Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2362
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
van den Ouweland Johannes M W - - 2013
The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the general population has become a major public health problem. Vitamin D deficiency might have significant consequences not only to bone health but possibly to autoimmune-, infectious and cardiovascular disease. This has resulted in increased clinical testing for 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in serum, ...
Simon Ellin - - 2013
Anxiety in children is highly frequent and causes severe dysfunction. Various studies have used screening procedures to identify high-anxious children and offer them indicated prevention, but the cost-effectiveness of these screening procedures in combination with a preventive intervention has never been examined. This study compared four potential strategies in relation ...
Pryor Edward E EE Jr Membrane Protein Structural Biology Consortium, - - 2013
Posttranslational lipidation provides critical modulation of the functions of some proteins. Isoprenoids (i.e., farnesyl or geranylgeranyl groups) are attached to cysteine residues in proteins containing C-terminal CAAX sequence motifs (where A is an aliphatic residue and X is any residue). Isoprenylation is followed by cleavage of the AAX amino acid ...
Hanel W W Department of Pathology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, - - 2013
Mutant p53 proteins not only lose their tumor-suppressor function but some acquire oncogenic gain of function (GOF). The published mutp53 knock-in (KI) alleles (R172H, R270H, R248W) manifest GOF by broader tumor spectrum and more metastasis compared with the p53-null allele, but do not shorten survival. However, whether GOF also occurs ...
Adams André A - - 2013
Quantitating explosive materials at trace concentrations in real-time on-site within the marine environment may prove critical to protecting civilians, waterways, and military personnel during this era of increased threat of widespread terroristic activity. Presented herein are results from recent field trials that demonstrate detection and quantitation of small nitroaromatic molecules ...
Mallavia Ricardo - - 2013
Interaction between poly[9,9-bis(6'-bromohexyl)-2,7-fluorene-co-alt-1,4-phenylene] (PFPBr2), a neutral conjugated polyfluorene which is completely insoluble in water, and zwitterionic phospholipids has been investigated in order to generate new fluorescent structures which are stable in aqueous media as a means of extending the biological applications of these kinds of polymers. Two types of differently ...
Kitazono Hammell Mary T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing total body irradiation (TBI) often develop delayed skeletal complications. Bone-age studies in these children often reveal subtle paraphyseal changes including physeal widening, metaphyseal irregularity and paraphyseal exostoses. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether paraphyseal changes on a bone-age study following TBI indicate a predisposition toward developing other radiation-associated skeletal ...
Moghanibashi Mehdi - - 2013
Nuclear pore complex (NPC) is the only corridor for macromolecules exchange between nucleus and cytoplasm. NPC and its components, nucleoporins, play important role in the diverse physiological processes including macromolecule exchange, chromosome segregation, apoptosis and gene expression. Recent reports also suggest involvement of nucleoporins in carcinogenesis. Applying proteomics, we analyzed ...
Van de Velde Vera - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prucalopride is a selective, high-affinity, 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 (5-HT4) receptor agonist, which is approved for the symptomatic treatment of chronic constipation in women in whom laxatives fail to provide adequate relief. Women of childbearing potential, many of whom will be using oral contraceptives, comprise a large proportion of patients seeking ...
Bajwa Paramjit K - - 2013
Global gene expression was analyzed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae T2 cells grown in the presence of hardwood spent sulphite liquor (HW SSL) and each of the three main inhibitors in HW SSL, acetic acid, hydroxymethyfurfural (HMF) and furfural, using a S. cerevisiae DNA oligonucleotide microarray. The objective was to compare the ...
Wei Y Y Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, - - 2013
The molecular bases of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are not fully understood. Trimethylated histone 3 lysine 4 (H3K4me3) is present in promoters of actively transcribed genes and has been shown to be involved in hematopoietic differentiation. We performed a genome-wide H3K4me3 CHIP-Seq (chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with whole genome sequencing) analysis of ...
Zhang Jin-Lin - - 2013
Salt tolerance is an important economic trait for crops growing in both irrigated fields and marginal lands. The plant kingdom contains plant species that possess highly distinctive capacities for salt tolerance as a result of evolutionary adaptation to their environments. Yet, the cellular mechanisms contributing to salt tolerance seem to ...
Czenze Zenon J - - 2013
For temperate endotherms (i.e., mammals and birds) energy costs are highest during winter but food availability is lowest and many mammals depend on hibernation as a result. Hibernation is made up of energy-saving torpor bouts [periods of controlled reduction in body temperature (T b)], which are interrupted by brief periodic ...
Khan Seema - - 2013
The authors report a case of bacteremia due to Rhizobium radiobacter in a preterm neonate. Although the baby recovered from the septic episode following therapy with appropriate antibiotics he succumbed to complications, mainly associated with prematurity. This case highlights a rare manifestation of R.radiobacter infection in a neonate in whom ...
Watanabe Takayuki - - 2013
In insects, dopamine modulates various aspects of behavior such as learning and memory, arousal and locomotion, and is also a precursor of melanin. To elucidate the molecular basis of the dopaminergic system in the field cricket Gryllus bimaculatus DeGeer, we identified genes involved in dopamine biosynthesis, signal transduction, and dopamine ...
Hidaka Hidenobu - - 2013
A methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) outbreak occurred in an advanced emergency medical service center between 2010 and 2011. Our objective was to evaluate the status of the MRSA outbreak, as monitored by molecular analysis. Twenty-eight MRSA strains were isolated from blood samples from 11 patients, from other specimens (pharynx, nasal ...
Loth Daan Willem - - 2013
Although many different reference values for spirometry are available from various studies, the elderly are usually underrepresented. Therefore, our objective was to assess reference values in a sample of healthy participants from a prospective population-based cohort study, including a large proportion of elderly. We included spirometry measurements of healthy, never ...
Nakagome Shigeki - - 2013
Based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA, Hailer et al. (Reports, 20 April 2012, p. 344) suggested early divergence of polar bears from a common ancestor with brown bears and subsequent introgression. Our population genetic analysis that traces each of the genealogies in the independent nuclear loci does not support the ...
Taşkın Mehmet B - - 2013
This article presents the development of a combined cell culture-biosensing platform using vertically aligned self-assembled peptide nanofibers. Peptide nanofibers were patterned on a microchip containing gold microelectrodes in order to provide the cells with a 3D environment enabling them to grow and proliferate. Gold microelectrodes were functionalized with conductive polymers ...
Wood S J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In children with short bowel syndrome, maximal adaptation of the bowel after extensive resection is thought to occur during the first 2 years of life. The aim of the present study was to review children with short bowel syndrome from two intestinal rehabilitation centers, comparing those undergoing lengthening procedures <365 days ...
Chen Wen-Tsen - - 2013
We applied surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS) with HgTe nanostructures as the matrix for the detection of single- and double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides (ss-ODNs and ds-ODNs). The concentrations of surfactant and additives (metal ions, an amine) and the pH and ionic strength of the sample matrix played significantly different roles in ...
Kimura Masami - - 2013
A newly developed nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the ribosomal DNA was applied to detect and characterize Encephalitozoon cuniculi DNA from pet rabbits in Japan. The analysis was carried out using 257 urinary samples and 314 fecal samples collected from 307 ...
Pagan Julia - - 2013
Proper protein turnover is required for cardiac homeostasis and, accordingly, impaired proteasomal function appears to contribute to heart disease. Specific proteasomal degradation mechanisms underlying cardiovascular biology and disease have been identified, and such cellular pathways have been proposed to be targets of clinical relevance. This review summarizes the latest literature ...
Clemmensen K E - - 2013
Boreal forest soils function as a terrestrial net sink in the global carbon cycle. The prevailing dogma has focused on aboveground plant litter as a principal source of soil organic matter. Using (14)C bomb-carbon modeling, we show that 50 to 70% of stored carbon in a chronosequence of boreal forested ...
Tiveron C C Neurotrophic Factors and Neurodegenerative Diseases Unit, EBRI-European Brain Research Institute, Rome, - - 2013
ProNGF, the precursor of mature nerve growth factor (NGF), is the most abundant form of NGF in the brain. ProNGF and mature NGF differ significantly in their receptor interaction properties and in their bioactivity. ProNGF increases markedly in the cortex of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains and proNGF\NGF imbalance has been ...
Moody David E - - 2013
Introduction: Methadone and buprenorphine are maintenance replacement therapies for opioid dependence; they are also used for pain management. Methadone and buprenorphine (to a lesser extent) have seen sharp increases in mortality associated with their use. They have distinct routes of metabolism (mostly cytochrome P450 dependent), and distinct pharmacologic activity of ...
Lee Moon-Soo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) has been used more frequently despite the associated technical difficulty and concerns over oncological safety. This study was undertaken to compare the short- and long-term surgical outcomes following either LATG or open total gastrectomy (OTG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 120 LATG and ...
Chukwuocha Uchechukwu Madukaku - - 2013
This study was done to access the knowledge and perceptions of Patent Medicine Dealers (PMDs) in Owerri Metropolis of Nigeria about Artemisinin Based Combination Therapy as first line treatment for malaria using structured pre-tested questionnaires administered to 80 randomly selected and consenting respondents. About 67.5 and 32.5 % of males and ...
Goettsch Claudia C Harvard Medical School, Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, NRB-741, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Cardiovascular calcification is a prominent feature of chronic inflammatory disorders-such as chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and atherosclerosis-that associate with significant morbidity and mortality. The concept that similar pathways control both bone remodeling and vascular calcification is widely accepted, but the precise mechanisms of calcification remain largely unknown. ...
Juergens Norbert - - 2013
The sand termite Psammotermes allocerus generates local ecosystems, so-called fairy circles, through removal of short-lived vegetation that appears after rain, leaving circular barren patches. Because of rapid percolation and lack of evapotranspiration, water is retained within the circles. This process results in the formation of rings of perennial vegetation that ...
Karahashi Minako - - 2013
The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is an animal model for spontaneous-onset, non-obese type 2 diabetes. Despite abundant evidence about disorders in metabolism, little information is available about fatty acid metabolism in the liver of GK rats. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of the fatty acid profile, particularly MUFA, and ...
Tirilomis Theodor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The development of a student exchange program was an essential part of the cooperation between the Medical Schools of the University of Goettingen (Germany) and the University of Thrace in Alexandroupolis (Greece). The student exchange program started in 2008 and was performed once a year. The experiences of this ...
Banaś Walentyna - - 2013
The last step in triacylglycerols (TAG) biosynthesis in oil seeds, the acylation of diacylglycerols (DAG), is catalysed by two types of enzymes: the acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) and phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (PDAT). The relative contribution of these enzymes in the synthesis of TAG has not yet been defined in any plant tissue. ...
Badia X - - 2013
PURPOSE: To construct a model to predict preference-adjusted EuroQol 5D (EQ-5D) health utilities for CS using the disease-specific health-related quality of life measure (CushingQOL). METHODS: Data were obtained from the European Registry on CS (ERCUSYN). ERCUSYN is a web-based, multicenter, observational study that enrolled 508 CS patients from 36 centers ...
Klimenko O V - - 2013
Previous studies have demonstrated functional roles for microRNAs (miRNAs) in various aspects of normal and malignant hematopoiesis, including lineage commitment, differentiation, apoptosis and maturation. In vivo delivery of naked DNA, oligonucleotides and miRNAs is complicated by their low stability, rapid degradation and inefficient delivery into target cells. In our experiments, ...
Pirnot Michael T MT Merck Center for Catalysis, Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2013
The direct β-activation of saturated aldehydes and ketones has long been an elusive transformation. We found that photoredox catalysis in combination with organocatalysis can lead to the transient generation of 5π-electron β-enaminyl radicals from ketones and aldehydes that rapidly couple with cyano-substituted aryl rings at the carbonyl β-position. This mode ...
Luh L M LM Institute of Biophysical Chemistry and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Goethe University, Frankfurt, - - 2013
The proteins p73 and p63 are members of the p53 protein family and are involved in important developmental processes. Their high sequence identity with the tumor suppressor p53 has suggested that they act as tumor suppressors as well. While p63 has a crucial role in the maintenance of epithelial stem ...
Shin Keon Sung - - 2013
The effects of berberine on long-term administration of L-DOPA in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD) were investigated. Rat models of PD were prepared by 6-OHDA lesions in the ipsilateral sides, and then were treated with berberine (5 and 15 mg/kg) and/or L-DOPA (10 mg/kg) once daily for 21 days. Treatments ...
Hera R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to review the 12-year visual outcomes of patients who underwent surgical removal for subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) attributable to pathologic myopia. This retrospective study included 14 patients, with a mean age of 45.8 years, high myopia (>6 D) and classic subfoveal CNV. They were treated with ...
Kaiser Karen - - 2013
Black women face the greatest breast cancer mortality burden of any racial or ethnic group in the United States. Breast cancer disparity is particularly pronounced in Chicago, where Black women were 62 percent more likely to die of breast cancer than their White counterparts in 2007. No work to date ...
Zohrabyan Lev - - 2013
In 2009-2010, females who reported having vaginal, anal or oral sex in exchange for money in the previous year, ≥16 years, and living in either Chisinau (n = 299) or Balti (n = 359), Moldova, were recruited into a respondent driven sampling survey. One fifth reported ever injecting drugs and over 30 % ever had sexual ...
Moser Jakob Maximilian - - 2013
This review article is focused on the research progress made utilizing the wobbler mouse as animal model for human motor neuron diseases, especially the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The wobbler mouse develops progressive degeneration of upper and lower motor neurons and shows striking similarities to ALS. The cellular effects of ...
Yamada Tomoya - - 2013
We hypothesized that fattening Wagyu cattle fed conventional low-vitamin fattening diets are exposed to oxidative stress. In this experiment, we studied the plasma concentrations of 8-isoprostane and the fat depot-specific effects of the diet-induced adipogenic (C/EBPβ, C/EBPδ, C/EBPα and PPARγ2) and adipokine (VEGF, FGF-2, leptin and adiponectin) gene expressions in ...
Moore Heather M HM Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
EZH2 is a Polycomb group protein that exerts oncogenic functions in breast cancer, where its overexpression is associated with metastatic disease. While it reportedly acts a transcriptional repressor through trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 27, EZH2 may exhibit context-dependent activating functions. Despite associations with worse outcome and metastasis in ...
Lewis Carmen L CL Department of Medicine, Division of General Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2013
Although individualized decision making is recommended to appropriately screen for colorectal cancer (CRC) in older adults, it is unclear whether physicians solicit input from older patients before making a recommendation for or against CRC screening. The purpose of this study was to examine whether physicians elect to engage older patients ...
Kalra Veena - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The use of leaded petrol was prohibited in the Delhi city by the end of 1998. To determine the impact of use of unleaded petrol, this cross-sectional study was conducted to determine blood lead levels in primary school children. METHODS: Blood lead levels were estimated in 300 school children ...
Diao Mei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of single-incision laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy (SILH) with that of conventional laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy (CLH) for children with choledochal cysts (CDCs). METHODS: Patients undergoing SILH between April 2011 and April 2012 were matched with those undergoing CLH between January 2009 and April ...
Coleman S S Gerald D - - 2013
In Roman Catholic Moral Theology, a direct abortion is never permitted. An indirect abortion, in which a life threatening pathology is treated, and the treatment inadvertently leads to the death of the fetus, may be permissible in proportionately grave situations. In situations in which a mother's life is endangered by ...
Raymond E - - 2013
Introduction MSC1992371A is an aurora kinase inhibitor with potential antitumor activity. Methods This trial established the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of oral MSC1992371A given before or after gemcitabine (1,000 mg/m(2)) in a 21-day cycle in patients with advanced malignancies. In schedule 1 (n = 31), gemcitabine was administered on days ...
Kilpivaara O - - 2013
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is revolutionizing medical research and has the potential to serve as a powerful and cost-effective diagnostic tool in the management of cancer. We review the progress to date in the use of WGS to reveal how germline variants and mutations may be associated with cancer. We use ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >