standardization Committee (SSC) on Lupus anticoagulant (LA)/antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) issued in 2009 concerning the cut-off ...
Paraíso Alanna Fernandes - - 2013
Sirtuins (SIRTs) are a family of regulatory proteins of genetic information with a high degree of conservation among species. The SIRTs are heavily involved in several physiological functions including control of gene expression, metabolism, and aging. SIRT1 has been the most studied sirtuin and plays important role in the prevention ...
Sorensen Sonja V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A number of models exploring the cost-effectiveness of dabigatran versus warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation have been published. These studies found dabigatran was generally cost-effective, considering well-accepted willingness-to-pay thresholds, but estimates of the incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) varied, even in the same setting. The objective of this ...
Lim Dmitry - - 2013
The amyloid hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) suggests that soluble amyloid β (Aβ) is an initiator of a cascade of events eventually leading to neurodegeneration. Recently, we reported that Aβ deranged Ca(2+) homeostasis specifically in hippocampal astrocytes by targeting key elements of Ca(2+) signaling, such as mGluR5 and IP3 R1. ...
Li Houmin - - 2013
Cutaneous mucormycosis is a rare opportunistic infection caused by zygomycetes that can be rapidly fatal if unrecognized. We describe the clinical, histopathological, fungal and molecular features of a case of gangrenous cutaneous mucormycosis. The patient presented with great necrosis on his right forearm at the site of detained intravenous cannula ...
Schulz Ronald - - 2013
Establishing radiation-free imaging methods for the assessment of clavicular ossification in forensic age determination is desirable as it reduces radiation exposure in living individuals. For this purpose the stage of ossification of the right medial clavicular epiphysis was determined prospectively using sonography in 309 male and 307 female healthy volunteers. ...
Fried David - - 2013
Background: It is unclear whether bone invasion in small oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas (OCSCC) results in worse prognosis. Methods: 254 OCSCC were identified and divided into 3 cohorts: 1) ≤ 4 cm with no bone invasion, 2) ≤ 4 cm with bone invasion, 3) ≥4 cm or other factors ...
Fishwick David - - 2013
The relationship between asthma and the workplace is important to consider in all cases of adult asthma. Early identification of a cause in the workplace offers an opportunity to improve asthma control significantly and reduce the need for long-term medication if further exposures to the cause can be avoided. This ...
Bodzay T - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: In type C pelvic ring injuries, the operative stabilization of the posterior ring is absolutely indicated. There exist four different types of operative methods: iliosacral screw fixation, transsacral plate synthesis, ventral plate fixation (primarily for sacroiliac luxations), and local plate synthesis performed on the dorsal cortex of the sacrum. ...
Eid Charbel - - 2013
We present an on-chip electrophoretic assay for rapid and high sensitivity nucleic acid (NA) detection. The assay uses isotachophoresis (ITP) to enhance NA hybridization and an ionic spacer molecule to subsequently separate reaction products. In the first stage, the probe and target focus and mix rapidly in free solution under ...
Miciletta M - - 2013
The activity of the anti-inflammatory agents Flunixin-meglumine (FLU), RS (±) Carprofen (CPF) and S (+) CPF on bovine cyclooxygenases (COXs) has been characterized in feedlot calves using an in vitro whole blood model. The drugs showed equivalent efficacy in their inhibitory activity on COXs, and the rank order of potency ...
Li Jiayang - - 2013
None of the clinical trials of anti-HIV gels based on conventional polymers or lipid emulsions has been successful, suggesting the need of new molecular design of the anti-HIV gels. This paper reports the conversion of anti-HIV prodrugs into self-delivery supramolecular hydrogels. By covalently conjugating reverse transcriptase inhibitors to a versatile ...
Brunken Claus - - 2013
The 532-nm side-fire laser vaporization is established for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia. Meanwhile, the third generation of this system is offered by American Medical Systems, Inc. The laser power increased from 80 and 120 to 180 W from the first to the third generation. Despite good functional ...
Treven Primo┼ż - - 2013
Lactobacillus gasseri K7 is a probiotic strain that produces bacteriocins gassericin K7 A and K7 B. In order to develop a real-time quantitative PCR assay for the detection of L. gasseri K7, 18 reference strains of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group and 45 faecal samples of adults who have never consumed ...
Khan Fary - - 2013
The aim of this work is to examine the course and impact of chronic pain and pain-related disability in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) over a 7-year period in the Australian community employing a longitudinal, cross-sectional study using structured interviews and validated measures. The intensity of chronic pain was assessed ...
Fang Yi - - 2013
We report here a general approach to synthesizing dendrimer-stabilized bismuth sulfide nanoparticles (Bi2S3 DSNPs) for potential computed tomography (CT) imaging applications. In this study, ethylenediamine core glycidol hydroxyl-terminated generation 4 poly(amidoamine) dendrimers (G4.NGlyOH) were used as stabilizers to first complex the Bi(iii) ions, followed by reaction with hydrogen sulfide to ...
Rozensky Ronald H - - 2013
Urinary Incontinence (UI) affects 200 million people worldwide with annual direct costs in the US alone estimated at $16.3 billion. Those with UI have reported a decrease in general quality of life with symptoms of depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, poor body image, and social stigmatization. The purpose of this study ...
Agarwal Anil Kumar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mass-forming xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC), an uncommon inflammatory pathology of gallbladder (GB), masquerades as gallbladder cancer (GBC) and diagnosis is often a histological surprise. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected database of patients with GB mass operated between August 2009 and September 2012 was conducted to determine clinical, radiological, ...
Piscione P Janine - - 2013
ABSTRACT This study provides an examination of responses on the Activities Scale for Kids, performance version (ASKp), for evaluating physical function in adolescents with malignant lower extremity bone tumors. Twenty-one participants (ages 10.4 to 17.9 years), who had tumor resection surgery, completed the ASKp on two occasions. ASKp data were examined ...
Sun Yi - - 2013
Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) is proposed as a potential candidate to inactivate pathogens in localized infections due to the rapid evolution of bacterial resistance. The treatment modality utilizes nontoxic agents called photosensitizers and harmless visible light to generate reactive oxygen species which result in microbial cells' killing. Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether ...
Maceachen Ellen - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Social service programmes that offer consumer choices are intended to guide service efficiency and customer satisfaction. However, little is known about how social service consumers actually make choices and how providers deliver such services. This article details the practical implementation of consumer choice in a Canadian workers' compensation ...
Bianchini Chiara - - 2013
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs have recently been developed in order to reduce morbidity, improve recovery, and shorten hospital stays of surgical patients. Since the 1990s, ERAS programs have been successfully applied in many centres, especially in northern Europe and America, to perioperative management for colorectal surgery, vascular surgery, ...
Shirakabe Akihiro - - 2013
Background: The predictive factors for survival after percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) are unknown. Methods and Results: Data for 105 patients with cardiovascular disease requiring PCPS were analyzed. The patients were divided into a survivor (n=21) or a non-survivor group (n=84). The age was significantly lower, and there were more patients with fulminant ...
Alhaj Eyad - - 2013
Uremic cardiomyopathy is responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage renal disease (ESRD); however, the early implementation of hemodialysis may halt its progression. Nonconventional hemodialysis, such as frequent hemodialysis, appears to have an advantage over conventional hemodialysis. Kidney transplantation has been ...
Honkoop Persijn J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Online self-management programmes for asthma have recently become available. International guidelines suggest that the Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) can be used in these programmes. In order to assess the current level of control and guide therapy, the same cut-off values are being used as in conventional asthma management. However, ...
Lerche Christian Johann - - 2013
A 17-year-old male with a history of newly implanted mechanical valve at the aortic position, presented with fever, rigors, and painful cutaneous abscesses on his lower extremities and was suspected for infective endocarditis. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed a vegetation-like structure following the movement of the mechanical heart valve (MHV), which ...
Kang Jin Wook - - 2013
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have generated a great deal of interest in clinical application due to their ability to undergo multi-lineage differentiation. Recently, ex vivo genetic modification of hMSCs was attempted to increase their differentiation potential. The present study was conducted to evaluate the biodistribution and in vivo efficacy ...
Mohan Shaun V - - 2013
En coup de sabre is a rare subtype of linear scleroderma that characteristically affects the skin, underlying muscle, and bone of the frontoparietal region of the face and scalp. It typically presents in the first two decades of life, and may be associated with focal neurological deficits. We present a ...
He C - - 2013
Circadian rhythms in behaviour and physiology exist widely in animals, plants, fungi and cyanobacteria. Although much work has been carried out to characterize the endogenous clock circuit, the output signals coupling the circadian pacemaker to behaviour and physiology remain elusive. Here, we show that neuropeptide F (NPF), a homologue of ...
Canis Martin - - 2013
Objectives: To investigate oncological and functional results of enoral laser microsurgery in treatment of cancer of the oral cavity. Methods: A retrospective chart analysis was carried out. 232 patients with cancer of the oral cavity were treated by enoral laser microsurgery +/- selective neck dissection +/- postoperative radio(chemo-)therapy. Results: 72 ...
Dias Priyan - - 2013
The nature of engineering and history as disciplines are explored and found to have some striking similarities, for example in the importance they place on context and practitioner involvement. They are found to be different from science, which focuses more on universal generalizations rather than on the particulars of given ...
Jalali Mohsen - - 2013
Fractionation of soil phosphorus (P) can provide useful information for assessing the risk of soil P as the potential sources of eutrophication in aquatic systems. Little information exists on P forms in paddy soils of Isfahan Province in central Iran, where P fertilizers have been continuously applied for at least ...
Climent M A - - 2013
Bone metastases are a common complication of advanced prostate cancer and while they are less common in non-prostate genitourinary (GU) malignances, they have been reported in up to 35 % of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma and bladder cancer. Furthermore, they may occur in more than two-thirds of those patients ...
Teles Alves Inês - - 2013
The VCaP cell line is widely used in prostate cancer research as it is a unique model to study castrate resistant disease expressing high levels of the wild type androgen receptor and the TMPRSS2-ERG fusion transcript. Using next generation sequencing, we assembled the structural variations in VCaP genomic DNA and ...
Jarvis Melanie - - 2013
AIM: To study the impact on newborn behavioural states and accuracy of three infrared thermometers compared with digital axillary thermometer measurements in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: Single-centre prospective observational study. Preterm infants born <1500-g birth weight were eligible. Infants were observed for pre-measurement behaviour state using a five-point ...
Janicsák Henriett - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: A host of medical, socio-demographic, and psychological factors that affect bone marrow transplantation (BMT) patients' quality of life (QOL) has been identified but due to the methodological diversity of the studies, the findings have been contradictory. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of somatic status, ...
Ko Jin-A - - 2013
This study aimed to develop an economically viable enzyme for the optimal production of steviol (S) from stevioside (ST). Of 9 commercially available glycosidases tested, S-producing β-glucosidase (SPGase) was selected and purified 74-fold from Penicillium decumbens naringinase by a three-step column chromatography procedure. The 121-kDa protein was stable at pH 2.3-6.0 ...
Megra Bezawit - - 2013
HIV infection and HIV neurocognitive impairment are major global health problems. The prevalence of HIV associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) is increasing as people with HIV are living longer due to the success of antiretroviral therapies. Our laboratory identified the soluble form of (sPrP(c)), the cellular non-pathogenic isoform of the prion ...
Zubkova Ekaterina - - 2013
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for long was known as immunomodulator and tumor marker having multifaceted actions on the activity of normal and transformed cells. In present study, we have investigated the involvement of AFP in regulation of THP-1 cell line invasion and underlying mechanisms. Treatment with human recombinant AFP causes up-regulation of ...
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