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Results 401 - 450 of 3560
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Guler Tolga - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of coexisting anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and concordance of HPV types in women with cervical HPV infection and to investigate the possible predictors for anal HPV infection. METHODS: Study group was composed of women referred with documented cervical HPV infection. All patients had undergone ...
Mostafa Mohamed R - - 2013
Acute leukemias are caused by genetic and epigenetic mechanisms involving tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes. Aberrant DNA methylation patterns are the most frequent molecular alterations detected in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Gravin is down-regulated in several solid tumors and is implicated in tumorigenesis. To explore its role in the molecular ...
Bertolotti Milena - - 2013
H2O2 produced by extracellular NADPH oxidases regulates tyrosine kinase signaling inhibiting phosphatases. How does it cross the membrane to reach its cytosolic targets? Silencing aquaporin-8 (AQP8), but not AQP3 or AQP4, inhibited H2O2 entry into HeLa cells. Re-expression of AQP8 with silencing-resistant vectors rescued H2O2 transport, while a C173A-AQP8 mutant ...
Al-Husari Maymona - - 2013
Acidic extracellular pH has been shown to play a crucial part in the invasive and metastatic cascade of some tumours. In this study, we examine the effect of extracellular acidity on tumour invasion focusing, in particular, on cellular adhesion, proteolytic enzyme activity and cellular proliferation. Our numerical simulations using a ...
Ye Qing - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in the treatment of ovarian cancer. METHODS: We sought to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) by searching PubMed and Web of Science. Outcomes were objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and ...
Matthews William J - - 2013
Communities can change gradually or abruptly, and directionally (to an alternate state) or non-directionally. We briefly review the history of theoretical and empirical perspectives on community change, and propose a new framework for viewing temporal trajectories of communities in multivariate space. We used a stream fish dataset spanning 40 years (1969-2008) ...
Cui Pei - - 2013
We report the complete nucleotide sequence of a reassortant infectious bursal disease (IBD) virus (IBDV) HN isolate from commercial broiler flocks in central China. The genome consisted of 3,232 and 2,652 nucleotides in the coding regions of segments A and B, respectively. Alignment of both nucleotide and deduced amino acid ...
Hong Ji Man - - 2013
Even though the medulla contains the baroreceptor regulatory centers, few studies have focused on the autonomic dysfunction of lateral medullary infarction (LMI). Therefore, cardiac parasympathetic and sympathetic functions were compared in LMI patients and age-matched controls. We prospectively recruited 25 LMI patients who had ipsilateral Horner's sign and cardiac autonomic ...
Tan Pui San - - 2013
Fulvestrant is a highly active systemic therapy in patients with metastatic hormone receptor positive breast cancer. Preclinical work suggested potential synergy of fulvestrant in combination with aromatase inhibitor therapy and delayed development of endocrine resistance. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the effectiveness of fulvestrant plus anastrozole, compared ...
Mueller-Cajar Oliver - - 2013
The key photosynthetic, CO2-fixing enzyme Rubisco forms inactivated complexes with its substrate ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) and other sugar phosphate inhibitors. The independently evolved AAA+ proteins Rubisco activase and CbbX harness energy from ATP hydrolysis to remodel Rubisco complexes, facilitating release of these inhibitors. Here, we discuss recent structural and mechanistic ...
Onoe Hiroaki - - 2013
Artificial reconstruction of fibre-shaped cellular constructs could greatly contribute to tissue assembly in vitro. Here we show that, by using a microfluidic device with double-coaxial laminar flow, metre-long core-shell hydrogel microfibres encapsulating ECM proteins and differentiated cells or somatic stem cells can be fabricated, and that the microfibres reconstitute intrinsic ...
Manthei Kelly A - - 2013
RecQ DNA helicases are critical for proper maintenance of genomic stability, and mutations in multiple human RecQ genes are linked with genetic disorders characterized by a predisposition to cancer. RecQ proteins are conserved from prokaryotes to humans and in all cases form higher-order complexes with other proteins to efficiently execute ...
Piagkou Maria - - 2013
Enlarged parietal foramina (>5 mm) is an extremely rare developmental defect of the parietal bone, which is distinguished from the normal small parietal foramina, as genes associated with this entity have been identified, suggesting that it is hereditary in nature. We describe a dry skull of a 35-year-old female, with enlarged ...
Bolzati Cristina - - 2013
[(99m)Tc(N)(DBODC)(PNP5)](+) [DBODC is bis(N-ethoxyethyl)dithiocarbamato; PNP5 is bis(dimethoxypropylphosphinoethyl)ethoxyethylamine], abbreviated as (99m)Tc(N)-DBODC(5), is a lipophilic cationic mixed compound investigated as a myocardial imaging agent. The findings that this tracer accumulates in mitochondrial structures through a mechanism mediated by the negative mitochondrial membrane potential and that the rapid efflux of (99m)Tc(N)-DBODC(5) from nontarget tissues seems ...
Brock Jon - - 2013
Atypical auditory perception is a widely recognised but poorly understood feature of autism. In the current study, we used magnetoencephalography to measure the brain responses of 10 autistic children as they listened passively to dichotic pitch stimuli, in which an illusory tone is generated by sub-millisecond inter-aural timing differences in ...
Antonini G - - 2013
The standard surgical management of hip fractures is associated with tissue trauma and bleeding which are added to the fracture injury. The percutaneous compression plate (PCCP) is a minimally invasive device that has been demonstrated in previous studies to reduce postoperative complications and blood loss. This prospective, multi-center, observational study ...
Bellows C F - - 2013
PURPOSE: Biologic grafts are rarely used for inguinal herniorrhaphy. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes between patients undergoing a Lichtenstein's hernioplasty with a porcine mesh versus a standard synthetic. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded multicenter, evaluation of inguinal hernia repair was conducted between 2008 and ...
Knight Victoria - - 2013
A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted for articles published between 1993 and 2012 to determine the degree to which technology-based interventions can be considered an evidence-based practice to teach academic skills to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Criteria developed by Horner et al. (Except Child 71:165-178, 2005) ...
Galeotti Francesca - - 2013
Influenza vaccination has been implicated in Guillain Barré Syndrome (GBS) although the evidence for this link is controversial. A case-control study was conducted between October 2010 and May 2011 in seven Italian Regions to explore the relation between influenza vaccination and GBS. The study included 176 GBS incident cases aged ...
Lee Jasmine - - 2013
Pseudomonas aeruginosa uses a hierarchical quorum sensing (QS) network consisting of las, pqs and rhl regulatory elements to coordinate the expression of bacterial virulence genes. However, clinical isolates frequently contain loss-of-function mutations in the central las system. This motivated us to search for a mechanism that may functionally substitute las. ...
Bardehle Sophia - - 2013
Astrocytes are thought to have important roles after brain injury, but their behavior has largely been inferred from postmortem analysis. To examine the mechanisms that recruit astrocytes to sites of injury, we used in vivo two-photon laser-scanning microscopy to follow the response of GFP-labeled astrocytes in the adult mouse cerebral ...
Vaienti L - - 2013
Lower limb reconstruction with pedicled or free flaps can be commonly compromised by venous insufficiency. This complication often leads to partial/complete flap necrosis and increases the risk of superinfection. Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is known to increase local blood flow, decrease edema, promote tissue granulation, and reduce the likelihood of ...
Cortejoso Lucía - - 2013
Oxaliplatin or irinotecan is usually administered jointly with fluoropyrimidines in colorectal cancer patients treated with chemotherapy. Both drugs have different toxicity patterns. Biomarkers for predicting high-risk severe adverse reactions can help select the best treatment. A retrospective analysis of 106 colorectal cancer patients receiving an oxaliplatin-based treatment and 56 receiving ...
Aiken A M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Evidence regarding whether or not antibiotic prophylaxis is beneficial in preventing post-operative surgical site infection in adult inguinal hernia repair is conflicting. A recent Cochrane review based on 17 randomised trials did not reach a conclusion on this subject. This study aimed to describe the current practice and determine ...
Zhang Bo - - 2013
American chestnut (Castanea dentata) was transformed with a wheat oxalate oxidase (oxo) gene in an effort to degrade the oxalic acid (OA) secreted by the fungus Cryphonectria parasitica, thus decreasing its virulence. Expression of OxO was examined under two promoters: a strong constitutive promoter, CaMV 35S, and a predominantly vascular ...
Afonin Kirill A - - 2013
Split-protein systems, an approach that relies on fragmentation of proteins with their further conditional re-association to form functional complexes, are increasingly used for various biomedical applications. This approach offers tight control of protein functions and improved detection sensitivity. Here we report a similar technique based on a pair of RNA-DNA ...
Keestra A Marijke - - 2013
Our innate immune system distinguishes microbes from self by detecting conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns. However, these are produced by all microbes, regardless of their pathogenic potential. To distinguish virulent microbes from those with lower disease-causing potential the innate immune system detects conserved pathogen-induced processes, such as the presence of microbial ...
Ishida Saeko - - 2013
The main familial focal epilepsies are autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, familial temporal lobe epilepsy and familial focal epilepsy with variable foci. A frameshift mutation in the DEPDC5 gene (encoding DEP domain-containing protein 5) was identified in a family with focal epilepsy with variable foci by linkage analysis and ...
Jones Amy J - - 2013
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) occurs as a result of infection with the protozoan parasites Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and T.b. rhodesiense and is nearly always fatal without treatment. However, current therapeutic options are severely limited and there is a desperate need for new compounds to treat the disease. Whole-cell high-throughput screening ...
Schenkel Jason M - - 2013
CD8(+) T cells eliminate intracellular infections through two contact-dependent effector functions: cytolysis and secretion of antiviral cytokines. Here we identify the following additional function for memory CD8(+) T cells that persist at front-line sites of microbial exposure: to serve as local sensors of previously encountered antigens that precipitate innate-like alarm ...
Chen Chunlai - - 2013
During protein synthesis, the ribosome translates nucleotide triplets in single-stranded mRNA into polypeptide sequences. Strong downstream mRNA secondary structures, which must be unfolded for translation, can slow or even halt protein synthesis. Here we used single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer to determine reaction rates for specific steps within the elongation ...
Xu Yanping - - 2013
Voltage-gated ion channels underlie rapid electric signaling in excitable cells. Electrophysiological studies have established that the N-terminal half of the fourth transmembrane segment ((NT)S4) of these channels is the primary voltage sensor, whereas crystallographic studies have shown that (NT)S4 is not located within a proteinaceous pore. Rather, (NT)S4 and the ...
Wang Chenran - - 2013
Despite recent studies showing that inhibition of autophagy depletes the hematopoietic stem cell pool and increases intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), it remains unknown whether autophagy is essential in the maintenance of other stem cells. Moreover, it is unclear whether and how the aberrant ROS increase causes depletion of stem ...
Kim Minsuk M Department of Medicine, Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mt. Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists exert antihypertensive actions through incompletely understood mechanisms. Here we demonstrate that cardiac Glp1r expression is localized to cardiac atria and that GLP-1R activation promotes the secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and a reduction of blood pressure. Consistent with an indirect ANP-dependent mechanism for the ...
Schartl Manfred M Physiological Chemistry, University of Würzburg, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, Würzburg, Germany. - - 2013
Several attributes intuitively considered to be typical mammalian features, such as complex behavior, live birth and malignant disease such as cancer, also appeared several times independently in lower vertebrates. The genetic mechanisms underlying the evolution of these elaborate traits are poorly understood. The platyfish, X. maculatus, offers a unique model ...
Voorhees Rebecca M RM Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, - - 2013
Decoding of the AUA isoleucine codon in bacteria and archaea requires modification of a C in the anticodon wobble position of the isoleucine tRNA. Here, we report the crystal structure of the archaeal tRNA2(Ile), which contains the modification agmatidine in its anticodon, in complex with the AUA codon on the ...
Bock Roland R Laboratory for Integrative Neuroscience, National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2013
A hallmark of addiction is the loss of control over drug intake, which is seen in only a fraction of those exposed to stimulant drugs such as cocaine. The cellular mechanisms underlying vulnerability or resistance to compulsive drug use remain unknown. We found that individual variability in the development of ...
Chen Bill B BB Department of Medicine, Acute Lung Injury Center of Excellence, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2013
Uncontrolled activation of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF) proteins may result in profound tissue injury by linking surface signals to cytokine release. Here we show that a ubiquitin E3 ligase component, Fbxo3, potently stimulates cytokine secretion from human inflammatory cells by destabilizing a sentinel TRAF inhibitor, Fbxl2. Fbxo3 and ...
Pedersen Bjørn P BP Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, California 94158, - - 2013
Phosphate is crucial for structural and metabolic needs, including nucleotide and lipid synthesis, signalling and chemical energy storage. Proton-coupled transporters of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS) are essential for phosphate uptake in plants and fungi, and also have a function in sensing external phosphate levels as transceptors. Here we report ...
Grootjans Joep J Department of Internal Medicine, Slotervaartziekenhuis, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2013
In recent years, the importance of the mucus layer in the colon has become increasingly clear. Disturbance of the mucus layer has been implicated in a variety of intestinal diseases. We have recently investigated the importance of the mucus layer in colon ischemia-reperfusion (IR). Using a newly developed human and ...
Xiong Qi Q Hubei Key Laboratory of Animal Embryo Engineering and Molecular Breeding, Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan, 430064, - - 2013
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the coding and untranslated regions of heat shock 70 kDa protein 1A (HSP70A1A), an inducible molecular chaperone that is responsible for cellular protection against heat stress, have been reported as being associated with heat tolerance. A fragment of the HSP70A1A gene was amplified in Chinese Holstein cattle ...
McDonell Laura M LM Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2013
Microcephaly-capillary malformation (MIC-CAP) syndrome is characterized by severe microcephaly with progressive cortical atrophy, intractable epilepsy, profound developmental delay and multiple small capillary malformations on the skin. We used whole-exome sequencing of five patients with MIC-CAP syndrome and identified recessive mutations in STAMBP, a gene encoding the deubiquitinating (DUB) isopeptidase STAMBP ...
Karas Bogumil J BJ Department of Synthetic Biology and Bioenergy, J. Craig Venter Institute, San Diego, California, USA. - - 2013
Transfer of genomes into yeast facilitates genome engineering for genetically intractable organisms, but this process has been hampered by the need for cumbersome isolation of intact genomes before transfer. Here we demonstrate direct cell-to-cell transfer of bacterial genomes as large as 1.8 megabases (Mb) into yeast under conditions that promote ...
Dus Monica M Molecular Neurobiology Program, Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, - - 2013
Animals can determine the nutritional value of sugar without the influence of taste. We examined a Drosophila mutant that is insensitive to the nutritional value of sugars, responding only to the concentration (that is, sweetness). The affected gene encodes a sodium/solute co-transporter-like protein, designated SLC5A11 (or cupcake), which is structurally ...
Vidal Christophe C Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Robert Debré Hospital, Paris 7 University, AP-HP, 48 Boulevard Sérurier, 75019, Paris, France. - - 2013
Radiological reproducibility study. To assess intra and interobserver reliability of radiographic measurements for global sagittal balance parameters and sagittal spine curves, including cervical spine. Sagittal spine balance in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a main issue and many studies have been reported, showing that coronal and sagittal deformities often involve ...
Kuo Sheng-Han SH Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 710 West 168th Street, 3rd Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2013
The Lingo-1 sequence variant has been associated with essential tremor (ET) in several genome-wide association studies. However, the role that Lingo-1 might play in pathogenesis of ET is not understood. Since Lingo-1 protein is a negative regulator of axonal regeneration and neurite outgrowth, it could contribute to Purkinje cell (PC) ...
Schenk Erin E Division of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Gonda 19, 200 First Street, S.W, Rochester, MN, 55905, - - 2013
To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and characterize the dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) of tanespimycin when given in combination with bortezomib. Phase I dose-escalating trial using a standard cohort "3+3" design performed in patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients were given tanespimycin and bortezomib twice weekly for 2 weeks in ...
Cozier Yvette Y Slone Epidemiology Center, Boston University, Boston, USA. - - 2013
In the United States, incidence and mortality from sarcoidosis, a chronic, granulomatous disease, are increased in black women. In data from the Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up of US black women, we assessed two SNPs (rs2076530 and rs9268480) previously identified in the BTNL2 gene (chromosome 6p21), of which rs4424066 ...
Kang Shin H SH The Solomon H. Snyder Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2013
Oligodendrocytes associate with axons to establish myelin and provide metabolic support to neurons. In the spinal cord of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mice, oligodendrocytes downregulate transporters that transfer glycolytic substrates to neurons and oligodendrocyte progenitors (NG2(+) cells) exhibit enhanced proliferation and differentiation, although the cause of these changes in oligodendroglia ...
Garcia-Arcos Itsaso I Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, - - 2013
Adipose fat storage is thought to require uptake of circulating triglyceride (TG)-derived fatty acids via lipoprotein lipase (LpL). To determine how LpL affects the biology of adipose tissue, we created adipose-specific LpL knock-out (ATLO) mice, and we compared them with whole body LpL knock-out mice rescued with muscle LpL expression ...
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