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Akhavan Alireza - - 2013
In recent years, bean common bacterial blight (CBB) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (Xap) has caused serious yield losses in several countries. CBB is considered mainly a foliar disease in which symptoms initially appear as small water-soaked spots that then enlarge and become necrotic and usually bordered by a ...
Ling Victoria Yee-May - - 2013
Interferon alpha (IFNα) has immune stimulatory actions implicated in its pulmonary toxicities. We describe deterioration of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) associated with IFNα treatment for chronic hepatitis C in a 58 year old woman culminating in a fatal suspected acute exacerbation of IPF (AE-IPF). Caution should be exercised in the use ...
Agostinho Americo - - 2013
Wards cohorting infected orthopaedic patients may be particularly prone to transmitting extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E). We analyze their epidemic pattern by performing molecular typing of ESBL-E isolated from patients and healthcare workers (HCW) from our septic ward. Between March 2010 and November 2011, 186 patients were admitted. Among 565 anal ...
Gholipourkanani Hosna - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the level of anesthesia attained in Carassius auratus using a propofol bath administration and using values of haematological profile of blood and examinations, to assess the effects of the fish exposure to that anaesthetic. Acute toxicity values of propofol for gold fish ...
Magaia Telma - - 2013
The harvesting, utilization and marketing of indigenous fruits and nuts have been central to the livelihoods of the majority of rural communities in African countries. In this study we report on the content of dietary fiber, minerals and selected organic acids in the pulps and kernels of the wild fruits ...
Sonawane Ganesh G - - 2013
A quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay employing IS900 gene specific primers of Mycobacterium avium subsp. parartuberculosis (MAP) was compared with conventional PCR, bacterial culture and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 38 sheep showing granulomatous enteritis and lymphadenitis with and without demonstration of acid-fast bacilli (AFB). The lesions were classified as multibacillary ...
Ospina Luis - - 2013
Microarray experiments are often conducted in order to compare gene expression between two conditions. Tests to detected mean differential expression of genes between conditions are conducted applying correction for multiple testing. Seldom, relationships between gene expression and microarray conditions are investigated in a multivariate approach. Here we propose determining the ...
Burnett David - - 2013
Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) has been used to assess risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and low VO2max has recently been associated with increased mortality from breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of breast cancer survivors with 2 or more risk factors ...
Holley Aaron B - - 2013
US soldiers suffer catastrophic injuries during combat. We sought to define risk factors and rates for VTE in this population. We gathered data each hospital day on all patients injured in Afghanistan or Iraq who were admitted to the Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC). We analyzed prophylaxis rates and ...
West-Oram Peter P Department of Philosophy, The University of Birmingham, UK. - - 2013
The recent confirmation of the constitutionality of the Obama administration's Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) by the US Supreme Court has brought to the fore long-standing debates over individual liberty and religious freedom. Advocates of personal liberty are often critical, particularly in the USA, of public health measures ...
Dransfield Mark T - - 2013
Cigarette smoke and smoking-induced inflammation decrease cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) activity and mucociliary transport in the nasal airway and cultured bronchial epithelial cells. This raises the possibility that lower airway CFTR dysfunction may contribute to the pathophysiology of COPD. We compared lower airway CFTR activity in current and ...
Chen Xiao-Chun - - 2013
Two pairs of 1: 2 neutral trans mononuclear transition-metal (M = Ni(II) and Cu(II)) complexes of pyridine-2,4-dione and quinoline-2,4-dione based heterocyclic dyes have been structurally and spectrally characterized and compared herein. X-ray single-crystal diffraction analyses of four complexes, namely trans-[Ni(La)2(DMF)2] (1), trans-[Cu(La)2(DMF)2] (2), trans-[Ni(Lb)2(DMF)2] (3) and trans-[Cu(Lb)2(DMF)2] (4), reveal that ...
Jiang Jiaxun - - 2013
A novel oxalic amide-linked bisporphyrinate 1has been designed and synthesized, which shows chiral recognition ability for amino acid ethyl esters. The structure of complex 1·(D-Phe-OEt)(L-Phe-OEt) has been solved by X-ray crystallography. It reveals the following information: bisporphyrin unit adopts anti-configuration; compound 1forms 1: 2 complex with amino acid ethyl esters; ...
Lioutas Vasileios-Arsenios - - 2013
Stroke is the leading cause of disability and the third leading cause of death in the USA. Ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes must be distinguished since treatment is quite different. Ischemic strokes account for 80 % of the total and recent advances in management of brain ischemia have added valuable options to ...
Clark Brendan J - - 2013
The effects of excess alcohol consumption (alcohol misuse) on outcomes in patients with acute lung injury have been inconsistent, and there are no studies examining this association in the era of low tidal volume ventilation and a fluid conservative strategy. We sought to determine whether validated scores on the Alcohol ...
Mastropasqua Leonardo L Department of Medicine and Ageing Sciences, Ophthalmology Clinic, University G. D'Annunzio of Chieti and Pescara, Pescara, - - 2013
In vivo analysis of corneal modifications after traditional and transepithelial corneal cross-linking (CXL). Forty eyes of 35 patients underwent traditional or transepithelial CXL; there was randomization of 20 eyes to each group. By means of in vivo confocal microscopy and anterior segment ocular coherence tomography, we evaluated corneal alterations at ...
Field Thalia S TS Division of Neurology, (Department of Medicine), Vancouver Stroke Program, Brain Research Center, University of British Columbia, S169-2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 2B5, Canada, - - 2013
Though antiplatelet agents are the mainstay of antithrombotic therapy for secondary prevention of noncardioembolic cerebral ischemic events, the efficacy of combination aspirin and clopidogrel has yet to be clarified by clinical trials. Current evidence suggests that there is no role for long-term combination of aspirin/clopidogrel for secondary stroke prevention. Recent ...
Linton David - - 2013
This systematic review examines treatment guidelines, efficacy/effectiveness, and tolerability regarding the use of antipsychotics concurrently with psychostimulants in treating aggression and hyperactivity in children and adolescents. Articles examining the concurrent use of antipsychotics and psychostimulants to treat comorbid attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) were identified and ...
Crotti Caroline - - 2013
To evaluate the influence of wavelength on penetration depth and quality of femtosecond laser corneal incisions in view of optimizing procedures in corneal surgery assisted by ultrashort pulse lasers. We performed penetrating and lamellar incisions on eye bank corneas using several ultrashort pulse laser sources. Several wavelengths within the near-infrared ...
Golan Shani - - 2013
To our knowledge, this is the first study to describe the correlation of anterior chamber bleeding after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) and antiplatelet therapy. To determine the incidence and amount of anterior chamber bleeding after laser peripheral iridotomy in patients whose condition is suggestive of primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACS) who ...
Matsumura Yoshitaka Y Department of Physics, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata, 573-1010, - - 2013
A growing list of proteins, including the β-sheet-rich SH3 domain, is known to transiently populate a compact α-helical intermediate before settling into the native structure. Examples have been discovered in cryogenic solvent as well as by pressure jumps. Earlier studies of λ repressor mutants showed that transient states with excess ...
Hethcox J Caleb - - 2013
A diastereoselective conjugate addition of a variety of monoorganocuprates, Li[RCuI], to chiral fumarates to provide funtionalized succinates has been developed. The utility of this reaction is demonstrated in a concise total synthesis of (-)-dihydroprotolichesterenic acid that required only four steps and proceeded in an overall 31% yield.
Liu Kai - - 2013
A concise and one-pot cascade method has been developed to achieve the synthesis of difluoroboron-derivatized curcumins (BF2C). Treatment of 2,4-pentanedione with BF3·OEt2, followed by condensation with aldehydes in the presence of tributyl borate and butylamine at 65 °C in toluene furnished the corresponding symmetric (s-BF2C) and unsymmetric difluoroboron-derivatized curcumins (us-BF2C) ...
Mahon Suzanne M - - 2013
Genetic testing for hereditary cancer syndromes is becoming increasingly more common. Once a mutation is detected in a family, other family members can undergo single-site mutation testing to determine if they have inherited the increased risk for developing cancer, with the intent of providing tailored and appropriate cancer prevention and ...
Mlika Mona - - 2013
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a challenging diagnosis characterized by the absence of real specific diagnostic markers. Positivity with the galectin-3 antibody was assessed by a cytoplasmic expression in 17 MPM. Fourteen cases expressed the galectin-3 antibody. The three negative cases consisted of epithelioid, biphasic, and sarcomatoid MPM. The 14 ...
Perazella Mark A - - 2013
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) promote hypomagnesemia through loss of active Mg(2+) absorption via transient receptor potential melastatin-6 and -7 (TRPM6/7). Danziger et al. confirm the association of PPIs with hypomagnesemia in patients hospitalized at a tertiary medical center. They found that patients taking PPIs, compared with those receiving histamine-2 antagonists ...
Bleiberg Efrain - - 2013
In this article, the process of mentalizing, its components, and role in self-regulation and attachment are reviewed. An examination is presented of the neurodevelopmental changes affecting the adolescent's capacity to mentalize and the role of such compromised mentalizing in the adolescent's vulnerability to adaptive breakdown and psychopathology, in general, and ...
Ellis James W - - 2013
Abstract Intellectual disability (ID) is differently yet validly described by different professions. Legal professionals find it most useful to consider ID as a disability rather than a disorder. Because the law regulates the actions of individuals in a society and the actions of society on an individual, the law's concern ...
Martinez-Pereira Malcon Andrei - - 2013
We describe the morphology and innervation of the midgut and hindgut of the giant land snail Megalobulimus abbreviatus for the first time. The midgut (stomach and intestine) and hindgut (rectum and anus) are innervated by the subesophageal ganglia, through the gastrointestinal branch (originated from the visceral nerve) and the rectum-anal ...
Castilho Adriana Lígia de - - 2013
Enterococcus faecalis is an important pathogen associated with endodontic diseases, and its elimination and control are of paramount importance, as it represents one of the major causes of failure in the treatment of endodontic disease. Twenty-five plant extracts obtained from Brazilian forests were found to be effective against planktonic E. ...
Guanqun Chao - - 2013
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a systemic malignancy of plasma cells often characterized by sternal, rib, or back pain. This article describes how a patient who had chest pain for more than one month was mistakenly diagnosed with reflux esophagitis. Healthcare providers should be mindful of MM when determining the source ...
Parker Robert I - - 2013
Bleeding in patients in pediatric intensive care units is associated with an increased risk of mortality. Fortunately, most patients with an abnormal coagulation profile do not bleed because this is generally secondary to liver disease or dietary-induced vitamin K deficiency. When the laboratory markers of coagulopathy are the result of ...
Langer Jakob - - 2013
Effective glycemic control can reduce the risk of serious micro- and macrovascular complications in type 2 diabetes. However, many patients fail to reach glycemic targets due partly to low efficacy and adverse effects of treatment such as hypoglycemia or weight gain. To evaluate the short-term cost-effectiveness of liraglutide versus sitagliptin, ...
Yopp Justin Michael - - 2013
Men who are raising dependent children after their spouses or partners have died from cancer face unique challenges adjusting to single parenthood while managing their grief and the grief of their children. Unfortunately, the needs of those widowers have been overlooked in the clinical literature and no published interventions are ...
Sreekumar Anuradha - - 2013
Enzyme immunoassay for lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] using antibodies to both apoB and apo(a) subunits (a-B assay) is shown to be affected by differential masking of apoB by apo(a) and the presence of LDL-Lp(a) adducts. An apoB-independent immunoassay by capturing Lp(a) through its O-glycans on microplate-coated lectin jacalin and quantitation using peroxidase-labeled ...
Ferguson Heather - - 2013
Lymphedema is a chronic medical condition that results in the swelling of any part or parts of the body when the lymphatic vessels or lymph nodes are damaged or inadequate. In the United States, cancer treatments (e.g., surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy) are the leading cause of secondary lymphedema. Oncology nurses ...
Biswas Debdut - - 2013
Radioscapholunate arthrodesis is performed for patients who experience pain and disability from radiocarpal arthritis. Initial reports from the 1980s demonstrated high nonunion rates and marginal clinical outcomes. Improvements in surgical technique and clearly defined indications have reduced nonunion rates and improved patient satisfaction. We present a technique using headless compression ...
Romão Elen A - - 2013
Fabry disease is an X-linked inborn error of metabolism, which is caused by the deficiency of α-galactosidase A, leading to progressive accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids and a-galactosyl breakdown products in most body fluids and several tissues, resulting in the clinical manifestations. The onset of Fabry disease symptoms in females is ...
Migdal Lori - - 2013
Koenig (J Nerv Ment Dis 196:349-355, 2008) and others have asserted that measures of spirituality used to investigate its association with health seem to present a misleading picture of the relationship because of evidence suggesting that spirituality has become conceptually confounded with well-being. To evaluate this claim, the present study ...
Gelenberg Alan J - - 2013
The incidence of treatment-emergent sexual dysfunction in the acute and continuation phases of the prevention of recurrent episodes of depression with venlafaxine ER for two years (PREVENT) study was assessed. Adult outpatients with recurrent major depressive disorder were randomly assigned to receive venlafaxine extended release (ER; 75-300 mg/day) or fluoxetine ...
Willheim Erica - - 2013
This article briefly reviews the historical and empiric foundations of dyadic psychotherapy, highlighting the evolution of the central tenet that very young children exist in a relational context. The target of therapeutic intervention must therefore be the caregiver-child relationship. General features of dyadic psychotherapy are discussed, as well as aspects ...
Balzan Ryan P - - 2013
It has recently been proposed that individuals with delusions may be hypersalient to evidence-hypothesis matches, which may contribute to the formation and the maintenance of delusions. However, empirical support for the construct is limited. Using cognitive tasks designed to elicit the illusory correlation bias (i.e., perception of a correlation in ...
Li Mingzheng - - 2013
The four major Chinese carps are commercially important fish species with high production in China. However, their recruitment decreased sharply in the Yangtze River since the late 20(th) century. In the present study, to reveal the relationships between spawning activities of the four species and environmental factors, drifting eggs were ...
Tang Hon-Lok - - 2013
Mercury is a known cause of nephrotic syndrome and the underlying renal pathology in most of the reported cases was membranous nephropathy. We describe here 4 cases of minimal change disease following exposure to mercury-containing skin lightening cream for 2 - 6 months. The mercury content of the facial creams ...
Zasloff Michael - - 2013
Antibacterial peptides and proteins maintain the sterility of the human urinary tract. A broad-spectrum antimicrobial protein, ribonuclease 7 (RNase 7), previously discovered to play a role in controlling the growth of bacteria on human skin, has now been shown to have an important antibacterial function in the human urinary tract.
Kaplan Marcelle - - 2013
Cancer intervention strategies have been increasingly focused on developing therapies that are personalized and tailored to each individual's unique genetic profile. Evolving understanding of the metabolism and pharmacogenomics of tamoxifen, an early example of targeted therapy for women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, has created decision-making challenges for healthcare providers ...
Peters Kenneth M - - 2013
To examine the outcomes in patients with and without a comorbid neurologic diagnosis (ND) or neurogenic bladder dysfunction after a staged neuromodulation procedure for refractory bladder symptoms. Patients enrolled in our prospective neuromodulation database study were grouped according to the presence of a coexisting ND. The implantable pulse generator implant rates ...
Kogan Alexander E - - 2013
Adiponectin (Adn) is a protein that circulates in the blood in several oligomeric forms, namely low-, medium-, and high-molecular-weight forms. Adn may serve as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aims of this work were (1) to produce monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific to different Adn oligomeric ...
Nascimento Alessandra Cardoso da Silva - - 2013
It has been suggested that the epoxy paint used to coat metal substrates in industrial electrostatic painting applications could also be used to mask metal clasps in removable dental prostheses (RDP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate both the influence of thermal cycling and the in vitro roughness ...
Kawashima Soko - - 2013
Myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA)- associated glomerulonephritis (GN) is characterized by pauci-immune necrotizing glomerulonephritis(NGN). Although it has been thought that MPO-ANCA is involved in the pathogenesis of capillary injuries in NGN via activation of neutrophils, recent studies suggest a possible role of other factors such as immunoglobulins precipitated on the ...
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