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Nagai Kouhei - - 2013
Proteomic profiles of the lamina of Ecklonia kurome Okamura, one of the Japanese dominant laminarialean kelps, were investigated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and MALDI-TOF/TOF. Due to the absence of E. kurome DNA or protein databases, homology-based cross-species protein identification was performed using a combination of three database-searching algorithms, Mascot peptide ...
Pickles A - - 2013
A 20 item observational measure of social functioning, the Impression of Interviewee rating scale, is one of three measures devised to assess the broader autism phenotype. The sample studied included families containing at least two individuals with autism spectrum disorder; observations were undertaken by the researcher who interviewed the subject. ...
Hisabe Takashi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In Japan, Crohn's disease (CD) is diagnosed according to a single, well-established set of diagnostic criteria. However, no nationwide attempt has been made to determine which specific criteria within these diagnostic criteria are used to make diagnoses. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted of patients given a definitive or ...
van Baarsen Kirsten - - 2013
A 55-year-old female is presented with transient cerebellar mutism caused by a well-circumscribed left pontine infarction due to postoperative basilar perforator occlusion. Although conventional T2 imaging shows a well-demarcated lesion confined to the pontine region, diffusion tensor imaging shows an asymmetry in fractional anisotropy in the superior cerebellar peduncle. This ...
Egglestone Corin - - 2013
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests can be purchased over the internet. Some companies claim to provide relative genetic risks for various diseases and thus encourage healthy behaviour. There are concerns that exposure to such information may actually discourage healthy behaviour or increase health anxiety. An online survey was conducted (n = 275). Respondents ...
Inoue Takahiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the pathological features of prostatectomy specimens from patients with low-risk prostate cancer eligible for active surveillance (AS) and evaluate preoperative data suitable for predicting upstaged (≥pT3) or upgraded disease (Gleason score of ≥7), defined as 'reclassification'. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of ...
Anderson-Schmidt Heike - - 2013
The German Association for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (DGPPN) has committed itself to establish a prospective national cohort of patients with major psychiatric disorders, the so-called DGPPN-Cohort. This project will enable the scientific exploitation of high-quality data and biomaterial from psychiatric patients for research. It will be set up using harmonised ...
Tanskanen Tomas - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Early-onset colorectal cancer (CRC), defined here as age of onset less than 40 years, develops frequently in genetically predisposed individuals. Next-generation sequencing is an increasingly available option in the diagnostic workup of suspected hereditary susceptibility, but little is known about the practical feasibility and additional diagnostic yield of ...
Nielsen Lisbeth Munksgaard - - 2013
In biology the interplay between multiple light-absorbers gives rise to complex quantum effects such as superposition states that are of extreme importance for life, both for harvesting solar energy and likely protecting nucleic acids from radiation damage. Still the characteristics of these states and their quantum dynamics are a much ...
Diatchenko Luda L Regional Center for Neurosensory Disorders, Koury Oral Health Sciences Building, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7455, USA. - - 2013
Musculoskeletal pain conditions, such as fibromyalgia and low back pain, tend to coexist in affected individuals and are characterized by a report of pain greater than expected based on the results of a standard physical evaluation. The pathophysiology of these conditions is largely unknown, we lack biological markers for accurate ...
Busnelli Andrea - - 2013
Background: Levothyroxine has been shown to enhance pregnancy outcomes in women with hypothyroidism requiring In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). However, the precise magnitude of these benefits remains to be determined. In particular, it has yet to be clarified whether levothyroxine may fully overcome the detrimental effects of hypothyroidism or, conversely, whether ...
Ohara Junichiro - - 2013
Thraustochytrids, unicellular eukaryotic marine protists, accumulate polyunsaturated fatty acids. Here, we report the molecular cloning and functional characterization of two fatty acid elongase genes (designated tselo1 and tselo2), which could be involved in the desaturase/elongase (standard) pathway in Thraustochytrium sp. ATCC 26185. TsELO1, the product of tselo1 and classified into ...
Tskhay Konstantin O - - 2013
In intercourse between men, one of the partners typically assumes the role of an insertive partner (top) while the other assumes a receptive role (bottom). Although some research suggests that the perceptions of potential partners' sexual roles in gay men's relationships can affect whether a man will adopt the role ...
Kobayashi Soh - - 2013
Rapid urbanization is one of the major pressures on amphibian species. Elucidating changes in genetic structure will be useful in evaluating the effects of urbanization on amphibian populations. Our study focused on Rana japonica, which is common in complex agricultural landscapes known as satoyama, which are also under intense development ...
Oraka Emeka - - 2013
Objectives: Racial/ethnic disparities in current asthma prevalence and medical care are a major public health concern. We examined the differences in asthma prevalence and morbidity among major racial/ethnic populations in the U.S. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2001-2010 National Health Interview Survey for adults (≥18 years) and children and ...
Alloing Mathieu - - 2013
With atomic systems, optically programmed trapping potentials have led to remarkable progress in quantum optics and quantum information science. Programmable trapping potentials could have a similar impact on studies of semiconductor quasi-particles, particularly excitons. However, engineering such potentials inside a semiconductor heterostructure remains an outstanding challenge and optical techniques have ...
Naumova Anna K - - 2013
Chromosomal region 17q12-q21 is one of the best-replicated genome-wide association study (GWAS) hits and associated with childhood-onset asthma. However, the mechanism by which the genetic association is restricted to childhood-onset disease is unclear. During childhood, more boys than girls develop asthma. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that the 17q12-q21 genetic ...
Xie Hao - - 2013
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease of complex metabolic disorder and associated with various types of complications. UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), the major phase II conjugation enzymes, mediate the metabolism of both drugs and endogenous metabolites that may raise great concerns in the condition of diabetes. The aim of this study was ...
Stancevic O - - 2013
We have developed a mathematical model for in-host virus dynamics that includes spatial chemotaxis and diffusion across a two-dimensional surface representing the vaginal or rectal epithelium at primary HIV infection. A linear stability analysis of the steady state solutions identified conditions for Turing instability pattern formation. We have solved the ...
Allegri Ricardo Francisco - - 2013
The field of neurology in South America began to emerge toward the end of the 19th century, following the origin of the specialty in Europe. There was a consistent and longstanding admiration for European training, which led to the birth of the discipline in South America. The first steps took ...
Pavlin Matic - - 2013
Density functional theory calculations were employed to investigate the nature of chemical bond formation between the flavin co-factor of the enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO) and its irreversible acetylenic inhibitor clorgyline in its terminally deprotonated anionic form. Since MAOs regulate the level of neurotransmitters in living cells, this reaction is pharmacologically ...
Chey William D - - 2013
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are characterized by the presence of chronic or recurrent symptoms that are felt to originate from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which cannot be attributed to an identifiable structural or biochemical cause. Food is associated with symptom onset or exacerbation in a significant proportion of FGID patients. ...
Zhou Na - - 2013
A facile method was used to prepare uniform Au NR/TiO2 and Au/Ag NR/TiO2 core-shell composite nanoparticles. Au/Ag NR/TiO2 nanoparticles were found to display significantly enhanced visible light photo-catalytic activity compared to Au NR/TiO2 and the commercially available TiO2 nanoparticles. The enhancement mechanism was ascribed to injection of hot electrons of ...
Abreu C - - 2013
PURPOSE AND METHODS: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is an uncommon condition related to serious clinical conditions, such as surgery, trauma, burn injuries and sepsis. The diagnosis of AAC remains challenging to make, since it generally occurs as a secondary event in acutely ill patients with another disease. Imaging evaluation is ...
Liu Tracy W - - 2013
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men and the second cause of male cancer-related deaths. There are currently three critical needs in prostate cancer imaging to personalize cancer treatment: 1. accurate intraprostatic imaging for multiple foci and extra-capsular extent; 2. monitoring local and systemic treatment response and predicting ...
Zhaoyang Ruixue - - 2013
Although it is widely believed that body satisfaction positively affects sexual experience, research on this topic has been limited by an almost exclusive focus on women and on individuals and by an overreliance on cross-sectional self-report data. To address these shortcomings, the current study used 1,598 daily sex reports completed ...
Nowobilski Roman - - 2013
Objective. The evidence base for or against physiotherapy interventions in adults with asthma remains ambiguous, and there are discrepancies between different clinical practice guidelines. We evaluated the level of agreement between the recommendations about physiotherapy for adults with asthma in two major clinical practice guidelines: the Global Initiative for Asthma ...
Min Lim Hui - - 2013
Chemical welding of oppositely charged dissimilar metal chalcogenide nanomaterials is reported to produce a quaternary metal chalcogenide. CuSe and In2S3 nanoparticles were synthesized with opposite surface charges by stabilizing with polyacrylic acid and polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride. Upon mixing these nanoparticles at room temperature, the electrostatic attraction induced coalescence of these nanoparticles ...
Broeders Mark - - 2013
Cognitive change is frequently observed in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the exact profile and extent of cognitive impairments remain unclear due to the clinical heterogeneity of PD and methodological issues in many previous studies. In this study, we aimed to examine the severity, frequency, and profile of cognitive ...
Lenis Cordoba Natalia - - 2013
Abstract Aim To compare the rate of pregnancy loss between twin pregnancies undergoing a genetic amniocentesis (AC) and a control group with similar characteristics. Methods Prospective observational study on a population of twin pregnancies referred to our prenatal diagnosis unit for screening from 1990 to 2010. Those women referred for ...
Doyle Carol - - 2013
Background: The logistical necessity of students taking required clinical clerkship rotations in non-uniform sequences may have significant consequences on performance. Aims: To investigate (1) the impact of previous clinical clerkship experience and the national licensing examination (USMLE Step 1) rankings on end-of-clerkship overall skills assessments and (2) the effect of ...
Dubljanin-Raspopović Emilija E Clinic for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Clinical Center Serbia, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Pasterova 2, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2013
Hip fractures in the elderly are followed by considerable risk of functional decline and mortality. The purposes of this study were to (1) explore predictive factors of functional level at discharge, (2) evaluate 1-year mortality after hip fracture compared with that of the general population, and (3) evaluate the affect ...
Sethi Nitin K - - 2013
Editors' Note: Sethi discusses the disproportionate allocation of resources to neurologic diseases' treatment compared to primary prevention. Focusing on the latter would do greater good for the greatest number of people. Silberberg agrees and mentions another study that supports this view. Beran criticizes Braley et al., pointing out that in ...
Ullah Kaleem - - 2013
Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) widely exists in nature, mainly expressed at significant levels in vasculature. It plays a detrimental role in vascular diseases, particularly atherosclerosis, which occurs mainly in arteries. Herein we for the first time present SSAO expression in arterial lineage of vascular cell line, i.e., human umbilical arterial ...
Gold Daniel R DR Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. - - 2013
Diagnosis of leptomeningeal leukemia (and more broadly, leptomeningeal metastasis [LM]) is based on:
Sun Yuena - - 2013
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Cryptocentrus yatsui was first determined. The genome was 16,584 bp in length and consisted of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 2 main noncoding regions (the control region and the origin of the light strand replication), the gene composition and ...
Mejía-Barradas César M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation on metabolic state and gene expression in subcutaneous adipose tissues of obese adolescents. Obese adolescents (n = 26, 10 girls and 16 boys) aged 12.4 ± 2.1 years were assigned to a 12-week regimen of n-3 ...
Lokteva Irina - - 2013
Semiconductor nanowire field-effect transistors (FETs) are interesting for fundamental studies of charge transport as well as possible applications in electronics. Here, we report low-voltage, low-hysteresis and ambipolar PbSe nanowire FETs using electrolyte-gating with ionic liquids and ion gels. We obtain balanced hole and electron mobilities at gate voltages below 1 ...
Liu Xiangsheng - - 2013
Surface engineering of nanoparticles plays an essential role in their colloidal stability, biocompatibility and interaction with biosystems. In this study, a novel multidentate zwitterionic biopolymer derivative is obtained from conjugating dithiolane lipoic acid and zwitterionic acryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine to the chitosan oligosaccharide backbone. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) modified by this polymer exhibit ...
Muysoms F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic intra-peritoneal mesh repair (LVHR) is a well-established treatment option to repair ventral and incisional hernias, no consensus in the literature can be found on the best method of fixation of the mesh to the abdominal wall. METHODS: Between December 2004 and July 2008, 76 patients undergoing a ...
Zeng Xin - - 2013
Zinc sulfide (ZnS) thin films have been synthesized by spray pyrolysis at 310 °C using an aqueous solution of zinc chloride (ZnCl2) and thioacetamide (TAA). Highly crystalline films were obtained by applying TAA instead of thiourea (TU) as the sulfur source. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses show that the films prepared ...
Li Yamei - - 2013
Vanadium dioxide (VO2) is a Mott phase transition compound that can be applied as a thermochromic smart material for energy saving and comfort, and titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a well-known photocatalyst for self-cleaning coatings. In this paper, we report a VO2@TiO2 core-shell structure, in which the VO2 nanorod core exhibits ...
Foster Temitope T Division of Digestive Disease, Emory University, 49 Jesse Hill Jr. Dr. S.E., Druid Hills, Atlanta, GA 30324, USA. - - 2013
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the number one cause of liver disease in the United States. The prevalence rates in African Americans (AA), while significantly lower than other ethnic groups with similar known risk factors, have been quoted as high as 24 %. We aim to determine if the ...
Damas Aurélie - - 2013
A novel class of luminescent octahedral ruthenium complexes displaying a π-bonded quinonoid ligand is described. Remarkably, the presence of this organometallic ligand affects their UV-vis properties and transforms them into panchromatic absorbers. Furthermore, it turns on room temperature NIR emissions.
Choi Bong Gill - - 2013
Hierarchical structures of hybrid materials with the controlled compositions have been shown to offer a breakthrough for energy storage and conversion. Here, we report the integrative assembly of chemically modified graphene (CMG) building blocks into hierarchical complex structures with the hybrid composition for high performance flexible pseudocapacitors. The formation mechanism ...
Lindqvist Pg - - 2013
Abstract Objective Abnormal umbilical artery blood flow has been implicated in pregnancy complications and fetal demise. Its relation to histopathological changes in the placenta and to maternal or fetal thrombophilia is less well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between umbilical artery Doppler findings, placental ...
Cochet Hélène - - 2013
Variation in methods and measures, resulting in past dispute over the existence of population handedness in nonhuman great apes, has impeded progress into the origins of human right-handedness and how it relates to the human hallmark of language. Pooling evidence from behavioral studies, neuroimaging and neuroanatomy, we evaluate data on ...
Chang Chia-Hao - - 2013
The complete mitochondrial genome of the three-spot seahorse was sequenced using a polymerase chain reaction-based method. The total length of mitochondrial DNA is 16,535 bp and includes 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, and a control region. The mitochondrial gene order of the three-spot seahorse also ...
Hanks Lynae J LJ Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Webb 445, 1720 Second Ave South, Birmingham, AL, 35294-3360, USA, - - 2013
Given that calcium metabolism is influenced by genes and is tightly linked to energy-utilizing pathways, this study evaluated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) with resting energy expenditure (REE). In 273 boys and girls, 7-12 years of age, cross-sectional REE ...
Mastronikolis Nicholas S - - 2013
Fourteen dysphonic patients who had previously undergone total or extended cordectomy underwent medialization thyroplasty. A minimum delay of 6 months was respected to allow the spontaneous "neocord" formation, to evaluate the voice recovery achieved by speech therapy alone and to avoid an undiagnosed early recurrence. Surgery was performed under general anaesthesia, ...
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