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Results 301 - 350 of 3561
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White Ann L - - 2013
Isotype plays a crucial role in therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) function, mediated in large part through differences in Fcγ receptor (FcγR) interaction. Monoclonal Abs such as rituximab and alemtuzumab, which bind target cells directly, are designed for efficient recruitment of immune effector cells through their activatory FcγR engagement to mediate ...
Xiong Qi - - 2013
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the coding and untranslated regions of heat shock 70 kDa protein 1A (HSP70A1A), an inducible molecular chaperone that is responsible for cellular protection against heat stress, have been reported as being associated with heat tolerance. A fragment of the HSP70A1A gene was amplified in Chinese Holstein cattle ...
Hata Taishi - - 2013
PURPOSE: A number of clinical trials, including the FIRIS study, have shown that S-1 plus irinotecan (IRIS) is safe and effective in patients with colorectal cancer. Several different treatment protocols for IRIS are commonly used in Japan, besides the one used in the FIRIS study. This study was designed to ...
Trouilloud P - - 2013
We describe our experience with a new system of patient-specific template called Personal Fit(®), which is unique in shoulder surgery and used in combination with Duocentric(®) prosthesis. The reverse prosthesis's concept is the invention of Paul Grammont, developed with Grammont's team of Dijon University as from 1981, which led to ...
Huang Jian Yu - - 2013
The ability to form tiny droplets of liquids and control their movements is important in printing or patterning, chemical reactions and biological assays. So far, such nanofluidic capabilities have principally used components such as channels, nozzles or tubes, where a solid encloses the transported liquid. Here, we show that liquids ...
Nozawa Ryu-Suke - - 2013
Human inactive X chromosome (Xi) forms a compact structure called the Barr body, which is enriched in repressive histone modifications such as trimethylation of histone H3 Lys9 (H3K9me3) and Lys27 (H3K27me3). These two histone marks are distributed in distinct domains, and X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) preferentially colocalizes with H3K27me3 domains. ...
Wakasugi Masaki - - 2013
This report addresses whether it is safe to perform totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair for patients taking antithrombotic agents. Between January 2011 and June 2012, 77 patients (70 men, 7 women) underwent TEP repair at Osaka Police Hospital, 22 (28.6 %) of whom had been treated with antithrombotic drugs preoperatively. ...
Scholtysek Carina - - 2013
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) act as metabolic sensors and central regulators of fat and glucose homeostasis. Furthermore, PPARγ has been implicated as major catabolic regulator of bone mass in mice and humans. However, a potential involvement of other PPAR subtypes in the regulation of bone homeostasis has remained elusive. Here ...
Grootjans Joep - - 2013
In recent years, the importance of the mucus layer in the colon has become increasingly clear. Disturbance of the mucus layer has been implicated in a variety of intestinal diseases. We have recently investigated the importance of the mucus layer in colon ischemia-reperfusion (IR). Using a newly developed human and ...
García-Giménez Jose Luis - - 2013
Aims: Here we report that chromatin, the complex and dynamic eukaryotic DNA packaging structure, is able to sense cellular redox changes. Histone H3, the only nucleosomal protein that possesses cysteine(s), can be modified by glutathione (GSH). Results: Using Biotin labelled glutathione ethyl ester (BioGEE) treatment of nucleosomes in vitro, we ...
Keizman Daniel - - 2013
One third of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) suffer from bone metastases. Skeletal involvement in RCC is associated with the occurrence of skeletal-related events, and may negatively impact on the outcome of patients treated with systemic therapies. In patients with RCC and bone metastases, therapies that inhibit osteoclasts, ...
Wang Li - - 2013
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are believed to be responsible for tumor metastasis, recurrence, and high mortality of cancer patients due to their high tumorigenicity resistance to chemo-radiotherapy. Morusin possesses anti-cancer activity through attenuation of NF-κB activity, which is up-regulated in cancer stem cells. The purpose of this study is to ...
Raudino Francesco - - 2013
The Alzheimer's disease is considered a progressive cognitive disorder; however, several non-cognitive symptoms accompany all stages of the disease, appearing at times before the cognitive symptoms become manifest. This article reviews the literature on non-cognitive symptoms normally related to the Alzheimer's disease, including gait and balance dysfunction, olfactory dysfunction, diabetes, ...
Vidal Christophe - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: Radiological reproducibility study. PURPOSE: To assess intra and interobserver reliability of radiographic measurements for global sagittal balance parameters and sagittal spine curves, including cervical spine. Sagittal spine balance in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a main issue and many studies have been reported, showing that coronal and sagittal ...
Sinha Ranjita - - 2013
Polyamines play very important role in various cellular metabolic functions, including floral induction, floral differentiation and fertility regulation. In the present study, S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC), a key gene involved in polyamine biosynthesis, has been targeted in tapetal tissue of tomato using RNAi to examine its effect on tapetum development and ...
Dallas Tad - - 2013
Macroparasites are commonly aggregated on a small subset of a host population. Previous explanations for this aggregation relate to differences in immunocompetence or the degree to which hosts encounter parasites. We propose active tick host choice through chemical attraction as a potential mechanism leading to aggregated tick burdens. We test ...
Mohideen Mazlin - - 2013
A series of six/five member (E/Z)-Goniothalamin analogs were synthesized from commercially available (3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)methanol/5-(hydroxymethyl)dihydrofuran-2(3H)-one in three steps with good to moderate overall yields and their cytotoxicity against lymphoblastic leukemic T cell line (Jurkat E6.1) have been evaluated. Among the synthesized analogs, (Z)-Goniothalamin appeared to be the most active in cytotoxicity (IC50 = 12 μM). ...
Son You Hwa - - 2013
Over-expression of protein kinase CK2 is highly linked to the survival of cancer cells and the poor prognosis of patients with cancers. CX-4945, a potent and selective orally bioavailable ATP-competitive inhibitor of CK2, inhibits the oncogenic cellular events such as proliferation and angiogenesis, and the increase of tumor growth in ...
Hida Akira I - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Ki67 labeling index (LI) reflects the proliferative activity of breast cancers and defines luminal A and B tumors; however, no detailed method to measure Ki67 has been standardized. Here, we propose a fast and easy way to evaluate Ki67. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor ...
McDonell Laura M - - 2013
Microcephaly-capillary malformation (MIC-CAP) syndrome is characterized by severe microcephaly with progressive cortical atrophy, intractable epilepsy, profound developmental delay and multiple small capillary malformations on the skin. We used whole-exome sequencing of five patients with MIC-CAP syndrome and identified recessive mutations in STAMBP, a gene encoding the deubiquitinating (DUB) isopeptidase STAMBP ...
Flores-Monterroso Aranzazu - - 2013
Ectomycorrhizal associations are of major ecological importance in temperate and boreal forests. The development of a functional ectomycorrhiza requires many genetic and biochemical changes. In this study, suppressive subtraction hybridization was used to identify differentially expressed genes in the roots of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton) inoculated with Laccaria bicolor, ...
Syed Samina T - - 2013
Transportation barriers are often cited as barriers to healthcare access. Transportation barriers lead to rescheduled or missed appointments, delayed care, and missed or delayed medication use. These consequences may lead to poorer management of chronic illness and thus poorer health outcomes. However, the significance of these barriers is uncertain based ...
Kampfrath T - - 2013
In spin-based electronics, information is encoded by the spin state of electron bunches. Processing this information requires the controlled transport of spin angular momentum through a solid, preferably at frequencies reaching the so far unexplored terahertz regime. Here, we demonstrate, by experiment and theory, that the temporal shape of femtosecond ...
Hurley Judith - - 2013
Triple-negative breast cancers comprise about 20 % of breast cancers. They have poor prognosis and have no standard therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate pathologic complete response (pCR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) in patients with TNBC treated with neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy. This is a retrospective ...
Barton Marianne L - - 2013
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis is based on behavioral presentation; changes in conceptual models or defining behaviors may significantly impact diagnosis and uptake of ASD-specific interventions. The literature examining impact of DSM-5 criteria is equivocal. Toddlers may be especially vulnerable to the stringent requirements of impairment in all three social-communication ...
Bouchet Renaud - - 2013
Electrochemical energy storage is one of the main societal challenges of this century. The performances of classical lithium-ion technology based on liquid electrolytes have made great advances in the past two decades, but the intrinsic instability of liquid electrolytes results in safety issues. Solid polymer electrolytes would be a perfect ...
Hajizadeh Mohammad - - 2013
This study examines trends in socioeconomic-related inequalities in obesity risk among Canadian adults (aged 18-65 years) from 2000 to 2010 using five nationally representative Canadian Community Health Surveys (CCHSs). We employed the concentration index (C) to quantify the socioeconomic inequalities in obesity risk across different demographic groups and geographic regions in ...
Russo Eleonora - - 2013
Radioiodide ((131)I) is routinely used for the treatment of toxic adenoma, Graves' disease, and for ablation of thyroid remnant after thyroidectomy in patients with thyroid cancer. The toxic effects of ionizing radiations on living cells can be mediated by a necrotic and/or apoptotic process. The involvement of apoptosis in radiation-induced ...
Chi Yanling - - 2013
PURPOSE: Our aim is to develop an automatic method which can detect diverse focal liver lesions (FLLs) in 3D CT volumes. METHOD:    A hybrid generative-discriminative framework is proposed. It first uses a generative model to describe non-lesion components and then identifies all candidate FLLs within a 3D liver volume by ...
Arozullah Ahsan M - - 2013
Juridical councils that render rulings on bioethical issues for Muslims living in non-Muslim lands may have limited familiarity with the foundational concept of wilāyah (authority and governance) and its implications for their authority and functioning. This paper delineates a Sunni Māturīdi perspective on the concept of wilāyah, describes how levels ...
Reichl Tobias - - 2013
PURPOSE   : Flexible fiber-optic bronchoscopy is a widespread medical procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases. Navigation systems are needed to track the flexible endoscope within the bronchial tree. Electromagnetic (EM) tracking is currently the only technology used clinically for this purpose. The registration between EM tracking and patient ...
Prokopiou E M - - 2013
Tumour vasculature targeting has been a very active area of cancer drug discovery over the last decade. Growth of solid tumours beyond a certain point requires a sufficient blood supply in order for them to develop and metastasise. While novel anti-angiogenic and vascular disrupting agents represent an important contribution to ...
Kuo Sheng-Han - - 2013
The Lingo-1 sequence variant has been associated with essential tremor (ET) in several genome-wide association studies. However, the role that Lingo-1 might play in pathogenesis of ET is not understood. Since Lingo-1 protein is a negative regulator of axonal regeneration and neurite outgrowth, it could contribute to Purkinje cell (PC) ...
Itoh Yasunori - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Recently, we reported that alpha 1A-adrenoceptor (AR) is the main participant in phenylephrine-induced human ureteral contraction. We therefore decided to carry out a prospective randomized study to evaluate the effects of silodosin, a selective alpha 1A AR antagonist, as a medical expulsive therapy (MET) for distal ureteral stones. METHODS: ...
Kratz Anna L - - 2013
PURPOSE: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS(®)) provides adult and pediatric self-report measures of health-related quality of life designed for use across medical conditions and the general population. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and validity of the PROMIS(®) Pediatric Short Form and computer-adaptive test ...
Sekharappa Vijay - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: A series of 12 patients in our centre following single level instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion at L4-L5 developed unexplainable motor weakness in the proximal lumbar nerve roots (L2, L3) and numbness of the whole limb, a clinical picture resembling lumbar plexopathy. Even though lumbar plexopathy has been reported ...
Shim Hyung-Sup - - 2013
The objective of this study was to review outcomes of early one-stage surgery of acutely infected preauricular sinus compared to conventional delayed surgery after infection control. The study is a case series with chart review conducted in an academic center. From January 1, 2007 to January 31, 2012, we performed ...
Al-Mailem D M - - 2013
Two halophilic, hydrocarbonoclastics bacteria, Marinobacter sedimentarum and M. flavimaris, with diazotrophic potential occured in hypersaline waters and soils in southern and northern coasts of Kuwait. Their numbers were in the magnitude of 10(3) colony forming units g(-1). The ambient salinity in the hypersaline environments was between 3.2 and 3.5 M NaCl. ...
Steinemann D C - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the additional burdens in terms of pain, prolongation of surgery and morbidity which is added to elective caesarean section if umbilical hernia suture repair is performed simultaneously. Secondly, patient's satisfaction and hernia recurrence rate were assessed. METHODS: Consecutive women with symptomatic ...
Yüksel Hatice - - 2013
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of simvastatin, a cholesterol-lowering agent, on vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs), nitric oxide (NO) levels and neuroprotection, in rats with experimentally induced traumatic brain injury (TBI). Forty Wistar albino rats were categorized into four groups: sham operated (S), trauma (T), trauma + vehicle (T + V) ...
Arbanas Juraj - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose was to investigate the changes of the psoas major muscles (PM) cross-sectional area (CSA) and fat infiltration in the PM and to investigate the association between the morphology of the PM and expression of the degenerative changes of lumbar spine in patients with low back pain (LBP). ...
Smee Delbert L - - 2013
As populations decline, their intraspecific diversity also diminishes. Population decline may be exacerbated if a decrease in intraspecific diversity also reduces important ecological functions that maintain population numbers. Oyster reefs are severely overharvested, declining by ~85 % worldwide. We tested how increasing within-species diversity of eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) using transplants ...
Amenu Kebede - - 2013
Compared to the total water use in livestock production systems, water for livestock drinking is small in amount but is an important requirement for health and productivity of animals. This study was carried out to assess constraints and challenges of meeting drinking water requirements of livestock in rural mixed smallholder ...
Amin Emily N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is being increasingly used in the sampling of pulmonary masses and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The blood clot core (BCC) often obtained during EBUS-TBNA may not be a true core and therefore may not be submitted for histological analysis. The frequency in which the blood ...
Lavanya P - - 2013
β-Lactamase production is the common mechanism of resistance of β-lactam antibiotics. Knowledge of inter-residue interactions in protein structures increases our understanding of protein structure and stability. We have systematically analysed the contribution of C-H···π interactions to the stability of β-lactamases. Most of the interactions are long range and most of ...
Rovaris Diego L - - 2013
A number of studies have demonstrated that stress is involved in all aspects of smoking behavior, including initiation, maintenance and relapse. The mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid (GR) receptors are expressed in several brain areas and play a key role in negative feedback of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. As nicotine increases ...
Servos Mark A - - 2013
Room temperature sodium metal reduction of phenyl isocyanate (PhNCO) in hexamethylphosphoramide yields the anion radical (PhNCO.-) where the unpaired electron exhibits coupling to one nitrogen and five unique protons. The extent of coupling to the carbon in the NCO group was obtained via the reduction of 13C labeled PhN13CO. Remarkably, ...
Landis William J - - 2013
Among the vertebrate species, collagen is the most abundant protein and is associated with mineralization of their skeleton and dentition in all tissues except enamel. In such tissues, bones, calcifying tendon, dentin, and cementum are comprised principally of type I collagen, which has been proposed as a template for apatite ...
Kojima Shin-Ichiro - - 2013
Malignant tumors of the urinary bladder in infants are extremely rare. Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most likely tumor in this site, whereas neuroblastoma of the urinary bladder is exceedingly uncommon and is not listed as a differential diagnosis for tumors of this site. We present a case of neuroblastoma arising from ...
Loffredo Christopher A - - 2013
Latinos tend to be under-represented in cancer research and in bio-repositories. We conducted a Spanish-language, interviewer-administered cross-sectional survey of 331 foreign-born Latinos from Central and South America attending safety-net clinics in order to describe factors associated with knowledge about and intention to provide bio-specimens for research purposes. We used logistic ...
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