Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3560
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Arroyo Mariangeli - - 2013
The milk-alkali syndrome was a common cause of hypercalcemia, metabolic alkalosis, and renal failure in the early 20th century. It was caused by the ingestion of large quantities of milk and absorbable alkali to treat peptic ulcer disease. The syndrome virtually vanished after introduction of histamine-2 blockers and proton pump ...
Giladi Aviram M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Although numerous studies have investigated long-term outcomes after surgical treatment of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow with simple decompression, no study has evaluated the trend of postoperative recovery. The authors assessed timing of recovery after simple decompression for ulnar neuropathy at the elbow. METHODS:: The five-center Surgery of the ...
Lee S H - - 2013
RUNX3 is silenced by histone modification and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α is stabilized under hypoxia, but little is known of cross-talk between RUNX3 and HIF-1α under hypoxia. In the present study, the authors investigated the effect of RUNX3 on HIF-1α stability in gastric cancer cells. RUNX3 overexpression was found to downregulate ...
Kelly Joseph T - - 2013
/st> The existence of an association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease has been proposed by investigators in several clinical studies and further confirmed by the results of several systematic reviews. The aim of the authors' study was to assess the quality of published systematic reviews focused on the association between ...
Hazani Ron - - 2013
: Alloplastic chin augmentation requires the surgeon to predict the location of the mental foramen and the origin of the mentalis muscle to avoid the postoperative sequelae lower lip parasthesia, lower lip incompetence, or chin ptosis. The authors define a safe zone of dissection along the inferior border of the ...
Ha Kelli Y - - 2013
Lymphoma is a rare neoplasm in the breast. In this location, it may be primary or secondary, depending on whether there is lymphoma elsewhere in the body. The most common presentation of breast lymphoma is a painless palpable mass, indistinguishable from that of breast carcinoma, although the treatment regimens for ...
Heckmann Doreen - - 2013
Signaling through stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α), strongly secreted by bone marrow stromal cells and the CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) exposed on tumor cells has pivotal roles in proliferation, metastasis, and tumor cell "dormancy." Dormancy is associated with cytostatic drug resistance and is probably a property of tumor stem cells ...
Henseler J F - - 2013
Cranial translation of the humeral head is related to massive rotator cuff tears; however, it may be unapparent in early-stage tears. The goal of this study was to investigate whether active abduction leads to increased active cranial humeral translation in early-stage tears. We assessed 20 consecutive patients (9 full-thickness supraspinatus ...
Mercadante Sebastiano - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this exploratory study was to assess the conversion ratios between tapentadol and other opioids in patients requiring an opioid switching. Methods: A prospective study was carried out in a convenience sample of consecutive patients admitted to an acute palliative care unit and a home care ...
Sen Ramesh-K - - 2013
Objective: To define the preoperative and intraoperative variables which may affect the immediate postoperative outcome in surgically managed patients with unstable pelvic fractures. Methods: This study was performed prospectively from January 2009 to June 2011 on 36 consecutive patients admitted to the trauma ward of Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education ...
Baron Todd H TH - - 2013
The use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for treating benign biliary strictures has become the standard of practice, with surgery and percutaneous therapy reserved for selected patients. The gold-standard endoscopic therapy is dilation of the stricture followed by placing and exchanging progressively larger and more numerable plastic stents over a 1-year ...
Zandieh Stephanie O - - 2013
: The role of adenotonsillectomy in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in patients with craniosynostosis is not well established. : A retrospective review was conducted of all children with syndromic craniosynostosis (Apert, Crouzon, and Pfeiffer syndromes) seen at Boston Children's Hospital from January 2001 through April 2011. The primary ...
Kerl Katrin - - 2013
: For the evaluation of data generated by multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we present here a synergistic approach that integrates the 3 most commonly used numerical algorithms in conjunction with 2 newly devised graphic tools for data visualization, namely "signal curves" and "rhombic heat maps." These two graphic ...
Raijman Isaac - - 2013
Miniature endoscopes that can be introduced into the bile duct through the duodenoscope during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were developed to allow nonsurgical management of difficult biliary stones. The direct visualization enabled by these cholangioscopes of the biliary epithelium provides additional data in the assessment of biliary strictures. Cholangioscopy allows assessment ...
Hancocks Stephen - - 2013
We have to be cautious about the safety to both individual and environmental health of all materials that we use and advocate.
Waljee Jennifer F - - 2013
SUMMARY:: Surgeons are at risk for injury in the operating room daily. Because of the ubiquity of occupational hazards, injuries remain prevalent and expensive. Although occupational hazards can include musculoskeletal conditions, psychosocial stress, radiation exposure, and the risk of communicable diseases, sharps injuries remain the most common among surgeons in ...
Persichetti Paolo - - 2013
: In the last decade, an increase in complications related to dermal filler injections has been reported, especially in patients who underwent multiple treatments with different products. Imaging or histological examinations may suggest what kind of substance was used, but none can precisely identify the biomaterial. The aim of this ...
Roberts William C - - 2013
Although it varies from center to center, the frequency of temporal artery biopsy in patients suspected of having temporal arteritis (TA) is relatively small. Most commonly, patients suspected of having TA are placed on prednisone for varying periods of time, and if symptoms disappear or lessen the diagnosis is made. ...
Bakman Yan G - - 2013
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography allows intervention for a variety of diseases of the biliary tract. Cannulation of the bile duct is the prerequisite step for biliary intervention. Although obtaining biliary access is straightforward in many cases, it can occasionally be challenging. Multiple devices, all with additional wire-guided techniques, have been developed ...
Popovici Ioana - - 2013
Using panel data from Waves 1 and 2 of the NESARC, we estimate gender-specific effects of changes in employment status on overall alcohol consumption, binge drinking episodes, and a diagnosis of alcohol abuse and/or dependence. We employ various fixed-effects models to address potential bias from unobserved and time-invariant individual heterogeneity. ...
Di Bisceglie Cataldo - - 2013
Pretherapy sperm cryopreservation in young men is currently included in good clinical practice guidelines for cancer patients. The aim of this paper is to outline the effects of different oncological treatments on semen quality in patients with testicular neoplasia or lymphoproliferative disorders, based on an 8-year experience of the Cryopreservation ...
Chen Liang-Yu - - 2013
To evaluate the risk and protective factors for functional decline of veteran home residents in Taiwan to develop disability prevention programs in long term care settings. A prospective cohort study. Two veteran homes in Taiwan. A total of 1045 residents of veteran homes. None. Minimum data set (MDS), resident assessment protocols ...
Momeni Arash - - 2013
: Systematic reviews constitute the top of the "level-of-evidence pyramid." Despite their strengths, they have been found to be of varying quality, thus raising concerns about their validity and role in influencing clinical practice. In the present study, a quality analysis of systematic reviews with a focus on hand surgery ...
Vyas Raj M - - 2013
: Many health organizations sponsor overseas surgical outreach initiatives, yet none has published a standardized protocol to prevent and manage unforeseen emergencies. Surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurses, and administrators-working together on a brief overseas humanitarian initiative-benefit from education and training to maximize their collective emergency responsiveness. This article outlines the emergency response ...
Echigo Tadashi - - 2013
Vertebral artery dissection(VAD)presenting as isolated occipital headache and/or neck pain is being increasingly diagnosed because of the development of magnetic resonance imaging(MRI). While a majority of the patients diagnosed with this condition shows a favorable prognosis, the pain may be a predictor of fatal stroke in some patients. We aimed ...
Mantas Alexander Michael - - 2013
Here we describe a case of a 22-year-old woman who presented with acute liver failure and Kayser-Fleischer rings suggesting the diagnosis of Wilson's disease.
Goodale Gregg - - 2013
Mental health courts (MHCs) are a popular type of problem-solving court, and there is ample evidence that they reduce recidivism and increase participation in community-based treatment. The authors summarize evidence for the effectiveness of MHCs and present findings from a study in which they identified and characterized 346 adult and ...
Harkrider Lauren N - - 2013
This study examined how ethical case study content and the process for working through case material influenced training effectiveness. Specifically, the effects of behavioral modeling content and the use of forecasting prompt questions on knowledge acquisition and transfer were tested. Graduate students participating in a case-based ethics training course read ...
Roberts Edward - - 2013
Introduction: The sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)-driven signaling regulates fundamental biological functions, including cell proliferation, angiogenesis, endothelial cell chemotaxis, immune cell trafficking and mitogenesis. A large body of research has been focusing on the development of immunosuppressive S1P1 receptor (S1P1-R) agonist molecules. The S1P1,3 - 5-R pan-agonist fingolimod (FTY720) has been approved by ...
Balmadrid Bryan - - 2013
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a therapeutic procedure with the potential for a variety of adverse events, including acute pancreatitis, perforation, bleeding, and cardiopulmonary complications, which are well-established risk factors. It has become standard that patients undergoing ERCP are carefully selected based on appropriate indications. Once an ERCP is undertaken, ...
Migliorati Cesar A - - 2013
/st> Tooth extraction in patients exposed to bisphosphonates (BPs) is considered a risk factor for osteonecrosis. The authors evaluated the time to mucosal healing and frequency of osteonecrosis after tooth extraction in participants exposed to BPs. /st> The authors compared wound healing after tooth extraction in participants exposed to BPs ...
Zarghouni Mehrzad - - 2013
Otalgia is a common complaint seen by general practitioners, but its etiology is vast. Rarely, otalgia could be secondary to a neoplasm. We describe a case of otalgia and ear discharge in which the imaging revealed a rare neoplasm, an endolymphatic sac tumor, which contributed to the patient's symptoms. The ...
Tavakoli-Ardakani M - - 2013
Malnutrition in patients undergoing hematopoietic SCT is known as a risk factor for adverse effects and is directly or indirectly responsible for excess mortality and morbidity. We designed the present study to evaluate the effects of individualized parenteral nutrition (PN) and compare the present method to the conventional PN. Individualized ...
Park Eun Ji - - 2013
Antipsychotic drugs have been used to treat patients with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. Long-acting injectable antipsychotic drugs are useful for improving medication compliance with a better therapeutic option to treat patients who lack insight or adhere poorly to oral medication. Several long-acting injectable antipsychotic drugs are clinically available. Haloperidol ...
Manfredini Daniele - - 2013
/st> The authors conducted a study in patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis to assess whether treatment-related changes in pain levels and chewing ability coincide with a change in jaw kinesiographic (KG) parameters. /st> The authors selected 34 patients with a diagnosis of TMJ osteoarthritis that met Research Diagnostic Criteria ...
Alajlani Mohannad - - 2013
Abstract We investigated issues that affect the use and adoption of telemedicine in Middle Eastern countries, taking the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Syrian Arab Republic as case studies. Our study is based on interviews with key stakeholders (including doctors, technicians, engineers, and decision makers) and questionnaires administered to ...
Yamashita Alex Shimura - - 2013
Mutually exclusive genetic alterations in the RET, RAS, or BRAF genes, which result in constitutively active mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, are present in about 70% of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). However, the effect of MAPK activation on other signaling pathways involved in oncogenic transformation, such as Notch, remains unclear. ...
Etienne Thibaud - - 2013
We present a Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory computation of the absorption spectra of one β-carboline system: the harmane molecule in its neutral and cationic forms. The spectra are computed in aqueous solution. The interaction of cationic harmane with DNA is also studied. In particular the use of hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular ...
Leung Wesley D - - 2013
Since its original description by Oddi in 1887, the sphincter of Oddi has been the subject of much study. Furthermore, the clinical syndrome of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) and its therapy are controversial areas. Nevertheless, SOD is commonly diagnosed and treated by physicians. This article reviews the epidemiology, clinical ...
Twardowski Zbylut J - - 2013
All progress in dialysis methods was made in research presented in case reports, case-control studies and other observational studies. On the contrary, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) did not bring any valuable results. Comparison of the value of peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis (HD) in RCTs was not completed because of recruitment ...
George Jim - - 2013
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown etiology characterized by granuloma formation. Despite pulmonary involvement in most patients, sarcoidosis can have a varied presentation. Lymph node involvement is rarely found in isolation. Even rarer are cases of sarcoidosis presenting with peripheral edema. We describe a case of sarcoidosis presenting with ...
Riveiro-Falkenbach Erica - - 2013
: CD30 is a transmembrane glycoprotein molecule usually expressed in activated B and T cells. Although it has been considered a reliable marker for CD30 lymphomas, reactive inflammatory disorders may contain a significant number of CD30 cells mimicking lymphoproliferative disorders clinically or histologically. Intravascular lymphoma is a rare variant of ...
Seruya Mitchel - - 2013
: Intensive care unit admission following fronto-orbital advancement for craniosynostosis is routine at most institutions. The authors determined the frequency of postoperative events requiring intensive care unit care that justify this practice. : Infants with craniosynostosis who underwent primary fronto-orbital advancement at a single institution from 1997 to 2011 were ...
Lindsey Sara S - - 2013
Debate persists regarding the merit of vertebroplasty following publication of blinded vertebroplasty trials in 2009, one of which was the Investigational Vertebroplasty Efficacy and Safety Trial (INVEST). This study was performed to determine whether referring physicians at two academic medical centers were aware of the trial results and to assess ...
Hu Ziye - - 2013
Anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) bacteria convert ammonium to N2 with nitrite as the terminal electron acceptor in the absence of O2. Nitritation-anammox bioreactors provide a cost-effective and environment-friendly alternative to conventional nitrification/denitrification nitrogen removal systems. Currently, this process is only applied for ammonium removal from wastewater with high ammonium load and ...
Hakky Tariq S - - 2013
The intricate anatomy of the corpus cavernosum in both the flaccid and tumescent state has not been fully elucidated. We report our experience using a three-dimensional (3D) scanner to reconstruct cadaveric casts and compare them with 3D images of two prototypes of penile prosthesis. Two different models of the Titan ...
Swee Jerry - - 2013
/st> Children often receive inferior alveolar nerve blocks (IANBs) when their third molars are just beginning to develop. The location of the third-molar follicle is close to where the needle penetrates during an IANB. The authors examined the possible association between IANBs and missing third molars. /st> The authors examined ...
Zomerlei Terri A - - 2013
: Upper arm deformities secondary to massive weight loss or senile elastosis have led to an increased demand for aesthetic contouring procedures such as brachioplasty. : The records of all patients who underwent a brachioplasty procedure from a multipractice medical center were reviewed. Outcomes measured included patient demographics, operative interventions, ...
Van Vrancken Michael J - - 2013
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a serious complication following solid organ as well as hematopoietic stem cell transplantation due to prolonged immunosuppressive therapy. Plasmablastic lymphoma, although classically associated with HIV infection, has since been described in transplant patients as a variant of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder with varying clinical presentations. Here we ...
Kuger Sebastian - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that the dual phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/mTOR) inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 radiosensitizes tumor cells if added shortly before ionizing radiation (IR) and kept in culture medium thereafter. The present study explores the impact of inhibitor and IR schedule on the radiosensitizing ability of NVP-BEZ235 in four ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >