Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 3560
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Al-Mailem D M - - 2013
Two halophilic, hydrocarbonoclastics bacteria, Marinobacter sedimentarum and M. flavimaris, with diazotrophic potential occured in hypersaline waters and soils in southern and northern coasts of Kuwait. Their numbers were in the magnitude of 10(3) colony forming units g(-1). The ambient salinity in the hypersaline environments was between 3.2 and 3.5 M NaCl. ...
Steinemann D C - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the additional burdens in terms of pain, prolongation of surgery and morbidity which is added to elective caesarean section if umbilical hernia suture repair is performed simultaneously. Secondly, patient's satisfaction and hernia recurrence rate were assessed. METHODS: Consecutive women with symptomatic ...
Yüksel Hatice - - 2013
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of simvastatin, a cholesterol-lowering agent, on vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs), nitric oxide (NO) levels and neuroprotection, in rats with experimentally induced traumatic brain injury (TBI). Forty Wistar albino rats were categorized into four groups: sham operated (S), trauma (T), trauma + vehicle (T + V) ...
Arbanas Juraj - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose was to investigate the changes of the psoas major muscles (PM) cross-sectional area (CSA) and fat infiltration in the PM and to investigate the association between the morphology of the PM and expression of the degenerative changes of lumbar spine in patients with low back pain (LBP). ...
Smee Delbert L - - 2013
As populations decline, their intraspecific diversity also diminishes. Population decline may be exacerbated if a decrease in intraspecific diversity also reduces important ecological functions that maintain population numbers. Oyster reefs are severely overharvested, declining by ~85 % worldwide. We tested how increasing within-species diversity of eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) using transplants ...
Amenu Kebede - - 2013
Compared to the total water use in livestock production systems, water for livestock drinking is small in amount but is an important requirement for health and productivity of animals. This study was carried out to assess constraints and challenges of meeting drinking water requirements of livestock in rural mixed smallholder ...
Amin Emily N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is being increasingly used in the sampling of pulmonary masses and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The blood clot core (BCC) often obtained during EBUS-TBNA may not be a true core and therefore may not be submitted for histological analysis. The frequency in which the blood ...
Lavanya P - - 2013
β-Lactamase production is the common mechanism of resistance of β-lactam antibiotics. Knowledge of inter-residue interactions in protein structures increases our understanding of protein structure and stability. We have systematically analysed the contribution of C-H···π interactions to the stability of β-lactamases. Most of the interactions are long range and most of ...
Rovaris Diego L - - 2013
A number of studies have demonstrated that stress is involved in all aspects of smoking behavior, including initiation, maintenance and relapse. The mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid (GR) receptors are expressed in several brain areas and play a key role in negative feedback of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. As nicotine increases ...
Servos Mark A - - 2013
Room temperature sodium metal reduction of phenyl isocyanate (PhNCO) in hexamethylphosphoramide yields the anion radical (PhNCO.-) where the unpaired electron exhibits coupling to one nitrogen and five unique protons. The extent of coupling to the carbon in the NCO group was obtained via the reduction of 13C labeled PhN13CO. Remarkably, ...
Landis William J - - 2013
Among the vertebrate species, collagen is the most abundant protein and is associated with mineralization of their skeleton and dentition in all tissues except enamel. In such tissues, bones, calcifying tendon, dentin, and cementum are comprised principally of type I collagen, which has been proposed as a template for apatite ...
Kojima Shin-Ichiro - - 2013
Malignant tumors of the urinary bladder in infants are extremely rare. Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most likely tumor in this site, whereas neuroblastoma of the urinary bladder is exceedingly uncommon and is not listed as a differential diagnosis for tumors of this site. We present a case of neuroblastoma arising from ...
Lampropoulou-Adamidou Kalliopi - - 2013
Osteoporotic fractures are becoming more prevalent with ageing of populations worldwide. Inadequate fixation or prolonged immobilization after non-surgical care leads to serious life-threatening events, poor functional results and lifelong disability. Thus, a stable internal fixation and rapid initiation of rehabilitation are required for faster return of function. Conventional internal fixation ...
Wang Chun-Yan - - 2013
Aims: There is mounting evidence that the transition metal copper may play an important role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Triethylene tetramine dihydrochloride (trientine), a CuII-selective chelator, is a commonly used treatment for Wilson's disease to decrease accumulated copper, and thereby decreases oxidative stress. In the present study, ...
Wang Feng - - 2013
In this study, a novel iron superoxide dismutase (FeSOD) gene from Sonneratia alba was cloned and then expressed in Escherichia coli Rosetta-gami, designated as SaFeSOD. The DNA sequence of SaFeSOD contained a 786-bp open reading frame which encodes a 261 amino-acid protein of 30.0 kDa. The 651-bp fragment coding for putative ...
Schuchert Andreas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the analysis was to compare the outcome of heart failure patients in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV to that of NYHA class III patients 1 year after implantation of a CRT device. METHODS: The analysis was based on the 405 CRT patients enrolled in the ...
Moon Dochang - - 2013
We report a case of radiation recall dermatitis caused by trastuzumab. A 55-year-old woman with metastatic breast cancer received palliative first-line trastuzumab/paclitaxel and a salvage partial mastectomy with lymph node dissection was subsequently performed. In spite of the palliative setting, the pathology report indicated that no residual carcinoma was present, ...
Kuyumcu Serkan - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine the range of SUVmax of 68Ga-DOTATATE in normal organs and tumoral lesions and establish uptake unrelated to NET. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients (57 men, 63 women), who underwent (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging in our institution were analyzed. Patients ...
Kupetsky Erine A - - 2013
Introduction: Over 75,000 people in the United States were diagnosed with melanoma in 2012. The incidence of melanoma continues to increase over time and early detection is currently the most promising strategy to decrease melanoma-related morbidity and mortality. Currently, most physicians perform skin cancer screenings with the unaided eye. However, ...
Forkel Philipp - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of different types of lateral meniscus root tears in terms of tibiofemoral contact stress. METHODS: Ten porcine knees each underwent five different testing conditions with the menisci intact, a simulated lateral posterior root tear with and without cutting the ...
Ai-Jun Ma - - 2013
To explore the skin mucous of juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) protein under thermo-treatment in different temperatures (20, 23, 25, and 27 °C), the corresponding proteome maps were constructed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE), from which the peptide mass map with MALDI-TOF-TOF was obtained, and a novel protein of polypeptide was identified ...
Bennett P C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Paraumbilical hernia (PUH) is a common condition that usually requires surgical repair. However, there is a dearth of literature on this surgery performed under local anaesthesia (LA) without the use of sedation. The aims of this study were to assess peri-operative pain and patient satisfaction in patients undergoing PUH ...
Najafpour Mohammad Mahdi - - 2013
Photosystem II is responsible for the light-driven biological water-splitting system in oxygenic photosynthesis and contains a cluster of one calcium and four manganese ions at its water-oxidizing complex. This cluster may serve as a model for the design of artificial or biomimetic systems capable of splitting water into oxygen and ...
Tschiesner Uta - - 2013
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set for Head and Neck Cancer (ICF-HNC) covers the typical spectrum of problems in functioning experienced by patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). The major goal of the present work was to evaluate patients' priorities using the brief ICF-HNC as ...
Zhang Jinyou - - 2013
2-haloacid dehalogenases are enzymes that are capable of degrading 2-haloacid compounds. These enzymes are produced by bacteria, but so far they have only been purified and characterized from terrestrial bacteria. The present study describes the purification and characterization of 2-haloacid dehalogenase from the marine bacterium Pseudomonas stutzeri DEH130. P. Stutzeri ...
Sanan-Mishra Neeti - - 2013
microRNAs (miRs) are 21- to 24-nucleotide-long RNA molecules that are mainly involved in regulating the gene expression at the post-transcriptional levels. They are present in a variety of organisms from algae to plants and play an important role in gene regulation. The identification of several diverging and converging functions of ...
Jahng Yurngdong - - 2013
Tryptanthrin, an indoloquinazoline alkaloid, was first obtained by sublimation of natural indigo and later isolated from the culture of fungus Candida lipolytica and a variety of other natural sources. Tryptanthrin showed a variety of intriguing biological properties such as antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, and antiparasitic activities, inhibitory activities against COX-2, 5-LOX, ...
Han Zuozhen - - 2013
Calcite with laminate structure was successfully prepared by culturing Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 with different concentrations of calcium chloride (CaCl2) in BG11 media. S. PCC6803 was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), laser confocal scanning microscope (LCSM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The effects of Ca(2+) concentrations ...
Busquets-Garcia Arnau - - 2013
Fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common monogenic cause of inherited intellectual disability and autism, is caused by the silencing of the FMR1 gene, leading to the loss of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), a synaptically expressed RNA-binding protein regulating translation. The Fmr1 knockout model recapitulates the main traits ...
Wang Yujuan - - 2013
Three proteins, Egl330, Egl326 and Egl325, which covered the catalytic domain of a Bacillus subtilis endo-β-l, 4-glucanase were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. Egl325 was a mutant of Egl330 with the peptide sequence Arg-Glu-Asn-Ile-Arg deleted in the C-terminus and Egl326 was another mutant of Egl330 with the peptide sequence ...
Li Ke - - 2013
The isomers of monosaccharide always produce multiple chromatographic peaks as volatile derivatives during gas chromatography, which may result in the overlapping of different sugar peaks. While reduction and oximation of sugar carbonyl groups for GC analysis do eliminate many isomer derivatives, the approaches create new problems. One ketose can yield ...
Honma Yuichi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) responds poorly to conventional systemic therapies. Therefore, new effective therapy strategies are urgently needed. Molecular targeted therapies have entered the field of anti-neoplastic treatment and are being used on their own and in combination with other drugs. Sorafenib inhibits proliferation and angiogenesis of HCC by ...
Iwayama Hideyuki - - 2013
It remains elusive whether crosstalk exists among mitochondrial Bax, caspases, and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and whether epidermal growth factor (EGF), which may activate MAPKs, affects ceramide-induced apoptosis through the crosstalk in renal proximal tubular cells (RPTCs). Effect of ceramide on expression of mitochondrial Bax and phosphorylated (p)-ERK, p38MAPK and ...
Cavanagh Amanda P - - 2013
Photosynthetic acclimation varies among species, which likely reveals variations at the biochemical level in the pathways that constitute carbon assimilation and energy transfer. Local adaptation and phenotypic plasticity affect the environmental response of photosynthesis. Phenotypic plasticity allows for a wide array of responses from a single individual, encouraging fitness in ...
Ceccherini Maria Teresa - - 2013
Olive trees play an important role in cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, constituting in large part the Mediterranean landscape. In Tuscany, an important economic activity is based on olive. Unfortunately, the Verticillium wilt affects this species and causes vascular disease. In the present study, a real-time quantitative PCR approach ...
Sudzinova A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity world-wide. Evidence on ethnic differences between the Roma and non-Roma regarding medical risk factors is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess differences in medical risk factors and the severity of CHD in Roma ...
Hajj Glaucia N M - - 2013
The co-chaperone stress-inducible protein 1 (STI1) is released by astrocytes, and has important neurotrophic properties upon binding to prion protein (PrP(C)). However, STI1 lacks a signal peptide and pharmacological approaches pointed that it does not follow a classical secretion mechanism. Ultracentrifugation, size exclusion chromatography, electron microscopy, vesicle labeling, and particle ...
Igarashi Hisato - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The frequency and prognosis of pancreatic endocrine tumors (PNET)/pancreatic cystic tumors (PCT) in Japanese patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) are still open to question. METHODS: We conducted the first nationwide epidemiological study of VHL disease in Japan to elucidate this question. Data on 377 VHL patients (PNET, 53; ...
Tripathi Priyanka - - 2013
Different physiological and nutritional parameters affect the fermentative production of shikimic acid. In our study, Citrobacter freundii initially produced 0.62 g/L of shikimic acid in 72 h. However, when process optimization was employed, 5.11 g/L of shikimic acid was produced in the production medium consisting of glucose (5.0 %), asparagine (4.5 %), CaCO3 (2.0 %), at ...
Venzal José M - - 2013
By the end of the 1960s, the argasid tick Ornithodoros peropteryx was described from larval specimens collected from the bat Peropteryx macrotis in Colombia. Since its original description, no additional record of O. peropteryx has been reported, and its post-larval stages have remained unknown. During July 2010, 18 larvae were ...
Husberg Charlotte - - 2013
We have used density functional theory calculations to investigate how the hydrogen-bond strength is modified when a ligand is bound to a metal using over 60 model systems involving six metals and eight ligands frequently encountered in metalloproteins. We study how the hydrogen-bond geometry and energy vary with the nature ...
Deuster Patricia A - - 2013
Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) occurs in young, otherwise healthy, individuals principally during strenuous exercise, athletic, and military training. Although many risk factors have been offered, it is unclear why some individuals develop ER when participating in comparable levels of physical exertion under identical environmental conditions and others do not. This study ...
Xu Lina - - 2013
We combined Monte Carlo simulations and density functional theory calculations to study the mechanism of the Diels-Alder reaction of p-quinone and cyclohexadiene catalyzed by a self-assembled molecular capsule. Our calculations show that the encapsulation of the reactants into the cage is driven by hydrogen bonding interaction and π-π stacking interaction ...
López-Sendón José - - 2013
Introduction: Drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) is the second most common cause of parkinsonism after idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD). Initially reported as a complication of antipsychotics, it was later recognized as a common complication of antidepressants, calcium channel antagonists, gastrointestinal prokinetics, antiepileptic drugs and many other compounds. Despite being a major health ...
Nissou Marie-France - - 2013
Most of our knowledge regarding glioma cell biology comes from cell culture experiments. For many years the standards for glioma cell culture were the use of cell lines cultured in the presence of serum and 20 % O2. However, in vivo, normoxia in many brain areas is in close to 3 % ...
Slattery E - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Increasing attention is being focused on reigning in escalating costs of healthcare, i.e. trying to 'bend the cost curve'. In gastroenterology (GI), inpatient hospital care represents a major component of overall costs. This study aimed to characterize the trend in cost of care for GI-related hospitalizations in recent years ...
Grewal P - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The annual cost of employee absences from work to UK business is estimated to be £32 billion, with routine post-operative recovery time being the second commonest reason for employee absence. We surveyed what post-operative instructions are currently being given to patients by surgeons after inguinal hernia repair in England. ...
Sansone Randy A - - 2013
The relationship between forgiveness and borderline personality symptomatology has been rarely studied. Using a consecutive cross-sectional sample of 307 internal medicine outpatients and a survey methodology, we examined correlations between the Forgiveness Scale and borderline personality symptomatology as measured by the borderline personality disorder scale of the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4 ...
Guler Tolga - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of coexisting anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and concordance of HPV types in women with cervical HPV infection and to investigate the possible predictors for anal HPV infection. METHODS: Study group was composed of women referred with documented cervical HPV infection. All patients had undergone ...
Mostafa Mohamed R - - 2013
Acute leukemias are caused by genetic and epigenetic mechanisms involving tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes. Aberrant DNA methylation patterns are the most frequent molecular alterations detected in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Gravin is down-regulated in several solid tumors and is implicated in tumorigenesis. To explore its role in the molecular ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >