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Naveed M A - - 2013
We present the ten- to 15-year follow-up of 31 patients (34 knees), who underwent an Elmslie-Trillat tibial tubercle osteotomy for chronic, severe patellar instability, unresponsive to non-operative treatment. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 31 years (18 to 46) and they were reviewed post-operatively, ...
Benítez Hugo A - - 2013
Insects in many species vary greatly in the expression of secondary sexual traits, resulting in sexual dimorphism, which has been proposed to be a consequence of differences in sexual selection. In this study, we analyze the occurrence of sexual shape dimorphism and the correlation between geometric body size in males ...
Gao Shumei - - 2013
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain C6, capable of utilizing phenanthrene as a sole source of carbon and energy, was isolated from creosote-contaminated sites at Hilo, Hawaii. Twenty-two metabolites of phenanthrene, covering from dihydrodiol to protocatechuic acid, were isolated and characterized. Phenanthrene was degraded via an initial dioxygenation on 1,2-, 3,4-, and 9,10-C, ...
Castilho Adriana Lígia de - - 2013
Enterococcus faecalis is an important pathogen associated with endodontic diseases, and its elimination and control are of paramount importance, as it represents one of the major causes of failure in the treatment of endodontic disease. Twenty-five plant extracts obtained from Brazilian forests were found to be effective against planktonic E. ...
Guanqun Chao - - 2013
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a systemic malignancy of plasma cells often characterized by sternal, rib, or back pain. This article describes how a patient who had chest pain for more than one month was mistakenly diagnosed with reflux esophagitis. Healthcare providers should be mindful of MM when determining the source ...
Parker Robert I - - 2013
Bleeding in patients in pediatric intensive care units is associated with an increased risk of mortality. Fortunately, most patients with an abnormal coagulation profile do not bleed because this is generally secondary to liver disease or dietary-induced vitamin K deficiency. When the laboratory markers of coagulopathy are the result of ...
Langer Jakob J Novo Nordisk Inc., Princeton, New Jersey, - - 2013
Effective glycemic control can reduce the risk of serious micro- and macrovascular complications in type 2 diabetes. However, many patients fail to reach glycemic targets due partly to low efficacy and adverse effects of treatment such as hypoglycemia or weight gain. To evaluate the short-term cost-effectiveness of liraglutide versus sitagliptin, ...
Tang Hon-Lok - - 2013
Mercury is a known cause of nephrotic syndrome and the underlying renal pathology in most of the reported cases was membranous nephropathy. We describe here 4 cases of minimal change disease following exposure to mercury-containing skin lightening cream for 2 - 6 months. The mercury content of the facial creams ...
Zasloff Michael - - 2013
Antibacterial peptides and proteins maintain the sterility of the human urinary tract. A broad-spectrum antimicrobial protein, ribonuclease 7 (RNase 7), previously discovered to play a role in controlling the growth of bacteria on human skin, has now been shown to have an important antibacterial function in the human urinary tract.
Yang Hee Kyung - - 2013
We present a computerized method of measuring binocular alignment using a selective wavelength filter and an infrared camera, and validate the efficacy of automated image analysis compared to the gold standard prism and alternate cover test (PCT). A prospective observational pilot study was performed on 30 subjects with intermittent exotropia, ...
Gomes Genara Brum - - 2013
Different microbial identification methods have shown that the microbial community profiles in endodontic infections are diverse and assorted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of selected endodontic pathogens in the pulp chambers (PCs) and root canals (RCs) of infected primary teeth using PCR methods. Paired PC ...
Llanos Elaine B - - 2013
Safely administering infusional therapies is my primary role as an oncology nurse working in the outpatient setting. Included in this function are many supportive measures to ensure that each patient has the optimal chance not only to benefit from this encounter, but to experience the least harm. Last September, a ...
Capanna R - - 2013
We welcome letters to the Editor concerning articles that have recently been published. Such letters will be subject to the usual stages of selection and editing; where appropriate the authors of the original article will be offered the opportunity to reply.
Sandiford N - - 2013
We present the extended follow-up (≥ 20 years) of a series of fully hydroxyapatite-coated femoral components used in 72 primary total hip replacements (THRs). Earlier results of this cohort have been previously published. All procedures were performed between 1986 and 1991. The series involved 45 women and 15 men with ...
Buonanno Federico - - 2013
The time-honored assumption about the defensive function of trichocysts in Paramecium against predators was recently verified experimentally against different species of unicellular predators. In the present study, we examined the defensive function of trichocysts against three metazoan predators, Cephalodella sp. (Rotifera), Eucypris sp. (Arthropoda), and Stenostomum sphagnetorum (Platyhelminthes). The results ...
Bleiberg Efrain - - 2013
In this article, the process of mentalizing, its components, and role in self-regulation and attachment are reviewed. An examination is presented of the neurodevelopmental changes affecting the adolescent's capacity to mentalize and the role of such compromised mentalizing in the adolescent's vulnerability to adaptive breakdown and psychopathology, in general, and ...
Hino K - - 2013
There are several methods for evaluating stability of the joint during total knee replacement (TKR). Activities of daily living demand mechanical loading to the knee joint, not only in full extension, but also in mid-flexion. The purpose of this study was to compare the varus-valgus stability throughout flexion in knees ...
Chaudhry Shazia H SH Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2013
Cluster randomized trials (CRTs) complicate the interpretation of standard research ethics guidelines for several reasons. For one, the units of allocation, intervention, and observation often may differ within a single trial. In the absence of tailored and internationally accepted ethics guidelines for CRTs, researchers and research ethics committees have no ...
Ellis James W - - 2013
Abstract Intellectual disability (ID) is differently yet validly described by different professions. Legal professionals find it most useful to consider ID as a disability rather than a disorder. Because the law regulates the actions of individuals in a society and the actions of society on an individual, the law's concern ...
Martinez-Pereira Malcon Andrei - - 2013
We describe the morphology and innervation of the midgut and hindgut of the giant land snail Megalobulimus abbreviatus for the first time. The midgut (stomach and intestine) and hindgut (rectum and anus) are innervated by the subesophageal ganglia, through the gastrointestinal branch (originated from the visceral nerve) and the rectum-anal ...
Wittenberg-Lyles Elaine - - 2013
Although quality communication has been identified as a necessary component to cancer care, communication skills training programs have yet to focus on the unique role of nurses. This study explored communication barriers as reported by seven nurse managers to better identify communication skills needed for oncology nurses to practice patient-centered ...
Zou Li-Ping - - 2013
Measurement of the free β subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (free β-hCG) in serum is useful for prenatal screening. Concentrations of free β-hCG vary in different races. Conventional assays used for such measurements have limitations. We applied the AlphaLISA to measure levels of free β-hCG in maternal serum during 8-20 ...
Kukla Marina - - 2013
Patient activation, defined as one's attitudes and confidence toward managing illness, has been not been thoroughly studied in consumers with schizophrenia. The current study sought to understand the relationship between patient activation and symptoms, medication adherence, recovery attitudes, and hope in a sample of 119 adults with schizophrenia. The participants ...
Kaplan Marcelle - - 2013
Cancer intervention strategies have been increasingly focused on developing therapies that are personalized and tailored to each individual's unique genetic profile. Evolving understanding of the metabolism and pharmacogenomics of tamoxifen, an early example of targeted therapy for women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, has created decision-making challenges for healthcare providers ...
Peters Kenneth M - - 2013
To examine the outcomes in patients with and without a comorbid neurologic diagnosis (ND) or neurogenic bladder dysfunction after a staged neuromodulation procedure for refractory bladder symptoms. Patients enrolled in our prospective neuromodulation database study were grouped according to the presence of a coexisting ND. The implantable pulse generator implant rates ...
Kogan Alexander E - - 2013
Adiponectin (Adn) is a protein that circulates in the blood in several oligomeric forms, namely low-, medium-, and high-molecular-weight forms. Adn may serve as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aims of this work were (1) to produce monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific to different Adn oligomeric ...
Barbasio Chiara - - 2013
Mental representations of attachment and emotion regulation influence individual patterns of stress response and vulnerability to illness. The present study investigates the adult attachment states of mind of 40 women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) using the Adult Attachment Interview. We also assessed alexithymia using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and ...
Yoon Jongmin - - 2013
Various selection pressures induce the degree and direction of sexual size dimorphism in animals. Selection favors either larger males for contests over mates or resources, or smaller males are favored for maneuverability; whereas larger females are favored for higher fecundity, or smaller females for earlier maturation for reproduction. In the ...
Romão Elen A - - 2013
Fabry disease is an X-linked inborn error of metabolism, which is caused by the deficiency of α-galactosidase A, leading to progressive accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids and a-galactosyl breakdown products in most body fluids and several tissues, resulting in the clinical manifestations. The onset of Fabry disease symptoms in females is ...
Azegami S - - 2013
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is relatively common in adolescents and results in a complex deformity of the hip that can lead to femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). FAI may be symptomatic and lead to the premature development of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Current techniques for managing the deformity include arthroscopic ...
Migdal Lori - - 2013
Koenig (J Nerv Ment Dis 196:349-355, 2008) and others have asserted that measures of spirituality used to investigate its association with health seem to present a misleading picture of the relationship because of evidence suggesting that spirituality has become conceptually confounded with well-being. To evaluate this claim, the present study ...
Chubinsky Peter - - 2013
Recent trends in pediatric psychopharmacology have resulted in advances in treatment but also an overly optimistic and, at times, simplistic extension of pediatric psychopharmacology practice. Concerns about these changes in the field are discussed. The authors outline how understanding the meaning of medications to all those involved in the prescribing ...
Hutchison A M - - 2013
We conducted a randomised controlled trial to determine whether active intense pulsed light (IPL) is an effective treatment for patients with chronic mid-body Achilles tendinopathy. A total of 47 patients were randomly assigned to three weekly therapeutic or placebo IPL treatments. The primary outcome measure was the Victorian Institute of ...
Tassé Marc J - - 2013
Abstract The World Health Organization (WHO) is in the process of developing the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Part of this process includes replacing mental retardation with a more acceptable term to identify the condition. The current international consensus appears to be replacing mental retardation with ...
Green Pauline M - - 2013
Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States and globally. African Americans experience significant differences in lung cancer incidence and mortality. Smoking is the single greatest risk for lung cancer, making smoking cessation programs a potentially fruitful approach for reducing the risk of lung cancer. ...
Daniels Rodney C - - 2013
This article provides the bedside clinician an overview of the unique renal complications that are seen commonly in the pediatric intensive care unit. These sections are purposely succinct to give a quick guide to the clinician for the care of these children. We have identified four major areas that should ...
Dinneen A A The Royal Surrey County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Department of Trauma & Orthopaedics, Egerton Road, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XX, UK. - - 2013
Cut-off values with highest sensitivity and specificity for the synovial fluid white cell and differential count will facilitate the accurate diagnosis of infection in total knee (TKR) and total hip replacement (THR). All patients undergoing revision TKR or THR for suspected prosthetic joint infection between 2009 and 2011 at two ...
Liu Jie - - 2013
We demonstrate herein a novel time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA) with high sensitivity and wide range for quantitative detection of ANA-Ig(GAM) antibodies using a biotin-avidin amplification system. The immunoassay was conducted by following procedures for a typical sandwich immunoreactions with cell nucleus form Hela and the Eu(3+)-labeled biotin combined with biotinylated mouse ...
Bellinson Jill - - 2013
Children of latency age have typically outgrown dramatic play but have not yet developed the ability to talk about their thoughts and feelings in therapy; at this stage they often play structured board games, during their own playtime and during therapy sessions. This article discusses ways to use board-game play ...
Aggarwal Sunil Kumar - - 2013
Patients using medical cannabis in the United States inhabit a conflicting medicolegal space. This study presents data from a dispensary-based survey of patients using medical cannabis in the state of Washington regarding cannabis-specific health behaviors, levels of psychological distress, stress regarding marijuana criminality, past experiences with drug law enforcement, and ...
Ferguson Heather - - 2013
Lymphedema is a chronic medical condition that results in the swelling of any part or parts of the body when the lymphatic vessels or lymph nodes are damaged or inadequate. In the United States, cancer treatments (e.g., surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy) are the leading cause of secondary lymphedema. Oncology nurses ...
Roche C P - - 2013
This study provides recommendations on the position of the implant in reverse shoulder replacement in order to minimise scapular notching and osteophyte formation. Radiographs from 151 patients who underwent primary reverse shoulder replacement with a single prosthesis were analysed at a mean follow-up of 28.3 months (24 to 44) for ...
Sargento L L Heart Failure unit, Cardiology department, Pulido Valente Hospital, Lisbon north Hospital Centre, Lisbon, Portugal. - - 2013
The prevalence of malnutrition in ambulatory patients with heart failure is difficult to determine, depending on the timing and methodology. To determine the nutritional status of outpatients with systolic heart failure with the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) full and short-form versions, and evaluate its relationship with the short-term prognosis, biomarkers ...
Biswas Debdut - - 2013
Radioscapholunate arthrodesis is performed for patients who experience pain and disability from radiocarpal arthritis. Initial reports from the 1980s demonstrated high nonunion rates and marginal clinical outcomes. Improvements in surgical technique and clearly defined indications have reduced nonunion rates and improved patient satisfaction. We present a technique using headless compression ...
Perazella Mark A - - 2013
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) promote hypomagnesemia through loss of active Mg(2+) absorption via transient receptor potential melastatin-6 and -7 (TRPM6/7). Danziger et al. confirm the association of PPIs with hypomagnesemia in patients hospitalized at a tertiary medical center. They found that patients taking PPIs, compared with those receiving histamine-2 antagonists ...
Lee Sieun - - 2013
We compared the reproducibility and mutual agreement of the subfoveal choroidal thickness measurements by expert raters and an automated algorithm in enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) images of eyes with nonneovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We recruited 44 patients with nonneovascular AMD and EDI-OCT images were acquired. Subfoveal ...
Gomes Luis Alexandre Piteira - - 2013
Rodent scent-marking is often used for territorial defence and self-advertisement, and both functions often entail the continuous scent-marking of a large area with high costs. In species with highly-fragmented populations and low density, in which the likelihood of social encounters is low, the costs of continuous scent-marking might exceed the ...
Sng Chelvin C - - 2013
We determined the ocular biometric and demographic factors associated with iris parameters in Singaporean Chinese persons from a population-based sample. Subjects were participants in the Singapore Chinese Eye Study, a population-based cross-sectional study of eye disease. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography images were analyzed using customized software to measure iris ...
Nascimento Alessandra Cardoso da Silva - - 2013
It has been suggested that the epoxy paint used to coat metal substrates in industrial electrostatic painting applications could also be used to mask metal clasps in removable dental prostheses (RDP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate both the influence of thermal cycling and the in vitro roughness ...
Kawashima Soko - - 2013
Myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA)- associated glomerulonephritis (GN) is characterized by pauci-immune necrotizing glomerulonephritis(NGN). Although it has been thought that MPO-ANCA is involved in the pathogenesis of capillary injuries in NGN via activation of neutrophils, recent studies suggest a possible role of other factors such as immunoglobulins precipitated on the ...
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