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Akhavan Alireza - - 2013
In recent years, bean common bacterial blight (CBB) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (Xap) has caused serious yield losses in several countries. CBB is considered mainly a foliar disease in which symptoms initially appear as small water-soaked spots that then enlarge and become necrotic and usually bordered by a ...
Ling Victoria Yee-May - - 2013
Interferon alpha (IFNα) has immune stimulatory actions implicated in its pulmonary toxicities. We describe deterioration of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) associated with IFNα treatment for chronic hepatitis C in a 58 year old woman culminating in a fatal suspected acute exacerbation of IPF (AE-IPF). Caution should be exercised in the use ...
Agostinho Americo - - 2013
Wards cohorting infected orthopaedic patients may be particularly prone to transmitting extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E). We analyze their epidemic pattern by performing molecular typing of ESBL-E isolated from patients and healthcare workers (HCW) from our septic ward. Between March 2010 and November 2011, 186 patients were admitted. Among 565 anal ...
Gholipourkanani Hosna - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the level of anesthesia attained in Carassius auratus using a propofol bath administration and using values of haematological profile of blood and examinations, to assess the effects of the fish exposure to that anaesthetic. Acute toxicity values of propofol for gold fish ...
Magaia Telma - - 2013
The harvesting, utilization and marketing of indigenous fruits and nuts have been central to the livelihoods of the majority of rural communities in African countries. In this study we report on the content of dietary fiber, minerals and selected organic acids in the pulps and kernels of the wild fruits ...
Sonawane Ganesh G - - 2013
A quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay employing IS900 gene specific primers of Mycobacterium avium subsp. parartuberculosis (MAP) was compared with conventional PCR, bacterial culture and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 38 sheep showing granulomatous enteritis and lymphadenitis with and without demonstration of acid-fast bacilli (AFB). The lesions were classified as multibacillary ...
Ospina Luis - - 2013
Microarray experiments are often conducted in order to compare gene expression between two conditions. Tests to detected mean differential expression of genes between conditions are conducted applying correction for multiple testing. Seldom, relationships between gene expression and microarray conditions are investigated in a multivariate approach. Here we propose determining the ...
Burnett David - - 2013
Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) has been used to assess risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and low VO2max has recently been associated with increased mortality from breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of breast cancer survivors with 2 or more risk factors ...
Hansen Erik E The Rothman Institute of Orthopaedics at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 925 Chestnut Street, 5th Floor, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, - - 2013
Persistent wound drainage after hip arthroplasty is a risk factor for periprosthetic infection. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been used in other fields for wound management although it is unclear whether the technique is appropriate for total hip arthroplasty. We determined (1) the rate of wound complications related to ...
Durand David D From the *Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Alexander von Humboldt," Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú; †University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX; ‡Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú; §Departamento de Microbiología Molecular, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México; and ¶Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), Barcelona, - - 2013
Some enteropathogens use the type III secretion system to secrete proteins that allows them to interact with enterocytes and promote bacterial attachment or intracellular survival. These proteins are Salmonella invasion proteins (Sip), invasion plasmid antigens (Ipa) of Shigella and Escherichia coli secreted proteins (Esp) of enteropathogenic E. coli. There are ...
Holley Aaron B - - 2013
US soldiers suffer catastrophic injuries during combat. We sought to define risk factors and rates for VTE in this population. We gathered data each hospital day on all patients injured in Afghanistan or Iraq who were admitted to the Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC). We analyzed prophylaxis rates and ...
West-Oram Peter P Department of Philosophy, The University of Birmingham, UK. - - 2013
The recent confirmation of the constitutionality of the Obama administration's Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) by the US Supreme Court has brought to the fore long-standing debates over individual liberty and religious freedom. Advocates of personal liberty are often critical, particularly in the USA, of public health measures ...
Abdelgawad Amr A AA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 4800 Alberta Avenue, El Paso, TX 79905-2700, USA. - - 2013
Complex, high-energy pediatric femur diaphyseal fractures cannot be treated reliably by conventional methods: casting is not suitable for polytrauma and large children, external fixation is associated with a high rate of malalignment and refractures, elastic nails are unsuitable for unstable fractures and metaphyseal areas, and lateral trochanteric entry rigid nails ...
Zafar Hanna M HM Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
Although the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) denied coverage for screening computed tomography colonography (CTC) in March 2009, little is understood about whether CTC was targeted to the appropriate patient population prior to this decision. Evaluate patient characteristics and known relative clinical indications for screening CTC among patients ...
Mokhlesi Babak - - 2013
Systematic screening and treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in presurgical patients would impose a significant cost burden; therefore, it is important to understand whether SDB is associated with worse postoperative outcomes. We sought to determine the impact of SDB on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing ...
Keck Katie M KM Department of Ophthalmology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, - - 2013
To examine vascular tortuosity as a function of distance from the optic disk in infants with retinopathy of prematurity. Thirty-four wide-angle retinal images from infants with retinopathy of prematurity were reviewed by 22 experts. A reference standard for each image was defined as the diagnosis (plus vs. not plus) given ...
Bolton Michael M From the Department of Pediatrics, Division of *Infectious Diseases and †Biostatistics Core, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, - - 2013
Among hospitalized children with parapharyngeal or retropharyngeal infection, multivariate analysis was performed for the outcomes: successful treatment with antibiotics alone, absence of complications and length of stay less than 3 days. Those with apparent abscess on computed tomography scan had a lower probability of treatment with antimicrobials alone while older ...
Dransfield Mark T - - 2013
Cigarette smoke and smoking-induced inflammation decrease cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) activity and mucociliary transport in the nasal airway and cultured bronchial epithelial cells. This raises the possibility that lower airway CFTR dysfunction may contribute to the pathophysiology of COPD. We compared lower airway CFTR activity in current and ...
Stein Joshua D JD Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA. - - 2013
To assess interest among members of the general public in laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery and how levels of interest in this procedure have changed over time in the United States and other countries. Using the Google Trends Web site, we determined the weekly frequency of queries involving the ...
Hahn Paul P Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2013
The authors have recently developed a high-resolution microscope-integrated spectral domain optical coherence tomography (MIOCT) device designed to enable OCT acquisition simultaneous with surgical maneuvers. The purpose of this report is to describe translation of this device from preclinical testing into human intraoperative imaging. Before human imaging, surgical conditions were fully ...
Hadj-Moussa Miriam M Section of Urology, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, Georgia, - - 2013
We assessed whether high shock number is associated with higher rates of acute complication development after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL). A retrospective chart review of 372 patients who underwent 436 SWL procedures at 24 kV using a Medstone STS-T lithotripter (Medstone International Inc., Aliso Viejo, CA) was conducted. Complications occurred within ...
Chen Xiao-Chun - - 2013
Two pairs of 1: 2 neutral trans mononuclear transition-metal (M = Ni(II) and Cu(II)) complexes of pyridine-2,4-dione and quinoline-2,4-dione based heterocyclic dyes have been structurally and spectrally characterized and compared herein. X-ray single-crystal diffraction analyses of four complexes, namely trans-[Ni(La)2(DMF)2] (1), trans-[Cu(La)2(DMF)2] (2), trans-[Ni(Lb)2(DMF)2] (3) and trans-[Cu(Lb)2(DMF)2] (4), reveal that ...
Jiang Jiaxun - - 2013
A novel oxalic amide-linked bisporphyrinate 1has been designed and synthesized, which shows chiral recognition ability for amino acid ethyl esters. The structure of complex 1·(D-Phe-OEt)(L-Phe-OEt) has been solved by X-ray crystallography. It reveals the following information: bisporphyrin unit adopts anti-configuration; compound 1forms 1: 2 complex with amino acid ethyl esters; ...
Lioutas Vasileios-Arsenios - - 2013
Stroke is the leading cause of disability and the third leading cause of death in the USA. Ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes must be distinguished since treatment is quite different. Ischemic strokes account for 80 % of the total and recent advances in management of brain ischemia have added valuable options to ...
Mastropasqua Leonardo L Department of Medicine and Ageing Sciences, Ophthalmology Clinic, University G. D'Annunzio of Chieti and Pescara, Pescara, - - 2013
In vivo analysis of corneal modifications after traditional and transepithelial corneal cross-linking (CXL). Forty eyes of 35 patients underwent traditional or transepithelial CXL; there was randomization of 20 eyes to each group. By means of in vivo confocal microscopy and anterior segment ocular coherence tomography, we evaluated corneal alterations at ...
Field Thalia S TS Division of Neurology, (Department of Medicine), Vancouver Stroke Program, Brain Research Center, University of British Columbia, S169-2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 2B5, Canada, - - 2013
Though antiplatelet agents are the mainstay of antithrombotic therapy for secondary prevention of noncardioembolic cerebral ischemic events, the efficacy of combination aspirin and clopidogrel has yet to be clarified by clinical trials. Current evidence suggests that there is no role for long-term combination of aspirin/clopidogrel for secondary stroke prevention. Recent ...
Tang Maolong M Center for Ophthalmic Optics & Lasers, Casey Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, - - 2013
To evaluate the Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) graft deturgescence in preservation medium after microkeratome cut using Fourier domain optical coherence tomography. The central and peripheral thickness of DSAEK grafts was measured by Fourier domain optical coherence tomography immediately after microkeratome cuts and 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours ...
Alhadi Sameir S UCSF-Fresno Medical Center, Fresno, CA, - - 2013
In recent years, cases of severe adverse effects from recreational use of synthetic cannabinoids (SC) have established that these agents represent a novel toxicologic hazard. A 21-year-old male presenting as a vehicular trauma victim was noted with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates related to chronic inhalation of multiple synthetic cannabinoid-containing products. Chest ...
Clark Brendan J BJ Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, USA. - - 2013
The effects of excess alcohol consumption (alcohol misuse) on outcomes in patients with acute lung injury have been inconsistent, and there are no studies examining this association in the era of low tidal volume ventilation and a fluid conservative strategy. We sought to determine whether validated scores on the Alcohol ...
Kuo Caroline C Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University, 121 South Main Street, Box G-S121-Floor 4, Providence, RI, USA. - - 2013
There is growing evidence that mental health is a significant issue among families affected by AIDS-related parental deaths. The current study examined posttraumatic stress symptoms and identified risk factors among adults caring for AIDS-orphaned and other-orphaned children in an HIV-endemic South African community. A representative community sample of adults caring ...
Daver Naval N Department of Leukemia, University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Unit 0428, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
The outcomes in adult B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remain inferior to those achieved in pediatric populations. Targeted therapy with monoclonal antibodies may improve outcomes in adult B-cell ALL without significant additive toxicity. Rituximab is the best known monoclonal antibody and is routinely used in combination chemo-immunotherapy for treatment of ...
Widnes Sofia Frost SF Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Centre for Pharmacy, Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine teratogenic risk perceptions and confidence in the use of medicines in pairs of pregnant women and general practitioners (GPs) through assessments of medicines information texts from patient information leaflets (PILs). A questionnaire was handed out to women attending regular ultrasound examination in ...
Ou Shuching S Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, - - 2013
We investigate temperature-dependence of free energetics with two single halide anions, I(-) and Cl(-), crossing the aqueous liquid-vapor interface through molecular dynamics simulations. The result shows that I(-) has a modest surface stability of 0.5 kcal/mol at 300 K and the stability decreases as the temperature increases, indicating the surface ...
Linton David - - 2013
This systematic review examines treatment guidelines, efficacy/effectiveness, and tolerability regarding the use of antipsychotics concurrently with psychostimulants in treating aggression and hyperactivity in children and adolescents. Articles examining the concurrent use of antipsychotics and psychostimulants to treat comorbid attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) were identified and ...
Crotti Caroline - - 2013
To evaluate the influence of wavelength on penetration depth and quality of femtosecond laser corneal incisions in view of optimizing procedures in corneal surgery assisted by ultrashort pulse lasers. We performed penetrating and lamellar incisions on eye bank corneas using several ultrashort pulse laser sources. Several wavelengths within the near-infrared ...
Golan Shani - - 2013
To our knowledge, this is the first study to describe the correlation of anterior chamber bleeding after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) and antiplatelet therapy. To determine the incidence and amount of anterior chamber bleeding after laser peripheral iridotomy in patients whose condition is suggestive of primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACS) who ...
Ytterberg Charlotte C Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2013
To identify factors associated with increased likelihood of reporting a recent fall among people with multiple sclerosis. This study was exploratory in its intent to examine sense of coherence as a contextual influence on fall risk. The study also sought to confirm that variables previously identified as fall risk factors ...
Bagraith Karl S KS Occupational Therapy Department, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, 4072 Brisbane, Australia. - - 2013
To determine whether the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Low Back Pain Core Sets are sufficient to cover the activity and participation goals that patients prioritize when commencing multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Prospective multi-site cross-sectional questionnaire study. Patients with chronic low back pain attending multidisciplinary outpatient clinics at two ...
Budenz Donald L DL Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Department of Ophthalmology, Miami, FL, USA. - - 2013
Multiple studies have found an increased prevalence, younger age at onset, and more severe course of glaucoma in people of African descent, but these findings are based on studies conducted outside Africa. To determine the prevalence of glaucoma in an urban West African population of adults. A population-based, cross-sectional study ...
Buchheit Martin M ASPIRE, Football Performance & Science Department, Academy for Sports Excellence, Doha, Qatar. - - 2013
High-intensity interval training (HIT), in a variety of forms, is today one of the most effective means of improving cardiorespiratory and metabolic function and, in turn, the physical performance of athletes. HIT involves repeated short-to-long bouts of rather high-intensity exercise interspersed with recovery periods. For team and racquet sport players, ...
Matsumura Yoshitaka Y Department of Physics, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata, 573-1010, - - 2013
A growing list of proteins, including the β-sheet-rich SH3 domain, is known to transiently populate a compact α-helical intermediate before settling into the native structure. Examples have been discovered in cryogenic solvent as well as by pressure jumps. Earlier studies of λ repressor mutants showed that transient states with excess ...
Gao Feng F Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, United - - 2013
Redox magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) is a promising technique for developing new electrochemical-based microfluidic flow devices with unique capabilities, such as easily switching flow direction and adjusting flow speeds and flow patterns as well as avoiding bubble formation. However, a detailed description of all the forces involved and predicting flow patterns in ...
Hethcox J Caleb - - 2013
A diastereoselective conjugate addition of a variety of monoorganocuprates, Li[RCuI], to chiral fumarates to provide funtionalized succinates has been developed. The utility of this reaction is demonstrated in a concise total synthesis of (-)-dihydroprotolichesterenic acid that required only four steps and proceeded in an overall 31% yield.
Liu Kai - - 2013
A concise and one-pot cascade method has been developed to achieve the synthesis of difluoroboron-derivatized curcumins (BF2C). Treatment of 2,4-pentanedione with BF3·OEt2, followed by condensation with aldehydes in the presence of tributyl borate and butylamine at 65 °C in toluene furnished the corresponding symmetric (s-BF2C) and unsymmetric difluoroboron-derivatized curcumins (us-BF2C) ...
Massey Sylvain S Groupe en sciences des radiations, Faculté de médecine et des sciences de la santé, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke (QC) J1H 5N4, Canada. - - 2013
Reactions of (18)O2 with self-assembled monolayer (SAM) films of 1-dodecanethiol, 1-octadecanethiol, 1-butanethiol, and benzyl mercaptan chemisorbed on gold were studied by the electron stimulated desorption (ESD) of anionic fragments over the incident electron energy range 2-20 eV. Dosing the SAMs with (18)O2 at 50 K results in the ESD of ...
Woys Ann Marie AM Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53703, United - - 2013
A series of non-natural infrared probes is reported that consist of a metal-tricarbonyl modified with a -(CH2)n- linker and cysteine-specific leaving group. They can be site-specifically attached to proteins using mutagenesis and similar protocols for EPR spin labels, which have the same leaving group. We characterize the label's frequencies and ...
Nasrolahi Shirazi Amir A Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island 02881, United - - 2013
Phosphopeptides are valuable reagent probes for studying protein-protein and protein-ligand interactions. The cellular delivery of phosphopeptides is challenging because of the presence of the negatively charged phosphate group. The cellular uptake of a number of fluorescent-labeled phosphopeptides, including F'-GpYLPQTV, F'-NEpYTARQ, F'-AEEEIYGEFEAKKKK, F'-PEpYLGLD, F'-pYVNVQN-NH2, and F'-GpYEEI (F' = fluorescein), was evaluated ...
Ruiz Espelt Laura L Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2013
In marked contrast to the variety of strategies available for oxidation and nucleophilic functionalization of methylene groups adjacent to amines, relatively few approaches for modification of this position with electrophilic reaction partners have been reported. In the course of an investigation of the reactions of photogenerated α-amino radicals with electrophiles, ...
Mahon Suzanne M - - 2013
Genetic testing for hereditary cancer syndromes is becoming increasingly more common. Once a mutation is detected in a family, other family members can undergo single-site mutation testing to determine if they have inherited the increased risk for developing cancer, with the intent of providing tailored and appropriate cancer prevention and ...
Mlika Mona - - 2013
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a challenging diagnosis characterized by the absence of real specific diagnostic markers. Positivity with the galectin-3 antibody was assessed by a cytoplasmic expression in 17 MPM. Fourteen cases expressed the galectin-3 antibody. The three negative cases consisted of epithelioid, biphasic, and sarcomatoid MPM. The 14 ...
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