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Results 251 - 300 of 2531
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Cavell Lianne K - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Controversy exists regarding whether to place a plastic or a metal endobiliary stent in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer who require biliary drainage. Although self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) provide better drainage compared with plastic stents, concerns remain that SEMS may compromise resection and increase postoperative complications. Our objective was to ...
Ali Akin Mustafa - - 2013
Abstract Aim: We aimed to evaluate the deformability characteristics of RBC and the affecting factors in newborns diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and to compare the outcomes after the L-thyroxin treatment. Patients and Method: Enrolled subjects were divided into two subgroups as "patients" and age matched healthy "controls". First blood ...
Iyer Pallavi - - 2013
Abstract Background: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) presents with local and distant metastases frequently in children than adults. However, hypoxemia secondary to pulmonary metastases has not been reported in the literature. Sorafenib is a small molecule multi-kinase inhibitor used in iodine-131 refractive papillary thyroid carcinoma. Patient Findings: An 8-year old boy ...
Sarin Sabina - - 2013
A controversial proposal to collapse sexual disorders of desire and arousal is forthcoming in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) (DSM-5). Yet, no study has attempted to empirically distinguish these disorders by using explicit criteria to recruit and compare distinct groups of low desire and arousal ...
Yan Zhuangqing - - 2013
(3E,7E)-3,7-Bis(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']difuran-2,6(3H,7H)-dione (IBDF) was used as a new electron-acceptor building block for polymer semiconductors with very low-lying energy levels. A copolymer of IBDF and thiophene showed stable electron transport performance in thin film transistors.
Wettersten Hiromi I - - 2013
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the 13th most common cancer in the world and one of the few cancers for which incidence is increasing. This disease is generally asymptomatic at an early stage and is highly metastatic. Frequently discovered by physicians in the process of working up other diseases such ...
Chaikham Pittaya - - 2013
The effect of encapsulated Lactobacillus acidophilus LA5 along with pasteurized longan juice on the colon microbiota was investigated by applying a dynamic model of the human gastrointestinal tract. Encapsulated L. acidophilus LA5 in pasteurized longan juice or sole encapsulated L. acidophilus LA5 exhibited the efficiency of colonizing the colon and ...
Poletto Mattia - - 2013
The human Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (hAPE1) is an essential enzyme, being the main abasic endonuclease in higher eukaryotes. However, many evidences show that hAPE1 can directly bind specific gene promoters, thus modulating their transcriptional activity, even in the absence of specific DNA damage. Recent findings, moreover, suggest a role for ...
Jarcuska Pavol - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The health of Roma has been found to be poorer than that of the majority population. The aim of this study was to explore the differences between Roma and non-Roma regarding perceived barriers in accessing health services. Furthermore, we aimed to assess the association between self-rated health status and ...
Song Kedong - - 2013
The in vitro basic biological characteristics and directed differentiation potential towards cardiomyocytes of adult adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) induced by angiotensin II were both investigated. ADSCs were isolated from adult adipose tissue and cultured in vitro, and were subsequently induced into adipocytes, chondrocytes, and osteoblasts for assays of multipotential differentiation. ...
Chu Zonglin - - 2013
A major scientific challenge of the past decade pertaining to the field of soft matter has been to craft 'adaptable' materials, inspired by nature, which can dynamically alter their structure and functionality on demand, in response to triggers produced by environmental changes. Amongst these, 'smart' surfactant wormlike micelles, responsive to ...
Grünberg Walter - - 2013
Hypophosphataemia is frequently encountered in dairy cows during early lactation. Although supplementation of P is generally recommended, controversy exists over the suitability of oral P supplementation in animals with decreased or absent rumen motility. Since the effects of transruminal P absorption and the reticular groove reflex on the absorption kinetics ...
Hatou Shin - - 2013
Tissue engineering approaches to cultivate corneal endothelial cells (CECs) or induce CECs from stem cells are under investigation for the treatment of endothelial dysfunction. Prior to clinical application, a validation method to determine the quality of these cells is required. In this study, we quantified the endothelial pump function required ...
Naidoo Y - - 2013
Aim: This study aimed to validate the use of the Adelaide Disease Severity Score for the assessment of chronic rhinosinusitis. Study design: A prospective cohort study supplying level 2b evidence. Methods: Forty-eight patients, scheduled for endoscopic sinus surgery for failed management of chronic rhinosinusitis, completed the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test 22 ...
Zhu Shan-Shan - - 2013
We engineered Rhizopus chinensis lipase to study its critical amino acid role in catalytic properties. Based on the amino acid sequence and three-dimensional model of the lipase, residues located in its lid hinge region (Met93 and Thr96) were replaced with corresponding amino acid residues (Ile93 and Asn96) found in the ...
Sarmento Carolina - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have a high risk of developing cardiovascular events. There is a high prevalence of PAD in individuals with kidney disease and both are important risk factors for cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between PAD and ...
Jin Xiaowei - - 2013
While more developed countries have a well-established systems to develop water quality criteria (WQC), little research has been done on the adequacy of the current WQC to protect endemic species of China. In order to maintain the health of aquatic ecosystems in China, a series of projects to establish national ...
Pinheiro Tatyana - - 2013
Squirrel monkeys (Saimiri spp.) are widely distributed in the Amazon basin. This study describes the ecological and behavioral patterns of two social groups of S. sciureus in forests adjacent to the Tucuruí hydroelectric reservoir in eastern Amazonia, including range size, activity budgets, and composition of the diet. The groups were ...
Wang M - - 2013
Lenalidomide-rituximab therapy is effective in grade 1-2 follicular and mantle cell lymphoma, but its efficacy in diffuse large cell (DLBCL), transformed (TL), and grade 3 follicular lymphoma (FLG3) is unknown. In this phase II trial, 45 patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL (n=32), TL (n=9), or FLG3 (n=4) who had ...
Matsumoto Chisa - - 2013
We established a novel method to analyze cells collected by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) named mRNA quantification after FACS (FACS-mQ) in which cells are labeled with a fluorescence dye in a manner that minimizes RNA degradation, and then cells sorted by FACS are examined by analyzing their gene expression profile. ...
Gaignaux Amélie - - 2013
Abstract Context: The release of an encapsulated drug is dependent on diffusion and/or degradation/erosion processes. Objective: This work aimed to better understand the degradation mechanism of clonidine-loaded microparticles. Methods: Gel permeation chromatography was used to evaluate the degradation of the polymer. The water-uptake and the weight loss were determined gravimetrically. ...
Bagnoli Silvia - - 2013
Chromosome 19 is one of the several prominent chromosomes related to the risk of developing late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). However, only Apolipoprotein E (APOE) has been confirmed as a risk factor for both disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate a set of ...
Shi Tonglei - - 2013
The marine microalga, Pavlova viridis, contains long-chain polyunsatured fatty acids including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA, 22:5n-3). A full-length cDNA sequence, pvelo5, was isolated from P. viridis. From sequence alignment, the gene was homologous to fatty acyl elongases from other organisms. Heterologous expression of pvelo5 in Saccharomyces ...
Quan Tingwei - - 2013
Drawing the map of neuronal circuits at microscopic resolution is important to explain how brain works. Recent progresses in fluorescence labeling and imaging techniques have enabled measuring the whole brain of a rodent like a mouse at submicron-resolution. Considering the huge volume of such datasets, automatic tracing and reconstruct the ...
Kenny Nathan J - - 2013
The C termini of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor NR2 subunits are thought to play a major role in the molecular establishment of memory across the Bilateria, via the phenomenon known as long-term potentiation (LTP). Despite their long history of use as models in the study of memory, the expression and structure ...
Kabat Geoffrey C - - 2013
Studies of the relationship between anthropometric indices of obesity and colorectal cancer risk in women have shown only weak and inconsistent associations. Given the limitations of such indices, we used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived measures of body fat obtained in the Women's Health Initiative to examine the association between body ...
Brandt Debra S - - 2013
Next generation sequencing offers benefit of improved health through knowledge, but comes with challenges, such as inevitable incidental findings (IFs). The applicability of recommended criteria for disclosure of individual results when applied to disclosure of IFs is not well known. The purpose of this study was to examine how medical ...
Zhang Jing - - 2013
Bioaugmentation with degrading bacteria is an effective method to improve the treatment of refractory industrial wastewater; nevertheless there were controversial opinions about the fate of inoculated bacteria and microbial community dynamics. In this study, two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors filled with modified zeolite were used to treat a coking wastewater ...
Zhang Shenyan - - 2013
The members of human aldo-keto Reductase(AKR)superfamily are reported involvement of cancer in many cases, whereas the final conclusion is not generally accepted. Herein, we proposed a quantitative method to measure human AKR proteins in cells using mTRAQ-based multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The AKR peptides with multiple transitions were carefully evaluated ...
Na Hyejin - - 2013
We report the systematic control of the morphology of β-NaYF4:Yb,Er/Tm upconversion nanophosphors (UCNPs) from large spheres (37.9 nm) to rods (length = 60.1 nm, width = 21.5 nm) and from rods to hexagonal prisms (length = 48.8 nm, width = 44.0 nm) or small spheres (14.0 nm) by the use ...
Boiteau Rene - - 2013
Organic ligands dominate the speciation of iron in the ocean. Little is known, however, about the chemical composition and distribution of these compounds. Here we describe a method to detect low concentrations of organic Fe ligands using reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) tandem multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry ...
Wierzbicki Michał - - 2013
Chiral capsules with polar interiors (reversed capsules) undergo heterochiral sorting and exhibit positive mutalism - both hemispheres mutually benefit from the association. This feature can be coupled with partial reversibility of the formation reaction and utilized to amplify synthesis of hybrid capsules made of hemispheres that cannot be formed independently.
Jones Steven - - 2013
Background: Children of bipolar parents are at elevated risk for psychiatric disorders including bipolar disorder. Helping bipolar parents to optimize parenting skills may improve their children's mental health outcomes. Clear evidence exists for benefits of behavioural parenting programmes, including those for depressed mothers. However, no studies have explored web-based self-directed ...
Moon Jeonggeun - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the extent of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging reflecting myocardial fibrosis correlates with left ventricular (LV) longitudinal function during exercise in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods and Results: Mitral annular velocities (E' and S') were measured on echocardiography at ...
Kruger Martin C - - 2013
Arsenic causes threats for environmental and human health in numerous places around the world mainly due to its carcinogenic potential at low doses. Removing arsenic from contaminated sites is hampered by the occurrence of several oxidation states with different physicochemical properties. The actual state of arsenic strongly depends on its ...
Gong Li - - 2013
Paraplagusia japonica (Cynoglossidae, Soleoidei) is characterized by a bilaterally asymmetrical and a series of fringes on the lips on the ocular side. Here we report for the first time the mitogenome of this tongue sole, which is 16,694 bp in length, and the gene order has been reorganized. The tRNA-Gln gene ...
Hu Yuanan - - 2013
Heavy metals in the surface soils from lands of six different use types in one of the world's most densely populated regions, which is also a major global manufacturing base, were analyzed to assess the impact of urbanization and industrialization on soil pollution. A total of 227 surface soil samples ...
Kumar Vinod - - 2013
Phytase-producing bacteria (PPB) is being investigated as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) to improve the phosphorus (P) nutrition and growth of plants grown in soil with high phytate content. Phytate is dominant organic P forms in many soils and must be hydrolyzed to be available for plants. Indian mustard (Brassica ...
Klink Joseph C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Inflammation may play a role in the development and progression of many cancers, including prostate cancer. We sought to test whether histological inflammation within prostate cancer was associated with more aggressive disease. METHODS: The slides of prostatectomy specimens were reviewed by a board-certified pathologist on 287 men from a ...
Esposito Katherine - - 2013
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the empirical evidence on the association of metabolic syndrome and its components with colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. A systematic literature search of multiple electronic databases was conducted and complemented by cross-referencing to identify studies published before 31 October 2012. Every included ...
Li Xiang-Zi - - 2013
Highly ordered noncrystalline boron-doped nickel nanotube arrays are rapidly synthesized within 150 s by template-based electroless deposition. The as-prepared nanotubes have tunable magnetic properties and exhibit super efficient catalytic activity (∼70 s) for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol.
Othman I - - 2013
This study compares the effect of invaginating excision of hernia sac without ligation with the traditional method of high ligation of the hernia sac on postoperative pain and recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multicenter prospective randomized study included 152 patients with 167 primary indirect inguinal hernias. In group I (54 ...
Hata Yukiko - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The human ether-à-go-go-related gene (hERG) encodes the α-subunit of a cardiac potassium channel. Various mutations of hERG, including missense mutations, have been reported to cause long QT syndrome (LQTS) and severe arrhythmic disorders such as sudden cardiac death. We identified a novel hERG frameshift mutation (hERG(ΔAT)) in the S5-pore ...
Alikhani Mehdi - - 2013
Piriformospora indica is a root-interacting mutualistic fungus capable of enhancing plant growth, increasing plant resistance to a wide variety of pathogens, and improving plant stress tolerance under extreme environmental conditions. Understanding the molecular mechanisms by which P. indica can improve plant tolerance to stresses will pave the way to identifying ...
Sethi Nitin K - - 2013
Editors' Note: Sethi discusses the disproportionate allocation of resources to neurologic diseases' treatment compared to primary prevention. Focusing on the latter would do greater good for the greatest number of people. Silberberg agrees and mentions another study that supports this view. Beran criticizes Braley et al., pointing out that in ...
Ullah Kaleem - - 2013
Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) widely exists in nature, mainly expressed at significant levels in vasculature. It plays a detrimental role in vascular diseases, particularly atherosclerosis, which occurs mainly in arteries. Herein we for the first time present SSAO expression in arterial lineage of vascular cell line, i.e., human umbilical arterial ...
Sun Yuena - - 2013
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Cryptocentrus yatsui was first determined. The genome was 16,584 bp in length and consisted of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 2 main noncoding regions (the control region and the origin of the light strand replication), the gene composition and ...
Mejía-Barradas César M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation on metabolic state and gene expression in subcutaneous adipose tissues of obese adolescents. Obese adolescents (n = 26, 10 girls and 16 boys) aged 12.4 ± 2.1 years were assigned to a 12-week regimen of n-3 ...
Lokteva Irina - - 2013
Semiconductor nanowire field-effect transistors (FETs) are interesting for fundamental studies of charge transport as well as possible applications in electronics. Here, we report low-voltage, low-hysteresis and ambipolar PbSe nanowire FETs using electrolyte-gating with ionic liquids and ion gels. We obtain balanced hole and electron mobilities at gate voltages below 1 ...
Liu Xiangsheng - - 2013
Surface engineering of nanoparticles plays an essential role in their colloidal stability, biocompatibility and interaction with biosystems. In this study, a novel multidentate zwitterionic biopolymer derivative is obtained from conjugating dithiolane lipoic acid and zwitterionic acryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine to the chitosan oligosaccharide backbone. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) modified by this polymer exhibit ...
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