Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2541
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Abdolsalehi-Najafi Emon - - 2013
Although the experience of sex guilt has been considered among a variety of ethnic groups, the area has not yet been empirically explored among Iranian American women. The present study investigated the relationship between sexual self-schema (i.e., beliefs about the sexual aspects of oneself), acculturation, and sex guilt, and it ...
Kim Jun-Hwan - - 2013
The nucleotide cofactor specificity of the DNA ligase from the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Hyperthermus butylicus (Hbu) was studied to investigate the evolutionary relationship of DNA ligases. The Hbu DNA ligase gene was expressed under control of the T7lac promoter of pTARG in Escherichia coli BL21-CodonPlus(DE3)-RIL. The expressed enzyme was purified using ...
Su Junhu - - 2013
Mysopalacinae (zokors) is a group of fossorial rodents for which the taxonomy has yet to reach consensus. Furthermore, due to their fossorial lifestyle, little is known about their ecology. Molecular data are important to elucidate such aspects. In this paper, the complete mitochondrial DNA genome of Gansu zokor (Eospalax cansus) ...
Li Kun - - 2013
The role of metabolic acidosis in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the direct effects of acid loading on the proliferation of rat glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) in vitro and the possible role of sodium-hydrogen ion exchanger isoform ...
Schick Ulrike - - 2013
Background. Substantial survival may be observed with oligometastatic prostate cancer. Combining androgen deprivation (AD) and high-dose external beam radiotherapy (RT) to isolated regional or distant lesions may be proposed for these patients and the outcome of this strategy is the purpose of the present report. Material and methods. From 2003 ...
Wang Li - - 2013
Strongly adsorbed N atoms inhibit the ammonia decomposition reaction rate. Plasma-driven catalysis can solve this problem and increase the ammonia conversion from 7.8% to 99.9%. (15)NH3 isotope tracing and optical emission spectroscopy show that gas-phase active species (NH3*, NH˙) in the plasma zone facilitate the desorption step by an Eley-Rideal ...
Zhang Huabing H Key Laboratory of Endocrinology, Ministry of Health, PekingUnion Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, - - 2013
Systematic data on discontinuation of statins in routine practice of medicine are limited. To investigate the reasons for statin discontinuation and the role of statin-related events (clinical events or symptoms believed to have been caused by statins) in routine care settings. A retrospective cohort study. Practices affiliated with Brigham and ...
Mazurek M D - - 2013
Quantum information science promises transformative impact over a range of key technologies in computing, communication, and sensing. A prominent example uses entangled photons to overcome the resolution-degrading effects of dispersion in the medical-imaging technology, optical coherence tomography. The quantum solution introduces new challenges: inherently low signal and artifacts, additional unwanted ...
Yoshida Hisao - - 2013
A palladium catalyst hybridised with a titanium dioxide photocatalyst can promote cyanomethylation of an aromatic ring by using acetonitrile, where the photocatalyst activates acetonitrile to form a cyanomethyl radical before the C-C bond formation using the palladium catalyst.
Espes Daniel - - 2013
Abstract We here report a case of diabetic ketoacidosis at onset of type 1 diabetes after a prolonged period of starvation due to anorexia nervosa. A 53-year-old female with a history of anorexia nervosa was admitted to the psychiatric clinic due to psychotic behaviour and inability to take care of ...
Blättel V - - 2013
The genus Saccharomyces comprises very closely related species. This high degree of relationship makes a simple identification and differentiation of strains difficult since these species are hardly discriminable by their morphological and physiological features. A sequence analysis of ribosomal DNA and the corresponding internal transcribed spacers can only rarely be ...
Guney Mert - - 2013
Exposure to mercury (Hg)-contaminated soils may pose a health risk to children by way of oral, dermal, and inhalatory pathways. However, risk characterization studies, including contaminant bioaccessibility with child-specific exposure parameters and scenarios, are lacking. The objectives of this study were (1) to assess children's Hg exposure using characterization and ...
Teixeira Vicente P A - - 2013
The determination of measurements of teeth facilitates various procedures in dentistry. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the total length and the area of the non-extracted upper central incisors (UCI). Periapical radiographies of 42 UCI were placed over a lighted box. The outlines of the teeth and the ...
George Melvin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The management of schizophrenia has seen significant strides over the last few decades, due to the increasing availability of a number of antipsychotics. Yet, the diminished efficacy in relation to the negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia, and the disturbing adverse reactions associated with the current antipsychotics, reflect the ...
Fukui Yuichiro - - 2013
Lactic acid bacteria confer a variety of health benefits. Here, we investigate the mechanisms by which Lactobacillus brevis KB290 (KB290) enhances cell-mediated cytotoxic activity. Female BALB/c mice aged 9 weeks were fed a diet containing KB290 (3 × 109 colony-forming units/g) or starch for 1 d. The resulting cytotoxic activity of splenocytes against ...
Liu Hai-Jing - - 2013
Mechanically resilient mats consisting of overlaid electrospun nanofibers with self-generated TiC crystallites embedded in a carbon matrix are surface-decorated with Pt nanoparticles as a novel electrocatalytic system for oxygen reduction reaction. Electrocatalytic activities (e.g., on-set potential and current density) of Pt are substantially enhanced due to high specific surface area ...
Garcia-Flores Jose - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the diagnostic conclusions between fetal neurosonography and MRI in the cases of congenital neurological abnormalities, and with postnatal clinical and imaging evaluation, when available. Methods: Retrospective study of 28 patients who underwent a fetal MRI study for suspected congenital neurological anomalies. The diagnoses obtained by neurosonography ...
Pinheiro Daniela Felipe - - 2013
Intrauterine dietary restriction may cause changes in the functioning of offspring organs and systems later in life an effect known as fetal programming. The present study evaluated mRNA abundance and immunolocalization of nutrient transporters as well as enterocytes proliferation in the proximal, median and distal segments of small intestine of ...
Johar Pramod - - 2013
Although previous studies have demonstrated neuromuscular and cardiovascular changes with slow inversion rates, emergencies, such as overturned vehicles and helicopters can occur rapidly. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in neuromuscular and cardiovascular responses with rapid (1 s) and slower (3 s) transitions from upright to inverted seated positions. ...
Chen I-Shiung - - 2013
In this study, the complete mitogenome sequence of Chinese sucker Myxocyprinus asiaticus (Cypriniformes, Catostomidae) has been amplified and sequenced by employing long polymerase chain reaction method. The mitogenome, consisting of 16,636 base pairs (bp), had the typical vertebrate mitochondrial gene arrangement, including 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, 2 ribosomal ...
Wang Changwei - - 2013
A novel conjugated side-chain polymer (PBDT-TID), based on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (BDT) and isoindigo (ID) moieties, was designed and synthesized. The new polymer exhibited excellent microphase separation in active layers. Bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells fabricated from PBDT-TID and PC61BM showed promising power conversion efficiencies of 5.25% and 6.51% using conventional and ...
Kim Yong-Won - - 2013
A 55-year-old woman collapsed with chest pain and cardiac arrest. Her pulse was restored after 6 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, but she remained comatose. Brain MRI (figure) revealed bilateral basal ganglia and right hemispheric cortical lesion, which was typical for anoxic brain injury except for the unilateral cortical involvement. Neck ...
Brandl E J - - 2013
Numerous studies have reported on pharmacogenetics of antidepressant response in depression. In contrast, little is known of response predictors in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a disorder with among the lowest proportion of responders to medication (40-60%). Our study is the largest investigation to date (N=184) of treatment response and side effects ...
Hamdy Sherine - - 2013
Drawing on two years of ethnographic fieldwork in Egypt focused on organ transplantation, this paper examines the ways in which the "scientific" criteria of determining death in terms of brain function are contested by Egyptian doctors. Whereas in North American medical practice, the death of the "person" is associated with the ...
Moyle Richard L - - 2013
Modern sugarcane cultivars are highly polyploid and aneuploid hybrids, which are propagated as clones. Their complex genome structure comprises 100-130 chromosomes and 10-13 hom(e)ologous copies of most loci. There is preliminary evidence of very high heterozygosity, with implications for genetic improvement approaches ranging from marker-assisted selection to transgenics. Here, we ...
Zhang Qing - - 2013
The cure rates are much lower for multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) patients. Delamanid (OPC-67683) has been evaluated in phase-II MDR-TB clinical trials. Herein, we reviewed MDR-TB cases in which treatment regimens, with/without delamanid, were administered. Thirty-eight patients were enrolled; 26 received delamanid-containing regimens (treatment group) while 12 received placebo-containing regimens ...
Wezgowiec Joanna - - 2013
The influence of electroporation on the Photofrin uptake and distribution was evaluated in the breast adenocarcinoma cells (MCF-7) and normal Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO) lacking voltage-dependent channels in vitro. Photofrin was used at a concentration of 5 and 25 μM. The uptake of Photofrin was assessed using flow cytometry and ...
Zhang Jibo - - 2013
Insights into the origin of the fluorescence responsive to protonation-deprotonation stimuli were provided through the study on the crystals of a new stimuli-responsive molecule BP3VA. And the transformation between microcrystals demonstrated the varying emissions of the BP3VA powder.
Mocan Naci - - 2013
Using data from NLSY97, we analyze the impact of education on health behavior. Controlling for health knowledge does not influence the impact of education on health behavior, supporting the productive efficiency hypothesis. Accounting for cognitive ability does not significantly alter the relationship between education and health behavior. Similarly, the impact ...
Varkey Jonas - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The current treatment of choice for patients with intestinal failure is parenteral nutrition, whereas medical therapy or resection is preferred for patients with neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors (NEPT) along with liver metastasis. As the survival of patients undergoing intestinal and multivisceral transplantation is improving, the discussion for expansion of ...
Jie Qing - - 2013
Filled-skutterudites are promising mid-temperature thermoelectric materials for heat-to-electricity conversion. Traditional preparation methods need a very long time annealing (7 to 14 days) to form the right skutterudite phase. Annealing is especially critical for p-type filled-skutterudites, since Fe4Sb12 needs filler atoms to enter the cage to form a stable phase. In ...
Ando Yukie - - 2013
The aims of the presents study were to define inter-individual differences in response to methotrexate (MTX) through MTX polyglutamate (PG) levels in red blood cells (RBC) and MTX-related gene polymorphisms. A total of 145 rheumatoid arthritis patients were recruited. MTX-PG1-5 concentrations in RBC were measured, and 11 single nucleotide polymorphisms, ...
Sha Huanchen - - 2013
The present study sought to understand the mechanisms of attenuation of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) by resveratrol (RES). SAP was experimentally induced in rats by injection of 4 % sodium taurocholate in the retrograde pancreatic duct. Three study groups were evaluated: Group I (sham-operated animals), Group II (SAP animals), and Group ...
Ilhan Ziya - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Brucella melitensis isolates isolated from naturally infected sheep cases in an area where human brucellosis is endemic, focusing on rifampin (RIF), streptomycin (SM), ciprofloxacin (CPFX), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMZ), gentamicin (GM) and tetracycline (TC), and on 11 other antimicrobials. ...
Elliott M S - - 2013
Background: The incidence of papillary thyroid cancer is rising, with an increase in the number of microcarcinomas being discovered. There is controversy in the literature regarding the optimal management of these tumours. This study aimed to review our institution's experience with the presentation and management of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. Methods: ...
Osborn Mark J MJ Division of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2013
Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is characterized by a functional deficit of type VII collagen protein due to gene defects in the type VII collagen gene (COL7A1). Gene augmentation therapies are promising, but run the risk of insertional mutagenesis. To abrogate this risk, we explored the possibility of using engineered ...
Brunelli Nicholas A - - 2013
We describe a hybrid mass-mobility instrument in which a continuous-flow ion mobility classifier is used as a front-end separation device for mass spectrometric analysis of ions generated with an electrospray ionization source. Using nitrogen as a carrier gas, the resolving power of the nano-radial differential mobility analyzer (nRDMA) for nanometer-sized ...
McBride Christie M CM Department of Physiology, Center for Muscle Biology, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose St. MS508, Lexington, KY 40536, - - 2013
KCNH2 encodes the Kv11.1 channel, which conducts the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K+ current (I Kr) in the heart. KCNH2 mutations cause type 2 long QT syndrome (LQT2), which increases the risk for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. LQT2 mutations are predicted to prolong the cardiac action potential (AP) by reducing I ...
Sekkal W - - 2013
Under earth surface conditions, in ocean and natural water, calcium carbonate is ubiquitous, forming anhydrous and hydrous minerals. These hydrous phases are of considerable interest for their role as precursors to stable carbonate minerals. Atomistic simulation techniques have been employed here to perform a comprehensive and quantitative study of the ...
Zhang Xi X Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2013
We discovered a method of applying a forward pulsed bias to recover the degraded quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Up to 30.7% of the power conversion efficiency (η) of a degraded poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) based DSSC was recovered by a double-pulse. The recovered η remained higher than that before the ...
Francis David O - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Extraesophageal symptoms are common manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Lack of a definitive diagnostic or treatment standards complicate management, which often leads to multiple specialty consultations, procedures, pharmaceuticals and diagnostic tests. The aim of this study was to determine the economic burden associated with extraesophageal reflux (EER).METHODS:Direct costs of ...
Kim Mi Seong - - 2013
Gap junctions (GJs) allow direct intercellular communication, and consist of connexins (Cxs). In the mammalian central nervous system, oligodendrocytes express Cx47, Cx32 and Cx29, whereas astrocytes express Cx43, Cx30 and Cx26. Homotypic Cx47/Cx47 GJs couple oligodendrocytes, and heterotypic Cx47/Cx43 channels are the primary GJs at oligodendrocyte/astrocyte junctions. Interestingly, autosomal recessive ...
Mu Wei J - - 2013
Foxl2 is a member of the winged helix/forkhead family of transcription factors and is known to regulate ovarian aromatase, which plays a crucial role in ovarian differentiation. To address the role of Foxl2 in gonads and brain during gonadal development, we isolated the full-length cDNA of Foxl2 and analyzed its ...
Díaz-Bello Z - - 2013
SUMMARY Trypanosoma cruzi I, a discrete typing unit (DTU) found in human infections in Venezuela and other countries of the northern region of South America and in Central America, has been recently classified into five intra-DTU genotypes (Ia, Ib, Ic, Id, Ie) based on sequence polymorphisms found in the spliced ...
Ha Eun Ju - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic role of core needle biopsy (CNB) in sonographically suspicious thyroid nodules with initially benign cytologic results through a histologic analysis of CNB specimens. Methods: Between October 2008 and July 2011, 88 patients underwent ultrasound (US)-guided CNB for initially benign cytologic results with suspicious US features ...
Francis Nick A - - 2013
Background: Conflicting data on the diagnostic and prognostic value of auscultation abnormalities may be partly explained by inconsistent use of terminology. Objectives: To describe general practitioners use of chest auscultation abnormality terms for patients presenting with acute cough across Europe, and to explore the influence of geographic location and case ...
Furukawa Kouji - - 2013
A 76-year-old woman with a diagnosis of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy was referred to our hospital's surgical department. Her echocardiogram revealed diffuse left ventricular hypertrophy, moderate mitral valve regurgitation with systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve, and left ventricular obstruction with a peak outflow gradient of 108 mm Hg. We performed ...
Wang Yin Y Section of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2013
Glycogen, the largest cytosolic macromolecule, is soluble because of intricate construction generating perfect hydrophilic-surfaced spheres. Little is known about neuronal glycogen function and metabolism, though progress is accruing through the neurodegenerative epilepsy Lafora disease (LD) proteins laforin and malin. Neurons in LD exhibit Lafora bodies (LBs), large accumulations of malconstructed ...
Dinas Petros C - - 2013
We assessed the acute effects of a 1-h exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) on complete blood count (CBC) markers in a controlled simulated bar/restaurant environment. Nineteen adult never-smokers completed a 1-h .exposure to SHS at bar/restaurant levels, and a 1-h exposure to normal room air. Blood samples were collected at ...
Partelli Stefano - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the optimal number of lymph nodes (LN) examined to stage pN0 tumors after surgery for ampulla of Vater carcinoma (AVC). METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively 127 patients with AVC who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (1990-2008). Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed. RESULTS: Fifty-nine ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >