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Buckert Dominik - - 2013
In the setting of acute myocardial ischemia, the hypoperfused portion of the myocardium is in danger of becoming irreversibly injured. This portion is called the area at risk (AAR). It is of clinical interest to be able to estimate the AAR for further evaluation and improvement of different revascularization strategies. ...
Elumalai Naveen Kumar - - 2013
This article demonstrates improvements in the operational stability of organic solar cells (OSCs) by taking advantage of the relationship between oxygen stoichiometry and conductivity in nanostructured metal oxide semiconductors (n-MOS). OSCs in the inverted device configuration of ITO/Ca/P3HT:PCBM/MoO3/Ag were employed in the present study. A high degree of oxygen defects ...
Varga Zoltán - - 2013
Background. Prone positioning has been found feasible and appropriate for the reduction of radiation exposure of the lungs, but its effects on the heart dose remain controversial. Individual anatomical features were sought for the selection of optimal treatment positioning. Material and methods. In 138 left-sided breast cancer cases awaiting postoperative ...
Lopes Marlene - - 2013
Yeast cells exposed to adverse conditions employ a number of defense mechanisms in order to respond effectively to the stress effects of reactive oxygen species. In this work, the cellular response of Yarrowia lipolytica and Pichia pastoris to the exposure to the ROS-inducing agents' paraquat, hydrogen peroxide, and increased air ...
Dowshen Nadia - - 2013
Youth living with HIV/AIDS (YLH) face unique challenges to optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Accurate, real-time methods to assess adherence are needed to facilitate early intervention and promote viral suppression. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and validity of interactive text message response (ITR) as ...
Piazza Ilaria - - 2013
The successful transmission of complete genomes from mother to daughter cells during cell divisions requires the structural re-organization of chromosomes into individualized and compact structures that can be segregated by mitotic spindle microtubules. Multi-subunit protein complexes named condensins play a central part in this chromosome condensation process, but the mechanisms ...
Hummer Michael - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to analyze the impact of low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW) on health care utilization in childhood and early adolescence. DATA/METHODS: Using Austrian health insurance administrative panel data linked to the Austrian birth register, we estimate the effects of ...
Wang Bin - - 2013
Rechargeable lithium or lithium-ion cells can be overcharge-protected by an electroactive polymer composite separator. The use of non-woven fibrous membranes instead of conventional microporous membranes as the composite substrates allowed better distribution of the electroactive polymer, which led to improved utilization and a 40-fold increase in sustainable current density. For ...
Zhang Xiaowei - - 2013
A self-powered 3D microfluidic electrochemiluminescence biosensing platform, integrated with a stable, environmentally-friendly and noble metal-free primary battery, was developed for the first time based on the principle of origami.
Lai Xiao-Ping - - 2013
Alcohol-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common condition in medical and forensic practice, and results in high prehospital mortality. We investigated the mechanism of chronic alcoholism-related mortality by examining the effects of alcohol on the synapses of the medulla oblongata in a rat model of TBI. Seventy adult male ...
Chen Tzu-An - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Perceived neighborhood environment (NE) is considered a determinant of daily physical activity (PA). However, evidence concerning differences among types of PA, gender, and age is limited. The study purpose was to clarify the association between NE and walking time (WT) or habitual exercise (HE) across gender, age, and employment ...
Furukawa Kouji - - 2013
A 76-year-old woman with a diagnosis of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy was referred to our hospital's surgical department. Her echocardiogram revealed diffuse left ventricular hypertrophy, moderate mitral valve regurgitation with systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve, and left ventricular obstruction with a peak outflow gradient of 108 mm Hg. We performed ...
Wang Yin - - 2013
Glycogen, the largest cytosolic macromolecule, is soluble because of intricate construction generating perfect hydrophilic-surfaced spheres. Little is known about neuronal glycogen function and metabolism, though progress is accruing through the neurodegenerative epilepsy Lafora disease (LD) proteins laforin and malin. Neurons in LD exhibit Lafora bodies (LBs), large accumulations of malconstructed ...
Dinas Petros C - - 2013
We assessed the acute effects of a 1-h exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) on complete blood count (CBC) markers in a controlled simulated bar/restaurant environment. Nineteen adult never-smokers completed a 1-h .exposure to SHS at bar/restaurant levels, and a 1-h exposure to normal room air. Blood samples were collected at ...
Partelli Stefano - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the optimal number of lymph nodes (LN) examined to stage pN0 tumors after surgery for ampulla of Vater carcinoma (AVC). METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively 127 patients with AVC who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (1990-2008). Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed. RESULTS: Fifty-nine ...
Liu Chuan - - 2013
Self-assembly of interfaces is of great interest in physical and chemical domains. One of the most challenging targets is to obtain an optimal interface structure showing good electronic properties by solution-processing. Interfaces of semiconductor/semiconductor, semiconductor/insulator and insulator/insulator have been successfully manipulated to obtain high-performance devices. In this review we discuss ...
Wong Candy H Y - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: This study evaluates which cognitive measure is best for predicting incident dementia in a population-based random sample of Chinese older adults without dementia over a five-year period. Methods: A total of 787 community-dwelling Chinese older adults without dementia in Hong Kong were assessed at baseline (T0), at two ...
Dickson Scott D - - 2013
Cephalosporins are one of the most commonly prescribed classes of antibiotics. Immediate IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions have been reported with use of a specific cephalosporin, as a cross-reaction between different cephalosporins or as a cross-reaction to other β-lactam antibiotics, namely, penicillin. Historically, frequent reports of anaphylaxis following administration of first- and ...
Villanueva-Alonzo Hernan J - - 2013
Virus-induced gene silencing is based on the sequence-specific degradation of RNA. Here, a gene silencing vector derived from EuMV-YP, named pEuMV-YP:ΔAV1, was used to silence ChlI and NPR1 genes in Nicotiana benthamiana. The silencing of the ChlI transcripts was efficient in the stems, petioles and leaves as reflected in tissue ...
Liu Yilun - - 2013
The possibility of employing a zeolite nano-membrane for seawater desalination is studied using comprehensive molecular dynamics simulations. Two types of zeolite with different wetting properties, the hydrophilic FAU and hydrophobic MFI, are used as the reverse osmosis (RO) membrane. Both can reach nearly 100% rejection of salt ions, and when ...
Khan Haseeb Ahmad - - 2013
Cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene has been recognized as an authentic tool for species identification. Besides its potential barcoding capacity, COI sequences have also been used for inferring the phylogeny. Phylogenetic relationships among genera of Columbidae (pigeons and doves family) have not been fully resolved because of scarce sampling ...
Rodríguez-Palero María Jesús - - 2013
Several indigenous Saccharomyces strains from musts were isolated in the Jerez de la Frontera region, at the end of spontaneous fermentation, in order to select the most suitable autochthonous yeast starter, during the 2007 vintage. Five strains were chosen for their oenological abilities and fermentative kinetics to elaborate a Sherry ...
Alloing Mathieu - - 2013
With atomic systems, optically programmed trapping potentials have led to remarkable progress in quantum optics and quantum information science. Programmable trapping potentials could have a similar impact on studies of semiconductor quasi-particles, particularly excitons. However, engineering such potentials inside a semiconductor heterostructure remains an outstanding challenge and optical techniques have ...
Naumova Anna K - - 2013
Chromosomal region 17q12-q21 is one of the best-replicated genome-wide association study (GWAS) hits and associated with childhood-onset asthma. However, the mechanism by which the genetic association is restricted to childhood-onset disease is unclear. During childhood, more boys than girls develop asthma. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that the 17q12-q21 genetic ...
Xie Hao - - 2013
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease of complex metabolic disorder and associated with various types of complications. UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), the major phase II conjugation enzymes, mediate the metabolism of both drugs and endogenous metabolites that may raise great concerns in the condition of diabetes. The aim of this study was ...
Stancevic O - - 2013
We have developed a mathematical model for in-host virus dynamics that includes spatial chemotaxis and diffusion across a two-dimensional surface representing the vaginal or rectal epithelium at primary HIV infection. A linear stability analysis of the steady state solutions identified conditions for Turing instability pattern formation. We have solved the ...
O'Malley Keelia - - 2013
The feasibility of working with neighborhood corner stores to increase the availability of fresh fruit and vegetables in low-income neighborhoods in New Orleans was assessed. Household interviews and 24-hour dietary recalls (n = 97), corner store customer intercept interviews (n = 60) and interviews with corner store operators (owners/managers) (n = 12) were conducted in three ...
Petruzzelli Annalisa - - 2013
A study was carried out to verify the appropriateness of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan adopted in a school catering facility. To that end, the microbiological quality of foods, the correct implementation of special diets (lactose- and gluten-free) and the nutritional value of foods were assessed. ...
Yanagita Hisami - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the use of xenon ventilation maps (Xe-images) for predicting postoperative pulmonary function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After study approval by the institutional review board, written informed consent was obtained from 30 patients with lung tumors who underwent pre- and postoperative spirometry, pulmonary perfusion SPECT and dual-energy CT (80 kV ...
Matsuura Kazuki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Studies have indicated that intracameral administration of moxifloxacin (MFLX), a fourth-generation fluoroquinolone, is safe and effective. However, administration methods vary between studies, and no definite protocol exists. A prospective study clarifying the incidence of endophthalmitis and complication rates associated with each administration method would require an extremely large sample ...
An Youn-Joo - - 2013
Current water quality standards for the protection of human health in Korea include 17 substances found in rivers and streams. Due to increasing concern over the release of hazardous chemicals into the aquatic environment, there has been a demand for additional water quality standards. Therefore, the Korean Ministry of the ...
Yu Liangzhu - - 2013
The cardiac L-type Ca(2+) channel current (I Ca,L) plays an important role in controlling both cardiac excitability and excitation-contraction coupling and is involved in the electrical remodeling during postnatal heart development and cardiac hypertrophy. However, the possible role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the electrical remodeling of postnatal and diseased hearts ...
Li Yamei - - 2013
Vanadium dioxide (VO2) is a Mott phase transition compound that can be applied as a thermochromic smart material for energy saving and comfort, and titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a well-known photocatalyst for self-cleaning coatings. In this paper, we report a VO2@TiO2 core-shell structure, in which the VO2 nanorod core exhibits ...
Damas Aurélie - - 2013
A novel class of luminescent octahedral ruthenium complexes displaying a π-bonded quinonoid ligand is described. Remarkably, the presence of this organometallic ligand affects their UV-vis properties and transforms them into panchromatic absorbers. Furthermore, it turns on room temperature NIR emissions.
Choi Bong Gill - - 2013
Hierarchical structures of hybrid materials with the controlled compositions have been shown to offer a breakthrough for energy storage and conversion. Here, we report the integrative assembly of chemically modified graphene (CMG) building blocks into hierarchical complex structures with the hybrid composition for high performance flexible pseudocapacitors. The formation mechanism ...
Lindqvist Pg - - 2013
Abstract Objective Abnormal umbilical artery blood flow has been implicated in pregnancy complications and fetal demise. Its relation to histopathological changes in the placenta and to maternal or fetal thrombophilia is less well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between umbilical artery Doppler findings, placental ...
Chang Chia-Hao - - 2013
The complete mitochondrial genome of the three-spot seahorse was sequenced using a polymerase chain reaction-based method. The total length of mitochondrial DNA is 16,535 bp and includes 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, and a control region. The mitochondrial gene order of the three-spot seahorse also ...
Martinez-Mateo Jesus - - 2013
Quantum Key Distribution is carving its place among the tools used to secure communications. While a difficult technology, it enjoys benefits that set it apart from the rest, the most prominent is its provable security based on the laws of physics. QKD requires not only the mastering of signals at ...
Filippatos Theodosios D - - 2013
Alterations in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclass distribution, as well as in the activities of HDL-associated enzymes, have been associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. HDL subclass distribution and the activities of HDL-associated enzymes remain unknown in prediabetic patients, a condition also associated with increased CVD risk. The aim of ...
Eswaran Shanti - - 2013
Despite years of advising patients to alter their dietary and supplementary fiber intake, the evidence surrounding the use of fiber for functional bowel disease is limited. This paper outlines the organization of fiber types and highlights the importance of assessing the fermentation characteristics of each fiber type when choosing a ...
Sun Jingyu - - 2013
Truncated pyramid-shaped Ni nanocrystals were epitaxially grown on SrTiO3(001) surfaces and characterised by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). These nanocrystals were shown to be catalytically active for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The narrow size distribution of the Ni nanocrystals results in a similar narrow distribution of CNT diameters.
Ishikawa-Takata Kazuko - - 2013
The present study compared the accuracy of triaxial accelerometry and the doubly labelled water (DLW) method for measuring physical activity (PA) in Japanese adolescents. A total of sixty adolescents aged 12-15 years were analysed. The total energy expenditure (TEE) was measured over 7 d by the DLW method and with an ...
Glavas-Dodov Marija - - 2013
We have previously reported the development and characterisation of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA)-functionalised chitosan-Ca-alginate (CTS-Ca-ALG) microparticles (MPs) loaded with acid-resistant particles of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). In the present work, our goal was to evaluate the potential of these carriers for efficient treatment of colon cancer by studying in vitro permeability and cell ...
Langerak T R - - 2013
PURPOSE: Automated segmentation is required for radiotherapy treatment planning, and multi-atlas methods are frequently used for this purpose. The combination of multiple intermediate results from multi-atlas segmentation into a single segmentation map can be achieved by label fusion. A method that includes expert knowledge in the label fusion phase of ...
Hourihan Kathleen L - - 2013
Recognition of own-race faces is superior to recognition of other-race faces. In the present experiments, we explored the role of top-down social information in the encoding and recognition of racially ambiguous faces. Hispanic and African American participants studied and were tested on computer-generated ambiguous-race faces (composed of 50 % Hispanic and ...
Bartoszewicz Marek - - 2013
The Bacillus cereus sensu lato group includes potentially pathogenic bacteria that are ubiquitous in the environment and, importantly, could also be present in food products. This study focuses on emetic isolates which presumably could cause acute food poisoning and emetic syndrome. Here, we evaluate the ability of psychrotolerant Bacillus weihenstephanensis ...
Balassiano Débora Helena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The heart rate (HR) achieved at the end of an exercise test (ET) is called maximal HR and is known to have clinical and epidemiological relevance. For its correct measurement, it is necessary that the ET be truly maximal. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of a history of intense ...
Kobayashi Junjiro - - 2013
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is combined with aortic stenosis (AS) in 40-50 % of patients with typical angina. Recently, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has changed the guideline for AS in patients with high comorbidity. At the same time more than 60 % of isolated CABG has been performed without cardiopulmonary bypass ...
Canpolat U─čur - - 2013
In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether serum total bilirubin was associated with the severity and morphology of coronary atherosclerotic plaques detected by computed tomography angiography (CTA). The study population consisted of 1,115 patients (55.2 % men) who underwent dual-source 64-slice CTA for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). ...
McDonald Andrew M - - 2013
Purpose. To determine if high-risk prostate cancer responds differently to hypofractionation. Material and methods. One hundred and fifty-seven men with NCCN high-risk (T3, PSA > 20, or Gleason ≥ 8) clinically localized prostate cancer treated between 1998 and 2010 met the inclusion criteria for the analysis. Eighty-two were treated with ...
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