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Avila Jose - - 2013
Hydroxocobalamin is a treatment for cyanide toxicity with few sideeffects. We report a case of a hemodialysis patient whose treatment was compromised by hydroxocobalamin interference with the blood leak detector.
Oh Jieun - - 2013
Adiponectin (APN) is known as an anti-inflammatory adipokine in obesity and atherosclerosis. Jin et al. examine the effects of APN deficiency in renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) using APN knockout mice and demonstrate that APN deficiency protects mice from IRI. This newly described role for APN in acute kidney injury opens ...
Lee Franklin - - 2013
The image we present demonstrates the classic hexagonal crystals that are diagnostic of cysteine crystals in a 14-year-old girl with cystinuria. These crystals developed on her stent within a 2-week period after treatment of her stone. The image illustrates the importance of urine microscopy and basic urologic knowledge.
Gomes Genara Brum - - 2013
Different microbial identification methods have shown that the microbial community profiles in endodontic infections are diverse and assorted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of selected endodontic pathogens in the pulp chambers (PCs) and root canals (RCs) of infected primary teeth using PCR methods. Paired PC ...
Llanos Elaine B - - 2013
Safely administering infusional therapies is my primary role as an oncology nurse working in the outpatient setting. Included in this function are many supportive measures to ensure that each patient has the optimal chance not only to benefit from this encounter, but to experience the least harm. Last September, a ...
Goldsmith Joy - - 2013
Oncology nurses consistently exhibit distress when communicating about end-of-life topics with patients and families. Poor communication experiences and processes correlate with emotional distress, moral distress, and work-related stress. The National Consensus Project (NCP) for Quality Palliative Care developed clinical practice guidelines to establish quality standards for the practice of palliative ...
Selvi A Arul - - 2013
A simple competitive immunoassay was developed for the measurement of isoprothiolane in rice, soil, and water samples. It employed the avian antibodies (IgY) that recognized isoprothiolane as a capture reagent and isoprothiolane-alkaline phosphatase conjugate as an enzyme label. The assay depended on the competitive binding between the anti-isoprothiolane antibody and ...
Wittenberg-Lyles Elaine - - 2013
Although quality communication has been identified as a necessary component to cancer care, communication skills training programs have yet to focus on the unique role of nurses. This study explored communication barriers as reported by seven nurse managers to better identify communication skills needed for oncology nurses to practice patient-centered ...
Zou Li-Ping - - 2013
Measurement of the free β subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (free β-hCG) in serum is useful for prenatal screening. Concentrations of free β-hCG vary in different races. Conventional assays used for such measurements have limitations. We applied the AlphaLISA to measure levels of free β-hCG in maternal serum during 8-20 ...
Kukla Marina - - 2013
Patient activation, defined as one's attitudes and confidence toward managing illness, has been not been thoroughly studied in consumers with schizophrenia. The current study sought to understand the relationship between patient activation and symptoms, medication adherence, recovery attitudes, and hope in a sample of 119 adults with schizophrenia. The participants ...
Pimentel Elizangela Lins Cavalcanti - - 2013
Oral care is frequently suboptimal in children from developing countries, especially those suffering from severe systemic diseases. The aim of the present study was to analyze the oral epidemiological profile of 3-to-5-year-old children with congenital heart disease. Dental and medical records of children evaluated at the Dental Service of the ...
Carr Ellen R - - 2013
One of the most significant world epidemics in history, HIV/AIDS, has been a research priority since its discovery in 1981. This review article provides an update on HIV/AIDS, with a specific focus on the diagnosis and care of patients with HIV- and AIDS-associated cancers.
Moore Janice M - - 2013
The medication therapy management (MTM) program identified high-risk members in a large employer group and invited them to participate in an MTM program. The intervention consisted of at least 3 consultations with a clinical pharmacist to review and discuss drug therapy. The goal was to improve drug therapy adherence and ...
Serra Marianna - - 2013
The negative attitudes surrounding mental disorders and their treatment are a major obstacle to the correct identification and treatment of emerging psychopathologies. The purpose of this study was to investigate mental health literacy in a large and representative sample of high school students in Italy, via a booklet containing several ...
Tada Yasuhiro - - 2013
Geographic ranges of parthenogenetic animals often differ from those of their sexual conspecifics, providing valuable information about evolutionary histories. We studied the geographic distributions of sexual and parthenogenetic forms of the weevil Scepticus insularis (Roelofs) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) on Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu Islands, Japan. We collected Scepticus insularis at 18 ...
Ebneter Daria S - - 2013
The aim of the current article was to compare stigmatizing attitudes toward eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED), with stigma toward another weight-related condition (obesity) and a non-weight-related mental disorder (major depressive disorder [MDD]). Participants (N = 447) read five vignettes ...
Gomes Luis Alexandre Piteira - - 2013
Rodent scent-marking is often used for territorial defence and self-advertisement, and both functions often entail the continuous scent-marking of a large area with high costs. In species with highly-fragmented populations and low density, in which the likelihood of social encounters is low, the costs of continuous scent-marking might exceed the ...
Johnson Lori - - 2013
The public and healthcare payers are increasingly looking to specialty designations and certifications to determine the quality of cancer centers. The Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI®) Certification Program is one way for cancer centers to demonstrate commitment to high-quality patient care. Achieving QOPI certification for the author's cancer center was ...
Nishank Jain - - 2013
A new observational study in Canadian patients shows a U-shaped association between longitudinal change in estimated glomerular filtration rate over a 4-year period and all-cause mortality. This study confirms the findings of previous studies done in middle-aged Taiwanese patients, community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries, and chronic kidney disease patients. Future studies are ...
Novick Kerry Kelly - - 2013
To address the neglect of the importance of parent work in the psychodynamic psychotherapy of children and adolescents, the authors present a model of concurrent dynamic parent work that has demonstrated success with patients of all ages. The model includes dual goals for all therapies, addresses the challenge of confidentiality ...
Vibha Pandey - - 2013
People with mental disorders experience impaired quality of life (QOL). In India, spouses form the most important caregiver for the patient and therefore impact the patients' QOL. However, relatively little is known about marital adjustment, which can definitely influence QOL of patients with mental illness. This study intended to explore ...
Ford Marty - - 2013
Abstract This article discusses the history of the grassroots movement led by self-advocates and their families to replace the stigmatizing term mental retardation with intellectual disability in federal statute. It also describes recent and pending changes in federal regulations and policy to adopt the new terminology for Social Security and ...
Nakase Yuta - - 2013
Xenos is a strepsipteran genus whose members are parasitic to eusocial wasps, including the hornet genus Vespa. We undertook an extensive sampling of strepsipterans in Xenos from hornets collected in East Asia and performed molecular phylogenetic analyses based on mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene sequences (652 bp) to ...
Burger Valerie - - 2013
The pancreas is an externally excreting gland located in the abdominal cavity behind other organs. Difficulty palpating and viewing the pancreas often contributes to late diagnoses of tumors. In advanced disease, episodes of unmanaged pain have a negative impact on patients and family members and may affect many areas of ...
Fisher W D - - 2013
There is currently limited information available on the benefits and risks of extended thromboprophylaxis after hip fracture surgery. SAVE-HIP3 was a randomised, double-blind study conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of extended thromboprophylaxis with the ultra-low molecular-weight heparin semuloparin compared with placebo in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. After ...
Naveed M A - - 2013
We present the ten- to 15-year follow-up of 31 patients (34 knees), who underwent an Elmslie-Trillat tibial tubercle osteotomy for chronic, severe patellar instability, unresponsive to non-operative treatment. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 31 years (18 to 46) and they were reviewed post-operatively, ...
Puchwein P - - 2013
Ventral screw osteosynthesis is a common surgical method for treating fractures of the odontoid peg, but there is still no consensus about the number and diameter of the screws to be used. The purpose of this study was to develop a more accurate measurement technique for the morphometry of the ...
Kim S M - - 2013
It is important to be able to identify patients with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in order to minimise the risk of an event. We investigated the incidence and risk factors for post-operative VTE in 168 consecutive patients with a malignancy of the lower limb. The period of ...
Iltar S - - 2013
Redisplacement is the most common complication of immobilisation in a cast for the treatment of diaphyseal fractures of the forearm in children. We have previously shown that the three-point index (TPI) can accurately predict redisplacement of fractures of the distal radius. In this prospective study we applied this index to ...
Pichler K - - 2013
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), responsible for extracellular matrix remodelling and angiogenesis, might play a major role in the response of the growth plate to detrimental loads that lead to overuse injuries in young athletes. In order to test this hypothesis, human growth plate chondrocytes were subjected to mechanical forces equal to ...
Scott C E H - - 2013
The lateral compartment is predominantly affected in approximately 10% of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. The anatomy, kinematics and loading during movement differ considerably between medial and lateral compartments of the knee. This in the main explains the relative protection of the lateral compartment compared with the medial compartment ...
Azegami S - - 2013
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is relatively common in adolescents and results in a complex deformity of the hip that can lead to femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). FAI may be symptomatic and lead to the premature development of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Current techniques for managing the deformity include arthroscopic ...
Lehmann T G - - 2013
The reported prevalence of an asymptomatic slip of the contralateral hip in patients operated on for unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is as high as 40%. Based on a population-based cohort of 2072 healthy adolescents (58% women) we report on radiological and clinical findings suggestive of a possible previous ...
Sandiford N - - 2013
We present the extended follow-up (≥ 20 years) of a series of fully hydroxyapatite-coated femoral components used in 72 primary total hip replacements (THRs). Earlier results of this cohort have been previously published. All procedures were performed between 1986 and 1991. The series involved 45 women and 15 men with ...
Liebs T R - - 2013
We investigated whether an asymmetric extension gap seen on routine post-operative radiographs after primary total knee replacement (TKR) is associated with pain at three, six, 12 and 24 months' follow-up. On radiographs of 277 patients after primary TKR we measured the distance between the tibial tray and the femoral condyle ...
Hino K - - 2013
There are several methods for evaluating stability of the joint during total knee replacement (TKR). Activities of daily living demand mechanical loading to the knee joint, not only in full extension, but also in mid-flexion. The purpose of this study was to compare the varus-valgus stability throughout flexion in knees ...
Hutchison A M - - 2013
We conducted a randomised controlled trial to determine whether active intense pulsed light (IPL) is an effective treatment for patients with chronic mid-body Achilles tendinopathy. A total of 47 patients were randomly assigned to three weekly therapeutic or placebo IPL treatments. The primary outcome measure was the Victorian Institute of ...
Park H-W - - 2013
Severe hallux valgus deformity is conventionally treated with proximal metatarsal osteotomy. Distal metatarsal osteotomy with an associated soft-tissue procedure can also be used in moderate to severe deformity. We compared the clinical and radiological outcomes of proximal and distal chevron osteotomy in severe hallux valgus deformity with a soft-tissue release ...
Henry P D G - - 2013
Latissimus dorsi tendon transfer (LDTT) is technically challenging. In order to clarify the local structural anatomy, we undertook a morphometric study using six complete cadavers (12 shoulders). Measurements were made from the tendon to the nearby neurovascular structures with the arm in two positions: flexed and internally rotated, and adducted ...
Henseler J F - - 2013
Surgical repair of posterosuperior rotator cuff tears has a poorer outcome and a higher rate of failure compared with repairs of supraspinatus tears. In this prospective cohort study 28 consecutive patients with an irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tear after failed conservative or surgical treatment underwent teres major tendon transfer. Their ...
Roche C P - - 2013
This study provides recommendations on the position of the implant in reverse shoulder replacement in order to minimise scapular notching and osteophyte formation. Radiographs from 151 patients who underwent primary reverse shoulder replacement with a single prosthesis were analysed at a mean follow-up of 28.3 months (24 to 44) for ...
Qi M - - 2013
In a retrospective cohort study we compared the clinical outcome and complications, including dysphagia, following anterior cervical fusion for the treatment of cervical spondylosis using either a zero-profile (Zero-P; Synthes) implant or an anterior cervical plate and cage. A total of 83 patients underwent fusion using a Zero-P and 107 ...
Dienstknecht T - - 2013
We report the functional and socioeconomic long-term outcome of patients with pelvic ring injuries. We identified 109 patients treated at a Level I trauma centre between 1973 and 1990 with multiple blunt orthopaedic injuries including an injury to the pelvic ring, with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of ≥ 16. ...
Dinneen A - - 2013
Cut-off values with highest sensitivity and specificity for the synovial fluid white cell and differential count will facilitate the accurate diagnosis of infection in total knee (TKR) and total hip replacement (THR). All patients undergoing revision TKR or THR for suspected prosthetic joint infection between 2009 and 2011 at two ...
Capanna R - - 2013
We welcome letters to the Editor concerning articles that have recently been published. Such letters will be subject to the usual stages of selection and editing; where appropriate the authors of the original article will be offered the opportunity to reply.
Koola Maju Mathew - - 2013
We examined the prevalence of childhood (≤ 18 years) physical and sexual abuse reported among patients admitted to the psychiatric inpatient service and the differential rates of this abuse associated with psychiatric diagnoses. This study consisted of a retrospective chart review of 603 patients admitted to a psychiatric ward during ...
Yang Hee Kyung - - 2013
We present a computerized method of measuring binocular alignment using a selective wavelength filter and an infrared camera, and validate the efficacy of automated image analysis compared to the gold standard prism and alternate cover test (PCT). A prospective observational pilot study was performed on 30 subjects with intermittent exotropia, ...
Lee Sieun - - 2013
We compared the reproducibility and mutual agreement of the subfoveal choroidal thickness measurements by expert raters and an automated algorithm in enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) images of eyes with nonneovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We recruited 44 patients with nonneovascular AMD and EDI-OCT images were acquired. Subfoveal ...
Sng Chelvin C - - 2013
We determined the ocular biometric and demographic factors associated with iris parameters in Singaporean Chinese persons from a population-based sample. Subjects were participants in the Singapore Chinese Eye Study, a population-based cross-sectional study of eye disease. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography images were analyzed using customized software to measure iris ...
Sim Dawn A - - 2013
To describe novel segmentation protocols for choroidal layers, Sattler's medium and Haller's large vessel layers, using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), and to examine the repeatability and reproducibility of these measurements in eyes with diabetic retinopathy. Fifty-one patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus were imaged using custom EDI ...
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