Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2532
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Yoshida Hisao - - 2013
A palladium catalyst hybridised with a titanium dioxide photocatalyst can promote cyanomethylation of an aromatic ring by using acetonitrile, where the photocatalyst activates acetonitrile to form a cyanomethyl radical before the C-C bond formation using the palladium catalyst.
Espes Daniel - - 2013
Abstract We here report a case of diabetic ketoacidosis at onset of type 1 diabetes after a prolonged period of starvation due to anorexia nervosa. A 53-year-old female with a history of anorexia nervosa was admitted to the psychiatric clinic due to psychotic behaviour and inability to take care of ...
Blättel V - - 2013
The genus Saccharomyces comprises very closely related species. This high degree of relationship makes a simple identification and differentiation of strains difficult since these species are hardly discriminable by their morphological and physiological features. A sequence analysis of ribosomal DNA and the corresponding internal transcribed spacers can only rarely be ...
Guney Mert - - 2013
Exposure to mercury (Hg)-contaminated soils may pose a health risk to children by way of oral, dermal, and inhalatory pathways. However, risk characterization studies, including contaminant bioaccessibility with child-specific exposure parameters and scenarios, are lacking. The objectives of this study were (1) to assess children's Hg exposure using characterization and ...
Teixeira Vicente P A - - 2013
The determination of measurements of teeth facilitates various procedures in dentistry. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the total length and the area of the non-extracted upper central incisors (UCI). Periapical radiographies of 42 UCI were placed over a lighted box. The outlines of the teeth and the ...
George Melvin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The management of schizophrenia has seen significant strides over the last few decades, due to the increasing availability of a number of antipsychotics. Yet, the diminished efficacy in relation to the negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia, and the disturbing adverse reactions associated with the current antipsychotics, reflect the ...
Mastronikolis Nicholas S - - 2013
Fourteen dysphonic patients who had previously undergone total or extended cordectomy underwent medialization thyroplasty. A minimum delay of 6 months was respected to allow the spontaneous "neocord" formation, to evaluate the voice recovery achieved by speech therapy alone and to avoid an undiagnosed early recurrence. Surgery was performed under general anaesthesia, ...
Chen Chien-Hua - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Biliary dilatation frequently raises concerns about the possibility of pancreatobiliary diseases. This study assessed the etiologic yield of endosonography (EUS) in this situation. METHODS: A retrospective review was completed with 163 consecutive patients who had undergone EUS for a dilated common bile duct (CBD) without definite pathology ...
Paholpak Permsak - - 2013
PURPOSE: Currently degeneration of the intervertebral disc and joint in the degenerative process of the lumbar spine has mainly attracted the attention, however, there are very few literatures focusing on the height of the spinous process. Our objective was to examine in what generation the change in spinous process height ...
Daimon Etsuko - - 2013
Skin wound healing is an intricate process involving various cell types and molecules. In granulation tissue, fibroblasts proliferate and differentiate into myofibroblasts and generate mechanical tension for wound closure and contraction. Actin stress fibers formed in these cells, especially those containing α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), are the central machinery for ...
Souza Max O - - 2013
Traditional studies about disease dynamics have focused on global stability issues, due to their epidemiological importance. We study a classical SIR-SI model for arboviruses in two different directions: we begin by describing an alternative proof of previously known global stability results by using only a Lyapunov approach. In the sequel, ...
Schüttler Karl F - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively investigate the development of patellofemoral osteoarthritis after the historical Insall's proximal realignment for patellar stabilisation in patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. Furthermore, risk factors for recurrent patellar dislocation and for patellofemoral osteoarthritis development were evaluated. METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent patellofemoral ...
Bojanić Katarina - - 2013
PURPOSE: Isolated cor triatriatum sinistrum (CTS) is a heart malformation in which a perforated fibromuscular membrane divides the left atrium into two chambers. When communication between these chambers is restricted, a patient may have signs and symptoms of mitral stenosis. The later stages of pregnancy are associated with tachycardia and ...
Togna Dorival Julio Della - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve repair is the surgical procedure of choice for patients with chronic Mitral Regurgitation (MR). The good early and late results allow surgical indication before symptom onset. The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) can objectively assess functional capacity, but little is known about the effect of surgery on their ...
Allegri Ricardo Francisco - - 2013
The field of neurology in South America began to emerge toward the end of the 19th century, following the origin of the specialty in Europe. There was a consistent and longstanding admiration for European training, which led to the birth of the discipline in South America. The first steps took ...
Pavlin Matic - - 2013
Density functional theory calculations were employed to investigate the nature of chemical bond formation between the flavin co-factor of the enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO) and its irreversible acetylenic inhibitor clorgyline in its terminally deprotonated anionic form. Since MAOs regulate the level of neurotransmitters in living cells, this reaction is pharmacologically ...
Chey William D - - 2013
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are characterized by the presence of chronic or recurrent symptoms that are felt to originate from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which cannot be attributed to an identifiable structural or biochemical cause. Food is associated with symptom onset or exacerbation in a significant proportion of FGID patients. ...
Zhou Na - - 2013
A facile method was used to prepare uniform Au NR/TiO2 and Au/Ag NR/TiO2 core-shell composite nanoparticles. Au/Ag NR/TiO2 nanoparticles were found to display significantly enhanced visible light photo-catalytic activity compared to Au NR/TiO2 and the commercially available TiO2 nanoparticles. The enhancement mechanism was ascribed to injection of hot electrons of ...
Abreu C - - 2013
PURPOSE AND METHODS: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is an uncommon condition related to serious clinical conditions, such as surgery, trauma, burn injuries and sepsis. The diagnosis of AAC remains challenging to make, since it generally occurs as a secondary event in acutely ill patients with another disease. Imaging evaluation is ...
Zhaoyang Ruixue - - 2013
Although it is widely believed that body satisfaction positively affects sexual experience, research on this topic has been limited by an almost exclusive focus on women and on individuals and by an overreliance on cross-sectional self-report data. To address these shortcomings, the current study used 1,598 daily sex reports completed ...
Nowobilski Roman - - 2013
Objective. The evidence base for or against physiotherapy interventions in adults with asthma remains ambiguous, and there are discrepancies between different clinical practice guidelines. We evaluated the level of agreement between the recommendations about physiotherapy for adults with asthma in two major clinical practice guidelines: the Global Initiative for Asthma ...
Mocan Naci - - 2013
Using data from NLSY97, we analyze the impact of education on health behavior. Controlling for health knowledge does not influence the impact of education on health behavior, supporting the productive efficiency hypothesis. Accounting for cognitive ability does not significantly alter the relationship between education and health behavior. Similarly, the impact ...
Varkey Jonas - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The current treatment of choice for patients with intestinal failure is parenteral nutrition, whereas medical therapy or resection is preferred for patients with neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors (NEPT) along with liver metastasis. As the survival of patients undergoing intestinal and multivisceral transplantation is improving, the discussion for expansion of ...
Jie Qing - - 2013
Filled-skutterudites are promising mid-temperature thermoelectric materials for heat-to-electricity conversion. Traditional preparation methods need a very long time annealing (7 to 14 days) to form the right skutterudite phase. Annealing is especially critical for p-type filled-skutterudites, since Fe4Sb12 needs filler atoms to enter the cage to form a stable phase. In ...
Ando Yukie - - 2013
The aims of the presents study were to define inter-individual differences in response to methotrexate (MTX) through MTX polyglutamate (PG) levels in red blood cells (RBC) and MTX-related gene polymorphisms. A total of 145 rheumatoid arthritis patients were recruited. MTX-PG1-5 concentrations in RBC were measured, and 11 single nucleotide polymorphisms, ...
Perales-Alcacio J L A - - 2013
Novel biodegradable segmented polyurethanes (SPUs) were synthesized with polycaprolactone diol, 4,4'-methylen bis (cyclohexyl isocyanate) (HMDI), and either L-glutathione or its constituent amino acids (L-glutamic acid, L-cysteine and glycine) as chain extenders. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis revealed the feasibility of obtaining polyurethanes through the presence of NH (Amide II), C-N, ...
Sha Huanchen - - 2013
The present study sought to understand the mechanisms of attenuation of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) by resveratrol (RES). SAP was experimentally induced in rats by injection of 4 % sodium taurocholate in the retrograde pancreatic duct. Three study groups were evaluated: Group I (sham-operated animals), Group II (SAP animals), and Group ...
Ilhan Ziya - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Brucella melitensis isolates isolated from naturally infected sheep cases in an area where human brucellosis is endemic, focusing on rifampin (RIF), streptomycin (SM), ciprofloxacin (CPFX), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMZ), gentamicin (GM) and tetracycline (TC), and on 11 other antimicrobials. ...
Elliott M S - - 2013
Background: The incidence of papillary thyroid cancer is rising, with an increase in the number of microcarcinomas being discovered. There is controversy in the literature regarding the optimal management of these tumours. This study aimed to review our institution's experience with the presentation and management of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. Methods: ...
Brunelli Nicholas A - - 2013
We describe a hybrid mass-mobility instrument in which a continuous-flow ion mobility classifier is used as a front-end separation device for mass spectrometric analysis of ions generated with an electrospray ionization source. Using nitrogen as a carrier gas, the resolving power of the nano-radial differential mobility analyzer (nRDMA) for nanometer-sized ...
McBride Christie M - - 2013
KCNH2 encodes the Kv11.1 channel, which conducts the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K(+) current (I Kr) in the heart. KCNH2 mutations cause type 2 long QT syndrome (LQT2), which increases the risk for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. LQT2 mutations are predicted to prolong the cardiac action potential (AP) by reducing I ...
Li Kun - - 2013
The role of metabolic acidosis in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the direct effects of acid loading on the proliferation of rat glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) in vitro and the possible role of sodium-hydrogen ion exchanger isoform ...
Schick Ulrike - - 2013
Background. Substantial survival may be observed with oligometastatic prostate cancer. Combining androgen deprivation (AD) and high-dose external beam radiotherapy (RT) to isolated regional or distant lesions may be proposed for these patients and the outcome of this strategy is the purpose of the present report. Material and methods. From 2003 ...
Wang Li - - 2013
Strongly adsorbed N atoms inhibit the ammonia decomposition reaction rate. Plasma-driven catalysis can solve this problem and increase the ammonia conversion from 7.8% to 99.9%. (15)NH3 isotope tracing and optical emission spectroscopy show that gas-phase active species (NH3*, NH˙) in the plasma zone facilitate the desorption step by an Eley-Rideal ...
Mendoza Wilson G - - 2013
We evaluated the use of excitation and emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence and parallel factorial analysis (PARAFAC) modeling techniques for monitoring crude oil components in the water column. Four of the seven derived PARAFAC loadings were associated with the Macondo crude oil components. The other three components were associated with the ...
Park Hyesung - - 2013
The high transparency of graphene, together with its good electrical conductivity and mechanical robustness, enable its use as transparent electrodes in optoelectronic devices such as solar cells. While initial demonstrations of graphene-based organic photovoltaics (OPV) have been promising, realization of scalable technologies remains challenging due to their performance and, critically, ...
Suga Yusuke - - 2013
Molecularly imprinted polymers were prepared using a protein-conjugated disulfide cleavable monomer. After removing the protein by disulfide reduction, a thiol-reactive fluorophore was introduced into the thiol residue located only inside the imprinted cavity, resulting in specific transduction of the binding events into fluorescence spectral change.
Zakharova Alexandra N - - 2013
Synthesis of the fully unprotected hexasaccharide backbone of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan I is described. The strategy relies on iterative coupling of a common pentenyl disaccharide glycosyl donor followed by a late-stage oxidation of the C-6 positions of the galactose residues. The disaccharide donor is prepared by an efficient chemoselective ...
Lan Chunhui - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In China, great efforts are dedicated to reducing discomfort and minimizing undesirable complications for patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy. METHODS: This study was conducted to compare the diagnostic accuracy, safety, complications, and patient and examiner satisfaction for different sedation approaches. We carried out a prospective and randomized study ...
Toriola Adetunji T - - 2013
While debate continues regarding short-term changes in breast cancer incidence and the impact of screening on mortality, a long-term view of trends in incidence and mortality may better inform our understanding of the changing patterns of disease and ultimately guide in population-based prevention. Although many factors have influenced breast cancer ...
Kuji Shiho - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the feasibility of primary treatment with extended-field irradiation and weekly cisplatin (extended-field concurrent chemoradiotherapy, EFCCRT) as initial therapy in patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics IB1 to IIIB cervical cancer with paraaortic or high common iliac lymph node ...
Shaw Michele R - - 2013
Objectives. Asthma is one of the most common chronic conditions among children and is one of the leading causes for pediatric hospitalizations. More evidence is needed to clarify the risks of repeat hospitalization and the underlying factors contributing to adverse health outcomes among pediatric patients hospitalized with asthma. The purpose ...
Li Weiwei - - 2013
We demonstrate tandem and triple junction polymer solar cells with power conversion efficiencies of 8.9% and 9.6% that use a newly designed, high molecular weight, small band gap semiconducting polymer and a matching wide band gap polymer.
Cannas Antonino - - 2013
Based on our previous finding of the p.A382T founder mutation in ALS patients with concomitant parkinsonism in the Sardinian population, we hypothesized that the same variant may underlie Parkinson's disease (PD) and/or other forms of degenerative parkinsonism on this Mediterranean island. We screened a cohort of 611 patients with PD ...
Czarnecki Andrew - - 2013
Assessment of chest pain is one of the most common reasons for emergency department visits in developed countries. Although guidelines recommend primary care physician (PCP) follow-up for patients who are subsequently discharged, little is known about the relationship between physician follow-up and clinical outcomes. An observational study was conducted on ...
An Gi Hong - - 2013
Miscanthus is referred to as an ideal lignocellulosic bioenergy crop, which can be used to generate heat, power, and fuel, as well as to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. The new Miscanthus sacchariflorus genotype named Geodae-Uksae 1 was recently collected from damp land in southern Korea. This study investigated the growth ...
Scala S - - 2013
Aims. Heterogeneity of schizophrenia is known to be reflected in neuropsychological functioning of patients, but its expression in relatives is understudied. This study aims at exploring relationship between executive functioning and clinical profiles of first-degree relatives of patients who are classified as having or not having the deficit subtype of ...
Lue Yi-Jing - - 2013
Purpose Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common diagnosis occurring in the workplace when people experience hand or wrist symptoms and difficulty performing activities. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) used to evaluate patients with CTS. Methods ...
Chan Stephen L - - 2013
PURPOSE: RAD001 targets at the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), while TKI-258 is a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting at fibroblast growth factor receptor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor and c-kit. We aim to study the activity of combined RAD001 and TKI-258 in cell lines and ...
Dong Chun-Juan - - 2013
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), the first enzyme in the phenylpropanoid pathway, plays a critical role in plant growth, development, and adaptation. PAL enzymes are encoded by a gene family in plants. Here, we report a genome-wide search for PAL genes in watermelon. A total of 12 PAL genes, designated ClPAL1-12, are ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >