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Results 351 - 400 of 2531
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Bhaskaran Jitha - - 2013
Plant exhibits various patterns of survival under salinity and their growth and development depend on their capacity to overcome the stress. Present investigation was focused on the response and regulation of the antioxidant defense system and the level of lipid peroxidation in Panicum miliacium and Panicum sumatrense under salt treatments. ...
Spiro Alexander S - - 2013
Although several studies reported that raloxifene treatment improves postmenopausal osteoporotic bone structure and reduces fracture risk, only a few animal and no human studies have examined its effects on the fracture healing process. Thus the aim of the present study was to determine, whether systemic application of the selective estrogen ...
Fukui Yuichiro - - 2013
Lactic acid bacteria confer a variety of health benefits. Here, we investigate the mechanisms by which Lactobacillus brevis KB290 (KB290) enhances cell-mediated cytotoxic activity. Female BALB/c mice aged 9 weeks were fed a diet containing KB290 (3 × 109 colony-forming units/g) or starch for 1 d. The resulting cytotoxic activity of splenocytes against ...
Liu Hai-Jing - - 2013
Mechanically resilient mats consisting of overlaid electrospun nanofibers with self-generated TiC crystallites embedded in a carbon matrix are surface-decorated with Pt nanoparticles as a novel electrocatalytic system for oxygen reduction reaction. Electrocatalytic activities (e.g., on-set potential and current density) of Pt are substantially enhanced due to high specific surface area ...
Garcia-Flores Jose - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the diagnostic conclusions between fetal neurosonography and MRI in the cases of congenital neurological abnormalities, and with postnatal clinical and imaging evaluation, when available. Methods: Retrospective study of 28 patients who underwent a fetal MRI study for suspected congenital neurological anomalies. The diagnoses obtained by neurosonography ...
Pinheiro Daniela Felipe - - 2013
Intrauterine dietary restriction may cause changes in the functioning of offspring organs and systems later in life an effect known as fetal programming. The present study evaluated mRNA abundance and immunolocalization of nutrient transporters as well as enterocytes proliferation in the proximal, median and distal segments of small intestine of ...
Johar Pramod - - 2013
Although previous studies have demonstrated neuromuscular and cardiovascular changes with slow inversion rates, emergencies, such as overturned vehicles and helicopters can occur rapidly. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in neuromuscular and cardiovascular responses with rapid (1 s) and slower (3 s) transitions from upright to inverted seated positions. ...
Chen I-Shiung - - 2013
In this study, the complete mitogenome sequence of Chinese sucker Myxocyprinus asiaticus (Cypriniformes, Catostomidae) has been amplified and sequenced by employing long polymerase chain reaction method. The mitogenome, consisting of 16,636 base pairs (bp), had the typical vertebrate mitochondrial gene arrangement, including 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, 2 ribosomal ...
Wang Changwei - - 2013
A novel conjugated side-chain polymer (PBDT-TID), based on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (BDT) and isoindigo (ID) moieties, was designed and synthesized. The new polymer exhibited excellent microphase separation in active layers. Bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells fabricated from PBDT-TID and PC61BM showed promising power conversion efficiencies of 5.25% and 6.51% using conventional and ...
Liss David T - - 2013
Annual fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) has the potential to reduce colorectal cancer mortality, but in practice it is challenging to complete FOBT every year. Repeat FOBT adherence may be especially low in community health center (CHC) settings, where many patients face barriers to annual FOBT completion. We conducted a ...
Gargiulo D A - - 2013
AIMS: The aims of this study were to explore the extent of extemporaneous compounding in veterinary centres throughout New Zealand and to determine whether pharmacists could collaborate with veterinarians to improve this service in New Zealand. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to 200 randomly selected veterinarians in New Zealand. Semi-structured interviews ...
Karadeniz Gulistan - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AE-COPD) are a result of infectious or non-infectious instances. In our study, we aimed to determine whether serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are predictive indicators for disease severity and prognosis in hospitalized patients ...
Tian He - - 2013
Recently, manipulating heat transport by asymmetric graphene ribbons has received significant attention, in which phonons in the carbon lattice are used to carry energy. In addition to heat control, asymmetric graphene ribbons might also have broad applications in renewable energy engineering, such as thermoelectric energy harvesting. Here, we transfer a ...
Yu Jianghua - - 2013
Many best management practices have been developed and implemented to treat the nonpoint source pollution of the aquatic environment in Korea's four major river basins. The performance and cost of these facilities were evaluated and compared using broad categories, including grassed swales, constructed wetlands, vegetated filter strips, hydrodynamic separators, media ...
Lu Huimin - - 2013
To investigate the platelet activity in Chinese obese adolescents with and without insulin resistance. A cross-sectional study was performed in 159 obese Chinese adolescents to investigate their platelet activity using anthropometrics and biochemical parameters, oral glucose tolerance test and platelet testing. An index of insulin sensitivity, homeostasis model assessment of ...
Kumar Robert S - - 2013
Black, Hispanic, and Asian patients have been underrepresented in percutaneous coronary intervention clinical trials; therefore, there are limited data available on outcomes for these race/ethnicity groups. We examined outcomes in 423 965 patients in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI Registry database linked to Medicare claims for follow-up. Within each ...
Curé Charlotte - - 2013
Interactions between individuals of different cetacean species are often observed in the wild. Killer whales (Orcinus orca) can be potential predators of many other cetaceans, and the interception of their vocalizations by unintended cetacean receivers may trigger anti-predator behavior that could mediate predator-prey interactions. We explored the anti-predator behaviour of ...
Moura Neto A - - 2013
Alterations in thyroid hormone levels are found associated with inflammation in patients with non-thyroidal illness (NTIS) and are common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Inflammation has also been linked with development of cardiovascular events (CVE) in T2DM. Our objective was to assess whether thyroid hormone abnormalities typical ...
Kock Linda - - 2013
Background: Current tissue-engineered cartilage constructs contain insufficient amounts of collagen, whose function is to resist tension. We postulate that dynamic tension is necessary to stimulate collagen formation. Another shortcoming is that TE cartilage does not possess native zonal variations. We hypothesize that applying depth-varying mechanical cues would stimulate ECM synthesis ...
Kim Eung-Sam - - 2013
Nanotechnology has been applied to the development of more effective and compatible drug delivery systems for therapeutic proteins. Human growth hormone (hGH) was fused with a hybrid Fc fragment containing partial Fc domains of human IgD and IgG4 to produce a long-acting fusion protein. The fusion protein, hGH-hyFc, resulted in ...
He Yi - - 2013
Normally, gene targeting by homologous recombination occurs rarely during a transformation process since non-homologous recombination is predominant in filamentous fungi. In our previous researches, the average gene replacement frequency (GRF) in Monascus ruber M7 was as low as 15 %. To develop a highly efficient gene targeting system for M. ruber ...
Ng D C K - - 2013
PURPOSE: Obturator hernia is a rare disease and preoperative diagnosis is always difficult. There are increasing reports employing laparoscopic approach in the recent literature. Our aim was to review and compare the open and laparoscopic approach in repairing obturator hernia. METHODS: All patients with obturator hernia from 1997 to 2011 ...
Shono Michiko - - 2013
The melanin granules are synthesized in melanocytes in the epidermal basal layer and the hair matrix. For the effective passage of melanin granules to the adjacent keratinocytes, melanocytes utilize unique cytoplasmic delivery system in which cytoskeletal network is prominently involved. Here, we show that the t-SNARE protein syntaxin3, a member ...
Ember Carol R - - 2013
The papers in this special issue of Human Nature collectively consider societal and individual responses to a wide variety of environmental and social risks. The first paper considers societal level effects of pathogen risk on collectivism and conformity, avoidance of outsiders, and in-group loyalty in a worldwide cross-cultural sample. The ...
Yang Moon Hee - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:There is suggestive but sparse evidence that dyslipidemia is associated with colorectal neoplasms. We investigated the association of serum lipid and apolipoprotein concentrations with the prevalence of colorectal adenomas.METHODS:Cross-sectional study of 19,281 consecutive participants aged 40-79 years undergoing screening colonoscopy at the Center for Health Promotion of the Samsung Medical ...
Benedik Jaroslav - - 2013
Stability of the aortic annulus is a key factor in achieving long-term durability of the aortic valve re-implantation. We propose a new method of sub-annular fixation of the root prosthesis, enabling post-procedural transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided adjustment of the aortic annulus dimensions.
Lottmann Ralf - - 2013
The paper focuses on filial norms and attitudes of older people about the care system of welfare states. It is a further investigation of the OASIS cross national study and examines three questions: First, what do older people in Israel and Germany consider to be the proper balance between the ...
Biggs T C - - 2013
Background and objectives: There is currently little published guidance on the management of anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication in patients admitted with epistaxis. The routine practice of withholding such medication in an attempt to control the epistaxis is common in the UK. However, this practice is not evidence-based, is often unnecessary, ...
Thevendran G - - 2013
The Achilles tendon (AT) is the most frequently ruptured tendon in the human body yet the aetiology remains poorly understood. Despite the extensively published literature, controversy still surrounds the optimum treatment of complete rupture. Both non-operative management and percutaneous repair are attractive alternatives to open surgery, which carries the highest ...
Bravo-Ferrada Bárbara Mercedes - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate fifty-three Lactobacillus plantarum isolates obtained from a Patagonian red wine, molecularly identified and typified using RAPD analysis, in order to select starter cultures for malolactic fermentation (MLF). The results obtained suggest a considerable genetic diversity, taking into account that all L. plantarum ...
Tanskanen Tomas - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Early-onset colorectal cancer (CRC), defined here as age of onset less than 40 years, develops frequently in genetically predisposed individuals. Next-generation sequencing is an increasingly available option in the diagnostic workup of suspected hereditary susceptibility, but little is known about the practical feasibility and additional diagnostic yield of ...
Nielsen Lisbeth Munksgaard - - 2013
In biology the interplay between multiple light-absorbers gives rise to complex quantum effects such as superposition states that are of extreme importance for life, both for harvesting solar energy and likely protecting nucleic acids from radiation damage. Still the characteristics of these states and their quantum dynamics are a much ...
Busnelli Andrea - - 2013
Background: Levothyroxine has been shown to enhance pregnancy outcomes in women with hypothyroidism requiring In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). However, the precise magnitude of these benefits remains to be determined. In particular, it has yet to be clarified whether levothyroxine may fully overcome the detrimental effects of hypothyroidism or, conversely, whether ...
Ohara Junichiro - - 2013
Thraustochytrids, unicellular eukaryotic marine protists, accumulate polyunsaturated fatty acids. Here, we report the molecular cloning and functional characterization of two fatty acid elongase genes (designated tselo1 and tselo2), which could be involved in the desaturase/elongase (standard) pathway in Thraustochytrium sp. ATCC 26185. TsELO1, the product of tselo1 and classified into ...
Tskhay Konstantin O - - 2013
In intercourse between men, one of the partners typically assumes the role of an insertive partner (top) while the other assumes a receptive role (bottom). Although some research suggests that the perceptions of potential partners' sexual roles in gay men's relationships can affect whether a man will adopt the role ...
Kobayashi Soh - - 2013
Rapid urbanization is one of the major pressures on amphibian species. Elucidating changes in genetic structure will be useful in evaluating the effects of urbanization on amphibian populations. Our study focused on Rana japonica, which is common in complex agricultural landscapes known as satoyama, which are also under intense development ...
Oraka Emeka - - 2013
Objectives: Racial/ethnic disparities in current asthma prevalence and medical care are a major public health concern. We examined the differences in asthma prevalence and morbidity among major racial/ethnic populations in the U.S. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2001-2010 National Health Interview Survey for adults (≥18 years) and children and ...
Jang Sang Eon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Small stone fragments after an endoscopic stone extraction for choledocholithiasis may act as the nidus for recurrent choledocholithiasis. Therefore, efforts to eliminate the nidus might reduce the recurrence of choledocholithiasis and cholangitis related to choledocholithiasis. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an additional preventive saline ...
Chevalier Xavier - - 2013
New treatment options are needed for osteoarthritis (OA) to slow down the structural progression of the disease; current therapies mostly target pain and function with minimal effectiveness. OA results from an imbalance between catabolic and anabolic factors, and biologic agents either target specific catabolic proinflammatory mediators, such as cytokines, nitric ...
Dunlop Jason A - - 2013
Fossil mesostigmatid mites are extremely rare. Inclusions assignable to the tortoise mites (Mesostigmata, Uropodina) are described here for the first time from Eocene (ca. 44-49 Ma) Baltic amber. This is the oldest record of Uropodina and documents the first unequivocal amber examples potentially assignable to the extant genus Uroobovella Berlese, 1903 ...
Kwok Albert C H - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Stomal varices can develop in patients with ostomy in the setting of portal hypertension. Bleeding from the stomal varices is uncommon, but the consequences can be disastrous. Haemorrhage control measures that have been described in the literature include pressure dressings, stomal revision, mucocutaneous disconnection, variceal suture ligation and sclerotherapy. ...
Lemaitre Florian - - 2013
This case-report describes a massive voriconazole (VRZ) intoxication in a patient with a poor metabolizer profile, highlighted by low plasma main metabolite concentrations (N-oxide voriconazole), despite an extensive genetic profile for CYP2C19 and CYP2C9. The patient was treated with therapeutic dose of VRZ but developed a neurotoxicity leading to hallucinations ...
Benbow Susan Mary - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: The provision of mental health care for older people will become increasingly important with rising demand related to global demographic changes. This project aimed to identify changes in work patterns of UK consultant old age psychiatrists between 1993 and 2012. Method: A link to an online questionnaire was ...
Chen Qiushu - - 2013
We achieved optofluidic protein lasing using genetically encoded fluorescent protein FRET pairs linked by length-tunable peptides. Up to 25-fold reduction in the donor laser emission was observed when the donor and the acceptor were brought to close proximity, as compared to only 17% reduction in the donor emission using the ...
Vanaelst Barbara - - 2013
Chronic stress exposure is associated with diverse negative health outcomes. It has been hypothesised that stress may also negatively affect the body's mineral status. This study investigates the association between chronic stress and long-term mineral concentrations of calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), phosphorus (P) and zinc (Zn) ...
Koller Michael T - - 2013
In Switzerland, organ procurement is well organized at the national-level but transplant outcomes have not been systematically monitored so far. Therefore, a novel project, the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study (STCS), was established. The STCS is a prospective multicentre study, designed as a dynamic cohort, which enrolls all solid organ recipients ...
Chopra Pradeep - - 2013
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a neuropathic pain syndrome, which involves glial activation and central sensitization in the central nervous system. Here, we describe positive outcomes of two CRPS patients, after they were treated with low-dose naltrexone (a glial attenuator), in combination with other CRPS therapies. Prominent CRPS symptoms ...
Liu Tracy W - - 2013
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men and the second cause of male cancer-related deaths. There are currently three critical needs in prostate cancer imaging to personalize cancer treatment: 1. accurate intraprostatic imaging for multiple foci and extra-capsular extent; 2. monitoring local and systemic treatment response and predicting ...
Engelberg Klemens - - 2013
Red blood cell invasion by the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum relies on a complex protein network that uses low and high affinity receptor-ligand interactions. Signal transduction through the action of specific kinases is a control mechanism for the orchestration of this process. Here we report on the phosphorylation of the ...
Cochet Hélène - - 2013
Variation in methods and measures, resulting in past dispute over the existence of population handedness in nonhuman great apes, has impeded progress into the origins of human right-handedness and how it relates to the human hallmark of language. Pooling evidence from behavioral studies, neuroimaging and neuroanatomy, we evaluate data on ...
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