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Chubinsky Peter - - 2013
Recent trends in pediatric psychopharmacology have resulted in advances in treatment but also an overly optimistic and, at times, simplistic extension of pediatric psychopharmacology practice. Concerns about these changes in the field are discussed. The authors outline how understanding the meaning of medications to all those involved in the prescribing ...
Tassé Marc J - - 2013
Abstract The World Health Organization (WHO) is in the process of developing the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Part of this process includes replacing mental retardation with a more acceptable term to identify the condition. The current international consensus appears to be replacing mental retardation with ...
Wilk Joshua E - - 2013
Research involving military service members has shown a strong relationship between combat experiences and increased risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health problems. Comparatively little research has examined the relationship between combat experiences, PTSD, aggression, and unethical conduct on the battlefield, although news stories sometimes suggest links ...
Yanof Judith A - - 2013
Imaginary play is often a child's best way of communicating affects, fantasies, and internal states. In play children are freer to express their forbidden and conflicted thoughts. Consequently, one of the best ways for the therapist to enter the child's world is to do so from within the displacement of ...
Tschan Regine - - 2013
The aim of this study was to perform a 3-year follow-up of primary somatoform vertigo and dizziness (SVD) regarding health care use and treatment. Ninety-two patients with dizziness underwent detailed vestibular neurophysiological testing and a Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Psychometric assessments ...
Luckasson Ruth - - 2013
Abstract This article focuses on recommendations for naming, defining, diagnosing, classifying, and planning supports for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). The article provides an overview of the essential questions addressed by the respective functions and provides a series of specific recommendations that address the high stakes involved for people with ...
Hasunuma Itaru - - 2013
Three forms of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) are found in vertebrates; these differ in amino acid sequence, localization, distribution, and embryological origin. We used northern blot analysis, and in situ hybridization to detect GnRH transcripts in various tissues in the large ascidian Halocynthia roretzi. We cloned a cDNA encoding two novel ...
Nitzan Uri - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the opinions of healthy students regarding the acceptability of placebo treatment if they were to experience depression. A survey was conducted among 344 students in five academic centers in Israel. After a thorough explanation of the placebo effect, its efficacy and limitations ...
Olley J Gregory - - 2013
Abstract Definitions and associated descriptions of the condition now commonly known as intellectual disability serve many functions. The Atkins v. Virginia U.S. Supreme Court decision (2002) has called attention to the importance of clear, objective, and measureable wording of the definition. This article discusses the potential for misunderstanding and misinterpretation ...
Josephson Allan M - - 2013
Families are the context for development. One key way families influence developing children is through family experience, which becomes part of the child's inner world. It is through this cognitive template that the child interprets the world and negotiates developmental challenges. This article reviews a continuum of family interventions targeting ...
Schalock Robert L - - 2013
Abstract This article focuses on the power of naming, defining, diagnosing, classifying, and planning supports for people with intellectual disability. The article summarizes current thinking regarding these five functions, states the essential question addressed by the respective function, and provides an overview of the high stakes involved for people with ...
Matsuno Tomoya - - 2013
The circannual pupation rhythm of Anthrenus verbasci is entrained to an environmental cycle by changes in photoperiod. Exposure of larvae reared under short-day conditions to long days induced a clear phase delay of the circannual rhythm. There was no notable difference in the initial phase or period of the circannual ...
Barbasio Chiara - - 2013
Mental representations of attachment and emotion regulation influence individual patterns of stress response and vulnerability to illness. The present study investigates the adult attachment states of mind of 40 women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) using the Adult Attachment Interview. We also assessed alexithymia using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and ...
Yoon Jongmin - - 2013
Various selection pressures induce the degree and direction of sexual size dimorphism in animals. Selection favors either larger males for contests over mates or resources, or smaller males are favored for maneuverability; whereas larger females are favored for higher fecundity, or smaller females for earlier maturation for reproduction. In the ...
Tassé Marc J - - 2013
Abstract The World Health Organization (WHO) is in the process of seeking input from professional stakeholder groups and consumers regarding the draft proposals of the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) convened a small group of distinguished interdisciplinary ...
Costa Moacir Guilherme da - - 2013
The present systematic review was performed to investigate if there is evidence justifying the prophylactic extraction of third molars, one of the most frequent procedures in oral surgery. A series of searches was carried out for randomized, clinical trials and systematic reviews in seven databases (MEDLINE, BBO, LILACS, Web of ...
Avila Jose - - 2013
Hydroxocobalamin is a treatment for cyanide toxicity with few sideeffects. We report a case of a hemodialysis patient whose treatment was compromised by hydroxocobalamin interference with the blood leak detector.
Oh Jieun - - 2013
Adiponectin (APN) is known as an anti-inflammatory adipokine in obesity and atherosclerosis. Jin et al. examine the effects of APN deficiency in renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) using APN knockout mice and demonstrate that APN deficiency protects mice from IRI. This newly described role for APN in acute kidney injury opens ...
Lee Franklin - - 2013
The image we present demonstrates the classic hexagonal crystals that are diagnostic of cysteine crystals in a 14-year-old girl with cystinuria. These crystals developed on her stent within a 2-week period after treatment of her stone. The image illustrates the importance of urine microscopy and basic urologic knowledge.
Gomes Genara Brum - - 2013
Different microbial identification methods have shown that the microbial community profiles in endodontic infections are diverse and assorted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of selected endodontic pathogens in the pulp chambers (PCs) and root canals (RCs) of infected primary teeth using PCR methods. Paired PC ...
Llanos Elaine B - - 2013
Safely administering infusional therapies is my primary role as an oncology nurse working in the outpatient setting. Included in this function are many supportive measures to ensure that each patient has the optimal chance not only to benefit from this encounter, but to experience the least harm. Last September, a ...
Goldsmith Joy - - 2013
Oncology nurses consistently exhibit distress when communicating about end-of-life topics with patients and families. Poor communication experiences and processes correlate with emotional distress, moral distress, and work-related stress. The National Consensus Project (NCP) for Quality Palliative Care developed clinical practice guidelines to establish quality standards for the practice of palliative ...
Selvi A Arul - - 2013
A simple competitive immunoassay was developed for the measurement of isoprothiolane in rice, soil, and water samples. It employed the avian antibodies (IgY) that recognized isoprothiolane as a capture reagent and isoprothiolane-alkaline phosphatase conjugate as an enzyme label. The assay depended on the competitive binding between the anti-isoprothiolane antibody and ...
Wittenberg-Lyles Elaine - - 2013
Although quality communication has been identified as a necessary component to cancer care, communication skills training programs have yet to focus on the unique role of nurses. This study explored communication barriers as reported by seven nurse managers to better identify communication skills needed for oncology nurses to practice patient-centered ...
Zou Li-Ping - - 2013
Measurement of the free β subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (free β-hCG) in serum is useful for prenatal screening. Concentrations of free β-hCG vary in different races. Conventional assays used for such measurements have limitations. We applied the AlphaLISA to measure levels of free β-hCG in maternal serum during 8-20 ...
Kukla Marina - - 2013
Patient activation, defined as one's attitudes and confidence toward managing illness, has been not been thoroughly studied in consumers with schizophrenia. The current study sought to understand the relationship between patient activation and symptoms, medication adherence, recovery attitudes, and hope in a sample of 119 adults with schizophrenia. The participants ...
Pimentel Elizangela Lins Cavalcanti - - 2013
Oral care is frequently suboptimal in children from developing countries, especially those suffering from severe systemic diseases. The aim of the present study was to analyze the oral epidemiological profile of 3-to-5-year-old children with congenital heart disease. Dental and medical records of children evaluated at the Dental Service of the ...
Carr Ellen R - - 2013
One of the most significant world epidemics in history, HIV/AIDS, has been a research priority since its discovery in 1981. This review article provides an update on HIV/AIDS, with a specific focus on the diagnosis and care of patients with HIV- and AIDS-associated cancers.
Moore Janice M - - 2013
The medication therapy management (MTM) program identified high-risk members in a large employer group and invited them to participate in an MTM program. The intervention consisted of at least 3 consultations with a clinical pharmacist to review and discuss drug therapy. The goal was to improve drug therapy adherence and ...
Serra Marianna - - 2013
The negative attitudes surrounding mental disorders and their treatment are a major obstacle to the correct identification and treatment of emerging psychopathologies. The purpose of this study was to investigate mental health literacy in a large and representative sample of high school students in Italy, via a booklet containing several ...
Tada Yasuhiro - - 2013
Geographic ranges of parthenogenetic animals often differ from those of their sexual conspecifics, providing valuable information about evolutionary histories. We studied the geographic distributions of sexual and parthenogenetic forms of the weevil Scepticus insularis (Roelofs) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) on Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu Islands, Japan. We collected Scepticus insularis at 18 ...
Ebneter Daria S - - 2013
The aim of the current article was to compare stigmatizing attitudes toward eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED), with stigma toward another weight-related condition (obesity) and a non-weight-related mental disorder (major depressive disorder [MDD]). Participants (N = 447) read five vignettes ...
Gomes Luis Alexandre Piteira - - 2013
Rodent scent-marking is often used for territorial defence and self-advertisement, and both functions often entail the continuous scent-marking of a large area with high costs. In species with highly-fragmented populations and low density, in which the likelihood of social encounters is low, the costs of continuous scent-marking might exceed the ...
Johnson Lori - - 2013
The public and healthcare payers are increasingly looking to specialty designations and certifications to determine the quality of cancer centers. The Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI®) Certification Program is one way for cancer centers to demonstrate commitment to high-quality patient care. Achieving QOPI certification for the author's cancer center was ...
Nishank Jain - - 2013
A new observational study in Canadian patients shows a U-shaped association between longitudinal change in estimated glomerular filtration rate over a 4-year period and all-cause mortality. This study confirms the findings of previous studies done in middle-aged Taiwanese patients, community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries, and chronic kidney disease patients. Future studies are ...
Novick Kerry Kelly - - 2013
To address the neglect of the importance of parent work in the psychodynamic psychotherapy of children and adolescents, the authors present a model of concurrent dynamic parent work that has demonstrated success with patients of all ages. The model includes dual goals for all therapies, addresses the challenge of confidentiality ...
Vibha Pandey - - 2013
People with mental disorders experience impaired quality of life (QOL). In India, spouses form the most important caregiver for the patient and therefore impact the patients' QOL. However, relatively little is known about marital adjustment, which can definitely influence QOL of patients with mental illness. This study intended to explore ...
Ford Marty - - 2013
Abstract This article discusses the history of the grassroots movement led by self-advocates and their families to replace the stigmatizing term mental retardation with intellectual disability in federal statute. It also describes recent and pending changes in federal regulations and policy to adopt the new terminology for Social Security and ...
Nakase Yuta - - 2013
Xenos is a strepsipteran genus whose members are parasitic to eusocial wasps, including the hornet genus Vespa. We undertook an extensive sampling of strepsipterans in Xenos from hornets collected in East Asia and performed molecular phylogenetic analyses based on mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene sequences (652 bp) to ...
Burger Valerie - - 2013
The pancreas is an externally excreting gland located in the abdominal cavity behind other organs. Difficulty palpating and viewing the pancreas often contributes to late diagnoses of tumors. In advanced disease, episodes of unmanaged pain have a negative impact on patients and family members and may affect many areas of ...
Fisher W D - - 2013
There is currently limited information available on the benefits and risks of extended thromboprophylaxis after hip fracture surgery. SAVE-HIP3 was a randomised, double-blind study conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of extended thromboprophylaxis with the ultra-low molecular-weight heparin semuloparin compared with placebo in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. After ...
Naveed M A - - 2013
We present the ten- to 15-year follow-up of 31 patients (34 knees), who underwent an Elmslie-Trillat tibial tubercle osteotomy for chronic, severe patellar instability, unresponsive to non-operative treatment. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 31 years (18 to 46) and they were reviewed post-operatively, ...
Puchwein P - - 2013
Ventral screw osteosynthesis is a common surgical method for treating fractures of the odontoid peg, but there is still no consensus about the number and diameter of the screws to be used. The purpose of this study was to develop a more accurate measurement technique for the morphometry of the ...
Kim S M - - 2013
It is important to be able to identify patients with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in order to minimise the risk of an event. We investigated the incidence and risk factors for post-operative VTE in 168 consecutive patients with a malignancy of the lower limb. The period of ...
Iltar S - - 2013
Redisplacement is the most common complication of immobilisation in a cast for the treatment of diaphyseal fractures of the forearm in children. We have previously shown that the three-point index (TPI) can accurately predict redisplacement of fractures of the distal radius. In this prospective study we applied this index to ...
Pichler K - - 2013
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), responsible for extracellular matrix remodelling and angiogenesis, might play a major role in the response of the growth plate to detrimental loads that lead to overuse injuries in young athletes. In order to test this hypothesis, human growth plate chondrocytes were subjected to mechanical forces equal to ...
Scott C E H - - 2013
The lateral compartment is predominantly affected in approximately 10% of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. The anatomy, kinematics and loading during movement differ considerably between medial and lateral compartments of the knee. This in the main explains the relative protection of the lateral compartment compared with the medial compartment ...
Azegami S - - 2013
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is relatively common in adolescents and results in a complex deformity of the hip that can lead to femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). FAI may be symptomatic and lead to the premature development of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Current techniques for managing the deformity include arthroscopic ...
Lehmann T G - - 2013
The reported prevalence of an asymptomatic slip of the contralateral hip in patients operated on for unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is as high as 40%. Based on a population-based cohort of 2072 healthy adolescents (58% women) we report on radiological and clinical findings suggestive of a possible previous ...
Sandiford N - - 2013
We present the extended follow-up (≥ 20 years) of a series of fully hydroxyapatite-coated femoral components used in 72 primary total hip replacements (THRs). Earlier results of this cohort have been previously published. All procedures were performed between 1986 and 1991. The series involved 45 women and 15 men with ...
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