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Sun Jingyu - - 2013
Truncated pyramid-shaped Ni nanocrystals were epitaxially grown on SrTiO3(001) surfaces and characterised by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). These nanocrystals were shown to be catalytically active for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The narrow size distribution of the Ni nanocrystals results in a similar narrow distribution of CNT diameters.
Ishikawa-Takata Kazuko - - 2013
The present study compared the accuracy of triaxial accelerometry and the doubly labelled water (DLW) method for measuring physical activity (PA) in Japanese adolescents. A total of sixty adolescents aged 12-15 years were analysed. The total energy expenditure (TEE) was measured over 7 d by the DLW method and with an ...
Glavas-Dodov Marija - - 2013
We have previously reported the development and characterisation of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA)-functionalised chitosan-Ca-alginate (CTS-Ca-ALG) microparticles (MPs) loaded with acid-resistant particles of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). In the present work, our goal was to evaluate the potential of these carriers for efficient treatment of colon cancer by studying in vitro permeability and cell ...
Langerak T R - - 2013
PURPOSE: Automated segmentation is required for radiotherapy treatment planning, and multi-atlas methods are frequently used for this purpose. The combination of multiple intermediate results from multi-atlas segmentation into a single segmentation map can be achieved by label fusion. A method that includes expert knowledge in the label fusion phase of ...
Mazur Joanna - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the impact that raised mother's education and a relative change in family affluence might have on adolescent general self-efficacy (GSE). METHODS: Data on 600 children born in Poland in January 1995 and their families were used. Data from early childhood and ...
Pang Xiaosha X Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 651 Ilalo Street BSB 222, Honolulu, HI 96813, - - 2013
HIV infection and methamphetamine (Meth) abuse both may lead to oxidative stress. This study used HIV-1 transgenic (HIV-1Tg) rats to investigate the independent and combined effects of HIV viral protein expression and low dose repeated Meth exposure on the glutathione (GSH)-centered antioxidant system and oxidative stress in the brain. Total ...
Bartoszewicz Marek - - 2013
The Bacillus cereus sensu lato group includes potentially pathogenic bacteria that are ubiquitous in the environment and, importantly, could also be present in food products. This study focuses on emetic isolates which presumably could cause acute food poisoning and emetic syndrome. Here, we evaluate the ability of psychrotolerant Bacillus weihenstephanensis ...
Balassiano Débora Helena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The heart rate (HR) achieved at the end of an exercise test (ET) is called maximal HR and is known to have clinical and epidemiological relevance. For its correct measurement, it is necessary that the ET be truly maximal. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of a history of intense ...
O'Malley Keelia - - 2013
The feasibility of working with neighborhood corner stores to increase the availability of fresh fruit and vegetables in low-income neighborhoods in New Orleans was assessed. Household interviews and 24-hour dietary recalls (n = 97), corner store customer intercept interviews (n = 60) and interviews with corner store operators (owners/managers) (n = 12) were conducted in three ...
Petruzzelli Annalisa - - 2013
A study was carried out to verify the appropriateness of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan adopted in a school catering facility. To that end, the microbiological quality of foods, the correct implementation of special diets (lactose- and gluten-free) and the nutritional value of foods were assessed. ...
Yanagita Hisami - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the use of xenon ventilation maps (Xe-images) for predicting postoperative pulmonary function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After study approval by the institutional review board, written informed consent was obtained from 30 patients with lung tumors who underwent pre- and postoperative spirometry, pulmonary perfusion SPECT and dual-energy CT (80 kV ...
Matsuura Kazuki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Studies have indicated that intracameral administration of moxifloxacin (MFLX), a fourth-generation fluoroquinolone, is safe and effective. However, administration methods vary between studies, and no definite protocol exists. A prospective study clarifying the incidence of endophthalmitis and complication rates associated with each administration method would require an extremely large sample ...
An Youn-Joo - - 2013
Current water quality standards for the protection of human health in Korea include 17 substances found in rivers and streams. Due to increasing concern over the release of hazardous chemicals into the aquatic environment, there has been a demand for additional water quality standards. Therefore, the Korean Ministry of the ...
Savitz J B JB Laureate Institute for Brain Research, Tulsa, OK, - - 2013
In response to queries about whether brain imaging technology has reached the point where it is useful for making a clinical diagnosis and for helping to guide treatment selection, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) has recently written a position paper on the Clinical Application of Brain Imaging in Psychiatry. The ...
Yu Liangzhu - - 2013
The cardiac L-type Ca(2+) channel current (I Ca,L) plays an important role in controlling both cardiac excitability and excitation-contraction coupling and is involved in the electrical remodeling during postnatal heart development and cardiac hypertrophy. However, the possible role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the electrical remodeling of postnatal and diseased hearts ...
Liss David T - - 2013
Annual fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) has the potential to reduce colorectal cancer mortality, but in practice it is challenging to complete FOBT every year. Repeat FOBT adherence may be especially low in community health center (CHC) settings, where many patients face barriers to annual FOBT completion. We conducted a ...
Gargiulo D A - - 2013
AIMS: The aims of this study were to explore the extent of extemporaneous compounding in veterinary centres throughout New Zealand and to determine whether pharmacists could collaborate with veterinarians to improve this service in New Zealand. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to 200 randomly selected veterinarians in New Zealand. Semi-structured interviews ...
Karadeniz Gulistan - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AE-COPD) are a result of infectious or non-infectious instances. In our study, we aimed to determine whether serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are predictive indicators for disease severity and prognosis in hospitalized patients ...
Tian He - - 2013
Recently, manipulating heat transport by asymmetric graphene ribbons has received significant attention, in which phonons in the carbon lattice are used to carry energy. In addition to heat control, asymmetric graphene ribbons might also have broad applications in renewable energy engineering, such as thermoelectric energy harvesting. Here, we transfer a ...
Yu Jianghua - - 2013
Many best management practices have been developed and implemented to treat the nonpoint source pollution of the aquatic environment in Korea's four major river basins. The performance and cost of these facilities were evaluated and compared using broad categories, including grassed swales, constructed wetlands, vegetated filter strips, hydrodynamic separators, media ...
Vassos E - - 2013
A large number of candidate gene studies for aggression and violence have been conducted. Successful identification of associations between genetic markers and aggression would contribute to understanding the neurobiology of antisocial behavior and potentially provide useful tools for risk prediction and therapeutic targets for high-risk groups of patients and offenders. ...
Lu Huimin - - 2013
To investigate the platelet activity in Chinese obese adolescents with and without insulin resistance. A cross-sectional study was performed in 159 obese Chinese adolescents to investigate their platelet activity using anthropometrics and biochemical parameters, oral glucose tolerance test and platelet testing. An index of insulin sensitivity, homeostasis model assessment of ...
Takwoingi Yemisi Y Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Systematic reviews that "compare" the accuracy of 2 or more tests often include different sets of studies for each test. To investigate the availability of direct comparative studies of test accuracy and to assess whether summary estimates of accuracy differ between meta-analyses of noncomparative and comparative studies. Systematic reviews in ...
Otsuki Michio - - 2013
In many sliding systems consisting of solid object on a solid substrate under dry condition, the friction force does not depend on the apparent contact area and is proportional to the loading force. This behaviour is called Amontons' law and indicates that the friction coefficient, or the ratio of the ...
Güzel Ahmet Barış - - 2013
Recent studies have clearly defined the vaginopathic Candida albicans strains that cause severe vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). Therefore, genotyping C. albicans isolates may predict the success of and assist in choosing the appropriate antifungal therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the genotypes of C. albicans isolates causing VVC ...
Jana Avijit - - 2013
A series of carboxylic acids including amino acids were protected as their corresponding fluorescent ester conjugates by coupling with an environment sensitive fluorophore 9-methylacridine. Photophysical properties of all the ester conjugates along with the protecting group have been investigated. Interestingly, the emission properties of the ester conjugates and 9-methylacridine were ...
Gunnell David - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems may lead to, or be symptomatic of, depression and other mental illnesses yet few studies have investigated their association with suicide risk. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 393,983 men and women aged 20 or above participating in the MJ health check-up programme. RESULTS: There were ...
Tian Changwei - - 2013
Coffee consumption has been linked to risk of colorectal cancer theoretically, but the findings were conflicting from observational studies. Results from the recent meta-analysis suggested a moderate favorable effect of coffee consumption on colorectal cancer risk, especially for colon cancer. However, the relationship, if exists, between coffee consumption and colorectal ...
Choi Youna - - 2013
This study evaluated the osteoinductive effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)-coated biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) carrier system on the grafted sinus area including surrounding tissues and the Schneiderian membrane. Total 18 male rabbits were used in this study; two for in vitro and 16 for in vivo experiments. ...
Harnroongroj Thossart T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand. - - 2013
Unstable posterior fracture-dislocation of the hip is determined by the wall defect or acetabular fracture index. The unstable hip is a result of inadequate posterior acetabular coverage of the femoral head from the posterior acetabular wall fracture. In order to measure total posterior acetabular coverage of the femoral head and ...
Prieto Luis - - 2013
Objective: The effect of spirometric maneuvers on exhaled nitric oxide (NO) at the constant flow rate of 50 ml/s (FENO) has been studied with equivocal results. Furthermore, the effects of spirometry on bronchial NO flux (J'awNO) and alveolar NO (CANO), two measurements increasingly being used in clinical and research protocols, ...
Ariff Iqbal Mohamed - - 2013
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) predominantly infects neurons and causes damage to the central nervous system (CNS). Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) constitute multi-potent stem cell population in postnatal/adult brain, with capacity to differentiate into neurons, astrocytes or oligodendrocytes. NSPCs are known to play a pivotal role in CNS repair mechanisms during ...
Varges Daniela - - 2013
We discuss relevant aspects in two siblings with a neurodegenerative process of unclear aetiology who developed progressive dementia with global aphasia and hyperoral behaviour at the ages of 39 and 46 years and who died 6 and 5 years after disease onset. The cases were reported to the National Reference Center for ...
Ishijima Sumio - - 2013
The function of Ca(2+) and cAMP in extruding doublet microtubules from sea urchin sperm axoneme and generating flagellar waves was investigated in order to clarify the regulatory mechanism of microtubule sliding and the formation mechanism of beating patterns of cilia and flagella. Almost all potentially asymmetric spermatozoa that were demembranated ...
Cai Menghao - - 2013
Effects of different light conditions on development, growth, and secondary metabolism of three marine-derived filamentous fungi were investigated. Darkness irritated sexual development of Aspergillus glaucus HB1-19, while white, red, and blue lights improved its asexual behavior. The red and blue lights improved asexual stroma formation of Xylaria sp. (no. 2508), ...
Gumuskaya B - - 2013
Background:ERG rearrangements and PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10) loss are two of the most common genetic alterations in prostate cancer. However, there is still significant controversy regarding the order of events of these two changes during the carcinogenic process. We used immunohistochemistry (IHC) to determine ERG ...
Schell Andreas W - - 2013
To fully integrate quantum optical technology, active quantum systems must be combined with resonant microstructures and optical interconnects harvesting and routing photons in three diemsnsions (3D) on one chip. We fabricate such combined structures for the first time by using two-photon laser lithography and a photoresist containing nanodiamonds including nitrogen ...
Bonifaz Alexandro - - 2013
AIM: Diaper dermatitis (DD) is an inflammatory irritating condition that is common in infants. Most cases are associated with the yeast colonization of Candida or diaper dermatitis candidiasis (DDC), and therefore, the signs and symptoms improve with antimycotic treatment. Sertaconazole is a broad-spectrum third-generation imidazole derivative that is effective and ...
Aničin Aleksandar - - 2013
Lysosomal proteases cathepsins B and L (CB, CL) and their endogenous inhibitors stefins A and B (SA, SB) are associated with tumor cell invasion and metastasis. The purpose of this study was to determine the immunohistochemical (IHC) localization of these parameters in tissue sections of 65 patients with operable head ...
Manzanares Sebastián - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the perinatal outcome of intrauterine growth-restricted preterm twins and contribution of prematurity to morbidity and mortality. Study design: A case-control study of 211 preterm twins: 108 growth-restricted twins matched with 103 normal growth twins of the same gestational age. Mortality and morbidity rates were compared between groups. ...
Maharjan Purna P - - 2013
A conjugated copolymer based on alternating benzo[1,2-b;3,4-b']dithiophene (BDT) donor and dodecyloxy substituted benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (ABT) acceptor units was prepared for application in organic solar cells. A power conversion efficiency (PCE) of ∼3% with a short-circuit current (Jsc) of 7.63 mA cm(-2), an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.71 V and a fill-factor ...
Odoms-Young Angela M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the impact of the 2009 food packages mandated by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on dietary intake and home food availability in low-income African-American and Hispanic parent/child dyads. DESIGN: A natural experiment was conducted to assess if the revised ...
Playford Denese - - 2013
Aim: Student and assessor performance were examined over three academic years using the mini Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mCEX) as a continuous feedback tool across all disciplines, in all learning contexts, for an entire integrated undergraduate year. Methods: Students could complete any number of mCEX, but had to submit a minimum ...
Roy Choudhury Samrat - - 2013
Nanosized elemental sulfur (ES) is already reported to exert superior antimicrobial efficacy than micron-sized ES, which encourages their use in drugs and therapeutics. The aim of the present study is to explore the possible route and mode of antimicrobial action of orthorhombic (α-SNPs) and monoclinic (β-SNPs) allotropes of sulfur, respectively, ...
Shi Weijia - - 2013
Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is reportedly associated with extra-digestive diseases, such as immune thrombocytopenic purpura and coronary heart disease. The risk factors for autoimmune thyroid diseases (ATDs) remain largely unknown, and whether H. pylori infection is associated with ATDs is still controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was ...
Cho Siwoo - - 2013
Immunoisolation membranes have been developed for various cell encapsulations for therapeutic purposes. However effective encapsulation systems have been hindered by low oxygen (O2) permeability or imperfect immunoisolation caused by either low porosity or non-uniform pore geometry. Here, we report an encapsulation method that uses an anodic aluminum oxide membrane formed ...
Stefanik Joshua J JJ Clinical Epidemiology Research and Training Unit, Boston University School of Medicine, 650 Albany Street, Suite 200, Boston, MA 02118, USA. - - 2013
Patellofemoral joint (PFJ) malalignment (lateral patella displacement and tilt) has been proposed as a cause of patellofemoral pain. Patella height and/or the morphologic features of the femoral trochlea may predispose one to patella malalignment. The purposes of our study were to assess the associations among patella height, morphologic features of ...
Adeyi Okoh - - 2013
The 2-(3-biphenyl-2-ol)-6-iminepyridines, 2-(3-C12H8-2-OH)-6-(CH[double bond, length as m-dash]NAr)C5H3N (Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (-H), 2,4,6-Me3C6H2 (-H)), have been prepared in high yield via sequential Suzuki coupling, deprotection and condensation reactions from 2-methoxybiphenyl-3-ylboronic acid and 2-bromo-6-formylpyridine. Treatment of -H with Pd(OAc)2 or (MeCN)2PdCl2 results in deprotonation of -H to afford the discrete square planar ...
Ishii Masaru - - 2013
Recent advances in optical imaging with two-photon excitation microscopy have enabled visualization of the inside of intact bone tissues in living animals. Using these advanced techniques, the dynamic behaviors of live bone cells and static histological information on bone tissue structures can be elucidated. The migration and positioning of osteoclast ...
Jang Sang Eon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Small stone fragments after an endoscopic stone extraction for choledocholithiasis may act as the nidus for recurrent choledocholithiasis. Therefore, efforts to eliminate the nidus might reduce the recurrence of choledocholithiasis and cholangitis related to choledocholithiasis. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an additional preventive saline ...
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