Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2362
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Mujtaba S Shafaq - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fibrotic focus (FF) has been observed in breast cancers and is suggested to be an important prognostic marker. However, most of these observations were reported by the same group of investigators with similar sample cohort. The relationship of FF and molecular subtypes as well as its associated prognosis has ...
Park Sookuk - - 2013
A raster-based method for determining complex view factor patterns is presented (HURES model). The model uses Johnson and Watson's view factor analysis method for fisheye lens photographs. The entire sphere is divided into 13 different view factors: open sky; sunny and shaded building walls, vegetation (trees) and ground surfaces above ...
So Kazutaka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) implants using alkaline and heat treatments were developed to enhance bone bonding. Although bone-bonding ability of the alkali- and heat-treated titanium surface has been demonstrated in animal studies, it remains unknown whether it enhances or provides durable bone bonding in humans. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore ...
Conde-Sousa Eduardo - - 2013
Models for temporary information storage in neuronal populations are dominated by mechanisms directly dependent on synaptic plasticity. There are nevertheless other mechanisms available that are well suited for creating short-term memories. Here we present a model for working memory which relies on the modulation of the intrinsic excitability properties of ...
Noma Hidetaka - - 2013
The influence of retinal ischemia on changes of visual acuity, macular sensitivity, macular thickness, and macular volume is unclear after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for macular edema with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Twenty-three patients (23 eyes) with BRVO and macular edema underwent PPV. Retinal ischemia was evaluated from capillary ...
Gerdes Alyson C - - 2013
To better understand the help seeking process that occurs within Latino families when a child is exhibiting behaviors consistent with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), qualitative and quantitative data from 73 Latino parents were examined. Findings suggest that most Latino parents in the current sample recognized ADHD symptoms as concerning and in ...
Liu Guangfei - - 2013
Although there have been many studies on bacterial removal of soluble azo dyes, much less information is available for biological treatment of water-insoluble azo dyes. The few bacterial species capable of removing Sudan dye generally require a long time to remove low concentrations of insoluble dye particles. The present work ...
Park Taehwan - - 2013
PURPOSE: Mindfulness has emerged as an important health concept based on evidence that mindfulness interventions reduce symptoms and improve health-related quality of life. The objectives of this study were to systematically assess and compare the properties of instruments to measure self-reported mindfulness. METHODS: Ovid Medline(®), CINAHL(®), and PsycINFO(®) were searched ...
Gao Huquan - - 2013
One new prenylated indole diketopiperazine alkaloid, named dihydroneochinulin B (1), one known spiro-polyketide-diketopiperazine hybrid cryptoechinuline D (2) and three related known metabolites didehydroechinulin B (3), neoechinulin B (4) and auroglaucin (5) were isolated from the mangrove rhizosphere soil derived fungus, Aspergillus effuses H1-1. The structures were assigned by detailed spectroscopic ...
Feldtkeller Ernst - - 2013
Advice concerning behaviour and adaptations of living and working environment is considered an unmet need by patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The aim of this study was to develop a core set of recommendations to be given to patients by their rheumatologists. A systematic literature research of scientific and patient-oriented ...
Park Jee Young - - 2013
A novel cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) conferred by Dongbu cytoplasmic and genic male-sterility (DCGMS) cytoplasm and its restorer-of-fertility gene (Rfd1) was previously reported in radish (Raphanus sativus L.). Its inheritance of fertility restoration and profiles of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-based molecular markers were reported to be different from those of Ogura ...
Pandya Naushira - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) present therapeutic challenges related to co-morbidities, treatment adherence, and safety. This study examines the efficacy and safety of insulin glargine compared to other glucose-lowering interventions in younger and older adults. METHODS: In this pooled analysis of 24-week data from nine prospective ...
Topiol Sid - - 2013
Introduction: In 2007, the X-ray structural determination of non-rhodopsin G-Protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), considered the most extensively targeted protein class for marketed drugs, commenced. With the relatively rapid availability of additional structures, an assessment of the progression made is needed in addition to the assessment of the understandings gleaned, deployment ...
Keith Sharp M - - 2013
Mathematical modeling represents an important tool for analyzing cardiovascular function during spaceflight. This review describes how modeling of the cardiovascular system can contribute to space life science research and illustrates this process via modeling efforts to study postflight orthostatic intolerance (POI), a key issue for spaceflight. Examining this application also ...
Farkas Jerneja J Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia, - - 2013
Perception of healthy body size and composition differs considerably across the globe, ethnic groups, cultures, and even inside medical community. Although the concept of ideal body weight has evolved over the past decades, the observation that weight loss can have more deleterious effects within a short-term period than weight gain ...
Liu Jiangjiang J Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, - - 2013
The development of technologies for mass spectrometry imaging is of substantial research interest. Mass spectrometry is potentially capable of providing highly specific information about the distribution of compounds in tissues, with high sensitivity. The in-situ analysis needed for tissue imaging requires MS to be performed under conditions different from the ...
Stojałowski Stefan - - 2013
The sterilising cytoplasm from Triticum timopheevii is presently considered to be the most promising as regards to the seed production of triticale hybrid cultivars. This study was aimed at the utilisation of Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) for the preliminary identification of genomic regions with loci controlling male sterility/fertility in the ...
Delgado Juan L - - 2013
Buckyballs represent a new and fascinating molecular allotropic form of carbon that has received a lot of attention by the chemical community during the last two decades. The unabating interest on this singular family of highly strained carbon spheres has allowed the establishing of the fundamental chemical reactivity of these ...
Zhang Qing-He - - 2013
Patches of ionization are common in the polar ionosphere, where their motion and associated density gradients give variable disturbances to high-frequency (HF) radio communications, over-the-horizon radar location errors, and disruption and errors to satellite navigation and communication. Their formation and evolution are poorly understood, particularly under disturbed space weather conditions. ...
Troelsen Anders A Harris Orthopaedic Laboratory, Department of Orthopedics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114-2696, USA. - - 2013
The majority (86%) of THAs performed in the United States are uncemented. This may increase the revision burden if uncemented fixation is associated with a higher risk of revision than other approaches. We sought to investigate trends for use of uncemented fixation and to analyze age-stratified risk of revision comparing ...
Hui Shu-Ping - - 2013
Herein, we represent a simple method for the detection and characterization of molecular species of triacylglycerol monohydroperoxides (TGOOH) in biological samples by use of reversed-phase liquid chromatography with a LTQ Orbitrap XL mass spectrometer (LC/LTQ Orbitrap) via an electrospray ionization source. Data were acquired using high-resolution, high-mass accuracy in Fourier-transform ...
Uchida Masayuki - - 2013
This study aimed to clarify the correlation between the estrous cycle and prevalence rate of endometriosis by sequential laparoscopy in Wistar-Imamichi female rats. The peritoneal implantation of endometrial tissue was performed in four estrous cycle rats (proestrus, estrus, metestrus, and diestrus). One week after implantation, the volume of the ectopic ...
Wahlert Lance - - 2013
Given the resurgence of scientific studies on the etiology of homosexuality in the wake of the AIDS epidemic, this article considers the effects these studies had on contemporaneous queer filmmakers. By using the subject of criminality as a way to talk about homosexual causality, queer films of the 1990s illustrate ...
Park Seoyoung - - 2013
Aberrant accumulation of intracellular β-catenin and subsequent activation of β-catenin response transcription (CRT) in intestinal epithelial cells is a frequent early event during the development of colon cancer. Here we show that cardamonin, a chalcone isolated from Aplinia katsumadai Hayata, inhibited CRT in SW480 colon cancer cells that carry inactivating ...
Choppala Girish - - 2013
In this study, two carbon materials [chicken manure biochar (CMB) and black carbon (BC)] were investigated for their effects on the reduction of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] in two spiked [600 mg Cr(VI) kg(-1)] and one tannery waste contaminated [454 mg Cr(VI) kg(-1)] soils. In spiked soils, both the rate and the maximum extent ...
Bartolomeo Mickael - - 2013
To evaluate the performance of the video head impulse test (VHIT) in assessing vestibular deficit in vestibular neuritis. Test validation study was conducted in Tertiary referral center. Twenty-nine patients, referred for vestibular neuritis between October 2009 and March 2012, were included. We recorded age, gender, values of caloric deficit (caloric ...
Suvà Mario L - - 2013
The demonstration of induced pluripotency and direct lineage conversion has led to remarkable insights regarding the roles of transcription factors and chromatin regulators in mediating cell state transitions. Beyond its considerable implications for regenerative medicine, this body of work is highly relevant to multiple stages of oncogenesis, from the initial ...
Fujinaka Hidetake - - 2013
More than 600 bacterial species have been identified in the oral cavity, but only a limited number of species show a strong association with periodontitis. The purpose of the present study was to provide a comprehensive outline of the microbiota in dental plaque related to periodontal status. Dental plaque from ...
Maréchal Amandine - - 2013
Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy was used to investigate the binding of Na+ and Ca2+cations to bovine cytochrome c oxidase in its fully oxidized and partially reduced, cyanide-ligated (a2+a33+-CN) (mixed valence) forms. These ions induced distinctly different IR binding spectra, indicating that the induced structural changes are ...
Fayemi Peter Olutope - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to determine the pregnancy status of Dohne Merino ewes at slaughter. This was done by collecting blood samples from the ewes (n = 60) during exsanguination to assay for pregnancy biomarkers using radio-immunological and TaqMan reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction techniques. The expressions of ovine ...
Zheng Li-Wei - - 2013
This study aimed to compare epithelial cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to human ameloblast-lineage cells (ALCs), as a way to determine their potential use as a cell source for ameloblast regeneration. Induced by various concentrations of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), retinoic acid (RA) and lithium chloride ...
Li Xin X Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Previous biological studies showed evidence of a genetic link between obesity and pigmentation in both animal models and humans. Our study investigated the individual and joint associations between obesity-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and both human pigmentation and risk of melanoma. Eight obesity-related SNPs in the FTO, MAP2K5, NEGR1, FLJ35779, ...
Tamayo Uria Ibon - - 2013
Urban Norway rats are challenging pests, posing significant health and economic threats. Implementing ecologically based integrated rodent management (EBIRM) programmes relies primarily on the understanding of ecological relationships between rodents and their environments, with emphasis on the processes influencing rodent populations in the target ecosystem. We investigated the temporal distribution ...
Lawit Shai J - - 2013
Expression datasets relating to the Arabidopsis female gametophyte have enabled the creation of a tool set which allows simultaneous visual tracking of each specific cell type (egg, synergids, central cell, and antipodals). This cell-specific, fluorescent labeling tool-set functions from gametophyte cellularization through fertilization and early embryo development. Using this system, ...
von Arx Thomas - - 2013
PURPOSE: The anterior maxilla, sometimes also called premaxilla, is an area frequently requiring surgical interventions. The objective of this observational study was to identify and assess accessory bone channels other than the nasopalatine canal in the anterior maxilla using limited cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: A total of 176 ...
Xu Bin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lipocalin-2 is a multifaceted modulator in cancer progression. Its clinical significance is not clear in pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lipocalin-2 is associated with good prognosis by reversing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Lipocalin-2, E-cadherin, or vimentin expression was detected in ...
Askew Robert L - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To help researchers in multiple sclerosis (MS) take advantage of the measurement properties of the PROMIS Pain Interference instrument while maintaining continuity with previous research, we developed and tested a crosswalk table to transform Brief Pain Inventory pain interference scale (BPI-PI) scores to PROMIS-PI short form (PROMIS-PI SF) scores. ...
Dolinar Brian S - - 2013
We report here the syntheses, X-ray crystal structures, electrochemistry, and density functional theory (DFT) single-point calculations of three new complexes: tetrakis(monothiosuccinimidato)dimolybdenum(II) [Mo2(SNO5)4, 1a], tetrakis(6-thioxo-2-piperidinonato)dimolybdenum(II) [Mo2(SNO6)4, 1b], and chlorotetrakis(monothiosuccinimidato)pyridinelithiumdimolybdenum(II) [pyLiMo2(SNO5)4Cl, 2-py]. X-ray crystallography shows unusually short axial Mo2-Cl bond lengths in 2-py, 2.6533(6) Å, and dimeric 2-dim, 2.644(1) Å, which we ...
Yao Yingshui - - 2013
Previous studies revealed that low calcium intake is related to high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension. However, the relationship between serum calcium and blood pressure was unclear. The prevalence of hypertension is high in China. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the serum calcium level ...
Mikhaylova Marina - - 2013
In previous work, we found that the protein messenger Jacob is involved in N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) signaling to the nucleus and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) mediated gene expression in hippocampal primary neurons. Particularly, extrasynaptic NMDAR activation drives Jacob efficiently into the nucleus where it then induces gene expression that ...
McIntosh Avery L AL Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Texas A&M University, TVMC, College Station, TX 77843-4466, - - 2013
Loss of liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) decreases long chain fatty acid uptake and oxidation in primary hepatocytes and in vivo. On this basis, L-FABP gene ablation would potentiate high-fat diet-induced weight gain and weight gain/energy intake. While this was indeed the case when L-FABP null (-/-) mice on ...
Vogelstein Bert B The Ludwig Center and The Howard Hughes Medical Institute at Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2013
Over the past decade, comprehensive sequencing efforts have revealed the genomic landscapes of common forms of human cancer. For most cancer types, this landscape consists of a small number of "mountains" (genes altered in a high percentage of tumors) and a much larger number of "hills" (genes altered infrequently). To ...
Kido Takamasa - - 2013
The use of a petroleum-derived cleaning solvent for dry cleaning, instead of tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene, PCE), has increased. The cleaning solvent may induce immunological alteration. In this study, murine macrophage-lineage J774.1 cells were exposed to the cleaning solvent at 0, 25, 50, and 75 µg/ml or PCE at 0, 400, 600, 800, ...
Sakai Eiko - - 2013
Osteoclasts (OCLs) are multinucleated bone-resorbing cells that are differentiated by stimulation with receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor. We recently demonstrated that regulation of heme-oxygenase 1 (HO-1), a stress-induced cytoprotective enzyme, also functions in OCL differentiation. In this study, we investigated effects of fisetin, ...
Ponnusamy K - - 2013
Biofouling is a serious problem on filter membranes of water purification systems due to formation of bacterial biofilms, which can be detrimental to the membrane performance. Biofouling occurs on membrane surface and therefore greatly influences the physical and chemical aspects of the surface. Several membranes including microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and reverse ...
Maki Katsuyuki - - 2013
An assessment of the effective in vivo concentrations of antifungal drugs is important in determining their pharmacodynamics, and therefore, their optimal dosage regimen. Here we establish the effective in vivo concentration-based pharmacodynamics of three azole antifungal drugs (fluconazole, itraconazole, and ketoconazole) in a murine model of disseminated Candida albicans infection. ...
Herman Katya M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Obesity is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQL). As perceived constructs, self-rated health (SRH) and general life satisfaction (LS) might be more strongly related to perceived weight status than actual weight status. The aim was to assess agreement between perceived weight status and self-reported body mass index ...
Chaves Guilherme Maranhão - - 2013
Although yeasts belonging to the genus Candida are frequently seen as commensals in the oral cavity, they possess virulence attributes that contribute for pathogenicity. The aims of the present study were to study the prevalence of Candida spp. isolated from the oral cavity of renal transplant recipients and to analyze ...
McLeod Howard L HL Institute for Pharmacogenomics and Individualized Therapy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
The past decade has brought together substantial advances in human genome analysis and a maturation of understanding of tumor biology. Although there is much progress still to be made, there are now several prominent examples in which tumor-associated somatic mutations have been used to identify cellular signaling pathways in tumors. ...
Salehmin M N I - - 2013
This review is focused on the production of microbial lipases by high cell density fermentation. Lipases are among the most widely used of the enzyme catalysts. Although lipases are produced by animals and plants, industrial lipases are sourced almost exclusively from microorganisms. Many of the commercial lipases are produced using ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >