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Results 201 - 250 of 2350
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Liu Guangfei - - 2013
Although there have been many studies on bacterial removal of soluble azo dyes, much less information is available for biological treatment of water-insoluble azo dyes. The few bacterial species capable of removing Sudan dye generally require a long time to remove low concentrations of insoluble dye particles. The present work ...
Park Taehwan - - 2013
PURPOSE: Mindfulness has emerged as an important health concept based on evidence that mindfulness interventions reduce symptoms and improve health-related quality of life. The objectives of this study were to systematically assess and compare the properties of instruments to measure self-reported mindfulness. METHODS: Ovid Medline(®), CINAHL(®), and PsycINFO(®) were searched ...
Choppala Girish - - 2013
In this study, two carbon materials [chicken manure biochar (CMB) and black carbon (BC)] were investigated for their effects on the reduction of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] in two spiked [600 mg Cr(VI) kg(-1)] and one tannery waste contaminated [454 mg Cr(VI) kg(-1)] soils. In spiked soils, both the rate and the maximum extent ...
Bartolomeo Mickael - - 2013
To evaluate the performance of the video head impulse test (VHIT) in assessing vestibular deficit in vestibular neuritis. Test validation study was conducted in Tertiary referral center. Twenty-nine patients, referred for vestibular neuritis between October 2009 and March 2012, were included. We recorded age, gender, values of caloric deficit (caloric ...
Pérez Luis Orlando - - 2013
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer and its precursor lesions. Transformation may be induced by several mechanisms, including oncogene activation and genome instability. Individual differences in DNA damage recognition and repair have been hypothesized to influence cervical cancer risk. The aim of this study was to ...
Dong X - - 2013
Production of haploids by the in vivo haploid induction method has now become routine for generating new inbred lines in maize. In previous studies, a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) (qhir1) located in bin 1.04 was detected, explaining up to 66 % of the genotypic variance for haploid induction rate (HIR). ...
Rischpler Christoph - - 2013
PURPOSE: (11)C-Hydroxyephedrine (HED) and radioiodinated metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I/(131)I-MIBG) are catecholamine analogue tracers for sympathetic nerve positron emission tomography/single photon emission computed tomography (PET/SPECT) imaging. In contrast to humans, rat hearts demonstrate high nonneural catecholamine uptake-2 in addition to neural uptake-1, the contributions of which to tracer accumulation are not fully elucidated. ...
Daver Naval - - 2013
The outcomes in adult B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remain inferior to those achieved in pediatric populations. Targeted therapy with monoclonal antibodies may improve outcomes in adult B-cell ALL without significant additive toxicity. Rituximab is the best known monoclonal antibody and is routinely used in combination chemo-immunotherapy for treatment of ...
Lawit Shai J - - 2013
Expression datasets relating to the Arabidopsis female gametophyte have enabled the creation of a tool set which allows simultaneous visual tracking of each specific cell type (egg, synergids, central cell, and antipodals). This cell-specific, fluorescent labeling tool-set functions from gametophyte cellularization through fertilization and early embryo development. Using this system, ...
von Arx Thomas - - 2013
PURPOSE: The anterior maxilla, sometimes also called premaxilla, is an area frequently requiring surgical interventions. The objective of this observational study was to identify and assess accessory bone channels other than the nasopalatine canal in the anterior maxilla using limited cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: A total of 176 ...
Xu Bin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lipocalin-2 is a multifaceted modulator in cancer progression. Its clinical significance is not clear in pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lipocalin-2 is associated with good prognosis by reversing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Lipocalin-2, E-cadherin, or vimentin expression was detected in ...
Askew Robert L - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To help researchers in multiple sclerosis (MS) take advantage of the measurement properties of the PROMIS Pain Interference instrument while maintaining continuity with previous research, we developed and tested a crosswalk table to transform Brief Pain Inventory pain interference scale (BPI-PI) scores to PROMIS-PI short form (PROMIS-PI SF) scores. ...
Dolinar Brian S - - 2013
We report here the syntheses, X-ray crystal structures, electrochemistry, and density functional theory (DFT) single-point calculations of three new complexes: tetrakis(monothiosuccinimidato)dimolybdenum(II) [Mo2(SNO5)4, 1a], tetrakis(6-thioxo-2-piperidinonato)dimolybdenum(II) [Mo2(SNO6)4, 1b], and chlorotetrakis(monothiosuccinimidato)pyridinelithiumdimolybdenum(II) [pyLiMo2(SNO5)4Cl, 2-py]. X-ray crystallography shows unusually short axial Mo2-Cl bond lengths in 2-py, 2.6533(6) Å, and dimeric 2-dim, 2.644(1) Å, which we ...
Pagan Julia - - 2013
Proper protein turnover is required for cardiac homeostasis and, accordingly, impaired proteasomal function appears to contribute to heart disease. Specific proteasomal degradation mechanisms underlying cardiovascular biology and disease have been identified, and such cellular pathways have been proposed to be targets of clinical relevance. This review summarizes the latest literature ...
Clemmensen K E - - 2013
Boreal forest soils function as a terrestrial net sink in the global carbon cycle. The prevailing dogma has focused on aboveground plant litter as a principal source of soil organic matter. Using (14)C bomb-carbon modeling, we show that 50 to 70% of stored carbon in a chronosequence of boreal forested ...
Tiveron C - - 2013
ProNGF, the precursor of mature nerve growth factor (NGF), is the most abundant form of NGF in the brain. ProNGF and mature NGF differ significantly in their receptor interaction properties and in their bioactivity. ProNGF increases markedly in the cortex of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains and proNGF\NGF imbalance has been ...
Moody David E - - 2013
Introduction: Methadone and buprenorphine are maintenance replacement therapies for opioid dependence; they are also used for pain management. Methadone and buprenorphine (to a lesser extent) have seen sharp increases in mortality associated with their use. They have distinct routes of metabolism (mostly cytochrome P450 dependent), and distinct pharmacologic activity of ...
Lee Moon-Soo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) has been used more frequently despite the associated technical difficulty and concerns over oncological safety. This study was undertaken to compare the short- and long-term surgical outcomes following either LATG or open total gastrectomy (OTG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 120 LATG and ...
Chukwuocha Uchechukwu Madukaku - - 2013
This study was done to access the knowledge and perceptions of Patent Medicine Dealers (PMDs) in Owerri Metropolis of Nigeria about Artemisinin Based Combination Therapy as first line treatment for malaria using structured pre-tested questionnaires administered to 80 randomly selected and consenting respondents. About 67.5 and 32.5 % of males and ...
Czenze Zenon J - - 2013
For temperate endotherms (i.e., mammals and birds) energy costs are highest during winter but food availability is lowest and many mammals depend on hibernation as a result. Hibernation is made up of energy-saving torpor bouts [periods of controlled reduction in body temperature (T b)], which are interrupted by brief periodic ...
Khan Seema - - 2013
The authors report a case of bacteremia due to Rhizobium radiobacter in a preterm neonate. Although the baby recovered from the septic episode following therapy with appropriate antibiotics he succumbed to complications, mainly associated with prematurity. This case highlights a rare manifestation of R.radiobacter infection in a neonate in whom ...
Watanabe Takayuki - - 2013
In insects, dopamine modulates various aspects of behavior such as learning and memory, arousal and locomotion, and is also a precursor of melanin. To elucidate the molecular basis of the dopaminergic system in the field cricket Gryllus bimaculatus DeGeer, we identified genes involved in dopamine biosynthesis, signal transduction, and dopamine ...
Hidaka Hidenobu - - 2013
A methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) outbreak occurred in an advanced emergency medical service center between 2010 and 2011. Our objective was to evaluate the status of the MRSA outbreak, as monitored by molecular analysis. Twenty-eight MRSA strains were isolated from blood samples from 11 patients, from other specimens (pharynx, nasal ...
Loth Daan Willem - - 2013
Although many different reference values for spirometry are available from various studies, the elderly are usually underrepresented. Therefore, our objective was to assess reference values in a sample of healthy participants from a prospective population-based cohort study, including a large proportion of elderly. We included spirometry measurements of healthy, never ...
Nishiofuku Hideyuki - - 2013
We report a case of a 50-year-old male with isolated pancreatic metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in which chemical shift magnetic resonance imaging detected the presence of fat, and which mimicked fatty replacement. A solitary metastatic pancreatic tumor originating from HCC is very rare. Furthermore, we believe that this is ...
Guo F - - 2013
Hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) function to give rise to mature blood cells. Effective DNA damage response (DDR) and maintenance of genomic stability are crucial for normal functioning of HSPCs. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) integrates signals from nutrients and growth factors to control protein synthesis, cell growth, survival, and metabolism, ...
Johnson Matthew P - - 2013
Light-driven photosynthetic electron transport is coupled to the movement of protons from the chloroplast stroma to the thylakoid lumen. The resulting proton motive force that is generated is used to drive the conformational rotation of the transmembrane thylakoid ATPase enzyme which converts ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and Pi (inorganic phosphate) into ...
Park Sookuk - - 2013
A raster-based method for determining complex view factor patterns is presented (HURES model). The model uses Johnson and Watson's view factor analysis method for fisheye lens photographs. The entire sphere is divided into 13 different view factors: open sky; sunny and shaded building walls, vegetation (trees) and ground surfaces above ...
So Kazutaka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) implants using alkaline and heat treatments were developed to enhance bone bonding. Although bone-bonding ability of the alkali- and heat-treated titanium surface has been demonstrated in animal studies, it remains unknown whether it enhances or provides durable bone bonding in humans. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore ...
Yamada Tomoya - - 2013
We hypothesized that fattening Wagyu cattle fed conventional low-vitamin fattening diets are exposed to oxidative stress. In this experiment, we studied the plasma concentrations of 8-isoprostane and the fat depot-specific effects of the diet-induced adipogenic (C/EBPβ, C/EBPδ, C/EBPα and PPARγ2) and adipokine (VEGF, FGF-2, leptin and adiponectin) gene expressions in ...
StojaƂowski Stefan - - 2013
The sterilising cytoplasm from Triticum timopheevii is presently considered to be the most promising as regards to the seed production of triticale hybrid cultivars. This study was aimed at the utilisation of Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) for the preliminary identification of genomic regions with loci controlling male sterility/fertility in the ...
Delgado Juan L - - 2013
Buckyballs represent a new and fascinating molecular allotropic form of carbon that has received a lot of attention by the chemical community during the last two decades. The unabating interest on this singular family of highly strained carbon spheres has allowed the establishing of the fundamental chemical reactivity of these ...
Zohrabyan Lev - - 2013
In 2009-2010, females who reported having vaginal, anal or oral sex in exchange for money in the previous year, ≥16 years, and living in either Chisinau (n = 299) or Balti (n = 359), Moldova, were recruited into a respondent driven sampling survey. One fifth reported ever injecting drugs and over 30 % ever had sexual ...
Tural Deniz - - 2013
Background/Aims: Cetuximab is currently approved for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCR) with KRAS wild-type. Prior few studies demonstrated that G13D mutated tumors could benefit from cetuximab. This study aims to investigate whether KRAS G13D mutated tumors benefit from cetuximab in the chemotherapy refractory patients. Methodology: We retrospectively compared ...
Kochhann Daiani - - 2013
Despite safety protocols, crude oil extraction and transportation in the Amazon basin has a potential for inadvertent oil spills, which can impact aquatic organisms in local rivers. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of crude oil on juvenile Amazonian fish tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum, at various biological ...
Hussain Khalid - - 2013
We discuss a 10-year experience of all the thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) removed at our institution, assessing whether management was appropriate and to compare our outcomes and success rate with current literature. We performed a retrospective review of TGDC surgery at our institution from 2000 to 2010. During the study ...
Tirilomis Theodor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The development of a student exchange program was an essential part of the cooperation between the Medical Schools of the University of Goettingen (Germany) and the University of Thrace in Alexandroupolis (Greece). The student exchange program started in 2008 and was performed once a year. The experiences of this ...
Zhang Xiao - - 2013
In natural environments bacteria often adopt a biofilm-growth mode. PotD is a spermidine/putrescine-binding periplasmic protein belonging to polyamine transport system and we have examined its role during biofilm formation and for planktonic growth in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) strains that either over-express PotD (PotD+), or under-express it (PotDi) and also in ...
Otani Kentaro - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Phagocytosis of apoptotic cells is carried out through bridging of phosphatidylserine (PS)-expressing apoptotic cells and integrin αvβ3-expressing phagocytes with lactadherin. The objective of this study was to examine whether microbubbles targeted to integrin αvβ3 could be produced by conjugating a PS-containing clinically available ultrasound contrast agent with lactadherin. MATERIALS ...
Jacques Rezende Delgado Ronan - - 2013
This study investigated the efficacy of calcium hydroxide and chlorhexidine gel for the elimination of intratubular Candida albicans (C. albicans). Human single-rooted teeth contaminated with C. albicans were treated with calcium hydroxide, 2% chlorhexidine gel, calcium hydroxide plus 2% chlorhexidine gel, or saline (0.9% sodium chloride) as a positive control. ...
Guerra Raquel Schier - - 2013
Knowledge of natural ecology is essential for a better understanding of pathogenicity and opportunism in black yeast-like fungi. Although etiological agents of diseases caused by these fungi are supposed to originate from the environment, their isolation from nature is difficult. This is probably due to their oligotrophic nature, low competitive ...
Takeno Shinsuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to clarify the long-term prognostic impact and oncologic feasibility of thoracoscopic esophagectomy (TSE) in patients with esophageal cancer in comparison with open thoracic esophagectomy (OTE). METHODS: Patients with esophageal cancer underwent surgically curative esophagectomy without neoadjuvant therapy from January 1991 to December 2008 and were ...
Suzuki Ema - - 2013
Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) induced by the application of a novel taste such as sodium saccharin (Sac) as the conditioned stimulus (CS) and a malaise-inducing agent as the unconditioned stimulus (US), results in acquisition of CTA memory to Sac. In contrast, CTA is extinguished by repeated presentations of the CS ...
Achenbach P - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Islet autoantibody-positive children progress to type 1 diabetes at variable rates. In our study, we asked whether characteristic autoantibody and/or gene profiles could be defined for phenotypes showing extreme progression. METHODS: Autoantibodies to insulin (IAA), GAD (GADA), insulinoma-associated antigen-2 (IA-2A) and zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8A) were measured in follow-up ...
Caldas Sergiane Souza - - 2013
Water is fundamental to the existence of life since it is essential to a series of activities, such as agriculture, power generation, and public and industrial supplies. The residual water generated by these activities is released into the environment, reaches the water systems, and becomes a potential risk to nontarget ...
Tombuloglu Huseyin - - 2013
MYB family of transcription factors (TF) comprises one of the largest transcription factors in plants and is represented in all eukaryotes. They include highly conserved MYB repeats (1R, R2R3, 3R, and 4R) in the N-terminus. In addition to this, they have diverse C-terminal sequences which help the protein gain wide ...
Nakagawa Tomoki - - 2013
We present the case of a patient with malignant lymphoma resulting from chronic pyothorax after artificial pneumothorax for pulmonary tuberculosis. The 81-year-old female patient had a medical history of artificial pneumothorax from left pulmonary tuberculosis when she was 23 years old and subsequent chronic pyothorax. She had become aware of pain ...
Cronholm Peter F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) has become a dominant model of primary care re-design. The PCMH model is a departure from more traditional models of healthcare delivery and requires significant transformation to be realized. OBJECTIVE: To describe factors shaping mental models and practice culture driving the PCMH transformation process ...
Hansen Erik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Persistent wound drainage after hip arthroplasty is a risk factor for periprosthetic infection. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been used in other fields for wound management although it is unclear whether the technique is appropriate for total hip arthroplasty. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We determined (1) the rate of wound complications ...
Johnson Timothy R - - 2013
A Thurstonian model for ranking data assumes that observed rankings are consistent with those of a set of underlying continuous variables. This model is appealing since it renders ranking data amenable to familiar models for continuous response variables-namely, linear regression models. To date, however, the use of Thurstonian models for ...
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