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Chen Chien-Hua - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Biliary dilatation frequently raises concerns about the possibility of pancreatobiliary diseases. This study assessed the etiologic yield of endosonography (EUS) in this situation. METHODS: A retrospective review was completed with 163 consecutive patients who had undergone EUS for a dilated common bile duct (CBD) without definite pathology ...
Paholpak Permsak P Department of Spinal Surgery and Medical Engineering, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, - - 2013
Currently degeneration of the intervertebral disc and joint in the degenerative process of the lumbar spine has mainly attracted the attention, however, there are very few literatures focusing on the height of the spinous process. Our objective was to examine in what generation the change in spinous process height occurs ...
Daimon Etsuko - - 2013
Skin wound healing is an intricate process involving various cell types and molecules. In granulation tissue, fibroblasts proliferate and differentiate into myofibroblasts and generate mechanical tension for wound closure and contraction. Actin stress fibers formed in these cells, especially those containing α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), are the central machinery for ...
Souza Max O - - 2013
Traditional studies about disease dynamics have focused on global stability issues, due to their epidemiological importance. We study a classical SIR-SI model for arboviruses in two different directions: we begin by describing an alternative proof of previously known global stability results by using only a Lyapunov approach. In the sequel, ...
Schüttler Karl F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively investigate the development of patellofemoral osteoarthritis after the historical Insall's proximal realignment for patellar stabilisation in patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. Furthermore, risk factors for recurrent patellar dislocation and for patellofemoral osteoarthritis development were evaluated. METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent patellofemoral ...
Bojanić Katarina - - 2013
PURPOSE: Isolated cor triatriatum sinistrum (CTS) is a heart malformation in which a perforated fibromuscular membrane divides the left atrium into two chambers. When communication between these chambers is restricted, a patient may have signs and symptoms of mitral stenosis. The later stages of pregnancy are associated with tachycardia and ...
Togna Dorival Julio Della - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve repair is the surgical procedure of choice for patients with chronic Mitral Regurgitation (MR). The good early and late results allow surgical indication before symptom onset. The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) can objectively assess functional capacity, but little is known about the effect of surgery on their ...
Sanchís Josep - - 2013
A quantitative method based on ultrasound-assisted toluene extraction followed by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry for the analysis of C60 and C70 fullerenes, N-methylfulleropyrrolidine, [6, 6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester and [6, 6]-thienyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester has been developed. The method was validated using fortified blank river ...
Nava Angeles - - 2013
Intimate partner violence has negative effects on women's safety and wellbeing. When immigrant women are victimized the danger and poor health may intensify. The purpose was to determine the impact of acculturation on severity of violence, danger for murder, mental health functioning, and safety behaviors of abused immigrant women. Entry ...
Milbury Kathrin - - 2013
PURPOSE: While spouses play a vital role in the care of cancer patients, caregiving exerts a physical and psychological toll. Caregiving burden may not only compromise spouses' quality of life but also the quality of care and support they are able to provide. Consequently, spousal caregiving burden may also negatively ...
Träger Ulrike U Department of Neurodegenerative Disease, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, - - 2013
Neuroinflammation is now a well-characterised feature of neurodegenerative diseases. Immune dysfunction outside the central nervous system is also increasingly recognised as part of the diseases. Peripheral inflammation has emerged as a modulator of disease progression and neuropathology in several neurodegenerative diseases, making it targetable in new therapeutic approaches. In addition, ...
Zepeda-Romero L Consuelo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fluorescein angiography has been fundamental for the understanding and description of vascular disorders affecting the retina and choroid. The aim of this report is to assess the early anatomic retinal changes visible with angiography, and their relation with the clinical findings of retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS: Ten babies were ...
Tan Judy Y - - 2013
For gay men in the United States, race/ethnicity has been demonstrated to factor importantly into sexual preferences, and race-based beliefs regarding certain racial groups are prevalent within the gay male community. For gay men of color, such beliefs may differentially influence their sexual preferences. Yet, little is known about the ...
Kwon Hyuk Taek - - 2013
Here we report a rapid and simple microwave-assisted seeding technique for the synthesis of high-quality ZIF-8 membranes with an average propylene-propane selectivity of about 40. The new seeding method was found to be applicable to other ZIFs including ZIF-7 and SIM-1.
Reyes María - - 2013
Saharan dust intrusions make a major contribution to levels of particulate matter (PM) present in the atmosphere of large cities. We analysed the impact of different PM fractions during periods with and without Saharan dust intrusions, using time-series analysis with Poisson regression models, based on: concentrations of coarse PM (PM10 ...
Kwon Dae-Woong - - 2013
PURPOSE: The posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) techniques are commonly used surgical methods for wide indications such as degeneration or trauma. Although they are rarely required for lumbar disk disease in younger patients, there are a few children and adolescents who are indicated for ...
Ahn Jiwon - - 2013
Shikonin derivatives exert powerful cytotoxic effects, induce apoptosis and escape multidrug resistance in cancer. However, the diverse mechanisms underlying their anticancer activities are not completely understood. Here, we demonstrated that shikonin-induced apoptosis is caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated activation of Akt/ASK1/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and downregulation of p21(Cip1). ...
Seok Oh Chan - - 2013
Triplet energy tuning from 2.48 eV to 2.94 eV by just a simple change of heteroatom in the ligand structure of Be complexes was studied using azole based triplet host materials. Three Be organometallic host materials with azole type ligands were synthesized and could be used as the host materials ...
Quan Tingwei - - 2013
Drawing the map of neuronal circuits at microscopic resolution is important to explain how brain works. Recent progresses in fluorescence labeling and imaging techniques have enabled measuring the whole brain of a rodent like a mouse at submicron-resolution. Considering the huge volume of such datasets, automatic tracing and reconstruct the ...
Kenny Nathan J - - 2013
The C termini of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor NR2 subunits are thought to play a major role in the molecular establishment of memory across the Bilateria, via the phenomenon known as long-term potentiation (LTP). Despite their long history of use as models in the study of memory, the expression and structure ...
Meijer Hil G E - - 2013
At one level of abstraction neural tissue can be regarded as a medium for turning local synaptic activity into output signals that propagate over large distances via axons to generate further synaptic activity that can cause reverberant activity in networks that possess a mixture of excitatory and inhibitory connections. This ...
Kabat Geoffrey C - - 2013
Studies of the relationship between anthropometric indices of obesity and colorectal cancer risk in women have shown only weak and inconsistent associations. Given the limitations of such indices, we used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived measures of body fat obtained in the Women's Health Initiative to examine the association between body ...
Brandt Debra S DS The University of Iowa, Institute for Clinical and Translational Science, Iowa City, IA, - - 2013
Next generation sequencing offers benefit of improved health through knowledge, but comes with challenges, such as inevitable incidental findings (IFs). The applicability of recommended criteria for disclosure of individual results when applied to disclosure of IFs is not well known. The purpose of this study was to examine how medical ...
Zhang Jing - - 2013
Bioaugmentation with degrading bacteria is an effective method to improve the treatment of refractory industrial wastewater; nevertheless there were controversial opinions about the fate of inoculated bacteria and microbial community dynamics. In this study, two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors filled with modified zeolite were used to treat a coking wastewater ...
Zhang Shenyan - - 2013
The members of human aldo-keto Reductase(AKR)superfamily are reported involvement of cancer in many cases, whereas the final conclusion is not generally accepted. Herein, we proposed a quantitative method to measure human AKR proteins in cells using mTRAQ-based multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The AKR peptides with multiple transitions were carefully evaluated ...
Na Hyejin - - 2013
We report the systematic control of the morphology of β-NaYF4:Yb,Er/Tm upconversion nanophosphors (UCNPs) from large spheres (37.9 nm) to rods (length = 60.1 nm, width = 21.5 nm) and from rods to hexagonal prisms (length = 48.8 nm, width = 44.0 nm) or small spheres (14.0 nm) by the use ...
Boiteau Rene - - 2013
Organic ligands dominate the speciation of iron in the ocean. Little is known, however, about the chemical composition and distribution of these compounds. Here we describe a method to detect low concentrations of organic Fe ligands using reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) tandem multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry ...
Mozaffarian Dariush - - 2013
Long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFAs), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (20:5ω-3), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) (22:5ω-3), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (22:6ω-3), have been shown to reduce cardiovascular risk, but effects on cause-specific and total mortality and potential dose-responses remain controversial. Most observational studies have assessed self-reported dietary intake and most randomized ...
Park Hyesung - - 2013
The high transparency of graphene, together with its good electrical conductivity and mechanical robustness, enable its use as transparent electrodes in optoelectronic devices such as solar cells. While initial demonstrations of graphene-based organic photovoltaics (OPV) have been promising, realization of scalable technologies remains challenging due to their performance and, critically, ...
Suga Yusuke - - 2013
Molecularly imprinted polymers were prepared using a protein-conjugated disulfide cleavable monomer. After removing the protein by disulfide reduction, a thiol-reactive fluorophore was introduced into the thiol residue located only inside the imprinted cavity, resulting in specific transduction of the binding events into fluorescence spectral change.
Zakharova Alexandra N - - 2013
Synthesis of the fully unprotected hexasaccharide backbone of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan I is described. The strategy relies on iterative coupling of a common pentenyl disaccharide glycosyl donor followed by a late-stage oxidation of the C-6 positions of the galactose residues. The disaccharide donor is prepared by an efficient chemoselective ...
Lan Chunhui - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In China, great efforts are dedicated to reducing discomfort and minimizing undesirable complications for patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy. METHODS: This study was conducted to compare the diagnostic accuracy, safety, complications, and patient and examiner satisfaction for different sedation approaches. We carried out a prospective and randomized study ...
Toriola Adetunji T - - 2013
While debate continues regarding short-term changes in breast cancer incidence and the impact of screening on mortality, a long-term view of trends in incidence and mortality may better inform our understanding of the changing patterns of disease and ultimately guide in population-based prevention. Although many factors have influenced breast cancer ...
Kuji Shiho - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the feasibility of primary treatment with extended-field irradiation and weekly cisplatin (extended-field concurrent chemoradiotherapy, EFCCRT) as initial therapy in patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics IB1 to IIIB cervical cancer with paraaortic or high common iliac lymph node ...
Shaw Michele R - - 2013
Objectives. Asthma is one of the most common chronic conditions among children and is one of the leading causes for pediatric hospitalizations. More evidence is needed to clarify the risks of repeat hospitalization and the underlying factors contributing to adverse health outcomes among pediatric patients hospitalized with asthma. The purpose ...
Li Weiwei - - 2013
We demonstrate tandem and triple junction polymer solar cells with power conversion efficiencies of 8.9% and 9.6% that use a newly designed, high molecular weight, small band gap semiconducting polymer and a matching wide band gap polymer.
Engelberg Klemens - - 2013
Red blood cell invasion by the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum relies on a complex protein network that uses low and high affinity receptor-ligand interactions. Signal transduction through the action of specific kinases is a control mechanism for the orchestration of this process. Here we report on the phosphorylation of the ...
Cannas Antonino A Centro per i Disordini del Movimento, Dipartimento di Scienze Cardiovascolari e Neurologiche, Sezione Neurologia, Policlinico Universitario, Università di Cagliari, SS 554 Bivio Sestu, 09042 Monserrato, Cagliari, Italy. - - 2013
Based on our previous finding of the p.A382T founder mutation in ALS patients with concomitant parkinsonism in the Sardinian population, we hypothesized that the same variant may underlie Parkinson's disease (PD) and/or other forms of degenerative parkinsonism on this Mediterranean island. We screened a cohort of 611 patients with PD ...
Goetze Jens Peter - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The gastrin and the gastrin/CCK-B receptor genes are co-expressed in several carcinomas. The primary translational product, progastrin, however, is processed to several peptides of which only those that are α-amidated at their C-terminus are receptor ligands. So far, characterization of the progastrin-derived peptides in gastric cancer has not ...
Concepción Patricia - - 2013
Pt impregnated on a Sn-beta catalyst results in a very promising catalyst for the selective hydrogenation of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes, compared to the PtSn co-impregnated beta catalysts. Framework tin ions in the Sn-beta sample stabilize the nucleation of platinum nanoparticles inside the zeolite channel. These Pt(0)-Sn(4+) sites, which are only observed ...
Mongabadi Somayeh - - 2013
In the current study we investigated the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) at different frequencies on chemical kindling in rats. Chemical kindling was induced by injection of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ; 45 mg/kg) at the intervals of 48 h between the injections. In the first experiment, effect of 0.25, 1 and 5 Hz ...
Huang Haidong - - 2013
Several strains of the genus Sphingomonas produce sphingans, extracellular polysaccharides used as thickeners, emulsifiers and gelling agents. The pgmG gene from Sphingomonas sanxanigenens, which encodes a bifunctional protein with phosphoglucomutase and phosphomannomutase activities, was cloned and sequenced. The predicted amino acid sequence of the PgmG protein possessed 460 amino acids ...
Yuan Lin - - 2013
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are able to home and migrate into damaged tissues and are thus considered an optimal therapeutic strategy for clinical use. We previously demonstrated that higher shear stress (>2 Pa) hindered human MSC (hMSC) migration, whereas lower shear stress (0.2 Pa) induced cell migration through mitogen-activated protein ...
Satoh Ryo - - 2013
Edman degradation is a well-known method for obtaining amino acid (AA) sequences from a peptide by means of sequential reactions that release the N-terminal AAs from the peptide as a phenylthiohydantoin (PTH) derivative. Because of unexpected loss during the reaction and handling, there are few reports of use of this ...
Mariotti Marco - - 2013
Italy represented a crucial zone for migration and formation of sheep breeds. However, few data on Italian breeds have been published so far. We analysed seven Italian sheep breeds using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequencing to gain information on their genetic diversity and history. A 721 bp mtDNA control region fragment was ...
Rossato Luciana Grazziotin - - 2013
Mitoxantrone (MTX) is an antitumor agent that causes cardiotoxicity in 18 % patients. The metabolic profile of MTX was assessed after incubation of 100 μM MTX with hepatic S9 fraction isolated from rats. The presence of MTX and its metabolites was also assessed in vivo through the analysis of liver and heart ...
Stadler Adrian-Mihail - - 2013
Reaction of 4,6-dihydrazinopyrimidines with 2,6-dicarbonylpyridines produces, under metal-free or template conditions, a new class of [3 + 3] macrocycles with 15 Nsp(2) donor atoms. Nine Nsp(2) atoms are on the external circumference of the macrocycle. The macrocycle can bind metal ions and produce trinuclear complexes along with the motion of ...
Lee Ziho - - 2013
Purpose: To describe our initial experience with robot-assisted ureteroureterostomy (RUU) at the proximal, middle, and distal ureter. Materials and methods: Twelve consecutive patients underwent RUU by a single surgeon (DDE) between July 2009 and November 2012. Indications included three iatrogenic injuries, two impacted stones, two ureterovaginal fistulas, two idiopathic ureteral ...
Bachmann R - - 2013
In solid organ transplantation, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is considered to be the most important viral pathogen. We report a case of a CMV R-/D+ small intestine transplant recipient with a primary CMV infection on valganciclovir prophylaxis. Sequencing of the HCMV DNA for drug resistance-associated mutations revealed the UL97 mutation N510S. This ...
Vrachnis N - - 2013
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether resistin is present in second trimester amniotic fluid from trisomy 21 (also known as Down's syndrome) pregnancies and whether its concentration differs compared with euploid pregnancies. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of fifty-eight women in the mid-trimester of pregnancy ...
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