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Results 201 - 250 of 2350
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Herman Katya M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Obesity is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQL). As perceived constructs, self-rated health (SRH) and general life satisfaction (LS) might be more strongly related to perceived weight status than actual weight status. The aim was to assess agreement between perceived weight status and self-reported body mass index ...
Chaves Guilherme Maranhão - - 2013
Although yeasts belonging to the genus Candida are frequently seen as commensals in the oral cavity, they possess virulence attributes that contribute for pathogenicity. The aims of the present study were to study the prevalence of Candida spp. isolated from the oral cavity of renal transplant recipients and to analyze ...
Zhang Qing-He - - 2013
Patches of ionization are common in the polar ionosphere, where their motion and associated density gradients give variable disturbances to high-frequency (HF) radio communications, over-the-horizon radar location errors, and disruption and errors to satellite navigation and communication. Their formation and evolution are poorly understood, particularly under disturbed space weather conditions. ...
Hui Shu-Ping - - 2013
Herein, we represent a simple method for the detection and characterization of molecular species of triacylglycerol monohydroperoxides (TGOOH) in biological samples by use of reversed-phase liquid chromatography with a LTQ Orbitrap XL mass spectrometer (LC/LTQ Orbitrap) via an electrospray ionization source. Data were acquired using high-resolution, high-mass accuracy in Fourier-transform ...
Uchida Masayuki - - 2013
This study aimed to clarify the correlation between the estrous cycle and prevalence rate of endometriosis by sequential laparoscopy in Wistar-Imamichi female rats. The peritoneal implantation of endometrial tissue was performed in four estrous cycle rats (proestrus, estrus, metestrus, and diestrus). One week after implantation, the volume of the ectopic ...
Wahlert Lance - - 2013
Given the resurgence of scientific studies on the etiology of homosexuality in the wake of the AIDS epidemic, this article considers the effects these studies had on contemporaneous queer filmmakers. By using the subject of criminality as a way to talk about homosexual causality, queer films of the 1990s illustrate ...
Conde-Sousa Eduardo - - 2013
Models for temporary information storage in neuronal populations are dominated by mechanisms directly dependent on synaptic plasticity. There are nevertheless other mechanisms available that are well suited for creating short-term memories. Here we present a model for working memory which relies on the modulation of the intrinsic excitability properties of ...
Noma Hidetaka - - 2013
The influence of retinal ischemia on changes of visual acuity, macular sensitivity, macular thickness, and macular volume is unclear after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for macular edema with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Twenty-three patients (23 eyes) with BRVO and macular edema underwent PPV. Retinal ischemia was evaluated from capillary ...
Murakami Keigo - - 2013
We report a case of water-clear cell adenoma associated with primary hyperparathyroidism. A 59-year-old woman with a history of renal stones and bone fracture was referred for investigation of hypercalcemia and an elevated serum parathyroid hormone level. Skeletal X-rays showed osteopenia and ultrasound showed enlarged tumors in both sides of ...
Frampton James E - - 2013
Ranibizumab (Lucentis(®)), an inhibitor of all vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) A isoforms, is approved for the intravitreal treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In pivotal trials, monthly injections of ranibizumab were superior to verteporfin photodynamic therapy in the treatment of predominantly classic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) due to neovascular ...
Mori Yasuyoshi - - 2013
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is an established technology that continues to attract the attention of researchers in many fields. Research and development efforts on LAMP technology in recent years have focused on two major areas; first, the study of its clinical application as an approved in vitro diagnostics tool in ...
Yao Yingshui - - 2013
Previous studies revealed that low calcium intake is related to high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension. However, the relationship between serum calcium and blood pressure was unclear. The prevalence of hypertension is high in China. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the serum calcium level ...
Mikhaylova Marina - - 2013
In previous work, we found that the protein messenger Jacob is involved in N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) signaling to the nucleus and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) mediated gene expression in hippocampal primary neurons. Particularly, extrasynaptic NMDAR activation drives Jacob efficiently into the nucleus where it then induces gene expression that ...
Fayemi Peter Olutope - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to determine the pregnancy status of Dohne Merino ewes at slaughter. This was done by collecting blood samples from the ewes (n = 60) during exsanguination to assay for pregnancy biomarkers using radio-immunological and TaqMan reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction techniques. The expressions of ovine ...
Zheng Li-Wei - - 2013
This study aimed to compare epithelial cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to human ameloblast-lineage cells (ALCs), as a way to determine their potential use as a cell source for ameloblast regeneration. Induced by various concentrations of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), retinoic acid (RA) and lithium chloride ...
van den Ouweland Johannes M W - - 2013
The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the general population has become a major public health problem. Vitamin D deficiency might have significant consequences not only to bone health but possibly to autoimmune-, infectious and cardiovascular disease. This has resulted in increased clinical testing for 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in serum, ...
Simon Ellin - - 2013
Anxiety in children is highly frequent and causes severe dysfunction. Various studies have used screening procedures to identify high-anxious children and offer them indicated prevention, but the cost-effectiveness of these screening procedures in combination with a preventive intervention has never been examined. This study compared four potential strategies in relation ...
Marimuthu Andiappan - - 2013
Oxidation of functioning copper has restricted its applicability as a catalyst for commercially important epoxidation of propylene to form propylene oxide. Here, we report that steady-state selectivity in propylene epoxidation on copper (Cu) nanoparticles increases sharply when the catalyst is illuminated with visible light. The selectivity increase is accompanied by ...
Chiu Tai-Chia - - 2013
This article highlights recent methodological developments in the on-line concentration and separation of amino acids and their enantiomers using capillary electrophoresis. Sections are dedicated to recent contributions to on-line concentration strategies such as field-amplified sample stacking, large-volume sample stacking, dynamic pH junction, transient isotachophoresis, sweeping, and the combination of two ...
Widnes Sofia Frost - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine teratogenic risk perceptions and confidence in the use of medicines in pairs of pregnant women and general practitioners (GPs) through assessments of medicines information texts from patient information leaflets (PILs). METHODS: A questionnaire was handed out to women attending regular ultrasound ...
Hudson Lee D - - 2013
In most high-income countries, fewer children now acquire meningitis, and many of those who do will survive. Globally, however, meningitis still remains a significant cause of child morbidity and mortality. In this article, the authors review recent evidence on the morbidity faced by childhood survivors of bacterial meningitis. Outcomes vary ...
Cheatum Christopher M - - 2013
At physiological temperatures, enzymes exhibit a broad spectrum of conformations, which interchange via thermally activated dynamics. These conformations are sampled differently in different complexes of the protein and its ligands, and the dynamics of exchange between these conformers depends on the mass of the group that is moving and the ...
Gerdes Alyson C - - 2013
To better understand the help seeking process that occurs within Latino families when a child is exhibiting behaviors consistent with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), qualitative and quantitative data from 73 Latino parents were examined. Findings suggest that most Latino parents in the current sample recognized ADHD symptoms as concerning and in ...
Liu Guangfei - - 2013
Although there have been many studies on bacterial removal of soluble azo dyes, much less information is available for biological treatment of water-insoluble azo dyes. The few bacterial species capable of removing Sudan dye generally require a long time to remove low concentrations of insoluble dye particles. The present work ...
Park Taehwan - - 2013
PURPOSE: Mindfulness has emerged as an important health concept based on evidence that mindfulness interventions reduce symptoms and improve health-related quality of life. The objectives of this study were to systematically assess and compare the properties of instruments to measure self-reported mindfulness. METHODS: Ovid Medline(®), CINAHL(®), and PsycINFO(®) were searched ...
Choppala Girish - - 2013
In this study, two carbon materials [chicken manure biochar (CMB) and black carbon (BC)] were investigated for their effects on the reduction of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] in two spiked [600 mg Cr(VI) kg(-1)] and one tannery waste contaminated [454 mg Cr(VI) kg(-1)] soils. In spiked soils, both the rate and the maximum extent ...
Bartolomeo Mickael - - 2013
To evaluate the performance of the video head impulse test (VHIT) in assessing vestibular deficit in vestibular neuritis. Test validation study was conducted in Tertiary referral center. Twenty-nine patients, referred for vestibular neuritis between October 2009 and March 2012, were included. We recorded age, gender, values of caloric deficit (caloric ...
Pérez Luis Orlando - - 2013
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer and its precursor lesions. Transformation may be induced by several mechanisms, including oncogene activation and genome instability. Individual differences in DNA damage recognition and repair have been hypothesized to influence cervical cancer risk. The aim of this study was to ...
Dong X - - 2013
Production of haploids by the in vivo haploid induction method has now become routine for generating new inbred lines in maize. In previous studies, a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) (qhir1) located in bin 1.04 was detected, explaining up to 66 % of the genotypic variance for haploid induction rate (HIR). ...
Rischpler Christoph - - 2013
PURPOSE: (11)C-Hydroxyephedrine (HED) and radioiodinated metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I/(131)I-MIBG) are catecholamine analogue tracers for sympathetic nerve positron emission tomography/single photon emission computed tomography (PET/SPECT) imaging. In contrast to humans, rat hearts demonstrate high nonneural catecholamine uptake-2 in addition to neural uptake-1, the contributions of which to tracer accumulation are not fully elucidated. ...
Lawit Shai J - - 2013
Expression datasets relating to the Arabidopsis female gametophyte have enabled the creation of a tool set which allows simultaneous visual tracking of each specific cell type (egg, synergids, central cell, and antipodals). This cell-specific, fluorescent labeling tool-set functions from gametophyte cellularization through fertilization and early embryo development. Using this system, ...
von Arx Thomas - - 2013
PURPOSE: The anterior maxilla, sometimes also called premaxilla, is an area frequently requiring surgical interventions. The objective of this observational study was to identify and assess accessory bone channels other than the nasopalatine canal in the anterior maxilla using limited cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: A total of 176 ...
Xu Bin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lipocalin-2 is a multifaceted modulator in cancer progression. Its clinical significance is not clear in pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lipocalin-2 is associated with good prognosis by reversing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Lipocalin-2, E-cadherin, or vimentin expression was detected in ...
Askew Robert L - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To help researchers in multiple sclerosis (MS) take advantage of the measurement properties of the PROMIS Pain Interference instrument while maintaining continuity with previous research, we developed and tested a crosswalk table to transform Brief Pain Inventory pain interference scale (BPI-PI) scores to PROMIS-PI short form (PROMIS-PI SF) scores. ...
Dolinar Brian S - - 2013
We report here the syntheses, X-ray crystal structures, electrochemistry, and density functional theory (DFT) single-point calculations of three new complexes: tetrakis(monothiosuccinimidato)dimolybdenum(II) [Mo2(SNO5)4, 1a], tetrakis(6-thioxo-2-piperidinonato)dimolybdenum(II) [Mo2(SNO6)4, 1b], and chlorotetrakis(monothiosuccinimidato)pyridinelithiumdimolybdenum(II) [pyLiMo2(SNO5)4Cl, 2-py]. X-ray crystallography shows unusually short axial Mo2-Cl bond lengths in 2-py, 2.6533(6) Å, and dimeric 2-dim, 2.644(1) Å, which we ...
Pagan Julia - - 2013
Proper protein turnover is required for cardiac homeostasis and, accordingly, impaired proteasomal function appears to contribute to heart disease. Specific proteasomal degradation mechanisms underlying cardiovascular biology and disease have been identified, and such cellular pathways have been proposed to be targets of clinical relevance. This review summarizes the latest literature ...
Clemmensen K E - - 2013
Boreal forest soils function as a terrestrial net sink in the global carbon cycle. The prevailing dogma has focused on aboveground plant litter as a principal source of soil organic matter. Using (14)C bomb-carbon modeling, we show that 50 to 70% of stored carbon in a chronosequence of boreal forested ...
Moody David E - - 2013
Introduction: Methadone and buprenorphine are maintenance replacement therapies for opioid dependence; they are also used for pain management. Methadone and buprenorphine (to a lesser extent) have seen sharp increases in mortality associated with their use. They have distinct routes of metabolism (mostly cytochrome P450 dependent), and distinct pharmacologic activity of ...
Lee Moon-Soo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) has been used more frequently despite the associated technical difficulty and concerns over oncological safety. This study was undertaken to compare the short- and long-term surgical outcomes following either LATG or open total gastrectomy (OTG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 120 LATG and ...
Chukwuocha Uchechukwu Madukaku - - 2013
This study was done to access the knowledge and perceptions of Patent Medicine Dealers (PMDs) in Owerri Metropolis of Nigeria about Artemisinin Based Combination Therapy as first line treatment for malaria using structured pre-tested questionnaires administered to 80 randomly selected and consenting respondents. About 67.5 and 32.5 % of males and ...
Czenze Zenon J - - 2013
For temperate endotherms (i.e., mammals and birds) energy costs are highest during winter but food availability is lowest and many mammals depend on hibernation as a result. Hibernation is made up of energy-saving torpor bouts [periods of controlled reduction in body temperature (T b)], which are interrupted by brief periodic ...
Khan Seema - - 2013
The authors report a case of bacteremia due to Rhizobium radiobacter in a preterm neonate. Although the baby recovered from the septic episode following therapy with appropriate antibiotics he succumbed to complications, mainly associated with prematurity. This case highlights a rare manifestation of R.radiobacter infection in a neonate in whom ...
Watanabe Takayuki - - 2013
In insects, dopamine modulates various aspects of behavior such as learning and memory, arousal and locomotion, and is also a precursor of melanin. To elucidate the molecular basis of the dopaminergic system in the field cricket Gryllus bimaculatus DeGeer, we identified genes involved in dopamine biosynthesis, signal transduction, and dopamine ...
Hidaka Hidenobu - - 2013
A methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) outbreak occurred in an advanced emergency medical service center between 2010 and 2011. Our objective was to evaluate the status of the MRSA outbreak, as monitored by molecular analysis. Twenty-eight MRSA strains were isolated from blood samples from 11 patients, from other specimens (pharynx, nasal ...
Loth Daan Willem - - 2013
Although many different reference values for spirometry are available from various studies, the elderly are usually underrepresented. Therefore, our objective was to assess reference values in a sample of healthy participants from a prospective population-based cohort study, including a large proportion of elderly. We included spirometry measurements of healthy, never ...
Nishiofuku Hideyuki - - 2013
We report a case of a 50-year-old male with isolated pancreatic metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in which chemical shift magnetic resonance imaging detected the presence of fat, and which mimicked fatty replacement. A solitary metastatic pancreatic tumor originating from HCC is very rare. Furthermore, we believe that this is ...
Guo F - - 2013
Hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) function to give rise to mature blood cells. Effective DNA damage response (DDR) and maintenance of genomic stability are crucial for normal functioning of HSPCs. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) integrates signals from nutrients and growth factors to control protein synthesis, cell growth, survival, and metabolism, ...
Johnson Matthew P - - 2013
Light-driven photosynthetic electron transport is coupled to the movement of protons from the chloroplast stroma to the thylakoid lumen. The resulting proton motive force that is generated is used to drive the conformational rotation of the transmembrane thylakoid ATPase enzyme which converts ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and Pi (inorganic phosphate) into ...
Park Sookuk - - 2013
A raster-based method for determining complex view factor patterns is presented (HURES model). The model uses Johnson and Watson's view factor analysis method for fisheye lens photographs. The entire sphere is divided into 13 different view factors: open sky; sunny and shaded building walls, vegetation (trees) and ground surfaces above ...
So Kazutaka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) implants using alkaline and heat treatments were developed to enhance bone bonding. Although bone-bonding ability of the alkali- and heat-treated titanium surface has been demonstrated in animal studies, it remains unknown whether it enhances or provides durable bone bonding in humans. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore ...
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